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【讲练测】2016年高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Making the news(讲)(含解析)新人教版必修5


Unit 4 Making the news
单元知识预览 项目 单词及其词性变化(语法填空必备) 1.photograph n.照片 vt.给??照相→photographer n.摄影师→photography n.摄影 2.delighted adj.快乐的;欣喜的→delight n.快乐 3.admirable adj.值得赞扬的;令人钦佩的→admire v

t.钦佩 4.assist vt.帮助;协助;援助→assistant n.助手;助理;售货员 5.profession n.职业;专业→professional adj.专业的;职业的 n.专业人员 6.eager adj.渴望的;热切的 7.concentrate vt.聚集;集中→concentration n.集中 8.acquire vt.获得;取得;学到 9.access vt.评估;评定 10.inform vt.告知;通知 重点单词 11.meanwhile adv.其间;同时 12.case n.情况;病例;案例 13.accuse vt.指责;谴责;控告 14.demand n.需求;要求 vt.强烈要求 15.technical adj.技术(上)的;技巧方面的 16.gifted adj.有天赋的 17.accurate adj.精确的;正确的 18.approve vt.赞成;认可;批准→approval n.认可 19.process vt.加工;处理 n.过程;程序;步骤 20.appointment n.约会;任命→appoint v.任命 1.concentrate on 集中;全神贯注于 2.depend on 依靠;依赖 重点短语 3.accuse...of 因??指责或控告?? 4.so as to (do sth.) 为了(做)?? 5.ahead of 在??前面

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6.have a nose for... 对??有敏感的嗅觉 7.inform sb. of sth. 通知某人某事 8.get the wrong end of the stick 完全误解;弄错 9.look forward to... 盼望?? 10.pass...on to... 把??传给?? 11.last of all 最后 12.be processed into... 被制成?? 1.Never will Zhou Yang(ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper.周扬将永远不会忘记他在一家流行的英语报社的第一次任务。 2.Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills.对摄影我不仅只是感兴趣,在大学里我还专修过业余摄影课来更新我的 技术。 经典句型 3.His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin(HX), was to strongly influence his life (高考书 as a journalist.他与他的新老板胡新的讨论对他的记者生涯会产生重要影响。 面表达必 4.Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong 备) end of the stick? 你们有没有过这样的情况:别人控告你们的记者,说他(她)们的报道完全失实? 5.So we arranged an interview between the footballer and the man supposed to bride him. 因此,我们安排这名球员和被认为行贿的人一起接受采访。 必备语法 (高级句 型) 晨读范文背诵 背诵这篇范文 请根据以下内容为学校英语报写一篇报道。 最近,我国教育专家对我国中学生所喜爱的节日进行了一项调查,北京和广州的 1000 多名中学生接受了调查。结果如下: 非谓语动词

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[写作内容] 1. 调查的时间、对象和调查内容; 2. 调查的主要数据; 3. 调查结果表明:80%的学生知道我国的春节等传统节日;年轻人也很重视外国节日。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章连贯。 Recently some Chinese educational experts did a survey among more than 1,000 students from Beijing and Guangzhou on their favourite festivals. About half of the respondents choose the Spring Festival as their most favourite. Next comes Christmas Day and Mothers' / Fathers' Day, with 20% and 10% respectively. However,Mid?autumn Day accounts for less than 10%.From the survey, we can see although 80% of the students are familiar with our traditional festivals, like the Spring Festival, more and more young people favour the foreign festivals. 语言知识精析 重点单词精讲 考点 1.delighted adj.快乐的;欣喜的 【教材原句】We're delighted you're coming to work with us.非常高兴你来和我们一起 工作。 【例句研读】 (1)I'm delighted at/by your success. 我为你的成功感到高兴。 (2)I was delighted to see my old friends again. 我很高兴再次见到我的老朋友们。 【归纳拓展】 be delighted to do sth.很高兴干某事
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be delighted+that 从句 ??很高兴 be delighted at/by 听到/因??很高兴 delight n.[U]快乐;高兴[C]令人高兴的事;乐事 much to one's delight=to one's great delight 使某人非常高兴的是?? with delight 高兴地 to one's delight=to the delight of sb.令某人高兴的是 take delight in sth./doing sth. 以某事为乐/喜欢做某事 delight vt.使高兴;使愉快 delightful adj.令人愉快的;宜人的 【即时巩固】 (1)He jumped _________when he heard the news that he was admitted into Beijing University. 当得知被北京大学录取的消息时,他高兴地跳了起来。 (2)_________,our football team won. 令我们高兴的是,我们的球队赢了。 (3)It is a to live in the country.

