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Module 1 British and American English

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Introduction Reading and speaking

in common(with)共同的(地) 1. have ?in common 有??共同之处 have nothing in common 没有共同之处 have

a lot in common 有很多共同点 have (a) little in common 几乎没有(有)共同之处 In common with most teenagers, he likes playing basketball. 和大多数的少年一样,他喜欢打篮球。 【拓展】 common a.平常的,普通的;共同的,公共的 out of the common 非同寻常 the common people 老百姓 common knowledge/sense 常识 【辨析】 common a.平常的,普通的;共同的,公共的.(指 为许多人或事物所共同具备因而常见。反义词是 rare) ordinary a.通常的, 普通的; 平庸的, 平淡的 (强 调与一般的事物或标准相同,无奇特之处,反义词是 special) usual a.通常的,惯常的(强调常发生, 反义词 是 unusual) normal a..正常的, 平常的; 正规的, 规范的 (强 调符合标准,反义词是 abnormal) 1) This flower is very common here.这花在这儿很常 见。 2) He is an ordinary worker. 他是个普通的工人。 3) Let’s meet at the usual place. 咱们老地方见。 4) You can write to me at the school address or use my usual email address.你可以按学校的地址写信 给我或用我常用的邮箱地址给我发邮件。 5) It's normal to feel nervous before an exam. 考前紧 张是很正常的事。 【高考链接】Letterboxes are much more _____ in the UK than in the US, where most people have a mailbox instead.
(浙江 06)

The restaurant is open every day except/apart from/but Monday. 这家饭店除星期一外, 每天都 营业. 2) Besides /In addition to/Apart from English, he has to study German.除了英语, 他还要学德语。 3) The composition is well-written except for/ apart from a few spelling mistakes.除了几个拼写错误 外,这篇作文写得不错。 【高考链接】Some people choose jobs for other reasons ____ money these days.(全国 II0711) A. for B. except C. besides D. with

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2. 1.

Reading and speaking

【复习】 the same as 与??一样(反义 be different from) the same ?as+定语从句 (表同一类) the same ?that+定语从句(表同一个) 1) People from Shanghai sound the same as people from Xi’an. 上海人的口音听起来与西安人一 样。 2) This is the same bike as I lost yesterday. 这辆自行 车和我昨天丢失的那一辆一样。 (不是同一辆) 3) This is the same bike that I lost. 这就是我昨天丢 失 的那辆自行车。 (同一辆) 【高考链接】There at the door stood a girl about the same height _____. (北京春季 0422) A. as me B. as mine C. with mine D. with me 2. obvious a.显然的,明显的(more ~ ; most~) obviously adv. 显然地(常用于句首) 【常用句型】It is obvious(to sb)that ? 1) It was obvious to everyone that the child had been badly treated. 大家都清楚那孩子受过虐待. 2) For obvious reasons the police cannot give any more details about the case. 3) Obviously, she needs help. 她显然需要帮助. prefer vt.更喜欢,宁愿 prefer A to B 与 B 相比,更喜欢 A prefer doing/to do sth 宁愿做某事 prefer doing A to doing B =prefer to do rather than do 宁愿做 A 不愿做 B prefer sb (not) to do 宁愿某人(不)做某事 prefer that sb (should) do would/should prefer to do=would rather do 宁愿做某 事

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A. common B. normal C. ordinary D. usual 【复习归纳】 except 除了??之外 (表示不包括在内, 不用于句首) besides 除了??还有(包括在内) except for 除了 1. 位于句首=except 2. 用于挑毛病,而且前后提到的 事物不同类(二者为所属关系) but=except in addition to=besides apart from=except/except for/besides (万能短语)

