2015 届湖南省长沙市长郡中学等十三校高三第二次联考英语试题 总分：150 分 时量：120 分钟 Part I Listening Comprehension (30 marks) Section A (22. 5 marks) Directions In this section., you will hear six conversation,s between, two
speakers. For each con,versation , there are several questions and each question is followed by three choices marked A, B and C. Listen carefully and then choose the best answer for each question . You will hear each con,versation TWICE. Example When will the magazine probably arrive? A. Wednesday. B. Thursday. C. Friday. The answer is B. Conversation, 1 1. What is beside the computer center? A. The sports center. B. The library. C. The classroom building. 2. Where will the speakers go next? A. To the sports center. B. To the library. C. To the computer center. Conversation, 2 3. What does the man think of the movie? A. Amazing. B. Disappointing. C. Moving. 4. What made the woman confused about the movie? A. The plot. B. The special effects. C. The scenery. Conversation, 3 5. What prevented the woman's car from starting? A. The faulty engine. B. The lack of petrol. C. The dead battery. 6. What will the woman o? A. Get some petrol. B. Buy a new car. C. Return her battery. Conversation, 4 7. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Sending Steven to school. B. Working on night shift. C. Looking after Steven. 8. Who should plan Steven's future in the woman's opinion?
A. The father. B. Steven himself. C. The mother. 9. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The couple has much spare time. B. The couple has to work. C. The husband will be free in the daytime. Conversation, 5 10. What is the probable relationship between the two speakers? A. Customer and waiter. B. Boss and employee. C. Interviewer and interviewee. 11. Why does the woman want to leave her present company? A. The company isn't doing well. B. She hasn't had a promotion. C. She can't display her abilities there. 12. When can the woman start her new job? A. At once. B. In about a month. C. In about a week. Conversation, 6 13. Why has the woman gone to Prague? A. To go sightseeing. B. To see a friend. C. To attend a conference. 14. How long does it take from the hotel to the conference center by bus? A. 6 minutes. B. 5 minutes. C. 15 minutes. 15. What can we learn from the conversation? A. The subway fare depends on the distance. B. It is easy to get lost at the subway station. C. There isn't a subway station near the conference center. Section B (7.5 marks) Directions In this section , you will hear a short passage . Listen carefully and then fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard . Fill in each blank with NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS. You will hear the short passage TWICE.
Part II Language Knowledge (45 marks) Section A (15 marks) Directions For each of the following unfinished sentences there are four choices
marked A, B, C an,d D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence . 21. A journal is not necessarily a reliable record of facts, for the writer's impressions colour the telling of events. A. shall B. might C. should D. must 22. There are eight tips in Dr. Roger's lecture on sleep, and one of them is to bed early unless you think it is necessary. A. doesn't go B. not to go C. don't go D. not going 23. -Hi, Lucy! What's the schedule for tomorrow? -Let me check. You an appointment with Thomas at three o'clock. A. were having B. have C. had D. have had 24. It is not your grades but the attitude to your course matters. A. that B. one C. what D. it 25. As many as 20 dishes are provided in the dining hall today, and you are free to choose suits you best. A. whatever B. whenever C. whichever D. wherever 26. Many of the only children are so accustomed to that they react violently when they hear something different. A. having praised B. praised C. praising D. being praised 27. Tom may win the competition, he is likely to get into the national team. A. in that case B. in which case C. in what case D. in whose case 28. Arriving at the party hurriedly, we were disappointed to find that the band playing. A. stopped B. will stop C. had stopped D. has stopped 29. Every morning Jack's wife will stand before the mirror, herself before leaving home. A. admired B. being admired C. to admire D. admiring 30. -Do I have to bring my camera tomorrow afternoon? -I think so. We the Botanical Garden then. A. are visiting B. will be visiting C. have visited D. visit 31. Tired of her endless complaints, I walked out of the room she could open her mouth. A. before B. until C. when D. once 32. The boy, with his school work every day, felt rather tired and uncomfortable. A. occupied B. occupying C. to occupy D. being occupied
