2016 届江苏省扬州中学、泰州中学高三上学期 12 月联考试题 英语
2015.12 第一卷 （选择题，共 85 分） 第一部分：听力 第一节（共 5 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在 试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一
小题。每段对话仅 读一遍。 1. How long has the man run in his old running shoes? A. 300miles. B. 400 miles. C. 500 miles. 2. Why does the man think the woman should join him? A. He thinks she will have more fun. B. He wants to meet her roommate. C. He thinks it?s safer to go in a large group. 3. Who are the speakers? A. Teacher and student. B. Boss and employee. C. Salesperson and client. 4. What does the man say about his neighbor? A. He is humorous. B. He is not handsome. C. He is very successful. 5. What makes the man appreciate his dog? A. The dog protects his house. B. The dog is easy to take care of. C. The dog helps him get exercise. 第二节（共 15 小题：每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完 后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What are the speakers mainly discussing? A. Smoking. B. Building styles. C. The use of balconies. 7. What will the speakers do tonight? A. Cook together. B. Go out. C. Dance on the balcony. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. Why do colleges require the SAT? A. To compare students easily. B. To see if their schools are good. C. To see if students are fluent in English. 9. What does the woman recommend? A. Taking several classes. B. Taking each test once for practice. C. Buying some books to prepare for the tests. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How did the man lose weight? A. By avoiding meat. B. By eating big salads for dinner. C. By eating enough vegetables at each meal. 11. For which meal does the man have mushrooms? A. Breakfast. B. Lunch. C. Dinner. 12. What does the woman think about the man?s diet? A. It sounds difficult to stick to. B. He should give up junk food. C. He eats an unhealthy amount of vegetables. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. How many children do the speakers have? A. Two. B. Three. C. Four. 14. What does the woman like about the kitchen?
A. It?s bright. B. It?s big. C. It looks modern. 15. What is the woman concerned about? A. The size of the house. B. The price of the house. C. The location of the house. 16. What did the man suggest at last? A. Buying this house. B. Living in another community. C. Keeping the old job. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Which is among “The Big Three” sports in America? A. Volleyball. B. Soccer. C. Baseball. 18. How many people play soccer in the United States, according to the speaker? A. Over 100 million people. B. About 25 million people. C. About 20% of the total population. 19. Why do most parents want their children to play soccer? A. It is very safe. B. It starts at an older age. C. It is easier to learn than football. 20. What can we learn about the culture of youth soccer? A. It is getting very competitive. B. It is being changed by money. C. It puts more importance on teamwork. 第二部分：单项填空（共 15 小题，每小题 1 分；满分 15 分） 21. Some people think it ________ privilege to study abroad, but it doesn't make _______ sense if you go when you even cannot look after yourself. A. a; / A. all of them worn B. a; the C. the; / B. all were wearing D. the; a 22. The athletes were all standing by the skating field, _________skating suits． C. all of whom wearing D. all wearing 23. The school, more than 90 percent of whose graduates are usually admitted into key universities, enjoys an excellent _______. A. occupation B. reputation C. contribution D. foundation 24. Harry telephoned to the airport to_________ whether Flight 24 for San Francisco is departing on time. A. prove B. ensure C. confirm D. identify 25. The police have reached some ________ conclusions about the possible cause of the accident. The exact cause is still under investigation. A. authentic B. precise C. confidential D. tentative 26. Time can never ________ from people in London the sadness and heartache caused by those recent terrorist attacks. A. turn away B. give away C. wipe away D. put away 27. A nature reserve for white－flag dolphins was set up in 1992, ________ boats have been prohibited from sailing around since then. A. where B. which C. when 28. On her next birthday, Jane ______married for thirty years. A. is B. will be C. has been 29. I have already forgotten ______ you bought the computer. A. that it was when C. when was it that A. the price of three times B. that was it when D. when it was that B. three times the price
D. what D. will have been
30. A new iphone costs about _________of a second-hand one．
C. as much as the three times price
D. three times more than the price
31. You ______ scold such a pupil who always keeps silent so seriously that you ______ hurt him. A. should; can A. It existed B. may; will B. There existed C. mustn?t; may C. They had D. can?t; must D. There had 32. _________ a certain doubt among the students as to the necessity of the work.
