唐山一中 2015－2016 学年度高二下寒假开学调研考试 英语试卷
命题人：高二英语组 试卷说明： 1.考试时间 120 分钟，满分 150 分。2.将卷Ⅰ答案用 2B 铅笔涂在答题卡上，将卷Ⅱ答案答 在答题纸上。3.卷Ⅱ答题纸卷头和答题卡均填涂本次考试的考号，不要误填学号，答题卡占 后５位。 第Ⅰ卷 (选择题 共 100 分) 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 20 分
） 做题时，先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What do we know about the man’s new shirt? A. It’s small. B. It’s expensive. C. It’s dirty.
2. Why did Linda ignore the man? A. She didn’t know him. B. She was in a bad mood. C. She didn’t recognize him.
3. Where are the speakers going to meet tomorrow afternoon? A. In front of the bank. B. In front of the school. C. In front of the ocean park.
4. How did the woman spend her holiday? A. She went to the seaside. B. She worked in a company. C. She played computer games. 5. Which train will the woman take? A. The 2:45. B. The 4:00. C. The 5:10.
第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Where does the conversation probably take place? A. In a club. B. In a hotel. C. In a restaurant.
7. How much does Mr. Nash give the man for a tip? A. $10. B. $25. C. $100.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. How to apologize to Tom. B. What to buy for Tom’s birthday. C. How to prepare Tom’s birthday party. 9. What does the man suggest the woman do in the end? A. Make a phone call to Tom. B. Send Tom an e-mail and a card. C. Write down Tom’s birthday somewhere. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How does the man get to work? A. By bus. B. By bike. C. On foot.
11. What does the man mainly do at work? A. He makes coffee. B. He telephones customers. C. He deals with phone calls.
12. What is good about the man’s job? A. He can get a free lunch. B. He can go home early. C. He can have a wonderful social life. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. How is the woman getting to the museum? A. On foot. B. By bus. C. By taxi.
14. How long will the woman spend on the big street? A. About a quarter of an hour. B. About half an hour. 15. Where is the National Museum? A. Near City Hall. B. Next to the park. C. At the T-junction. C. About an hour.
16. Where are the speakers? A. In a hotel. B. In a park. C. In the US Embassy.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题. 17. What is the man’s opinion about healthy living? A. It is easy to come true. B. It needs a lot of money. C. It demands patience and effort. 18. What does the man think is the most important? A. Daily exercise. B. A nutritious diet. C. A good night’s sleep.
19. What does the man recommend doing? A. Taking some artificially produced vitamins. B. Drinking a little alcohol every day. C. Doing whatever one likes. 20. What is the next program? A. The music. B. The news. C. An advertisement.
第二部分 阅读理解 （共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项 （A 、B 、C 和 D ）中，选出最佳选项。 A My father had returned from his business visit to London when I came in, rather late, to supper. I could tell at once that he and my mother had been discussing something. In that half-playful, half-serious way I knew so well, he said, “How would you like to go to Eton?” “You bet,” I cried quickly catching the joke. Everyone knew it was the most expensive, the most famous of schools. You had to be entered at birth, if not before. Besides, even at 12 or 13, I understood my father. He disliked any form of showing off. He always knew his proper station in life, which was in the middle of the middle class: our house was medium-sized; he had avoided joining Royal Liverpool Golf Club and went to a smaller one instead; though once he had got a second-hand Rolls-Royce at a remarkably low price, he felt embarrassed driving it, and quickly changed it for an Austin 1100. This could only be his delightful way of telling me that the whole boarding school idea was
to be dropped. Alas! I should also have remembered that he had a liking for being different from everyone else, if it did not conflict with his fear of drawing attention to himself. It seemed that he had happened to be talking to Graham Brown of the London office, a very nice fellow, and Graham had a friend who had just entered his boy at the school, and while he was in that part of the world he thought he might just as well phone them. I remember my eyes stinging(刺痛) and my hands shaking with the puzzlement of my feelings. There was excitement, at the heart of great sadness. “Oh, he doesn’t want to go away,” said my mother, “You shouldn’t go on like this.” “It’s up to him,” said my father. “He can make up his own mind.” 21. His father sold his Rolls-Royce because ________. A. it made him feel uneasy C. it was too expensive to possess B. it was too old to work well D. it was too cheap
22. The writer’s father enjoyed being different as long as ________. A. it drew attention to him C. it was understood as a joke B. it didn’t bring him in arguments D. there was no danger of his showing off
23. What was the writer’s reaction to the idea of going to Eton? A. He was very unhappy. C. He was delighted. 24. We can know from the passage that ________. A. Children who can go to Eton are very famous B. Children can go to Eton if they will C. It is very difficult for a child to get admitted by Eton D. Children don’t have the right to decide whether they will go to Eton B. He didn’t believe it. D. He had mixed feelings.
