湖北省黄冈市重点中学 2014 学年第二学期 3 月月考
选择题部分(共 80 分)
第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节：单项填空(共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分) 从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在
答题卡上将该选项标号 涂黑。 1. Color shapes our view of ______ world and it may have ______far more influence on our lives than many of us realize. A. a; a B. the; / C. the; the D. the; a 2. It is said that sandstorms will become more ______as a result of global warming. A. frequent B. normal C. formal D. rare 3. The young man helped the company recover, so his boss gave him an apartment ______. A. in return B. in turn C. in charge D. in fact 4. Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel, David Copperfield, was ______ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A. what B. why C. that D. whether 5. He used to be ______ shy but now he can talk freely to anyone he meets. A. extremely B. nearly C. actually D. briefly 6. ―XiJinping’s report,‖ a smile on his face, he continued, ―______ to several hot topics, discusses how to increase peasants’income.‖ A. referring B. refers C. having referred D. referred 7. It is believed that high achievers are ambitious, hard working, and work toward personal standards of excellence ______ material rewards. A. other than B. or rather C. rather than D. or else 8. — Could I make it 14th July? —______. A. You can manage it B. That’s fine with me C. Not a bit of it D. Go ahead with it 9. We missed our train, and ______ the next train was delayed, ______ we had to wait for another two hours. A. on top of that; so B. as a result; thus C. what was worse; therefore D. apart from that; then 10. ______ for his mistake, the little boy could not but ______to his teacher that he was wrong. A. Blaming; to admit B. Blamed; admit C. To blame; admitted D. To be blamed; admitting 11. Mary enjoys home made food, so she seldom, ______ , eats out. A. if never B. if any C. if ever D. if not 12. The officer gave orders that anyone ______ a gun should be reported to the police station. A. saw take B. seen taking C. seeing take D. seen taken 13. If you don’t try your best to learn all subjects, you will ______ behind. A. stay B. leave C. fall D. remain
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14. —Can you shoot that bird at the top of the tree? —No, it’s out of ______. A. range B. reach C. control D. distance 15. With the help of an interpreter, the foreigner was able to get his idea ______ to the assistants in the drugstore. A. by B. across C. along D. against 16. Foreign ministers of the two countries hold regular meetings, ______ they can exchange views on international issues of both concern. A. what B. where C. which D. why 17. Personally, I think modern education is ______ sitting at a desk and looking at the blackboard. A. more than B. no more than C. less than D. no less than 18. I wrote a letter to John for his help during my high school years, without which I ______ the college entrance exam. A. would fail B. would have failed C. should fail D. must have failed 19. ______ the burglar from the second floor when the house owner found him stealing last night. A. Down jumping B. Down jumped C. Jumping down D. Jumped down 20. Do you expect ______ to be a possibility that we shall be able to afford the particular furniture we need？ A.it B.there C.that D.one 第二节：完形填空 (共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21—40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选 出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项标号涂黑。 To Be Lucky，Be Prepared I remember the exact moment I learned the principle of preparing for luck. I was on the wrestling team. Now, if there’s one thing I can tell you about any sports, it is that wrestling is probably the sport that has the least 21 . There are only two people out on the mat, so you cannot 22 it on your teammates or your coach. And guess what? There is no 23 because we do the whole thing indoors, so you can’t say, ―It was raining.‖ or ―It was snowing.‖ It makes 24 to say wrestling is the sport with the least luck. On our team were two world champions: one of them had been world champion five times. We 25 had five people who were national champions. One of them was a guy 26 the name of John. John had never been 27 in my high school wrestling competition that I could remember, 28 he was a national champion. There was nobody locally who could touch him. One day, we 29 a match with our biggest opponent (对手). John went out on the mat, and about a minute and 30 seconds into the match he tried to make a particular 30 . He rolled over, and his opponent 31 him halfway through his roll. He was pinned 32 ! The match was over. I remember on the bus on the way home, one of our teammates tried to 33 John by