33. Jim who is now our English teacher once ________ as a manager in an international cooperation for 5 years. A. worked A. so A. It all depends C. You’ve got me there B. had worked B. because C. was working C. while B.I mean it D. So will you D. has worked D. or 34. My father did buy the CD, ________ he actually doesn?t appreciate the music in it at all. 35. —Can I really get a car as a reward if I win the race?—Absolutely!________.
第三部分：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请认真阅读下面短文，从短文后个题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 The professor?s house， big and untidy， stood alone at one end of a huge garden.The place was totally uncared for, quite 36 and overgrown with all sorts of useless things. I 37 38 my way through bushes and tall weeds 39 to the front door and rang the bell. I was glad that I had found him. In twenty minutes he that had puzzled me. I was on the very fond of gardening, I see.” “No, I?m not,” he said. “ 41 touch it at all.” “It could be made lovely. It that way?” said I. “I don?t. I lived here when I was a child, and I had see. Unfortunately, he wasn?t 46 45 of gardening then. It was my father ?s hobby，you 47 by enough to do it himself. My brother and I did all of it between us year after 43 a pity to let all this ground go to waste. But perhaps you don?t 44 , I love this garden, though. It?s 42 I always wanted it to be. I never 40 me right on all the of leaving when I looked out of his study window and said, “You?re
year. There was one right way and many wrong ways. Each blade (叶片) of grass was an enemy to be hand, not just cut off. I?ve spent a good part of life at work here.” “I see. You took a dislike to it, and now you?re getting even!” “I dislike it. Then, of course, I didn ?t understand the place I was fight to a boy.” “And now it?s yours，you?re just letting it go to...” “ 51 ?” he said. “No，I don?t agree with that. This garden and I are now the best friends. I like grow 53 its own way. I make no demands on it. I never disturb it, and it never disturbs me. It has 50 48 it had. It used to 49
me. It appeared in my dreams—a mistake here, something not quite straight here, the enemy showing its head in a to have cleaned. The work was too much. It seemed endless. The size of the place was itself a
and so have I.” “But the path is over grown. It?s inconvenient for you，isn?t it?” “That?s part of my 55 ,” he laughed. “You can go out the back way. The weeds are shorter there because they don?t get the sun.” 36. A. wild B. crazy C. large
37. A. lost 38. A. let 39. A. gardening 40. A. time 41. A. Even if 42. A. as 43. A. seems 44. A. recognize 45. A. fond 46. A. interested 47. A. fought against 48. A. effect 49. A. astonish 50. A. thought 51. A. Sell 52. A. noticing 53. A. on 54. A. freedom
B. felt B. put B. plants B. point B. So B. where B. is B. sense B. short B. fit B. cleared up B. reason B. shock B. supposed B. Develop B. attending B. in B. time
C. took C. taught C. problems C. permission C. As though C. why C. proves C. see C. free C. content C. rooted out C. cause C. worry C. ordered C. Ruin C. watering C. with C. sunlight
D. made D. explained D. solution D. request D. Even so D. whether D. sounds D. know D. enough D. demanding D. cut down D. result D. disappoint D. expected D.Grow D. watching D. of D. space
55. A. life B. pleasure C. job D. research 第四部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） A Here are some of the world?s most impressive subways． The Tokyo Metro and Toei Lines Features: The Tokyo Metro and Toei lines that compose Tokyo?s massive subway system carry almost 8 million people each day, making it the busiest system in the world. The system is famous for its oshiya--- literally, “pusher”--- who shove passengers into crowded subway cars so the doors can close. And you think your commute is hell． Features: The Moscow Metro has some of the most beautiful stations in the world. The best of them were built during the Stalinist era and feature chandeliers, marble moldings and elaborate murals. With more than 7 million riders a day, keeping all that marble clean has got to be a burden. Features: The Hong Kong MTR has the distinction of being one of the few subway systems in the world that actually turns a profit. It?s privately owned and uses real estate