住在乡下是件令人快乐的事。 【答案】 (1)with delight (2)To our delight(3)delight

考点 2.professional adj.职业的;专业的 n.专业人员 【教材原句】You’ll have a professional photographer with you to take photographs. 你们将带上一名专业的摄影师去拍照。 【例句研读】 (1) She intends to make teaching her profession. 她打算以教书为业。 (2) She is a real professional.她是位真正的专家。 【归纳拓展】 Profession n 职业,行业,专业 【易混辨析】 profession, job, occupation, career 与 work (1)profession 以前常指要受过高等教育(尤指法律、医学和神学)才能获得的职业;现
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在一般指谋生之职,尤指从事脑力劳动或受过专门训练、具有某种专业知识的工作。 (2)job 泛指一切有报酬的工作。 (3)occupation 泛指任何一种职业,比 job 正式,经常用于书面语。 (4)career 指经过专门训练,终身愿意从事的职业。 (5)work 指任何种类的工作,也泛指职业。 【即时巩固】 (1) Many of the performers were of___________. 许多表演者都具有专业水平。 (2) She is extremely _________in her approach to her job. 她对她工作的方式极 为精通。 【答案】(1) professional standard (2) professional

考点 3.eager adj.渴望的;热切的;热心的 【教材原句】You'll find your colleagues very eager to assist you,so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you're interested. 你将发现你的同事们会非常热情地帮助你, 所以如果你对摄影感兴趣, 以后你可以集中精力 去研究它。 【例句研读】 (1) He is very eager in his studies. 他非常热衷于学业。 (2) Most students are eager for/about their progress. 大多数学生渴望进步。 【归纳拓展】 be eager for/after/about...渴望?? be eager (for sb.)to do sth.渴望(某人)做某事 be eager in...热衷于?? be eager that...热切地希望?? 【易混辨析】 eager anxious 强调“对成功的期望”或“进取的热情”,含有积极向上的意 思。 强调“担心”或“焦虑”,对结果感到不安。

Zhou Yang is anxious to know the result of the exam,for he's eager to be admitted

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into the university. 周阳急切地想知道考试结果,因为他渴望被大学录取。 【即时巩固】 (1) The head _______all the workers should come in time.队长急着要所有员工都及时 来。 (2) She is new here so naturally she 是新来到这里的,当然渴望交朋友。 (3)I to buy a new car now,because the prices have gone up. make friendship. 她

我现在不急于买汽车,因为价钱已经涨了。 【答案】 (1)is eager that(2)is eager to(3)am not anxious 考点 4.assist vt. & vi.帮助,援助,协助 【教材原句】You'll find your colleagues very eager to assist you,so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you're interested. 你将发现你的同事们会非常热情地帮助你, 所以如果你对摄影感兴趣, 以后你可以集中精力 去研究它。 【例句研读】 (1) He asked us to assist him in carrying through his plan. 他请求我们帮他顺利完成他的计划。 (2) The teacher said that he would like to choose an assistant among us. 老师说他想要从我们当中选一个助手。 【归纳拓展】 assistance n. assistant n. 帮助,援助,支持 助手,助理;售货员

assist+n./pron. 帮助?? assist sb in/with sth assist (sb) in doing sth assist sb to do sth 【易混易错】 assist 与 help (1)assist 强调在提供帮助时, 以受助者为主, 所给的帮助起第二位或从属的作用。 如: 帮助某人(做)某事 帮助(某人)做某事

