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2015 学年第二学期六校联考 高二英语试卷 命题人:杨飏 第 I 卷(共 69 分)
I. Listening Comprehension Section A (1’)


2016 年 5 月

Directions: In Section A, you will hear five short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. On the playground. 2. A. Terrible. B. In a hospital. B. Ordinary. C. At school. D. In a park. C. Excellent. D. Unique.

3. A. Typing a 24-page letter. C. Introducing the operation steps.

B. Making 24 copies of a paper. D. Presenting a marketing lecture.

4. A. The woman prefers subway as their transport means. B. They are arguing about which fishing place is better. C. The man likes to ride a bicycle as a hobby. D. They couldn’t afford the taxi fee. 5. A. He is going to travel in Brazil. B. He plays for Brazil during the 2014 Brazil World Cup. C. He doesn’t like football at all. D. He missed the game because he had to work.

Section B


Directions: In Section B, you will hear one short passage, and you will be asked three questions on the passage. The passage will be read twice but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 6 through 8 are based on the following passage. 6. A. It is kind of waste of time to park the cars. B. New drivers may not find the proper place. C. There is not enough parking space. D. Cycling is a better idea. 7. A. 8:30. B. 9:00. C. 9:30. D. 10:00.

8. A. By attending school. C. By conducting further research. Section C (1’)

B. By using the Internet. D. By reading journals.

Directions: In Section C, you will hear one longer conversation. The conversation will be read twice. After you hear the conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 9 through 12 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. High Purity View Repair Note Item: 9 . Problem: Pictures 10 . Repair fee: 11 yuan. Person to contact: Name: (Mr.) Jay Smith Position: 12

II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A (1’) Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. Is A Game Just A Game? Are you addicted to computer games? Do you stay up all night playing them? There’s no doubt that the excitement of games these days makes them hard to put down. We are spoilt for choice when it comes to gaming: You can role play - creating your own characters and stories, giving you a chance to step out of everyday life into (13) ________ imaginary world. And there are shooting games (14) ________ you can let out your anger and frustration in violent situations where you kill people with guns. Some people think that (15) ________ (absorb) in virtual reality does great harm to us. So far, popular games like Grand Theft Auto (16) ________ (blame) for everything from falling results at school to causing acts of extreme violence. Others argue that gaming is a harmless form of entertainment. There is evidence (17) ________ playing video games could actually be good for us. Some games are educational. Studies have also shown that the skills (18) ________ (use) in playing games can cause growth in certain areas of the brain, the ability (19) ________ (think) in 3D and even improve our eyesight. And for some, gaming is having a positive effect on their social lives with games like Halo and World of Warcraft often being played in groups. When you work as a group to win the game, your sense of achievement is higher than when winning by (20) ________.

Section B (1’) Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. considerably E. honored I. treatment B. considerately F. complete J creative C. domestic G originates K. tend D. collective H. discovery

Tu Youyou, an 84-year-old female scientist, became the first Chinese citizen to win a Nobel Prize in science on Oct 5. While the news has stirred China's national pride, it has also highlighted differences in prize-awarding practices between China and the world. Tu, a researcher at the China Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine, shared the 2015 Nobel Prize for Medicine with Irish-born William Campbell and Satoshi Omura of Japan for unlocking revolutionary treatments for parasitic ( 由寄生虫引起的 ) diseases. Campbell and Omura were ___21___ for their anti-roundworm treatment, while Tu came up with a new drug for malaria (疟疾). Tu conducted research in the 1970s that led to the ___22___ of artemisinin (青蒿素), a drug that has ___23___ cut the number of malaria deaths and saved millions of lives. The treatment is based on a herb (草药) used in Chinese traditional medicine. Artemisinin-based drugs are now the standard ___24___ for malaria. When news broke that Tu was being awarded the prize, there were cheers as well as doubts. Some said the achievement was the result of ___25___ efforts by lots of Chinese scientists, so it is unfair to award the prize only to Tu, China Youth Daily reported. Indeed, ___26___ science awards are primarily presented to projects, instead of individual scientists, the newspaper pointed out. But Western awards ___27___ to honor individual scientists who are the first to come up with a new idea or method, said Li Zhenzhen, a researcher with the China Academy of Sciences. "The West believes that the advancement of science ___28___ from individuals' creative minds," said Li. Tu got the award for three "firsts". She was the first to bring artemisinin to her project team, the first to extract a form of artemisinin that can altogether inhibit malaria, and the first to ___29___ a clinical trial, according to Zhang Boli, director of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences. "Awarding prizes to scientists with ___30___ ideas is the source of national innovation," Li suggested. "The key is to create fair rules to find the most convincing candidate."

