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2011 届高考第一轮总复习满分练兵场
高二册 Unit 18

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Hurry up. ______(否则) you’ll be late. 2.Everyone is ______(意识) of the importance of knowledge. 3.It is said that he will make an ______(申请) to the club for membership. 4.Her furniture is in ______(储存) while she finds a new house. 5.The ______(审讯) of the murder case lasted a fortnight. 6.Do you know there is a ______(联系) between smoking and heart disease. 7.She is kind-hearted. You shouldn’t ______(拒绝) her offer of help. 8.In ______(以前的) times, I didn’t realize how valuable his advice was. 9.They come from different cultures and have different ______(背景). 10.Is there any ______(可能性) that we’ll see you this weekend? [答案] 1.Otherwise 2.aware 3.application 5.trial 6.connection 7.reject 8.previous 9.backgrounds 10.possibility/chance Ⅰ.完成句子(湖北专用) 1.The landlady had a few ____________ to rent for the students.(空房子) 2.New evidence has recently ____________(为人所知). 3.The fans ____________(急切) have a look at the singer, waiting outside the hotel in the cold. 4.I recognized her ____________(一??就) I saw her. 5.Does these plans ____________(与??一致) your arrangements? 6.I know nothing about him ____________(除??之外) he is a singer. 7.What I said about him also ____________(适用于) you. 8. Choosing what to eat is ____________ as easy as it once ____________.(选择吃什么不像过去那么简单 了。) 9.____________ with many other boys, he is fond of English.(和许多其他孩子一样,他喜欢英语) 10.____________ many people, I am indeed lucky.(和许多人相比,我确实很幸运。) [答案] 1.vacant rooms 2.come to light 3.were eager to 4.the instant in with 6.except that 7.goes for longer; was 9.In common 10.Compared to/with Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Sometimes it was a bit boring to work there because there wasn’t always ______ much to do. A. such B. that C. more D. very 2.I can think of many cases ______ students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay. A. why B. which C. as D. where 3.______ many women of her age, she struggled to find a balance between her career and her children. A. As to B. With C. As with D. As 4.When you go to the city, you should be careful not to ______ in a traffic jam.


A. get sticking B. get to stick C. get stuck D. get a stick 5.A quarrel ______, which made him ______ his family. A. was broken out; break away B. broke out; break away from C. was broken away; break out D. broke out; to break away from 6.Please remain ______ until the plane came to a complete stop. A. seat B. seating C. seated D. to be seating 7.I know you hate him very much, but ______ he is your only brother. A. in all B. above all C. after all D. at all 8.When she heard the story of the hero, Mary was moved ______ tears. A. at B. to C. by D. with 9.One way to understand more words is to gain ______ good knowledge ______ basic word information. A. /; in B. the; at C. a; of D. one; with 10.You will ______ sooner or later if you keep working like that. A. break off B. break down C. break into D. break out 11.______ he is well again, he can take part in the football match. A. For B. With C. Now D. Then 12.—Where have you been? —I got caught in the traffic, ______ I would have been here sooner. A. however B. although C. anyway D. otherwise 13.The president said that it was wrong for them to ______ the Union. A. break away from B. break down C. break away D. break out 14.We must be clearly ______ that English has been a must in international trade. A. known B. aware C. realised D. seen 15. (2010· 安徽第一次联考)When I lived with my roommates in the university, we ______ often talk into the night A. might B. could C. should D. would [答案] 1.B。考查 that 作副词的用法。that 相当于 so 表示“那么”。根据句意,故选 B。 2.D。先行词是 cases,意思是“情况”,where 引导定语从句,作状语,相当于 in which。 3.C。as to“至于”;as with 在此相当于 like,意为“正如??一样”。 4.C。句意:你要注意不要被交通困住了。 5.B。break out 是不及物动词词组,意为“发生”,break away from“脱离;背叛”,作 make 的宾 语补足语,用不带 to 的动词不定式。 6.C。seated 过去分词相当于形容词,表示“坐着的”。 7.C。in all“总共”;above all“首要的是”;after all“毕竟;别忘了”;at all“根本;丝毫”。 8.B。to 表示结果,意思是“致使”。 9.C。本题考查短语 a knowledge of 的用法,意为“一些有关某方面的知识”。 10.B。句意:如果你像那样不停地工作,你的身体早会出毛病(垮下来)的。 11.C。由题意可知第一分句是表原因的,故要使用 C 项,now (that)相当于 since/because“因为,由 于”。 12.D。句意:我堵车了,要不然我会早点儿到这里。otherwise“否则,要不然”。