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saying, ―Oh, he just got lucky.‖ And John said, ―That’s so stupid. The opportunity presented itself, 34 he exploited it.‖ We used to have this big sign in our wrestling room that the coach had 35 there. ―Luck is what happens when opportunity 36 preparation.‖ John’s opponent was prepared to exploit this opportunity. The probability of 37 John was not strong, and he knew it. But he paid attention to the 38 opportunity to present itself, and he defeated and pinned a fivetime national champion. In other words, the real 39 is Be Prepared. It’s not just finding the opportunity; you have to be prepared to 40 it. 21. A. luck 22. A. accuse 23. A. stress 24. A. judgement 25. A. also 26. A. under 27. A. hurt 28. A. although 29. A. went for 30. A. sign 31. A. fixed 32. A. accidentally 33. A. calm 34. A. so 35. A. set 36. A. meets 37. A. striking 38. A. equal 39. A. message 40. A. receive B. risk B. blame B. injury B. progress B. even B. for B. chosen B. because B. waited for B. step B. threw B. fortunately B. comfort B. or B. put B. suits B. beating B. exact B. passage B. follow C. difficulty C. doubt C. weather C. sense C. only C. in C. trained C. unless C. fought for C. task C. caught C. unfairly C. convince C. and C. left C. gets C. knocking C. rest C. decision C. seize D. opportunity D. keep D. standard D. way D. once D. by D. defeated D. until D. played for D. move D. carried D. instantly D. forgive D. but D. used D. fits D. controlling D. right D. suggestion D. save
第二部分：阅读理解(第一节 20 小题，第二节 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 50 分) 第一节：阅读下列材料，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答 题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 A About five years ago, an American electrical engineer named Scott Brusaw and his wife Julie came up with the idea of putting solar panels (控制板) on the ground rather than the roof. Then they began to develop the Solar Roadway. The Solar Roadway is an intelligent road that provides clean renewable energy using power from the sun while providing safer driving conditions, along with power and data delivery. They predict that the Solar Roadway will pay for itself through the generation of electricity along with other forms of income and that the same money that is being used to build and resurface current roads can be used to build the Solar Roadways. Each Solar Road Panel measures roughly 4 meters by 4 meters and contains a microprocessor (微处理器) that monitors and controls the panel, while communicating with neighboring panels and the vehicles traveling overhead. The inventors suggest that this provides a communications
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device every 4 meters on every road which could be used for example to warn drivers of cars which are moving across a centre line and various other speed control problems. The top of the Solar Road panels is made of super-strong glass that would offer vehicles the tractions (抓地力) they need. According to the inventors, the Solar Roadway creates and carries clean renewable electricity and therefore electric vehicles can be recharged at any conveniently located rest stop, or at any business that has paved Solar Road Panels in their parking lots. The inventors say their Solar Roadway has many functions and advantages from main roads to driveways, parking lots, bike paths, sidewalks and runways. The Federal Highway Administration has given Brusaw ＄100,000 to develop the invention and Brusaw hopes to build a smart-road parking lot in the coming spring . 41. In the inventors’ opinion, the Solar Roadway . A. is too expensive to build at present B. costs no more money than current roads C. can provide as many data as present computers D. will bring them a large sum of money 42. The underlined word ―they‖ in Paragraph 2 refers to . A. the panels B. the inventors C. the researchers D. the vehicles 43. The Solar Roadway includes all the following advantages except . A. providing safer driving conditions B. helping drivers communicate with each other while driving C. creating and carrying clean renewable electricity D. warning drivers of various speed control problems 44. It can be inferred from the text that . A. the Solar Roadway has already been put into use B. ＄100,000 is only enough to build a smart-road parking lot C. the Solar Roadway is not available for gas-powered cars D. future electric vehicles can be charged anytime and anywhere 45. What can be the best title for the text? A. Solar-powered smart road of the future B. The great changes on the roadway C. The influence the Solar Roadway has on people D. The Solar Road—a much faster road B Item 1: JK Rowling, the Harry Potter author, has signed a publishing deal with Little Brown, to release her first ever novel for adults. The deal means that Rowling’s long-standing relationship with Bloomsbury, the London-based publisher that launched the Harry Potter books, has come to an end, at least in terms of new works by the author. Rowling, who is worth an estimated ? 530 million, said that the new novel will be nothing like the Harry Potter series, which sold over 30 million copies in the UK alone. She said that with the move from children’s to adult fiction, a move to a new publisher seemed like a logical step. Item 2: China’s hurdler Liu Xiang was disqualified Thursday at the Stockholm indoor athletics tournament due to false start, giving his rival Dayron Robles of Cuba an easy win of 7.66
