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外研社 高中一年级 必修 1 MODULE 6 the internet and telecommunication


外研社必修一 MODULE 6 一、 本次课教学目标
熟练使用模块 6 里面出现的重点短语和句型进行造句,复习冠词的用法。

二、 考点、热点回顾
必修 1 The Internet and Telecommunications Module 6 单元核心词汇详解 1. Contain v. 包含,包括,容纳 【经典例句】 1) A CD-

ROM a separate disk that contains lots of information. 指读存储器是一个包含很多信息的单独的盘。 2) This barrel contains 50 liters. 这只桶的容量为 50 升。 【词汇辨析】 辨析:contain / include 1) contain :指作为组成部分而被“包含”或“容纳”在内 2) include: 侧重于作为整体的一部分而被包括进去 【高考试题链接】 The whole book _____12 unit,_____two main revisions. (2009 湖北八校) A. contains; including B. includes; containing C. contains ;containing D. includes; including 2. access n. 接近,通路;(使用某物或接近某人的)机会或权利 v. 接通(电脑等);存取 (计算机文件); 【经典例句】 1) Students must have access to a good library. 学生要有使用好图书馆的便利条件。 2) The house is in a central location with good access to the shops. 这幢房子位于中心地段,离商店比较近。 3. crash v. (汽车、飞机等)撞毁,坠毁,猛撞; 撞击(某物)发出声响; (计算机)瘫痪,死机; (企业、政府、股票)突然倒台,崩溃;n. 撞车事故,飞机失事;突然发出的巨响; (掉落、断裂等 时发出的)碰撞声。 【经典例句】 1) The plane crashed shortly after taking off. 那架飞机起飞后不久就坠毁了。 2) The car crashed straight into a tree. 这辆车一头撞到了树上。 3) The system crashed at nine this morning, so we haven’t been able to do anything. 今天上午 9 点系统瘫痪了,因此我们什么也做不了。 4) The company crashed with debts of 2 million dollars. 那家公司因负债 200 万美元而破产。 5) Forty-one people were killed in a plane crash in America last week. 上周美国的一次飞机失事中有 41 人丧生。 4. Keyword n. 密码;许可 password
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【经典例句】 This computer needs keyword. 这台电脑需要密码。 5.Software n. 软件 【经典例句】 1) What is the difference between computer hardware and software? 电脑硬件和软件的区别是什么? 6.breakdown n.故障 【经典例句】 1) Which word can you use to describe a computer breakdown? 那个词你修饰电脑出故障? 2) Our car had a breakdown on the highway. 我们的汽车在公路上抛锚了。 7.source n.来源;出处 【经典例句】 1) The Internet is the biggest source of information in the world, and it`s accessible through a computer. 因特网是世界最大的信息源,借助电脑便能进入。 2) He listed all the sources at the end of the book. 他在书中结尾处列出了所有资料的来源。 【词汇辨析】 辨析:source 与 resource Source:指源泉,来源 We have to find a new source of income. 我们得寻找一个新的收入来源 Resource:指一个国家或一个人所拥有的资源或财力,与源泉无关 We must make the most use of our resource. 我们必须充分利用我们的资源。 8.accessible adj. 可进入的;可接近的 【经典例句】 1) The Internet is the biggest source of information in the world, and it`s accessible through a computer. 因特网是世界最大的信息源,借助电脑便能进入。 2) The English teacher is accessible to the students. 英语老师对学生们很亲近。 【词汇解析】 Sb./sth. Is/was accessible 某人/某物是易接近的 Be accessible to… 易接近… 【高考试题链接】 Frank put the medicine in a top drawer to make sure it would not be____ to the kids. A. accessible B. relative C. acceptable D. sensitive 9.create vt. 创造;发明 【经典例句】 1) They created a network of computer called DARPANET. 他们创建了一个叫 DARPANET 的计 算机网络。 2) Shakespeare created many famous characters. 莎士比亚创造了许多有名的人物形象。 10.network n. 网络 【经典例句】 1) They created a network of computer called DARPANET. 他们创建了一个叫 DARPANET 的计 算机网络。 11.percentage n. 百分率;百分数 【经典例句】 1) At the moment , about 80 percent of web traffic is in English, but this percentage is going down. 目前,大约 80%的网络交流都使用英语。