development along its tracks to increase income and ridership. It also introduced “Octopus cards” that allow people to not only pay their fares electronically, but buy stuff at convenience stores, supermarkets, restaurants and even parking meters. It?s estimated that 95 % of all adults in Hong Kong own an Octopus card. Features: Shanghai is the third city in China to build a metro system, and it has become the country?s largest in the 12 years since it opened. Shanghai Metro has 142 miles of track and plans to add another 180 miles within five years. By that point, it would be three times larger than Chicago “L”. The system carries about 2.18 million people a day. Features: Londoners call their subway the Underground, even though 55 percent of it lies above ground．No matter when you?ve got the oldest mass-transit system
The Moscow Metro
The Hong Kong Metro
The London Metro
in the world, you can call it anything you like. Trains started in1863 and they?ve been running ever since. Some 3 million people ride each day, every one of them remembering to “Mind the gap”. 56. Which one can provide the riders some wonderful decorations at the stations? A. The Tokyo Metro and Toei Lines B. The Moscow Metro C. The London Metro D. The Hong Kong MTR 57. We can learn from the passage that Shanghai Metro ________． A. carries the most people each day B. is the world’s largest C. may be larger than the Chicago “L” in the future D. is the busiest in the world 58. How many subways carry more than 5 million people per day? A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 B Some people would go through anything just to achieve their dream. Kasia Siwosz is proof. For the final year student on the university women?s tennis team, the road to Berkeley, University of California was met with poor advice and misinformation from her home country and two unsuccessful stops along the way that fell short of expectations. Born in Poland, Siwosz began playing tennis at seven years old and developed the skills that helped her earn a top-50 ranking among the ITF Junior division (国际网球联会青少年赛).. Siwosz wanted to do more with her life than just play tennis, which led her to seek chances that would also allow her to obtain a top education. While most who grow up in the U.S. are naturally accustomed to the American tradition of collegiate sports, such a custom is not as familiar in a country like Poland. “There?s no collegiate sports in Poland and no culture of sports and academic study there. You can only do one, not both,” Siwosz said. Her desire to have a quality education led her to America to follow her dream. While Siwosz was talented enough to begin her collegiate tennis career, she could only attend community college because she missed the deadline to apply to four-year schools, mainly due to misinformation provided in her home country of Poland. When she had earned all her credits and was able to transfer, Siwosz made the decision to attend Baylor in Texas. Her friends from Poland put in a good word for the university, saying that it was a good fit because there were many international players at Baylor. “I thought it would be a good idea, but it really wasn?t what I thought it would be,” Siwosz said. “I wasn?t happy at Baylor. The level of tennis was high, but the academic standards were no match and I just wanted more.” After one year at Baylor, Siwosz?s luck finally began to change when she made the decision to transfer to Berkeley, which was due in large part to Lee, a former Berkeley student. Lee, who is a keen tennis player himself, met Siwosz four years ago in Texas. “I knew she was unhappy there,” he said. “I saw the opportunity for her to come here.” Siwosz visited Lee in Berkeley. “I ended up loving this place and this school,” Siwosz said. “I came here a lot over the summer, I gave it a shot and I ended up with a Berkeley education and a spot on one of the best college tennis teams in the country.” 59. What does “two unsuccessful stops” (Paragraph 1) refer to? A. Poland and the U.S. B. Baylor and Berkeley. C. The ITF Junior division and the Berkeley tennis team. D. The community college and Baylor. 60. Why did Siwosz want to leave her homeland for America? A. Poland had no culture of sports. B. Berkeley had always been her dream university.