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Module 1 British and American English

would prefer sb to do= would rather sb did 宁愿某人做 1) I prefer walking to cycling. 我愿意步行, 不愿意 骑自行车. 2) Henry prefers travelling by train. 亨利宁愿乘火 车旅行。 3) She prefers to be alone. 她宁愿独自一人. 4) They preferred to die rather than surrender. 他们 宁死不屈。 5) I should prefer you not to stay there too long. =I prefer that you (should) not stay there too long. 我倒希望你不要在那儿呆得太久。 4. get around/about 四处走动;旅行;避开;逃避;(消 息、谣言等)传开 1) I don’t want to stay at home. I’d like to get around. 我不想待在家里,我想要旅游。 2) Don’t try to get around the question by changing the subject.不要企图通过改变话题来回避问题。 3) The news of her resignation soon got about. 她辞 职的消息不久就传开了. 【拓展】get 的相关短语 get around=get about (到)各处走动;(到)各处旅行 get around=spread vi.(消息、谣言等)传开 get across 理解,明白,把??传达,表达出来 get along(with)进展(行);相处 get away(from)逃掉 get down to(doing)sth 开始认真(做某事) get rid of 去掉,处理 get back 回来;收回 get off 下来,下车;起飞;脱掉,除去 get through 做完,通过;接通(电话) get close to 接近 5. Americans use a flashlight, while for the British, it' s a torch.手电筒在美国人们说 flashlight 而英国人则用 torch。 【解析】本句是由 while 引导的一个并列句,表示前 后两部分的对比。此处 while 意为而,然而,表示对 比或转折。此时 while 一般位于句中。 1) Some people waste food while others haven't enough.有些人浪费粮食,然而有些人却吃不饱。 2) Wu Song was tall and strong while his brother was short and weak. 武松长得高大威猛而他的哥哥 却很矮小瘦弱。 【拓展】 while 还有引导状语从句,有以下四种用法: ① 引导时间状语从句,意为当??的时候,此时主句谓 语是短暂动词而从句的谓语通常是延续性动词。

He fell asleep while (he was) doing his homework. 他做着做着功课就睡着了. ② 引导时间状语从句, 意为与...同时,主句和从句都为 延续性动作。 4) While Mary was writing a letter, the children were playing outside. 玛丽写信时孩子都在外面玩儿. ③ 表示让步,通常位于句首,意为尽管;虽然,相当于 although 或 though。 5) While I understand what you say, I can't agree with you. 虽然我理解你的意思,但我还是不同意。 ④ 引导条件状语从句,意为只要其意思和用法相当于 as long as,while 可位于句首,也可位于句中。 6) You don't have to worry while we are here.只要有 我们在,你就别着急。 7) While there is life, there is hope.留得青山在不怕 没柴烧 【高考链接】 (四川 0729)I'd like to study law at university _____ my cousin prefers geography. A. though B. as C. while D. For (山东 0729)____ I really don't like art, I find his work impressive. A. As B. Since C. If D. While (易错题)—Was it under the tree _____ you were away talking to a friend? —Sure. But when I got back there, the bike was gone. A. that B. where C. which D. while 6. confusing adj.令人困惑的;难懂的 confuse vt.使迷惑;使难于理解 confused adj.感到迷惑的,感到难懂的 confusion n.困惑,混乱;混淆 【短语拓展】 confuse A with/and B 把 A 和 B 相混淆 be confused by/at sth.被??搞糊涂了 get/become confused 困惑,不知所措 in confusion 困惑地;困窘地 1) What he said was confusing,so I was confused at his words.他说的话很难懂, 所以我对他说的话感 到迷惑不解。 2) Don't confuse Austria and/with Australia. 不要把 奥地利跟澳大利亚弄混淆了.

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Module 1 British and American English

