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浙江省杭州市萧山区2016届高考英语命题比赛试卷20


浙江省杭州市萧山区 2016 届高考英语命题比赛试卷 20
2016 年高考英语模拟试卷命题双向细目表 第一部分:英语知识应用 第一节:单项填空 来源 题号 分值 内容 记忆 改编 改编 改编 原创(牛津) 原创 改编 原创(牛津) 原创 改编(必修二) 改编 原创(牛津) 改编 原创(牛津) 原创(牛津) 改编(必修四) 原创(牛津) 改编(必修五) 原创 原创 原创

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 功能意念 √ 冠词 √ 介词辨析 情态动词 动词辨析 定语从句 动词词组辨析 时态 连词词组辨析 介词词组辨析 动词词组辨析 代词 形容词辨析 副词辨析 名词辨析 动词辨析 介词词组辨析 非谓语动词 定语从句 功能意念 √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 理解 测量目标 辨析 应用 综合

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第二节:完形填空 来源 题号 分值 内容 语境 测量目标 逻辑推理 辨析 惯用法

21 22 命题素材(三) 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

名词 副词词组 形容词 副词 连词 动词词组 名词 动词词组 副词 形容词 形容词 动词词组 连词 名词 动词 代词 动名词 动词 动词词组 动词

√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √

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第二部分:阅读理解 来源 题 号 分 值 内容 文体 题材 测量目标 事 实 细 节 文 章 结 构 √ √ √ √ √ 如何节省 飞机票 √ √ √ √ 运动可以 降低患癌 的风险 √ √ √ √ √ √ 记叙 文 伟大的母 爱 √ √ √ 应用 文 工业与经 济的关系 √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 作 者 意 图 推 理 判 断 主 旨 概 括 词 义 辨 析 信 息 匹 配

A (改编自 素 材 包 三)

41 42 43 44 45

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2

新闻

2015 年气 候变化

B (改编自 素 材 包 三) C (改编自 素 材 包 三) D (改编自 素 材 包 三)

46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

贴士 \建 议

研究 报告

任务型阅 61 读 (原创) 62 63 64 65

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第三部分:写作 第一节:短文改错考点分布 错 处 考 点 1 冠 词 2 动 名 词 3 人 称 代 词 4 关 系 词 5 形 容 词 6 指 示 代 词 7 逻 辑 8 时 态 9 搭 配 10 单 复 数

分 值 词 数 来 源

1

1

1

1

1 123

1

1

1

1

1

原创 改编自 2016 年浙江省普通高考考试说明英语模拟卷参考范文

第二节:书面表达 来源 原创(漫画+评 论) 话题:双十一 字数 100-120 内容 根据所给漫画,结合漫画内容,谈 谈你的感想。 测量目标 1、 语言运用能力和信息组 合能力。 2、 用英语表达的能力。

2016 年高考模拟试卷英语卷 本试卷分为选择题和非选择题两部分。满分 120 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 请考生按规定用笔将所有试题的答案涂、写在答题纸上。 注意事项: 1、 答题前,请考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号用黑色字迹的签字笔或者港币填写在答题纸 上。 2、每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题纸上相对应的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦 干净后,在涂其他答案标号。不能答在试题卷上。

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选择题部分 (共 80 分) 第一部分 英语知识运用 第一节 单项填空 1. ---Did you have a wonderful time at Eason’s concert last night? --- ______! I’v never had a more wonderful time all my life. A. You bet B. No problem C. By no means D. Got it 【题目来源】改编自 2015 年绍兴二模 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查学生意念功能能力。根据句意“昨晚你在 Eason 的演唱会开心吗?” “当然, 我从来没有像昨天那么开心过。 ”You bet 表示“的确,当然” No problem“没问题” By no means 表示“绝不,一点也不” Got it“明白,了解”所以,选 A。 【易错点及教学建议】汉语和英语在交际文化方面有很多共同之处,但也存在很多差异。这 些差异往往是考查的重点,因此,在教学过程中,教师也要强调对此类差异的整理与积累。 2. The Arctic, which is abundant in oil, _____second only to the Middle East, is ____home to seals. A. the; a B. /; the C. the; / D. /; / 【题目来源】改编自 2015 年杭州市高级中学高考模拟 【参考答案】D 【命题立意】考查冠词的基本用法,前者为固定搭配 second to “仅次于” ; 后者为 be home to “是。 。 。 。 。 。的家园” 【易错点及教学建议】由于对固定搭配积累的不足,因此,很多学生可能会出错。2016 年高 考将继续把冠词的基本用法作为考查的重点, 而冠词的灵活应用也会成为 2016 年考查的难点。 因此,在教育教学过程中,教师要落实基础的前提下,强调冠词的灵活应用。 3. His red clothes stood out clearly _____ the snow, so I recognized him at first sight. A. in B. on C. against D. above 【题目来源】改编自 2015 年宁波市高考模拟考试 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查介词的用法。against 有衬托,以。 。 。为背景的意思,根据句意, “她的红 衣服在白雪的映衬下很显眼,所以,我一下子就认出了她。 ” 因此,against 符合句意。 【易错点及教学建议】学生对于 against“倚靠,和。 。 。竞争;反对”的意思应该了解的比较 多,但是对于题目所考的含义可能不是很了解,在教学中,必须要求学生立足介词的基本用 法的基础上,广泛记忆。 4. In case you _______ need any help, here’s my address and phone number. A. could B. would C. might D. should 【题目来源】原创(参考牛津 p1850) 【参考答案】D 【命题立意】考查情态动词的使用。Should 在句子中表示“假如,万一”的意思,符合句意。 【易错点及教学建议】对于 should 表示推测的用法相信很多同学很熟悉,但是有些特殊的用 法应该强调学生进行训练与记忆。

