梅州市 2017 届三校联考高二英语试题
（考试时间：120 分钟 第一部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
笔试部分（共 120 分）
It is amazing to note that the Internet is still such a new device, and yet it is one of the fastest and most powerful media tools. But think about it for a moment. On the Internet, a big online company can be run by two guys out of their garage. So it is only reasonable that people shopping on the Net would be a little leery of the security levels. Internet giants such as Microsoft knew consumer confidence was the key to getting virtual(虚拟) shopping off the ground, and they work hard to make people feel safe to shop online. Credit card companies, too, quickly saw the potential for Internet shopping, and have installed things like online shopping insurance for people. If you ever have a problem with your online credit purchases, many credit card companies will happily refund(返还) your money and then set their claws on the company that wronged you. Now that’s buying power! There are other bonuses for online shoppers, of course. No line-ups, for one. No annoying mall shopping carts with broken wheels and kids crying because their parents won’t get them what they want. When shopping online, consumers can sit down, have a coffee, and wear their slippers, not have to worry about their hair or parking and just click through sale after sale. Comparison shopping couldn’t be any easier. And thanks to courier companies（速递公司）getting in on the act, you never need wait longer than a day or two to get those all important purchases delivered right to your door. No wonder so many companies are shaking their heads at traditional advertising and instead looking to the ―virtual‖ world to attract online shoppers. 1．The underlined word ―leery‖ means______． A．satisfied B．hopeful C．distrustful
2．______ leads to consumers’ trust in online shopping. A．Shopping law C．Internet access B．Shopping security
3．Which group of words would the writer use to describe current Internet shopping? A．Adventurous, enjoyable, fast, unreal. C．Safe, convenient, fast, comfortable. B．Unsafe, cheap, slow, convenient. D．Reliable, popular, convenient, slow.
When Shakespeare was twenty-one, he went to London to try his fortune in that great city, and a very interesting place was the London of his day. There was the famous London Bridge and St. Paul’s Cathedral, and palaces and markets and long streets full of shops. Then, too, there were the daily crowds where people from all over the world could be seen. Knights，scholars and
the highwayman (拦路强盗）or thief，who had been infamous for his clever robberies, passed by each other.
Here, also, were noblemen dressed in gold, from Italy and Spain and France; slaves from Spanish America, sea captains and ministers, soldiers and servants—all held by chance or interest within the gray walls which circled London, and whose gates gave welcome to as strange a crowd as could be found in the world. Into this curious crowd came Shakespeare, quick to see and eager to learn. And before long all these strange sights were as familiar to him as the faces of his own town’s residents. Each one told its story to him so plainly that, as before he had learned the secrets of the fields and woods, so now he learned men and men’s interests that make up the great world. And he learned these lessons so well that when he came to write his plays, he made such use of them as no writer ever made before or since; for it is the use of this knowledge of the world, combined with his own genius, that makes Shakespeare the greatest dramatist that has ever lived. 4．What was London like in Shakespeare’s eyes when he first went there? A．Strange and interesting. C．Infamous and terrible. B．Dirty and small. D．Familiar and modern.
5．Which of the following best describes Shakespeare? A．Shakespeare got inspiration to write from his hometown, London. B．Shakespeare was eager to make friends with the noblemen in London. C．Shakespeare became the greatest dramatist owing to his own genius. D．Shakespeare was good at observing and learning from the daily life. 6． What does the word“one”in paragraph 5 refer to? A．Face. B．Sight. C． Crowd. D．Resident
7． The passage probably comes from______． A．a poster B．an advertisement C．a textbook. C China is going green. In order to reduce air pollution and oil shortages, automobile manufacturers have announced their plans to develop hybrid vehicles (混合燃料汽车) for the Chinese market.Toyota's hybrid car Prius will be ready to drive in China this week. Let's have a look at the new car. Any vehicle is a hybrid when it combines two or more sources of power. Hybrid cars run off a rechargeable battery and gasoline. Hybrid cars have special engines, which are smaller than traditional gasoline engines. They run at 99 percent of their power when the car is cruising (匀速行驶). A specially designed battery motor provides extra power for running up hills or when extra acceleration is needed. Step into a Prius, and turn on the engine. The first thing you notice is how much quieter it is than a traditional car. At this point, the car's gasoline engine is dormant (休眠). The electric motor will provide power until the car reaches about 24 km/h. If you stay at a low speed, you are effectively driving an electric car, with no gasoline being used, and no waste gas gives off. The onboard（车载的）computer makes the decision about when to use a gas engine, when to go electric, and when to use a combination of the two. If you go over 24 km/h, when you step on the gas pedal（油门）, you are actually telling the computer how fast you want to go. D．an announcement
The electronic motor recharges automatically using a set of batteries. When driving at high speed, the gasoline engine not only powers the car, but also charges the batteries. Any time you use the brake, the electric motor in the wheels will work like a generator and produce electricity to recharge the batteries. As a consequence, the car's batteries will last for around 200,000 miles. 8．The author writes this passage mainly to______． A．teach people how to drive a hybrid car B．show how to save their gasoline when driving a car C．introduce a new kind of "green" car D．announce plans to develop hybrid vehicles for China 9．The first sentence probably refers to ______． A．there will be more and more green land in China B．China has started producing environmentally friendly cars C．China's new cars are combinations of different green models D．China is still young and lacking experience 10．What is the most important feature of hybrid cars? A．They have smaller engines than traditional gasoline ones. B．They are much quieter than traditional cars. C．They only use 99 percent of their power to run up hills. D．They are powered by both a rechargeable battery and gasoline. 11．What can we conclude from the story? A．The gasoline engine charges the batteries as well as powers the car. B．Using the brake suggests that the gasoline engine should work. C．The batteries can be recharged at any time you want. D．The batteries will last for 200, 000 miles without being recharged.