compare vt. 比较;对照;比喻;匹敌 comparison n.比较,对照;比拟,比喻 comparative a.比较的,相对的 【短语拓展】 compare A with/and B 把 A 和 B 比较一下 compare A to B 把 A 比作 B compare notes 交换看法;对笔记 compared to/with 较之(作状语) beyond compare 无与伦比,举世无双 in comparison with 与??相比 by comparison 比较起来,较之(多用于句首) 1) Compare this with that, and you will see which is better. 将这个与那个比较一下,你就会知道哪个 比较好了。 2) This view is beyond compare. 这景色无与伦比。 3) A teacher's work is often compared to a candle.教 师的工作常被比作蜡烛。 4) The poet compares his lover to a rose in his poems. 诗人在他诗歌中把他的情人比作玫瑰花。 5) The amount of rainfall is down compared with last year. 同去年相比,降雨量减少了。 【注意】命题方向:compare 与 with 和 to 所构成的 句型及其现在分词和过去分词形式作状语的用法。 【高考链接】 (湖北 0428)_______with the size of the whole earth , the biggest ocean does not seem big at all . A. Compare B. When comparing C. Comparing D. When compared (重庆 0925)Michael's new house is like a huge palace, ______ with his old one. A. comparing B. compares C. to compare D. compared (浙江 0605)When ______ different cultures, we often pay attention only to the differences without noticing the many similarities. A. compared B. being compared C. comparing D. having compared 7. 8. Many factors has influenced American pronunciation since the first settlers arrived four hundred years ago.自 从四百年前第一批移民到达美洲开始, 有许多的因素 影响了美式发音。 【总结归纳】连词 since 的用法 1. 既然(引导原因状语从句) Since everybody is here, let’s start the meeting.既然大 家到齐了,我们开始开会吧。 2. 自从以来(引导时间状语从句) ,

用法如下: sb has done +since sb + 短暂动词过去式 延续动词完成式 I’ve been feeling down since I lost my job. 自从 失去工作后,我的情绪一直处于低潮。 : 2) She has never come to see me since I have lived in the city. 自从我住到城里,她就一直不来看我。 【注意】 1) since 从句谓语动词延续性动词,且为一般过去 时时,表示该动作结束后的情况。如: I have made great progress since I was ill. 我自病愈以来取得了很大的进步。 2) since 前有 ever,或从句谓语动词是 be 且后接表 示人成长过程中的某个阶段或年龄的名词、形容词时,仍 然按字面意思理解。如: I have lived here ever since I was a child. 我从还是个孩子时就一直住在这儿。 3. 常用句型 1) It is/has been +时间段+since +sb did sth It was +时间段+since + sb had done 1) 2) 3) It has been ten years since he became a teacher.他 当老师十年了。 It has been ten years since he was a teacher. 他不 当老师已经十年了。 It was two years since they had left. 他们离开两 年了。

be similar to 与??相似 1) Your views on education are similar to mine.你的 教育观点与我的相似。 2) Paul is very similar in appearance to his brother.保 罗和他哥哥长得很像。 【拓展】 be similar in 在??方面相似 similarity n.类似,相似 similarly adv.相同地,同样地 1) The children were similarly dressed. 2) I can see the similarity between you and your mother. 10. have difficulty (in) doing sth 做某事有困难 We had no difficulty (in) finding the house. 我们毫不费劲地找到了那所房子. 【联想】spend time/money (in) doing waste time/money (in) doing It’s a waste of time doing be busy (in) doing 9.

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Module 1 British and American English

have a good/hard/? time doing

Vocabulary and Listening
11. on the air 在广播(书本第 5 页) in the air 在流传中; 流行的;未确定的; 在空中(书
本第 6 页)

1) 2)

This channel comes on the air every morning at 7 am. 这个频道每天早晨 7 点钟开始播放 The date of the dinner party is still in the air. 宴会 的日期尚未确定。

13. in favour of 赞同,支持 【短语拓展】 do sb a favour=do a favour for sb.帮某人忙 ask a favour of sb.要求??帮忙 in favour 赞同的;得宠的;流行的 out of favour 失宠的 1) Most of the students are in favour of the new rules. 绝大多数学生都支持这些新的规章制度。 2)