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seconds. Liu was not willing to explain the reason of his false start, but he told Xinhua that it was not related to his foot injury. Another Cuban Orlando Ortega followed in 7.68 seconds and Balazs Baji of Hungary stood third in 7.70 seconds. Last Saturday, Liu won the men’s 60m hurdle final in 7.41 seconds at the Birmingham indoor tournament, setting a new Asian record. He said Wednesday that he hoped to have an even better performance than he did in Birmingham at the Stockholm indoor tournament. Item 3: Former NBA star and current Bobcats owner Michael Jordan filed suit in a Chinese court against Qiaodan Sports Company Limited, a sportswear and footwear manufacturer, for the use of his name without permission. Jordan says ―This complaint is not about money, it’s about principle and protecting my name.‖ The Chinese company has registered and uses the name ―Qiaodan‖. Jordan has been known in China since he gained widespread popularity in the mid-1980s. Item 4: A commuter train crashed at a busy central station in Buenos Aires on Wednesday, killing 49 passengers and injuring more than 600 people, the deadliest in a series of train accidents in Argentina over the past years. The train crashed at about 8:30 a.m. at its final stop at the Once Station, not far from downtown Buenos Aires. The train was carrying more than 800 passengers and traveling at an estimated 16 miles per hour when it entered the station, slamming into the barrier of the platform, destroying the engine. 46. What is the publisher of Rowling’s new book for adult? A. The London–based publisher B. Bloomsbury C. Little Brown D. We don’t know 47. What is the final result of Liu Xiang’s Stockholm indoor athletics tournament? A. 7.41 B. 7.66 C. 7.68 D. no result 48. Which of the statement is true according to the passage? A. It is said that JK Rowling is worth about ? 530 billion. B. Liu Xiang’s false start is because of his foot injury. C. Jordan complains not only about money but protecting his name. D. The train’s speed is about 16 miles per hour when it entered the station. 49. What can we infer from the passage? A. Harry Potter books are very popular in the UK. B. Liu Xiang won the men’s 60m hurdle final at the Birmingham tournament. C. Michael Jordan is the owner of Qiaodan Sports Company Limited. D. There were about 800 passengers injured on the crashed train. 50. Where can we see the passage? A. Textbook B. Guidebook C. Magazine D. Website C High-quality customer service is preached (宣扬) by many, but actually keeping customers happy is easier said than done. Shoppers seldom complain to the manager or owner of a retail store, but instead will alert their friends, relatives, co-workers, strangers—and anyone who will listen. Store managers are often the last to hear complaints, and often find out only when their regular customers decide to frequent their competitors, according to a study jointly conducted by Verde Group and Wharton School.
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―Storytelling hurts retailers and entertains consumers,‖ said Paula Courtney, President of the Verde Group. ―The store loses the customer, but the shopper must also find a replacement.‖ On average, every unhappy customer will complain to at least four others, and will no longer visit the specific store. For every dissatisfied customer, a store will lose up to three more due to negative review. The resulting ―snowball effect‖ can be disastrous to retailers. According to the research, shoppers who purchased clothing encountered the most problems. Ranked second and third were grocery and electronics customers. The most common complaints include filled parking lots, cluttered (塞满了的) shelves, overloaded racks, out-of-stock items, long check-out lines, and rude salespeople. During peak shopping hours, some retailers solved parking problems by getting moonlighting (业余兼职的) local police to work as parking attendants. Some hired flag wavers to direct customers to empty parking spaces. This guidance eliminated the need for customers to circle the parking lot endlessly, and avoided confrontation between those eyeing the same parking space. Retailers can relieve the headaches by redesigning store layouts, pre-stocking sales items, hiring speedy and experienced cashiers, and having sales representatives on hand to answer questions. Most importantly, salespeople should be diplomatic and polite with angry customers. ―Retailers who’re responsive and friendly are more likely to smooth over issues than those who aren’t so friendly,‖ said Professor Stephen Hoch. ―Maybe something as simple as a greeter at the store entrance would help.‖ Customers can also improve future shopping experiences by filing complaints to the retailer, instead of complaining to the rest of the world. Retailers are hard-pressed to improve when they have no idea what is wrong. 51. Why are store managers often the last to hear complaints? A. Most customers won’t bother to complain even if they have had unhappy experiences. B. Customers would rather relate their unhappy experiences to people around them. C. Few customers believe the service will be improved. . D. Customers have no easy access to store managers. 52. What does Paula Courtney imply by saying ―…the shopper must also find a replacement‖ (Line 2, Para. 4) A. New customers are bound to replace old ones. B. It is not likely the shopper can find the same products in other stores. C. Most stores provide the same kind of service. D. Not complaining to manager causes the shopper some trouble too. 53. Shop owners often hire moonlighting police as parking attendants so that shoppers________. A. can stay longer browsing in the store B. won’t have trouble parking their cars C. won’t have any worrier about security D. can find their cars easily after shopping 54. What contributes most to smoothing over issues with customers? A. Manners of the salespeople. B. Hiring of efficient employees. C. Huge supply of goods for sale. D. Design of store layout.
