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高考英语任务型阅读七选五专题训练


【试卷总评】:本试卷基本上是按照《考试说明》编写的,七选五任务型阅读 理解是近几年高考推出的新题型,又称补全短文选。 即从一篇短文后的七个选项 中选出五个能填入文章空处的最佳选项。 此题型拓宽了阅读理解能力考察的深度 和广度, 不仅考察了考生句子层面的阅读理解能力,还考察了语篇层次上的阅读 理解能力,即考生的语感和语境领悟能力,把握作者思路的能力,以及对整个语 篇或语段的衔接手段

与连贯性的洞察力。本训练所选材料既注重了短文的体裁, 有注意了文章的内容,其试题关注社会生活,大部分试题注重能力考查。试题符 合学生的能力培养和提高。试题指向明确,答案清楚,考查的角度和知识需要学 生具备一定知识储备和思维能力,是一份选拔学生综合素质的好试题。 (原创:西凉工作室)

高考英语任务型阅读七选五专题训练(一)
(一) Laughing is essential to keep your stress levels under control ,it's not only necessary, but also essential to have a good sense of humor just to help us get through each and every day of our lives. 71 , as the saying goes, makes me feel good and warms my heart. How would you feel if you could not joke around with your wife, husband, child, co-worker neighbor, close friend, or even just someone that you are standing in line with at your comer store? I am always saying things that make others smile or laugh, even if I don't know the person I'm joking around with. 72 , even if it was the hardest job anyone could imagine. This not only relieves stress in any situation, but also is common courtesy (礼貌) to speak to others that are around you. I know of a few people that don?t have a funny bone in their bodies, as they say. Everyone around them could be rolling on the floor after hearing a great joke and they would sit there without the slightest smile on their face. They don't get the joke that makes others laugh. I am busting a gut while they just sit there, looking at me 73 . How can people not get a really funny joke? 74 . Without humor we would find ourselves with a lot of psychological problems, or on a lot of medications to keep us from going crazy. There is too much sadness in this present world. 75 . We all need to find a way to bypass the sadness and bring a little light into our lives. So, I believe our best medicine is to get together and tell some jokes and have some fun laughing together. A.It drives people crazy B. It drives people excited C. Putting a smile on someone's face when you know they are feeling down in the dumps D. With all the wars, fighting and sadness in the world today E. Laughing is essential to make your stress levels out of control

F. as if I were from outer space. G. My Grandma always found humor in everything she did 答案: 71 C 72 D 73 F 74 G 75 A (二) There are stories about two U.S . presidents,Andrew Jackson and Martin Van Buren,which attempt to explain the American English term OK.We don?t know if either story is true, 71 . The first explanation is based on the fact that President Jackson had very little education.In fact, 72 .When important papers came to Jackson,he tried to read them and then had his assistants explain what they said. If he approved of a paper. he would write “all correct” on it. The problem was that he didn?t know how to spell.So what he really wrote was “ol korekt”.After a while, 73 . ___ 7 4 _____ where President Van Buren was born , Kinderhook , New York.Van Bnren?s friends organized a club to help him become President They caned the club the Old Kinderhook Club,and 75 . A.he had difficulty reading and writing B. The second explanation is based on the place C. President Jackson wasn?t good at reading,writing or spelling D. but they are both interesting E. anyone who supported Van Buren was called “OK” F. the term??OK” was the name of Van Buren?s club G.he shortened that term to“OK” 答案:71 D 72 A 73 G 74 B 75 (三) Although the United States covers so much land and the land produces far more food than the present population needs, 71 less than a tenth of the people are engaged in agriculture and forestry(林业),and most of the rest live in or around towns, small and large. 72 : every small town may still be very like other small towns,and the typical small town may represent a widely accepted view of the country, 73 .Half the population now lives in some thirty metropolitan areas(1arge cities with their suburbs、 of more than a million people each—a larger proportion than in Germany or England,let alone France.The statistics(统计)of urban and rural population should be treated with caution 74 .As the rush to live out of town continues.rural areas within reach of towns are gradually filled with houses,so that it is hard to say at what moment a piece of country becomes a suburb 75 . A.because so many people who live in areas classified as rural travel by car to work in a nearby town each day B. its people are by now almost entirely an urban society

