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新世纪 book 6 unit 1 练习题 (有答案)


Book 6 Unit 1 Two Generations
I. Phrase Unit 1 Two Generations Text: Mother’s Love 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 流泪 金子般的心灵 从…中移开,拿走 失去对…的掌控 把…洒在厨房地板上 大量, 一大片 对…大叫, 对…大嚷 搞得一团糟 一大滩牛奶 搞破坏,对…造成损害 弄干净… 恢复秩序 洒出去的牛奶 对…的失败的实验 开始/逐渐认识到… 对犯错感到害怕 医学突破 开始学业 对…而言新鲜陌生 (口语)稍微,有一点 迄今为止 为…疗伤 呵护某人的情感 开始某人的伟大探险 在世界上立足 牵着某人的手 对…感到惊叹 与欺骗相比, 失败要令人敬佩的 多。 给…标价 对…有信念 对…充耳不闻 大声喧嚣的乌合之众 百炼成钢 对…做出反应 而不是 通过每次尝试完善自我 克服许多困难 shed the tears (shed, shed, shed) one’s heart of purest gold remove…from… lose the grasp on… spill…all over the kitchen floor a sea of… yell at make a mess a huge pool of milk do damage (to…) clean up sth. restore to the proper order the spilt milk a failed experiment in… come to understand… be afraid to make mistakes medical breakthrough start school be strange and new to sb. sort of up to now heal one’s wounds nourish one’s feelings start on one’s great adventure live one’s life in the world take sb. by the hand marvel at… It is far more admirable to fail than to cheat. put a price on… have faith in… close one’s ears to…/ turn a deaf ear to… a yelling mob Only the test of fire makes fine steel. react to… rather than better oneself through every attempt overcome many hardships
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给…呈现… 一个有爱心,坚强的母亲形象 暗指,涉及,提到 处理,打交道 牢记 从某种程度而言 很可能 情绪上/精神上困惑 发现很难将注意力集中在想做 的事情上 胆怯,忸怩 不够坦诚,很情绪化 超出能力 达成目标 判断能力 与…相比较 对…挑剔 个人事务/问题 有机会处置自己的事务 大量的指导 反抗… 欣然接受 至于 个人信仰 有时极端理想化 生活观常处于两个极端 一方面; 另一方面 毫无理由的骄傲自大 可塑性时期 落在…身上 其他涉及到的人 走过这个困难又关键的人生阶 段 用一种更有意义的方式

present sb. with… the image of a loving and firm-minded mother refer to deal with bear… in mind/ bear in mind that… to some degree be likely to do… be confused mentally find it hard to concentrate on what they intend to do be timid and self-conscious lack frankness and are easily affected by their own emotions beyond one’s capability achieve one’s objectives the critical ability compare with… be critical of… personal issue Be given an opportunity to direct their own affairs a good amount of guidance rebel against… accept… with enthusiasm as to… personal belief have a tendency to be sometimes extremely idealistic View on life usually falls in two extremes. on one hand; on the other hand unreasonably boastful plastic age fall on… the other people involved go through this difficult and critical stage of life in a more constructive manner

Additional Reading: Adolescence

II. Translation 1. Grasp all, lose all. 贪多必失。 2. 我紧握住绳子不让它滑掉. (grasp) I take a firm grasp on the rope from slipping.
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3. 当人们听说了那位英雄的死讯,大家都落下了眼泪。(shed) When people heard the news of the hero’s death, they all shed tears. 4. 在教堂里,你应该脱帽。(remove) You should remove your hat in the church. 5. It is said that genius is only one remove from madness. 天才与疯子仅有一线之隔。 6. 他还没有完全搞懂这件事。(grasp) He hasn’t had a thorough grasp of the issue. 7. 世上没有后悔药。/亡羊补牢,为时已晚。(use) It is no use crying over spilt milk. 8. 男生们不能打篮球了,因为下过雨后,场地上有一大滩水。(a pool of) The boys couldn’t play basketball, because after the rain there was a pool of water on the ground. 9. 我雇了一个木匠帮我修复旧农舍。(restore) I hired a carpenter to help me (to) restore the old farmhouse. 10. 他最近的成功使他恢复了对自己能力的信任。(restore) His recent success has helped to restore his faith in his own ability. 11. 我之所以能恢复听力完全是因为此项非凡的新技术。(owe, restoration) I owe the restoration of my hearing to this remarkable new technique. 12. 这场病把我的假期计划打乱了。(make a mess) The illness made a mess of my holiday plan. 13. 滥砍滥伐(excessive deforestation)会对山区的生态体系造成极大的损害。(damage n.) Excessive deforestation will do great damage to the ecological system in the mountainous area. 14. 迫于公众压力,许多地区政府对各自的海滩进行了清理。(clean up) Under pressure from the public, many regional governments cleaned up their beaches. 15. 在一次军事进攻失败之后,所有政府军和警察均从岛上撤离了。(failed adj.) After a failed military offensive, all government troops and police were withdrawn from the island. 16. 大体说来记者不制造舆论。他们会助长舆论。(nourish) Journalists on the whole don't create public opinion. They can help to nourish it. 17. 这是一款会让你惊叹于设计师绝妙创意的包! (marvel) This is a bag that makes you marvel at wonderful creativity of designer! 18. 你不可能给快乐标价。(price) It is impossible for you to put a price on happiness. 19. 当你不知道怎样拼写一个单词时,请查阅一下字典。(refer) Please refer to the dictionary when you don’t know how to spell a word. 20. Deal with a man as he deals with you. 以其人之道,还治其人之身. 21. 他开始用建设性的方法处理自己的怒气. (constructive) He is beginning to deal with his anger in a constructive way. 22. 因为有代沟的存在, 所以我们必须记住,年轻人可能不喜欢这个想法. (bear) As generation gap exists, we must bear in mind that the younger people might not like that idea. 23. 记住要厉行节约. (practice) Bear in mind that you'll have to practice economy. 24. One should never intend to do harm to others, but should always guard against the harm others
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might do to him. 害人之心不可有,防人之心不可无. 25. 忙中不免出错。(tend to) We tend to make mistakes when we do things in a hurry. 26. 人们的科学知识、 创新、 技术能力对于保持国家的竞争力和生产力来说都是至关重要的。 (capability)