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55. To achieve better shopping experiences, customers are advised to ________. A. exert pressure on stores to improve their service B. settle their disputes with stores in a diplomatic way C. voice their dissatisfaction to store managers directly D. shop around and make comparisons between stores D When a tornado touched down in a small town nearby, many families were left completely destroyed. Afterward all the local newspapers carried many human-interest stories featuring some of the families who suffered the hardest. One Sunday, a particular picture especially touched me. A young woman stood in front of an entirely shattered mobile home, a depressed expression twisting her features. A young boy, seven or eight years old, stood at her side, eyes downcast. Clutching (紧握) at her skirt was a tiny girl who stared into the camera, eyes wide with confusion and fear. The article that went with the picture gave the clothing sizes of each family member. With growing interest, I noticed that their sizes closely matched ours. This would be a good opportunity to teach my children to help those less fortunate than themselves. I taped the picture of the young family to our refrigerator, explaining their difficulty to my seven-year-old twins, Brad and Brett, and to three- year-old Meghan. ―We have so much. And these poor people now have nothing,‖ I said.―We’ll share what we have with them.‖ I brought three large boxes down from the room upstairs and placed them on the living room floor. Meghan watched seriously, as the boys and I filled one of the boxes with canned goods and foods. While I sorted through our clothes, I encouraged the boys to go through their toys and donate some of their less favorite things. Meghan watched quietly as the boys piled up discarded toys and games. ―I’ll help you find something for the little girl when I’m done with this,‖ I said. The boys placed the toys they had chosen to donate into one of the boxes while I filled the third box with clothes. Meghan walked up with Lucy, her worn, faded, much-loved rag doll hugged tightly to her chest. She paused in front of the box that held the toys, pressed her round little face into Lucy’s flat, painted-on-face, gave her a final kiss, then laid her gently on the top of other toys. ―Oh, Honey,‖ I said.―You don’t have to give Lucy. You love her so much.‖ Meghan nodded seriously, eyes glistening with held-back tears. ―Lucy makes me happy, Mommy. Maybe she’ll make that other little girl happy, too.‖ Swallowing hard, I stared at Meghan for a long moment, wondering how I could teach the boys the lesson she had just taught me. For I suddenly realized that anyone can give their cast-offs away. True generosity is giving that which you value most. Honest benevolence (善行) is a three-year-old offering a valuable, though shabby, doll to a little girl she doesn’t know with the hope that it will bring this child as much pleasure as it brought her. I, who had wanted to teach, had been taught. The boys had watched, open-mouthed, as their baby sister placed her favorite doll in the box. Without a word, Brad rose and went to his room. He came back carrying one of his favorite action
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figures. He hesitated briefly, clutching the toy, then looked over at Meghan and placed it in the box next to Lucy. A slow smile spread across Brett’s face. Then he jumped up, eyes twinkling as he ran to fetch some of his prized Matchbox cars. Astonished, I realized that the boys had also recognized what little Meghan’s gesture meant. Swallowing back tears, I pulled all three of them into my arms. Taking the cue from my little one, I removed my old jacket from the box of clothes. I replaced it with the new hunter green jacket that I had found on sale last week. I hoped the young woman in the picture would love it as much as I did. It’s easy to give that which we don’t want any more, but harder to let go of things we cherish, isn’t it? However, the true spirit of giving is to give with your heart. 56. Why does the author give a detailed description of a particular picture in the Sunday newspaper? A. To create an atmosphere of fear and depression brought by the tornado. B. To appeal to unconcerned people to donate for the poor families. C. To show the helplessness and hopelessness of the family mentioned in the paper. D. To stress what touched her and made her decide to help the hopeless family. 57. Why did Brad and Brett also donate their favorite things finally? A. They were encouraged to donate some valuable things by the mother. B. Meghan’s decision inspired them to donate their favorite things. C. They also wanted to show generosity by giving away their valuable things. D. Meghan’s gesture reminded them to replace their favorite things with new ones. 58. By ―swallowing hard‖, the writer means that ______.. A. she was deeply puzzled by what the little girl did B. she had trouble persuading Meghan not to give away Lucy C. she was greatly moved by Meghan’s unexpected decision D. she was uncertain what consequences Meghan’s action would bring about 59. It is suggested in the sentence ―the true spirit of giving is to give with your heart‖ that ______. A. sincere donation means offering help to others whole-heartedly B. true giving means giving others what you treasure most C. true generosity means helping others at the cost of your own benefit D. honest benevolence means devoting yourself to the career of donation 60. What’s the best title for this passage? A. The Greatest Love B. A Beautiful Heart C. True Generosity D. A Precious Gift 第二节：下面文章中有 5 处(第 61～65 题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E 和 F)中选出符合各段意思的小标题。选项中有一项是多余选项。 A. Lack of stone images also reflects religious belief. B. Art is a good means to know about people’s faith. C. Artists express their feelings and opinions in their works. D. People know more about our culture through learning art history. E. Art is by all means relevant to history. F. Art history provides information of different places and people.
