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牛津高中英语模块七unit1


Unit 1 Living with technology

Language Points

1. keep in touch with 与……保持联系 With mobile phones, we can keep in touch with others wherever we are. Keep/stay in touch wi

th :强调状态 Keep in contact with Remember to keep in contact with me by phone. get in touch with:强调动作

2. Drawback:缺点,劣势,不利条件 However, his system was very primitive and had many drawbacks. 同意替换: Disadvantage: weakness, defect, drawback, negative aspect, fault不利,缺点,缺陷 Advantage: virtue, merit, benefit, positive aspect, strength, 好处,优点,长处 高考题: ____some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. A. Whether B. What C. That D. How

3. Delay: v.(使)推迟,延迟 Regular colour TV broadcasts were delayed in the UK until 1967. n.延迟,拖延; 耽搁; 被耽搁或推迟的时间 But the delay is excusable. 高考题(09福建29) : The World Health Organization gave a warning to the public without any __ when the virus of H1N1 hit Mexico in April, 2009. A. delay B. effort C. schedule D. consideration

4. Accessible: They also make TV accessible to people who live far away from cities… a. 地点、人等易接近的,容易到达的 His house is not~ by car. b. 从…容易到达的(+from) The store is easily ~ from our house. c. 容易了解的,容易取得的(+to) a book ~ to the common reader

高考题(09江西32):

Frank put the mediocre in the top drawer to make sure it would not be_______ to the kids. A. accessible B. relative C.acceptable D.sensitive

5. Percentage:百分率,百分比 a small percentage of people 词义辨析:percentage v. s percent a. The percentage of +sth+ is… 1.The percentage of the students is 46. 2.The percentage of the water is 46. b. 数词+percent+of+sth;这时后面谓语的单复数以percent后面跟的主语为 主,例如: 1.2 percent of the apples(这里是复数的可数名词) are(所以用复数) eaten. 2.2 percent of the apple(这里是单数,指的是一个苹果的一部分) is(用单数 ) eaten. 3.2 percent of the water(这里是不可数名词) is(单数) drunk.

The percentage of the young men who can speak English ________ to around 60 percent. A. is going to raise B. are going to be raise C. are going to rise D. is going to rise

6. Wind:v 上发条;蜿蜒,迂回 Wind- wound- wound Tom wound his clock before he went to bed. 汤姆 睡觉之前给钟上发条. The stream winds through the village. 小溪蜿蜒曲折流过村庄。 Wind up :to wind up a toy car 给玩具汽车上发条

7. distribute: v. 分发,分销 Students shouted slogans and distributed leaflets. 学生们高呼口号,散发传单。 We didn't understand how difficult it was to distribute a national paper. 我们不明白配销一份全国性的报纸有多么困难。

The invention of paper meant more people could be educated because more books could be printed and___. A. distributed B. divided C. spread D. scattered

8. Benefit from:得益于 If you have children, remember that they benefit from downtime during the week as well. 假如你有孩子,记得也要让他们从这周末的时间里感受到快 乐。 Benefit by (强调以某种方式) Chances are, no matter what type of business you are running or involved with, it would benefit by cold calling. 不管你经营的是何种类型或牵涉到何种类型的生意,陌生拜 访都会带来利益,这就是机会。

9. vote: n. 选票,选举,选举权 Lose the vote 落选 Before that, women did not have a vote at all. 在那之前,妇女根本就没有选举权。 v. I vote that we all go to Houston immediately. 我建议我们都马上去休斯敦。 Vote on sth Vote for/against

10. value: n.价值,重要性 The value of this work experience should not be underestimated. 这项工作经验的重要性不应该被低估。 This weekend course will be of value to everyone interested in the Pilgrim Route. 这个周末课程对于每一个对朝圣路线感兴趣的人来说 都将是重要的。 Values :价值观念 The countries of South Asia also share many common values. 南亚各国也有许多共同的价值观念。

v. a. Value (doing) sth重视,珍视 I value the opinion of my husband and we agree on most things. 我重视我丈夫的意见,而且我们在大多数事情上看法 一致。 b. 为…估价 The school board valued the property at $130,000. 这所学校的董事会将这项财产估价为$130000。

11. oppose: oppose sth/sb He should not oppose you. oppose sth against sth. 用…来反对… Don’t oppose your will against mine. 别用你的意 志和我对抗。

be opposed to 强烈地反对… She is opposed to your going abroad. 她非常反 对

oppose v.s object object to sth;object to doing sth Do you object to smoking? 你反对抽烟吗? object against He tried to object against me for the position, but in vain. 他竭力反对我获取那个职位 ,但没有成功。 oppose 为常用词, 指“对某人、某事采取积极行 动来反对”, 着重动作,尤指“反对一种观念、思想 、计划等”; object 常指“用言论或论据等表示 反对”, 着重“个人嫌厌”和“(由于与个人有关 因此)提出反对意见”

12. Average:n/adj/v V: 平均为 We averaged 42 miles per hour. 我们平均时速为42英里。 We average 8 hours (work) a day. 跟读 我们每天平均工作8小时。

on average平均;普通,通常

13. Sacrifice: n. 祭品;舍弃,牺牲 ...animal sacrifices to the gods. …献给众神的动物祭品。 He was endowed with the spirit of selfsacrifice. 他富有自我牺牲精神。 v. 舍弃,牺牲,献出 She sacrificed family life to her career. 她为了她的事业牺牲了家庭生活。

