高考对非谓语动词作定语的考查主要包括 以下几个方面的内容： 1．不定式作定语；
? 【典型例题】 1．(北京2000, 单项填空)The picture B _______ on the wall is painted by my nephew. A. having h
ung B. hanging C. hangs D. being hung 正确答案：B 根据题干判断，句中需要一个 既作定语又表状态的非谓语动词，所以选B。
? 2．（NMET97，单项填空）The Olympic Games,______in 776 B.C., did not include women players until 1912. A. first playing played C. first played playing B. to be first D. to be first
? 正确答案：C 此题考查分词作非限制性定 语的用法，有被动意义，动作已完成，所 以选C。
? 3．（NMET94，单项填空）The first text books _______ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. ? A. having written B. to be written ? C. being written D. written ? 正确答案：D 此题考查分词的限制性定语 用法，其他与例2类似，所以选D
? ① 不定式作定语常用于不定代词或被the first/next/only/last等修饰的名词和其他一 些名 词、代词之后。其中， ? 一般式: 将来或经常性的动作， ? 完成式: 该动作发生在谓语动词所表示的动 作之前。 ? 例如：She is always the first (one) to come and the last to leave.
② 如果作定语的不定式与被修饰的名词有 动宾关系,在不及物动词后通常要加上适当的 介词.
? 例如：Let‘s first find a room to live in / to put the things in. ? We have nothing to worry about. (=There is nothing for us to worry about.)
? ③ 不定式作定语修饰一个在逻辑上是其宾 语名词时,若在句子中能找到该不定式的逻 辑主语, 则该不定式多用主动表被动，否则， 用被动式。 ? 例如：I have a lot of things to do today. ( I ... do ... things)
? Have you got anything to say at the meeting? ( you... say ... anything) ? Here is a letter to be taken to Mr. Li.
? ? 在there be句型中，有时用主动式或被动式意思 不同。 ? 比较：There is nothing to do at present. (=We have nothing to do at present.)
There is nothing to be done at present. (= We can do nothing at present.)
? ① 单个的-ing分词作定语一般前置,说明名词的 性质、特征或用途等, ? -ing短语作定语一般后置； ? 强调动作的单个-ing分词也常后置。 例如：a sleeping car ( = a car for sleeping ) a sleeping child ( = a child who is sleeping ) the boy standing there ( = the boy who is standing there ) The girl singing is my classmate.
? ② -ing分词作定语一般要求其动作与谓语 动词所表示的动作同时发生或是在说话时 该动作正 在进行，否则，要用从句作定语。 ? 例如：Do you know the boy talking ( = who is talking ) to the teacher? ? Did you notice the boy sitting ( = who was sitting ) at this desk yesterday? ? The man shaking ( = who is now shaking ) hands with Mr. Li visited our class yesterday.
? 比较： ? 误：He is the man visiting our class yesterday. ? 正：He is the man who visited our class yesterday.
? -ed分词作定语一般表示一个被动或已完成动 作, ? -ing分词表示一个主动或正在进行的动作, ? -ing分词的被动式则表示一个正在被进行的动 作。 ? 例如：a developed/developing country ? He is a student loved by all the teachers. ? The building being built will be the third Teaching Building of our school.
? 4．像定语从句一样，分词作定语也有非限 制性的，其作用相当于一个非限制性定语 从句。 ? 例如：The students, wearing their school uniforms, marched into the playground. ? The substance, discovered almost by accident,has greatly changed the world.
? 【知识过关】 B 1. The computer center,______last year, is very popular among the students. in the school.
? A. open ? C. having opened B. opening D. opened
A ? 2. Most of the artists _______ to the
? ? ? ? party were from South Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited
? ? ? ?
B 3. There was a terrible noise _______ the sudden burst of light. A. followed B. following C. to be followed D. being followed
D ? 4. Do you know the boy_______ under the big tree? A. lay B. lain ? C. laying D. lying
? 5. Are you going to attend the meeting _______ A tomorrow? ? A. to be held C. will be held B. being held D. held
C ? 6. I like most of the books _______ in this
_______ house. A. publishing, publishing ? B. published, published C. published, publishing ? D. publishing, published
C ? 7. This is one of the questions _______ at the meeting now. A. to discuss B. to be discussed C. being discussed D. discussed
? 8. Would you please give me a piece of B paper _______? A. to write B. to write on ? C. to write with D. to be