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江苏省泰州市民兴中学2016届高三上学期首轮综合练习一


高三首轮综合练习一
一、单项选择 1. It?s ________ good feeling for people to admire the Shanghai World Expo that gives them ________ pleasure. A. /; a B. a; / C. the; a D. a; the 2. Teachers recommend parents ________ their children under 12 to ride bicycles to school for safety. A. not allow B. do not allow C. mustn?t allow D. couldn?t allow 3. —Excuse me, I wonder if you can help me? —Sure, ________? A. What help B. What is this C. What do you want D. What is it 4. ________ in my life impressed me so deeply as my first visit to the Palace Museum. A. Anything B. Nothing C. Everything D. Something 5. ______ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends. A. Completing B. Having completed C. To have completed D. To complete 6. A person ______ e-mail account is full won?t be able to send or receive any e-mails. A. who B. whom C. whose D. whoever 7. This printer is of good quality. If it _______ break down within the first year, we would repair it at our expense. A. would B. should C. could D. might 8. —Why does the Lake smell terrible? —Because large quantities of water________. A. have polluted B. is being polluted C. has been polluted D. have been polluted 9. 9. In April, 2015, President Xi attended the Asian-African Summit in Indonesia , ________ the 60th anniversary of the Asian-African Conference Commemoration A. marking B. marked C. having marked D. being marked 10.It seems that living green is ________ easy and affordable. A small step makes a big difference. A. exactly B. fortunately C. surprisingly D. hardly 11. Montreal, ________ port in the Province of Quebec, is ________second largest _________ city in the world. A. a; the; French-speaking B. a; a; French-spoken C. the; the; French-speaking D. a; the; French-spoken 12. ---Is Bob still performing? ---I?m afraid not. He is said _____ the stage already as he has become an official. A. to have left B. to leave C. to have been left D. to be left 13. It is in the very village, ________ Mary was born 35 years ago, ________ she will build her first school, ________ inspires everyone to help her. A. where; that; which B. that; that; that C. that; when; which D. where; when; that 14. ________, the idea of having to work under a woman defeated him. A. Wanting the job very much B. Although wanting the job badly C. Though he wanted the job very much D. He wanted the job badly 15. --- What do you think of the blind man? --- I?ve never seen a man with _______ sense of touch. A. a good B. the best C. the better D. a better 16. Word has come ________ some visitors will come for a visit to our school next week. A. what B. that C. whether D. when 17. The majority agreed that his suggestion was worthy ________. A. to consider B. of consideration C. considering D. of considering 18. The police have ________anyone with information to come forward and talk to them. A. admitted to B. called for C. allowed for D. appealed to 19. The sports meet, originally __________ be held last Friday, was finally delayed because of the bad weather. A. due to B. thanks to C. owing to D. according to 20. Many early Europeans, __________ the earth to be flat, feared that Columbus would fall off the edge of the earth.

