方正补习学校 2014 英语七次模拟考试题
命题人 Dragon Thunder 2014-05-01 （本试题总分共两卷 150 分； 考试时间 120 分钟） 第一卷 （共两部分；总分 95 分）
英语知识运用（共三节，满分 55 分）
语音知识（共 5 小题；每小题 1
分，满分 5 分）
从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部门读音相同的选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. forgive A. unique B. pillow C. resign D. fragile 2. stomach A. belong B. focus C. official D. thorough 3. league A. theatre B. steak C. stream D. feather 4. function A. fancy B. handkerchief C. autumn D. challenge 5. experienced A. improved B. fetched C. annoyed D. appointed
第二节：情景对话（共 5 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 5 分）
根据对话情景和内容，从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项，并在答 题卡上将该选项涂黑。 选项中有两个为多余选项。 （若选 E 项时， 请在答题卡上涂 AB， F 涂 AC， G 涂 AD。 ） A： Excuse me, sir, but I'm writing a report on what people prefer to do on holiday. Do you mind if I ask you a few questions? B：No. __6__ A：Have you ever traveled abroad? B：No, I haven't.__7__ But if the weather is good, my wife and I can always afford to visit the coast at low expense. You know，__8__ A：Do you usually visit your parents during the holiday? B：No. __9__ A：How often do you go on holiday? B：__10__ A：OK. Well, thank you very much for your time. B：You are welcome. A. It's too expensive for me. B. But we live quite close and I can see them any time. C. I don't have enough time. D. Please go ahead. E. I just prefer to get away from the city and just enjoy the peace of the country. F. I only have two weeks' holiday a year. G. I just prefer to lie on the beach and bathe in the sun.
第三节：单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 15 分）
从 A、Ｂ、Ｃ、Ｄ四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 11. —Are you glad to hear from her? —Of course. ________， I dreamed about her several nights! A. What's more B. That is to say C. In other words D. Believe it or no 12. A Servant of Two Masters directed by LiuJin is ____ most moving TV play and I really want to see it for ____second time. A. a; a B. the; a C. the; the D. the; a 13. -----Darling, I’d like some beer with the beef. ----- Sorry. There is at home. Shall I go out to get for you? A. nothing; some B. none; some D. no one; any D. little; any 14. Most of the students here have been preparing carefully for the college entrance examination so that they are able to pass it on their first . A. intention B. purpose C. attempt D. desire 15. Coming to another country to study requires a big adjustment and it usually takes a while to ____. A. fit in B. calm down C. keep up D. get away 16. There are also strange records, like the Englishman who ________ a small car ________ 159.6 kilograms ________ for thirty-three seconds! A. has balanced; weighed; on the head B. balanced; weighed; by the head C. balanced; weighing; on his head D. had balanced; weighing; by his head 17. —Did they attend the opening ceremony? —They ________， but they were late and quit it. A. didn't B. would have C. would D. will have to 18. If you really want yourself to be in good health, you __
A. must; be smoking C. should; smoke
_ not always _ _ _ so much. B. can; have smoked D. may; be smoking
19. There are so many teenagers in the village left at home, ________ the parents went to big cities to make a living. A. whose B. where C. which D. of whom 20. Was it Li Hua, plays basket ball very well helped the blind man across the street? A. which; who B. who; that C. that; who D. which; that 21. The bell ran for the break. In . But out again without a single word. A. did our head teacher come; he went B. came our head teacher; went he C. came our head teacher; he went D. our head teacher came; did he go 22. is troubling me is I really don’t understand I am mistaken. A. What; that; what B. What; that; where; C. What; how; whether D. which; that; how 23. She had just finished her home work her mother asked her to practice playing the violin. A. While B. since C. as D. when 24. According to a research, it is better to express your anger, ________ bottle it up. A. more than B. rather than C. other than D. less than
25. Words like ―discount‖ never fail to ________ people, especially women, though they might not need what is being promoted. A. devote to B. reply to C. appeal to D. stick to
第四节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面的短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 You've probably heard the expression：“What you see is what you get.” My grandfather used to say， “If you __26__ a tree long enough， it will move.” We see __27__ we want to see. Psychologists tell us that __28__ controls our life more than our self-image. We live like the person we see in the __29__. We are what we think we are. If you don't think you'll be successful，you __30__.You can't be it if you can't see it. Your life is __31__ to your vision. If you want to change your __32__，you must change your vision of life. Arnold Schwarzenegger(斯瓦辛格) was not that famous when he __33__ a newspaper reporter. The reporter asked Schwarzenegger：“__34__ you've retired from body building，what do you plan to do next？”Schwarzenegger answered very calmly and __35__：“I'm going to become No.1 movie star in Hollywood.” The reporter was __36__ and amused at Schwarzenegger's plan. At that time，it was very hard to __37__ how this muscle-bound bodybuilder，who was not a __38__ actor and who spoke poor English with a strong Australian accent，could ever __39__ to be Hollywood's No.1 movie star! So the reporter asked Schwarzenegger __40__ he planned to make his dream come true， Schwarzenegger said：“I'll do it the same __41__ I became the No.1 bodybuilder in the world. What I do is create a vision of who I want to be，and then I start living like that person in my __42__ as if it were already true.” Sounds almost childishly __43__， doesn't it？But it __44__！ Schwarzenegger did become the No.1 highest paid movie star in Hollywood！Remember：“If you can see it，you can __45__ it.” 26. A. look after 27. A. what 28. A. something 29. A. water 30. A. don't 31. A. limited 32. A. idea 33. A. turned into 34. A. Now that 35. A. proudly 36. A. surprised 37. A. report 38. A. famous 39. A. hope 40. A. when 41. A. chance 42. A. film 43. A. foolish 44. A. succeeded 45. A. move 答案与解析：