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5. There were dark clouds overhead and it _______to rain. A. promised B. attempted C. demanded D. invested 【题目来源】原创(参考牛津 p1587) 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查动词的辨析。Promise 在这里是“预示,使可能。 。 。 ”的意思,符合提题意; attempt 表示“尝试” ;demand “要求” invest“投资”都不符合题意。 【易错点及教学建议】同学们对于 promise 承诺的含义都是了解的,但是本题中考查的意思 是他们所不熟悉的,因此,在教学中,在理解常用含义的基础上,还需要强调它的一词多义, 这也是高考考查的一个重点。 6. A novel I read three years ago, _______ name I can’t remember clearly, changed my idea about life. A. which B. that C. whose D. what 【题目来源】改编自 2015 年绍兴高三一模 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查定语从句。通过分析句子结构,发现从句中缺少定语, whose 作定语,因 此,选 C。 【易错点及教学建议】学生对于定语从句是硬伤,虽然老师一再强调,但是对于句子成分, 学生分析起来还是不知所云,在教学中,要尝试让学生自己分析句子。 7. The poor weather may have ________ the small crowd. A. headed for B. accounted for C. called for D. sent for 【题目来源】原创(参考牛津 p13) 【参考答案】B 【命题立意】考查动词词组。根据句意“天气不好可能是人来得少的原因。 ” head for 表示 “前往” ; account for 表示“。 。 。的原因;导致,解释,说明” call for 表示“要求” ; send for 表示“送去。 。 。 ” 【易错点及教学建议】account for 也是一个具有多种意思的词组,学生记不全而且由于收到 中文翻译的影响,他们有时候也很难能选对。因此,教学过程中,需要教师强化一些地道英 语美文的欣赏。 8. You’d better not call the manager between 8 and 9 this morning, because he ______ an important meeting then. A. will be having B. would have C. will have D. will have had 【题目来源】改编自 2015 年绍兴高三二模 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查动词的时态。句中的时间状语 between 8 and 9 this morning 表示将来的 时间,表示将来时间点或者时间段进行的动作或所处的状态,要用将来进行时。 【易错点及教学建议】对于时态的把握,学生容易缺落一个时间状语的分析,导致时态判断 的错误,因此,教学过程中,要训练学生进行整体时间状语的分析。 9. ________, with the help of the electronic brain, which never forgets anything, using intelligence is what a robot can do nowadays. A. After all B. Above all C. All in all D. For all

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【题目来源】改编自必修二 unit 3 Computer using language 部分 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查连词的辨析。根据句意“毕竟,在不会遗忘任何东西的计算机的帮助下, 使用人工智能是一个机器人所能做的一切。 ”above all, 表示“首先,最重要的是” ;all in all,表示“总之” ;for all,表示“尽管”都不符合题意。 【易错点】介词短语辨析 10. --- Did you choose this company ______high pay? --- Not exactly. I like the colleagues and the atmosphere here. A. in case B. in terms of C. on account of D. in contrast with 【题目来源】改编自 2015 年镇海中学高三模拟 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查介词短语。根据题意“你是因为高薪水才选择这家公司的吗?” “不完全是 这样,我还很喜欢这家公司的同事和工作环境。 ”in case“万一” in terms of “就。 。 。而 言” ; on account of “由于,是。 。 。的原因” ; in contrast with“相比之下”所以,C 比 较符合题意。 【易错点】介词词组辨析。 11. She tries to _______ some money every month to buy her favorite books. A. give out B. take up C. put away D. set aside 【题目来源】原创 (参考牛津 p1823) 【参考答案】D 【命题立意】考查动词词组,根据句意“她每个月都会攒钱买她最喜欢的书籍。 ”give out“分 发,耗尽,用完” ; take up“占据,从事;接受” ; put away “放好” set aside “留出(时间、金钱) ;省出”比较符合题意。 【易错点及教学建议】本题的干扰项为 C put away,很多同学可能会根据它的中文解释储存 而选择这个答案,事实上,根据英文的解释是 place in a place where something cannot be removed or something cannot escape; lock up or confine, in or as in a jail;由此, 我们可以看出,都不符合题意。因此,教师在平时的教学中要善于利用字典,不要只讲中文 解释,还要结合他们的英文解释进行讲解。 12. The super hybrid rice invented by Dr Yuan makes _____ possible to produce one-third more of the crop in the same field. A. it B. them C. one D. that 【题目来源】 改编自必修四 unit2 Reading—A Pioneer for All People 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查代词辨析。make it possible? it 做形式宾语, 因此,选 A 【易错点及教学建议】对于 it that 和 one 的辨析,近几年高考中都有出现,尤其是 that 表 示指代作用和 it 做形式宾语、主语的形式。 13. Our aim is to work out a program making science more______ to young people. A. convenient B. available C. accessible D. valid 【题目来源】原创 (参考牛津 P10) 【参考答案】C

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【命题立意】考查形容词辨析。根据句意“我们的目标是制定一项能够使科学更容易为年轻 人所了解的计划。 ”A. convenient 表示“便利的” B. available 表示“有空的,可利用的” C. accessible “容易理解的,易懂的” D. valid“有效的”因此,选 C 【易错点及教学建议】对于 accessible 这个词学生很眼熟,意思也知道一二,表示“可接近 的,可得到的”可是,真正用到具体的语境中,就很难。在教学过程中教师要结合具体的语 境,让学生在语境中体会词语的意思。 14. This poses an enormous threat to agriculture and the food chain, and ______ to human health. A. simply B. consequently C. constantly D. generally 【题目来源】原创 (参考牛津 P421) 【参考答案】B 【命题立意】考查副词辨析,根据句意“这会对农业和食物链造成巨大的威胁,由此危及人 的健康。 ”A.simply“简单地” B. consequently “随之发生地,作为结果地”C. constantly “连续不断地” D. generally“一般地” 。因此,B 项最符合题意。 【易错点】词汇的辨析 15. In almost every culture, it is not usually good to stand too close to someone of a higher_________. A. list B. title C. position D. rank 【题目来源】改编自必修四 unit4 Using language---Sowing Our Feelings 【参考答案】D 【命题立意】考查名词辨析,根据句意“几乎每种文化中,站得离那些地位比较高的人太近 是不好的。 ”A. list“清单” B. title“标题、头衔” C. position “职位、地方” D. rank “地位”因此,A 项最符合题意。 【易错点】词汇的辨析,尤其是 position 的干扰项有点大,虽然中文有地位的意思,但是在 英语的表达中是没有此含义的。 16. Though misunderstood by his wife, he did not _____ any explanation for his behaviour. A. offer B. remove C. avoid D. afford 【题目来源】原创 (参考牛津 P1382) 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查动词辨析,根据句意“尽管被他的妻子误会,他也没有对他的行为作出任 何解释。 ”A. offer“提供” B. remove “消除,移除” C. avoid “避免” D. afford“承 担得起”因此,A 项最符合题意。 【易错点】词汇的辨析 17.St Paul’s Cathedral built in 1666 contained statues _______ dead poets and writers, such as Shakespeare. A. in possession of B. in memory of C. in praise of D. in support of 【题目来源】改编自必修五 unit2 Using language---Sightseeing in London 【参考答案】B 【命题立意】考查介词词组辨析,根据句意“1666 年建立的圣保罗大教堂中有很多的雕塑,