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61._______ A study of art history might be a good way to learn more about a culture than is possible to learn in general history classes. Most typical history courses concentrate on politics, economics, and war. But art history focuses on much more than this because art reflects not only the political values of a people, but also religious beliefs, emotions, and psychology. 62.________ In addition, information about the daily activities of our ancestors—or of people very different from our own—can be provided by art. In short, art expresses the essential qualities of a time and a place, and a study of it clearly offer us a deeper understanding than can be found in most history books. 63.________ In history books, objective information about the political life of a country is presented; that is, facts about politics are given, but opinions are not expressed. Art, on the other hand, is subjective: it reflects emotions and opinions. The great Spanish painter Francisco Goya was perhaps the first truly ―political‖ artist. In his well-known painting The Third of May 1808, he criticized the Spanish government for its misuse of power over people. Over a hundred years later, symbolic images were used in Pablo Picasso’s Guernica to express the horror of war. Meanwhile, on another continent, the powerful paintings of Diego Rivera, Jose Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros—as well as the works of Alfredo Ramos Martines—depicted these Mexican artists’ deep anger and sadness about social problems. 64.________ In the same way, art can reflect a culture’s religious beliefs. For hundreds of years in Europe, religious art was almost the only type of art that existed. Churches and other religious buildings were filled with paintings that depicted people and stories from the Bible. Although most people couldn’t read, they could still understand biblical stories in the pictures on church walls. 65.________ By contrast, one of the main characteristics of art in the Middle East was (and still is) its absence of human and animal images. This reflects the Islamic belief that statues are unholy. Something else can be more religiously symbolic in history.
非选择题部分(共 40 分)
第三部分：写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节：短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误，请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
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例如： It was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you. Luckily I was the am completely free then, so I’ll to say ―yes‖. I’ll arrive in Bristol at around 8 pm in Friday evening. on Dear Mum and Dad, The College Entrance Examination is at the corner. I wish I can have a heart-to-heart talk with you. The exam will be in two weeks, which makes me feel worrying to some degree. However, I need your advice and encouragement. Good studying conditions will also do me a lot of goods. In order to make fully use of time, I decide to make a detailed plan for the exam. It’s also necessary that I do any physical exercise once in a while so that I can keep in healthy. All in all, I’m quite confident of my future’s life and I do wish you good health and happy life. Yours Li Hua 第二节：书面表达(满分 30 分) 请阅读下面背景材料，并根据问题，用英文写一篇短文向学校英文报投稿。 In China, an online shopping festival falls on November 11 when millions of Chinese shoppers go to Tmall.com and Taobao.com. In 2012, Tmall and Taobao together made 19.1 billion in sales on that day. However, in 2013, the shopping festival kicked off with an even stronger start – sales hit 100 million yuan 55 seconds after midnight and reached 35 billion at the end of the day. This is just one of many companies that did business on that day. What does this material reflect ？ What is behind the phenomenon? And what is your comment or advice on it? 注意： 1. 词数 120 左右。开头已给出，不计入总词数。 2. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 3. 参考词汇：理性的 rational With the swift development of the Internet,
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选择题部分（80 分） 第一部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 1-5 DAACA 6-10 ACBAB 11-15 CBCAB 16-20 BABBB
第二节：完形填空 （共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 21-25 ABCCA 26-30 DDBAD 31-35 CDBCB 36-40 ABDAC
第二部分：阅读理解（第一节 20 小题，第二节 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 50 分） 41-45 BDBCA 46-50 CDDAD 51-55 BDBAC 56-60 DBCBC 61-65 DFCBA
非选择题部分（40 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 1. at→around good life) 2. can→could 3. worrying→worried 7. any→some 4. However→Therefore 5. goods→
8. 去掉 in 9. future’s→future
10. 加 a (happy
. 第二节：书面表达（满分 30 分） Possible version With the swift development of the Internet, we can see online shopping has become a new trend in our daily life. There are several factors behind this phenomenon. First of all, it is very convenient for people to purchase what they want or like with the Internet easily accessible via computers or cellphones. Second, people shopping online have more choices of goods than they do in real shops and are able to save time as well. Third, the relatively low prices on the Internet also account for higher sales online. In my opinion, as the pace of life quickens, it is natural for people to choose online shopping to save time and energy. But when we enjoy the convenience it brings us, we should be careful because sometimes the quality of goods cannot be guaranteed. Furthermore, we’d better stay rational and just buy what we really need, otherwise it would cause a waste of money and resources.
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