B. live with B. where B. everything B. picture B. won't B. contributed B. image B. met with B. Even if B. anxiously B. excited B. imagine B. good B. have B. why B. method B. play B. simple B. worked B. leave
C. look at C. that C. nothing C. novel C. can't C. devoted C. life C. acted as C. In case C. confidently C. disappointed C. find C. professional C. fail C. what C. way C. family C. funny C. did C. get
D. care for D. why D. anything D. mirror D. will D. offered D. vision D. worked as D. Only if D. happily D. scared D. judge D. popular D. happen D. how D. effort D. mind D. clever D. completed D. touch
第二部分：阅读理解（共 20 题；每题 2 分，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A Imagine a boy from a small village in East Africa, He from a very early age has been looking after cattle. At twelve years old he knows much more about cattle than most of you. However, he has never been to school. Has the boy ever had any education? Education is discovering about ourselves and about the people and things around us. All the people who care about us — our parents, brothers, sisters, friends — are our teachers. In fact, we learn something from everyone we meet. We start learning on the day we are born, not on the first day" we go to school . Every day we have new experiences, like finding a bird's nest, discovering a new street in our neighborhood, making friends with someone we didn't like before. New experiences are even more fun when we share them with other people. Encouragement from the people around us enables us to explore things as much as possible. As we grow up, we begin to find out what we are capable of doing. You may be good at cooking, or singing or playing football. You find this out by doing these things. Just thinking about cooking doesn't tell you if you are good at it. We learn so much just living from day to day. So why is school important? Of course you can learn some things better at home than at school, like how to do the shopping, and how to help old or disabled people who can' t do everything for themselves. At school, teachers help us to read and write. With their guidance, we begin to see things in different ways. 46. The writer takes the African boy as an example to show that _______. A. African children are very poor B. some children are unlucky C. education takes many ways D. schools are of great importance 47. In the eyes of the writer . A. we have to learn from the people around us B. school is not important at all C. only the people caring for us can teach us D. education takes place everywhere 48. One can find out what he is good at by _. A. the encouragement of people around B. all those who teach him or her C. thinking of it when growing up D. trying and practicing it 49. How the writer looks at the role of school is that . A. school is not so important as our living places B. school enables us to understand the world in other ways C. school teaches us something useless at home D. school cannot prepare us for our daily lives B Tired of all the pushing in supermarkets? Fed up with waiting in endless lines to pay for what you have bought? Angry at wasting time in traffic jams only to find no parking spaces when you eventually arrive at the store? If this is you, then online shopping is the answer to your dreams of trouble-free
shopping. Or is it? Online shopping brings its own challenges. Here are a few things to bear in mind when browsing (浏 览) various websites. The claim made by online sites is that shopping online is a safe and secure way to make purchases. The evidence challenges this. In any case, you only have to be the victim of fraud (诈 骗) once to experience all the problems that come with this form of stealing. Use only sites that have a trusted history and an excellent reputation. Another problem is the appearance of items in reality is often quite different from what you see on your computer screen. This might not be a problem if you are buying washing up powder but could be a major disappointment when that beautiful blue dress you ordered turns up in green. Also, product descriptions are sometimes simply untrue. Perhaps the wisest plan is to purchase items where design and color are not essential to customer satisfaction. Some even argue that online shopping indirectly contributes to global warming. Yes, your car can stay parked but how are online goods delivered? Often by some large vans pouring out lots of carbon dioxide and adding to our already desperate traffic problems. You are also by now becoming increasingly worried by the fact that the delivery is late and you have wasted the leave from work you have taken to receive it! Without question, online shopping is here to stay and it has its benefits. However, perhaps it is not as wonderful as some of its supporters claim it to be. 50. The author lists several questions in Para.1 to . A. support online shopping B. collect answers from readers C. show his dislike of going shopping D. introduce the topic of the passage 51. By what can online shoppers avoid fraud? A. Using only trusted websites. B. Choosing big websites. C. Collecting shopping evidence. D. Seeking advice from the police. 