帮助某人做某事

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They assisted in building the house. 他们帮助盖这栋房子。 (2)help 为普通用词,含义广泛,指一般性的或迫切需要的帮助,侧重指积极地为他人 提供物质、精神或其他方面的帮助。如: She might be able to help us. 她也许能帮助我们。 【即时巩固】 (1) ____________ one day a week would ease my workload. 每周有一天配一个助手就 会减轻我的工作负担。 (2) He asked us to____________________ carrying through their plan. 他要我们帮助 他实施他们的计划。 (3) He ________designing the new bridge. 他协助设计了那座新桥。 【答案】 (1) An assistant (2) assist him in (3) assisted in

考点 5.concentrate v.集中;聚集;全神贯注;集合 【教材原句】You'll find your colleagues very eager to assist you,so you may be able to concentrate on photography later if you're interested. 你将发现你的同事们会非常热情地帮助你, 所以如果你对摄影感兴趣, 以后你可以集中精力 去研究它。 【例句研读】 (1) The government's new plan is to concentrate industries in areas of high unemployment. 政府新的计划是将工业集中于高失业区。 (2) If you concentrate all your energies on the study of English,you will master the language. 你若全力以赴地学习英语,你会掌握这门语言的。 【归纳拓展】 ①concentrate on/upon(doing)sth.专心(做)某事 concentrate one's mind/attention/energy/efforts on 集中注意力于;致力于;专心于 ②concentration n.集中精力;专心 【即时巩固】

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(1) We must _________on improving education.我们必须致力于改进教育工作。 (2) If you want to pass your examination , you'll have to listening skills.如果你想通过考试,你必须注意你的听力技巧。 (3) He __________his work.他正全神贯注于他的工作。 【答案】 (1) concentrate our efforts (2) concentrate on 考点 6.acquire vt. 获得,取得,学到 【教材原句】 Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. 你只有提出了许多不同的问题之后才有可能获得你需要知道的所有信息。 【例句研读】 (1) To acquire success,you must work hard. 要获得成功,你必须努力。 (2) We must work hard to acquire a good knowledge of English. 我们必须努力学习以学好英语。 【归纳拓展】 acquired adj.习得的;后天的;已取得的;已获得的 acquisition n.取得;获得(不可数);得到的东西(可数) acquire a knowledge of 学到??的知识 (3) is concentrating upon your

【易混易错】 acquire,obtain,gain 与 get 这四个词都含有“得到,获得,达到(目的)”之意。 (1)acquire 多指通过不断地“学”、“问”等方式慢慢地获取学问、技术等较抽象的 东西。 (2)obtain 表示经过相当长的时间或经过很大的努力,获得期望已久的东西。 (3)gain 含义较 obtain 进一层,表示付出更大的努力才能获得,故常译为“赢得”。 (4)get 是使用最广泛的一个词,包含“有意努力去获得”或“被动地得到”之意。 【即时巩固】 (1) He 学习精通了电脑知识。 a great knowledge of computers by careful study.他通过认真

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(2) How can such a large quantity of knowledge___________?这么大量的知识怎样才 能学到呢? (3) I haven't been able to ________ that book anywhere.我在任何地方都得不到那本 书。 【答案】(1) acquired (2) be acquired (3) obtain 考点 7.inform vt. 告知,通知;了解;熟悉 【教材原句】They must use research to inform themselves of the missing parts of the story.记者必须通过调查研究,来使自己了解到被遗漏的那部分情况。 【例句研读】 (1) Keep me informed of/about what happens. 有事随时通知我。 (2) He informed the police that some money was missing. 他向警方报案说有些钱不见了。 【归纳拓展】 inform sb.of/about sth.通知某人某事 inform sb.(that)告知某人?? inform on/against sb.告发某人 inform oneself(of/about sth.)了解;熟悉 informed adj.有学问的;有见识的 keep sb.informed 随时告知某人 information n.消息;情报 【温馨提示】 information 为不可数名词,在冠词、代词的使用中要特别注意。 【即时巩固】 (1) He (2) The head teacher his decision to leave. 他通知我们他决定要离开。 that the school would be closed for seven days because

of the cases of the flu. 班主任告诉我们因为流感学校要放 7 天假。 (3) Can you__________ where he lives?你能告诉我他住在哪里吗? 【答案】 (1)informed us of (2) informed us (3) inform me (of) 考点 8.case n.[C]情况;病例;案例;例子;箱子 【教材原句】 Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting