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12. design v. 设计;意要……;指定,预定 【经典例句】 1) He designed the first “web browser”… 他首创的“网站浏览器”。。。 2) This course is designed as an introduction to the subject. 这门课程是作为该科目的入门课而设计的。 3) This room was originally designed to be my study. 这间房子原预定要作为我的书房。 13. concentrate v. 集中(注意力,努力等)于……, 专心,专心致志于 【经典例句】 1) Concentrate on the good things about the Internet .专注于因特网好的方面。 2) This year the company has concentrated on improving its efficiency. 这家公司今年已经集中力量在提高效率方面上。 【高考试题链接】 I must ______ my new task. (2007 湖北八校) A. concentrate B. concentrate at C. concentrate on D. concentrate with 14. permission n. 许可 【经典例句】 1) You need permission from the World Wide Web before you can access information. 在你使用(网 站上的)信息之前,你需要得到万维网的许可。 2) With your permission, I `ll send a copy of this letter to the docter. 如果你准许的话,我就把这封 信的副本寄给那位医生。 15. essay n.文章 【经典例句】 1)I prefer Zhu Ziqing to any other writer for his essays are very beautiful. 与其他作家相比,我更喜欢朱自清,因为他的散文很美。 【词汇辨析】 辨析:article/ composition/ essay 1) article :文章,由指在报纸、杂志上刊登的文章 2) composition: 作文,常指学语言的学生为练习写作而写的文章 essay: 常指议论文、散文、随笔或小品文等 16. fantastic adj. 极好的,美妙的 【经典例句】 1) Do you think of the Internet is fantastic? 你认为因特网神奇吗? 2) The old man told us a fantastic tale of the fairy, but none of us believed it true. 那位老人给我们讲了一个离奇的关于仙女的故事,但是我们没人相信那是真的。 17. independent adj. 独立的 【经典例句】 1) India became independent in 1947. 印度于 1947 年独立。 18.pass vt. 超过 【经典例句】 1) China passed the US to become the largest mobile phone market in the world. 中国超过美国成为了世 界第一大手机市场。 2) Soon their car passed ours. 他们的车很快超过了我们的车。 19.disadvantage n. 弊端;缺点
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【经典例句】 1) What are the disadvantage (of having a mobile phone)? 拥有手机的坏处是? 20.average adj. 平均的 【经典例句】 1) The average time the Chinese people spend online is 17 hours per week. 中国人均上网时间是每 周 17 个小时。 2) The average age of the boys is 17. 这些男孩子的平均年龄是 17 岁。 21.sideways adv. 横着地;斜着地 【经典例句】 1) To read an emoticon, you have to look at it sideways. 要想阅读感情符号,你需要横着去看。 二:单元核心短语详解 1. consist of 由……组成……,由……构成 【经典例句】 1) It consists of millions of pages of data. 它包含数以百万计页面的数据。 2) The book consists of nine chapters. 本书由 9 个章节构成。 【词汇辨析】 辨析:consist of / make up / be made up of 都可表示“组成,构成”,区别: 1) consist of :只用主动形式,其主语是整体,宾语是部分 2) make up: 其主语是部分,其宾语是整体 3) be made up of : 主语是整体,宾语是部分 【高考试题链接】 The class _____50 students. (2007 广州) A .is consisted of B. consists C .consists of D. is made of 2. as well 也 【经典例句】 1) He is our teacher, and he is our friend as well. 他是我们的老师,也是我们的朋友。 2) He is good at Chinese , and he is good at English as well. 他擅长中文,也擅长英语。 3) It then became possible for universities to use the system as well. 【词汇辨析】 辨析: as well/ too/ also / either 1) as well :常位于肯定句末 2) too: 位于肯定句末,并用逗号与前隔开 3) also: 常位于肯定句中 4) either: 常用于否定句末, 并用逗号与前隔开 【高考试题链接】 3. agree with 同意 【经典例句】 1) I . agree with this idea, especially on the subject of learning English .我同意这个想法,尤其是在英语 学习上的。 2) We agreed to meet up later and talk things over. 我们同意稍后见面把情况好好谈一谈。 4. make sure 确认,确保
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【经典例句】 1) Go and make sure she is all right. 去弄清楚她没事。 5. compare with 比较 【经典例句】 1) Cast iron cannot compare with steel in tensile strength. 铸铁的抗张强度比不上钢 6. take out 把……带出;把……拿出 【经典例句】 1) You can do this by taking out “unimportant” letters in the words (usually vowels) and using numbers instead of words. 你可以通过省去单词中“不重要的”字母(通常是元音)和数字代替 单词的方式这么做。 2) If you have enough time ,please take the children out for a walk.如果你有足够的时间,请带孩子 们出去散步。 