C. She wanted to play tennis and have a good education. D. She wanted to improve her tennis skills and get a higher ranking. 61. What is the main idea of the passage? A. How Siwosz realized her dream. B. How Siwosz left Poland. C. How Siwosz became a top tennis player. D. How Siwosz transferred from Baylor to Berkeley. C It is one of the most annoying words in the English language and it seems there is no escaping it． The word “huh?” is in worldwide use, a study found. Researchers discovered that languages spoken in countries from Ghana and Laos to Iceland and Italy all include “huh?”, or something that sounds very like it. They said that while the study may sound silly，the word is an absolutely necessary part of speech. Without it and similar words, it would be impossible to show that we haven?t heard or understood what had been said and this would lead to constant misunderstandings. But while other words used in the same context, such as “sorry” or “what”, vary widely across languages, “huh?” remains unchanged. The Dutch researchers carefully studied ten languages from around the world, including Siwu, which is spoken in Ghana, and an Australian Aboriginal language, as well as Italian, Spanish, Dutch and Mandarin Chinese. They analysed tapes of recorded conversations for words that sounded like??huh?”and were used to request that whatever had Just been said be repeated. All contained a version of “huh?” The word was also found in another 21 languages. While there were subtle differences in each country, all sounded basically the same. This is surprising because normally unrelated languages will use very different words to describe the same thing. For instance, the Japanese for “dog” is “inu”, while the French is “chien”. It is thought that languages around the world have developed their own version of “huh?” because the sound is quick and simple to form, as well as being easily understood. The researchers，said that it might seem unimportant to carry out scientific research into a word like“huh?” but in fact this little word is an essential tool in human communication．They also have an answer for those who claim that “huh?” isn?t a word. They say that it qualifies because of the small differences in its pronunciation in different languages. It also can be considered a word because it?s something we learn to say, rather than a grunt or cry that we are born knowing how to make. 62. According to researchers，the word “huh?” is very important in speech because _________． A. its stable meaning in language development B. its important function in communication C. its simple and easy sound and spelling D. its popularity in every language 63. What is the natural response if you hear the lady you?re speaking to say “huh?”? A. You should ask her to repeat what she says before that. B. You should apologize to her for speaking in a low voice. C. You should invite her to share her different views politely. D. You should try to repeat what you?ve just said in a clearer way. 64. According to researchers, “huh?”should be considered a word．rather than a sound because _________ . A. it is listed in most dictionaries B. it is something humans learn to say C. there is a clear and consistent spelling of the word D. it is pronounces quite differently around the world 65. What is the purpose of the text?
A. To inform readers about research on the worldwide used word “huh?”. B. To argue that “huh?” is the most important word in every language． C. To entertain readers by relating similar idioms in different languages． D. To instruct readers of the differences of “huh?” in different languages． D Psychology has a new application in the field of medicine. Many doctors, together with their patients, are looking for alternative methods of treatment of physical problems. In large hospitals, modern therapy seems to focus on the physical disease. Patients may feel they are treated like broken machines. Some doctors have recognized this as a problem. They are now using psychological therapy, in which the patient is working with the doctors against the disease with the help of medicine. The patient does not wait for the medicine and treatment to cure him or her, but instead the patient joins in the fight. The doctor knows that a disease affects a patient's body physically. The body of the patient changes because of the disease. He is not only physically affected, but also has an emotional response to the disease. Because his mind is affected, his attitude and behavior change. The medical treatment might cure the patient's physical problems, but the patient's mind must fight the emotional ones. For example, the studies of one doctor, Carl Simonton, M. D., have shown that a typical cancer patient has predictable attitudes. She typically feels depressed, upset, and angry. Her constant depression makes her acts unfriendly toward her family, friends, doctors, and nurses. Such attitudes and behaviors prevent recovery. Therefore, a doctor's treatment must help the patient change that. Simonton's method emphasizes treatment of the “whole” patient. The attitude of a cancer patient receiving radiation therapy, an X-ray treatment, can become more positive. The physician who is following Simonton's psychological treatment plan suggests that the patient imagine that he or she can see the tumor in the body. In the mental picture, the patient "sees" a powerful beam of radiation like a million bullets of energy. The patient imagines the beam hitting the tumor cells and causing them to shrink. For another cancer patient, Dr. Simonton asks him to imagine the medicine going from the stomach into the bloodstream and to the cancer cells. The patient imagines that the medicine is like an army fighting the diseased cells and sees the cancer cells gradually dying and his blood carry away the dead cells. Both the medical therapy and the patient's positive attitude fight the disease. Doctors are not certain why this mental therapy works. However, this use of psychology does help some patients because their attitudes about themselves change. They become more confident because they use the power within their own minds to help stop the disease. Another application of using the mind to help cure disease is the use of suggestion therapy. At first, the doctor helps the patient to concentrate deeply. The patient thinks only about one thing. He becomes so unaware of other things around him that he is asleep, or rather in a trance（催眠状态）. Then the physician makes “a suggestion” to the patient about the medical problem. The patient's mind responds to the suggestion even after the patient is no longer in the trance. In this way, the patient uses his mind to help his body respond to treatment. Doctors have learned that this use of psychology is helpful for both adults and children. For example, physicians have used suggestion to help adults deal with the strong pain of some disease. Furthermore, sometimes the adult patient worries about her illness so much that the anxiety keeps her from getting well. The right suggestions may help the patient to stop being anxious. Such treatment may help the patient with a chronic（慢性 的）diseases. Asthma （哮喘） is an example of a chronic disorder. Asthma is a disease that causes the patient to have difficulty in breathing. The patient starts to cough and sometimes has to fight to get the air that he or she needs. Psychology can help relieve the symptoms of this disorder. After suggestion therapy, the asthma patient breathes more easily. Physicians have learned that the psychological method is very useful in treating children. Children respond quickly to the treatment because they are fascinated by it. For example, Dr. Basil R. Collison has worked with 121 asthmatic children in Sydney, Australia, and had good results. Twenty-five of the children had Excellent results. They were able to breathe more easily, and they did not need medication. Another forty-three were also helped.