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为了几年死去的诗人和作家,比如莎士比亚”A. in possession of “拥有” B. in memory of “为了纪念。 。 。 ” C. in praise of “为了表扬” D. in support of “支持”因此,B 项最符合题意。 【易错点】介词词组词汇的辨析 18. With no central government, the island was ruled by kings, _________a different region of the country. A. each controlling B. each controlled C. each to control D. each was controlling 【题目来源】改编自必修五 unit2 Using language---Sightseeing in London 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】分析结构可知,空白处为非谓语动词;each 与 control 之间是主谓关系,故用 代词+doing 构成独立主格结构。B 【易错点】句子结构的分析以及非谓语的用法。 19. King, _________ money is no problem, still leads a simple life. A. for whose B. of whose C. of whom D. for whom 【题目来源】原创 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】可以把定语从句转变为“money is no problem for King” ,这样便可知,这里 是用“for+whom” 。 【易错点】 近几年高考对定语从句的考察主要侧重于对关系代词和关系副词的考察, 但是 2015 年也有 1 题考察“介词+关系代词” ,这类题目相对于单纯的定语从句较难,2016 年有可能对 这一部分进行考察。 20. -----Tom, what about going for a walk after dinner in the National Park? -----__________. It’s just open to the public. I’m looking forward to it. A. Up to you B. That’s all right C. No kidding D. Sounds fantastic 【题目来源】原创 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】Up to you 意为 由你决定; That’s all right,没关系,别客气; No kidding, 不是开玩笑吧;Sounds fantastic,听起来太妙了,符合题意。 【易错点】现在高考侧重于在具体的情境中考察学生对知识点的掌握,其中 2015 年考了两题 情景交际中的社会交往方面的。 第二节 完形填空 Once upon a time, there lived a big mango tree. A little boy loved to come and play around it everyday. He climbed to the tree__21__, ate the mangoes, took a nap under the shadow? He loved the tree and the tree loved to play with him. Time went by, The little boy grew, and he __22____ played around the tree. One day, the boy came back to the tree with a __23___ look on his face. “Come and play with me,” the tree asked the boy. “I am no longer a kid, I don’t play around trees anymore.” The boy replied, “I want toys. I need money to buy them.” “Sorry, I don’t have money? __24___ you can pick all my mangoes and __25___ them
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so you will have money.” The boy was so excited. He picked all the mangoes on the tree and left happily. The boy didn’t come back. The tree was sad. One day, the boy grown into a man returned. The tree was so excited. “Come and play with me,” the tree said. “I don’t have time to play. I have to __26__ my family. We need a house for __27___. Can you help me?” “Sorry, I don’t have a house, but you can __28__ my branches to build your house.” So the man cut all the branches off the tree and left happily. The tree was glad to see him happy but the boy didn’t come back __29___. The tree was again __30___ and sad. One hot summer day, the man returned and the tree was delighted. “Come and play with me!” The tree said. “I am sad and getting __31___. I want to __32___ to relax myself. Can you give me a boat?” “Use my trunk to build your boat. You can sail far away and be happy.” So the man cut the tree trunk to make a boat. He went sailing and didn’t come back for a long time. Finally, the man returned __33___he had been gone for so many years. “Sorry, my boy, but I don’t have anything for you anymore. No more mangoes to give you.” The tree said. “I don’t have __34___ to bite,” the man replied. “No more trunk for you to __35___ on.” “I am too old for that now,” the man said. “I really can’t give you __36___, the only thing left is my _37___ roots,” the tree said with sadness. “I don’t _38____ much now, just a place to rest. I am tired after all these years,” the man replied. “Good! Old tree roots are the best place to __39___ and rest. Come sit down with me and rest.” The boy sat down and the tree was glad and __40___. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. root no need sad but buy work with job cut in forward depressed old go hiking before teeth play something growing need depend on cried B. branches B. no more B. excited B. and B. sell B. work in B. life B. cut out B. backward B. painful B. weak B. go sailing B. until B. hands B. climb B. everything B. dying B. give B. climb on B. sighed C. shadow D. trunk C. no less D. no longer C. happy D. confused C. or D. so C. take D. bring C. work for D. work out C. family D. shelter C. chop off D. take off C. upward D. afterward C. frustrated D. lonely C. tired D. bored C. go fishing D. go sightseeing C. after D. unless C. mouth D. power C. leave D. rest C. nothing D. anything C. breathing D. forgetting C. ask D. demand C. seat on D. lean on C. smiled D. waited

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【考点分析】观察近三年完形填空,我们不难发现,它对学生理解文章大意,结合上下文语 境能力以及词汇辨析的考查较多。本文为一篇寓言性文章,理解难度不大,重要的是要学生 理解给予和付出的真谛。 【教学建议】在教学中,教师应该要求学生把握文章整体意思,体会作者写作意图;同时在 平时的训练中,教师还应该强化完形填空的无选项训练以及限时训练。 21.【答案】C 【考点】考查学生联系上下文的能力以及对文章的理解 【解析】小男孩喜欢爬到树的顶端。因此,这里应该选 C,top 虽然其他几个此在下文中都 出现了,但是还是应该进行辨析。 22.【答案】D 【考点】考查学生联系上下文的能力以及词汇的辨析 【解析】 随着小男孩渐渐长大, 他不再喜欢到大树这边来玩耍了。 其中, 干扰项为 B no more, 表示数量和程度的减少,表示再也没有更多的数量(程度) ;no longer 表示时间或者距离的 不再延长,表示如今不会,不再的意思,符合文章意义。 23.【答案】A 【考点】考查学生对文章的理解能力 【解析】小男孩由于需要钱,因此他比较烦恼,悲伤,于是,我们可以知道这里选 sad 最 恰当。 24.【答案】A 【考点】逻辑能力考查 【解析】尽管大树没有钱,但是它为小男孩提供了芒果,两句话应该是转折关系,因此选 but。 25.【答案】B 【考点】动词词义辨析 【解析】卖了芒果才可以得到钱,因此 sell 最符合题意。 26.【答案】C 【考点】动词词组辨析 【解析】根据句意我需要挣钱养家糊口。work with 与。 。 。一起工作; work in 在。 。 。工 作;work for 为。 。 。而工作;work out 计算出,解决;因此,work for my family 比较符 合文章大意。 27.【答案】D 【考点】名词词义辨析 【解析】房子是用来居住的,因此 shelter 表示居住的地方,比较符合文章大意。 28.【答案】C 【考点】动词词组辨析 【解析】根据句意“你可以砍下我的树枝去建造房子。 ”cut in 表示插话,干预;cut out 表示删除;chop off 表示砍下;take off 表示起飞,脱下。 29.【答案】D 【考点】副词辨析 【解析】 根据句意 “小男孩之后没有出现过。 ” forward 表示前进; backward 表示退后; upward 表示向上地;afterward 表示之后,比较符合文章大意。 30.【答案】D 【考点】考查学生对文章大意的把握 【解析】小男孩没有出现之后,大树的感觉应该是孤独的,孤单的,因此,这里选 lonely