B Dog owners now have a little help understanding their furry friends. A new device called Bow-Lingual “translates” dog barks into English, Korea or Japanese. Bow-Lingual’s Japanese inventors spent much time and money analyzing dog barks. They found that dog noises can be broken down into six different emotions: happiness, sadness, frustration, anger, assertion and desire.
Part of the Bow-Lingual device hangs on the dog’s collar. The other part is a handle-held unit for the owner. When the dogs barks, the unit displays translated phrases. Some people have scoffed at Bow-Lingual. “Who would pay US$ 120 to read a dog’s mind?” they ask. But those who have purchased Bow-Lingual praise the device. Pet owner Keiko Egawa, of Japan, says it helps her empathize with her dog, Harry. “Before we go to the park, he always says he wants to play,” says Egawa, “and after a walk, he always says he is hungry.” Bow-Lingual is not yet available in Chinese. So you’d better keep studying Studio Classroom, or soon your dog may know more English than you do! 25. This passage is mainly talking about _________ . A. talking dogs C. a little help for dog owners B. Bow-Lingual’s inventors D. dog barks and their different emotions
26. Which of the following sentences is TRUE according to the passage? A. Dog owners now can understand their dogs better. B. People who have used the Bow-Lingual say it helps them better understand their dogs. C. Chinese dog owners would keep studying to know more English than their dogs. D. Bow-Lingual is a new device that enables dogs to talk in English, Korean or Japanese. 27. How do you understand the sentence “Bow-Lingual is not yet available in Chinese” in the last paragraph? A. Bow-Lingual has not yet appeared in Chinese market. B. Bow-Lingual can not yet recognized Chinese dogs’ barks. C. Chinese dog owners do not know yet how to use Bow-Lingual. D. Dog barks can not yet be translated into Chinese phrases with Bow-Lingual. 28. The writer of this passage is most likely to be ________. A. an expert on dog barks C. an advertiser for dog items B. a reporter for news D. a dog owner C Some people who like to eat very hot chili peppers say that they can help you breathe better if you have a cold. Others believe that chilies give you energy. Do you want to fire up your meals with homegrown chilies? They need a warm climate. If you plant the seeds outside when the weather is cool, place them under glass, giving them the
warmth of the sun and protecting them from the wind. You can also start the seeds in your home or a greenhouse. If you’re planting inside, fill a 7.5-centimeter pot with soil. The pot should have holes in the bottom for water to run out. Tap the sides of the pot to settle the soil. Drop several seeds onto the surface of the soil, and cover it with a thin layer of vermiculite (蛭石), which can hold air, water and nutrients. Then cover the pot with a see-through plastic bag and place it in a warm area. When the chilies start growing, take off the bag. When the plants have grown to about two centimeters, place each one carefully in its own 7.5-centimeter pot. When roots start showing through the holes in the bottom of the pot, transplant each of them into a 12-centimeter pot. When the plants are twenty centimeters high, tie them to a stick placed in the pot to support them. At thirty centimeters, pinch off the tops of the chili peppers with your fingers to make new branches grow. When the first flowers show, give the plants some potash fertilizer, and if the weather is warm, put them into five-liter pots and place them outside. Make sure they get lots of light and water. 29. When the plants grow to two centimeters, you should ______. A. take the plastic bag off the plant B. place each of them into separate pots C. tie them to sticks to support them D. transplant them into a 12-centimeter pot 30. The underlined expression “pinch off” in the last paragraph probably means “______”. A. hold up B. break up C. leave out D. take down
31. Based on this passage, how many times should you move a chili plant? A. Once. B. Twice. C. Three times. D. Four times.