The symptoms of the asthma occurred less frequently, and when they did, they were not as strong. Most of the children also felt better about themselves. Doctors have also used suggestion to change habits like nail-biting, thumb-sucking, and sleep-related problems. Many professional medical groups have accepted the medical use of psychology and that psychology has important applications in medicine. 66. What does the passage mainly discuss? A. How suggestion therapy benefits adults and children. B. How modern therapy focuses on the disease. C. Responses from the medical world. D. How to use the mind against disease. 67. What can we learn from the studies of Carl Simonton, M. D.? A. The medical treatment can cure the patient's mental disease. B. The treatment of a patient by treating the body and the mind is necessary. C. The mental treatment is more important than medical treatment. D. Few patients have emotional response to the disease. 68. The use of psychological therapy is helpful to some patients in that . A. the medical effect is better with psychological therapy than without it B. the patients can see a powerful beam of radiation hitting their tumor cells C. the patients' attitudes towards themselves have changed D. the patients are easy to accept the methods the doctors use to treat them 69. It can be learned from the passage that suggestion therapy cannot be used to . A. help adults deal with the strong pain of some diseases B. help the patients with chronic diseases C. help change some bad habits D. help cure patients of insomnia 70. According to the passage, which of the following remains unknown so far? A. The value of mental therapy. B. The effectiveness of suggestion therapy. C. The working principle of suggestion therapy. D. The importance of psychology in medical treatment. 第二卷 （选择题，共 35 分） 第五部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。注意：每空格 1 个单词。 Everyone knows about straight-A students. We see them frequently in TV sitcoms (情景喜剧) and in movies. The kids at the top of the class get there by mastering a few basic techniques that others can learn in an easy way. Thus it is necessary for you to learn the secrets of becoming straight-A students. Among the students we interviewed, study times are a matter of personal preference. Some work late at night when it is quiet ,whereas others awake early. And there are still others who decide to study as soon as they come home from school when the work is fresh in their minds. All of them agree, however, on the need for study time.“Whatever I was doing, I would find some time every day for studying,” says a top student from New Jersey. Being organized is another habit they share in common. McCray, an outstanding student interviewed, runs track, plays football and is in a band . “I was so busy; I couldn?t waste time looking for a pencil or missing paper. I kept everything right where I could put my hands on it,” he says. Some students maintain two folders —one for the day?s assignment, another for papers completed and graded. However, some students have another system, filing the day?s papers in color-coded folders by subject.
The top students also take good notes while reading the text assignment. In fact, David Cieri, another top student interviewed,uses “my homemade” system in which he draws a line down the center of a notebook, writes notes from the text on one side and those from the lecture delivered by his teacher on the other. Then. He is able to review both aspects of the assignment at once . Just before the bell rings, most students close their books, put away papers, whisper to friends and get ready to rush out. But the top students use the few minutes to write a two-or three-sentence summary of the lesson?s important points, which he or she scans before the next day?s class. You can become a straight-A student by following the above secrets. ? ? ? ? ? ? Suggestions ? ? ? ? ? Conclusion ? Mastering a few basic techniques that others can 72 learn by top students Setting aside time for studying 73 different study time by different top students Trying to 74 more time to study, whatever they are doing. To get things 75 To keep everything at hand to 76 wasting time looking for a pencils or missing paper To 77 different papers in different folder. Taking good notes Taking notes from the text as well as from 78 第六部分 书面表达 （25 分） 阅读下 面的短文， 然后按照要 求写一篇 150 词左右 的英语短 文。 George claims that he read 53 books 2014. friend and I found this fairly unbelievable, considering he seems to have a pretty full schedule. Anyway, it appears that I am on track to read 72 new books this year. But I've come to realize that this number can easily be skewed（扭曲）. For instance, currently I am reading Rising Tide: The Story of the Mississippi Flood of 1927. This book is over 700 pages. It's going to take me the month of May (along with Harry Potter rereads; I can't read nonfiction while going to sleep). So my May average will be way off. However, when I read chick-lits (鸡仔文学, 都市女性文学), I can get those done in a day. I guess it all depends on what I choose to read. In reality, reading is beneficial because it encourages us to slow down our thinking, and also to fully interpret someone else's experience. Reading keeps the mind sharp and expands a person?s vocabulary. We read to educate ourselves. We read to help ourselves. We read to escape our own lives and live in that of another for a little while. 【写作内容】 1．以约 30 个词概括上文的主要内容； 2．以约 120 个词就“读书”这个话题谈谈你的想法，内容包括： （1）对比上文，你每年阅读多少书籍； （2）举例说明你从阅读中获得的好处； （3）呼吁人们多读书。
Title: Learning How to 71 straight-A students
79 every lesson Summing up the lessons with a few words when classes are over Being able to 80 to the above secrets.