33. The captain as well as his team interviewed shortly after they won the gold medal. A. are B. was C. is D. were 34. The world today different without the amazing discoveries produced by great scientists. A. were B. had been C. would have been D. would be 35. -Where can we get Mo Yan's new novel? -I'm sorry, it and will come out next week. A. has been printed B. will be printed C. is being printed D. is printed Section B (18 marks) Directions For each blank in, the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context . I lost my sight when I was four years old when falling off a train to Atlantic City. But I was 36 . My parents and my teachers saw something in me -a potential to live, you might call it -which I didn't see, and they encouraged me to _ 37 blindness. The hardest lesson I had to 38 was to believe in myself. If I hadn't been able to do that, I would have walked with a stick for the rest of my life. When I say belief in myself I am not 39_ talking about the kind of self-confidence that helps me down an 40 staircase alone. That is part of it. But I mean something bigger than that. Although imperfect in some aspect, I am a real, positive person. There is a special place where I can make myself fit. It took me years to discover and 41 this self-confidence. It had to start with the most basic things. Once a man gave me an indoor baseball. I thought he was making fun of me and I was 42 . "I can't use this," I responded. "Take it with you," he urged me, "and roll it around. " The words stuck in my head. "Roll it around! " By rolling the ball I could 43 where it went. This gave me an 44 how to achieve a goal I had thought impossible playing baseball. At Philadelphia's Overbrook School for the Blind I invented a new kind of baseball. We called it ground ball. All my life I have set ahead of me a series of goals and then tried t0 45 them one by one. I also knew my limitations. It was no good trying something that I knew at the start was wildly out of reach because that only 46 the bitterness of failure. I would fail sometimes anyway but on the average I made 47 . 36. A. unfortunate B. disappointed C. lucky D. ashamed 37. A. share with B. play with C. toy with D. fight with 38. A. meet B. learn C. avoid D. prepare 39. A. simply B. slightly C. frequently D. directly 40. A. unusual B. unfair C. unfamiliar D. uncomfortable 41. A. lengthen B. strengthen C. deepen D. widen
42. A. hurt B. amused C. greeted D. praised 43. A. find B. see C. smell D. hear 44. A. event B. offer C. idea D. excuse 45. A. receive B. achieve C. classify D. follow 46. A. refused B. removed C. caused D. replaced 47. A. sense B. mistakes C. friends D. progress Section C (12 marks) Directions Complete the following passage by filling in each blank with one word that bestfit the context. Have you ever noticed this phenomenon? Sometimes Chinese English teachers are puzzled by such questions, "Could you please give me some advice 48 how to improve my reading comprehension?" Actually, many of the teachers can't give their students 49 effective way to deal with reading. Anyway, they often simply say, "Read 50 and practise more, and you will get more experience in reading comprehension. " Frankly, these teachers' good suggestions are only helpful to arouse (激起) students' interest in reading 51 not helpful to deal with the questions in the examinations of reading comprehension. Personally, 52 think the skill for reading comprehension should be based on the knowledge of English writing. 53 the English passages are written under some rules or principles, the science of reading and understanding may have a close relationship with writing. Reading comprehension can't be independent 54 the knowledge of writing. So to do better in reading comprehension 55 ever, we should learn the knowledge of writing, study how questions are designed and the relationship between questions and the reading materials. Part III Reading Comprehension (30 marks) Directions Read the Following three passages. Each passage is jollowed by several questions or unfin,ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A , B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the injormation given in the passage . A Over the last 30 years, Bangkok, once a small fishing village, has transformed into a rich, concrete, high-rise city that it is today. The spreading metropolis and its population of 12 million now produces 35 per cent of Thailand's economic wealth. As a magnet for foreign companies, Bangkok attracts many overseas managers and business people from different fields, including tourism, automobiles and electronics. The city's population of foreigners is in the high hundreds of thousands, with tens of thousands of Japanese, Chinese and western employees working alongside hundreds of thousands of Burmese who mostly do unskilled jobs shunned by Thais. For those used to the good life, the variety and quality of the city's food is a key attraction, says one US manager, before listing many of his favourite Italian, Mexican and, of course, Thai restaurants. Most offer quality meals for less than the cost of a takeaway sandwich in London. Great choice and value can be found in Bangkok's other attractions, too. For overseas business people who enjoy shopping in luxury and air-conditioned comfort, the
