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B4M6-1 单词讲解


1.monster

B4M6 NEW WORDS

hairy 2. hair n. _____ 3. attack n. v.

frightening a __________ __________ monster/creature

1.她上学迟到了,她说是因为她在 袭击 上学路上遇到了怪兽的

袭击。 late She came__________ for school. She said that she had_______ been ________ attacked by a ____________ frightening __________. creature

attack vt. to use violence against someone

(用attack, do, claim填空)
attacked and 1) The US embassy in Lybia was ____________
the ambassador大使 was killed. Till now nobody

claimed to _____________ have done that. has _________
n. 心脏病 遭受袭击

a heart attack ____________________

be under attack ____________________

发动了对------的袭击 launch/ ___________________ make an attack on…

2) 战士们在日落时对敌人发起了攻击.
launched an attack upon the enemy The soldiers________________________________ ___________. at sunset

害怕 4. fright n. _________

frighten v. __________

frightening adj.__________ frightened adj.__________

用fright的相关词填空 frightening 1.When she saw the _________ spider, she felt ____________. frightened There is a ____________ frightened expression on her face. 2. --- Why do you have a frightened look? ___________ --- Because you almost 谓语动词 frightened me out of life by your _________ _________ frighteningmask.

n. __________ existence 存在,生活,存在物 5.exist vi. come into existence/ being 产生 ____________________ ____________________ 有…存在 There exists… ____________________ 现存的 in existence Eg.1 1999 年9月公司成立于中关村。 The company ________________________ at came into existence Zhongguancun in September, 1999. 2. 山顶上有一个湖。 There exists a lake on ____________ the top of the mountain. 3.某人哲人认为,存在即 合理。According to a philosopher, everything ______________ is reasonable. in existence

6.claw footprints of cats 7. sharp nails of a monster

her long nails

8. journal

journalist = reporter 9. myth n. [m?θ]神话; 奇人,奇事; 虚构的人/事

mystery n. [?m?st?ri] 谜; 常作 mysteries 秘技秘诀
mysterious [m??st?ri?s]难以理解的,不可思议的 adj.

声称,索取 vt. ___________ 要求,索赔 n. ___________ Eg.1 Now several southeastern Asian countries are claiming the South China Sea islands. 10. claim

2.None of the passengers claimed the suitcase.
claim that… claim to be claim to have done It’s claimed that… have a claim on sb. make a claim for sth.

claimed 认领

声称… _________________ 声称是… _________________ 声称做过… _________________ 据说… __________________
__________________ 向…提出…样的要求 __________________ 提出什么样的要求,索赔

Practice claim to Eg.1They _____________struggle for freedom. 2.The lawyer ________ claimed that the defendant was [d??fend?nt]原告 not guilty. [?g?lti] 有罪的 exploited 3.___________( It’s claimed 据说) the fox has _______________ (利用)the tiger to ________ frighten (吓唬)other animals. make a claim for 4.They _____________________ higher pay.

C unfairly when shopping in 5. He claimed ___ the shop yesterday. A. to treat B. to be treated C. to have been treated D. being treated

11.calm adj.(1) (of the sea) without large waves ; still (2) not excited, nervous; vt. (cause sb. to) become calm calm Eg. 1.The surface of the sea is ___________. 2.Have a blandy--- it will help to calm you down ______________

calm 天气无风,海面无浪,心情平静 quiet 人的生性平静,环境无干扰 still 姿势不动,无运动 情景导学P64-5 silent 沉默的,字母不发音的 1. They moved to the countryside and lived a quiet life. ______ still while I am taking a photo of 2. Keep ______ you. silent 3. She is a shy girl and always keeps ________ in class. 4. Although she was frightened, she answered in a _______ calm voice.

12. skeptical adj. 怀疑的 doubtful sceptical / skeptical adj. = _______________ 对…感到怀疑 _______________________ be sceptical about/of

sceptical about/of Eg.1) Many scientists are_________________ the existence of monsters _______________________. (妖怪的存在).
sceptical 2) I was ____________ about what you said just now ___________________ (你说的话 ).

13. (un)likely adj. (不) 可能 a ___________place for him to visit likely ____________results of the purchase of the Diaoyu Islands likely

Sth./sb. is (un)likely to do/have done It’s (un)likely that--the competition Eg. 1) My friend is likely to win ____________________. have won the competition ______________________. 2) An accident is likely to happen if ____________ the driver is ______________. too tired an accident will happen to a tired 3) It’s likely that _____________________________. driver ( One minute for you to make sentences with your own words.)

It’s (un)likely that--It’s possible/probable that… It’s likely /probable/possible for sb. to do sth. Sth./sb. is (un)likely to do/have done
中国政府很可能马上采取措施应对钓鱼岛问题。

likely/possible/probable that our government It’s _____________________ will take some measures to deal with the issue of the Diaoyu Islands The Chinese government is likely ______ to take … It’s _________________________ for the Chinese possible/possible/ likely government to take …

14.cover v.
1) The forest covers an area of 5 square kilometers. 占地 2) The highway was covered with snow. 覆盖 3) She laughed to cover her fright. 掩饰 4) His reading covers a wide range of subjects. 涉及 5) Is the money enough to cover the expense of the travel? 足够支付 6) The BBC will cover all the major games of the tournament. 报道 7) We cover about 20 miles a day. 走完