C. But more and more the typical American lives in a metropolitan rather than a small town environment. D. but most Americans do not live in small towns any more E. Because more and more Americans live in metropolitan areas F. Here the traditional picture is changing G. As the traditional picture is changing,towns are different. 答案:71 B 72 F 73 D 74 A 75. C (四) If we were asked exactly what we were doing a year ago,we should probably have to say that we could not remember. But if we had kept a book and had written in it an account of what we did each day, 71 . It is the same in history Many things have been forgotten 72 . Sometimes men did keep a record of the most important happenings in their country, but often it was destroyed by fire or in a war. Sometimes there was never any written record at all because the people of that time and place did not know how to Write.For example, ___73____, because they could write and leave written records for those who lived after them.But we know almost nothing about the people who lived even 200 years ago in central Africa. because they had not learned to write. Sometimes.of course, 74 .They have heard about it from older people,and often songs and dances and stories have been made about the most important happenings,and these have been sung and acted and told for many generations . For most people are proud to tell what their fathers did in the past. This we may call ?remembered history?. Some of it has now been written down. It is not so exact or so valuable to us as written history is, 75 . But where there are no written records,such spoken stories are often very helpful. A. A written account of our daily activities helps US to be able to answer many questions. B. we know a good deal about the people who lived in China 4,000 years ago C. because words are much more easily changed when used again and again in speech than when copied in writing D. we should be able to give an answer to the question E. because the people there ignored the importance of keeping a record F. because we do not have any written account of them

G. even if the people cannot write,they may know something of the past 答案:71 D 72 F 73 B 74 G 75 C (五) When Mrs.Joseph Groeger died recently in Vienna,Austria,people asked the obvious, “Why did she live to be 107?”Answers were provided by a survey conducted among 148 Viennese men and women who had reached the age of 100. 71 .In spite of the city?s image as an unhealthy place,city living often provides benefits that country living can lack. 72 . This factor is exercise. 73 .Even taking public transportation often requires some walking.Smaller apartment houses have no elevators(电梯),and so people must climb stairs. 74 since parking spaces are hard to find, there is often no alternative to walking. On the other hand,those who live in the country and suburbs do not have to walk every day.In fact, 75 .To go to school,work,or almost anywhere else,they must ride in cars. A. City people can usually walk to local supermarkets B. in the cities it is often faster to walk short distances than to wait for a bus C. People who live in the country probably never have parking problems D. One factor seems to be important to the longevity(长寿)of those interviewed E. it would probably be most healthful to find an alternative to walking

F. Somewhat surprising was the fact that the majority had lived most of their lives in cities G. the opposite is often true 答案:71 F 72 D 73 B 74 A.75 G (六) Hollywood movies are regularly filled with sex and violence. They can be exciting films but sometimes all you want is a little light-hearted entertainment. Have you heard of Bollywood? All singing, all dancing and unrealistic, it is the perfect alternative to normal Hollywood movies. Bollywood is the Indian film industry, based in Mumbai, formerly known as Bombay. 71 Yet Bollywood is the largest producer of films in the world. This year the Indian Filmgare Awards, Bollywood's Oscars, turn 50 years old. The typical Bollywood movie usually has the following ingredients: a cup of romance, a tea-spoon of comedy, a dash of international sight-seeing, served with a huge slice of singing and dancing. There will also be one brave hero, one beautiful heroine and one baddie. 72 . Bollywood films are full of ideal things and free of daily worries. 73