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比较合适。 31.【答案】A 【考点】考查学生联系上下文的能力 【解析】由前文可知,小男孩渐渐长大成人,成家立业,最后,到了中年,感觉自己逐渐 老去,因此,这里应该选 old。 32.【答案】B 【考点】考查学生联系上下文的能力 【解析】后面有出现做船,因此排除 A go hiking 选项;其次,通过大树说“you can sail far away and be happy”可知,这里选 go sailing 最为合适。 33.【答案】C 【考点】考查连词的辨析 【解析】根据句意“走了这么久之后,他终于回来了” 。因此,这里选 after。 34.【答案】A 【考点】考查学生连词上下文的能力 【解析】根据句意“我已经没有牙齿来咬芒果了” 。因此,这里应该选择 teeth 35.【答案】B 【考点】考查学生对文章的整体把握 【解析】树干是小男孩小时候经常用来攀爬的,因此,这里选择 climb 比较合适。 36.【答案】D 【考点】考查学生对文章整体的把握以及代词辨析 【解析】到了最后,大树说“我已经么有什么东西可以给你了” 。anything 表示任何一样东 西,而 everything 表示每一样东西,强调的是整体。 37.【答案】B 【考点】考查学生对文章的整体理解以及形容词辨析 【解析】根据句意英最后,大树也老去了,因此,此时的树根应该是“dying”奄奄一息的。 。 38.【答案】A 【考点】考查学生对文章的整体理解 【解析】根据句意“现在我什么都不需要。只想有个地方能休息一下” 。前文讲了小男孩一 直在向大树索取,现在老了,感觉什么都不需要了,因此,这里选择 need 作为恰当。 39.【答案】D 【考点】动词词组辨析 【解析】根据句意“老树根是最适合休息和倚靠的地方了” ,lean on 表示倚靠;depend on 表示依赖,倚靠,seat 本身就是及物动词,不用加 on, 故这题选 D。 40.【答案】C 【考点】考查学生对文章的整体理解 【解析】通篇文章讲了大树一直期待小男孩的陪伴,最后,等小男孩老了,终于愿意到大 树这边来休息了,对于大树而言,肯定是幸福的,因此,这里选择 smile。 第二部分 阅读理解 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A 2015 saw things heat up and get out of hand, and not just in politics. A record warm December raised average temperatures enough to make 2015 the second hottest year on record in the contiguous United States, according to the National Oceanic

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and Atmospheric Administration's National Climate Monitoring Annual Report, which was released Thursday. The United Nations had previously reported that 2015 was shaping up to be the warmest year on record for the whole planet. Last year was also the third wettest on record in the U.S. and saw ten weatheror climate-related disasters that each caused at least $1 billion in damage in the U.S. and killed a total of 155 people. These include a drought, two floods, five severe storms, a wildfire, and a winter storm. The average U.S. temperature was 54.4°F, 2.4°F above the 20th century average, and second only to 2012's record warmth. This was also the 19th consecutive year with average temperatures above the average for the century. Every state reported above-average annual temperatures. The warming was particularly pronounced across most of the eastern half of the country in December, when many places saw temperatures 30 degrees above normal and many records were set. This mirrored changes seen in the Arctic that month, when temperatures spiked to 50 degrees above normal. Part of this warming was driven by a strong El Ni?o, or periodic warming in the Pacific Ocean, but some of it can also be attributed to global warming, says meteorologist Eric Holthaus, who was not involved with the federal report. The analysis comes less than a month after the U.S. and 194 other countries signed an agreement in Paris to more aggressively counter the effects of climate change. “Even if all the initial targets in Paris are met, we’ll only be part of the way there when it comes to reducing carbon from the atmosphere,” said President Barack Obama at the time. Still, the agreement represented “a turning point” by setting up “the architecture" for doing so, he said. NOAA's climate monitoring center doesn't issue predictions for future weather, but the agency's Climate Prediction Center does. That team's forecast for the next three months calls for warmer-than-average temperatures in much of the country, although parts of Texas and the Southeast may be a little cooler than usual. 【字数统计】380 【文章大意】这是一篇调查报告类的文章,讲述 2015 年气候的变化导致的一些变化,各国采 取措施缓解因此而带来的影响。 41. The first paragraph is aimed to _________. A. arouse reader’s interest B. introduce a topic C. present a result of a survey D. make comments on the research 【参考答案】B 【命题立意】考查学生对文章篇章结构的把握。在快速浏览过程中,能根据文章的篇章结构, 快速把握住主题是解题有效高效的关键。而在近三年的高考中,对于这类题型的考查缺失, 笔者认为在 2016 年高考中可能会有所体现。 【解题思路】通过浏览第一段我们不难发现,本文主要通过一项调查研究提出了 2015 年气候 变暖的问题,因此呈现的调查报告的目的是为了引出话题,故选 B。