As we know, many teen celebrities(名人)feel and think that having a slimmer figure can do great good to them. B ut, does size really matter? Are teenage fans trying hard to become like their celebrity idols(偶像)? Do celebrities really have the power to influence people, especially teenagers? For the longest time, many parents blame teen idols for influencing the way their kids act. Have you noticed how teens idolize the celebrities these days? Even, their personal affairs are being followed by kids these days. Take for example the case of Lindsay Lohan of Mary Kate Ashley. They are definitely famous teen stars. But, since they are trying to project an image to satisfy a lot of people in show business, their health and body suffer. Many kids are aware of this problem. But they are easily influenced by these celebrities to exercise and eat less . It is a fact that the media, and especially famous teen celebrities, can influence people powerfully. But teenagers are easily influenced because teenage years are the period when our personality and identity developments take place. Teens watching TV shows and reading magazines are easily pulled into the dieting and harmful eating habits because the media have some ways to pull these acts. They use thin models and celebrities to endorse(做广告宣传) products or to star in an up-and-coming shows or movies. With fierce competition, celebrities are forced to eat less and do extreme exercise routines to get the roles or offers that come their way.
Living in today’s time and generation is a bit disturbing to a lot of parents. Media, especially as well as the celebrities, have a very powerful influence to drive teenagers to good or bad. It’s good that we can control ourselves to avoid bad thing s from happening. If not, parents shoul d really be aware and guide their teens to determine what’s in ad what’s out. 12．From the passage we can find Lindsay Lohan ______． A．lives a rich and happy life C．doesn’t get any exercise B．lives an unhealthy lifestyle D．sets a good example for teenagers
13．According to the writer, why are teenagers easily influenced by some TV shows? A．They are tired of school . B．Their celebrity idols appear in many TV shows.
C．They have nothing to do in their spare time. D．They’re in their development period. 14．Many celebrities have to be on diet ______． A．to survive under pressure C．to keep a slim size 15．What’s the title of the passage? A．Parents’ responsibilities. C．Media’s bad influences. 第二节（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 A new report says plastics are responsible for $13 billion in damage to the oceans and the undersea environment. The findings were announced recently at a United Nations conference．16. _______ Plastic thrown away carelessly makes its way into rivers and other waterways. 17. _______After a while, it collects in the sea. And plastic never goes away. Plastic is not biodegradable—destroyed by bacteria or natural processes. Instead, it just breaks up into smaller pieces over time. The oceans contain a lot of chemicals and other pollutants. 18. _______That means harmful material may get into our food supply. 19._______Human beings cause pollution and they can take steps to stop it. They can use fewer single use product containers and throw plastics away correctly. Plastic recycling programs also works—where old bottles and other plastics are collected, broken down and used to make new products. We could reuse bottles in our households many times if we wish to, rather than end it after the first use. We could, when we get rid of that plastic, recycle it and reuse it, which replaces the need for raw materials. The report also calls on companies to improve methods for using plastics. 20. _______And it calls for information about the way plastic is thrown out or removed from use. By putting a new value on plastic, industry has a special reason to clean up the environment. But all of the companies must join to deal with the problem. A．Then, fish may eat the plastics. B．It asks for them to better measure and direct plastic use. C．The plastic eventually reaches coastal areas and ocean waters. D．The report tells about harm to sea life and what might be done to improve the situation. B．Advice on self-control. D．Bad influences of celebrities. B．to keep healthy to face competition D．to satisfy their teenage fans
E．Plastics should be gathered together and reused. F．But people can make a big difference. G．It is convenient to use plastic bags in everyday life.
