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【名师一号】2015高考英语一轮复习 Unit 3 A healthy lifel课时检测 新人教版选修6


Unit 3
Ⅰ.词汇知识

A healthy life

(计时:45 分钟)

1.— Did you find out the time of the train to Miami? — Yes, the early train is ________ to leave at 5:30 am. A. d

ue C. possible 答案与解析 B. likely D. about A be due to do“按计划预定要做某事”。火车的时刻表是事先制订好

的,不能说“可能”在什么时候出发,所以不选 B 项。possible 一般以 it 作形式主语, be about to do 不能与具体的时间状语连用,故 C、D 两项不对。 2.The conference has been held to discuss the ________ of global warming on people's lives all over the world. A. importance C. protection 答案与解析 B. effects D. attitudes

B 句意:已经召开了会议讨论全球气候变暖对全世界人们生活的影响。

effect“影响”, 符合句意。 importance“重要性”; protection“保护”; attitude“态 度”。 3.Jim was ________ to have troubled me with so many questions. A. guilty C. miserable 答案与解析 D B. crazy D. ashamed 句意:吉姆问了我很多问题,感到很不好意思。 be ashamed to do

sth.“为做??而感到惭愧”; be guilty of“犯有??罪、过失”; crazy“疯狂的; 狂热的”; miserable“痛苦的;凄惨的”。 4.— How do you find Qingdao, Mary? — It's a beautiful seaside city. I have ________ it for my next holiday. A. decided on C. taken on 答案与解析 B. tried on D. carried on A 句意:——玛丽,你认为青岛怎么样?——它是一个非常美的海滨城

市,下个假期我决定去那儿。decide on“选定;作出决定”,符合句意。try sth. on“试 穿(衣物)”; take on“呈现”; carry on“继续”。 5.________ the heavy rain and flooding, lots of people have been forced to leave their homes. A. In spite of C. Because B. Due to D. Since
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答案与解析 B in spite of(尽管;不管)和 due to(由于)后接名词或短语, because 和 since 后接句子。句意:由于大雨和洪涝造成许多人被迫离开他们的家园。故选 B 项。 Ⅱ.单句语法填空 6. Luis is ________ a lot of stress right now because he has been addicted ________ drugs. 答案与解析 under; to under a lot of stress“有很大压力”; be addicted to

sth.“对??有瘾;对??着迷”。 7.Every time he ________ (come) to visit me, he will buy me some books. 答案与解析 comes every time 在句中用作连词,引导时间状语从句,故应使用“主 将从现原则”,即主句使用将来时,从句使用一般现在时替代将来时。 8.If you take ________ risk of not wearing a seat belt, you will be at risk. 答案与解析 the take the risk of ...“冒着(做)??的危险”; at risk“处于

危险中;处境危险”。 9.Someone knocked on the door and Jimmy hurried to see who ________ was. 答案与解析 it it 指不明性别的人。 10.We've been looking for cheap houses but haven't found ________ we like yet. 答案与解析 one 句意:我们一直在寻找便宜的房子,但是还没有发现我们想要的房