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the wrong end of the stick?你们有没有过这样的情况:有人控告你的记者,说他们的报 道完全失实呢? 【例句研读】 (1) He thought he had already solved the problem, but that was not the case. 他以为他已经解决了这个问题,可是实际情况并非如此。 (2) In case of rain, they can't go. 万一下雨,他们就不能去了。 【归纳拓展】 in any case in no case 无论如何,不管怎样 决不,在任何情况下都不 假使这/那样的话,既然这/

in this/that case 那样 in case (of) 【温馨提示】

假使,免得,以防(万一)

(1)in case 后跟从句时,不能用 that 连接。 (2)case 表示抽象的地点,若有定语从句修饰,后面的定语从句多用 where 引导。 (3)in no case 置于句首时,句子要用部分倒装结构。 【即时巩固】 (1) Take the umbrella with you ________it rains. 带上伞以防下雨。 (2) In no case _________unclear weapons. 中国在任何情况下都不会使用核武器。 (3) He had his camera ready he saw something that would make a good picture.

他准备好了相机,万一看见能拍一张好照片的东西(就可以拍下来了)。 【答案】(1) in case (2) will China use (3) in case

考点 9.accuse vt.指责;谴责;指控 【教材原句】 Have you ever had a case where someone accused your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick?你们有没有过这样的情况:有人控告你的记者,说他们的报 道完全失实呢? 【例句研读】
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(1) She accused him of stealing her watch. 她控告他偷了她的手表。 (2) He was accused of stealing some advanced equipment from his company. 他被指控从公司偷了一些先进的设备。 【归纳拓展】 accused adj. 被控告的

accuser n. 原告;控告者;指责者 accuse sb of sth 因某事而指责/指控某人 the accused 被告 【易混易错】 accuse, charge 与 blame (1)accuse 所表达的“指控,控告”比较直接和尖锐,但指控对方的事不一定很严重, 有时可与 charge 通用,但 accuse 常用的搭配为 accuse sb of sth。 (2)charge 表示“指控, 控告”时, 一般用于较严重的错误或罪行, 常用结构为 charge sb with sth。 (3)blame 的意思是“责备”,常用搭配为 blame sb for sth。 【即时巩固】 (1) He ________his boss of having broken his word. 他指责他的老板不守信用。 (2) They __________stealing the car. 他们指控他偷了那辆车。 【答案】(1) accused (2) accused him of

考点 10.demand n.& vt.需求;要求 【教材原句】So we wrote an article suggesting he was guilty. It was a dilemma because the footballer could have demanded damages if we were wrong.所以我们写了一篇文章, 暗示他有罪。这事有些为难,因为如果我们错了,这名足球运动员就可以向我们索要赔偿。 【例句研读】 (1) These goods are in good demand. 这些货物需求量很大。 (2) The workers also demanded higher wages. 工人们还要求提高工资。
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【归纳拓展】 demand to do sth.要求做某事 demand of sb.to do sth.要求某人做某事 demand sth.of/from sb.向某人要某物 meet/satisfy sb.'s demands 满足需求 be in demand 广受欢迎 demand that...that 从句中用 should+动词原形的虚拟语气,should 可省略。 【温馨提示】 (1)作动词时其后的宾语从句用虚拟语气,即从句谓语形式为“(should+)动词原形”; (2)作名词时, 相关的名词性从句用虚拟语气, 即从句谓语形式为“(should+)动词原形”。 (3)demand 不能用于 demand sb to do sth 结构。 【即时巩固】 (1) She _________the editor. 她要求见编辑。 (2) They demanded that the right to vote _________every adult man. 他们要求每个成年人都应享有选举权。 (3) The Harry Potter books are quite popular,they are in great 小说《哈利·波特》非常流行,在这个城市需求量很大。 【答案】(1) demanded to see (2) be given to (3) demand in this city.

