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2012年版前景使用英语综合教程一unit+5+digital+age


综合教程 1

Unit 5 Digital Age

Unit 5

Digital Age

Unit 5

Digital Age

Part A
Lead in Text Exercise

Part B
Le

ad in Text Exercise

Part C
Phonetics Grammar Writing Functions and Notions Workshop

Part A

Lead in

Task 1

Task 2

Task 3

Part A

Lead in

Task 1 Study the pictures and discuss the questions below in small groups. Use the words given below if necessary.

1. 2. 3.

How much do you know about the product in the first picture?
Cues: iPhone, cellphone, Apple

Do you read stories or play games on a digital reading device?
Cues: iPad, convenient, traditional

Do you know any other digital reading devices? Give some examples.
Cues: Amazon Kindle, Sony Reader

Part A

Lead in

Task 1 Study the pictures and discuss the questions below in small groups. Use the words given below if necessary.

1.

How much do you know about the product in the first picture?
a. It’s an iPhone. It’s a fashionable cellphone. b. I don’t know anything about it.

2.

Do you read stories or play games on a digital reading device?
a. Yes, I like to read stories every day on a digital reading device, such as an iPad. It’s very convenient. b. No, I prefer traditional books.

3.

Do you know any other digital reading devices? Give some examples.
Amazon Kindle, Sony Reader, WeFound, etc.

Part A

Lead in

Task 2 Listen to the following short dialogues and fill in the blanks. Dialogue 1 A: Sandy, you have an iPad, right? B: Yeah. considering A: May I have a look? I’m ____________ buying one. No problem B: ______________. Here it is. A: Wow…beautiful. I like this color. B: It is my __________ color. favorite A: What can you do with it? B: I can read books, watch movies, listen to music, play games, and surf ________ the Internet.

Part A

Lead in

Task 2 Listen to the following short dialogues and fill in the blanks. Dialogue 2 A: You’ve been sitting before the computer for hours. What are you doing? preparing B: I’m _____________ for tomorrow’s presentation in class. A: Oh. Is it done? headache B: Not yet. It’s a huge ____________ for me. A: What’s the matter? slides B: I want to make the _________ look better but I don’t know how. what A: Well, __________ you present and how you present it are more important. B: Maybe you are right.

Part A

Lead in

Task 3 Discuss the following questions.

1. Which one do you prefer, traditional textbooks or e-books?
Cues: convenient, information, media platform, understanding

2. What do you think of the future of digital learning technology?
Cues: useful and helpful for study, price

Part A

Lead in

Task 3 Discuss the following questions. 1. Which one do you prefer, traditional textbooks or e-books?
a. I prefer e-books, because they are convenient and can provide much more instant information for students. b. I prefer traditional textbooks, because I will not feel so easily tired when reading them. Besides, I can understand better the knowledge contained.

2. What do you think of the future of digital learning technology?
a. I think its prospect is great, because it’s really useful and helpful for student learning. b. I don’t think it’ll be popular because some e-readers are still too expensive for most students.

Part A

Text

Can College Students Learn as Well on iPads?

Compared with traditional textbooks, the iPad and other digital reading devices are likely to save on textbook costs in the long term, to provide students with more and better information faster, and — no small matter — to lighten the college student’s backpack.

Part A

Text

There’s a lot to like about digital learning. Santa Clara University student Christopher Paschal, 19, for

example, appreciated the search function in his
economics e-textbook, and said the included video clips offered “a new method of learning,” and got rid of “the

monotony of endless pages of reading.”


Part A

Text

… But finally, “I feel that I understand materials better in

regular textbooks,” Paschal says. Why? For college
students, it’s more difficult to look at a computer screen when you’re tired, he says, and harder to concentrate

when Facebook, YouTube and e-mail are just a click
away.

Part A

Text

Though many of those problems are being or have been solved, some students aren’t quite ready to use the devices for academic purposes. And some educational experts suggest the choices offered by the new technology may be making it harder to learn rather than easier.

Part A

Text

It may simply be that the technology is still unfamiliar. While e-readers have taken off in the leisurereading market, publishers have been slower to jump into the education market. Reasons are different but one challenge for publishers is that reading for the purpose of gaining knowledge is more complex than reading for pleasure.



Part A

Text

… “Usually in a novel you’re going through it from start to finish. In a textbook you’re constantly flipping back and

forth. You’re all over the book a lot more often,” says
Matt Lilek, 22, a computer science major at Joliet Junior College in Illinois.

Part A

Text

Even so, expectations remain high for e-reader technology on campuses. Some universities plan to give

iPads to freshmen. At a recent ceremony, each member of
the UC Irvine School of Medicine’s incoming class received not only the traditional white coat, but also a

new iPad, pre-loaded with everything necessary for the
first year of course work.

Part A

Text

Scores of others, including Reed College and North Carolina State University, plan to offer opportunities for

students to test-drive iPads. And two-thirds of campus
technology chiefs predicted last fall that e-books will become an “important platform for instructional resources” within five years, according to the Campus Computing Project.

Part A

Text

Publishers, meanwhile, have big ideas for student learning. “That’s the great promise,” says Don Kilburn, president of Pearson Learning Solutions, a publisher of education materials.