子。one 不带任何前置定语,单独使用时,表示泛指,指同类事物中的一个,常替代前面提 到的单数可数名词,此处 one 为不定代词,指 cheap houses 中的一个,且充当定语从句的 先行词。 Ⅲ.语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Victoria: Well, the main activities in the region were historically steel and paper processing, I think. Kenny: Yes, but I'm not quite sure about the status of those industries now. __11__ you tell us something about that? Victoria: Yes, of course. In fact, they are less significant, but steel?related manufacturing still accounts for 44% of industrial activity. So it's still very important. In fact, 80% of Spain's machine tools are from the Basque country. __12__ for paper processing, there's still a little. But it's no longer __13__ it once was in the region. So, is that clear? Kenny: Yes, thanks. Victoria: Now, to get back to what I was saying, there's a lot of __14__ (employ) as well as geographical problems in the region.
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Kenny: Sorry, Victoria. What do you mean by geographical problems? Victoria: Well, what I mean is the area is very __15__ (hill), mountainous in parts. So there __16__ (use) to be transport problems, now though there are new train links and __17__ (good) roads, but it may be that some smaller towns inland remain not very well __18__ (connect), is that OK? Does that make sense? When we talk about specific location suggestions for the factory, we'll see this in more details, __19__ we'll come back to this question, OK? Kenny: OK, right. Victoria: So I was about __20__ (say) something about the work force in the region and the level of training and education. In general, it's very good and improving. 答案 11.Could 12.As 13.what 14 . unemployment say Ⅳ.完形填空 My husband and I were on our way home to Adlaide after holidaying in Queensland with our three children. It was late afternoon as we were heading for Narrandera, where we __21__ to stay the night. The car became difficult to control and we __22__ we had a flat tyre (轮胎). It was quite __23__ by the time we'd __24__ all the camping equipment and __25__ the tyre. Then, not long after getting back on the road, another tyre __26__. But now we had no __27__. There was no traffic on the road and only farms along the way. Just as we were debating whether to sleep in the car or __28__ to the nearest farm for help, car headlights __29__ in the distance. My husband walked to the middle of the road to flag it down, __30__ the children and I sat in the car with the inside light on so the driver could __31__ we were a family and not a threat. __32__, it was a lovely couple and their three children who lived on a nearby __33__ farm. We all piled into their car, and a short drive later we __34__ their farm. They suggested we spend the __35__ on the floor of their sitting?room. The next morning, after cooking us a great __36__, the farmer took my husband into the nearby town to buy new tyres. Our two __37__ got on so well that they __38__ us to stay on for another day to learn about the workings of the farm and watch their daughter __39__ ride one of the huge pigs. We finally continued home to South Australia, very __40__ for the kindness this family had shown us.
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15.hilly

16.used

17.better

18.connected

19.so

20.to

21.A. planned C. managed 22.A. promised C. remembered 23.A. cold C. dark 24.A. loaded C. bought 25.A. changed C. improved 26.A. blew C. stayed 27.A. money C. spare 28.A. escape C. drive 29.A. helped C. appeared 30.A. since C. while 31.A. hear C. smell 32.A. Luckily C. Strangely 33.A. chicken C. pig 34.A. got away from C. lived up to 35.A. day C. night 36.A. supper C. dinner 37.A. children C. friends

B. refused D. hesitated B. admitted D. realized B. hot D. light B. removed D. destroyed B. afforded D. exchanged B. came D. started B. time D. share B. return D. walk B. remained D. waited B. though D. unless B. see D. prove B. Unfortunately D. Naturally B. duck D. cow B. arrived at D. looked for B. holiday D. weekend B. lunch D. breakfast B. families D. strangers
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38.A. invited C. required 39.A. uselessly C. fearlessly 40.A. eager C. sorry 答案与解析

B. ordered D. allowed B. endlessly D. carelessly B. ready D. grateful

21.A 天气已晚,作者一家打算在 Narrandera 住一晚上。plan 符合文意。A 项正确。 22.D 汽车很难控制方向,作者才意识到轮胎没气了。realize“意识到”。D 项正确。 23.C 由上文可知,天色已晚,故选择 dark。C 项正确。 24.B 卸东西在前,换轮胎在后。故不用 load,而用 remove。B 项正确。 25.A 项正确。 26.A 从 36 空后的 the farmer took my husband into the nearby town to buy new tyres 可知,走了不多远,又有一只轮胎爆了。blow“爆胎”,A 项正确。 27.C we had no spare 是指 we had no spare tyre。C 项正确。 28.D 车爆胎了只能走着去农场。D 项正确。 29.C 车灯在远处出现了。C 项正确。 30.C while 表示对比,符合句意。C 项正确。 31.B 项正确。 32.A 由下文可知作者一家得到了帮助和款待,故用 luckily。A 项正确。 33.C 倒数第二段末句中 one of the huge pigs 提示,本题选 pig。C 项正确。 34.B 一小段车程后到达了他们的农场。B 项正确。 35.C 他们建议作者一家在他们的客厅里过夜。C 项正确。 36.D 早上自然是吃早餐,D 项正确。 37.B 文章第一句说作者有三个孩子,故此处不能填 children。B 项正确。 38.A 由 to stay on for another day 可知,他们一家是邀请作者一家再待上一天。 A 项正确。 39 . C uselessly“无用地”; endlessly“无尽地”; fearlessly“无畏地” ; 把车内的灯打开,目的是让司机看到作者一家人并且证明他们不构成威胁。 B change 强调“改变”;exchange 强调“交换;兑换”。换轮胎用 change。A

carelessly“粗心地”。他们的女儿勇敢地骑着一头大个儿的猪,fearlessly 合适。C 项正 确。 40.D 作者一家对这个陌生人一家的帮助非常感激。D 项正确。 Ⅴ.阅读理解
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(2013·湖南十二校第一次联考) Do you know the following expressions? Homeric laughter The “Homer” in this expression is the Greek poet who wrote The Iliad and The