52. The author agrees with the fact that ______. A. customers are never satisfied with products B. online shopping is a safe way to make purchases C. online shopping has nothing to do with global warming D. delivery delay often makes online shoppers unhappy 53. What is the author’s attitude towards online shopping? A. Very popular. B. A wise choice. C. Not trouble free. D. A waste of time. C Traveling can be a way to gain life experiences, especially during Spring Break –a weeklong school vacation in the United States. But what if you’re a student and don’t have enough money for a trip? Don’t worry. Here are some useful suggestions. ● Save: This probably is the most important preparation for traveling. Cut expenses to fatten your wallet so you will have more choices about where to go and how to get there. ● Plan ahead: Don’t wait until the last minute to plan your trip .Tickets may cost more when bought on short notice . Giving yourself several months to get ready can mean security and savings. ● Do your homework: No matter where you go, research the places you will visit. Decide what to
see. Travel books will provide information on the cheapest hotels and restaurants. ● Plan sensibly: Write down what you expect to spend for food and hotels. Stick to your plan or you may not have enough money to cover everything. ● Travel in groups: Find someone who is interested in visiting the same places. By traveling with others you can share costs and experiences. ● Work as you go: Need more money to support your trip? Look for work in the places you visit. ● Go off the beaten path: Tourist cities may be expensive. You may want to rethink your trip and go to a lesser-known area. Smaller towns can have many interesting activities and sights. ● Pack necessary things: The most important things to take are not always clothes: Remember medicine in case you get sick and snacks in case you can’t find a cheap restaurant. ● Use the Internet: The Net can help to save money. Some useful websites include www. Travelocity. com, www. Bargains-lowest fare. com and www. Economic travel.com. By planning sensibly, even students can enjoy the travel. Your travel experiences will be remembered for a lifetime. 54. The purpose of this passage is________. A. to encourage the students to have a trip B. to give some advice on traveling C. to introduce some websites about traveling D. to teach the students how to save money during their trip 55. Suppose you were a student without enough money. If you’d like to travel，you’d better do the following things EXCEPT ________. A. Finish your school work before traveling B. traveling with others C. going to a place that is not so famous D. taking some medicine and food in case 56. During your trip，________. A. you need more shoes than clothes B. you can gain valuable life experiences C. you shouldn’t look for work all the way D. you should forget to do your homework 57. What does the underlined words “the beaten path:” here mean? A. the path that few takes B. the path that too many people take C. the popular places of interest which are always full of visitors and expensive. D. the less popular places of interest which are quite pleasant but cheaper. D Surface Exploration Robots make great explorers on planets，moons，and other landing areas. Aside from the Earth，just about every surface in the solar system is unsafe for humans to explore. The air on most other planets is insufficient for humans to breathe，making it necessary to wear a space suit and oxygen equipment. The temperatures on these surfaces are much too hot or much too cold for any humans to stand. Plus there would be complications（复杂性）with radiation，weather，and a lack of gravity. Robots have much less limitation in these areas and can survive much longer under these conditions. Data Collection Robots are designed for collecting scientific data. Robots are also able to perform many tasks at a time and can process information much quicker and more efficiently. Important scientific projects from detecting(探测) minerals，analyzing ground samples（样品） ，and finding the evidence of water are all performed more quickly and accurately by robots.
Cost Effective： The use of robots have made the cost of space exploration much less expensive than it would cost for humans to do the work. In order to successfully send humans into space we would need to build a vehicle(车辆) that can not only carry humans，but also enough food and water to keep them alive for the duration of the trip. Moreover，robots have no problems working for hours on end. Robots never complain，they don't require food or water，and they never need a bathroom break. Space Travel： Over the past 30 years or so there have been many different types of robots used successfully in the exploration of space. Perhaps the most famous and successful robots are the Spirit and Opportunity who have both been exploring the surface of Mars. They have both been very successful with experiments on soil and rocks and have even found evidence of water in Mars' history. 58. According to the passage，which of the following is NOT true? A. The use of robots in space exploration cost more than the use of humans. B. It may be dangerous for humans to explore the solar system except the Earth. C. Both the Spirit and Opportunity have found the evidence of water in the Mars. D. Many different types of robots have explored the space successfully. 59. The underlined word ―process‖ here most probably means ―________‖． A. send B. gain C. deal with D. sort 60．What is the writer's attitude in writing this passage? A. Negative. B. Persuasive. C. Subjective. D. Objective.