city has hundreds of modern shopping malls. Some foreigners, however, prefer the charms of Chatuchak Market, where anything can be bought at a good price by the skilled bargainer. When the time comes to talk business many overseas business people prefer to move out of the markets and onto the golf course. Thailand has thousands of courses, which can provide a welcome break from the busy and noisy city life. But most business people go to the golf course because it's the perfect place to discuss the next big deal. Because of the fast-paced life some foreign business people see Bangkok as a place to stay for the short term, rather than a lifetime. Australian computer software designer Sarah Huang is seven months pregnant but still working full-time in her Bangkok office. She says the city is "definitely a place I want to stay for the next five, ten years". Nannies and home help are affordable, but high fees for quality secondary education have convinced Ms. Huang to return to Australia when her child reaches high school age. 56. According to the first two paragraphs, we know that A. Bangkok offers many working opportunities for people B. Bangkok has always been a rich Thai city C. most foreigners coming to Bangkok are tourists D. Burmese in Bangkok mostly work for Thais 57. The underlined word "shunned" in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to _ A. forgotten B. unwanted C. appreciated D. rewarded 58. What is the main attraction of golf for business people according to the passage? A. It is the most convenient way for them to get regular exercise. B. It is a good place in which to discuss business matters. C. It is a great way to escape from the noise and pollution of the city. D. It gives them the opportunity to meet local people in a social setting. 59. Sarah Huang says she'll eventually leave Bangkok because A. she is going to have a baby B. her working hours are too long C. it's not easy to find suitable home help there D. the cost of a good education there is too high 60. The main purpose of the passage is to A. explain the reasons for Bangkok's rapid economic growth over the past 30 years B. promote the many attractions Bangkok has to offer tourists visiting the city C. describe the attractions of living in Bangkok for foreign business people D. compare the lifestyles of Burmese workers and foreign business people in Bangkok B A woman renewing her driver's license at the County Clerk's office was asked to state her occupation. She hesitated, uncertain how to classify herself. "What I mean is," explained the recorder, "do you have a job, or are you just a. . . " "Of course I have a job," said Emily. "I'm a mother."
"We don't list imother' as an occupation... ihousewife' covers it," said the recorder. One day I found myself in the same situation. The clerk was obviously a career woman, confident and possessed of a high sounding title. "What is your occupation?" she asked. The words simply came out. "I'm a Research Associate in the field of Child Development and Human Relations. " The clerk paused, ballpoint pen frozen in mid-air. I repeated the title slowly, and then I stared with wonder as my statement was written in bold, black ink on the official questionnaire. "Might I ask," said the clerk with new interest, "just what you do in this field?" Coolly, without any trace of panic in my voice, I heard myself reply, "I have a continuing program of research (what mother doesn't), in the lab and in the field (normally I would have said indoors and out). Of course, the job is one of the most demanding in the humanities (any mother disagrees?) , and I often work 14 hours a day (24 is more like it) . But the job is more challenging than most careers and rewards are more of a satisfaction rather than just money. " There was an increasing note of respect in the clerk's voice as she completed the form, stood up, and showed me out. As I drove into our driveway, feeling happier by my attractive and exciting new career, I was greeted by my lab assistants-aged 13, 7 and 3. Upstairs I could hear our new experimental model (a 6-month-old baby), in the child-development program, testing out a new vocal pattern. I felt proud! I had gone on the official records as someone more distinguished and essential to mankind than "just another mother". Motherhood... What a glorious career! Especially when there's a title on the door. 61. What can we infer from the conversation between the woman and the recorder at the beginning of the passage? A. The woman felt ashamed to admit what her job was. B. The recorder was impatient and rude. C. Motherhood was not recognized and respected as a job by society. D. The author was upset about the situation that mothers faced. 62. How did the female clerk feel at first when the author told her occupation? A. Puzzled. B. Curious. C. Upset. D. Frightened. 63. How did the author feel when describing her job to the clerk? A. Angry. B. Calm. C. Unconfident. D. Annoyed. 64. Why did the woman clerk show more respect for the author? A. Because the author cared little about rewards. B. Because she admired the author's research work in the lab. C. Because the author did something she had little knowledge of. D. Because she thought the author did admirable work.