People’s scientific knowledge, innovation and technical capability are critical to maintaining the nation's competitiveness and productivity.
27. 情况紧急。(critical) The situation is critical. 28. 不要对你的朋友和同事太过苛刻。(critical) Don’t be too critical of your friends and colleagues. 29. 与城镇相比,农村显得非常安静。(compare) Compared with the town, the country seems to be very quiet. 30. 关于处罚,你有何建议?(regarding) Regarding the punishment, what would you advise? 31. 我有几个问题向您请教。(consult) I wish to consult you on a few questions. 32. 几杯酒下肚,他总要吹嘘一番他的海外经历。(boastful) After a few drinks, he became boastful about his overseas experiences. 33. 这就意味着所有的责任都将落在年轻人的身上。(fall) It means that the total responsibility will fall on the young. 34. 一次愚蠢的错误将使你卷入极大的麻烦。(involve) One foolish mistake will involve you in a good deal of trouble. 35. 为了正义事业,我赴汤蹈火在所不辞。(go through) I won’t hesitate to go through fire and water for the just cause. 36. 年轻人更有反传统的倾向。(rebel) The young are more likely to rebel against old traditions. 37. 很多宗教的信徒都相信来生。(believe in) People of many religions believe in an afterlife. III. Grammar The Passive Voice 被动语态 1. —Put these glasses away before they ________. —OK. I’ll put them in the cupboard. A. have broken B. are breaking C. get broken D. will be broken 2. — Did you telephone the manager’s office? — Yes, he _____ back before 9 o’clock this morning. A. expects B. is expected C. expected D. was expected 3. The new dictionaries are very useful. They ________ well and ________ already. A. sold; have been sold B. sold; had sold out C. sell; sell out D. are sold; have been sold out 4. —Have you got the result of the last examination? —Not yet. We’ve been told that the papers ____. A. are marked B. are being marked C. have been marked D. were marked 5. — ________ the only house Mr. Smith has got completely burnt out last night? 一 That’s right. A. Had B. Has C. Was D. Is 6. —Did you see Sandy in the manager’s office? —Yes, she ________ by the manager.
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A. is questioned B. was being questioned C. had been questioned D. was questioned 7. — Will you go to the party? — No, even though ________ to. A. inviting B. being invited C. invited D. having been invited 8. In 1998, this was the longest bridge that ________. A. was ever built B. had ever built C. has ever been built D. had ever been built 9. By the end of next year this work ________. A. will have been completed B. will be completed C. will have completed D. has been completed 10. —Are we about to have dinner? —Yes, it ________ in the dining room. A. is being served B. is served C. is serving D. serves 11. —Did you finish your homework yet? —Yeah. We turned them in, and now they ________. A. are grading B. are graded C. are being graded D. have graded 12. — Have you worked in the new factory? — Not yet, the project ________. A. is being built B. is building C. is built D. is being building 13. —How are things going? —The disabled with no relatives in Guangzhou ________ care of by the volunteers, who will graduate from Guangzhou University next year. A. are taking B. will take C. are being taken D. is being taken 14. An exhibition of paintings ____ at the museum next week. A. are to be held B. is to be held C. are holding D. will hold 15. Every possible means ____, but none ____ successful. A. has tried; has proved B. tried; proves C. has been tried; proves D. is being tried; is proved 16. The question he asked is hard ____. A. for answer B. to answer C. to be answered D. answering 17. By the end of last year, another new gymnasium ____ in Beijing. A. would be completed B. was being completed C. has been complete D. had been completed 18. More than a dozen students in that school______abroad to study medicine last year. A. sent B. were sent C. had sent D. had been sent 19.-Why did you leave that position? --I_____a better position at IBM. A. offer B. offered C. am offered D. was offered 20. More patients ______ in hospital this year than last year. A. treated B. have treated C. had been treated D. have been treated 21. Sarah, hurry up. I’m afraid you wouldn’t have time to __before the party. A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change 22. Rainforests __and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the future. A. cut B. are cut C. are being cut D. had been cut 23. After a fire broke out in the lab, a lot of equipment__. A. is damaged B. had damaged C. damaged D. was damaged 24. The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for the Beijing Olympics __by 2006. A. has been completed B. has completed C. will have been completed D. will have completed 25. I feel it is your husband who ______ for the spoiled child. A. is to blame B. is doing to blame C. is to be blame D. should blame
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26. Great changes ______in the city ,and a lot of factories______. A. have been taken place…have been set up C. have taken place…have set up A. is feeling A. first playing B. felt B. to be first played B. have taken place…have been set up D. were taken place…were set up C. feels C. first played D. is felt D. to be first playing