Part A

Text

More

faults

are perhaps inevitable. “represent

But very

the real

technological

developments

opportunity to remake education for the better,” says Kaplan’s Olson. “The possibility for the textbook to come alive with interactivity will make the next several years of e-book innovation interesting to watch.” (450 words)

Part A

Text

Translation

大学生使用苹果平板电脑、电子书能学好吗?
与传统的教材相比,苹果平板电脑(iPad)及其他数码 阅读器从长远来看可能会节约教材成本,为学生提供更多 更好更快捷的信息,还可以减轻学生的背包重量——这点

也是不小的功劳。

Part A

Text

Translation

数字化学习有很多令人喜爱之处。 比如,圣塔克拉 拉大学的一位19岁大学生克里斯多夫?帕斯夏就很欣赏他的

经济学电子课本的搜索功能,他还说里面的视频剪辑提供
了?一种新的学习方法?,而且避免了?逐页文字阅读的 单调性?。 ......

Part A

Text

Translation

......
但最后他又说:?我觉得读传统教材会理解得更好.”为什 么呢? 对于大学生来说,疲惫的时候看电脑屏幕是困难 的,而且,看脸谱网(Facebook)、视频网(YouTube)和电 子邮件只是弹指一键的事,因此也很难专注。

Part A
Part A Text

Text
translation

Translation

尽管很多问题正在或已经解决,一些学生还没完全准

备好将这些设备用于学习。有些教育专家认为这种新技术
带来的选择也许会使学习变得更难而非更易。

Part A

Text

Translation

原因可能就是人们对这技术不熟悉,尚未普及。电子 阅读器在休闲阅读市场已经流行起来,而出版商进入教育 市场的脚步却还很慢。原因各种各样,但出版商面临的一 个挑战就是,学习型阅读比娱乐型阅读要难。 ......

Part A

Text

Translation

......

?通常,读小说可以一口气从头读到尾。看教材则要不断
地翻前翻后,而且要翻很多次。? 22岁的马特?利雷特说 道.他是位于伊利诺斯州的乔利埃特初级学院的一名计算 机科学专业生。

Part A

Text

Translation

即便如此,人们对于电子阅览技术应用于大学的期望 仍然很高。有些大学打算给大一新生发放iPad。加州大学 欧文分校医学院的新生在近期的开学典礼上,不但领了传 统的白色衣袍,还领了iPad,里面已预先载入了第一年课 程学习所需的资料。

Part A
Part A Text

Text
translation

Translation

包括里德学院和北卡罗来纳州大学在内的其他几十所 大学也计划让学生体验一下iPad。根据信息化校园计划, 三分之二的大学里的技术主管去年秋季预言说,电子读物 在5年之内会成为?一个重要的教学资源平台?。

Part A
Part A Text

Text
translation

Translation

出版商们对于学生的学习也动了大念头呢。 ?那个 发展前景很好。? 教育资料出版社——皮尔森学习方案 集团的董事长唐?桥本说。

Part A

Text
translation

Translation

Part A Text

也许不可避免地会出现更多缺陷,但是技术发展?提 供了一次真正改善教育的机会?,卡普兰?奥尔森说,?未 来几年,电子教科书可能会变得活灵活现,且具备互动性,

非常值得关注。?

Part A

Text

Language Points

device n. a piece of equipment that has been designed to do a particular job

e.g. My father has fitted a device to his car which opens the garage door automatically. 父亲在车上装了一个能自动开启车库门的装置。 My friend invented a device that automatically closes windows when it rains. 我朋友发明一种装置,可以使窗户在下雨时自动关闭。

Part A

Text

Language Points

in the long term over a long period of time e.g. In the short term we expected to lose money on this book, but in the long term we hope to make profits. 短期来说,我们在这本书上可能要赔钱,但长远来说我们有 希望赚大钱。 We should cut our expense in the long term. 我们必须长期削减开支。

Part A

Text

Language Points

lighten v. to reduce the amount of work, debt, worry, etc. that somebody has; to become or make something become brighter

e.g. I took some of the parcels from her to lighten her load.

我从她那儿拿过来几包东西以减轻她的负担。
The measures will lighten the tax burden on small businesses.

这些措施将减轻小型企业的纳税负担。

Part A

Text
clip

Language Points

n.

a short part of a film/movie that is shown separately

e.g. They showed a clip from her new film on TV last night.

昨晚他们在电视上播放了她新片子的片段。
The clip was recorded on a digital video camera.

这段影像被录制在一个数码相机上。

Part A

Text

Language Points

monotony n. being boring; lack of variety

e.g. They broke the monotony of the weary journey with songs and jokes. 他们唱歌或说笑话使这个令人疲惫的旅程不至于单调乏味。 She watches television to relieve the monotony of everyday life. 她天天靠看电视来解闷儿。

Part A

Text

Language Points

concentrate v. to give all your attention to something without thinking about anything else

e.g. I can’t concentrate with all that noise going on. 吵闹声不绝于耳,我无法集中精神。 This year the company has concentrated on improving its efficiency. 这家公司今年已经把力量集中在提高效率方面。

Part A

Text

Language Points

take off (of an idea, a product, etc.) to begin to become popular, successful, or well-known

e.g. The design first took off in American colleges.
这种式样首先在美国大学里流行起来。

It was at this point that her acting career really took off.
正是从这个时候起,她的表演事业真正开始走红了。

Part A

Text

Language Points

jump into to enter eagerly into an activity e.g. We jumped into the discussion right away. 我们立即积极参加讨论。 We want to encourage students to jump into the running of the college. 我们想鼓励学生参与学院的管理工作。

Part A

Text

Language Points

complex a. difficult to understand, explain, or deal with

e.g. What he said was too complex for me to understand.
他说的太复杂了,我不理解。 Can you solve the complex problem? 你能解决这个复杂的问题吗?