【写作要求】 1．可以使用实例来支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但不得直接引用原文中的句子；2．作文 中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，语篇连贯
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听力： 1-5 AABAA 单选： 21-25 ADBCD 26-30 CADDB 31-35 CBACB 完形： 36-40 ADBCB 41-45 DAACD 46-50 BCACB 阅读理解： 56-58 BCA 任务型阅读： 71.become 72. easily 76. avoid 77. file 读写任务： 73. Preferring 74. find / spare 75 organized 59-61 DCA 62-65 BDBA 66-70 DBCDC 51-55 CDBAB 6-10CAACC 11-15AABBC 16-20 ACBAC
Compared with the books his friend read in a year, the number of those ones the author read seems a little bit larger. Reading really brings the readers a lot of benefits such as broadening one?s mind. Reading books plays an important role in a person?s lifelong development. Nowadays though there exist other medias through which we can learn a lot, there is no denying that we should never give up reading books. Reading opens the world and the human experience to everyone, no matter what his or her social status is. Books make us dream and wonder. They seize our imaginations and let us escape our daily life for a moment. Since I became a senior student, I have read a great number of books, around 40 books a year. For example, I once read a book called Man, Woman and Child, which enabled me to understand the love in a family. Besides, I really built up a large vocabulary by reading many English books. There are books on every subject written for almost every level of understanding. Therefore, we are able to make our own choices. I hope everyone can read a certain number of books every year.
听力材料 Text 1 M: I?ve already run 300 miles in my old running shoes, (1) so I should replace them. W: I don?t think you need to do that yet. I read in Runner?s World magazine that you can run up to 500 miles in a good pair of shoes. Text 2 M: Hey, you should come to the movie theater with us tonight. There?s a new comedy playing. W: Oh, yeah. I was planning to see it with my roommate. M: Well, You should both join us. Sitting with a big group is always more enjoyable.(2) Text 3 M: Michelle, can I see you in my office for a minute? W: Of course, sir. Am I in trouble? M: No, don?t worry. I just want to talk to you about our new client?s project.(3) Text 4 W: Is that your neighbor? He?s very good-looking. M: Well, he?s also got a great sense of humor. (4) His jokes always make me laugh. I should introduce you to him. Text 5 W: Wow! You are walking your dog again. Having a dog is a lot work.