Speaking and Writing
12. add vt.添(增)加;把?加起来 vi.(to)增添 additive n.添加剂 adj. 附加的; 增加的; addition n.加,加法; 【短语拓展】 add...to...在??中加上?? add to 增加,加强添加(常接抽象名词,如 trouble, difficulty, knowledge, pleasure, surprise 等) add up 加起来 add up to 总计,总共有 add in 包括 in addition 另外 in addition to 除??之外 1) She added some sugar to her coffee. 2) Many words have been added to this edition of the dictionary. 本词典的这一版里新增加了很多词. 3) If there is going to be a volleyball team, please don't forget to add me in. 要是成立排球队,请别 忘了算我在内。 4) Add up the figures in this column. 把这一栏的数 字合计一下。 5) The bills add up to exactly $100. 这些帐单加起 来正好一百元。 6) The bad weather only added to our difficulties. 这 种坏天气更增加了我们的困难. 【高考链接】 (北京 0628)There have been several new events _____ to the program for the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. A. add B. to add C. adding D. added (2009·广东深圳模拟)—Has Mary come back yet? — Yes. She has got many books from her elder schoolmates, which ________ 1,000. A. add up B. add up to C. add to D. add

?do me a favour? Could you ? ?do a favour for me? 你能帮我个忙吗?

everyday English
14. make a fuss of = pay particular and often excessive attention to sb/sth 对??过于注意: 1) Don't make so much fuss over the children. 不要 对孩子照顾得太过分. 2) A lot of fuss was made of the play, but it wasn't a success. 对那出戏不厌其烦地精心计划, 到头来 却并不成功. 15. wear off 渐渐减少,逐渐消失 1) The excitement of moving to a new town will soon wear off.新搬到一个市镇去的高兴劲儿不久就会 消失。 2) The pain is wearing off. 疼痛渐渐消失了。

culture corner
16. attempt n.企图;试图;尝试 vt.试图;企图 attempted adj.未遂的,意图的 ~ murder 【短语拓展】 attempt sth.尝试某事 attempt to do=attempt doing sth (少用). make an attempt to do sth.尝试(试图)做某事 make an attempt at doing sth. at one's first attempt 第一次尝试 1) The prisoners attempted an escape/to escape, but failed. 囚犯企图逃跑, 但是失败了. 【辨析】try 和 attempt try 普通用词,指为成功做某事而付出努力或花费一 定代价;try to do 表示努力做某事,try doing 表示尝 试着做。 attempt 常指一次的而不是继续的尝试,往往暗示这 种尝试达不到目的。后接不定式与动名词时意义相 同。

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Module 1 British and American English

17. thanks to 幸亏;由于 【拓展】 : 表示“因为”的短语有: because of+n.常用状语。 due to+n.常作表语或状语(一般不用于句首) owing to+n.常作表语或状语。 thanks to+n.常作状语,表达说话者的感情色彩。 on account of+n.常作状语。 Thanks to the success of his first album, he is now a wealthy man.由于他第一张专辑的成功,他现在是一 个富有的人。 The accident was due to careless driving. 事故是由于 驾驶不小心造成的。 The flight has been delayed owing to fog.由于大雾这 个航班延误了。 18.find+复合宾语(宾语+宾补)结构。 充当宾补的有动词 ing、过去分词、不定式、名词、副 词、等。 译:当他到家时,他发现他的儿子正在玩电脑游戏。 ___________________________________ 这个可怜的人发现他的汽车被盗了。 ___________________________________________ _________ 19.variety 用法 a variety of=various___________ vary…with________ variation___________ 译 : 价 格 随 着 季 节 的 变 化 而 不 同 。 ________________________________________. 由于不同的原因,他被迫离开他的祖国。 ___________________________________. 20. lead to +doing