A. believing

B. having believed C. believed

D. to believe

二、完形填空 The amount of usable water has always been of great interest in the world. ___11___ springs and streams sometimes means control, particularly in the ___12___ areas like the desert. The control is possible even without possession of large areas of ___13___ land. In the early days of the American West, gun fights were not ___14___ for the water resources (资源). And laws had to be ___15___ to protect the water rights of the ___16___and the use of the water resources accordingly. ___17___is known to us all, there is not ___18___ water in all places for everyone to use as much as he likes. Deciding on the ___19___of water that will be used in any particular period ___20___careful planning, so that people can manage and use water more ___21___. Farmers have to change their use of or demand for water___22___the water supply forecast (预报). The___23___water supply forecast is based more on the water from the___24___than from the below. Interest is ___25___in the ways to increase rainfall by man-made methods, and to get water from the winter snow on mountain ___26___ . With special equipment, some scientists are studying the ways in which the mountain snow can be ___27___ , and with the help of a repeater station, they send the ___28___ data to the base station. The operator at the base station can get the data at any time by ___29___ a button. In the near future, the forecast and use of water ___30___ probably depend on the advanced knowledge of snow on mountains, not of water underground. 11. A. Using B. Holding C. Owning D. Finding 12. A. dry B. distant C. deserted D. wild 13. A. fine B. beautiful C. rich D. poor 14. A. unlawful B. unacceptable C. unpopular D. uncommon 15. A. made B. designed C. signed D. written 16. A. winners B. settlers C. fighters D. supporters 17. A. That B. It C. What D. As 18. A. plentiful B. enough C. any D. much 19. A. type B. quality C. amount D. level 20. A. requests B. requires C. means D. suggests 21. A. effectively B. easily C. conveniently D. actively 22. A. leading to B. due to C. owing to D. according to 23. A. correct B. further C. average D. early 24. A. clouds B. sky C. air D. above 25. A. raising B. rising C. building D. lasting 26. A. rocks B. tips C. tops D. trees 27. A. taken care of B. made use of C. piled up D. saved up 28. A. picked B. produced C. used D. gathered 29. A. touching B. knocking C. pressing D. turning 30. A. might B. can C. will D. should 三、阅读理解 A We already know the fastest, least expensive way to slow climate change: Use less energy. With a little effort, and not much money, most of us could reduce our energy diets by 25 percent or more—doing the Earth a favor while also helping our wallets. Not long ago, my wife, PJ, and I tried a new diet—not to lose a little weight but to answer an annoying question about climate change. Scientists have reported recently that the world is bending up even faster than predicted only a few years ago, and that the consequences could be severe if we don?t keep reducing emissions (排放) of carbon dioxide (二氧化碳) and other greenhouse gases that are trapping heat in our atmosphere. We decided to try an experiment. For one month we recorded our personal emissions of carbon dioxide. We wanted to see how much we could cut back, so we went on a strict diet. The average US household (家庭) produces about 150 pounds of carbon dioxide a day by doing common-place things like turning on air-conditioning or driving cars. That?s more than twice the European average and almost five times the global average, mostly because Americans drive more and have bigger houses. But how much should we try to reduce? For an answer, I checked with Tim Flannery, author of The Weather Makers: How Man Is

Changing the Climate and What It Means for Life on Earth. In his book, he had challenged readers to make deep cuts in personal emissions to keep the world from reaching extremely important tipping points, such as the melting (融化) of the ice sheets in Greenland or West Antarctica. “To stay below that point, we need to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 80 percent,” he said. Good advice, I thought. I?d opened our bedroom windows to let in the wind. We?d gotten so used to keeping our air-conditioning going around the clock. I?d almost forgotten the windows even opened. We should not let this happen again. It?s time for us to change our habits if necessary. 1. Why did the author and his wife try a new diet? A. To take special kinds of food B. To respond to climate change C. To lose weight D. To improve their health 2. The underlined words “tipping points” most probably refer to __________. A. freezing points B. burning points C. melting points D. boiling points 3. It can be inferred from the passage that __________. A. it is necessary to keep the air-conditioning on all the time B. it seems possible for every household to cut emissions of CO2 C. the average US household produces about 3,000 pounds of CO2 a month D. the average European household produces about 1,000 pounds of CO2 a month B The house was quiet at 5 am and Tim?s mother was asleep. Only the sound of the big freezer broke the quiet. He?d dreamt the cave last night. The purring (轻微颤动声) of the freezer had been the sea. Tim pulled on a sweater and put some apples into his schoolbag. It was too early for breakfast. He?d eat after he?d been through the cave, sitting on the rocks and staring at the sea. He wished he had a proper pack. His schoolbag would have to do. What else? Sandwiches--but his mother might wake up if he started pulling out bread for sandwiches, she?d want to know why he had to leave so early. He settled for some biscuits, and left a note stuck to the table: Gone to Michael?s. Back tonight, Tim. The sky was high and soft and light outside, though the sun still wasn?t up. Even the highway up the hill was quiet as he made his way down the street. The wind from the sea was fresh and sweet. The sand hills still breathed heat from yesterday?s sun, though the top of the sand was cool. He ran down to the beach impatiently, but there was no one, just dry sand dancing in the early wind and seabirds marching up and down watching the waves. The light changed suddenly. The first rays of sunlight stretched (延伸) across the sea. The sun was pushing its way over the edge of the world. Over the first rocks, along to the point. Tim glanced back. The beach was still empty. The sun sailed higher in the sky. He could see the cave now, even darker in the morning light. The sand turned silver then dark gold as the water flowed away from it. He had to force himself to go closer. Why was it so much more mysterious (神秘的) now? But it would be silly to go back now after so much trouble. He needn?t go in all the way. 1. What did Tim do at the beginning of the story? A. He left the house quietly. B. He had breakfast at home. C. He left a note on the freezer. D. He put a sweater in his schoolbag. 2. “He settled for some biscuits” (in Paragraph 3) means that Tim __________. A. had to leave the biscuits on the table B. liked biscuits better than sandwiches C. had to take biscuits instead of sandwiches D. could only find some biscuits in the kitchen 3. What made it possible for Tim to see the entry to the cave? A. The height of the first rocks. B. The ups and downs of the waves. C. The change in the position of the sun. D. The vast stretch of the sunlit beach. 4. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the story? A. The sea looked like a piece of gold. B. Seabirds flew away when Tim arrived. C. Tim was the only person on the beach. D. The sky got dark as Tim reached the cave. 5. In the story, Tim?s mood (心情) changed from_________. A. loneliness to craziness B. anxiousness to excitement C. helplessness to happiness D. eagerness to nervousness 四、任务型阅读 Children who grow up with self-control and the understanding of others? needs will be happy