III. Reading Comprehension Section A(1’) Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context.

Ride-sharing is popular in Europe. On a recent Friday evening, Vincent Accart drove his car to a busy station in Paris to __31__ three strangers for a three-and-a-half-hour drive to Rennes, another French city. It had all been arranged __32__, by the web. For more than a year, Mr. Accart has been making the weekly commute to Paris. To pay the cost of __33__ and tolls (通行费) for a round trip, he __34__ the other seats in his car by using a French website that arranges __35__ rides. The increase of ride-sharing services is one of the __36__ of the European economic crisis, as people seek to cut their costs on __37__. Workers making daily trips to and from the office, students heading home for the weekend and even vacationers chasing the sun are turning __38__ vehicles into the newest form of public transportation. Two European companies, BlaBlaCar, based in Paris, and, based in Munich, have become global leaders in the industry due to the __39__ of ride-sharing services. The two sites work in __40__ ways. Registered drivers in both companies offer seats at prices of their choosing and the companies __41__ these prices to prevent drivers from making profits on the trips and __42__ pay for tickets online. Jerome Lefloch, who was traveling to Rennes with Mr. Accart to visit friends for the weekend, said he enjoyed the social __43__ that could emerge from sitting with strangers for a few hours. ―It’s cheaper than the train and more __44__, too, because you can talk to the other people in the __45__,‖ he said. 31. A. pick out B. pick up 32. A. considerably B. ordinarily 33. A. labor B. material 34. A. abandons B. occupies 35. A. smart B. economic 36. A. positive outcomes C. negative outbreaks 37. A. travel B. food 38. A. private B. efficient 39. A. length B. overflow 40. A. profitable B. swift 41. A. raise B. lower 42. A. drivers B. passengers 43. A. affair B. interaction 44. A. boring B. effective 45. A. way B. train C. put on D. put in C. beforehand D. steadily C. time D. fuel C. fills D. buys C. shared D. cooperated B. side effects D. sudden emergencies C. clothes D. activities C. personal D. fashionable C. overtaking D. growth C. common D. similar C. limit D. indicate C. managers D. companies C. development D. movement C. comfortable D. pleasant C. car D. environment

Section B (24 分) Directions: Read the following four passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read.

(A) Childhood was an illusion(错觉) and the illusion was this: everything was bigger. No, I mean everything, not just houses and shops and grown-ups, but colors and flowers and journeys, especially journeys which seemed endless. "Are we there yet, Daddy?" Funfairs(游乐场) were huge things that spread for miles around you with noise and lights and exciting danger. Rainy days at home when you were ill seemed to last forever. Being a grown-up yourself was an un- thinkable distant possibility. Every sound was louder, every game was grander, every pain was unbearable. As I've grown old, life has become smaller. Tastes have dulled. Surprises have turned into shocks. Days go by unnoticed. How can I regain childhood when it was an illusion? I have only one repeatable and wonderful way and even in this way I can regain only part of that larger world. l can play upon the stage like a child and make the crowd laugh with them, sometimes helplessly like a child, and then, even though I'm a sixty-one-year-old man, I can almost catch the colors and sounds and stillness of those bigger years when I was little. 46. How does the author feel about his childhood? A. It was endless. B. It was unpleasant. C. He is glad that it is over. D. He misses it as a grown-up. 47. The author thinks that everything was bigger in childhood because A. children could not make proper judgments B. children were curious and eager about life C. things appeared really big in children's eyes D. to grow up seemed so long for children 48.The world seems to have become smaller to the author because _______. A .life is disappointing B. time goes by too fast C. he has had too many surprises D. foods no longer taste delicious 49. The author enjoys playing on the stage so as to A. act like a child B. live an unusual life C. make the crowd laugh D. regain his childhood ___

(B) Food is a major part of every culture. After all, everyone needs to eat! But each country has its own traditions regarding what people eat and when.