【词汇辨析】 take take after 与----相似 take apart 拆卸(机器) take away 拿走;时离开;消除(病痛等) take down 记下来;拆掉 take for (错)当作; (误)认为 take in 吸收;接受;领会;欺骗 take off 起飞;匆匆离去;脱下 take on 呈现;采纳;承担,从事 take one’s time 不要着急,慢慢地做 take over 接收,接管,取代 take to 喜欢;养成---的习惯 take up 占据,占(时间、空间) ;开始从事 【高考试题链接】 We tried to find a table for seven, but they were all____. (2009 安徽) A. given away B. kept away C. taken up D. used up 7. instead of 代替 【经典例句】 1) You can do this by taking out “unimportant” letters in the words (usually vowels) and using numbers instead of words. 你可以通过省去单词中“不重要的”字母(通常是元音)和数字代替 单词的方式这么做。 2) I stayed in bed all day instead of going to school. 我整天躺在床上,而没有去上学 【词汇辨析】 辨析:instead of 与 instead instead of: 为介词短语,后接介词、代词、动名词或介词短语。 The hurricane happened during the day instead of at night. 飓风是发生在白天,而不是发生在黑夜。 instead :为副词,放在句末或者句首。 I didn`t go to the cinema. I went to the bookstore instead. 我没去看电影,而是去了书店。 8. become known as 以……闻名 【经典例句】
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1) NSFNET became known as the Inter-Network, or “Internet”. NSFNET 作为“内部网络”或者“因特 网”而闻名。 2) Xiao Shenyang becomes known as his voice. 小沈阳以他的嗓音闻名。 9. the number of ….的数量,……的数目 【经典例句】 1) Within five years , the number of Internet users rose from 600000 to 40 million. 五年内,因特网的用户从 60 万剧增至 4000 万。 【词汇辨析】 辨析:the number of 与 a number of The number of: ……的数量,…….的数目。作主语的时,句子谓语动词用单数 The number of students in our class is 55. 我们班学生的人数是 55. a number of: 许多……,很多……。做主语时,句子谓语动词用复数。 A number of students want to go to Beijing. 很多学生想去北京。 三:单元必备句型详解 1. It then became possible for universities to use the system as well. 【句型】 It be/become +adj. + for /of sb. to do sth./ 主语+谓语+it +adj.+to do sth. 【例子】 1) It is important for the students to learn English well. 2) It is necessary for us to meet. 【翻译练习】 对于女孩子来说,穿那种衣服很流行。 _______________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 2. Berners-Lee made it possible for everyone to use the Internet. 【句型】 Made it possible for sb. to do sth. 【例子】 1) Internet makes it possible for the people far away talk with together. 2) Hard-working makes it possible for us to pass the exam. 【翻译练习】 读书使我们有可能变得更聪明。 _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 3. It would be much better if we spent the time working on a computer. 【句型】 与现在事实相反的虚拟语气。主句用 would/ could/should/might + 动词原型,从句用过去式 【例子】 1) If we had time now, we should read it again. 2) If the weather were fine together ,we should go out for a picnic. 【翻译练习】 要是今天能通过考试,我就出去吃饭了。 _______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 四:单元语法项目讲解
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【语法】冠词:加在名词前面作辅助词,用来限定名词。冠词分为定冠词和不定冠词。 定冠词用法: (1) 特指某人或某物 (2) 用于上文提到的人或物之前 (3) 用来表示世界上独一无二的事物。 (4) 用来与某些形容词或过去分词连用,使其名词代表一类人 (5) 用在形容词最高级和序数词及方位词前。 (6) 用于演奏乐器名词前 (7) 用于姓氏的复数名词前;朝代,时代前 (8) 用于普通名词与其他的词构成的专有名词前。 不定冠词用法: (1) 指人或物的某一类 (2) 指一类人或物中的任何一个 (3) 不具体指明是何人或何物时 (4) 用于某些固定搭配中 零冠词用法: (1) 在物质名词、部分专有名词、抽象名词、人名、地名等前不加冠词 (2) 泛指男女或人类时不加冠词 (3) 学科、语言、球类和棋类前不加冠词 (4) 季节、月份、日期前不加冠词,但是当被一个限定性定语从句修饰或表示一段特定的时间时, 前面要加冠词。 (5) 复数名词表示泛指时,一般不使用名词。 【经典例题】 1) Ji’nan is _____ capital of Shandong Province. A. the B. a C/ 2) I have _____story-book . ______ book is very interesting. A. a / A B. a / The C. the / The D. The / a 3) This is _____ happiest day in his life. A. a B. the C./ 4) My bedroom faces to _____south. A. / B. a C. the 5)Alps, _____English Channel. A. the B. a C ./ 6) He has just come back from ____ African country. A. the B.an 7) _______student should study hard. A. The B. A 8) Nobody likes playing ______basketball in our class A. a B. the C./ 【课上练习】 1. Mrs. Taylor has______8-year-old daughter who has ________gift for painting-she has won two nati onal prizes. A. a; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; a 2. After dinner he gave Mr. Richardson ______ ride to ______ Capital Airport. A. the; a B. a; the C. 不填; a D.不填; the
