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【全程复习方略】2015年高考英语 语法集训过关 名词性从句(含解析)


语法集训过关(三) 名词性从句
Ⅰ. 单项填空 1. (2014·重庆模拟)Life is A. which B. where happens to you while you’re busy making other plans. C. what D. when I got a new job in Beijing. D. because

2. The reason why I didn’t go to Shanghai was A. that 3. B. why surprised me most was C. which

such a little boy of seven could play the violin so well. B. What; that D. What; which

A. That; what C. That; which

4. (2014·温岭模拟)If you often feel tired and can’t focus your attention, that is you have to stop studying too hard and to have a rest. A. because B. whether C. when D. what he parked his car that night. D. when stone walls are used instead of

5. (2014·浙大附中模拟)I remember well that is A. where B. why C. in which

6. (原创)Stone is strong and can not be rotten. That is fences around New England fields. A. why B. because C. that

D. what

7. At that time, it seemed A. even though C. which 8. His success was because of A. that C. the fact that

I couldn’t think of the right word to comfort her broken heart. B. as if D. so that he had been working hard. B. the fact which D. the fact

9. (2014·宁波模拟)Anyone who applies for the position must meet the requirement he or she should have a good command of English. A. which B. whether C. how D. that

10. Three days later, word came A. which B. when

our country had sent up another man-made satellite. C. that D. where
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11. (2014·桐乡模拟)Evidence came up young as 6 months old. A. what B. which

specific speech sounds are recognized by babies as

C. that

D. whose

12. I have no idea A. if

or not he has finished the papers assigned by our teacher. B. that C. whether D. which

13. News has been put forward universities. A. while 14. A. It; that C. This; that 15. (2014·成都模拟) since ancient times. A. It 16. B. What B. when is a fact

more middle school graduates will be admitted into

C. that

D. as

quite a few people in China are growing rich on their hard work. B. It; which D. That; that is known to us all is that the Diaoyu Islands have belonged to China

C. As

D. That

the PX project will be called off depends, for it still needs more research and

discussion. A. That 17. A. It 18. It is uncertain patients have taken it. A. that C. how B. what D. whether we have the term “food culture”. is on our tables. B. Whether C. Where D. What

made his mother angry that the boy didn’t take medicine. B. What C. That D. Which

side effect the medicine will bring about, although about two thousand

19. (2014·嘉兴模拟)Eating is so important to Chinese But recent reports have the public worried about A. what; that C. that; which 20. You can’t imagine A. how they were excited C. how excited were they

B. which; that D. that; what when they received these nice Christmas presents. B. how excited they were D. they were how excited
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21.

is expected, according to the online survey, is

the price of housing will

not go up any more. A. As; what C. What; that 22. They discussed A. if B. It; that D. What; which they could settle the problem without others’ help. B. that C. what D. whether problems arise from our work and life.

23. We should get prepared for dealing with A. any C. whatever 24. It was not until dark A. that; what C. when; what

B. whichever D. however he found he thought was the correct way to solve the problem. B. that; that D. when; that you

25. (2014·合肥模拟)If you wake up at 3: 00 a. m. , don’t count sheep. Instead, focus on can feel and touch. A. that Ⅱ. 任务型阅读 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个 最恰当的单词。 .. 注意: 每个空格只填一个单词。 B. how C. whether D. what