32. From the passage we can learn that ______. A. people who like eating chilies are energetic B. the plants should be fertilized when they blossom C. the pot has holes in the bottom to let the air in D. it’s quite easy to grow your own chilies
D Kindle is the most-wished-for and the most gifted, and has the most 5-star reviews of all products on Amazon. Now it’s even better. New, High-Contrast (高对比度) E-Ink Screen 50℅ better contrast than any other e-reader. The clearest text and sharpest images. Read in Bright Sunlight Unlike LCD screens, Kindle’s screen reads like real paper, with no glare. Read as easily in bright sunlight as in your living room. Lighter Than a Paperback At only 8.5 ounces and 1／3 of an inch thin, Kindle is lighter than a paperback and thinner than a magazine. Holds 3,500 Books We doubled Kindle’s storage so you can carry up to 3,500 books. Battery (电池) Life of Up to One Month A single charge lasts up to one month with wireless off. Keep wireless always on and go for up to three weeks without recharging. Books in 60 Seconds With fast and free wireless delivery, you can start reading books in less than 60 seconds. No computer required. Massive (大量的) Selection Over 670,000 books, including 107 of 111 New York Times Bestsellers, plus audio books, periodicals and blogs. For non-US customers, content availability varies. Free, Out-of-Copyright Books Over 1.8 million free, out-of-copyright and pre 1923 books are available such as Pride and Prejudice. Low Book Prices Over 550,000 books are ＄9.99 or less, including 73 current New York Times Bestsellers. Free Book Samples Download and read first chapters for free before you decide to buy. 33. If you want to use a Kindle longer without recharging, you’d better_______.
A. keep wireless on C. read in bright sunlight
B. keep wireless off D. read in the quiet room
34. What can we learn about a Kindle e-reader? A. Its LCD screen reads like real paper. B. You need a computer to start reading it. C. It has a large storage of more than 550,000 books. D. It offers different contents for its different customers. 35. With a Kindle e-reader, you can ______. A. read 670,000 books for free B. read the first half of each book for free C. read books published before 1923 for free D. download any part of a book before you buy it 36. What is this passage mainly about? A. How to use a Kindle e-reader. C. The introduction of a Kindle e-reader. B. Who needs a Kindle e-reader. D. The advantages of a Kindle e-reader.
E At the age of 14, Hugh Evans spent a night with cockroaches（蟑螂）crawling all over him. That experience turned out to be life-changing for Evans, now 30. Far removed from his comfortable home in Australia, he traveled to the Philippines with an aid organization that set him up with a host family. Their home was in Smokey Mountain, a teeming slum （贫民窟） in Manila. A boy in the family, Sonny Boy, was the same age as Evans. The difference between their lives shocked him hard. “I believed that I wanted to commit my life to this,” said Evans. “I want to see an end to extreme poverty in my lifetime.” It’s the same goal shared by global organizations and world leaders, and some great progress has been made in reducing the number of the world’s poorest. In 1981, about half the developing world lived in extreme poverty. By 2010, it had fallen to about 20 percent. The organization has set 2030 as the goal to reduce the rate even further, to 3 percent. The gains worldwide are unbalanced. China and Southeast Asia have made huge progress in
lifting their populations above that line. But the opposite is true in some areas in Africa. Even though economic growth is developing across the continent, the number of extremely poor people actually increased over the last three decades. The organization’s campaign, “Live Below the Line”, hoped for an even greater effect by actually having people eat the way that the world’s poorest have to do every day. This year about 15,000 people worldwide joined in the campaign such as Ben Affleck and Josh Groban, as well as other notables, such as Jill Biden and Hunter Biden, the vice president’s son. The campaign will raise up to $4,000,000 for various aid organizations working to help the world’s poorest. 37. The author mentioned Evans’ experience in his teens to _________. A. help him change his poor life B. warn him not to live a poor life C. show how he missed his teenage time D. show how the poor life influenced him 38. What do we know about Evans? A. He is 44 years old. C. He lives in extreme poverty now. B. His home is in Australia. D. He often does business in Manila.
39. What do the underlined words “the continent” in paragraph 5 refer to? A. Australia. C. Africa. 40. “Live Blow the Line” aims at_________. A. making people know the reality of living in poverty B. making wealthy people donate all their money C. warning wealthy people not to waste food D. helping poor people save more money 第二节 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 （如果所用的答题卡没有 E、F、G 选项，则选 E 涂 A、B，选 F 涂 A、C，选 G 涂 A、 D） Make the Right Choices B. Southeast Asia. D. South America.
What is life’s greatest gift?