论,谈论;谈到;说 When the Irish writer George Bernard Shaw made the famous remark that the British and the Americans are two nations divided by a common language, he was obviously thinking about the differences. (P2) remark that ……说……, 评论…… remark on / upon sth / sb 谈论某事或某人 make a remark / remarks on / about … 对……发表评论 remarkable adj. 引人注目的;异常的,非 凡的 1)He remarked that he would be absent the next day. 2)He was remarking upon the subject when I came into the room. 3)Please make a remark on “Better City, Better Life”, the theme of the 2010 Shanghai World Expo. 请你说说自己对上海世博会主题 “城 市,让生活更美好”的认识。
22. because/as/since/now that /for 辨析 I didn’t go because it rained. It was because it rained that I didn’t go. As you are evidently very busy, I will not waste your time. Since you are going, I will go too. Now that you have finished your work, you may go. It must be morning for the birds are singing.一定是清 晨了,因为鸟儿在叫. 归纳总结:_____/_____(既然)语气较弱,强调已知的 事实。__________是并列连词,表示推断的原因,或对前 一分句补充说明理由,不能放于句首。___________通常表 示直接的原因。引导的从句表示直接而明确的原因和理 由,表示按因果关系的推断,语气最强,用来回答 why 的问题,用于强调句型。________意为“因为、由于”,语 气比 because 弱,所引导的从句表示的是不言而喻、显而 易见的原因和理由,其从句一般放在主句前。 随堂练习: 1. My sister was against my suggestion while my brother was ___________ it. A. in honor of B. in memory of C. in favor of D. in search of 2. The president spoke at the business meeting for nearly an hour without________his notes. A. bringing up B. referring to C. looking for D. trying on 3.__________you have enough money, why not buy a

But it has also led to lots of America words and structures passing into British English, so that some people now believe that British English will disappear. (P3) lead sb to do sth 领着或领导某人做某事 lead sb to sp 领某人去某处 lead/live a …… life 过着……的生活 in the lead 带头,领先,处于领先地位 take the lead 带头 1)The picture led me to think of my childhood. 2)Could you do me a favour and lead me to the bus station? 3)The guide led us through the forest. 4)The one in the second lane is in the lead now. 1.
21. remark

n.

言辞;评论;讲话

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Module 1 British and American English

new car? A. Now that B. Because C. For D. As 4.The expenses______________100 yuan. A. add up B. add up to C. add D. adding 5. She __________Japanese when she was in Japan. Now she can speak it freely. A. picked out B. made out C. made up D. picked up 6._________the new policy, we are now living a happy life. A. Thanks to B. Because C. For D. Thank for 7.It was__________he was ill__________he couldn’t attend the meeting. A. as; that B. because; that C. for; so D. since; that 8. He has been used to___________in the USA. A. live B. lived C. living D. lives 附课后单词表及例句。 have?in common 有共同的利益﹑ 特点等 Jane and I have nothing in common. 简和我毫无共同之处. linguist n.语言学家;精通数种外国语言者 She's an excellent linguist. 她精通数国语言. make a difference 有影响,使不相同 1) The rain didn't make much difference (to the game). 这场雨(对比赛)没多大影响. 2) It won't make much difference whether you go today or tomorrow. 你今天去也好, 明天去也好, 关系不大. accent n.口音,腔调;重音(符号) He's got a strong French/Scottish accent.他说话带很重 的法国口音。 obvious a.显然的,明显的 It was obvious that Gina was lying. Gina 明显在说谎。 motorway n.高速公路 Because of the bad weather, motorway (driving) conditions are expected to be dangerous tonight. 因为天气恶劣,估计高速路上驾车会很危险。 underground n. 地下, (英)地铁, 地道, 秘密活动 I used to go to work by underground when I was in London. 我在伦敦时,通常乘地铁上班。 subway n.(美)地铁, 地下通道 A funny thing happened in the subway yesterday. 昨天地铁里发生了一件有趣的事。 The subway in New York can be a bit confusing for

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first-time visitors. 对于第一次去纽约的人来说,那 里的地铁有点儿让人摸不着头脑。 get around 四处走动(旅行) One of the most convenient ways to get around a city is by taxi.到城市走走最便捷的方法之一是乘坐出租车。 flashlight n.手电筒;火把;闪光灯 The inspector was shining a flashlight onto the tickets. 查票员打着手电筒查看车票。 queue n. (英)排队(等候) People had to stand in a queue for hours to buy a ticket. 人们买票得排几小时的队. confusing a. 令人困惑的 1) Sometimes the same word has a slightly different meaning, which can be confusing. 有时同样的 单词词义有细微的差别,这会把人弄糊涂。 2) The subway in New York can be a bit confusing for first-time visitors. 对于第一次去纽约的人 来说,那里的地铁有点儿让人摸不着头脑。 preposition n.介词 1) Out is also used as a preposition. out 也被用作介 词。 2) You should cancel this preposition in the sentence. 你应该删去句子中的这个介词。 compare vt./n. 比较【拓展】比得上 ~?with/to?把??和??比较 ~?to?比喻 ;把??和??比较 1) Compare this with that, and you will see which is better. 将这个与那个比较一下,你就会知道哪个 比较好了。 2) This view is beyond compare. 这景色无与伦比。 3) A teacher's work is often compared to a candle.教 师的工作常被比作蜡烛。 4) The amount of rainfall is down compared with last year. 同去年相比,降雨量减少了。

6.