Women are avoiding academic careers in math-intensive fields because the lifestyle is not consistent with motherhood, researchers at Cornell University found in a study to be published next month in American Scientist Magazine. Universities have long been criticized for hiring and evaluation policies that discriminate against women, but the findings of this new study point to the female biological clock as a main reason why so few women end up as professors in fields such as math, engineering, physics and computer science. A woman who wants a family looks at the tough path to a tenured(终身的)position and considers how old she will be before she can start a family and how little time she will have to raise her children. Many of those women choose a more flexible career. “Universities have been largely inflexible ab out anything other than the standard timetable, which means you’ll have to struggle for years and only then would you consider getting pregnant(怀
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孕的), ”said Wendy Williams, a human development professor at Cornell who co-authored the study with her husband, Stephen Ceci. Williams and Ceci analyzed data about the academic careers of men and women with and without children. Before women became mothers, they had careers equal to or more successful than their male peers. But once they gave birth, the dynamic changed. Women in other academic fields such as the humanities and social sciences face similar problems and often leave academia as well. But because there are so many women in those Ph D programs, enough finally stay to amount to a critical mass of female professors. In math-heavy fields, however, women make up a tiny minority of the graduate students. So when the rare few who make it through a Ph D program leave because universities are not concerned about their needs as mothers at all, the net result is almost no women represented on faculty rosters(教师名单), the study said. Phenomenon Few women choose(1) General belief Reasons New engineering, physics and computer science(3) discovery of the female biological clock The(4) path an d the countless hours they need to devote to their because careers in math-intensive fields

The hiring and evaluation policies of universities don’t treat women(2) So few women end up as professors in fields such as math,

work make them give up Universities have been inflexible about anything(5) Supporting details timetable Before women became mothers, they had careers equal to or more(6) than their male peers. But after they had children, things changed Women in other academic fields are also(7) and leave academia as well with the same problem the standard

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The fact that the lifestyle of professors doesn’t(9)

with their

motherhood leads to their being unwilling to take up academic careers (8)_______ in math-intensive fields. Even if the rare few make it through a Ph D program, they leave in the end because universities don’t(10) about their needs as mothers 【语篇随练】多练一点 技高一筹 根据任务型阅读回答问题 1. How were the women’s careers before they gave birth to children?

2. Why women are avoiding academic careers in math-intensive fields?

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答案解析 Ⅰ. 1.【解析】选 C。考查表语从句。句意: 生活是当你忙着制订其他计划时所发生的事情。根据句子结 构, happens 是谓语动词, 空格处应是从句的主语, 因此不用副词 where 和 when。which 表示哪一个, 不 符合句意。 2. 【解析】选 A。考查表语从句。the reason(. . . )is/was that. . . , “??的原因是??”, 是 一个固定的表达结构, 这时的表语从句不用 why, because 或其他引导词。 3. 【解析】选 B。考查主语从句和表语从句。句意: 使我非常吃惊的是这么一个七岁的小男孩能把钢琴弹 得那么好。第一空是主语从句, 缺少主语, 用 what; 第二空是表语从句, 没有意义, 因此用 that。 4. 【解析】选 C。考查表语从句。句意: 如果你经常感到疲倦, 不能集中精力, 那就是你必须停止刻苦学 习好好休息的时候了。从句中不缺少主语、宾语或表语, 因此不用 what; because 表示原因; whether 是 否, 不符合句意。 5. 【解析】选 A。考查表语从句。句意: 我清楚地记得那天晚上他停车的地方。从句 he parked his car that night 中有时间, 因此不能选 D。C 项是定语从句引导词; why 与句意不符。所以选 A。 6. 【解析】选 A。考查表语从句。句意: 石头结实而且又不会腐烂。这就是为什么在新英格兰用石头墙而 不用栅栏的原因。why 引导表语从句, 从句内容是结果; because 引导表语从句, 从句内容是原因。that 的主语需是 reason; what 在从句中作主语或宾语, 但从句中不缺少主语和宾语。 7. 【解析】选 B。考查表语从句。句意: 当时, 我似乎怎么也想不出一个恰当的字眼来安慰她破碎的心。 even though 引导让步状语从句, 表示“虽然, 尽管”; which 哪一个; so that 引导结果状语从句或目的 状语从句; as if 似乎, 好像, 符合句意。 8. 【解析】选 C。考查同位语从句。句意: 他的成功是因为工作努力。because of 后只能跟名词、代词、 动名词或 what 从句, the fact 后应该跟 that 引导的同位语从句。 9.【解析】选 D。考查同位语从句。句意: 凡是申请这一岗位的人必须符合掌握英语这一要求。从句结构 完整不缺少句子成分, that 在从句中没有意义, 整个从句是对 requirement 的解释。 10. 【解析】选 C。考查分隔式同位语从句。句意: 三天后有消息说, 我们国家又发射了一颗人造卫星。 that 引导的同位语从句是对 word 的解释, 被 came 分开了。 11. 【解析】 选 C。 考查分隔式同位语从句。 句意: 六个月大的婴儿可以识别具体的语音这一证据被提出了。 evidence 后接同位语从句被 came up 分开了, 句子意思完整, 所以选 that。 12. 【解析】选 C。考查同位语从句。句意: 我不知道他是否完成了我们老师布置的论文。whether or not 是否, 是一个固定的用法, 其余连词不和 or not 连用。 13. 【解析】选 C。考查同位语从句。句意: 更多中学生将被允许进入大学的消息被提出了。that 引导的
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是 news 的同位语从句, 是对 news 的内容进行说明, 且 that 不作成分, “消息”的内容是??。 14. 【解析】选 A。考查主语从句。为了保持句子平衡, 经常用“it”作为形式主语, 放在句首, 而把真 正的主语从句放到后面。从句中结构完整, 因此不用连接代词 which。 15. 【解析】选 B。考查主语从句。分析题目结构可以看出, 题目中“ is known to us all”是句