Odyssey. People laugh differently. Some laugh silently, while others tend to laugh
loudly. “Homeric laughter” refers to laughter of the latter kind. It is at times uncontrollable, and the entire body shakes during the process. This kind of laughter is called Homeric laughter because this is how the gods laughed in Homer's classics. Faustian bargain According to most stories, Faust was a German scholar who was rather unhappy with his life. The devil (魔鬼), Mephistopheles, promises him that in return for his soul, he will give Faust unlimited power and knowledge. Faust agrees and experiences all kinds of pleasures, but, in the end, his soul is condemned to hell (地狱). A “Faustian bargain” therefore is a deal that finally results in one's ruin. It means a bargain made for temporary gain without taking future consequences into consideration. A three ring circus When you refer to a situation as being a three?ring circus, you are saying that it is a situation of complete confusion. There are so many activities taking place all together that they leave you confused or annoyed. The expression comes from the world of entertainment — the circus. The area where the artists perform their acts is called the “ring”. In the past, some of the circuses were so grand that they had three acts taking place simultaneously in three different “rings”. The audience had to decide which “ring” they wanted to focus on. In the swim (of things) When someone is in the swim of things, the individual is actively participating in the things happening around him, as in “I've been ill, but soon I'll be back in the swim of things.” In the world of fishing, fishermen use the word “swim” to refer to the section of the lake/river where fish can be found in plenty. So, if you are a fisherman and wish to catch a lot of fish, where would you be? You would be “in the swim”! 41.According to the text, Homeric laughter ________. A. was the way Homer laughed B. means nervous, silent laughter
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C. is a way to show disagreement D. comes from a Greek poet's works 答案与解析 D 根据“The ‘Homer’ in this expression is the Greek poet who

wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey.”及“This kind of laughter is called Homeric laughter because this is how the gods laughed in Homer's classics.”可知。The Iliad

and The Odyssey(《伊里亚特与奥德赛》)是古希腊诗人荷马的作品, Homeric laughter (开
怀大笑)就来自于这位古希腊诗人的作品。 42.If a person makes a Faustian bargain, ________. A. he might come to a bad end B. he would be considered clever C. his life would become satisfying D. he would gain power and knowledge 答案与解析 A 根据“A ‘Faustian bargain’ therefore is a deal that finally results in one's ruin”可知,如果一个人做了浮士德式的交易,那么他就会以遭遇不测 而告终。 43.What does the underlined word “simultaneously” most probably mean? A. All of a sudden. C. At the same time. 答案与解析 C B. Little by little. D. One after another.

根据该画线词的后面一句“The audience had to decide which

‘ring’ they wanted to focus on.”可知。由于马戏团有三场表演“同时”进行,这使 得观众必须决定到底看哪一场。simultaneously“同时地”,与 C 项意思一致。 44.What do we learn about the expression “in the swim (of things)”? A. It means having a lot of things to do. B. It has nothing to do with swimming. C. Originally it was used to refer to “going fishing”. D. Patients use it to express their desire for health. 答案与解析 B 根据最后一段首句可知。当说“When someone is in the swim of

things”时,是指一个人在积极参与周围发生的事。in the swim (of things)的意思是“积 极参加活动,合潮流;合时髦;熟悉内情”,与“游泳”没什么关系,故选 B 项。 45.What is the author's purpose in writing the text? A. To show the development of English phrases. B. To tell the readers some old, interesting stories. C. To explain some phrases' meanings and origins. D. To correct some misunderstandings about words.
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答案与解析 习语的起源。

C 纵观全文不难看出,作者写这篇文章的目的是介绍一些习语以及这些

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