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全新语法填空专项练习含答案版


语法填空专项练习
(1 )
阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空 格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填 写在答题卡标号为 31—40 的相应位置上。 Night after night, she came to tuck me in (哄我睡觉) , even long after my childhood ye

ars.___31____ (follow) her longstanding custom, she’d lean down and push my long hair out of the way, then kiss my forehead. I don’t remember _32____ it first started annoying me — her hands pushing my hair that way. Finally, one night, I shouted out at her, ―Don’t do that any more — your hands are too rough!‖ She didn’t say _33_____ in reply. But never again _34____ my mother close out my day with that familiar expression of her love. Time after time, ____35____the years passing, my _36____ (think) returned to that night. By then I missed my mother’s hands, mis sed her goodnight kiss on my forehead. Now those hands I once thought to be so rough were still doing things for me and my family. I frequently recalled the night my young voice complained. One night, catching Mom’s hand in hand, I blurted out (脱口 而出) how sorry I was for that night. I thought she’d remember, _37____ I did. But Mom didn’t know what I _38_____ (talk) about. She had forgotten — and forgiven — long ago. That night, I fell asleep with a new _39_____ (appreciate) for my gentle mother and __40_____ caring hands. And the guilt that I had carried around for so long was nowhere to be found.

31._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________

32._________________ 35.__________________ 38._________________

33.________________ 36._______________ 39.______________

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(2)
When you start talking about good and bad manners you immediately start meeting difficulties. Many people just cannot agree __31______ they mean. We asked a lady, who replied that she thought you could tell a well-mannered person _32______ the way they occupied the space around them. However, _33_______second person thought that this was __34___ a question of civilized behavior than good manners. Instead, this other person told us a story about an American who _35____ (invite) to an Arab meal in one of the countries of the Middle East. The American hadn’t been told much about the kind of food he might expect. ___ 36___ he had known about Arab food, he might have behaved better. Immediately before him was a very flat piece of bread that looked, to him, very much like a napkin(餐巾). _37_____ (pick) it up, he put it into his collar, so that it fell across his shirt. His Arab host, who had been watching, said nothing, __38___ immediately copied the __39______ (act) of his guest. And that, said _40_____ second person, was a fine example of good manners. 31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________ 33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

(3) Those who have lived in New York City for more than 15 minutes will remember that Times Square was not always kid-friendly and _31_____ there was a time when _32___ (enter) Central Park at night probably meant you were an evildoer(为恶者). Saturday night, in the company of a few New Yorkers, I _33_____ (sleep) in Central Park. As a born and __34_______(raise) New Yorker and a true indoor girl, I had some trouble imagining sleeping in the park __35_______ fun. But the idea of bringing the outdoors to us city dwellers__36_______ appeal to me. The main activity, aside from sleeping under the stars, was a night hike. Our only goal was to locate _37________ hybrid ( 杂 交 的 )
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wild-domestic duck __38_______ makes its home in __39_______of the park’s northern ponds. _40__________(sad), we did not glimpse this unique city resident. But in its pursuit, I did learn a few things. 31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________ 33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

(4) A clear, accurate summary only gives the vital information from a text. Any extra, irrelevant details are left out. can’t summarize if you haven’t read text, go through words you 37 35 32 31 (summarize) will text carefully. Start by 34 is seriously improve your quick reading skills — so learn how to do it. You scanning the text, then reading it closely. Once you understand the whole 33 again slowly, working out relevant, and which details can be left out. Write only the number of (tell) — no more. See what the title is, and look for 36 could be relevant, any extra information on the paper

the author’s name. Decide what the main theme of the text is. If the question says how many words long the summary must be, you __ that limit. You will 39

must never write more _38 (definite) lose marks when there isn’t room. 40

you don’t follow the guidelines.

Make sure that all the basic information is there —– don’t include detail

31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________

33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

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(5) Last year, I was driving home one night, just around the holidays. I was about to turn onto the highway 31 figure holding a sign. I noticed a rather sad looking the sign read, but I did

I honestly don't recall 32

know that it was getting very cold outside. This man was obviously homeless, and was completely exposed 33 the elements.

I happened 34 (purchase) a new blanket. It was in my car, still packed in plastic from the store. I thought for a moment, 35 (roll) down the window, and gestured to the man. He ran over to my vehicle. I told him that he looked cold, and he laughed. I explained that while I didn't carry any cash, I 36 could use it. happen to have a new blanket, and asked him if he

He was thrilled. I told him that it was 37 , as long as he return.