and successful adults according to Dr. Cleen Kelly Mast, an expert on children?s health. The key to raising a successful child is realizing what is true happiness. If a person wants to be truly happy, he or she should learn to form the habits of self-discipline and generosity. Parents must help their children to reach this point by emphasizing the importance of developing virtue and forming good habits. “We have wonderful support systems through our schools,” Dr. Mast said, “But they are just support systems. Schools cannot make up for what is lacking at home.” According to Dr. Mast, family life is well suited to educate children in virtuous living and the development of what she calls a “fine-tuned” conscience, which brings happy feelings. So how can busy parents help children fine-tune their consciences? Dr. Mast suggests parents stop blaming and criticizing their children and teach children the skills of self-discipline through concrete actions. However, a parent?s good example is not enough. Children must become engaged in their own development. Parents can help to achieve that by making children realize they are responsible for their actions. And parents can choose to stop protecting them from painful experiences as well. Good discipline is not just making children resign themselves to parents? requests. “Parents must encourage them with more than ?Because I said so?”, said Dr. Mast. Besides, orderliness is quite important for children to achieve self-discipline. In a broad sense, humans are made to love, and love involves sacrifice, which is not a quite popular idea in the modern world. Parents need to work on developing their children?s habits of generosity and kindness to others. “Help your child, and yourself, to think kind thoughts of others, while pushing out negative thoughts,” said Dr. Mast. She also suggests parents find their children?s nature by analyzing the way they react to situations or to other people. And it is also considered effective to have them develop the habit of reviewing the day nightly, with a focus on correcting their own particular faults. But life is not all work and no play. All have the right to enjoy life. As parents, it is your duty to help your children form good habits and let them have fun while working hard, which results in success when they grow up. Title Develop the habits that make children successful. The key to raising a successful child is ___1___ what is true happiness and children should learn to form the habits of self-discipline and generosity. Dr. Mast?s theory Schools are just support systems, which cannot make up for what children ___2___ to learn at home. Parents should stop blaming and criticizing their children, set a(n) ___3___ to their children and help them acquire the skills of self-discipline. Children should realize that they are responsible for their actions and parents can choose to stop protecting Help children to be self-disciplined them from ___4___ experiences. Good discipline is not just making children ___5___ the requests of parents. It is important for children to learn how to keep things in ___6___. It is suggested that parents find the nature of their children through their ___8___ to situations or to other Help children to be ___7___ and people. kind Developing the habit of reviewing the day every ___9___ is of great help to correct particular faults. It is a duty for parents to help children form good habits, Conclusion which leads to the ___10___ of the children in the future.

一、单项填空 1-5 BADBD 二、完形填空 11—15 CACDA

6-10 CBDAC 16—20 BDBCB

11—15 AAACD 21—25 ADADB

1 6—20 BBDAA 26—30 CBDCC

三(A)1-3 BCB(B)1-5 ACCCD 四 1. realizing 2. fail 3. example 6. order 7. generous 8. reaction(s)

4.painful 9. night

5. follow 10. success


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