7.

15. omit vt.省略,删节;遗漏,疏忽 1) Don' t omit a single detail.一点细节也不要漏掉。 2) The typist omitted the last line of the letter. 打字 员遗漏了信的最后一行字。 3) This part of the book may be omitted. 书的这一部 分可以省略。 16. differ vi.不同,相异;(在意见方面)发生分歧 differ from 与??不同 differ in 在??方面不同 1) The other two areas in which the two varieties

8.

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differ are spelling and pronunciation.在两种英语 中另外两个领域的区别是拼写和发音。(课文原 文) 2) People differ from one another in their ability to handle stress.人们在处理压力方面能力各不相 同。 17. settler n. 移民;定居者 1) They were the earliest settlers in America. 他们是 最早去美国的移民。 2) One of his forefathers was an early settler in America.他的祖先之一是美洲的早期移民。 18. be similar to 语??相似 1) My view is similar to yours. 我的看法与你相似。 2) The two cars are very similar in size and design. 这两辆车从大小和设计上都很相似。 19. remark n. 评论; vt.谈到,评论,注意 vi. 评论 (~ on/upon) 1) He had a habit of making humorous remarks. 他有 说幽默话的习惯。 2) I remarked the tense atmosphere as soon as I entered the room. 我一走进房间,就觉察到了紧 张的气氛。 3) Prof. Smith remarked on the difference between the two dictionaries. 史密斯教授谈到了这两本 词典的不同之处。 20. variation n.变化, 变动 After all, there is probably as much variation of pronunciation within the two countries as between them. 毕竟, 在这两个国家境内的口音差别可能和两个国家 之间的口音差别一样多。 21. have difficulty (in) doing sth 做某事有困难 We had no difficulty (in) finding the house. 我们毫不费劲地找到了那所房子. 【联想】spend time/money (in) doing waste time/money (in) doing It’s a waste of time doing be busy (in) doing have a good/hard/? time doing 22. steadily ad. 不 断 地 ; 连 续 地 ; 坚 定 地 ; Unemployment has risen steadily. 失业者不断增加。 23. satellite n.卫星,人造卫星 The satellite was launched into orbit around the moon. 卫星被发射到环绕月球的轨道。

24. flick vt./ n.轻弹(打,拍);(快轻地)移动 1) With a flick of its tail, the cat was gone.一甩尾巴, 猫不见了 2) A flick of a switch turns the machine on.轻轻一按 开关就把机器开动了。 25. switch n.开关 v.改变, 交换 1) You pressed the wrong switch. 你按错了开关。 2) He switched the light on. 他打开电灯。 3) They switched the train to the other track. 他们把 列车转到另一轨道上。 4) They switched the talk to a more interesting subject. 他们把谈话转到比较有趣的题目上去 了。 26. lead to 导致; 导向 (=bring about/result in/cause) 1) Smoking can lead to lung cancer. 抽烟可能导致 肺癌。 2) All roads lead to Rome. 条条大路通罗马。 3) Her poor French often leads to misunderstandings when she visits France. 她的法语很差劲,因而 她访问法国时常引起误会。 27. structure n.结构,构造;建筑物;体系 1) We know a lot about the structure of genes now. 如今我们对基因的结构有了较多的了解。 2) We visited the museum, a steel and glass structure. 我们参观了博物馆,它是一座钢和玻璃的建筑 物。 28. announcement n.通告;宣布;言谈 make an announcement 通知 1) An announcement will be made next week. 下周 将有一个通告发布。 2) We waited for the announcement of the result of the competition quietly.我们静静地等待宣布竞赛 结果。 29. linguistics n.语言学 1) Linguistics can be defined as the science of language. 语言学是研究语言的科学。 2) He dived into studies in linguistics.他潜心于语言 学的研究。 30. edition n.版,版本 1) This edition of the dictionary is sold out. 这个版 本的字典已售完了。 2) The last edition of this newspaper goes to press at 6 p.m. 该报的最后一版下午六点钟付。 31. cute a. 逗人喜欢的 Isn't she a cute baby? 她是多麽逗人喜爱的婴儿啊!