考点 11.defend vt.保卫;防护;辩护;辩解;守卫,防御 【例句研读】 (1) She had to defend herself against the guard dog. 她不得不防备看门狗咬她。 (2) The accused man had a lawyer to defend him. 被告有一名律师为他辩护。 【归纳拓展】 defend sb./sth.from...保护??不受 defend sb./sth.with sth.用??保护?? defence=defense n.防御,防卫,防守;辩护 in defence of 保护;为??辩护 【即时巩固】 (1) To the attack of the enemy, many soldiers were killed. 为了抵抗敌

人的进攻,许多士兵牺牲了。
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(2) The government has taken measures to 采取措施保护环境不受污染。 (3) The heavy rain

from being polluted. 政府已经

us from going to park. 大雨阻止我们去公园。

【答案】(1) defend against (2) protect the environment (3) prevented 考点 12.accurate adj. 精确的;正确的 【例句研读】 (1) Is the station clock accurate? 火车站的钟准吗? (2) She is a very accurate typist. 她是一位准确率很高的打字员。 【归纳拓展】 accuracy n. accurately adv. 准确性,精确(程度) 准确地,精确地;正确无误地

to be accurate 确切地说 be accurate in/at...在??方面正确 【易混辨析】accurate, correct 与 exact (1)accurate 的意思是“精确的,准确的”,表示符合标准、事实,无出入。如: The new salesgirl is accurate at figures. 新来的女销售员在计算方面正确无误。 (2)correct 的意思是“正确的”,指按照一定的标准或规则没有错误,为一般用语, 在三个词中语意最弱。如: Your answer is not correct. 你的答案不对。 (3)exact 的意思是“精确的,准确的”,强调完全符合标准或事实真相,在三个词中 语意最强。如: It was difficult to tell her exact age. 很难说出她的确切年龄。 【即时巩固】 (1) Journalists are not always ________in what they write. 新闻工作者的报道并非一贯正确。 (2) I have been convinced that the print media are usually more and more
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reliable than television. 我一直都确信纸质媒体比电视要更加准确,更加可靠。 (3) When taking examinations, you'd better make your answers ________.参加考试 时,你应该使你的答案正确。 【答案】(1) accurate (2) accurate (3) correct 考点 13.approve vt.认可;批准 vi 赞成;同意 【教材原句】Last of all,the chief editor read it and approved it.最后主篇审读了 这篇稿子,并且批准发表了。 【例句研读】 (1) The professor does not approve the government's foreign policy. 那位教授不赞成政府的外交政策。 (2) I'm afraid your parents won't approve of your going there. 我担心你父母不会赞成你到那儿去。 【归纳拓展】 approve of sb.(sb.'s)doing sth.同意某人做某事 approval n.赞成;同意;批准;认可 give one's approval to 批准某人?? have sb.'s approval 得到某人的赞同 with approval of 经??的批准 approver n.承认者;赞同者 disapprove vt.不赞成;不同意 vi.不赞同;不喜欢(+of) 【温馨提示】 approve 作“批准”讲时是及物动词,后面直接接宾语,而且宾语只能是“物”或“事”, 而不是“人”。作“同意,赞成”讲时是不及物动词,常与 of 连用。 【即时巩固】 (1) I don't ______________your going abroad alone. 我不同意你单独出国。 (2) I can't agree to anything without my partner's __________________.没有你搭 档的许可,我什么都不同意。 (3) Her parents don't _________her boyfriend.她父母不满意她的男朋友。 【答案】(1) approve of (2) approval (3) approve of 考点 14.appointment n.约会;任命;预约;委任;职务;职位 【教材原句】Practise in pairs making appointments.两人一组练习约会。
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【例句研读】 (1)May I make an appointment now? 现在我可以预约吗? (2)His uncle was given an appointment at the local school. 他的叔叔获得了当地学校的一个职位。 【归纳拓展】 keep an appointment 守约 by appointment 按照约定 break an appointment 违约 make an appointment with sb.与某人约会 appoint vt.任命;指定(日期、时间、场所) appoint sb.to do sth.指定某人做某事?? appoint sb.as 指定/任命某人为?? 【易混易错】 date 与 appointment 这两个词都有“约会”之意。 (1)date 多指情侣间的约会。如: I have a date with Peter.我和彼得有个约会。 (2)appointment 通常指与人谈生意或与医生等事先约定的见面。如: I've made an appointment for a facial next week. 我已经预约了下周去美容。 【即时巩固】 (1)Now that you have with your friend you should keep it and

