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高一英语必修 2 第三单元短语和知识点归纳和总结 一、重点短语归纳和总结 1. have something in _________ 和??有共同之处 2. comman ______ 惯例 3. from ______ on 从现在起 4. from ______ on 从那时起 5. as a _______ of 作为??的结果 6. with the _______ that 结果是 7. result ___________ 由??造成;因??而产生 8. result ____________ 引起(某种结果) ;使获得(某种结果) 9. solve a _________ 猜字谜 10. reach a goal =__________ a goal = ___________ a goal 实现目标 of great value= be very ___________ be of no value= be ______________ be of great use = be very _____________ be of no use =be __________ be of great interest = be very __________ be of no interest = be _______________ 12. make the best of =make the __________ of 充分利用= take full __________ of 13. come ____________ 实现;成为现实 14. give ________ (to sb. ) 成交; 交上; 屈服; 让步 15. give __________ 分发; 发出气味热等;发表公布;耗尽;筋疲力尽 16. give _________ doing sth. 放弃;不再做?? 17. in the way= in __________ way 挡道;妨碍 18. in ________ way 用这种方法 19. in _________ way 绝不 20. by _________ of 经由; 通过??方式 21. by the _______ 顺便提一下; 另外 22. with one’ help = with _____ ______ of 在??的帮助下 23. do with 常与连接代词_________ 连用; deal with 常与连接副词________ 连用。 24. watch ______ 期待;等候 25. ________ out 注意;小心(用于提醒某人) 26. go ______ 走过;经过 27. so ??_________ ??如此;以至于 28. _________ sth. with sb. 与某人分享某物 29. as __________ as 也;和;既??又?? 30. __________ high quality 高质量的 31. human _______ 人类 32. _______ fact 事实上; 实际上 33. ________ a way 在某种程度上 34. _______ all 毕竟 35. deal _______ 处理; 对付 36. watch __________ 看守;监视 1. common 2. practice 3. now 4. then 5. result 6. result 7. from 8. in 9. puzzle 10. obtain=achieve 11. valuable valueless useful useless interesting uninteresting 12. most advantage 13. true 14. in 15. out 16. up 17. one’s 18. this 19. no 20. way 21. way 22. the help 23. what how 24. for 25. watch 26. by 27. that 28. share 29. well 30. of 31. race 32. in 33. in 34. after 35. with 36. over

二、课本知识点归纳和总结 1. look after 照顾,照料=care for 2. need=want=require 需要 need doing =need to be done 3. a good environment and safety 需要好的环境与安全 4. as a result 结果 5. endangered 濒危的 6. die out 灭绝 die off 相继死去 die of 表示死的原因, die 后既可接介词 of, 也可接 from, 两者的区别是: 一、若死因存在于人体之上或之内(主要指疾病、衰老等自身的原因),一般用介词 of。如: die of illness (heart trouble, cancer, a fever, etc) 死于疾病 (心脏病,癌症,发烧等) 二、若死因不是存在人体之内或之上,而是由环境造成的(主要指事故等方面的外部原因), 一般用介词 from 。 如: die from an earthquake (a traffic accident, a lightning, a stroke, etc) 死于地震(交通事故,雷击等) 三、 若死因是环境影响到体内, 即两方面共有的原因, 则可用 of, from 均可。 如: die of [from] a drink ( a wound, overwork, starvation, hunger and cold, etc) 死于饮酒(受伤, 劳累过度, 饥饿, 饥寒等) 但是在实际运用中,两者混用的情况较多。 7. a report on sth 一个关于??的报告 8. too much 后加名词,much too 后加 adj 或 adv. too much dust 太多灰尘 9. remain to be seen 有待于拭目以待 10. in peace 处于和平状态 没有 in the peace, 没有 in peace of 这样的表达 11. know of = know about 知道了解 12. in danger of 面临危险 13. had always longed to do sth. always 总是,这是完成时的标志。by +时间, since 都是 完成时的标志。 14. wake up 睡醒 15. a flying carpet 一个飞毯 16. take sb. to sp. 带某人去某地 17. at once 立刻,马上 18. fly away 飞走了 19. see an antelope looking sad see sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事 20. make sweaters 制作毛衣 21. so ??that 如此??以至于 22. next minute 用作连词,表示转眼间 23. turn around 转身 24. take my photo 照相 25. in relief 如释重负,松了口气 26. burst into laughter 突然大笑起来 27. used to do sth. 通常干某事 28. without mercy 毫无仁慈 have mercy on sb. 对某人又仁慈之心 29. only a certain number of sth. 只有少数的某物 only+单个主语不倒装, only + 状语或状 语从句放于句首时, 倒装主语,不倒装从句。 30. suggest 一是表“建议” ,二是表“表明” 。suggest doing 建议干某事 表建议:可接 that 宾语从句,that 从句用 should+动词原形,should 可以省略.

