tceic.com
简单学习网 让学习变简单
当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

非谓语动词作定语(讲)


非谓语动词作定语
高考对非谓语动词作定语的考查主要包括 以下几个方面的内容: 1.不定式作定语;
2.-ing分词作定语; 3.-ed分词作定语。

? 【典型例题】 1.(北京2000, 单项填空)The picture B _______ on the wall is painted by my nephew. A. having h

ung B. hanging C. hangs D. being hung 正确答案:B 根据题干判断,句中需要一个 既作定语又表状态的非谓语动词,所以选B。

? 2.(NMET97,单项填空)The Olympic Games,______in 776 B.C., did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing played C. first played playing B. to be first D. to be first

? 正确答案:C 此题考查分词作非限制性定 语的用法,有被动意义,动作已完成,所 以选C。

? 3.(NMET94,单项填空)The first text books _______ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. ? A. having written B. to be written ? C. being written D. written ? 正确答案:D 此题考查分词的限制性定语 用法,其他与例2类似,所以选D

1.不定式作定语
? ① 不定式作定语常用于不定代词或被the first/next/only/last等修饰的名词和其他一 些名 词、代词之后。其中, ? 一般式: 将来或经常性的动作, ? 完成式: 该动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动 作之前。 ? 例如:She is always the first (one) to come and the last to leave.

?

② 如果作定语的不定式与被修饰的名词有 动宾关系,在不及物动词后通常要加上适当的 介词.

? 例如:Let‘s first find a room to live in / to put the things in. ? We have nothing to worry about. (=There is nothing for us to worry about.)

? ③ 不定式作定语修饰一个在逻辑上是其宾 语名词时,若在句子中能找到该不定式的逻 辑主语, 则该不定式多用主动表被动,否则, 用被动式。 ? 例如:I have a lot of things to do today. ( I ... do ... things)
? Have you got anything to say at the meeting? ( you... say ... anything) ? Here is a letter to be taken to Mr. Li.

? ? 在there be句型中,有时用主动式或被动式意思 不同。 ? 比较:There is nothing to do at present. (=We have nothing to do at present.)

There is nothing to be done at present. (= We can do nothing at present.)

2.-ing分词作定语
? ① 单个的-ing分词作定语一般前置,说明名词的 性质、特征或用途等, ? -ing短语作定语一般后置; ? 强调动作的单个-ing分词也常后置。 例如:a sleeping car ( = a car for sleeping ) a sleeping child ( = a child who is sleeping ) the boy standing there ( = the boy who is standing there ) The girl singing is my classmate.

? ② -ing分词作定语一般要求其动作与谓语 动词所表示的动作同时发生或是在说话时 该动作正 在进行,否则,要用从句作定语。 ? 例如:Do you know the boy talking ( = who is talking ) to the teacher? ? Did you notice the boy sitting ( = who was sitting ) at this desk yesterday? ? The man shaking ( = who is now shaking ) hands with Mr. Li visited our class yesterday.

? 比较: ? 误:He is the man visiting our class yesterday. ? 正:He is the man who visited our class yesterday.

3.-ed分词作定语
? -ed分词作定语一般表示一个被动或已完成动 作, ? -ing分词表示一个主动或正在进行的动作, ? -ing分词的被动式则表示一个正在被进行的动 作。 ? 例如:a developed/developing country ? He is a student loved by all the teachers. ? The building being built will be the third Teaching Building of our school.

? 4.像定语从句一样,分词作定语也有非限 制性的,其作用相当于一个非限制性定语 从句。 ? 例如:The students, wearing their school uniforms, marched into the playground. ? The substance, discovered almost by accident,has greatly changed the world.

? 【知识过关】 B 1. The computer center,______last year, is very popular among the students. in the school.
? A. open ? C. having opened B. opening D. opened

A ? 2. Most of the artists _______ to the
? ? ? ? party were from South Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited

?
? ? ? ?

B 3. There was a terrible noise _______ the sudden burst of light. A. followed B. following C. to be followed D. being followed

D ? 4. Do you know the boy_______ under the big tree? A. lay B. lain ? C. laying D. lying

? 5. Are you going to attend the meeting _______ A tomorrow? ? A. to be held C. will be held B. being held D. held

C ? 6. I like most of the books _______ in this
_______ house. A. publishing, publishing ? B. published, published C. published, publishing ? D. publishing, published

C ? 7. This is one of the questions _______ at the meeting now. A. to discuss B. to be discussed C. being discussed D. discussed
? 8. Would you please give me a piece of B paper _______? A. to write B. to write on ? C. to write with D. to be


推荐相关:

非谓语动词讲解及高考题精选(含答案)

2010-2013高考非谓语动词... 9页 免费非​谓​语​动​词​讲​解...动词不定式在句中可以作主语、宾语、表语、定语和状语,还可用在复合结构中,而且...


非谓语讲练(学生版朱兰英)

being hung 非谓语动词作定语时要注意以下区别: √ √ √ √ (二)非谓语动词的分类,意义,构成: 非谓语 形式 构成 时态和语态 to do to have done to be ...


非谓语动词作定语语法讲义

注:having done 绝对不能作定语。 原因:当作定语的非谓语动词的动作明显发生在谓语动词动作之前时,此时不能 用非谓语动词作定语,即不能用 having done 作定语,...


非谓语动词作 定语讲解及练习

非谓语动词作 定语讲解及练习_英语_高中教育_教育专区。非谓语动词作定语 一.不定式作定语 1. 不定式作定语常用于不定代词或被 the first/next/only/last 等修饰...


非谓语动词语法讲解

非​谓​语​动​词​语​法​讲​解 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次...原则三、being done 表示“正在被”,一般不作状语,只作定语非谓语动词的完成...


2013高考专题 非谓语动词(全面,条理清晰)

2012 年 高三英语 VIP 非谓语动词作定语 总复习 专用学案 璧山戴氏教育精品堂学校 主讲:Cleo 现在分词作定语 单个的现在分词充当前置定语,分词短语充当后置定语。但...


举例说名非谓语动词

举例非谓语动词一、过去分词 过去分词是非谓语动词一种重要形式,它在句中可作定语、状语、表语和宾语补足语。 1.过去分词作定语 过去分词作定语,作用相当于一...


非谓语动词作状语和定语讲义

非谓语动词作状语和定语讲义_英语_高中教育_教育专区。非谓语动词作定语【知识点...经常这样用的分词短语有: frankly speaking 老实地说,坦率地说 generally ...


非谓语动词作定语

非谓语动词作定语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。二、非谓语动词作定语非谓语动词做定语有以下几种形式; doing 1、作动名词讲时做定语表示用途。比如、living room, sw...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 简单学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com