The actors change clothes and locations within a single song. But the audience don't mind. To Indian movie lovers, especially the poor, such films are a gateway to heaven and the stars are their gods. The films take them to a magical world away from their everyday troubles. The films tell them the impossible is possible and that true love conquers all. 74 Behind the beautiful scenes, Bollywood still emphasizes traditional family values. In most films, if two lovers want to break an arranged marriage, they can't just run away. They must win over their parents. Bollywood is a decent refreshing replacement for those over-stimulating Hollywood films. 75 They will take you to a brighter, cheerier and more colorful world, where it's still cool to dance around a tree and sing a love song. A.Bollywood has gradually won its reputation on the world stage. B.There is never any mention of politics, poverty or war. C.Most Chinese school kids have probably never seen an Indian film. D.Bollywood films are mostly comic romances with light-hearted incidental music. E. Bollywood pays great attention to traditional values. F.The result is a fun-filled musical. G. So if you're tired of all that Hollywood actions, check out the following Bollywood films. 答案:71 C 72 F 73 B 74 E 75 G

高考英语任务型阅读七选五专题训练(二)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中 有两项为多余选项。

( 一 )
Ask savvy investors(投资者) how they learned their first lessons about money, and they'll probably tell you lessons their parents taught them. The money values we learn as children stay with us the rest of our lives. If you are a parent, 71 . Here's what you can do:

Help your child begin to save. Open savings accounts for your children, and teach them how the bank adds interest to their savings that makes their money grow. ______72______You may even want to set up a matching program, contributing fifty cents for each dollar your child saves. Teach your child about stocks(股票). A child in elementary school can start learning about how businesses work. 73 .Then use Morningstar Mutual

Fund Guide(available at your library)to find a quality mutual fund that holds some of these companies, or a mutual fund that caters to children such as the Stein Roe Young Investor Fund. Many funds accept regular monthly investments as low as $50 a month, 74 . Encourage early IRA(个人退休金账户)saving. The new Roth IRA is a great

way for children who are working in summers or after school to begin saving for their future. Imagine how much money you'd have today if you had saved $3,000 a year since you were a teenager! Let your kids handle their own money. We all learn by doing, larger mistakes as adults. A.you should provide enough money for children so that they can save some B.teaching your children the value of saving and investing will benefit them the rest of their lives. C. Once your child understands the basics, ask him or her to think about some of the businesses that might be good stock investments. D. so letting your kids manage a segment of their budget(预算)will let them earn valuable financial lessons. E. you should teach your children about investment when he/she is in primary school F. Encourage your children to save a little from every bit of money they receive, such as allowances, birthday gifts, etc. G.so these funds can be a good way to teach children about the stock market while saving for their college education. [答案] 71. B 72. F 73. C 74 .G 75 D 75 They may make mistakes, but they will be small mistakes that may help them avoid

( 二 )
Our Fears Can Change the Reality of the SituationAt times, our worries and anxieties can defeat us. In addition, our worries can change our understanding of what is reality and what is not. Here is a brief list of techniques that you can use to help gain a better viewpoint on things during your anxious moments. 71 A person should take a deep breath and try to find something to do for a few minutes to get their mind off the problem. A person could get some fresh air, listen to some music, or do an activity that will give them a fresh perspective on things. Remember that our fearful thoughts are made to seem worse and can make the problem worse. 72 When unexpectedly having thoughts that make you fearful or anxious, challenge those thoughts by asking yourself questions that will maintain objectivity and common sense.

Be smart in how you deal with your fears and anxieties. Do not try to deal with everything all at once. When facing a current or upcoming task that makes you anxious, break the task into a series of smaller steps. what we worry about never comes true. leave in the hands of God. It is not easy to deal with all of our fears and worries. When your fears and anxieties have the best of you, try to calm down and then get the facts of the situation. The key is to take it slow. All you can do is do your best each day, hope for the best, and when something does happen, take it easy. 75 . A.Take it one step at a time and things will work out. B.When feeling anxious, stop what you are doing and try to do something relaxing. C.This will give you the confidence to manage your anxiety. D.Instead of worrying about something that probably won't happen, concentrate on what you are able to do. E.The next time you feel depressed, review your list and think about the good things that you have in your life. 74 73 . Remember that all the worrying in the world will not change anything. Most of Everything else you can

F.A good way to manage your worry is to challenge your negative thinking with positive statements and realistic thinking. G.Completing these smaller tasks one at a time will make the stress more manageable and increases your chances of success. [答案] 71. B 72. F 73. G 74. D 75 A

( 三 )
The World Health Organization says obesity rates are rising in Pacific island countries. So, too, are health problems linked to being overweight. 71 .