15. adapt vt. 使…适应…、使…适合…;改编 adaptable [??d?pt?bl] adj. 适应性强的 _____________________

adaptation [??d?p?te??n] n. 改编本 _____________________ Eg.1 You must ______________________( adapt your speech to 使你的演讲 适合) the taste of the audience.
2) She quickly __________________ adapted herself to (使自己适应) the new surroundings.

adapted to (适应) the climate. 3) He hasn’t ____________ adapted 4) The hot TV play Legend of Miyue was __________ from the novel of the same name. ______ 翻译:大部分物种能适应( adapt to) 气候的变化,并且 不断地进化(evolve). adapt to climate change and Most species can ____________ evolve ______________constantly.

disappearance n. 16.disappear v. 消失______________ 火车消失在远方。 disappeared in the distance. The train____________
然而,至今科学家也没有弄清楚(throw light on) 恐龙在地球上突然消失( disappear) 的原因。 Up to now, however , the scientists can’t throw light on the reason ________the dinosaurs suddenly why ______________. disappeared

extinction 17.extinct adj. 灭绝的 ______________ n. 很多物种由于(due to) 气候的变化灭绝了(die out), 恐龙的灭绝(extinction)就是一个很好地例子。 The extinction _________of dinosaurs is a good example. died out ________the due to Many species __________ climate change.

18.die out 灭绝 灭绝; 风俗习惯逐渐消失 风俗习惯逐渐消失,熄灭 The dinosaurs have already______________. died out

Many traditional customs dying out are gradually ___________.

19.fierce
fiercely

发怒的狮子发出凶猛的吼叫。 An angry lion has a fierce ____________ roar.

destroy 20. (under) ______ destruction n. _____________ v. destructive adj _____________ 21.unpredictable adj. v. _________ adj.__________ predict predictable n. __________ prediction 现在人类仍在继续 破坏大自然,将来 会发生什么是不可 预知的. =is still under destruction is still being destroyed Nowadays, nature ____________________by human beings. What will happen in the future unpredictable is________________ (predict).

adj.慷慨大方的 generosity [?d?en??r?s?ti] n. __________ be generous _____ 对人宽容大度 to sb. _____ with sth. (用钱等)大方 他在钱的方面总是对朋友很大方。 with He is always ___________ generous to his friends ______ money. 22.generous

23.reputation 好/坏名声 live up to reputation 不负名声 ___________________ win/earn a reputation 赢得声誉 ___________________ a reputation for/ as… 因为/作为…而出名 have ___________________ 1. China has got a good ___________ reputation for fighting against the flu with its careful and smooth organization. 2. The weather in London lives _________________ up to reputation its reputation.

24.positive adj. ----- negative adj.
positive attitude Eg. We should have a __________ towards life.

25. indicate

vt.表示,表明 n. 迹象,表明 ______________________ indication
indicate a rain 1) Black clouds ____________________soon. fright 2) His expression indicated his ____________. 3) The numbers _____________that the sale indicate has dropped sharply. she 4) She shook her head to indicate that ______

didn’t agree with me ___________________.

indications that the weather is 5)There are ___________________
changing.

B 1. There’s a great deal of evidence _____ that music activities engage different parts of the brain.

A. indicate

B. indicating

C. to indicate D. to be indicating
A the end of the period rang, _____ 2.The bell _____ our heated discussion.

A. indicating; interrupting B. indicated; interrupting C. indicating; indicated D. indicated; interrupted

后置定语

结果状语

26.identity n.

身份,特征

an identity card ________________

identify [a??dent?fa?] v. 确认,认出,说明身份 她认出了袭击她的人。 She was able to ________ identify her attacker.

27. due to sth. 由于… be due to do sth. 预计做
due to做表语 The accident was due to the careless driver. His success was due to his hard work. due to做状语 He succeeded due to his hard work. The accident happened due to the careless driver.

be due to do sth. 预计做
我预计今下午和他见面。 I ___________________________this afternoon. am due to meet him

Practice 1)His lateness was _______ due to the heavy traffic on the road. due to / owing to/ because of 2) He was late ___________________________ the heavy traffic. 3) --- Did you find out the time of the train to Chengdu? A. due --- Yes, the early train is __________ to leave at 5:00 a.m. A. due B. likely C. possible D.about

28. fortune

n. 幸运

fortunate --- un~ 幸运的 adj. _______________ fortunately – un~ 幸运地 adv. _______________ 相关短语 make a fortune 发财致富 _________________ try/ seek one’s fortune 碰运气 _________________ fortune teller 给某人算命 _________________ fortune teller 算命先生 _________________
Tom 总是运气好。去年他去上海碰运气,幸运地是,他 在那里发了财,并且遇到了他的女朋友并且结了婚。 fortunate Last year he went to Tom is often ____________. to try/ seek his fortune . ______________, Fortunately Shanghai ____________________ he __________________ and met and married his made a fortune girlfriend there.

翻译练习 1.他很快适应了这里的气候了。
Soon he adapted ( himself) to the climate here.

2.自从上世纪初这种怪物已经灭绝了。
This species of monster has died out since the beginning of the last century.

4.由于这场大雨他不可能来这里了。
He is unlikely to come here due to the heavy rain.

5.他声称见过这种已经绝迹了的怪物.
He claimed that he had seen the species of monster that had died out.


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