Part A

Text
flip

Language Points

v.

to turn over into a different position with a sudden quick movement

e.g. The phone book is indexed alphabetically, so you may flip instantly to any number you wish. 由于电话号码簿按字母顺序作了索引,你可以立即翻到你所要的 号码。

She flipped through the magazine looking for the letters page.
她浏览杂志寻找读者来信页。

Part A

Text

Language Points

back and forth from one place to another and back again repeatedly e.g. He paced back and forth in his room. 他在房间里来回踱步。 They discussed it back and forth, without getting very far. 他们反复地讨论,没有很大进展。

Part A

Text

Language Points

You’re all over the book a lot more often You spend a lot more time reading the book.

Part A

Text

Language Points

test-drive v. to use something for a time to see if it is useful, if one likes it, etc.; to drive a vehicle that you are thinking of buying so that you can see how well it works and if you like it

e.g. Tom could hardly wait to test-drive his new computer. 汤姆等不急要马上试试他的新电脑。 Why not test-drive the new BMW? 为什么不试驾一下这辆新宝马?

Part A

Text

Language Points

predict v. to say that something will happen in the future

e.g. The fortune-teller predicted that I would marry a doctor. 算命先生预言我会同一位医生结婚。 It is impossible to predict what will happen. 预知未来的事情是不可能的。

Part A

Text

Language Points

platform n. an opportunity or a place for somebody to express their opinions or make progress in a particular area

e.g. She used the newspaper column as a platform for her feminist view. 她以报纸专栏为平台,宣传她的女权主义观点。

Television should provide a platform for the customer’s viewpoint.
电视应当为顾客提供发表意见的机会。

Part A

Text

Language Points

solution n. a way of solving a problem or dealing with a difficult situation

e.g. The solutions to the questions are at the back of the book. 习题解答见书后。

We bought a second car; it was the solution to all our problems.
我们又买了一辆汽车,它解决了我们所有的问题。

Part A

Text

Language Points

inevitable a. e.g. unable to be avoided or prevented from happening Death is inevitable; it comes to everyone. 死亡无可避免,它要降临到每个人头上。 Given the current financial situation, it was inevitable that the pound would be devalued. 鉴于当前的金融形势,英镑贬值是不可避免的。

Part A

Text

Language Points

The possibility for the textbook to… interesting to watch.

With e-book innovations, the textbook might become interactive and thus lively, so it will be interesting to watch what will happen in the next several years.

Part A

Text

Language Points

come alive to become interesting and exciting e.g. The game came alive in the second half. 比赛在下半场变得有看头了。 The man in the picture came alive as the artist worked. 画家画着画着,画中人就渐渐显得栩栩如生了。

Part A

Text

Language Points

innovation n. the introduction of new ideas, methods of doing something

e.g.

Necessity was the mother of innovation.
需要是创新之母。 The key to innovation is the talents. 创新的关键是人才。

Part A

Exercises

Task 1 Task 5 Task 2 Task 6 Task 3 Task 7 Task 4

Part A

Exercises

Task 1 Read the text again and answer the following questions.

1.

In what ways are digital reading devices better than traditional textbooks?
Digital reading devices can save costs, provide more and better information, and lighten students’ backpack.

2.

Why does Paschal understand materials better in regular textbooks?
Because it’s difficult to look at a computer screen and harder to concentrate with the Internet resources being just a click away.

Part A

Exercises

Task 1 Read the text again and answer the following questions. 3. Why have the publishers been slower to jump into the education market?
Reading for the purpose of gaining knowledge is more complex than reading for pleasure.

4.

According to paragraph 5, what did the freshmen in UC Irvine School of Medicine receive?
They received not just the traditional white coat but also a new iPad.

5.

What’s the possibility of e-book innovation according to Kaplan’s Olson?
It is possible that the textbook will come alive with interactivity.

Part A

Exercises

Task 2 Identify the key words or main ideas of the following paragraphs
advantages _________________ of digital reading devices concentrate It’s harder for students _________________

Paragraph 1: Paragraph2: Problem 1 Paragraph 4: Problem 2

inconvenient It’s ________________ for students to flip an e-textbook. expectations High ________________ for campus use of digital learning technology

Paragraph 5:

Part A

Exercises

Task 3 Fill in the puzzle spaces with the words from Text A
according to the explanations given below.
Across 1. to reduce the amount of work, debt, worry, etc. that somebody has 4. a piece of equipment that has been designed to do a particular job 8. a way of solving a problem or dealing with a difficult situation 9. to give all your attention to something and not think about anything else 10. an opportunity or a place for somebody to express their opinions or make progress in a particular area Down 2. unable to be avoided or prevented from happening 3. to say that something will happen in the future 5. lack of variety 6. the introduction of new ideas, methods of doing something 7. difficult to understand, explain, or deal with

1.lighten 2.inevitable 3.predict 4.device 5.monotony 6.innovation 7.complex 8.solution 9.concentrate 10. platform

Part A

Exercises

Task 4 Complete the following sentences with the words from Task 3. Change the word forms if necessary.
solution 1. It seems to be the best _________ to this problem.

2. It is difficult to ________what life will be like in the future. predict 3. The __________of his voice sent me to sleep. monotony 4. This contest offers __________ a for the students to platform practice their speaking. 5. The engineer whom we met yesterday had worked out a new device automatic________.

Part A

Exercises

Task 4 Complete the following sentences with the words from Task 3. Change the word forms if necessary. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.
lighten It will _______ the basket if we take out the potatoes.

I can’t ___________ on my work when I’m tired. concentrate
complex It is a _________ problem and it is not easy to find a solution.

Each of us is active in technical __________. innovation Failure was __________ because they were too careless. inevitable

Part A

Exercises

Task 5 Complete the sentences using derivatives (派生词) of the words in the box. Change the word forms if necessary.