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32. add v.加, 增加, 补充 add?to?把??加入?? add to 添加(感觉等抽象的词) add up (to) 加起来(等于) add in 包括 1) Many words have been added to this edition of the dictionary. 本词典的这一版里新增加了很多词. 2) If there is going to be a volleyball team, please don't forget to add me in. 要是成立排球队,请别 忘了算我在内。 3) Add up the figures in this column. 把这一栏的数 字合计一下。 4) The bills add up to exactly $100. 这些帐单加起 来正好一百元。 5) Add up 3, 4 and 5 and you'll get 12. 把三、四、五 相加,总数是十二。 33. in favour of 同意;支持 1) On the whole, I'm in favour of the proposal. 总的 说来,我赞成这个提议。 2) It strikes me that nobody is in favour of the changes. 我留意到谁也不喜欢这些改革。 34. present vt.提出,陈述(观点) ;赠(送) a.出席的;现在的 n.现在;礼物 He presented the report to his colleagues at the meeting.在会上他把这份报告 2) What is your present job?你现在的工作是什么? 3) Present at the meeting were the leading members of the departments concerned.出席会议的有各有 关部门的负责人。 (倒装句) 4) 经典背诵:The boy present at the meeting was considering asking his father for a book on the present tense as a birthday present. 35. refer to ?as? 称??为?? He likes to be referred to as Michael instead of Mr. Smith.他喜欢大伙称他 Michael 而不是史密斯先生。 36. attempt n./ vt.尝试,企图,努力 1) The prisoners attempted an escape/to escape, but failed.囚犯企图逃跑, 但是失败了. 2) They failed in all their attempts to climb the mountain. 他们攀登那座山的一切尝试都失败 了. 3) They made no attempt to escape.他们无意逃跑。 37. simplify vt.简化,使简明 1) The English in this story has been simplified to 1)

2) 3)

make it easier to understand.这个故事里的英语被 简写了,可更容易理解。 Simplify the instructions so that children can understand them 简化指示便於儿童理解 That will simplify my task. 那可简化我的工作.

38. combination n. 组合;结合 His character is a combination of strength and kindness. 他的性格是刚柔并济。 39. thanks to 由于,多亏 1) Thanks to his assistance, we got out of the dark cave safely. 幸亏有他帮助,我们才安全地走出 漆黑的山洞。 2) Thanks to your hard work, we can fulfil the task on time. 托赖大家的努力, 我们才能按时完成任 务。 40. distinctive a.与众不同的;有区别的;有特色的 1) This bird has several distinctive features.这个鸟具 有几种突出的特征。 2) She had a distinctive appearance.她的外貌与众不 同。 41. look n. 外观;外表;样子;神色;看 1) I knew something was wrong: everyone was giving me funny looks.我知道有点不对头, 因为人人都 怪模怪样地看着我. 2) Chongqing has taken on a new look. 重庆呈现出 新面貌。 42. criticise/ criticize vt. 批评 1) He criticized my taking risks. 他批评了我的冒险 举动. 2) Doctors have criticized the government for failing to invest enough in the health service.医生们批评 政府对卫生保健的投入不够。 43. standard a. 标准的 1) Searching luggage at airports is now standard practice. 2) We make shoes in standard and wide sizes. 44. reference n. 参考;查阅;参考书目;提到 1) Keep this dictionary for reference.这本词典留着 查阅用。 2) The book is full of references to places I know. 这 本书里提到许多我熟悉的地方.