agreed to do something kind for someone else 38 I am pretty sure that the evening. I know I felt the 40 (warm). 31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________ 39

made his day, and kept him warm through

33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

(6) The most influential book in my life The Story of My Life by Helen Keller is the most influential book in my life. It __31__ (fill) with courage, struggle and faith throughout. Helen Keller was once in deep despair in her __32__ (child), but finally she decided to overcome her physical defects and live happily.
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Furthermore, she showed great patience, ___33___ (do) well in her long and hard learning period. I have learned, above all, three lessons from her story. First, she taught me that often the road to success is to face hardships ___34____ (brave). Maybe you are born under an ill star yet you can stand a better chance ___35___ others. It is therefore important that you screw up your courage ____36____courage is needed. Second, the impairment of part of her senses did not prevent ___37___ from learning. On the contrary, she ___38___ (make) continual efforts to go deeper into the realm of knowledge her fortitude had thus helped her overcome many handicaps. ___39___, she advised that we should make the most of our sense-organs as if we ___40___ (lose) them soon because this way we would observe the world more carefully than ever before. 31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________ 33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

(7) The advantages and disadvantages of a large population have long been a subject of discussion. It 31 (argue) that the supply of good land is limited. To feed a large population, inferior land must be cultivated and the good land worked 32(intensive). Thus, each person produces less and this means a lower average income than could be obtained with 33 smaller population. One of the 34(difficult) in carrying out a world-wide birth control program is that official attitudes to population growth vary from country 35 country. In a developing country 36 a vastly expanded population is pressing hard upon the limits of food, space and natural resources, 37 will be the first concern of government to place a limit 38 the birthrate, whatever the consequences may be. A decreasing
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birthrate may lead to unemployment because it results 39 a declining market. When the pressure of population on housing declines, prices also decline and the building industry is weakened. 40 (face) with such considerations, the government of a developed country may well prefer to see a slowly increasing population,rather than one which is stable or in decline. 31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________ (8) How should one invest (投资 ) a sum of money in these days of inflation (通货膨胀)? 31 (leave) in a bank it’ll hardly keep its value, however high the interest rate. Only a brave man, 32 a very rich one, dares to buy and sell on the Stock (股票) Market. Today it seems that one of the best ways 33 (protect) your savings and even increase your wealth is to buy beautiful objects 34 the past. Here I am going to offer some advice on collecting antique clocks, 35 I personally consider are among the most interesting of antiques. I sometimes wonder 36 a being from another planet report back about our way of life. ―The planet Earth 37 (rule) by a mysterious creature that sits or stands in a room and makes a strange ticking sound. It has a face 38 twelve black marks and two hands. Men can do nothing without its permission, and it 39 (fast) its young around people’s wrists so that everywhere men go 40 are still under control. This creature is the real master of Earth and men are its slaves.‖ 31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________
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33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

(9) Do you often let other people’s nonsense change your mood? If so, try ____31___ (get) back your focus on what’s important ____32___(quick). Sixteen years ago I learned this lesson in the back of ____33____ New York City taxi cab. We took off for Grand Central Station. We were driving in the right lane ____34____, all of a sudden, a black car jumped out of a parking space right in front of us. My taxi driver braked hard and missed the other car’s back end ____35____ just inches! The driver of the other car started yelling bad words at us. However, my taxi driver just smiled and waved at the guy. So, I said, ―Why did you just do that? This guy almost ruined your car and sent us to the hospital!‖ And this is, when my taxi driver told me, ____36____ I now call, ―The Law of the Garbage Truck.‖ Many people are ____37____ garbage trucks. As their garbage piles up, they need a place to dump ____38____. When someone wants to dump on you, you just smile, wave, wish them well, and move on. You’ll be happy you ____39____ (do). Love the people who treat you right. Forget about the ____40____ who don’t. 31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________ 33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

(10) There was a woman who was in such a hurry to go to the airport. She was so absorbed in her own thoughts that she was not aware they were going on ____31____ different route. Suddenly, a man went inside the cab and took her handbag ____32____ she placed her visa, passport, and all her money ____33____ the trip. She kept on thinking how ____34____ (luck) she was to be in that situation. That very same night, she heard a
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piece of ____35____ (shock) news. Flight 230 crashed! It was the plane where she was supposed to board into. ____36____she had not lost her precious belongings, she could have lost something far ____37____ important -her life! Sometimes bad things really happen. We fail our exams, or get rejected by others. There are times when nothing seems to go our way. So what do we do about it? We must take all these frustrations out of our chest and start all over again with the consistent faith that we ____38____ (get) what we deserved. If you failed the exams, maybe you’d be more successful and much happier in ____39____ field. If you were rejected by your friend, there are plenty of others out there ____40____ are much more deserving of your love and affection. Don’t waste your time and energy on things that can’t be changed.