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M: Yes. But this little guy has a loud bark. He keeps anyone from coming into my backyard.(5) Text 6 M: You know what I?ve noticed since I?ve been in the United States? W: What? M: A lot of people have balconies that they don?t use. W: I?ve never thought about that, but I guess it?s because I?ve lived here my whole life. Do people use their balconies where you grew up? M: Yeah, in Puerto Rico, if someone has a balcony, they use it. My sisters and I were always on ours. W: You used to see smokers on balconies a lot. But now, it?s illegal to smoke outside of most offices and apartment buildings. M: Well, we should take advantage of the fresh air, then! W: You know what? You?re right. Instead of going out tonight, SAT(Scholastic Assessment Test), 简称 let?s cook here and have dinner on the balcony.(7) 美国高考，由美国大学委员会（College Text 7 M: Which tests are required by American universities? Board）主办。SAT 成绩是世界各国高中 W: Most universities require the SAT. It?s an exam designed 生申请美国名校学习及奖学金的重要参 to see if you?re prepared for college. The idea is that if all 考。总分为 2400 分，包括阅读、写作及 students take the same test, then schools can compare them to each other.(8) 数学。 M: If I get a low score, does that mean I can?t go to college? TOEFL（The Test of English as a Foreign W: No. It means that you won?t get into a place like Harvard Language ） , 是由美国教育测验服务社 or Stanford. They?re very competitive and want students with high scores. But there are other colleges that value （ETS）举办的英语能力考试，中文音译 different factors. 为 “托福” 。 新托福满分是 120 分， TOEFL M: Do foreign students take special tests? 考试的有效期为两年 W: Yes. Foreign students also have to take the TOEFL. It?s a language test designed to see if you know enough 很多国家都倡导国民每天摄入足量的果 English to succeed in an American school. 蔬。例如，英美国家是每天 5 份果蔬，中国 M: Are there classes to help prepare for these tests? 政府建议每人每天摄入 500 克左右的果蔬 W: Of course. But they?re expensive. They?re not necessary if you?re very motivated. You can buy test preparation books and study them yourself.(9) Text 8 W: You look great, Josh! Did you lose weight? M: Yeah. Thanks! W: Are you on some kind of diet? M: Well, I?ve been eating between six and nine servings of vegetables each day.(10) W: That?s a lot! Isn?t that more than the government recommends? M: It is. But those recommendations are just suggested minimums. W: How do you fit that many vegetables into your diet? M: It?s not that hard. I try to eat two or three servings at every meal. For breakfast, I have an egg with tomatoes and mushrooms. (11)Or, I mix a couple of vegetables with some mangoes or pineapples. W: That sounds strange. M: No, it?s actually quite good. For lunch, I have a big salad with lettuce, carrots, and cucumbers. And then for dinner, I usually have some kind of meat, a small salad, and some cooked green vegetables. W: It sounds difficult to follow. (12) Have you given up junk food or anything else? M: I haven?t had to. When I eat that many vegetables every day, I don?t really have time to eat much else. Text 9 M: Do you like this house? W: It?s almost perfect. It has three bedrooms and two bathrooms just like we wanted. Amy and Alison can have the room next to ours, and Joey can have his own room.(13) M: Yes. And the backyard is huge. Our dog will have lots of room to run around. Also, there is a very large dining room where we can host dinners for our families. W: Yes. I love the dinning room. The light in there is amazing. And the kitchen is to die for. It has so much space!(14) M: Well, it sounds like we love the house. So, why do you say it?s almost perfect? W: I?m just a little worried about the neighborhood.(15) M: What do you mean? This is a wonderful neighborhood. W: No, I know that. I mean the distance from our jobs. It would add at least an hour on the road.(15) M: I hear what you?re saying. But this is the nicest house we?ve Major League Soccer(MLS), 美国职业足 looked at in our price range. Maybe we can eventually find new jobs that are closer. Honestly, I think it 球大联盟，是美国最高等级的职业足球 would be very foolish to pass up this deal.(16) 联赛。联盟有很强的美国模式的烙印， Text 10 What is the most popular sport in America? Most 最独特的是联盟没有升降级。这和美国 people would probably say baseball, football, or basketball. These sports are often referred to as “The Big 的其他联盟如 NBA 一样，联盟属于美国
- 12 足球联赛系统中的最高级别，由美国足 球总会（USSF 或 U.S. Soccer）管理，于 1996 年举行首届赛事.
Three”. (17)However, the sport that has the most overall participants and fans in the U.S. is actually soccer. About 25 million people play soccer in the U.S., which is almost 10% of the total population. (18)Many of these players are young people, and soccer?s popularity has grown over the years in part because children as young as five years old can play on organized teams. In contrast, most baseball and basketball leagues don?t start until ages seven or eight. Also, most parents want to sign their kids up for soccer teams because the sport is considered very safe, unlike football. (19)Most importantly, the culture of youth soccer in America places greater importance on teamwork than being competitive. (20)Because of this, players of all skill levels are able to be part of a team. “The Big Three” sports make the most money in America. This can be seen in the radio and TV contracts, the value of teams, and the salaries of players. Major League Soccer, the professional soccer league in the U.S., used to lose a lot of money. Now, soccer stadiums around the country are sold out. The most valuable MLS team, the Los Angeles Galaxy, is valued at over 100 million dollars.
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