It says many Pacific islanders have replaced their traditional diets of vegetables and fruits with imported processed foods. Dr.Temu Waqanivalu is with the World Health Organization's South Pacific office in Suva,Fiji. 72 .

Temu Waqanivalu said:“In some of the places,you'd be amazed to see how a bottle of Coke is cheaper than a bottle of water. I think that represents the kind of off environment we've created that doesn't really encourage or make lifestyle choices an

easy choice for the population.” 73 ten Pacific island countries. . 74 . The WHO says more than 50 percent of the population is overweight in at least The rate is as high as 80 percent among women in the territory of American Samoa. Fiji had the lowest obesity rate at 30 percent. In all,almost ten million people live in Pacific island countries. Diabetes rates are among the highest in the world. Fortyseven percent of the people in American Samoa have diabetes. So do 44 percent of the people in Tokelau,a territory of New Zealand. 75 . Officials also note an increase in nutritional problems like anemia and not enough vitamin A in the diets of Pacific islanders. Dr.Waqanivalu says treating conditions related to obesity and diet puts pressure on limited health resources and budgets. A. He says many of the imported products lack nutritional value B. Imported products lack nutritional value but people love to buy them because they are convenient to get C. The WHO estimates that about 40 percent of them have health disorders related to diet and nutrition. D. The WHO says a major reason for the rising obesity rates is an increase in imported foods E. And a lack of physical activity among many Pacific islanders only adds to the obesity problem. F. By comparison,the diabetes rate is 13 percent in the United States,a country that has its own problems with rising obesity. G. Why obesity rates are rising in many Pacific islanders is the change of life style [答案] 71 D 72. A73. E 74. C 75. F.

( 四 )
As the global financial crisis hits the economy, it's tough finding a job—especially if you're competing with thousands of other hopeful students. Sometimes you get the interview, but don't quite seem to land the job because 71

_____. Don't despair! Here are a few tips that might give you an edge. ★ Get connected to your network and try to expand it. Talk to friends, family and acquaintances. 72 . ★ Prepare your resume (个人简历) carefully and be sure it's perfect. Have someone else read it over for typos ( 打字错误 ) and grammatical errors. Get professional help. It's worth the money to present yourself well. If money is tight, read books on resume writing from your public library or search for free help on the Internet. ★ When you apply for a job, be sure you match and list any skills listed on the posting with the skills you have. If you get an interview, be sure to describe those skills thoroughly. Just having the skills is not enough. prepared for every interview. ★ Don't be afraid to accept a position for which you are overqualified—if there's room for advancements. Many great job advancements come from first doing well at an entrylevel position. If you have the right skills and attitude, your resume needs an improvement. ★ When deciding what to wear for an interview, your use. Good luck! A. think about the position level and the dress code of the organization. B. it won't be long before you're in the job you want C. you don't have related experience D. Let everyone know you are looking for a job. E. Wear new clothes for the interview. F. Expressing your abilities well can make all the difference in getting the job. G. Describe clearly your ability to the interviewer. [答案] 71.C 72.D 73,F 74. B 75. A 75 . ★ Use every tool available to you. For example, this site has many job links for 74 . ★ Volunteer for a few weeks in your field of study to gain experience if you feel 73 . ★ Research typical interview questions and practice interviewing. Be well

( 五 )
China is going green. In order to reduce air pollution and oilshortages, automobile manufacturers have announced their plans to develop hybrid vehicles (混

合燃料汽车) for the Chinese market. Toyota's hybrid car Prius will be ready to drive in China this week. 71 72 .They run