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3. Many people agree that ______ knowledge of English is a must in ______ international trade today. (1996) A. a; 不填 B. the; an C. the; the D. 不填; the 4. What I need is ______ book that contains ______ ABC of oil painting. A. a;不填 B. the; 不填 C. the; an D. a; the 5. We can never expect ______ bluer sky unless we create ______ less polluted world. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; a D. the; the 6. Paper money was in ______ use in China when Marco Polo visited the country in ______ thirteenth century. A. the;不填 B. the;the C. 不填;the D. 不填;不填 7. The warmth of ______ sweater will of course be determined by the sort of ______ wool used. (2001) A. the; the B. the;/ C. /; the D. /; / 8.She is ______ newcomer to ______ chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries. (1994) A. the; the B. the ; 不填 C. a; 不填 D. a; the 9. The sign reads “In case of ______ fire, break the glass and push ______ red button.” (2003) A. 不填; a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. a; a 10.According to _________World Health Organization, health care plans are needed in all big cities to prevent _________ spread of AIDS. (2006 陕西卷) A. the;不填 B. the; the C. a; a D.不填;the 【课后练习】 1. — I'd like ______ information about the mangagement of your hotel, please. — Well, you could have ____word with the manager. He might be helpful. A. some; a B. an; some C. some; some D. an; a 2. — Have you seen ______ pen? I left it here this morning. — Is it ______ black one? I think I saw it somewhere. A. a; the B. the; the C. the; a D. a; a 3. Most animals little connection with ______ animals of ______ different kind unless they kill them for food. A. the ; a B. 不填 ; a C. the ; the D. 不填 ; the 4. Jumping out of ______ airplane at ten thousand feet is quite ______ exciting experience. (2002) A. 不填; the B. 不填; an C. an; an D. the; the 5.— I'd like ______ information about the mangagement of your hotel, please. — Well, you could have______ word with the manager. He might be helpful. (1995,32) A. some; a B. an; some C. some; some D. an; a 6. In order to find _______ better job, he decided to study _________ second foreign language. (2009 四川,14) A. the; a B. a; a C. the; the D. a; the 7. It’s not ______ good idea to drive for four hours without ______ break. (08 全国 2,8) A. a ; a B. the ; a C. the ; the D. a ; the 8 How about taking ______ short break? I want to make _______ call.(07 四川,22) A. the; a B. a; the C. the; the D. a; a 9. — Have you seen ______ pen? I left it here this morning. — Is it ______ black one? I think I saw it somewhere. (1997 全国) A. a; the B. the; the C. the; a D. a; a