1. 2. 3.

concentration I lost my _____________ and nearly drove into a bridge last night.

The local government is trying to ________ the problem of waste solve disposal. She looks very _______ but I can’t remember her name. familiar
prediction It’s difficult to make accurate _________ about the effects on the environment. inevitably He was, __________ , upset when his girlfriend left, but he soon got over it.

4.
5.

Part A
Task 6 Model 1:

Exercises

Rewrite the following sentences after the models.

1.

Because the girl was frightened by the noise, she didn’t dare to sleep in her room. Frightened by the noise, the girl didn’t dare to sleep in her room. When the baby was left to itself in the room, he began to cry. Left to itself in the room, the baby began to cry. If these seeds are grown in rich soil, they can grow fast. Grown in rich soil, these seeds can grow fast.

2. 3.

Part A

Exercises

Task 6 Rewrite the following sentences after the models. Model 2:

1.

She says, “I’ll never forget the moment.” She says that she’ll never forget the moment. He said, “I have studied English since I was a boy.” He said he had studied English since he was a boy. She said, “I read the book while I was waiting for a bus.” She said she had read the book while she was waiting for a bus.

2. 3.

Part A

Exercises

Task 7 Translate the following sentences into English, paying attention to the highlighted parts.
1.这并不是什么大不了的事,但是 长远来看那是有利可图的。 (in the long term) 2.外面太吵了,我们根本无法专心 听讲。(concentrate on) 1. It is not a big deal, but you can make profit in the long term. 2. It is so noisy outside that we cannot concentrate on the lecture at all. 3. Such a computer game takes off shortly on the campus. 4. He walked back and forth in the classroom, trying to define a topic for his speech. 5. When he stayed with his girlfriend, his mind seemed to come alive.

3.这种电脑游戏很快就在校园里流 行起来。(take off)
4.他在教室里来回踱步,试图确定 演讲题目。(back and forth) 5.每当他跟女友在一起时,他的思 维似乎就变得活跃了。 (come alive)

Part B

Lead in

Task 1

Task 2

Part B
passage.

Lead in

Task 1 Listen to the recording, and complete the following

Before you (1) _________ your application to a virtual university, download
a couple of there are (2) ______________ things you should know.

Unlike traditional campuses, online education programs (3)
rely on _________ the Internet as the primary mode of communication. discussion Lectures are taught through downloadable materials, (4) __________ software forums, and Web-based (5) ___________ that supplement print

textbooks purchased for each class. …

Part B
Task 1

Lead in

Listen to the recording, and complete the following passage.


Online universities are (6) _______ on the idea that people can get built access to the Internet anywhere at any time. While most online schools
higher are (7) _______ institutions of (8) _______ learning, the Internet has lawful
dishonest made it easy for (9) _________ people to promote unreal schools.

Therefore, you should do your research, check and double check if a
speak school is right, and ask to (10) ________ with a few students and/or

teachers before enrolling.

Part B

Lead in

Task 2 Discuss the following questions with your partner about the Internet.

1.

What are your reasons to surf the Internet?
Cues: communicate with friends; interact with

online pen pals; find useful information

2.

What do you think of online language learning programs?
Cues: useful, interact in real time with people;
convenient, gain access to language materials

Part B

Lead in

Task 2 Discuss the following questions with your partner about the Internet. 1. What are your reasons to surf the Internet?
a. I surf the Internet to communicate with my family and friends who are away from me.

b. I surf the Internet to find useful information for my study and life.

2.

What do you think of online language learning programs?
a. They are very useful since they allow us to interact in real time with people in other countries and communicate with online pen pals. b. I like these programs because I can gain access to a lot of audio or video language materials.

Part B

Text

The Web Way to Learn a Language
The young woman seated next to us at the restaurant

had an exotic air; her looks and style, we thought, made it
likely that she was not American born. But then she spoke in perfect American English, even ending her sentences in a way many young Californians do.

Part B

Text

As it turns out, however, she wasn’t from these parts after all; she was born in Iran and spoke only Persian until her arrival here two years ago. How, we wondered,

had she learned English so well? “I used Rosetta Stone,”
she said. The yellow box sold at shops is an example of PC-based language learning (rosettastone.com), but it

certainly isn’t the only one.

Part B

Text

With the growth of broadband networks, companies
have introduced a wide range of Internet-based language learning products, both free and fee-based, that allow students to interact in real time with teachers in other countries, gain access to their lesson plans wherever they

are in the world, and communicate with virtual pen pals.

Part B

Text

Learning a language sometimes seems as difficult as dieting. The solution is to figure out how to stay

interested after the novelty wears off. Online language
programs have introduced crossword puzzles, interactive videos and other games to reward users for making progress.

Part B

Text

How do you choose which program to use? “Sites with human contact work best,” a language professor in

Australia said. “This shows the advantage of humans
compared to computers.”

Part B

Text

One of RosettaStone’s main competitors, Tell Me More (tellmemore.com) believes it has an advantage because its

software not only teaches words and phrases, but includes videos showing students how to shape their mouths to create difficult sounds. The British Broadcasting Corporation (bbc.com/languages) offers varying levels of instruction for 36 languages, with features including audio and video playback and translation. Besides, simpler version of these programs may be used on smartphones and other digital devices.

Part B

Text

All these represent new trends in the web way of learning languages. Make use one or more of these new

programs and you will learn languages more effectively.