Choice is the ability to select one course of action from a
set of alternatives to achieve a goal. What is so great about choice? It transforms us from dumb animals into artists. Each of us becomes another Michelangelo. Choice becomes nothing other than the tool we use to sculpt (雕刻) our life. The tool doesn’t come free, however, for the price of choice is responsibility. 42 The reward is happiness. 43 We constantly need to monitor where we are on our
Life is not still. It is a flow.
journey. We need to ask questions: Am I moving closer to my goals? If not, what corrective measures can I take? What action will I take now to readjust myself to my goals? Choice is power. Choice is at the heart of life. It is the creative power of life. 44 And your life becomes more convenient or comfortable because of them. For
example, you decide which stores to shop at and which gas station to go to. But the decisions that we make to sculpt our lives are far more important than deciding where to shop. The more we appreciate the difference between minor and major decisions, the greater the probability that we will experience happiness and fulfillment. All chess lovers realize that it isn’t necessary to win to enjoy the game. The pleasure is in the playing. Life is like a chess game. game of life, regardless of its outcome. 45 If you live by this rule, you will always enjoy the
A. It is free will or choice. B. You have to make choices every day. C. Make the best moves you can under the circumstances. D. But when we accept and carry it out, we get a great return. E. Every choice we make leads us closer to or farther from our goals. F. Life is full of hard choices, and the bigger they are, the harder they get. G. Choose to carry out responsibilities not because you have to, but because you want to.
第三部分 英语知识运用（满分 30 分） 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白 处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
My father died a month ago. He’d been as man to be. He’d gone to 47 My father always had a fishing or to the park. We were things began to He had never 50 52
as anyone could expect a 38-year-old
one night and just never got up in the morning. 48 49 smile and a kind word. When I was little, he’d take me then, and I wanted to grow up to be just like Dad. Then 51 it.
. We used to argue a lot and I know it was I who usually
to read and had to take a job in a car repair shop when very young. I 53 late at night, and when I saw him the next morning there 54 .
often wondered why he would
would be dark circle under his eyes. One night I got the It was fiercely cold so I decided to get was still on and I went to turn it off. Looking table, with a After a while, I 57 55 56
blanket to warm up my bed. The kitchen light the corner, I saw my father at the kitchen 58 .
in front of him and a pen in his hand. He was talking slowly and 59
the words as Dr. Seuss’s “Cat in the Hat”. I bought the book when I was 60 it to me. I remember how his face turned 61 as he
little and had asked my father to
handed it back to me and said, “Sorry, son.” Now, as I heard the familiar words coming from his lips, I was stunned(惊呆). I never mentioned my discovery asked him for 62 I began to have more respect for my father. I often
63 and spent more time with him.
One summer day, just two months before his death, I came home to find a new car in our garage. “Hope you like it.” My father said. The still could not tell him that I 65 him. 64 words were on the tip of my tongue, but I
I wondered if he would have been happier, had I said those three words. 46. A. respectable 47. A. sleep 48. A. secret 49. A. anxious 50. A. happen 51. A. started 52. A. intended 53. A. come back 54. A. answer B. great B. hospital B. ready B. close B. continue B. settled B. learned B. go out B. solution C. humorous C. work C. forced C. hopeless C. change C. ended C. wanted C. stay up C. idea D. healthy D. heaven D. cold D. conflicting D. improve D. liked D. refused D. wake up D. proof
55. A. more 56. A. through 57. A. lamp 58. A. quietly 59. A. understood 60. A. pay 61. A. dark 62. A. so 63. A. permission 64. A. three 65. A. missed
B. some B. up B. cup B. sadly B. recognized B. keep B. pale B. because B. money B. warm B. loved
C. other C. around C. dictionary C. shyly C. discovered C. read C. blue C. but C. books C. short C. thanked
D. another D. for D. book D. happily D. saw D. teach D. red D. until D. advice D. hard D. hated
第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题 共 50 分) 注意： 将答案写在答题纸上。写在本试卷上无效。 第四部分 基础知识（共四节，满分 50 分） 第一节 单词拼写（共１０小题，每小题 1 分，满分１０分） 1. She’ s very _________ (有创造性的) — she writes poetry and paints. 2. People are trying to make the once _________ (污染) rivers clean again. 3. For _________ (方便) , England is divided roughly into three zones. 4. He is changing his mind _________ (不断地) , which has made people around him not know what he will do next. 5. I have made an _________ (约会) with her, so I must keep it. 6. She cried just now and her eyes were watery and _________ (肿胀). 7. Paintings at that time were _________ (荒谬) and controversial. 8. There have been several _________ (交换) of views between the two governments. 9. It is stressed that smoking and drug abuse should be _________ (禁止). 10. Prices have risen _________ (平稳) during the past decade.