子主语, 空格处缺少的是从句的连接词, 同时该连接词还在从句中作主语, 因此只能选择 what。 其余各项 均无此功能。 【加固训练】 We thought A. that strange that Tom did not come to school yesterday. B. it C. this D. what

【解析】选 B。考查形式宾语。句意: 汤姆昨天没来上学, 我们觉得很奇怪。it 作形式宾语, 其余选项无 此功能, that 从句是真正的宾语。 【拓展延伸】what, it, that 和 as 在句中的不同表达 众所周知, 中国是一个历史悠久的国家。 (1)what 主语从句的表达结构为: What is known to us all is that China is a country with a long history. (2)it 作形式主语的结构为: It is known to us all that China is a country with a long history. (3)that 引导的主语从句结构为: That China is a country with a long history is known to us. (4)as 引导的定语从句结构为: As is known to us, China is a country with a long history. 16.【解析】选 B。考查名词性从句。句意: PX 项目是否将被取消还不一定, 因为它还需要更多的研究和 讨论。whether 引导主语从句, 意为“是否”。 【加固训练】 is going to do the job will be decided by the Party committee. A. That B. Why C. How D. Who

【解析】选 D。考查主语从句。句意: 谁来做这项工作由党委会决定。空格后是谓语 is going to, 因此 空格处是从句的主语, A 不作成分; B 和 C 不作主语; 所以选 D。 17. 【解析】选 A。考查主语从句。句意: 那个男孩不吃药使得他妈妈很生气。it 作形式主语, that 从句 是真正的主语。其他选项没有作形式主语的用法。
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【拓展延伸】it 代替主语从句作形式主语的用法 ◇It + be +形容词+ that 从句 可用于此句型的形容词有: wonderful, true, good, right, wrong, (un)important, useless, surprising, clear, unusual, lucky, certain, necessary 等。 It is important that we(should)study hard. 注意: 该句型中的形容词是(un)important, necessary 等时, 从句应为(should+)动词原形。 ◇It + be + -ed 分词+ that 从句 适用该句型的过去分词主要有: said, reported, announced, hoped, thought, told, believed, expected, decided, suggested, known 等。 It is h oped that one day they will have enough animals to set them free. 注意: 该句型的过去分词是 suggested 时, 从句应为(should+)动词原形。 ◇It + be +名词(词组)+ that 从句 适用该句型的名词(词组)有: a pity, an honor, a good thing, a fact, a surprise, good news, one’s duty 等。 It is a fact that English is being accepted as an international language. ◇It +seems/appears/happens 的适当形式+that 从句。 该句型常可以转换成含不定式的简单句。 It seems that there is a big waste pipe coming down from the town. →There seems to be a big waste pipe coming down from the town. ◇It doesn’t matter(It’s no wonder; It doesn’t make much difference 等 )+