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42 Which of the following statement about 2015 is TRUE according to the passage? A. 2015 was the warmest year on record in the USA. B. 2015 was the third wettest on record for the whole planet. C. 2015 saw ten weather –or- climate related disasters which caused totally $10 billion or so in the US. D.2015’s average temperature was 54.4, second only to 2012’s record warmth. 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查学生对文章的细节理解。这是据统计近三年高考考得题数最多的一类,也 将是 2016 年高考所继续关注的。 【解题思路】根据文章二三两段,我们可以看出,AB 两项中后面的地点定位错了,C 项则需 要同学转一个弯,每次灾难损失了大约$1b, 那么 10 次就是大约$10 b,C 项正确,而 D 项将 范围扩大了,概念偷换了,不正确。 43. Holthans pointed out that the followings were the reason of the rising temperature EXCEPT________. A. changes in the Arctic B. periodic warming in the Pacific Ocean C. a strong El Nino D. global warming 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查学生对文章的细节理解。 【解题思路】根据第六自然段“Part of this warming was driven by a strong El Ni?o, or periodic warming in the Pacific Ocean, but some of it can also be attributed to global warming, says meteorologist Eric Holthaus”我们可以知道,答案应该选 A。 44. The purpose of the agreement in Paris was to______________. A. reduce carbon from atmosphere B. stop the temperature from going higher C. deal with the impact of climate changes ahead of time D. unite 195 countries to fight against the global warming 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查学生对文章的细节理解。 【解题思路】根据第七自然段“The analysis comes less than a month after the U.S. and 194 other countries signed an agreement in Paris to more aggressively counter the effects of climate change. ”我们可以知道巴黎公约的目的是为了提前处理全球气候带 来的影响。 45. From Obama’s point of view, ____________. A. if all the goals set in Paris are achieved, it can efficiently reduce the amount of carbon B. no agency’s organization can predict the future weather C. only parts of Texas have a lower temperature than usual D. the agreement in Paris stands for a turning point 【参考答案】D

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【命题立意】考查学生对文章的细节理解。 【解题思路】根据文章最后一段,我们可以发现“Even if all the initial targets in Paris are met, we’ll only be part of the way there when it comes to reducing carbon from the atmosphere”即使最初的目标都完成,也只能减少部分的二氧化碳排放,所以 A 错误; “NOAA's climate monitoring center doesn't issue predictions for future weather, but the agency's Climate Prediction Center does”所以 B 错误; “although parts of Texas and the Southeast may be a little cooler than usual”所以 C 错误;根据“the agreement represented “a turning point” by setting up “the architecture" for doing so” 可知 D 正确。 B With fuel costs rising and airlines finding more fees to impose on travelers every day, airfare isn’t getting any cheaper. Since you can’t drive to all your dream destinations, flying is the only way to go sometimes and, undeniably, the fastest. Luckily, there are plenty of ways to find the most affordable fares and also avoid paying as many extra charges as possible when you plan ahead. Getting the best fare. Airlines put out their fare sales on Tuesday morning, making this day the best day to book a flight for less. Fly during the least popular times. Tuesday, Wednesday and Saturday are the slowest days to fly, which means cheaper deals than the rest of the week. You can also find reduced rates on early morning flights, since many people don’t like to get up before the sun to get to the airport. Earlier boarding times can also considerably cut down your chances of getting bumped on an overbooked flight or delayed because of other delayed flights or mechanical issues. Choose your seat later. Some airlines charge you to pick your seat when you book online, adding even more to the bottom line of your ticket cost. If you show up early on your travel day, you can still get suitable seats. Some of the best seats get held back until flight day, unless others are willing to pay extra for them ahead of time, so you still have the chance at one of those. Fly on holidays. You already know that summer is the most expensive time to fly, and even though most other times are more affordable, the days surrounding holidays can be crazy. Save big if you’re willing to travel on major holidays, such as Thanksgiving and Christmas. Don’t wait until the last-minute to book. Many travelers don’t know that there’s a sweet spot for booking and getting the best price on your tickets. Book too early or too late and you could end up paying more than you need to. The best time to book is between three months and six weeks from when you want to travel. Avoiding extra fees Airlines will charge for just about anything these days. Some have even toyed around with charging customers for using the restroom. All those extra fees can certainly add up, but there’s no reason to pay them if you don’t have to. Here are some tips to keep money in your wallet once you get to the airport. Avoid the upgrade it's not necessary. Sometimes upgrades are free, but mostly you will be charged for seeking a last-minute bump to first class, and the cost can be hefty.

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Fly carry-on only. Baggage fees vary wildly, but almost all airlines charge them and charge big. Why pay for your clothes to fly with you? It’s easy to reduce the amount of stuff you pack: Make sure all your clothing coordinates, so you can take less and still make more outfit combinations, take only two pair of shoes, plan to do a bit of laundry on your trip and bring only travel-sized toiletries. Pack your own snacks. Unless you’re flying internationally, it’s rare your flight comes with a free meal. Snacks on the plane are not cheap and almost never healthy. Don’t rely on what’s on the small menu and instead tuck some of your own snacks into your bag and eat a lot better, and cheaper, than other passengers. 【字数统计】573 【文章大意】这是一篇小贴士类的文章,通过各种贴士,告知读者如何节省飞机票的费用。 46. In order to get the best fare, you should__________. A. choose your seat as soon as possible B. book a flight on Tuesday morning C. fly on holidays D. take a flight in summer time 【参考答案】B 【命题立意】考查学生对文章的细节的理解筛选。这是据统计近三年高考考得题数最多的一 类,也将是 2016 年高考所继续关注的。 【解题思路】 根据文章前面 2-5 段, 能够很容易找到答案。 根据第二自然段 “Airlines put out their fare sales on Tuesday morning, making this day the best day to book a flight for less”可知,B 正确。 47. If you want to book a cheaper airplane ticket, you can book it on_____________. A. Monday B. Sunday C. Saturday D. Thursday 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查学生对文章的细节的理解筛选。 【解题思路】根据文章 3 段, “Tuesday, Wednesday and Saturday are the slowest days to fly, which means cheaper deals than the rest of the week.”只有在星期二、星期三和 星期六机票比较便宜,所以,C 正确。 48. If you want to book a flight ticket on June 10 , which is the best time to book? th st th rd A. March 20 B. May 1 C. February 28 D. June 3 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查学生对文章的判断推理能力。 【解题思路】根据文章 6 段, “The best time to book is between three months and six weeks from when you want to travel..”可知最好的订机票的时间是出发前的三个月到前 6 个月, 如果要在 6 月 10 号出发,最好的时间是在 3 月 10 号到 4 月 28 号订机票,所以,A 正确。 49. How does the author organize the whole text? A. ① ⑦ B. ② ① C. ① ② ⑦ D. ② ③④⑤ ① ① ⑥ ⑦ ⑧⑨ ⑩ ①
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② ⑤