France France is known for its fine cuisine, and its people take food seriously. Most eat three meals a day at fixed times and never snack between meals. Breakfast is a light meal of bread and coffee. They eat lunch at around 1 p.m. and a dinner with multiple courses after 8 p.m. The French consider eating a social activity. Eating alone is rare, and eating while doing something else is unheard-of. The French take time to enjoy their meals — and visitors should do the same. Brazil Like the French, Brazilians typically eat a light breakfast. Lunch, the largest meal of the day, usually consists of some combination of meat, rice, potatoes, beans and vegetables. Between 6 p.m. and 8 p.m., people enjoy a smaller meal with their families. Brazilians don’t mind snacking and sometimes buy food from street carts. But they always finish eating before walking away. Egypt Egyptians commonly start the day with a drink, sometimes accompanied by bread. Breakfast can be eaten any time after this but before the day’s main meal. In the past, this main meal was served at around 3:00 p.m. But now people work longer hours and eat when they get home at around 6:00 p.m. Dinner parties are held later, around 9:00 p.m. Most Egyptian meals include bread or rice, cooked vegetables and beans or meat. The United States Americans’ ancestors came from many countries, so American eating habits vary. Some take time to prepare and eat a hot breakfast. Others grab a bagel while rushing out the door — or just skip breakfast. For lunch, most Americans eat a sandwich or leftovers. Traditionally, families gathered for a large evening meal around 6:00, but now busy schedules force many families to eat in shifts. American restaurant portions tend to be huge. But you don’t have to finish them; taking leftovers home is common. As you travel, try out some local eating habits — and enjoy the experience! 50. If you go to visit a French family, you’d better ______. A. take an active part in social activities with their friends B. enjoy the food together with the family members C. have three meals a day at flexible times D. eat lightly and quickly when you have breakfast 51. According to this passage, who probably like to eat bread most? A. the French B. Brazilians C. Egyptians 52. Which of the following is NOT TRUE according to this passage? A. Egyptians usually eat their breakfast any time. B. American families used to have dinner together. C. Brazilians don’t like snacking while walking. D. The French usually put value on their meal. 53. Why do Americans have different eating habits? A. Because America is a free country where people can do anything they like. B. Because Americans have busy schedules and have to attend different parties. D. Americans

C. Because American restaurant portions are usually large in different styles. D. Because the first settlers were made up of people from different parts of the world. (C) Plants cannot communicate by moving or making sounds, as most animals do. Instead, plants produce volatile compounds, chemicals that easily change from a liquid to a gas. A flower’s sweet smell, for example, comes from volatile compounds that the plants produces to attract insects such as bugs and bees. Plants can also detect volatile produced by other plants. A tree under attack by hunger insects, for instance, may give off volatile compounds that let other trees know about the attack. In response, the other trees may send off chemicals to keep the bugs away – or even chemicals that attract the bugs’ natural enemies. Now scientists have created a quick way to understand what plants are saying: a chemical sensor called an electronic nose. The ―e-nose‖ can tell compounds that crop plants make when they’re attacked. Scientists say the e-nose could help quickly detect whether plants are being eaten by insects. But today the only way to detect such insects is to visually inspect individual plants. This is a challenging task for managers of greenhouses, enclosed gardens that can house thousands of plants. The research team worked with an e-nose that recognizes volatile compounds. Inside the device, 13 sensors chemically react with volatile compounds. Based on these interactions, the e-nose gives off electronic signals that the scientists analyze using computer software. To test the nose, the team presented it with healthy leaves from cucumber, pepper and tomato plants, all common greenhouse crops. Then the scientists collected samples of air around damaged leaves from each type of crop. These plants had been damaged by insects, or by scientists who made holes in the leaves with a hole punch. The e-nose, it turns out, could identify healthy cucumber, pepper and tomato plants based on the volatile compounds they produce. It could also identify tomato leaves that had been damaged. But even more impressive, the device could tell which type of damage – by insects or with a hole punch – had been done to the tomato leaves. With some fine-turning, a device like the e-nose could one day be used in greenhouses to quickly spot harmful bugs, the researchers say. A device like this could also be used to identify fruits that are perfectly ripe and ready to pick and eat, says Natalia Dudareva, a biochemist at Purdue University in Wet Lafayette, Ind. who studies smells of flowers and plants. Hopefully, scientists believe, the device could bring large benefits to greenhouse managers in the near future. 54. We learn from the text that plants communicate with each other by _____. A. making some sounds B. waving their leaves C. producing some chemicals D. sending out electronic signals 55. What did the scientists do to find out if the e-nose worked? A. They presented it with all common crops. B. They fixed 13 sensors inside the device. C. They collected different damaged leaves. D. They made tests on damaged and healthy leaves.

56. According to the writer, the most amazing thing about the e -nose is that it can _____. A. pick out ripe fruits B. spot the insects quickly C. distinguish different damages to the leaves D. recognize unhealthy tomato leaves 57. We can infer from the last paragraph that the e-nose _____. A. is unable to tell the smell of flowers B. is not yet used in greenhouses C. is designed by scientists at Purdue D. is helpful in killing harmful insects

第Ⅱ卷(共 31 分) I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the brackets.(4+4+4+4+5 分) 1. 一般来说男孩更有可能痴迷于网络游戏和电子产品。(obsess) 2.正是直到尝试了他才发现那道题没有他想象的那么抽象。(It) 3.班主任要求学生列出所有要做的事,以便充分利用时间。(demand) 4.步入成年就意味着你要为你的行为负责,不再依靠父母。 (independent) 5.毫无疑问, 父母过高的期望、繁重的学业负担是高中生压力的主要来源。 (doubt)

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