(341 words)

Part B

Text

Translation

互联网在线语言学习
坐在我们餐桌旁的年轻妇人具有异国风情;从其 外貌与风格看来,她很可能不是土生土长的美国人。 但她却说一口流利的美国英语,甚至她每句话结束的

方式都和许多加利福尼亚年轻人一模一样。

Part B

Text

Translation

事实表明,她根本不是来自加利福尼亚;她出生 于伊朗,两年前来到美国,在此之前她只会讲波斯语。 但她的英语怎么说得这么好呢?我们对此很好奇。

?我使用‘如师通’?,她告诉我们。?如师通?这
种装在黄盒子中在商店出售的东西,是一种基于计算 机的语言学习软件,?如师通?绝不是这类软件中的 唯一。

Part B

Text

Translation

随着宽带互联网的发展,很多公司生产了大量互 联网在线语言学习产品,有的是免费的,有的则是收

费的。通过这些产品,学生可以实时地与其他国家的
老师交流。无论这些老师身在世界何处,学生都可进 入他们的课堂,并与网络上的虚拟笔友沟通。

Part B

Text

Translation

学习语言有时就和减肥一样困难。关键是如何在 最初的新鲜感消退后继续维持兴趣。在线语言学习软 件引入了纵横填字游戏、互动视频和其他游戏,来鼓 励学习者不断取得进步。

Part B

Text

Translation

那么,应该如何选择语言学习产品呢??那些可 进行人际交流的网站最有效?,一个澳大利亚的语言 教授如是说,?这些网站体现了计算机所无法具备的

人类的长处?。

Part B

Text

Translation

?外语任我行?是?如师通?的主要竞争者。它 的优势在于,其软件不仅教授词汇与短语,它的各种 视频还能向学生展示如何通过改变口形进行正确的发

音。英国广播公司(BBC)能为36门语言提供不同层
次的语言学习指导,BBC制作了大量可重复播放、带 有译文的音频或视频专题节目。而且,简化版的网络 学习课程可以在智能手机或其他数码设备上应用。

Part B

Text

Translation

以上这些产品代表了互联网在线语言学习的新趋 势。使用以上一种或几种新产品,你便能更有效地学 习语言。

Part B

Text

Language Points

The young woman seated next to us at the restaurant had an exotic air The young woman who was seated next to us at the restaurant seemed to be from a foreign country.

Part B

Text

Language Points

exotic a. seeming exciting and unusual because it is connected with foreign countries

e.g. Hawaii is an exotic tropical island. 夏威夷是一个有异国风情的热带岛屿。 She travels to all kinds of exotic locations all over the world. 她走遍了全世界各种具有奇异风情的地方。

Part B

Text

Language Points

air n. the particular feeling or impression that is given by sb. or sth.; the way sb. does sth.

e.g. The room had an air of luxury.
房间具有豪华的气派。 She looked at him with a defiant air. 她用蔑视的神情望着他。

Part B

Text

Language Points

turn out
to be discovered to be; to prove to be

e.g. It turns out that he was never there.
结果表明他从未到那儿去过。

It turned out that she was a friend of my sister.
她原来是我姐姐的朋友。

Part B

Text

Language Points

Rosetta Stone 罗塞塔石碑,原指一块制作于公元前196年的大理石石碑,其 上刻有埃及国王托勒密五世(Ptolemy V)的诏书。由于这块石碑 刻有希腊文字、古埃及文字和当时的通俗体文字三种不同语言的诏 书,使得近代的考古学家得以解读出已经失传千余年的埃及象形文。 本文中的RosettaStone(中译名“如师通”)指的是一款非常受 欢迎的语言学习软件,由美国Rosetta Stone语言科技公司1993年 研制。“罗塞塔石碑”也被用来比喻解决一个谜题或难题的关键线 索或工具。

Part B

Text

Language Points

range n. e.g. the limits between which sth. varies Most of the students are in the 17-20 age range. 大多数学生都是在17至20岁的年龄范围内。 It is difficult to find a house in our price range. 在我们的价格范围以内,很难找到房子。

Part B

Text

Language Points

interact v. to communicate with sb., especially while you work, play or spend time with them

e.g. Teachers have a limited amount of time to interact with each child. 教师和每个孩子沟通的时间有限。 The children interacted and played together. 孩子们一起交谈玩耍。

Part B

Text

Language Points

access (to) n. the opportunity or right to use sth. or to see sb. /sth.

e.g. Students have free access to the library’s scientific literature. 学生有免费使用图书馆科学文献的机会。 You need a password to get access to the computer system. 使用这个计算机系统需要口令。

Part B

Text

Language Points

virtual a. made to appear to exist by the use of computer

e.g. New technology has enabled development of an online “virtual library”. 新技术已经使在线“虚拟图书馆”的发展成为可能。 Many countries have develped “virtual banks”. 很多国家发展了“虚拟银行”。

Part B

Text

Language Points

figure out to think about sb./sth. until you understand them/it e.g. I can’t figure out why he said that. 我弄不懂他为什么要说那句话。 I just can’t figure her out; she is a mystery to me. 我简直摸不透她,她对我是个谜。

Part B

Text

Language Points

novelty n. the quality of being new, different and interesting

e.g. After the novelty of washing dishes wore off, she did not want to do it anymore. 洗盘子工作的新奇感消失之后,她就不再想干了。 There is a certain novelty value in this approach. 这种方法有一定的新意

Part B

Text

Language Points

wear off to gradually disappear or stop e.g. The effects of the drug will soon wear off.
Part B Text Language points

这麻醉药品的作用将很快消失。 The novelty will wear off. 新鲜感会慢慢消失。

Part B

Text

Language Points

interactive a. that allows information to be passed continuously and in both directions between a computer and the person who uses it

e.g. There are all kinds of interactive videos on this website.
这个网站上有各种交互式视频。 The interactive help program teaches you how to use the computer by going through the steps yourself. 交互式帮助程序通过你自己完成一些步骤来教你如何使用计算机。