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自 我 评 价 : _________________________________________________ _______________________ 随堂巩固: 1. Karen has________in common with her sister because they are twins. A. much B. little C. less D. few 2. The rain didn’t________much difference to the game. A. produce B. make C. tell D. mark 3. Does Lisa have a new hair style? Yes. In fact, it is quite similar_________yours. A. as B. like C. to D. with 4. The discovery of new evidence led to______________ A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught 5. What_________you_________that he is dishonest? A. led; in believing B. led; to believe C. led; believe D.led; believed 6. I will tell you what troube I had__________your house on the way I came here. B. find B. found C. finding D. founded 7. ---Which of the two shirts should I take, sir? ---_________this with that, and you will see which is better. A. Compare B. Comparing C. Compared D. To compare 8. People___________all the different labels on food these days. A. confused B are confused about C. confuse D. were confused by 汉译英: 1. 地 震 导 致 很 多 楼 房 被 毁 。 ____________________________________. 2. 当 他 醒 来 时 他 发 现 自 己 躺 在 树 底 下 。 _____________________________ 3. 很 明 显 这 对 双 胞 胎 有 很 多 共 同 之 处 。 ____________________________________. 4. 这两个学生在性格方面是否相似对我很有影响。 ___________________________________. 5. 与 玛 丽 相 比 , 我 们 很 幸 运 。 _________________________________________________ ____ 6. 他 学 英 语 有 困 难 。 _________________________________________________ ______ 7. 虽然我喜欢这顶帽子的颜色,但我不喜欢它的形状。 _______________________________.

语法探究 (动词的时态)
1. 一般现在时 ① 主要表示经常发生的动作或存在的状态、现在的情 况或状态、永恒的真理等。 Eg.She visits her parents every day. ② 动词 go,come,leave, arrive 等常用一般现在时表示将 来。 Eg.The train from Beijing arrives at 5 this afternoon. ③ 在 时 间 和 条 件 状 语 从 句 中 , 常 用 ______________________ 表 示 ___________________。 Eg.When she arrives, I’ll let you know. 2.现在进行时 ①表示此时此刻或现阶段正在进行的动作。The students are preparing for the final exam. ②一些非延续动词也可用于现在进行时,但是表示“将要 发 生 ” 。 如 : come,go,leave,die,stop,start,arrive,finish,approach 等 The train is arriving soon. ③与 always,all the time,forever,constantly 等连用,表示说 话人的赞赏、责备、厌恶等感情。 Eg.He is constantly changing his mind. 3.现在完成时 ①表示过去发生的动作对现在造成的影响或结果, 也表示 某动作从过去某时一直延续到现在。常与 yet,just,recently,so far,up to now,for…,since…,in the past/last…等连用。 She has lived here since 1994. ②在 “This/It is the…time that…”句型中,that 从句的谓语 动词常用现在完成时。 This is the first time that I’ve heard him sing. ③在“This /It is the +形容词最高级+名词+that …句型中, that 从句中的谓语动词常用现在完成时。 It is the best film I’ve ever seen. 1. 一般将来时 ① 由“will/shall+动词原形”构成,表示将要发生的 动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用 I will be 18 years old next week. ②由 “be going to+动词原形” 构成,表示打算做某事或 根据某种迹象判断某事将发生。 She is not going to meet him at the station. Look at the clouds . There is going to be a thunderstorm. 随堂练习:

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Module 1 British and American English

用所给动词的正确形式填空。 1.I haven’t seen John for a long time. He ______________(be)away from here for five years. 2.The milk in the fridge_________(go) bad. You’d better drink it as soon as possible. 3. She_____________(buy) a new house. She _____________(move) into it soon. 4. He is going to be an engineer when he_________(grow) up. 5. My son isn’t diligent, but he___________(work) hard since this term. 6. I play table tennis quite well,but I__________(not have) time to play since the new year. 7.---When are your parents leaving? ---Their plane__________(take) off at 1:30 pm. 8.So far, he ________(help)over 200 college students to continue their studies. 9.The house belongs to my aunt but she_____________(not live) here any more.

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