第二节 完成句子（共１０小题，每小题 1 分，满分１０分） 从下面的方框中选出适当的短语并用其正确形式填空（其中有两项多余）
put up with ahead of time
make sense of be absorbed in
glance through go over
make an attempt to
lose sight of
apply for draw a conclusion
1. This book _________ helping students to improve reading skills. 2. They have completed the design _________ as a result of working overtime. 3. As his family was poor and couldn’t afford his education, he _________ the financial aid from the university. 4. Will you please put the items back __________ after using them? 5. The salesman _________ persuade the old lady to buy the fridge that was on discount. 6. After studying the phenomenon, they _____________ that the more money some people have, the less they care about others. 7. He _________ reading the book, and even forgot to have his meal at noon. 8. The concept is so abstract that I cannot fully _________ it. 9. If you want to make progress, how about _________ all the lessons you have learned this term before the exam? 10. Please close the window. I can hardly _________ the noise in the street.
第三节 语法填空（共１０小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分１5 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 Have you ever heard the old saying, “Never judge a book by its cover”? This is 1 good 2
rule to follow when trying to judge the intelligence of others. Some people have minds shine only in certain situations. A young people with an himself speechless in the 4 3
(usual) gift for writing may find
(present) of a pretty girl when he speaks. He may not be able to
find the right words. But don’t make mistake of thinking him stupid. With a pen and a piece of paper, he can express 5 (he) better than anybody.
Other people may fool you into overestimating their intelligence by putting up a good front. A student listening attentively and impression exams. 7 6 (take) notes in class is sure to make a favorable 8 it comes to
his teachers. But he may score near the bottom of the class
The only way
(determine) a person’s intelligence is to get to know him. The
(much) situation you see, the better your judgment is likely to be. So take your time. Don’t judge a book by its cover.
第四节 短文改错（共１０小题，每小题 1 分，满分１０分） 假设英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有10处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧）, 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（＼）划掉。 修改：在错的词下画一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分
It was not until I was 30 years old when I decided I wanted to teach. I want to make difference in the lives of small children. Not having spent even one day learn in a college classroom, I am now attending full-time and I love it. And I feel simple happy. After graduation, I hoped I can teach in a primary school to helping students learn more and more knowledges. I will make good use up my time and learn as many as I can. I’m sure that my effort will pay it off and my dream can come true one day.
第五节 书法展示（5 分）用手写印刷体抄写 With the popularity of English and the Internet, some people like to use English words in Chinese expressions. For example, the use of the word “hold” to mean “to control or be able to deal with”, and “out” to mean “out of date, not fashionable”. As we all know, every coin has two sides. The positive side of this phenomenon is that much fun can be felt sometimes when English words are directly put in Chinese expressions. However, this phenomenon also has a negative effect on the proper use of standard Chinese. It shows that the western culture is gradually influencing our life. Personally, I don’t appreciate this fashion because keeping Chinese pure is beyond any fashion.
唐山一中 2015－2016 学年度高二下寒假开学调研考试 听力：1---5 ABABC 阅读：21---24 ADDC 37---40 DBCA 完形填空 46---50 DABBC 单词拼写 1. creative 6. swollen 完成句子 1. is aimed at 2. ahead of time 3. applied for 4. in place 5. made an attempt to 2. polluted 7. ridiculous 3. convenience 8. exchanges 4. constantly 9. banned/forbidden 5. appointment 10. steadily 51---55 ABCAD 56---60 CDABC 61---65 DCDAB 6---10 BCACB 25---28 CBDB 41---45 ADEBC 11---15 CBABC 29---32 BDCB 16---20 AABCA 33---36 BDCD
6. draw/have drawn a conclusion 7. was absorbed in 8. make sense of 9. going over 10. put up with
语篇填空 1. a 6. taking 短文改错 1. when---that 2. make 后加 a 3. learn 改为 learning 5.hoped 改为 hope 8.up 改为 of 6. helping 改为 help 9. many 改为 much 10.去掉 it 2. which/that 7. on 3. unusual 8. when 4. presence 9. to determine 5. himself 10. more
4. simple 改为 simply 7. knowledges---knowledge