③④ ⑥ ⑧ ⑨ ⑩ ① ①

⑦ ③ ③ ⑤⑥ ④ ⑤ ⑧ ⑨ ⑩ ⑤ ① ①

③④⑤ ⑥ ⑧ ⑨ ⑩ ① ①

【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查学生对文章结构的理解和把握。 【解题思路】 通过快速浏览, 第一段是总起, 接下来分两部分讨论, 分别是 “Getting the best fare” “ Avoiding extra fees” 。因此,C 正确。 C Exercise is strongly associated with lowered risks for many types of cancer. Now, a new study in mice may offer some clues into the exercise-cancer paradox. It suggests that exercise may change how the immune system deals with cancer by boosting adrenaline, certain immune cells and other chemicals that, together, can reduce the severity of cancer or fight it off altogether. To try to better understand how exercise can both elevate inflammation(炎症) and simultaneously protect the body against cancer, scientists at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark and other institutions decided to closely examine what happens inside mice at high risk for the disease. So, for the new study, which was published , they began by gathering a group of adult lab mice,which generally like to run. The scientists then implanted melanoma skin cancer cells into the mice before providing half of them with running wheels in their cages while the other animals remained sedentary. After four weeks, far fewer of the runners had developed full-blown melanoma (黑素瘤) than the sedentary mice and those that had been diagnosed with the disease showed fewer and smaller lesions. They also were less prone to metastases(转移), even if scientists injected some of the cancer cells into their lungs to stimulate metastases. In effect, running seemed to have at least partially inoculated the mice against the cancer. Next, the scientists undertook the far more challenging task of reverse-engineering the process by which exercise might be helping to fight off the tumors. To start, they drew blood from both the exercising and sedentary animals and cells from any tumors in both groups. Then they looked microscopically at how the various samples were different. As expected, they found much higher levels of the hormone adrenaline in the blood of the exercising animals, especially right after they had been working out on the wheels but also at other times of the day. The body releases adrenaline in response to almost any type of stressful experience, including exercise. They also found higher levels of interleukin-6 in the blood of the runners. This is a substance that is released by working muscles and is believed to both increase and decrease inflammation in the body capriciously, depending on where and how it goes to work. Perhaps most important, they found much higher numbers in the bloodstreams of runners than in the sedentary mice of a type of immune cell named natural killer cells that are known to be potent cancer fighters. Somehow, the scientists speculated, these elements in the runners must be entwined,

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but it wasn’t clear how. With these results, “we show that voluntary wheel running in mice can reduce the growth of tumors, and we have identified an exercise-dependent mobilization of natural killer cells as the underlying cause of this protection,” said Pernille Hojman, a researcher at the University of Copenhagen who oversaw the new study. But mice, obviously, are not people, and it is impossible to know from this study whether a similar process occurs in humans, although exercise, particularly moderately intense exercise such as jogging, has been shown to increase adrenaline and the production of natural killer immune cells in people, Dr. Hojman said. “So the mechanisms,” she said, that seemed to partially protect the running mice in this study from malignancies, “can also happen in people,” perhaps providing one more incentive, if we still need it, to get up and move. 【字数统计】567 【文章大意】本文通过小老鼠做了实验,验证运动对人的身体健康是有好处的,它能帮助我 们抵御癌症,同时,文章也指出,由于实验对象是老鼠,不能保证对人体是否一样存在相同 的效果,但是前景是美好的。 50. Paragraph 3 is mainly developed by __________. A. analyzing causes B. showing differences C. describing a process D. giving examples 【参考答案】B 【命题立意】考查学生对段落结构的把握。 【解题思路】通过阅读第三段我们不难发现,这一段通过对比参照,显示了在实验过程中两 组小白鼠的差异,故选 B。 51. What does the underlined word “prone”(in para3) mean? A. likely B. willing C. ready D. prepared 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查学生词义推断的能力。 【解题思路】通过仔细观察我们不难发现,跑步对老鼠的作用是很大的,使它们更不容易患 癌症和使癌症扩散,所以这里 prone 是有可能。 。 。的意思,故选 A。 52. Researchers have found the differences under the microscope between the two groups EXCEP___________. A. they found the runners contained more killer cells in their bloodstreams. B. they found lower levels of interleukin-6 in the blood of the sedentary group C. they found higher levels of adrenaline in the blood of the running group. D. they found lower cancer risk in the group of not running group. 【参考答案】D 【命题立意】考查学生细节理解的能力。 【解题思路】通过仔细阅读第五段到第七段我们不难发现,ABC 选项都是正确的,D 选项是跑 步的小组患癌症的可能性更小。 53.It can be inferred from Pernille Hojman that______________. A. the positive effect of exercise to reduce the risk of cancer has proved

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B. the natural killer cells play the most important role in protecting people from cancer C. people may also gain a lot of benefits from doing exercise, just like the mice in the experiment D. moderately intense exercise can definitely help us lower the possibility of producing cancer 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查学生推理判断的能力。 【解题思路】 通过仔细阅读最后两段, 我们可以发现,ABD 都是错误的,只有 C 是正确的 “So the mechanisms can also happen in people”可知,这种运动对人体降低患癌风险有可能 也发生在人类身上。 54. The author’s attitude toward the discovery is ___________. A. neutral B. negative C. positive D. unconcerned 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查学生对作者观点、意图、态度的把握。 。 【解题思路】通过整篇文章的阅读,我们可以知道,作者对于运动作用于人体的作用是抱着 积极的态度的,因此,选 C。 D My mom only had one eye. I hated her? she was such an embarrassment. My mom ran a small shop at a flea market. She collected little weeds and such to sell? anything for the money we needed she was such an embarrassment. There was this one day during elementary school. I remember that it was field day, and my mom came. I was so embarrassed. How could she do this to me? I threw her a hateful look and ran out. The next day at school? “Your mom only has one eye?!” and they taunted me. I wished that my mom would just disappear from this world so I said to my mom, “Mom, why don’t you have the other eye?! You’re only going to make me a laughingstock. Why don’t you just die?” My mom did not respond. I guess I felt a little bad, but at the same time, it felt good to think that I had said what I’d wanted to say all this time. Maybe it was because my mom hadn’t punished me, but I didn’t think that I had hurt her feelings very badly. That night? I woke up, and went to the kitchen to get a glass of water. My mom was crying there as if she was afraid that she might wake me. Because of the thing I had said to her earlier, there was something pinching at me in the corner of my heart. Even so, I hated my mother who was crying out of her one eye. Then I studied really hard. I left my mother and came to Seoul and studied. Then, I got married. I bought a house of my own. Then I had kids, too. I like it here because it’s a place that doesn’t remind me of my mom. This happiness was getting bigger and bigger, when someone unexpected came to see me “What?! Who’s this?!” It was my mother? Still with her one eye. It felt as if the whole sky was falling apart on me. My little girl ran away, scared of my mom’s eye.