第二节： （ 共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分 ） 根据短文内容，从下框 A-----F 选项中选出能概括每一段话的最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将其涂黑（若选 E 项时，请在答题卡上涂 AB，F 涂 AC。 ）
A. Interest and importance. C. People can't have perfect memory. E. A relaxed mind helps memory. B. Positive expectation. D. Memory is an active process. F. Control depression.
61． Most of us express dissatisfaction with our memory，especially when we want to recall some detail and we can't. Some examples are， an address or a telephone number， the time of a meeting， somebody's name，etc. Even people who I think have an excellent memory，complain that they forget things. Memory works like a bank. You can get to it，only if you put it there. If you didn't deposit（储蓄）it， you can't collect it when you need it. It is described what we need to do to improve our memory in this article. 62． Recall of a particular event or detail depends on the interest we take and the importance we attach to that detail or event，at the time when it is taking place. We remember so much more about people， places，and topics which fascinate us. When you are greatly interested in a subject，you pay close attention and your brain releases chemicals to form deeper ―imprints‖ on the cells that store memory. 63．
The more active attention you pay，the more details you observe，the more you think，reason，and understand，the more associations (联想)you make of what you know with what you are trying to learn，the more you will keep your mind and be able to recall，later on. Good memory is a state of the active mind. 64． Learn with a relaxed mind. Recall the learned material with a relaxed mind. Let's take as an example a situation where you misplace your car keys. If you get too anxious about yourself in trying to recall something， as is the case in this example， you are in frustration(挫败， 失落).But， if you relax your mind，and calmly go through the events backward，you are more likely to remember where you left them. 65． Depression can make the interest and joy less in the events surrounding us. As a result，too little energy is left to recall anything. Some depressed persons become more anxious and depressed thinking，―I have lost my mind.‖ Once depression is treated，memory as a general rule，returns to the normal.
第二卷 第三部分：笔试（共三节，满分 55 分）
第一节：单词拼写（共 10 分，每题 1 分） 根据下列句子及所给汉语注解，写出空缺处各单词的正确形式。 （每空只写一个单 词，并将正确的答案写在答题卡相应位置）
1. A great celebration was held on his ____ ____(五十岁) birthday. 2. Jack has been working in our company for a (两星期) 3. I like English best; what is your ______ __(最喜欢) subject? 4. He dived into the water, leaving only his face _____ ___(露出来). 5. The students in our school study very hard, ______ __(尤其) those in our class. 6. Mr. Green was made________(教授) at the age of 38. 7. Chinese is a language with too many (方言)。 8. ________(判断) from his expression, he has passed the examination. 9. Eating more fruit and vegetables is （有益的）to your health. 10. Nuclear physics is ________(超出) my understanding.
第二节：短文改错:（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 假如英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文 中共有 10 处语言错误，要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词（在试卷 上答题无效，按要求在答题卡规定位置答卷）
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（ ＼）划掉。
修改： 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； One day a child was playing with a vase in great value. He careless put his hand into it. Hard as he tried，he could not pull it out. His father tried his best，too，but their efforts were in a vain. They were thinking of breaking the vase while the father said， ―Now， my dear， why have one more try? Open your hand or hold your fingers out straight as you saw I doing，and then pull.‖ To his surprise，the child says， ―I can't hold my fingers straight like that， because I don't want to drop my penny.‖ Thousand of us sometimes are so busy hold on to the world's worthless penny that we cannot achieve liberation.
第三节书面表达(满分 30 分)(注意：在试卷上作答无效 ) ．．．．．．．．
随着互联网的发展和普及，网络购物在中国也变得越来越普遍了，甚至已经成了我们日常生 活的一部分了;相信同学们身边一定有不少同学已经通过网络进行购物了，比如淘宝网等;但是网 络购物究竟有何利弊呢? 请写一篇短文，谈谈网上购物的好处与坏处 写作要点：1.现在流行网上购物 2. 网上购物的利弊 3. 我的看法 注意：1. 开头和结尾已给出 2. 可适当添加细节使上下文连贯。 3. 词数 120 词左右。 With the development of the Internet and the popularization of computers, shopping on the Internet has become a commonplace in our life.