when/where/which/whether 等从句。 They are all classmates. It is no wonder they should help each other with their studies. 18.【解析】选 B。考查主语从句。句意: 尽管大约有两千名病人已经服用了这种药物, 但是它会产生什么 样的副作用现在还不能确定。根据句意可知应该选择 B 项引导主语从句。what 在这里实际上是作为形容词 来修饰后面的“side effect 副作用”。一起作从句中 bring about 的宾语。 19. 【解析】选 D。考查 so. . . that 句型和宾语从句。句意: 吃对于中国人来说如此重要以至于我们有 “饮食文化”这一说法。但最近的报道却使公众担忧我们餐桌上的东西。第一空是 so. . . that. . . 句 型; 第二空是宾语从句中的主语, 表示“??的东西”, 因此用 what。 20.【解析】选 B。考查宾语从句。句意: 你想象不出当他们收到那些精美的圣诞礼物时是多么激动。how 引导宾语从句表示感叹, 后跟所修饰的形容词或副词, 然后才是句子的主语和谓语。C 项是疑问语序, 所
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以不正确。 21. 【解析】选 C。考查名词性从句。句意: 根据网上的调查可知, 人们期望的是房价不再上涨。去掉插 入语 according to the online survey, 可知前面是主语从句, it 和 as 不引导主语从句, 所以排除 A、B 两项。第二个空后是表语从句, 表语从句句意完整, 不少成分, 所以用 that 引导, 故 C 为正确选项。 22.【解析】 选 D。 考查宾语从句。 句意: 他们讨论了没有其他人的帮助, 他们是否能解决这个问题。 discuss 后的宾语从句不用 if 引导, 只用 whether。what 在句中作主语、表语或宾语。 【拓展延伸】whether 与 if (1)whether 可与 or not 连用, 而 if 不可以。 I don’t know whether or not he will come. 我不知道他是否会来。 (2)引导主语从句, 在句首时用 whether, 而不用 if。 Whether you take part in or not the result will be the same. 你参不参加结果都是一样的。 Whether he will come is still a question. 他是否会来还是一个疑问。 (3)在介词后用 whether, 而不用 if。 It depends on whether he can solve the problem. 那取决于他能否解决这个问题。 (4)whether 可以与动词不定式连用。 He can’t decide whether to visit her or not. 他尚未决定是否去看她。 (5)在 discuss 等动词后, 只能用 whether。 (6)表示“如果”时用 if, 而不用 whether。 If it does n’t rain tomorrow, I will go to Chongqing. 如果明天不下雨, 我就去重庆。 23. 【解析】选 C。考查宾语从句。句意: 我们应该准备好处理我们生活和工作中出现的任何问题。根据 结构可知, 空格后是一个从句, 因此不用 any。however 不修饰名词; whichever 无论哪一个, whatever 无论什么。 24.【解析】选 A。考查强调句型和宾语从句。句意: 直到天黑他才发现他所想的是解决问题的正确方法。 第一个空是 not until 用于强调句, 构成 it is not until. . . that“直到??才”, 第二个空后的 he
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thought 是插入语, 将 he thought 删掉后可知宾语从句的主语缺失, 只能用 what 来充当主语, that 在名 词性从句中不充当成分。 25. 【解析】选 D。考查宾语从句。句意: 如果你凌晨三点醒来, 不要数羊以求入睡。相反, 专注于你能 感知和触摸到的事物。what 引导宾语从句, 在从句中充当 feel 和 touch 的宾语。 Ⅱ. 答案: 1. academic 2. fairly/equally 3. mainly/chiefly 4. tough 5. except/but 6. successful 7. faced 8. Conclusion 9. agree/correspond/consist 【语篇随练】 1. Their careers were equal to or more successful than their male peers’. 2. Because the lifestyle is not consistent with motherhood. /Because universities are not concerned about their needs as mothers at all. 10. care

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