Any vehicle is a hybrid when it combines two or more sources of power. Hybrid cars run off a rechargeable battery and gasoline. at 99 percent of their power when the car is cruising (匀速行驶). A specially designed battery motor provides extra power for running up hills or when extra acceleration is needed. Step into a Prius, and turn on the engine. The first thing you notice is how much quieter it is than a traditional car. At this point, the car's gasoline engine is dormant (休眠). 73 . If you stay at a low speed, you are effectively driving

an electric car, with no gasoline being used, and no waste gas gives off. ____74 , when to go electric, and when to use a combination of the two. If you go over 24 km/h, when you step on the gas pedal (油门), you are actually telling the computer how fast you want to go. ____75 . When driving at high speed, the gasoline engine not only powers the car, but also charges the batteries. Any time you use the brake, the electric motor in the wheels will work like a generator and produce electricity to recharge the batteries. As a consequence, the car's batteries will last for around 200,000 miles. A.The hybrid cars reduce air pollution and oilshortages. B. The onboard(车载的) computer makes the decision about when to use a gas engine C. Hybrid cars have special engines, which are smaller than traditional gasoline engines. D.A specially designed battery motor provides extra power when needed. E. The electric motor will provide power until the car reaches about 24 km/h. F. The electronic motor recharges automatically using a set of batteries G. Let's have a look at the new car. [答案] 71.G 72.C 73.E 74. B. 75. F

( 六 )
In a national spelling contest in America, an 11yearold girl was asked to spell a certain word. But with her soft voice the judges were not sure if she spelled the word with the letter A or E. __71__ At that time, the girl knew she had misspelled the word. But instead of lying and telling the judges she had said the

correct letter, she told the truth that she had said the wrong letter. __72__ As the girl walked off the stage, the entire audience stood on their feet clapping to applaud her honesty. Later, dozens of newspaper reporters wrote about this 11yearold girl's courage and honesty, even when it cost her the contest. knew we would never get caught. This young girl could easily have lied, and nobody would have known it but her. But that's just it: She would know she did wrong. __74__ This young girl was strong and smart enough to prize her own conscience and character more than the prize from a spelling contest. Her respect for herself was more important than any respect others might give her for winning a contest. She knew she would have to live with herself and the choice she made at the moment. __75__ A.So she won the contest. B.As a result, she lost the contest. C.The judges wanted to give her another chance. D.It's been said, “If you cheat, you make yourself cheap.” E.It's so true that the choices you make today make what you are tomorrow. F.They talked it over and finally decided to simply ask her what she had said. G.But the fact is that she won the biggest contest that day: the contest of her character [答案] 71.F 72. B 73. G74. D 75. E __73__ Probably the biggest test of our character and honesty is what we would do if we

高考英语任务型阅读七选五专题训练(三)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中 有两项为多余选项。 (1) What can help you make a fortune in the future? Graduating from a top university might not be enough. A new study from the University of Essex in Britain has shown that 71 . The idea that popularity could have a serious impact on one's earning potential shouldn't come as too much of a surprise. The researchers noted that 72 . “If a person has lots of friends, it means that he or she has the ability to get along with others in all kinds of different situations,” said Xu Yanchun, 17, from Nantou High School in Shenzhen, who totally agreed with the recent finding. “Also, friends

always help each other. They not only create wider social circles for you but lift your mood when you occasionally feel depressed , ” said Xu. She believed that 73 . Maybe that's why some people think the younger generations are in the age of friendaholism(交友狂症). A woman even complained that the networking website Facebook's 5,000friend limit was too low for her large reserve of social contacts. But what does a friend mean? Should friends be regarded as a form of currency? “Call me uncool, but I think of a friend as an actual person with whom I have an actual history and whom I enjoy actually seeing. It seems, however, 74 ,” said Meghan Daum, who works with The Los Angeles Times in the US. Daum despised(鄙视)the idea that quantity trumps(胜过)quality in the age of friendaholism. She thought the idea of friendship, at least among the growing population of Internet social networkers, was to get as many of notreallyfriends as possible. For example, 75 . A.if you want to get ahead in life, social skills and networking are easily as powerful as talent and hard work B、Making friends makes you earn more money. C.that this is no longer the definition(定义)of ?friend D. the more friends you have in school, the more money you'll earn later E. If you want to win in life, social skills are as important as talent and hard work. F. all this helps you “earn a higher salary” G. a friend might be someone you might know personally but who could just as easily be the friend of a friend of some other Facebook friends you don't actually know [答案] 71. D 72.A 73. F 74. C 75. G (2) Does this situation seem familiar to you?Your English is progressing well,the grammar is now familiar,the reading comprehension is no problem,and you are speaking quite fluently.____71__ First of all,remember that you are not alone.Listening is probably the most difficult job for almost all learners of English as a foreign language. The most important thing is to listen as often as possible._____72____ The Internet is really a useful tool for English students. You can download The RealPlayer from RealMedia.com. The RealPlayer allows you to use the Internet like a radio station. Once you have begun to listen on a regular basis,you might still be frustrated by limited understanding._____73____ Here is some of the advice I give my students: ?Accept the fact that you are not going to understand everything.