She suggested that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她建议班会不要在星期 六举行. 表"暗示、表明"的意思.其主语往往是事物,而不是人. 1)接名词或动名词作宾语. The simple house suggested a modest income. 这座简朴的房子表明(房主的)收入并不高. Her pale face suggested bad health. 她脸色苍白,看来身体不好. The thought of summer suggests swimming. 一想到夏天就使人们联想到游泳. 31. news 不可数名词, 一条新闻 a piece of news 32. protect sb. from sth. 保护某人免受某事 protect sb. from doing sth. prevent sb. from doing sth= stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人干某事=keep sb. from doing sth. 33. mosquitoes 复数形式+es 34. over my body 遍及全身 35. affect=have an effect on 影响 36. pay more attention to 更多注意 37. appreciate doing sth. 欣赏,感激某事 I appreciate it if 其中 it 做形式宾语 38. no rainforest, no animals, no drugs. 没有雨林, 就没有动物,也就没有药物了。 39. disappear 系动词,无被动语态,不用于进行时 40. do harm to sth. 对某物有害 be harmful to sth. 对某物有害,注意介词一定用 to. 41. sell well 很畅销,完成时态:has sold very well 42. go down to 下降到 43. tens of thousands of 成千上万的 44. come into being 开始形成,产生 45. a number of 许多的 后加可数名词的复数形式 46. not only but also 不但??而且 47. in such a short time 在如此短的时间 48. according to 根据,按照 49. some reason 某个原因= a certain reason 某个原因 50. survive sth. 经历??得以幸存 survive the earthquake, accident, rainstorm 等

Once, lately at night, an Englishman came out of his room into a passage of the hotel and ask the servant to bring her a glass of water. The servant did like he was asked. The Englishman returned his room, and a few minutes later he came into the passage again and once more asked the servant a glass of water. Every a few minutes the Englishman would come out of his room and repeated his request. After half an hour the astonishing servant decided to ask the man what he was doing with the water. "Nothing," answered him calmly. "It's simply that the room is on fire.


The most widespread fallacy(谬论)of all is that colds are caused by cold. They are not. They are caused by viruses passing on from person to person. You catch a cold by coming into contact, directly or indirectly, with someone who already has one. If cold causes colds, it would be reasonable to expect the Eskimos to suffer from them forever. But they do not. And in isolated arctic regions explorers have reported people are free from colds until they come into contact again with infected people from the outside world by way of packages and mails dropped from airplanes. During the First World War soldiers who spent long periods in the trenches (战壕) , cold and wet, showed no increased tendency to catch colds. In the Second World War prisoners at the Auschwitz concentration camp, naked and starving, were astonished to find that they seldom had colds. At the Common Cold Research Unit in England, volunteers took part in experiments in which they gave themselves to the discomforts of being cold and wet for long stretches of time. After taking hot baths, they put on bathing suits, allowed themselves to be with cold water, and then stood about dripping wet in a drafty(通风良 好的)room. Some wore wet socks all day while others exercised in the rain until close to exhaustion. Not one of the volunteers came down with a cold unless a cold virus was actually dropped in his nose. If, then, cold and wet have nothing to do with catching colds, why are they more frequent in the winter?Despite the most pains-taking research, no one has yet found the answer. One explanation offered by scientists is that people tend to stay together indoors more in cold weather than at other times, and this makes it easier for cold viruses to be passed on. 31. The writer offered _______ examples to support his argument. A. 4 B. 5 C. 6 D. 7

32. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. The Eskimos suffer from colds from time to time. B. Colds are not always caused by cold. C. People suffer from colds just because they like to stay indoors. D. A person may catch a cold by touching someone who already has one. 33. Arctic explorers may catch colds when they are _______.


A. working in the isolated arctic regions B. writing reports in terribly cold weather C. free from work in the isolated arctic regions D. coming into touch again with the outside world 34. Volunteers taking part in the experiments in the Common Cold Research Unit _______. A. suffered a lot C. often caught colds 35. The passage mainly discusses _______. A. the experiments on the common cold B. the fallacy about the common cold B. never caught colds D. became very strong

C. the reason and the way people catch colds D. the continued spread of common colds

通知 1.假如你校学生会(Students’ Union)要举办一次英语演讲比赛(contest),请你用英语写一 篇书面通知,以便张贴到布告栏上。通知须包括以下内容: 1.比赛目的:提高学生的英语口语水平 2.比赛时间:2002 年 11 月 20 日下午 4 点 3.比赛地 点:四楼阶梯教室(auditorium)4.评比办法:由五位老师做评委其中包括 Mr.Smith5.奖项 设置:一等奖 1 名,二等奖 3 名,三等奖 5 名 6.报名办法:到各班班长处报名 注意:1.不要逐条翻译说明内容,通知必须用短文的形式;2.词数 100 个单词左右。

【参考范文】 NOTICE In order to improve the students’ spoken English, an English speaking contest will be held by the school Students’ Union in the auditorium on the fourth floor at 4:00 p.m. on November 20,2002.Five teachers, including Mr.Smith, have been invited to be judges. One first prize, three second prizes and five third prizes will be given to the excellent speakers. Anyone who is willing to take part in the contest, please go to your monitor and sign your name for it. All are welcome to be present at the contest. Students’ Union




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