Part B

Text

Language Points

contact
n. e.g. the act of communicating with sb., especially regularly Have you kept in contact with any of your friends from college? 你和你大学里的朋友还保持联系吗? There is little contact between these two organizations. 这两个机构相互之间没有什么联系。

Part B

Text

Language Points

Tell Me More “外语任我行”,由总部设在法国巴黎的欧佳龙公司(Auralog) 经过20多年的研究开发的一种在线语言学习解决方案,是世界上第一 款将语音识别技术应用到外语学习的产品,拥有全球最佳的语音识别 技术。该方案包括7种语言,分别为美语、英语、法语、德语、西班

牙语、意大利语、荷兰语。

Part B

Text

Language Points

The British Broadcasting Corporation
英国广播公司,简称BBC,是英国一家由政府资助但独立运作

的公共媒体, BBC一直垄断着英国的电视、电台。今天BBC除了是
一家在全球拥有高知名度的媒体,还提供其他各种服务,包括书籍 出版、报刊、英语教学、交响乐团和互联网新闻服务。

Part B

Text
trend

Language Points

n.

a general direction in which a situation is changing or developing

e.g.

Can anything be done to reverse this trend?
有什么办法扭转这种倾向吗? There is a growing trend towards earlier retirement. 提早退休者有增加的趋势。

Part B

Exercises

Task 1

Task 2

Part B
Task 1

Exercises

Choose the best answer for each question according to Text B.

1.

Which of the following statements is true about the young woman seated next to us at the restaurant?

A. She could speak American English as well as young
Californians. B. Her looks and style showed that she was a native American. C. She was actually from California. D. She could not speak Persian.

Part B
Task 1

Exercises

Choose the best answer for each question according to Text B.

2.

What are RosettaStone and TellMeMore?

A. They are training courses on smartphones.
B. They are network companies. Corporation. D. They are Internet-based language learning products. C. They are branches of the British Broadcasting

Part B
Task 1

Exercises

Choose the best answer for each question according to Text B.

3.

Which of the following is NOT true about Internet-based language learning products?

A. They allow students to interact in real time with teachers all over the world.
B. They are all free.

C. Some of them are fee-based.
D. They allow students to communicate with virtual pen pals.

Part B

Exercises

Task 2 Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F) according to Text B. 1. The young Iranian woman ended her sentences as many young Californians do. ( )

2.
3. 4. 5.

RosettaStone is the only PC-based language learning product. (
Sometimes it is difficult to stay interested in a language for a long time . ( ) Those online language learning programs which allow people to contact with each other work best. ( ) One advantage of TellMeMore is that its software teaches words and phrases. ( )

)

Part C Phonetics

Stop Consonants

Stop Consonants

Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Part C Phonetics

Stop Consonants

Stop Consonants
爆破音包括[p],[b]; [t],[d];[k],[g] [p] 清音双唇音。 舌位:舌身自然放平于口腔内; 唇形:双唇紧闭,这样将气流挡在口 腔内,在形成一定气流压之后猛张双 唇 , 气 流 爆发 而 出 , 形 成 [p] 音 , 声 带 不振动。 [b] 浊音双唇音; 舌位:[b]的舌位同[p]一样; 唇形同[p]一样,声带振动。 [t] 清辅音,齿龈音。 舌位:舌尖抵住上齿龈,然后放开,使 气流爆破而出,吐气较强; 唇位:微开;声带不振动。

[d] 浊辅音,齿龈音,闭塞爆破音。 舌位:舌尖抵住下齿 ,然后放开,让 气流爆破而出,吐气较弱; 唇位:微开;声带振动。 [k] 清辅音,软颚,爆破音。 舌位:舌后位向上升,抵住软颚,然 后放开,使气流爆破而出,吐气较 强; 唇形:自然张开;声带不振动。 [g] 浊辅音,软颚,爆破音。 舌位同[[k],吐气较弱;声带振动。

Part C Phonetics
Task 1

Stop Consonants

Listen and circle the word you hear.

1. 2.

A. tears A. dug

B. tick B. dot

C. Tom C. do

D. teacher D. dull

3.
4. 5.

A. her
A. mud A. keep

B. hit
B. mother B. kick

C. how
C. more C. king

D. hide
D. mate D. kind

6.

A. bike

B. bee

C. button

D. big

Part C Phonetics
Task 2

Stop Consonants

Listen and practice the sentences you hear.

1.

The cook is going to take six eggs and break them.

2.
3. 4.

Their garden is full of pigs and goats!
Pat, post this parcel at the Post Office opposite the pet-shop. Bob brought some bread and butter.

5.
6.

Coffee tastes sweet.
Did Doris decide, or did Dan?

Part C Phonetics
Task 3 Read, listen and improve.

Stop Consonants

Clouds
White sheep, white sheep, On a blue hill, When the wind stops You all stand still. When the wind blows You walk away slow, White sheep, white sheep Where do you go?

Tongue Twisters A. Where are you going, big pig, big pig? I am going to dig in the garden. In the garden to dig! Disgraceful pig! B. Feet, take me east, Feet, take me west; Feet, take me home again To tea and let me rest.