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10. There was _____ time _____ I hated to go to school. (2004 湖北,23) A. a; that B. a; when C. the; that D. the ; when 11. Mrs. Taylor has______8-year-old daughter who has ________gift for painting-she has won two national prizes. (2005 浙江 4) A. a; a B. an; the C. an; a D. the; a 12.— Hello, could I speak to Mr. Smith? (2006 全国 1,30) — Sorry, wrong number, There isn’t ______ Mr. Smith here. A.不填 B.a C.the D.one 13. Have you heard ______ news?The piece of ______ petrol is going up again! (2008 湖南,22) A. the, the B. 不填, the C. the, 不填 D. 不填, 不填 14. Many people have come to realize that they should go on _____ balanced diet and make____ room in their day for exercise. (09 江西,26) A. a; / B. the; a C. the; the D. /; a 15. Polar bears live mostly on ________ sea ice, which they use as _______ platform for hunting seals. (09 湖南,23) A. a; a B. a; the C. 不填; a D. the; 不填 16.She is ______ newcomer to ______ chemistry but she has already made some important discoveries. (1994 全国) A. the; the B. the ; 不填 C. a; 不填 D. a; the 17. Many people agree that ______ knowledge of English is a must in ______ international trade today. (1996 全国) A. a; 不填 B. the; an C. the; the D. 不填; the 18. The warmth of ______ sweater will of course be determined by the sort of ______ wool used. (2001 全 国) A. the; the B. the;/ C. /; the D. /; / 19. The sign reads “In case of ______ fire, break the glass and push ______ red button.” (2003 全国) A. 不填; a B. 不填; the C. the; the D. a; a 20. On _____ news today, there were _____ reports of heavy snow in that area. (2004 北京春,28) A. the; the B. the; 不填 C. 不填;不填 D. 不填; the 21. When he left _____ college, he got a job as _____ reporter in a newspaper office. (2004 天津,24) A. 不填;a B. 不填;the C. a ; the D. the ; the 22. Tom owns _____ larger collection of _____ books than any other student in our class. (2004 江苏,27) A. the; 不填 B. a; 不填 C. a; the D. 不填; the 23. _____ recent report stated that the number of Spanish speakers in the U.S. would be higher than the number of English speakers by_____ year 2090. (2005 北京春,25) A. A; the B. A; 不填 C. The; 不填 D. The; a 24. It is often said that _____ teachers have _____ very easy life. (2005 北京,21) A. 不填;不填 B. 不填;aC. the ;不填 D. the;a 25. If you go by _____ train, you can have quite a comfortable journey, but make sure you get _____ fast one. (2005 全国 2,15) A. the; the B. 不填;a C. the; a D. 不填;不填 26. This book tells _____ life story of John Smith, who left ______ school and worked
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for a newspaper at the age of 16. (2005 辽宁 31) A. the; the B. a; the C. the; 不填 D. a; 不填 27.Don’t worry if you can’t come to _______ party. --- I’ll save ________ cake for you. (2006 浙江,3) A. the ; some B. a ; much C. the ; any D. a ; little 28. The biggest whale is ______ blue whale, which grows to be about 29 meters long— the height of ______ 9- story building. (2009 北京 33) A. the; the B. a; a C. a; the D. the; a 29. What ______ pity that you couldn’t be there to receive____ prize! (2009 陕西,6) A. a; a B. the; a C. a; the D. the; the 30. What I need is ______ book that contains ______ ABC of oil painting. (09 全国 2,14) A. a;不填 B. the; 不填 C. the; an D. a; the

四、课后反馈表
1、本次课学生总体满意度打分(满分 100 分)______ 2、学生对课程内容的满意度( A.非常满意 B.比较满意 ) C.一般 ) C.一般 D.比较不满意 E.非常不满意
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_________________ 。

D.比较不满意

E.非常不满意

3、学生对授课教师的满意度( A.非常满意 B.比较满意

4、学生对授课场地的满意度( A.非常满意 B.比较满意

) C.一般 ) D.比较不满意 ______ _______ __ 。 E.非常不满意 D.比较不满意 E.非常不满意

5、学生对授课教师的上课的总体精神状态( A.非常满意 B.比较满意 C.一般

6、您对本课程的意见和建议:______ __

家长(学生)签字: 201 年 月 日

11


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