shouldn't break it. 既然你已经和朋友约好了,你就应该守约而不应该违约。 (2)He made an appointment 午 8 点。 (3)We _________the day for the meeting. 我们决定了集合的日期。 【答案】 (1)made an appointment(2)with(3)appointed 重点短语精讲 考点 1.depend on 依靠;取决于 his dentist at 8 a.m.他和他的牙医预约了上

【教材原句】Meanwhile you have to prepare the next question depending on what the
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person says. 同时,你还要根据被采访人所说的话准备提出下一个问题。 【例句研读】 (1) I knew he wasn't to be depended upon. 我知道他不可信赖。 (2) Health depends on good food, fresh air and enough sleep. 健康依靠的是良好的食物、新鲜的空气和充足的睡眠。 【归纳拓展】 depend on sb./sth.依赖某人/某物(=rely on/count on) depend on sb.to do sth.依赖某人做某事 depend on sb./sth.for sth.依赖??得到?? depend on 取决于;视??而定 depend on it 请放心;没问题(常用于句首或句末) depend on it that...请相信?? It/That (all) depends.那得视情况而定。 【即时巩固】 (1) The price _________ the quality. 价格取决于品质。 (2)It depends on_______________. 那取决于你如何解决这个问题。 (3)Do __________that Chinese football will make us proud some day.请相信中国足 球总有一天会让我们自豪。 (4)—What are you going to do this weekend? — .If time permits,I may go to Shanghai with my friends.----- 这个

周末你打算做什么?-----看情况而定。如果时间允许,我有可能和朋友一起去上海。 【答案】 (1) depends on (2) how you tackle the problem (3) depend on it (4) It depends 考点 2.so as to 为了;以便;目的是;以致 【教材原句】A footballer was accused of taking money for deliberately not scoring goals so as to let the other team win.一个足球运动员被控受贿,故意不进球,好让另 一队赢球。 【例句研读】

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(1)She broke away from him and ran to the door.她甩开他跑到门口。 (2)The marriage broke up just a few years later 仅仅几年后,这桩婚姻就破裂了。 【易混易错】 so as to,in order to,so that 与 in order that (1)so as to 可以表示目的,意为“为了,目的是”,只能放在句中。如: The test questions must be kept secret so as to prevent cheating.试题必须保 密,以防作弊。 (2)in order to 表示目的时,可以放在句首,也可放在句中。如: We started early in order to arrive before dark. 为了在天黑之前到达,我们很早就动身了。 In order to earn enough money, he worked late into the night. 为了赚到足够的钱, 他工作到深夜。 (3)so that 引导目的状语从句,不可置于句首。如: She simplified the instructions so that the children could understand them. 她简化了指令以便儿童能够理解它们。 (4)in order to 与 in order that 只可表示目的,而 so as to 与 so that 可表示目的, 还可表示结果。如: Someone removed his brushes so that he wasn't able to paint. 有人拿走了他的画笔以至于他不能作画了。 【即时巩固】 (1)The prisoner 两名警察的看守下逃了出去。 (2)The audience __________warm cheers.听众爆发出热烈的欢呼声。 (3)With so much work filling my mind, I almost___________.脑子里想着有那么多的 作业,我几乎崩溃了。 【答案】 (1)broke away from (2)broke into (3)break down the two policemen who were holding him.犯人从