Part C

Grammar

介词

介词

Task 1

Task 2

Part C
介词

Grammar

介词

一、介词简介 介词属于虚词,不能单独在句子中充当成分,只能与名词、代词、形容 词等构成复合结构来充当句子成分。英语中的介词可以分为三类:简单 介词、合成介词与成语介词。
about, across, after, against, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beside, besides, between, beyond, but, by, during, except, for, from, in, like, of, off, on, over, near, since, through, till, to towards, under, until, up, with, via inside, into, onto, out of, outside, throughout, upon, within, without according to, along with, apart from, as to, because of, in front of, in spite of, instead of, in accordance with, owing to, together with, with regard to, prior to

简单介词

合成介词
成语介词

Part C

Grammar

介词

二、介词搭配常见错误
on表示有接触的“在上面”,over与under分 别表示“在正上方”,“在正下方”,above 与 below 分 别 表 示 泛 指 “在 上方 ”, “ 在 下 方”。 He lives on. 表示时间或地点,需要根据最小的时间或地点 (on应改为at) 单位来选择介词。 It was very kind for you to help 在以it作形式主语而以形容词作表语的句子中, me repair my computer. 如该介词的宾语做主语时句子正确则用of,否 (for应改为of) 则用for.
A few birds were flying on the sea. (on应改为over)

as 表 示 “ 作 为 什 么 ” , 而 for 表 示 “ 因 为 什 么”。 He went to the restaurant for for可以用来表示某人的目的,但后面不能接having a drink. ing形式,而只能接名词。
Yaoming is well known in for a basketball player. (for应改为as) (for having应改为to have) He was born in the morning of July 16th. (in应改为on)

表示泛指在早上、下午、傍晚、晚上用介词in, 表示某一天的早上、下午等则用on,如果指今 天下午、明天早上等则不需要介词。

Part C

Grammar

介词

二、介词搭配常见错误
表示某物对某人来说熟悉后不熟悉用介词to, 表 示某人都某物熟悉或不熟悉用介词with。 Her composition is good except Except表示“除了之外…没有”, 后面接名词、 two grammar mistakes. 代词、不定式或从句,except for后面只能接名 (except应改为 except for) 词代词,当句中所指的前后两个同类成分时用 except, 否则用except for, besides则表示“除 了…还有”。 He learned all the courses well 表示“尽管”时可用in spite of 或despite。
This name is familiar with me. (with应改为 to) despite of having to do part time jobs every day. (despite of应改为despite) At seeing his mother, the child couldn’t help crying. (at应改为 on)

表示“一… 就,一般用介词on后面加动词的现 在分词的形式。 He is a pleasure to work. 不定式作后置定语时,如果被修饰的名词是在意 (work应改为 work with) 义上是该不定式的宾语时,如果不定式是不及物 动词,则必须在后面加介词。 Working in a Fortune 500 表示“超越,为….所不能及”时,一般用介词 company has always above his beyond。
wildest dreams. (above应改为beyond)

Part C

Grammar

介词

Task 1 Choose the right answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. 1. The street was empty ______ some cars. A. except B. besides C. rather than D. except for 2. Our flight will arrive at Shenzhen Bao’an International Airport ______ tomorrow morning. A. at B. on C. X D. in 3. ______ realizing his mistakes, he phoned Mike to make an apology to him. A. As B. In C. At D. On 4. I am quite familiar ______ this old song. A. with B. to C. at D. upon 5. He came to the meeting ______ his illness. A. despite of B. besides C. despite D. in spite

Part C

Grammar

介词

Task 1 Choose the right answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. 6. It was very easy ______ him to pass the final examination. A. of B. for C. by D. on 7. They got married ______ January 1st, 2011. A. in B. by C. at D. on 8. The peak of this mountain is 3000 meters ______ sea level. A. above B. over C. on D. upon 9. All the students in this class passed the Mathematics exam ______ the exception of Jerry. A. on B. for C. with D. for 10. Life will always be ______ a large extent what we ourselves make it. A. to B. within C. by D. at

Part C

Grammar

介词

Task 2 Each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct and try to correct it. 1. His illness may result in the heavy air pollution caused by a nearby A B C D chemical plant. result from 2. This young man is interested and capable of the work his boss has A B C asked him to do. interested in D 3. This old teacher objects against punishing a whole class for one A B C D student’s fault.
to

Part C

Grammar

介词

Task 2 Each sentence has four underlined words or phrases. Identify the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed in order for the sentence to be correct and try to correct it. 4. In some cases, different approaches of the same scientific problem A B to lead to conflicting theories. C D 5. Hanson looked forward to the time when he could be financially A B C independent from his parents. D
independent of

Part C

Functions and Notions

Agreeing and Disagreeing

Task 1

Task 2

Part C

Functions and Notions
Agreeing and Disagreeing

The following are some common expressions for agreeing and disagreeing.
Agreeing (Informal) I absolutely agree. There is no doubt about it. I couldn’t agree more. I suppose so. I think you are right there. That’s just what I was thinking. Oh, exactly. That’s very true. Agreeing (Formal) I agree entirely with your view. I don’t think anyone would disagree. I’m of exactly the same idea (as you). That’s just my own opinion. I think I’d accept your view on that.

Part C

Functions and Notions
Agreeing and Disagreeing

The following are some common expressions for agreeing and disagreeing. Disagreeing (Formal) I see things rather differently. Disagreeing (Informal) myself. I can’t accept that. Well, I am not convinced. I don’t agree. I’m afraid I entirely disagree I think you are mistaken. to … I wouldn’t say that. Personally, I’d tend to agree That’s not how I see it. with... I’m afraid I can’t agree. Well, my own opinion is Are you kidding? (that)… You must be joking. I’m afraid I have a different That’s ridiculous. opinion. You can’t be serious.

Part C

Functions and Notions

Task 1 Listen to the recordings and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Dialogue 1 A: Hi, Mary.
excited B: Hi, Peter. You look _________. online A: I have made a girlfriend _________. serious B: Really? You can’t be ___________.