?Stay relaxed when you do not understand,and try listening to the material for more times. ?Do not translate everything into your native language. ?_____74_____Don?t concentrate on details before you have understood the main ideas. ?Listen to something you enjoy. I remember the problems I had in understanding spoken German when I first went to Germany. In the beginning,when I didn?t un derstan d a word,I insisted on translating it in my mind. This method usually resulted in

confusion._____75_____Firstly,translating creates a barrier between the listener and the speaker. Secondly, most people repeat themselves constantly. By remaining calm, I noticed that even if I didn?t pay much attention I could usually understand what the speaker had said. A.But you can?t follow a native English speaker at all! B.What should you do? C.But listening is a problem for most of the beginners! D. However, after several weeks, I got used to the new environment in Germany. E.So,what you need to do is to find listening resources. F.Then,after the first six months,I discovered two extremely important facts. G.Listen for the general idea of the conversation. [答案] 71.A 72.E 73.B 74.G 75.F (3) CHICAGO (Reuters) - Smoking not only can wrinkle (起皱纹) the face and tarn it yellow—it can do the same to the whole body, researchers reported on Monday. The study, published in the Archives of Dermatology, shows that 71 .

"We examined non - facial skin that was protected from the sun, and found that the total number of packs of cigarettes smoked per day and the total years a person has smoked were linked with the amount of skin damage a person experienced," Dr.Yolanda Helfrich of the University of Michigan, who led the study, said in a

statement. "In participants older than 65 years, smokers had significantly more fine wrinkling than nonsmokers. report. The researchers tested 82 people, smokers and nonsmokers, taking pictures of the inner right arms . They ranged, in age from 22 to 91 and half were smokers. 73 . 72 ," Helfrich "s team added in their

When skin is exposed to sunlight, notably the face, it becomes coarse, wrinkled and discolored with a pale yellow tint, Helfrich ' s team wrote. Several previous studies have found that 74 , the study said,

but little has been done to measure the aging of skin not exposed to light. The report did not discuss die mechanism involved but previous research has found that 75 , reducing blood supply to the skin.

Smoking can also damage the connective tissue that supports both die skin and the internal organs,. A. How wrinkled a person's skin is doesn't relate to the number of cigarettes a person smokes B. Similar findings were seen in participants aged 45 to 65 years C. smoking affects the skin all over the body—even skin protected from the sun D. cigarette smoking contributes to premature(过早的)skin aging as measured by facial wrinkles, E. smoking results in skin aging mainly because it will lower blood supply to skin. F. cigarette smoke, among other things, causes blood vessels (血管) beneath the skin to constrict (紧缩) G. Independent judges decided how wrinkled each person' s skin was [答案] 71. C 72. B 73.G 74. D 75. F (4) There was one thought that air pollution affected only the area immediately around large cities with factories and heavy automobile traffic. At present, we realize that 71 . On several occasions over the past decade, a heavy cloud of air pollution has covered the east of the United States and brought health warnings in rural areas away from any major concentration (集中) of manufacturing and automobile traffic. In fact, 72 . Some scientists consider that the increasing concentration of carbon dioxide in the air resulting from the burning of coal and oil is creating a “greenhouse effect” raising the world?s average temperature. If this view is correct and the world?s temperature is raised only a few degrees,