13.A。break away from“脱离,挣脱”;break down“分解,垮掉,坏了”;break away“逃跑”, 尤指“突然的”行为;break out“(火灾,战争等)爆发,发生”。 14.B。be aware that...“意识到??”,为固定句型。realise 用于 sb. realise sth.或 sth. be realised 结构。 known 和 seen 两项用于该句式时应该用主动语态,所以正确答案应为 B 项。 15.D Ⅲ.阅读理解 A All her life, my mother wanted busy children. It was very important that her house should remain at all times clean and tidy. You could turn your back for a moment in my mother’s house, leave a half-written letter on the dining room table, a magazine open on the chair, and turn around to find that my mother had “put it back where it belonged,”as she explained. My wife, on one of her first visits to my mother’s house, placed a packet of biscuits on an end table and went to the kitchen to fetch a drink. When she returned, she found the packet had been removed. Confused (疑惑 的), she set down her drink and went back to the kitchen for more biscuits, only to return to find that her drink had disappeared. Up to then she had guessed that everyone in my family held onto their drinks, so as not to make water rings on the end tables. Now she knows better. These disappearances had a confusing effect on our family. We were all inclined to (有??的倾向) forgetfulness, and it was common for one of us, upon returning from the bathroom, to find that every sign of his work in progress had disappeared suddenly. “Do you remember what I was doing?” was a question frequently asked, but rarely answered. Now my_sister_has_developed_a_second - hand_love_of_clean_windows,_and my brother does the cleaning in his house, perhaps to avoid having to be the one to lift his feet. I try not to think about it too much, but I have at this later time started to dust the furniture once a week. We have all become busy persons. 1.Which of the following is TRUE about my mother? A. She enjoyed removing other’s drinks. B. She became more and more forgetful. C. She preferred to do everything by herself. D. She wanted to keep her house in good order. 2.My wife could not find her biscuits and drink in my mother’s house because ______. A. she had already finished them B. my mother had taken them away C. she forgot where she had left them D. someone in my family was holding them 3.The underlined part in the fifth paragraph suggests that my sister ______. A. is happy to clean windows B. loves to clean used windows C. is fond of clean used windows D. likes clean windows as my mother did 4.This passage mainly tells us that ______. A. my mother often made us confused B. my family members had a poor memory C. my mother helped us to form a good habit D. my wife was surprised when she visited my mother B Genetics is not just a science, let alone a technology or a business. Genetics is a profound idea. Genetics journals, for instance, fill their pages with discoveries of “disease genes” that lurk (潜伏) silent, in the twists and bends of our DNA, ready to turn on us. The very idea of disease genes that have yet to actually cause disease makes us feel “sick” even if we don’t have any symptom. Cancer genetics has brought even deeper changes. The disease used to be blamed on disguised external (外部的) agents attacking the body. But now the disease is seen as “a natural born part of the self”. You get cancer not solely, or even largely, because of something you ate, or because of some place you lived in, or because of some chemical you breathed. You have cancer because of who you are. After all, not everyone who lived as you lived got cancer.


Cancer_becomes_an_expression_of_our_essential_nature. Such a view affects how we act, as individuals and as a society. We get tested for cancer genes ( and don’t know what to make of the result: after all, about 25 to 50 percent of women who carry either of the two breast- cancer genes discovered so far do not get breast cancer). We think individually rather than socially, with results that we may, one day, regret. Environmental pollutants get less attention now that we are told, again and again, that the cause of disease lies in us. If we had focused on genes rather than viruses perhaps there would have been no social response to the epidemic (流行病). As a result of discoveries in genetics, says Rothman, “we are looking to locate problems in the individual.” Thinking genetically makes us say that the problem is not ours as a society but yours as an individual. 5.What is the new discovery that often leads to disease in the genetic field? A. Disease genes. B. Disturbing ideas. C. Twists and bends. D. Pollutants. 6.By saying “Cancer becomes an expression of our essential nature”, the author means ______. A. that cancer is a display of disease B. that cancer is not caused by external agents C. that everyone can get cancer D. that not everyone can get cancer 7.When discussing about the tests we did in the past to find ways of curing disease, the author implies that ______. A. we didn’t do them scientifically B. we can make use of some of those results C. we are happy with those results D. we will continue to do those tests this way 8.The new discovery shows that it is essential to examine disease ______. A. genetically B. socially C. individually D. generally [答案] 1. D。 这是一道推断题。 根据第一段“It was very important that her house should remain at all times clean and tidy.”可知(母亲)希望她的房子整天保持清洁有序。 2.B。这是一道推理题。根据第二段可知如果你把读了一半的书放在椅子上走开,母亲会把它放回原 位,所以“我妻子”找不到饼干是因为母亲把它拿走放回去了。 3.D。这是一道推理题。根据后面半句“and my brother does the cleaning in his house.”可以推断出这 句话是说我妹妹在妈妈的影响下也开始喜欢干净明亮的窗户了。 4.C。这是一道主旨题。本文主要讲述了母亲喜欢干净整洁,在她的影响下,我们全家都养成了这个 好习惯。 文章讲述遗传学不仅是一门科学也是一门深奥的理念,以及疾病基因的发现对癌症的检验所起的作 用。 5.A。细节判断题。由第一段第四句中“The very idea of disease genes that have yet to actually cause disease makes us feel ‘sick’ even if we don’t have any symptom.”可以得出答案。 6.B。句意理解题。根据第一段第六句中“The disease used to be blamed on disguised external(外部的) agents attacking the body. But now the disease is seen as ‘a natural born part of the self’.”可知答案。 7. A。 作者观点倾向题。 最后一段中的“If we had focused on genes rather than viruses, perhaps there would have been no social response to the epidemic(流行病).”这个句子采用了虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反, 由此可知答案。 8.C。细节判断题。由文章最后一段中的最后两句的内容可得出答案。



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