A: This girl is nice and pretty.
hide B: Many people dating online often ______ their true natures.

A: But there are successful examples. B: Perhaps, but how many?

Part C

Functions and Notions

Task 1 Listen to the recordings and fill in the blanks with what you hear. Dialogue 2 A: Hi, John. Have a look at what I have just bought on the Internet. B: They are really nice. Do you often shop online? convenient A: Yes, very often. It is very _____________, isn’t it? couldn’t agree more B: I ____________________. The Internet can help us in many ways in life. That’s true A: ___________. I love it so much. I buy most of my things on the Internet. some traps B: But sometimes we have to be careful. There could be ___________ on the Internet. what I was thinking A: That’s just _________________. I am quite careful in choosing the online shops. B: Everything has two sides.

Part C

Functions and Notions

Task 2 Make a conversation according to the following situation, using expressions for agreeing and disagreeing.

You and your roommates are talking about if computer games are good for middle school students.

A sample has been given for your reference.

Part C

Functions and Notions

Task 2 Make a conversation according to the following situation, using expressions for agreeing and disagreeing. Sample: A: What’s your opinion on computer games? B: I don’t think they are good to middle school students. A: I agree with you. Many students waste a lot of time on computer games. B: We have to do something to solve this problem. A: We should control their time on computer games. B: Mmm, I suppose so. But you can’t stop them from thinking about the games. A: Then maybe we can encourage them to develop some other hobbies. B: Exactly.

Part C

Writing

Comparison and Contrast Email Task 1 Task 2 Task 3

Part C

Writing

Writing for General Purposes: Developing Paragraphs by Comparison and Contrast

Before doing the exercise, read the guidelines to writing skills in the following box, as this may be of some help to you. Writing Strategy
We use comparison and contrast to set out the similarities and
differences of two things as a basis for further discussion. When we compare one thing with another, we focus on the similarities between two items; when we contrast one thing with another, we show

differences. There are two different ways of presenting similarities or
differences: the subject-by-subject pattern and the point-by-point pattern. The following forms show the two patterns of presenting similarities and differences:

Part C

Writing

Writing for General Purposes: Developing Paragraphs by Comparison and Contrast

Subject-by-Subject Pattern Topic Sentence A: 1. 2. 3. B: 1. 2. 3.

Point-by-Point Pattern Topic Sentence A1. B1. A2. B2. A3. B3. ; . ; .

. ; .

; .

; ; .

Part C

Writing

Task 1 Read Text A again and try to complete the following form.

Subject-by-Subject Pattern
like Topic Sentence: There is a lot to _____ about digital reading devices. Digital Reading Devices A: ________________________

1. Saving on textbook ________ in the long term costs 2. Providing students with _______________ information _______ more and better faster
Lightening 3. ____________ student’s backpack

B: ____________________ Traditional Textbooks
High 1. _____ cost of textbooks for each school term Monotony 2. _____________ of endless pages reading loaded 3. Student’s backpack ________ with many paper textbooks

Part C

Writing

Task 2 Text A centers on the innovation of digital reading devices. Now write a paragraph introducing a change of technology in our daily life. Remember to use comparison and contrast to show the advantages of the new technology.
A sample has been written for your reference.

Part C

Writing

A sample has been written for your reference.

Before Internet and mobile phone came out, people’s communication depended on post and public telephone which were expensive and inconvenient. People had to wait several days to receive a letter through the post. My grandparents remember having to wait in line to use the public phones. Because using a telephone was expensive and many people could not afford, they seldom called friends and family. Today, using Internet and mobile phone is cheap, fast and easy. Almost everyone has an email address and a mobile phone. We can call our friends or family anytime we want and send an email with just a click. In addition, the Internet allows friends and family to talk to and even see each other.

Part C

Writing

Writing for Specific Purposes: Email

Task 3

Julia and Jenny are talking about a birthday party for their friend Mike. Julia writes an email to inform one of Mike’s friends. Now read the conversation between Julia and Jenny and then complete the email below following the instruction.

Part C
From:

Writing

Name of the sender Name of the recipient Name of another recipient who is also expected to receive the email Name of another recipient who is also expected to receive the email, but without being known by other recipients listed in “TO:” or “CC:”

To:
Cc: Bcc:

Subject: Subject of the email

Part C

Writing

Suggested Answers:

From:
To: Cc: Bcc:

Julia Clayton <juliac@abc.com> Adam Parsons <adamp@xyz.com> Adam Parsons <adamp@xyz.com>

Surprise Party

Subject:

Part C
Adam Dear ______,

Writing

birthday party I would like to invite you to a _____________ for our friend, Mike. It is a surprise birthday party so don’t let on to him any information. Forward this information to as many of Mike’s friends that you think he would like to see at the party. Just let me know how many will actually come. The information is down below. January 8th at 8 p.m. at Apartment 20, Building 5, McNaughton Road. ________________________________________________________

Bring _______________ and anything else you would like to contribute a gift for Mike in the way of food and drink. See you soon.
Julia ______

Part C
I

Workshop

Knowing About the Courses Background Search engines, online chatting tools, email systems, and online dictionaries are some of the common Internet tools in our daily life. Students more or less have experiences in using them. II Task Please make group discussions about how to effectively use these Internet tools to improve study and make a presentation to your classmates.

Part C

Workshop

III

Process

Step 1: Form small teams with 5-6 people. Step 2: Discuss the following topics: a. How do you use various Internet tools to assist study? b. What difficulties have you met in using these tools? c. What is the most important benefit in using these tools? … Step 3:Make an oral presentation in class.


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