(2013年高考英语湖北卷) 23. While intelligent people can often ______ the complex, a fool is more likely to complicate the simple. A. sacrifice B. substitute C. simplify D. survive

14. Rid of:除去,摆脱 rid oneself of something 摆脱 rid society of inequality 消除社会不平等 Get rid of Get rid of the distractions around you. 除去周围分散你注意力的事物。

Not until 语法点 强调句型

1.强调句型的基本结构 造句:我们昨天一起去电影院看了“星际穿越”。 ①陈述句的强调结构 Ⅰ.It is(was)+ 被强调部分+ that(强调部分是人时也可用who/whom) +其他成分 Ⅱ.句型练习: It was()that /who watched Interstellar in the cinema yesterday. 强调主语 It was() that we watched in the cinema yesterday. 强调宾语 It was()that we watched Interstellar yesterday. 强调地状 It was()that we watched Interstellar in the cinema yesterday. 强调时状 →强调句型判断标志:去框完整。

“5 Tips”

1)句首词用”It”; 2)Be 动词形式是is 或was,不能用复数形式are或were,具体情况根据时态 选择。 3)被强调部分如果为代词,强调主语用主格,强调宾语用宾格。如: It is him that/who/whom I have a crush on. It is I that/who am wrong. 4)连接词一般用that,当强调部分是人时,既可用that也可用who. 特别注意当强调部分是时间状语或地点状语时,依然用连接词that,不能用 when或where. e.g. It was in the garden he proposed to Anne. A. that B. what C. which D. when 5)主谓一致问题。被强调的主语要和that后面的谓语动词在数上保持一 致。 It is Mary who often_____( help) me with my English. It is I that ____(be)against you. It was neither you nor he that___(be) to blame for the mistake.

【2008年全国卷2】 20. It was in New Zealand ___ Elizabeth first met Mr. Smith. A. that B. how C. which D. when 【2007年重庆卷】 27. It is not who is right but what is right ______ is of importance. A. which B. it C. that D. this

②疑问句的强调结构 Ⅰ.一般疑问句基本结构: Is/Was+ it +被强调部分+that+句子其他部分(陈述语序) 简单答语:Yes, it is/was.或No, it isn’t/wasn’t. 句型练习: E.g. We watched Interstellar in the cinema yesterday. 主 宾 地状 时状 Was it _ _that you watched in the cinema yesterday? Was it _ _ that you watched Interstellar yesterday?

高考真题: 【2012年上海卷】 37. — Was it by cutting down staff _ _she saved the firm? — No, it was by improving work efficiency. A. when B. what C. how D. that 【2011年四川卷】 15. Was it on a lonely island the boat went down? A. where B. that C. which

he was saved one month after
D. what

Ⅱ.特殊疑问句的强调结构(了解即可): 特殊疑问词+is/was+ it+ that+句子其他成分(陈述语序) 句型练习: E.g. We watched Interstellar in the cinema yesterday. 主 宾 地状 时状 What was it that you watched in the cinema yesterday? (强调特殊疑问词what)

2. 强调句与定语从句的区别

去框不完整 还原法 去框

定从

完整

强调句型

e.g:

It was 11.28. _______ Gao yuanyuan held her wedding.
It was on 11.28. _______ Gao yuanyuan held her wedding.

高考真题: 【2014· 福建卷】 It was the culture, rather than the language, ________made it hard for him to adapt to the new environment abroad. A.where B.why C.that D.what 【2011年重庆卷】 32.—Have you seen the film Under the Hawthorn Tree? — Of course, I have. It was in our village it was made. A. that B. where C. when D. which

【2007年山东卷】 30.---Where did you get to know her? ---It was on the farm we worked. A.that B.there C.which D.Where --“Where did you find the professor who made the speech yesterday?” --“It was in the hall ______ the students often have a meeting.” A. where B. which C. that D. when

3.”not until” 结构的强调 ①基本结构: It+ is/was+ not until+ 被强调部分+that+句子其他成分 注意: Ⅰ.强调该结构时, not until 不能分开; Ⅱ.that后面的句子要用肯定式。 ②句型练习: We watched Interstellar in the cinema yesterday. We did not watch Interstellar in the cinema until yesterday. It was not until yesterday that we watched Interstellar in the cinema.

Tips:转换三部曲 Ⅰ.提取被强调部分:not until 引导的时间状语; Ⅱ.代入并选取模型:It is/was…that; Ⅲ.将句子剩余部分还原接在that后面。

强化练习: Tom did not turn on TV until his parents left. We did not get off the bus until it stopped.
He did not cry out until his mother came.

③高考真题: 【2013高考英语天津卷】 It was not until near the end of the letter ______ she mentioned her own plan. A. that B. where C. why D. when 【2012年湖南卷】 30. It was not until I came here _____I realized this place was famous for not only its beauty but also its weather. A. who B. that C. when D. where 【2008年重庆卷】 22. It was not until mid-night they reached the camp site. A. that B. when C. while D. as

Homework: 1.Unit 1&2, 单词词组背诵,下周quiz 2.整理笔记,梳理强调句型知识点 3.整理错题集

THANKS


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