73 . Another view, less widely held, is that increasing particular matter in the atmosphere is preventing sunlight and lowering the earth?s temperature - a result that would be equally disastrous. A drop of just a few degrees could create something close to a new ice age, and would make agriculture difficult or impossible in many of our top farming areas. Today we do not know for sure that either of these conditions will happen though one recent government reports that 74 , if we are lucky enough, the two tendencies will offset(抵消)each other and the world?s temperature will stay about the same as it is now. Driven by economic profits, people don?t think about the damage on our environment caused by the “advanced civilization”. 75 . But is it really worth? A.much of the polar ice will melt and cities such as New York, Boston, Miami, and New Orleans will be in water B. Maybe the air pollution is the price the human beings have to pay for their development C. although these are the areas with the worst air pollution, the problem is worldwide D. people used to think that air pollution existed only in urban and industrial areas E.the very climate of the entire earth may be infected by air pollution F. the greenhouse effect is very possible. Perhaps G. the world?s temperature will remain constant in the years to come [答案] 71. C 72. E 73. A 74. F 75. B (5) Children in the United States are exposed to many influences other than that of their families . Television is the most significant of these influences , because 71 . Parents are concerned about the lack of quality in television programs for children.The degree of violence in many of these shows also worries them.Studies indicate that 72 . Parents are also concerned at,out the commercials that their children see on television. Many parents would like to see fewer commercials during programs for children.And some parents feel that these shows should not have any commercials at all because 73 . Educational television has no commercials and has programs for children that many parents approve of. The most famous of these is Sesame Street,which tries to give preschool children a head start in learning the alphabet( 字 母 )and numbers. 74 . Even though most parents and educators give Sesame Street and shows like it high marks for quality,some critics argue that 75 . These critics feel that the habit of watching hours of television every day turns children into bored and passive( 被 动 的 )consumers of their world rather than encouraging them to become active explorers of it. A. young minds are not mature enough to deal with the claims made by advertisers B. all television,whether educational or not,is harmful to children C .Educational television offers programs for both children and their parents

D. It also flies to teach children useful things about the world in which they live E. the habit of watching television usually begins before children start attending school F. Parents are worried about the influence from television on their children G. when children are exposed to violence,they many become aggressive or insecure [答案] 71. E 72. G 73. A 74. D 75. B (6) Stay on the brighter side of life One very important component of optimism is gratitude or feeling grateful. In fact, there is a strong connection between a grateful attitude and a heightened sense of well-being. Appreciate all the positives in your life by starting a gratitude journal in order to remember what you?re grateful for. ___71__ _. Feeling down? Instead of feeling sorry for yourself waiting for the universe to throw you a bone, try acting like you?re happy—even if you aren?t. A sincere smile and a forced smile will cause the same chemical reactions in your brain, so you can actually fool your mind into feeling better by making it react chemically as if things were going well. ___72___ Reassure yourself that everything is good— even if you don?t feel it. “___73___ If you?re stuck in traffic, then everything else must be going horribly too,” says Anne Parker, a we llness counselor. By blowing negative events out of proportion, you?re setting yourself up for feeling down all day. Instead, acknowledge that you?re stuck in traffic, but also bring to mind something good, like the beautiful scenery outside the window. That way, you?ll get in the habit of forbidding negative circumstances from blanketing your whole day. Swearing to lose 20 pounds or to run a marathon seems like goals leading to happiness, but they take time to achieve. ___74___ You may even end up admitting that you have been defeated. However, if you focus on the small milestones that occur along the way, you will feel positive about your progress, which will give you the strength to keep going. ___75___ Try making someone else?s day better. A report by United Healthcare and Volunteer Match found that volunteers are 72% more likely to characterize themselves as optimistic compared with non-volunteers. Plus, 89% of volunteers say that volunteering has improved their sense of well-being, and 92% say that it enriches their sense of purpose in life. A. Try to help someone in need. B. Want to give your attitude a lift? C. People tend to think in an either-or way. D. Act in an optimistic way—smile, laugh, tell a joke. E. You?ll fail to appreciate more important things in your life. F. By focusing on not having accomplished them yet, you will start to feel down on yourself. G. By remembering the pleasant things in your life, you can actually turn a negative attitude around. [答案] 71. G 72.D 73.C 74. F 75. B


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