65. What is the author's purpose of writing the passage? A. To show that motherhood is a worthy career and deserves respect. B. To show how you describe your job affects your feelings toward it. C. To show that the author had a grander job than Emily. D. To show that being a mother is hard and boring work. C Texting pedestrians aren' t just an annoyance to their fellow walkers, but something dangerous to themselves. "I was checking emails while walking to work this morning," said Wolbert van den Hoorn. "But it has a serious influence on the safety of people who type or read text while walking. " Anecdotes back him up. A tourist from Taiwan walked off a port near Melbourne last month while checking Facebook-bringing an abrupt, and icy end to a penguinwatching visit. Another shopper in the U.S. was too addicted to his mobile phone to notice the fountain ahead, walking straight into it. And as mobile-phone use has grown-to about 77% of the world's population, the study says-so has the number of phone-related accidents. The number of U. S. emergency-room visits linked to phone use on the move doubled to as many as l,500 between 2005 and 2010, an Ohio State University study recently showed. Authorities world-wide have taken note. Signs on Hong Kong's subway system advise passengers in three languages to keep their eyes off their phones. Police and transport authorities have also warned the danger in Singapore, where the Straits Times newspaper ranked it as "No.2 Bad Habit", due to the rising number of road deaths. Some U.S. states, including New York and Arkansas, are even considering bans on this act. The Australian study used 26 volunteers, a third of whom admitted having hit objects while texting. They were fitted with different equipment in different parts of their body, and asked to walk 8.5 meters three times-once without a phone, once while reading a text and once while writing a text-while eight cameras captured the action. Volunteers using the phone walked slower and with shorter steps (and slowest of all when typing), and, more seriously, they locked their arms and elbows in-like "robots", in the researchers' words. That forced their heads to move more, throwing them off balance. "In a pedestrian environment, inability to maintain a straight path would be likely to increase potential for hits, falls and traffic accidents," said Mr. van den Hoorn. "The best thing to do is to step aside and stop, or keep off the phone." 66. Which of the following about "Texting pedestrians" is WRONG? A. People who type while walking. B. People who phone while walking. C. People who text while walking. D. People who read text message while walking. 67. The writer uses the two examples in Paragraph 3 to show A. the advantages of mobile phones
B. the use of mobile phones in water C. the use of mobile phones in a wrong way D. the popularity of mobile phones 68. What is New York and Arkansas' attitude to texting pedestrians? A. Considering forbidding their acts. B. Ranking it as "No.l Bad Habit". C. Setting up signs to warn them. D. Equipping them with advanced machines. 69. Why are texting pedestrians likely to hit or fall according to the passage? A. They walk too fast. B. They lock their arms and elbows. C. They are out of balance. D. They walk with longer steps. 70. What is the best title for the passage? A. Text message or e-mail only? B. Ways to avoid falls C. Mobile phones for entertainment D. Safety or text message? Part IV Writing (45 marks) Section A (10 marks) Directions Read the following passage. Fill in, the numbered blanks by using the information, from the passage. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS jor each answer . Unlike in our country, violence against women is very obvious in some western and African countries. The basic cause of it lies in discrimination, which claims women inequality with men in all aspects of life. Violence is both origin in discrimination and serves to worsen discrimination. Violence against women is a sign of historically unequal status of women compared to men, which has resulted into domination (控制,主宰) and discrimination against women by men and to the prevention of the full development of women. Violence against women is one of the important social means by which women are restricted into a secondary position in comparison with men. As violence against women is spread worldwide, many women are targets because of their ethnic group, class, sex or disability status. Many women think that the psychological consequences of abuse are even more dangerous than its physical effects. The experience of abuse often shakes women's selfrespect and puts them at great risk of a number of mental health problems, such as Depression is becoming broadly recognized as a main health problem in the world. Women who are abused by their partners suffer more depression and anxiety than women who have not been abused, according to studies in Australia, Nicaragua, Pakistan, and the US. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a strong anxiety disorder that can happen when people go through or witness a very unpleasant event in which they feel disappointed and helpless or fear death or injury. The symptoms of PTSD contain
