tceic.com
学霸学习网 这下你爽了
赞助商链接
当前位置:首页 >> 高一英语 >>

2013年普通高考英语语法知识网络 专题11状语从句


(原创精品)2013 年普通高考英语科语法知识网络 专题 11 状语从句

种 类

从属连词









When I came into the room, he was writing a letter.当我进 when 指的是“某一具体的时间” When 时 whenever 间 我们就去那里。 状 I was walking along the street when suddenly someone patted when 意为“这时”或“在那个时候”,可以 从 when me on the shoulder from behind.我正在街上走着,这时忽然有 看作是并列句,这种用法的 when 分句一般 人从后面拍我的肩膀。 位于句末。 We shall go there whenever we are free.我们什么时间有空, 屋时,他正在写信。 whenever 指的是“在任何时间”

1

While it was raining, they went out.天下雨的时候,他们出去 while 指“在某一段时间里”“在?期间” , , while 了。 I stayed while he was away.他不在的时候我在。 He hurried home, looking behind as he went. as 他赶快回家,不时地一边走一边向后看。 before after 作同时发生 as 引导持续性动作,强调主句和从句的动 while 引导的动作必须是持续性的

Be a pupil before you become a teacher.先做学生,再做先生。 He arrived after the game started.比赛开始后,他到了。 We waited till (until)he came back .我们一直等到他回来。 如主句动词是持续性动作,常用肯定式,

till 表示“直到?为止” She didn’t stop working until eleven o’clock .她到 11 点 如主句动词是瞬间动词,常用否定式,表 钟才停止工作。 until Until he had passed out of sight, she stood there. 她站在那里看着,直到看不见他的身影。 首表示强调,一般用 until 示“直?才” “在?以前不”,从句放在句

2

Great changes have taken place in China since 1978. since 自从 1978 年以来中国发生了巨大的变化。

状语从句在主句之前时一般用逗号与主句 分开,如从句在主句之后则不必用标点符

As soon as I arrive in Shanghai, I’ll write to you.我一到 号。 as soon as 上海就给你写信。 I had hardly got home when it began to rain. hardly?when 和 no sooner?than 的意义

我刚一到家,就下雨了。=Hardly had I got home when it began 相当于 as soon as,但只表示过去发生的事 hardly?when to rain. 情,主句为过去完成时,从句为过去时,

No sooner had we got to the station than the train left. 如 hardly 或 no sooner 位于句首时语气强, no sooner?than 我们刚到车站,火车就走了。 Hardly had we begun when we were told to stop.我们刚开始就 被叫停。 而且主句的谓语要用部分倒装

3

Every time I travelled by boat, I got seasick.我每次乘船都 在时间状语从句中,不能用将来时或过去 晕船。 every time, by the The moment I heard the song, I felt cheerful. time, the moment 等 我一听到这首歌,就感到很愉快。 Next time you come ,you’ll see him.下次你来的时候,就会见 到他。 Where there is a will, there is a way.有志者,事竟成。 地 where 点 状 wherever 从 Wherever you go, you must obey the law.无论你去哪都要遵守 法律。 You are free to go wherever you like.你可以随意到你喜欢的 任何地方去。 where 与 wherever 意义基本相同,但后者 将来时,而要用现在时或过去时代替将来 时

Where there is water there is life.哪里有水,哪里就有生命。 语气较强,多用于书面语

4

I came back late yesterday because I was on duty.昨天我回 because 用来回答 why 的问题,语气最强 because 来晚了,因为我值班。 Since everyone is here, let’s begin our meeting.既然大家 since 表示既然或全已知的理由,稍加分析 since 都到了,我们开始开会。 原 因 状 从 as 即可表明的原因,多放句首

As he didn’t know much English, he looked up the word in the 从句常放在句首,说明原因,主句说明结 dictionary . 由于他英语懂得不多,他在字典中查阅这个单词。 Now (that) the weather has cleared up, we can start our seeing (that), now that 和 since, as 意 journey. now that, seeing 鉴于天气已经晴朗,我们可以启程了。 that Seeing (that) he was badly ill, we sent for the doctor. 鉴于他病情严重,我们派人去请医生去了。 思,that 可以省去 义相似,他们都有“鉴于某个事实”的意 果,常用于口语中。



that

I shall write down your telephone number that I may not 目的状语从句中常用情态动词 may (might)