31._________________ 32._________________ 34._________________ 37._________________ 40._________________

33.________________

35.__________________ 36._______________ 38._________________ 39.______________

语法填空专项练习答案
(1) 本文讲述母亲的双手给作者带来无私的母爱的故事。那双手已经不 再温柔,甚至有些粗糙,但那双手依然给作者带来温暖,母爱永远难以 割断。 31. Following。因逻辑主语 she 与 follow 是主动关系,用现在分词短 语作状语,故填 Following。 32. when。引导宾语从句,表示时间,用连接副词 when。句意:我 不记得母亲最初是什么时候开始用手拨弄我的头发了。 33. anything。母亲什么也没回答,在否定句中,用 anything。
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34. did。因否定词 never 置于句首时,要用部分倒装句,是一般过去 时,填助动词 did。 35. with。意思是―随着时间的过去‖,填介词 with。 36. thoughts。由形容词性物主代词 my 可知,该空应填名词;另外 thought 用复数形式,表示 ―记忆,心思‖。 37. as 。作者认为母亲会像她自己记得那样,也记得那件事。表示 ―与……一样‖,填连词 as。 38. was talking。妈妈不知道我在谈论什么,用过去进行时,填 was talking。 39. appreciation。不定冠词 a 后应接名词,故填 appreciation。 40. her。指母亲那体贴的双手。 (2) 本文通过实例来论述人们就 good and bad manners 所持的不同观点。 31. what 宾语从句缺宾语。 32. by 搭配:tell… by…(根据……判断) 33. a 表示―另一个‖,并不强调顺序,用不定冠词。 34. more 由后面的 than 可知,要用比较级。 35. had been invited 因 who 引导的定语从句中还没有谓语,invite 在句中作谓语;又因与 told 相比,是过去的过去,用过去完成时;invite 后没有宾语,应用被动语态。 36. If 引导虚拟条件句。 37. Picking 因 he 与 pick 是主动关系,用现在分词的主动形式作状 语。 38. but 前后是转折的语气。 39. action 在冠词后一定是名词, 因为冠词的语境是―冠词+(形容词)+ 名词‖。 40. this 特指刚刚提到的―这个人‖。 (3) 本文用比较散文化的语言记述了作者夜探纽约中央公园寻访一支杂交的 鸭子而未能如愿的逸事。 31. that 有两个并列的宾语从句时,后一个宾语从句的连接词 that 不可以省略。 32. entering 作主语,表示一般情况,要用动名词。 33. slept 句中无谓语,这是谓语动词;指过去发生的事,用一般过 去式。 34. raised 因 New Yorker 与 raise(养育)是被动关系, 用过去分词作 定语。另外,从 and 前面是过去分词 born 可知,与之并列的也应是过去 分词。a born and raised New Yorker 意为―土生土长的纽约人‖。 35. for 表示目的,用介词 for。 36. did 句子结构完整, 但这是记叙过去发生的事, 谓语动词 appeal 却是动词原形,由此判断前面一定是情态动词或助动词,根据语境,用 表示强调的 did(的确)较好。 37. a 因 duck 是单数可数名词,前面没有限定词时,一般要加不定 冠词,表示―一个‖。
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38. that/which 引导定语从句并在从句中作主语,先行词不是人, 用 that 或 which。 39. one 这只鸭子住在公园北边的某一个湖里,one of 意为―……之 一‖。 40. sadly 在句首作状语,修饰整个句子,用副词。 (4) 本文是讲如何写摘要:仔细读懂全文,提练主旨,去掉细节,按规定字 数写。 31. Summarizing 作主语,表示一般情况,用动名词。 32. the 上文已有 a text,此处表示特指。 33. it 代替前面的 the whole text。 34. what 动词(working out)后的从句应为宾语从句,引导宾语从句 并在从句中作主语,用连接代词 what。 35. are told 因及物动词 tell 后没有宾语,可见要用被动语态,意为 按要求的字数写 summary,不要多写。 36. which\that 引 导 定 语 从 句 并 在 从 句 中 作 主 语 , 先 行 词 是 information,用 which 或 that,指可能相关的其它信息。 37. like 表示举例或列举,用 like (=for example 例如,比方)。 38. than 由 more 可知,要用 than 表示比较级。 39. definitely 修饰谓语动词作状语,用副词形式。 40. if 前后两句间没有连词,一定是填连词;两句间在逻辑上是条 件(后句)与结果(前句)的关系,引导条件状语从句用 if。 (5) 31. when 32. what 33. to 34. to have purchased 35. rolled 36 . did 37. his 38. in 39. it 40. warmth (6) 31. is filled 32. childhood 33 . doing 34 . bravery 35. than 36 . when 37. her 38 . had made 39. Third 40. would lose (7) 31. has been argued/ is argued; 32. intensively; 33. a; 34. difficulties; 35. to 36 where; 37 . it; 38 on; 39. in; 40. Faced (8) 31. Left 32. or 33. to protect 34. from 35. which 36. what 37. is ruled 38. with 39. fastens 40. they (9) 31.To get 32. quickly 33. a 34. when 35. by 36. what 37. like 38. it 39. did 40. ones (10) 31. a 32. where 33. for 34. unlucky 35. shocking 36. If 37. more 38. will get 39. another 40. who

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