27. —Do you like the material? —Yes, it______ very soft. 28. The Olympic Games, ____in 776 BC ,did not include women players until 1912. 29. No permission has ___ for anybody to enter the building. A. been given B. given C. to give D. be giving 30. I ___ ten minutes to decide whether I should reject the offer. A. gave B. was given C. was giving D. had given 31. The police found that the house ___ and a lot of things ___. A. has broken into; has been stolen B. had broken into; had been stolen C. has been broken into; stolen D. had been broken into; stolen 32. ---Have you moved into the new house? --- Not yet, the rooms ___. A. are being painted B. are painting C. are painted D. are being painted 33. As we joined the big crowd I got ___ from my friends. A. separated B. spared C. lost D. missed 34. Cleaning women in big cities usually get ___ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay 35. Great changes ___ in the city, and a lot of factories ___. A. have been taken place, have been set up B. have taken place, have been set up C. have taken place, have set up D. were taken place, were set up 36. The suit’s finished, ___ it? A. doesn’t B. isn’t C. hasn’t D. has 37. The surface of the table ___ smooth enough. A. hasn’t felt B. doesn’t feel C. isn’t feeling D. isn’t felt 38. Such plants never ___ in this part of the world. A. have grown B. are growing C. grow D. are grown 39. These kinds of shoes ___ well. A. were not sold B. won’t be sold C. are not sold D. don’t sell 40. Text books ___ to come in time. A. require B. required C. are required D. are requiring 41. When the speaker entered the hall, all the listeners ___. A. had seated B. were seated C. seated D. were seating 42. Don’t get that ink on your shirt, for it ___. A. won’t wash out B. won’t be washing C. isn’t washing out D. doesn’t wash out 43. Tom ___ to work in the office though he didn’t like serving there. A. wanted B. was wanted C. was wanting D. had wanted 44. He said he wouldn’t mind ___ at home. A. leaving alone B. being left alone C. to be left lonely D. to leave alone 45. Tom was said to ___ Mary for 40 years. A. have been married to B. have married with C. has bee n married D. had married with
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46. The TV play ___ last night. A. was tired out me B. tired out me C. was tired me out D. tired me out 47. I remember ___ for the job, but I forget the exact amount. A. to be paid B. being paid C. to pay D. paying 48. In front of the hall color flags were ___. A. hunged B. hanged C. hang D. hanging 49. The president _____ a cool reception when he visited London. A. gave B. was given C. had given D. had been given 50. A red sky in the morning _____ to be a sign of bad weather. A. says B. is saying C. has said D. is said 51. If you go there alone after dark you might get _____. A. attacked and robbed B. attacking and robbing C. to attack and rob D. to be attacked and robbed 52. What I wanted to know was when and where the meeting ______. A. was holding B. had held C. was to hold D. was to be held 53. New medicines and instruments ______ every day to extend life. A. develop B. are being developed C. are developing D. have developed 54. I’ll come after the meeting if time ______. A. permits B. is permitting C. is permitted D. has permitted 55. The students _____ £50 a year to cover the cost of books and stationery. A. give B. are given C. have given D. to give 56. With the development of science, more new technology ______ to the fields of IT. A. has introduced B. is being introduced C. is introduced D. was introduced 57. ---How about the dishes, Dear? ---The beef didn’t taste very good. It ______ too long. A. cooked B. had been cooked C. was cooked D. had cooked 58. He kept a little notebook, in which ______ the names and addresses of his friends. A. wrote B. was writing C. was written D. were written 59. --- Look!Everything here is under construction. ----What is the small building that ______for? A. is being building B. has been built C. is built D. is being built 60. Hundreds of jobs _______ if the factory closes. A. lose B. will be lost C. are lost D. will lose 61. A red sky in the morning ______ to be a sign of bad weather. A. says B. is saying C. has said D. is said 62. New medicines and instruments ______ every day to extend life. A. develop B. are being developed C. are developing D. have developed

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