5

的 状 从 in order that so that

forget. 我要把你的电话号码记下来,以免忘记。

can (could) ,should 等放在动词之前, 从句往往放在主句之后,主从句之间不用

We’ll tell you the truth so that you can judge for yourself. 任何标点符号 我把真实情况告诉你,使你能自己作出判断。 They worked harder than usual in order that they could finish lest = for fear that the work ahead of time .他们比往常更加努力工作,为了能提前 完成工作。 Put on more clothes lest (= for fear that ) you should catch cold. 多穿点衣服,以免感冒。

6

We turned up the radio, so that everyone heard the news. so that 前有逗号为结果状语从句 so that 我们把收音机的音量放大,大家都听到了新闻。 He was so excited that he couldn’t say a word. so?that 结 果 状 从 such?that it. It is so interesting a novel that all of us want to read it. 这是一本十分有趣的书,大家都想看。 条 件 状 unless if Difficulties are nothing if we are not afraid of them. 如果我们不怕困难,困难就算不了什么了。 unless 从句的谓语只能用肯定式。unless 和 if?not 同义,unless 是书面语,if? 他十分激动,以致一句话都说不出来。 He gave such important reasons that he was excused. 他说出了这么重要的理由,得到大家的谅解。 such?that 的 such 后面跟名词, 如果名词 是单数就要用 such a /an?that 还可以转 so?that 的 so 后面跟形容词或副词

It is such an interesting novel that all of us want to read 换用 so?that,语气较强

We shall go there tomorrow unless it rains.除非下雨,我们 not 是口语,通常二者可以换用

7

从 as/so long as in case so far as

明天就去那里。 = We shall go there tomorrow if it doesn’t rain. So/As long as you work hard, you will succeed. 只要你努力工作,你就一定能成功。 In case I forget, please remind me about it .万一我忘了, 请提醒我一下。 So far as I know, the book will be published next month. 据我所知,那本书下月出版。 as Draw a cat as I taught you .按照我教你的画一只猫。 Do as you are told.按照人家告诉你做的去做。

条件状语从句中的谓语动词的时态一般要 用现在时或过去时代替一般将来时或过去 将来时

此处 as 译为:按照或正如 as if 或 as though 的意义和用法基本一样。 从句中可以用现在时表示可能符合事实,

方 式 as if? 状 as though 从 象什么也没有发生。 He acted as if (though) nothing had happened.他的行动就好 也可以用虚拟语气 She looks as if she is ill.看上去她好象是生病了。

8

They treat the black boy as if (though) he were an animal. 他们对待这黑孩子仿佛他是一头牲口。

Although (Though) he was over sixty, (yet) he began to learn 在句子中一般用了“虽然”就不能再用“但 French. 让 步 状 虽然我们干了一天活,但并不累。 从 I’ll go even if (though) it rains tomorrow.即使明天下雨,even if 和 even though 的意思为“即使” even if,even though 我也要去。 “纵使”有退一步设想的意味,多用于书 面语中 句的前面 although 虽然他六十多岁了,但仍开始学习法语 。 though We were not tired though (although) we had worked all day. 样,前者通俗,口语化,后者正式多放主 though / although 意义相同,用法基本一 是” (but)但可以与 yet 或 still 连用。

9

Child as he is , he knows a lot .虽然他是一个孩子,但他懂 as 引出的状语从句多用于书面语,它比用 得很多。 as though 或 although 引导的从句,语气强,

Cold as it is, (= Though it is cold,)the children play 更有表现力,从句常放在句首,语序部分 outdoors. 虽然天气冷,但孩子们仍在户外玩。 Do it no matter what others say.不管别人怎么说,尽管干。 no matter??与 who-ever 引导的让步状 倒装。

No matter how busy he was, he studied English every day. 语从句意义基本一 样,no matter??引 no matter (who, what 不管他多忙,他都每天坚持学习英语。 when, where which, No matter who takes up the matter for me ,I shall be very how?) grateful. 不管谁为我处理这件事,我都将非常感激。 导的从句可是以位于主句前或主句后

10

wh+ever (whatever Whatever happens / may happen , we shall not lose heart. whoever ,whenever 无论发生什么,我们都不要失去信心。 whichever ,however) Whoever comes, he will be welcome.无论谁来,都会受到欢迎。 Mary is as old as my sister.玛利和我姐姐一样大。 as?as , not so/as?as 比 较 状 从 the same?as such?as 连词表示同程度级的比较,肯定句用 as?