考点 3.have a good nose for sth 对某事(物)有敏锐的嗅觉 【教材原句】We say a good journalist must have a good “nose” for a story.我们 说,一个好的记者必须有一个对新闻非常敏感的“嗅觉”。 【例句研读】 (1)She has a good nose for language.她对语言很敏感。
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(2)Her sister has a gift/talent for music.她的妹妹对音乐有天赋。 【归纳拓展】 have a gift/talent for 对??有天赋 have an eye for 对??有鉴赏力 have an ear for 【即时巩固】 (1)A good artist must___________________ for colour. 一位好的艺术家必须对颜色 有精确的判断力。 (2)With a _________music, he can play a long piece wonderfully after reading it only once.因为对音乐敏感,他只看一次音谱就能精彩地演奏一只长曲子。 【答案】 (1)have an eye (2)good nose for 考点 4. refer to 查阅;提到;谈到;打听;涉及 【教材原句】Refer to pages 89~90 to find out what inversion is.参考第 89 至 90 页的内容,找到“倒装”是怎么样的。 【例句研读】 (1) For information about trains,you must refer to a timetable. 有关火车情况,你一定要查时刻表。 (2) It is suggested that the housing problem referred to be discussed immediately. 有人建议被提到的住房问题要立刻解决。 【归纳拓展】 refer to sb./sth.as 称某人/某物为?? refer to sb.for information 向某人打听消息 refer sb.to sth.让??去查询;提交??作决定 reference 说到,提及,参考 in/with reference to 关于 make reference to 提及?? for future reference 以供将来参考 【即时巩固】 (1) She made __________her illness but only to her future plans.她没有提到她的病, 只说了她未来的计划。 (2) I wrote down the name of the hotel__________. 我记下了这家酒店的名字,以后也许用得着。
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(对音乐等)有鉴别力

(3) You may (4) I promised not to

if you want. 如果需要,你可以查阅笔记。 the matter again.我答应过再也不提这事了。

【答案】(1) no reference to (2) for future reference (3) refer to your notes (4) refer to 考点 5.ahead of 在??前面;超过;提前 【教材原句】We need it in this edition to be ahead of the other newspapers.我们 这一版要用它,这样我们就抢在其他报纸的前面了。 【例句研读】 (1) He is ahead of his class in English.他的英语居全班第一。 (2) She is far ahead of her classmates in English. 在英语方面,她远远超过了她的 同学。 【归纳拓展】 ahead adj.在前的;向前的 adv.在前;向前 go ahead 继续向前;说吧;干吧;请吧 ahead of time 提前 ahead of schedule(比原计划或规定时间)提前 look ahead 向前看;为前途考虑 get ahead of 超过;胜过 be ahead of 在??之前;在??前方;提前;超过 【即时巩固】 (1) His ideas were _____________ his time.他的想法超越了他的时代。 (2) We are well ________you in that field.我们在那个领域远远领先于你们。 (3) —May I borrow your mobile phone?我可以用一下你的手机吗? —__________.用吧! 【答案】(1) ahead of (2) ahead of (3) Go ahead 经典句型剖析 考点 1 not only?but (also)? 不但??而且?? 【教材原句】Not only am I interested in photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills. 对摄影我不只是感兴趣,在大学里我还专修过业余摄影课程来提高我的技术。 【句法分析】

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not only?but also?引导并列句时,not only 后的句子要用部分倒装,but also 后的句 子不用倒装;当 not only?but also? 连接主语时,谓语动词遵循“就近一致”的原则。 如: Not only do the nurses want a pay increase, but they also want reduced hours. 护士们不仅要求加薪,她们还要求减少工作时间。 My chemistry teacher can speak not only English but also Japanese.我的化学老师不 仅会讲英语,还会讲日语。 【温馨提示】 not only?but also? 中的 also 可以省略, 而且 but also 可以用 but?as well 替换。 【例句研读】 (1) His youngest daughter was not only clever but also diligent. 他的最小的女儿不仅聪明而且勤奋。 (2) Not only the students but also the head teacher was late for the lecture. 不仅学生,而且那位班主任听讲座也迟到了。 【即时巩固】 (1)The computer was used for teaching. As a result, not only ______________ saved, but students became more interested in the lessons. 电脑被用于教学,结果,不但老 师们节省了精力而且学生对课程也更感兴趣了。 (2) Not only the students but also the teacher ______________ the plan.不仅学生 老师也反对这项计划。 【答案】 (1) was teachers' energy (2) was against ●考点 2 be supposed to be/do 应当,认为必须 【教材原句】So we arranged an interview between the footballer and the man supposed to bribe him. 于是我们安排这名球员和被认为行贿的人一起采访。 【句法分析】 (1)suppose sb/sth to be 认为某人/某物是?? (2)be supposed to have done 表示“理应做过某事(但可能没做)”,相当于 should have done。 (3)What do you suppose+陈述语序?你认为??怎么样? (4)I suppose so/not.我这样/不这样认为。
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(5)Suppose/Supposing (that)?是表示假设的条件状语从句,从句中用一般现在时表示将 来,意为“假设??,假如??”。 【例句研读】 (1) He is supposed to be a real hero. 他被认为是一位真正的英雄。 (2) You are not supposed to smoke here. 你不准在此吸烟。 【即时巩固】 (1) What are you doing out of bed, Tom? You _____________ be asleep.汤姆,你下床 干什么呢?你应该睡觉。 (2) ____________ we miss the train, what shall we do?假如我们错过了火车,我们该 怎么办? 【答案】 (1)are supposed to (2)Suppose/Supposing (that) 考点 3 As 引导的原因状语从句