mentally reliving the upsetting event by means of flashbacks (闪回,倒叙) ; avoiding anything that would remind one of the events; experiencing discomfort in sleeping and concentrating; and being easily alarmed or frightened. The severe violence is also likely to lead to suicide. Some women kill themselves or try to do so. Researches from some countries, including Sweden, and the US, have showed that domestic violence is closely connected with suicide. Abused women who have PTSD symptoms prove to be most likely to try suicide. Abused women are more likely than other women to misuse alcohol and drugs. When a person' s everyday life functioning or life alternatives continue to be influenced, a post-traumatic stress disorder may be the problem, requiring professional treatment. Title 71 I . 72 0f historically unequal status Domination and discrimination from men , s leading position and preventing 73 II. 74 women's self-respect shake and 76 , a main health problem Post-traumatic stress disorder, a strong 77 conditions. One of its symptoms is mentally reliving 79 78 by means of flashbacks. , happens under certain 75 Occur.
, especially for women with PTSD symptoms
Alcohol and drug misuse III. 80 Professional treatment Section B (10 marks) Directions Read the jollowing passage. Answer the questions according to the injormation given in the passage . With the right encouragement and tools, children can develop leadership qualities that are important to help them succeed in all areas of life. Leadership activities and games help build these skills by enabling children to become more self-aware and improve their self-respect. Good leaders can convey their thoughts and feelings effectively. Poetry, short stories or drawing are ideal activities to introduce children to the concept of leadership. Ask children to think about what makes a great leader and then express their ideas. Games like blind obstacle courses can build communication skills as well. Planning and organizing is a fundamental leadership quality. Children can learn this skill by helping to plan a concert or play. Instead of assigning just one leader, divide the group into several small ones and assign leaders to each group. One group
can be in charge of assigning roles and the second could be in charge of making invitations. How you distribute leadership roles will vary depending on the age of the children and what you have chosen to perform. Compromise is a skill of many effective leaders. Goals are obtained faster when arguments don't slow the process. Activities that teach children the art of compromise help them to negotiate with friends and family naturally. Group science projects, for example, can help enable children to learn how to compromise and negotiate. The success or failure of the project will depend on the children's ability to negotiate and work together. The ability to work well with others is another important leadership skill. Team sports like baseball can teach children how to work as a group and that their contribution is important to the overall success of the team. This builds their confidence and encourages them to think beyond themselves and their individual needs. 81. What activities can be used to introduce children to the concept of leadership? (No more than 5 words) (2 marks) 82. How can children learn an important leadership quality according to Paragraph 3? (No more than 8 words) (2 marks) 83. What is the principle of distributing leadership roles when planning a play? (No more than 8 words) (3 marks) 84. What's the main idea of Paragraph 4? (No more than 8 words)(3 marks) Section C(25 marks) DirectionsWrite an English composition accordin,g to the instructions given, below in Chinese． 请先阅读下面的寓言(fable)。 A peacock（孔雀）was very unhappy with her ugly voice, so she spent most of her days complaining about it. “It is true that you cannot sing," said the fox, "but look how beautiful you are!" “Oh, but what good is all this beauty," cried the bird, "with such an unpleasant voice!” “Listen," said the fox, "each one owns something good you have such beauty; the nightingale（夜莺）has her songs; and the owl<猫头鹰）has his eyes. Even if you had a sweet voice, you would still complain about another thing. Why can't you just be happy about what you have already got?"