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And I asked her, “Who are you? I don’t know you!!” as if I tried to make that real. I screamed at her “How dare you come to my house and scare my daughter! Get out of here now!!” And to this, my mother quietly answered, “oh, I’m so sorry. I may have gotten the wrong address,” and she disappeared. Thank goodness? she doesn’t recognize me. I was quite relieved. I told myself that I wasn’t going to care, or think about this for the rest of my life. Then a wave of relief came upon me? one day, a letter regarding a school reunion came to my house. After the reunion, I went down to the old shack, that I used to call a house?just out of curiosity there, I found my mother fallen on the cold ground. But I did not shed a single tear. She had a piece of paper in her hand?. it was a letter to me. She wrote:

My son, I think my life has been long enough now. And I won’t visit Seoul anymore? but would it be too much to ask if I wanted you to come visit me once in a while? And I was so glad when I heard you were coming for the reunion. But I decided not to go to the school?. I’m sorry that I only have one eye, and I was an embarrassment for you. You see, when you were very little, you got into an accident, and lost your eye. As a mother, I couldn’t stand watching you having to grow up with only one eye? so I gave you mine? I was so proud of my son that was seeing a whole new world for me, in my place, with that eye. I was never upset at you for anything you did. The couple times that you were angry with me. I thought to myself, ‘it’s because he loves me.’ I miss the times when you were still young around me. I miss you so much. I love you. You mean the world to me.
My World Shattered. I hated the person who only lived for me. I cried for My Mother, I didn’t know of any way that will make up for my worst deeds? 【字数统计】730 【文章大意】这是一篇夹叙夹议的情感文章。这是作者因为自己母亲是一只眼而厌恶妈妈, 而母亲却依然在离世前还爱着自己的孩子。这是一篇歌颂母爱的文章,让人看后心中无不为 母亲而感动。 55. Why did the wrier think that he hadn’t hurt his mother’s feeling badly after saying such mean words? A. Because his mother made him a laughingstock at school. B. Because his mother didn’t punish him for his mean words. C. Because his mother visited his school without permission. D. Because his mother felt guilty for having only one eye. 【参考答案】B 【命题立意】考查学生细节理解的能力。 【解题思路】根据第三自然段“Maybe it was because my mom hadn’t punished me, but I didn’t think that I had hurt her feelings very badly.”我们可以知道,答案应该选 C。 56. Which of the following is closet in meaning to “It felt as if the whole sky was falling apart on me”(para5)? A. It felt as if it was going to rain suddenly. B. It felt as if I was entirely frightened by what I had seen.

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C. It felt as if the surroundings were to hard for me to stand. D. It felt as if I was in a great shock and angry with my mother. 【参考答案】D 【命题立意】考查学生推理判断的能力。 【解题思路】根据第六自然段我们可以发现作者由于母亲的出现而感到十分震惊和生气,好 像天都要塌下来了,因此,答案应该选 D。 57.It can be inferred from para6 that _________. A. my mother pretended not to know me to protect my pride. B. I didn’t know the woman who had come to my house. C. The woman called at my house by accident. D. The woman didn’t recognize me at all. 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查学生推理判断的能力。 【解题思路】根据第六自然段我们可以发现作者由于母亲的出现而感到十分震惊和生气,假 装不认识,母亲为了保护我的自尊心而假装不认识我,因此,答案应该选 A。 58. How many times did the author feel a little regretful for hurting his mother? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4 【参考答案】D 【命题立意】考查学生对作者态度的理解。 【解题思路】第一次后悔出现在第二自然段“I guess I felt a little bad, but at the same time, it felt good to think that” ;第二次出现在第三自然段“here was something pinching at me in the corner of my heart” ;第三次出现在第六自然段“I told myself that I wasn’t going to care, or think about this for the rest of my life” ;最后一次出现在最后一 段“My World Shattered. I hated the person who only lived for me. I cried for My Mother, I didn’t know of any way that will make up for my worst deeds?” 59.Rearrange the following statements according to the time order. ① I became a successful man living in Seoul. ② I was laughed at by my classmate because of my mother. ③ In order to get rid of my mother, I made up my mind to be successful. ④ I went back to my hometown for a school reunion. ⑤ I saw the letter written by my mother and know the reason why she had only one eye. A. ②①③④⑤ B. ③②①④⑤ C. ②③①④⑤ D. ②③①⑤④ 【参考答案】C 【命题立意】考查学生细节理解的能力。 【解题思路】通过对整篇文章的阅读整理,不难发现答案。 60. What is the best title for the passage? A. My One Eye Mother B. The Shame of My Life C. Difficult Time in My Life