He doesn’t run so (as) fast as Jack (does).他不如杰克跑得 as 否定句可用 not as?as 或 not so?as 那样快。 His book is the same as mine.他的书和我的一样。 Henry is not such a good worker as Peter .享利这个工人不如 彼得那样好。 She has made greater progress this year than she did last year.

?than? 她今年比去年进步更大。 He bought fewer books than I (did).他买的书比我买的少。

11

The more you read, the better you understand.你看的书越多, the more?the more 意思为越?越?,通 你懂得的就越多。 The more tickets you sell, the more money you will get. the more ?the more? 你卖的票越多,你的收入也越多。 The harder you work, the greater progress you will make. 你工作越努力,你取得的进步就越大。 The sooner, the better.越快越好。The warmer, the better. 越暖和越好。 常的语序为从句在前主句在后, 这两个 the 都是表示程度的副词,用在比较级的形容 词或副词前面

12



推荐相关:

2008高考英语语法系列复习专题十一---状语从句

2008高考英语语法系列复习专题十一---状语从句 - 语法系列复习专题十一---状语从句 状语从句有时间、地点、原因、目的、方式、结果、条件、让步等八种。 一...


高考英语语法知识点 专题32 条件状语从句

高考英语语法知识专题32 条件状语从句_英语_高中教育_教育专区。考点 32 条件状语从句 高考频度:★★★ 一、条件状语从句 1. if 引导的条件状语从句 if 可引...


高考英语语法知识点 专题27 时间状语从句

高考英语语法知识专题27 时间状语从句 - 考点 27 时间状语从句 高考频度:★★★ 考向一 when/while/as 引导的定语从句 一、when 引导的时间状语从句 1...


高考英语语法复习专题-状语从句高考真题

高考英语语法复习专题-状语从句高考真题_高考_高中教育_教育专区。高考必备! ...when D. where 用心 爱心 专心 答案 1 -- 5 11 -- 15 21 --25 31 ...


高考英语语法——状语从句

2015 年高三英语语法专题状语从句 高考英语冲刺总复习第六讲 状语从句状语...高考英语语法知识网络15... 11页 1下载券 2011届高考英语语法破解... 21页 ...


2017版3年高考2模拟英语 语法专题十一 状语从句

2017版3年高考2模拟英语 语法专题十一 状语从句 - A组 a fear of failure. A.Because C.Unless 2016~2014 年各省市高考题(改编) 1. ...


高考英语语法复习专题讲练-状语从句

高考英语语法复习专题讲练-状语从句 - 嘉兴英语教学网 www.jxenglish.com 收集整理 欢迎使用 专题十一状语从句 状语从句在高考试题中由于其他从句的干扰,以及倒装句...


2013年高考英语语法专题复习-状语从句

2013年高考英语语法专题复习-状语从句 - 备战 2013 届高考英语(通用版)一轮复习 专题 16 【考纲解读】 状语从句是高考的热点之一。状语从句又称为副词性从句,...


高考英语语法知识点归纳总结:状语从句(1)

高考英语语法知识点归纳总结:状语从句(1) - 状语从句 种类 从属连词 例句说明 When I came into the room, he was writing a letter...


最新高考英语语法专题复习分类汇编

最新高考英语语法专题复习分类汇编_高三英语_英语_...而引导词在从句中可作地点状语,引导词用 where;....where B.whenever C.whatever D.wherever ( )11...

网站首页 | 网站地图
All rights reserved Powered by 学霸学习网 www.tceic.com
copyright ©right 2010-2021。
文档资料库内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。zhit325@126.com