【教材原句】Then as the article was going to be written in English Zhou Yang also took a copy to the native speaker employed by the newspaper to polish the style. 因为这篇文章要用英文来写, 所以周阳拿了一份稿子给一位母语为英语的外国雇员, 请她对 语言风格进行润饰。 【句法分析】 as the article was going to be written in English 是英语状语从句,引导词 as 意为:因为,由于。例如:As I had a cold, I was absent from school.因为我感冒了, 所以没去上课。 【例句研读】 (1) As it was getting late, I decided to book into a hotel. 因为时间晚了,我决定住进旅馆。 (2) You can go first as you're the oldest. 你先走因为你是年龄最大的。 【即时巩固】 (1)________ it was getting dark, we soon turned back. 因为天色逐渐变暗,我们不久就回去了。
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(2) As you _______sorry, I'll forgive you. 既然你有悔意,我就原谅你吧 (3) I went to bed early, ________ I was exhausted. 睡得早,因为我精疲力尽了。 【答案】(1) As (2) are (3) as 考点 4 完全倒装

【教材原句】There followed St.Paul's Cathedral built after the terrible fire of London in 1666.接着参观的是圣保罗大教堂,它是 1666 年在可怕的伦敦大火以后建造的。 【句法分析】 there,here,down,up,away,out,in,off 等都是表示地点或方向性的副词,放在 句首并且主语是名词时, 句子使用完全倒装; 如果放在句首而主语是代词, 句子用部分倒装; 如果不放在句首,句子不使用倒装结构。 【例句研读】 (1)There stands a temple on the top of the mountain. 山顶上有座庙。 (2)The door opened and out rushed the children. 门开了,孩子们跑了出去。 【即时巩固】 (1)__________a tree in front of the house. 房子前面有一棵树。 (2)_________a great thinker in Greece. 希腊曾有一位伟大的思想家。 (3)—Is everyone here? —Not yet...Look,there the rest of our guests!

【答案】 (1)There stands(2)There lived(3)come 考点 5 状语从句的省略 【教材原句】It looked splendid when first built!刚建成的时候,它看起来真是金碧 辉煌! 【句法分析】 句中的 when first built 是 when it was first built 的省略形式。状语从句中,如果从 句主语和主句的主语一致,同时谓语动词含有系动词 be 或 it is/was 结构,可省去该从句

22

的主语和系动词 be。 【例句研读】 (1)When asked where she was from,the little girl was only crying,saying nothing. 当被问到她是哪里人时,这个小女孩只是哭,什么也不说。 (2)Be careful when crossing the street.过街时要当心。 【即时巩固】 (1)When for his views about his teaching job,Philip said he found it

very interesting and rewarding. 当被问及他对教学工作的看法时,菲利普说他觉得教学 很有趣,并且非常值得。 (2)When (offer)help,one often says“Thank you.”or “It's kind of you.”

当被提供帮助的时候,人们常说“谢谢”。 (3)Generally speaking,when has no side effect. 一般地说,当人们按照说明吃这种药,它不会有副作用。 【答案】 (1)asked(2)offered(3)taken (take)according to the directions,the drug

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