第二部分:语言知识运用（共两节, 满分 45 分)
[来源:学 &科 &网 Z&X&X&K]
第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后面各题所给的四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 When I was thirteen, my family moved from Boston to Tucson, Arizona. 21 the move, my father 22 us in the livingroom on a freezing January night. My sisters and I sa t around the fire, not 23 that the universe would suddenly change its course.―In May, we're 24 to Arizona.‖ The words, so small, didn't seem 25 enough to hold my new life. But the world changed and I awoke on a train moving across the country. I watched the 26 change from green trees to flat dusty plains to high mountains as I saw strange new plants that 27 mysteries yet to come. Finally, we arrived and 28 into our new home. 29 my older sisters were sad at the loss of friends, I 30 explored our new surroundings. One afternoon, I was out exploring 31 and saw a new kind of cactus(仙人掌). I crouched (蹲) down for a closer look.―You'd better not 32 that.‖ I turned around to see an old woman. ―Are you new to this neighborhood?‖ I explained that I was, 33 , new to the entire state. ―My name is Ina Thorne. Have you got used to life in the 34 ？ It must be quite a 35 after living in Boston.‖ How could I explain how I 36 the desert? I couldn't seem to find the right words. ―It's vastness,‖ she offered.“That vastness 37 you stand on the mountains overlooking the desert—you can 38 how little you are in comparison with the world. 39 , you feel that the possibilities are limitless.‖ That was it. That was the feeling I'd had ever since I'd first seen the mountains of my new home. Again, my 40 would change with just a few simple words. ―Would you like to come to my home tomorrow? Someone should teach you which plant you should and shouldn't touch.‖ 21．A. During 22．A. gathered 23．A .hoping 24．A. going 25．A. good 26．A. picture 27．A. suggested 28．A. settled 29．A. If 30．A. bitterly 31．A. as well 32．A. move 33．A. of course 34．A. desert 35．A. luck B．Until B．warned B．admitting B．moving B．simple B．ground B．solved B．walked B．After B．easily B．as usual B．dig B．in fact B．city B．doubt C．Upon C．organized C．realizing C．driving C．big C．scene C．discovered C．hurried C．Once C．proudly C．right away C．pull C．after all C．state C．shock D．Before D．comforted D．believing D．flying D．proper D．area D．explained D．stepped D．While D．eagerly D．on time D．touch D．at least D．country D．danger
36．A. found 37．A. why 38．A. prove 39．A. However 40．A. idea
B．examined B．when B．guess B．Otherwise B．life
C．watched C．how C．sense C．Therefore C．home
D．reached D．where D．expect D．Meanwhile D．family
第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个恰当的词或者括号中词语 的正确形式填空，并将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。 In the last 500 years, several million people 41.________ ( kill ) by earthquakes. Among all the earthquakes, the 1976 Tangshan Earthquake is regarded as the 42. ________ (deadly) one in the twentieth century. On July 28，1976, 43.________terrible earthquake of 7.8 magnitude(级) hit Tangshan City, Hebei Province. In just one second, the city 44. ________one million people was destroyed. The earthquake was so strong 45.________even Beijing and Tianjin were seriously affected. The shock was felt in 14 provinces and cities—onethird of the country. The earthquake took place at midnight. Most people could not take any 46. ________ (act). Over 240, 000 people were killed and about 170, 000 were seriously injured. Wa ter supplies, communications and traffic were 47. ________ (complete) cut off. The people there needed help immediately, 48. ________they could not wait for help to arrive. They formed groups to dig for others. They set up medical areas and tents. They searched for food and clean water. Recovery was not easy with so much disaster. Yet, afte r a lot of care was given in time, the rebuilding of Tangshan began almost immediately. 49. ________ it took time，the whole city was rebuilt and is again home for over a million people, 50.________(earn) Tangshan the name ―Brave City of China‖.
写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节：短文改错 （共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处言错误，每句 中最多两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在此处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出修改的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改: 在错的词下划一横线，并在其下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 11 处起）不计分。
Dear Abby, How are you? I’ve got a wonderful news to tell you. I have offered a schoolarship at a university in Australia for my
further education. One hundred and twenty student took exams for it, but only a few were chosen and I was one of them. Therefore, my parents are not happy about it. They are strong against my going there. They say it is too far away that they will not see me for a whole year and they are afraid that I will feel alone. They can’t imagine a girl so young live alone. They advised me to study in the capital instead. Then I’ll be able to continue living with them. How can I persuade them to accept the fact I have grown up? Best wishes, Jane 第二节： 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假设你是星光中学的李华，将参加主题为“Let’s ride bicycles”的英语演讲比赛活动。请撰写一份演讲稿，主要 内容：1.目前汽车带来的空气污染和交通堵塞问题 2.骑自行车的益处，如节能环保，有利健康等 参考词汇:
low-carbon life energy-saving
Good morning, everyone, I’m Li Hua from Xing Guang Middle school . The topic of my speech is ―Let’s ride bicycles‖.