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D. How to be a Successful Man 【参考答案】A 【命题立意】考查学生把握文章主旨要义的理解。 【解题思路】通过对整篇文章的阅读理解,发现这是一篇在讲母爱的文章,文章围绕我的母 亲来写,所以,A 更为合适。 第二节:阅读下列材料,从所给的六个选项(A、B、C、D、E 和 F)中,选出符合各小题要求的 最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有一项是多余项。 A. Find out what is expected of you. B. Know what you expect from the others. C. Consider what resources you have to offer. D. Be sure to offer help to other family members. E. Keep close contact with other family members. F. Work out exactly what your role is in the family. How to Become a Good Family Member Do you feel like you don’t fit in within your family, or maybe you do but want to know how you can be an even better member in the family? Then try some of these steps to see if you could be doing more to keep your home life happy! 61. ____________ How old are you? Do you live with your parents? Do you live alone? With a child? Do you have flatmates? If you have brothers and sisters (similar relatives), what’s your age in relation to theirs? Are you the baby, or the role-model? By asking yourself these questions and finding out the answers to them, you will get to know your position in your family and the part you should play in your family. 62. _____________ What do you have at your disposal (支配)----- money, materials, skills, knowledge and so on that you can use to help your family overall? Even if you are 10 years old with no financial income, you probably know how to wash dishes, put your own clothes in the laundry basket, and entertain your little brother/sister or at the very least avoid annoying your older brothers, sisters and parents too much. 63. ______________ If you are a parent, your children need a lot from you. If you are a child or teen, your parents need a fair amount too. What do the other people in your home need you to do? If your parents ask you to take the rubbish out, a good family member does so. Similarly, if you have a sister who needs your companion, an uncle who needs a bit of time alone every Saturday morning, or a struggling mother who could use your help with the rent or the dinner, a good family member will do what they can to relieve these burdens. 64. ______________ A big source of conflict between teens and their parents occurs when parents don’t know what their teenagers expect of them; a teenager may want more freedom and independence, and the ability to control their life to a greater degree. However, if they don’t communicate this with their parents, they are unable to negotiate(商议) for it. Younger children may feel the same, and parents or other family members may have expectations of younger family members that they haven’t conveyed, either. Make sure others in your family know that you’re willing to do a little give-and-take. 65. ______________ Being nice to the family you live with is only part of it; make

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an effort to learn more about family members, and make sure you call them from time to time, or send out the occasional email. Be available not just for your younger brothers and sisters, but your cousins, nieces and nephews too. Send out Christmas presents and cards, and make an effort to remember birthdays. Don’t let your goodness end at home. 【题目来源】原创(选自网络 How to Become a Good Family Member: 6 Steps (with Pictures) http://www.wikihow.com/Become-a-Good-Family-Member) 【参考答案】FCABE 非选择题部分(共 40 分) 第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题, 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 下面短文中有 10 处错误。请在有错误的地方增加,删除或修改某个单词。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 My father is a happy owner of a small drugstore. Yet his business has had its ups and downs. I still remember one day he came home, looked really sad. He told us that he would have to close down her store due to the poor business. Not knowing which to say, my mother and I kept silently for a while. Then my mother said to Father, and me: “Don’t worry, everything will be all right.” From that day on, my mother and some of my relatives did something they could help Father. Father’s store begin to make profits. I learned from this experience that we should never lose our heart when in difficulties. Our loved one are always there to support us. (原创 改编自 2016 年浙江省普通高考考试说明英语模拟卷参考范文) 【命题立意】通过近三年的浙江省高考英语短文改错我们可以发现,尽管每年差异还在,但 是趋同性更是存在。其中,时态、名词单复数、形容词副词的修改、介词、冠词以及固定搭 配的修改几乎每年都有涉及。 【教学建议】因此,教师在平时训练过程中,要强调学生进行整理归纳错误点,并且观察自 己那些错误类型是很难改出来的,到时候可以进行针对性的练习。 【参考答案】My father is a happy owner of a small drugstore. Yet his business has had its the ups and downs. I still remember one day he came home, looked really sad. He told us that he looking would have to close down her store due to the poor business. Not knowing which to say, my his what

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mother and I kept silently for a while. Then my mother said to Father, and me: “Don’t worry, silent something will be all right.” From that day on, my mother and some of my relatives did everything everything they could∧ help Father. Father’s store begin to make profits. I learned from this to began experience that we should never lose our heart when in difficulties. Our loved one are always there 去掉 our ones to support us. 第二节:书面表达(满分 30 分) (原创) 假定你是某中学生英语报的小记者,以下漫画反映了双十一的状态,请根据要求写一篇英语 短文投稿。内容要求: 1. 描述漫画内容 2. 发表个人感想

注意:1.短文的开头已经给出,不计入总词数; 2.考生可以适当发挥,是文章内容充实、连贯 3.词数 120 左右 4.文中不能出现考生的具体信息。 With Single’s Day finally approaching as we all expected, everyone becomes extremely crazy about the online shopping._________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________

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_______________________________________________________________ 【考点】半开放性文章,漫画作文 【写作指导】本文属于半开放性试题,考生要结合所给的漫画,独立进行构思,并作适当发 挥。试题材料贴近考生的实际生活,考生的自由发挥空间比较大。 【评分标准】一、评分原则 3、词数少于 110 和多于 130 的,从总分中减去 2 分。 4、评分时,应注意的主要内容:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文连 贯性及语言的得体性。 5、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。 英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。 6、如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。 第五档次(很好) : (25-30 分) 完 全完成了试题规定的任务。 -覆盖所有内容要点。 -应用较多的语法结构和词汇。 -语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强的 语言运用能力。 -有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 完全达到了预期的写作目的。 第四 档(好) (19-24 分) 完全完成了试题规定的任务。 -虽漏掉 1、 2 个次重点, 但覆盖所有主要内容。 -应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 -语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试复杂语法结构或词汇所致。 应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑。 达到了预期的写作目的。 第三档(适 当) : (13-18) 基本完成了试题规定的任务。 -虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容。 -应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求。 -有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解。 -应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使 全文内容连贯。 整体而言, 基本达到了预期的写作目的。 第二档 (较差) : (7—12 分) 未 恰当完成试题规定的任务。 -漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容。 -语法结构单调,词汇知识有限。 -有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解。 -较少使用语句间的连接 成分,内容缺少连贯性。 信息未能清楚地传达给读者。 第一档(差) : (1-6 分) 未完成试题规定的任务。 -明显遗漏主要内容,写一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求。 -语法结构单调、词 汇项目有限。 -较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解。 -缺乏语句间的连接成分,内 容不连贯。 信息未能传达给读者。 0 分 未能传达给读者任何信息;内容太少、无法评判;写的内容均与所要求内容无关或所写内容 无法看清。 【参考范文】 As we can see in the picture above, a woman sitting still in front of the computer selects her favorite products until 2 o’clock in the morning . Without noticing her husband’ s request to sleep, the woman was totally absorbed in the online shopping. The picture which seems ridiculous reflects a common phenomenon nowadays that many people are addicted to e-shopping, including myself. Driven by the huge discount

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given by T-mall, i was so excited that i stayed awake until midnight to buy the things i had picked out before. Exhausted but thrilled, i looked forward to the arrival of all the products. However, not all of them satisfied me, so i had to return some of them, which brought me a lot of inconvenience. My own experience tells me that when buying stuff online, we should depend on our reason rather than emotion. Only in this way, can we save both our time and energy.

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