梅州市 2017 届三校联考高二英语参考答案 一．阅读理解（40 分）
1—5 CBCAD 二．完形填空（30 分） 21．D 解析：由本段的最后一句―In May，we're...to Arizona‖可知答案。before―在……之前‖。 22．A 解析：句意：搬家之前，在一月份的一个冰冷的夜晚，父亲把我们召集到起居室里。 gather―(使)聚集，集合‖。 23． C 解析：句意：姐姐们和我坐在炉火旁，没有意识到我们的生活将会发生巨大的改变。realize 表示 ―认识到；意识到‖。 24．B 解析：由本段中―my family moved from Boston to Tucson‖可知。 25．C 解析：句意：搬家这个字眼太小，无法包容我的新生活的全部内容。big 表示―(体积、程度、数量 等)大的，巨大的‖，与上文的 so small 相对。 26．C 解析：―我‖ 注视着列车窗外的―景色‖变换。scene―景色，风景‖。 27．A 解析：景色的变化暗示着作者生活的变化。suggest 表示―暗示；表明‖。 28．A 解析：句意：我们终于抵达了目的地，迁入了我们的新居。settle in/into sth.表示―迁入新居，并安 顿下来‖。 29．D 解析：姐姐们在为失去朋友而伤心的时候。 while 引导时间状语从句，表示―当……的时候‖。 30．D 解析：根据上文中的 mysteries 和下文的 explored 可知，句意：我急切地想探索新的居住环境。 31．B 解析：句意：一天下午，我像往常一样外出查看周围环境。as usual―照例；和平常或往常一样‖。 32．D 解析：仙人掌上有刺，所以这位老妇人提醒作者不要触摸它。touch―触摸；触到‖。 33．B 解析：句意：―你对邻近的地方不熟悉吗？‖我解释说不熟悉，但事实上我对整个地区都不熟悉。in fact 用作插入语，表示―事实是；实际上‖。 34．A 解析：根据下文―How could I explain how I．..the desert‖可知。 35．C 解析：从繁华的大都市波士顿搬迁到荒凉的沙漠小镇图森，巨大的反差自然使孩子们感到震惊。 shock―震惊；震骇；令人震惊的事‖。 36． A 解析：句意： 我如何向她说明我对沙漠的看法呢？根据下文所提供的情境―I couldn't seem to find the right words‖可知，作者找不到合适的词语来描述对沙漠的看法。 37．B 解析：由句意可知，when 引导时间状语从句。 38．C 解析：句意：当你站在高山之巅，俯瞰沙漠，你能感觉到与整个世界相比，自己是多么的渺小。 sense 表示―感觉，感知；觉察，意识到‖。 39．D 解析：句意：同时，你感觉到机会是无限的。 40．B 解析：句意：仅仅因为这几句简短的话语，我的生活将会发生变化。 三．语法填空（15 分） 语篇解读：1976 年唐山大地震过后，幸存者在废墟中没有坐以待毙，而是迅速自发组织起来，进行自救、重 建家园的工作，唐山因此获得―中国勇敢城市‖的美称。 41．have been killed 46．actions 四．短文改错（10 分） Dear Abby, How are you? I’ve got＼ a wonderful news to tell you. I have∧offered a schoolarship at a university in been Australia for my further education.One hundred and twenty student took exams for it, but only a few were students 42．deadliest 47．completely 43．a 48．but 44．with 45．that 49．Though/Although 50．earning
chosen and I was one of them.Therefore, my parents are not happy about it. They are strong against my However strongly going there. They say it is too far away that they will not see me for a whole year and they are afraid that I so will feel alone .They can’t imagine a girl so young live alone. They advised me to st udy in the capital lonely living advise instead. Then I’ll be able to continue living with them. How can I persuade them to accept the fact∧I have that grown up? Best wishes, Jane 五．书面表达（25 分）
Good morning, everyone, I’m Li Hua from Xing Guang Middle school . The top ic of my speech is ―Let’s ride bicycles‖ . As is known to all, with the improvement of people’s living standards , cars have become a popular means of transport ,bringing great convenience to our life .However , they have also caused some problems such as air pollution and traffic jams . How can we solve the problems then ? As far as I am concerned , riding bicycles is a good solution .For one thing, bicycles don’t need any petrol and they are energy–saving . For another , bicycles are environmentally friendly because they won’t give off waste gas .What’s more , riding bicycles is a good way for us to exercise and it is beneficial to our health . Therefore, let’s take the responsibility to build up a low-carbon city by riding bicycles. Come on and join us ! Thank you!