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What is it?

Who are they ?

Possible answer
Tell what you have known about Zhoukoudian Caves. Zhoukoudian is a relic of primitive culture, 48 kilometers southwest of downtown Beijing, where Longgushan (dragon skeleton mountain) is standing. Several decades ago, local farmers

mined lime-stone in Zhoukoudian, came upon some bone fossils and called them “the Dragon Bones”. Zhoukoudian became known as “Dragon Bone Mountain”. Drugstores purchased the bones as a medical ingredient. The news about the “magic bones” drew attention of scientists.

In 1929 these lime-stone caves became
world famous with the discovery of a skull and two teeth dating back 200,000 to 500,000 years. They were named Peking Man. But the fossils were lost during World War II. Many of the implements used by those early

humans, and bones of animals they
hunted are on display at a museum near

the site of the discovery. With the steadily increased number of visitors from all over the world, Zhoukoudian has become a scenic spot of Beijing. Now read the dialogue aloud please.

Task 1: Which of the following shows us the earliest people and the modern people have something in common? A. People hung animal skins to keep out
the cold. B. People never grew their own crops. C. People use science. D. People care about their appearance.

Task 2: Tell the 3 topics that the archaeologist talked about. Stage 1 Life in the cave Stage 2 What we can learn from a needle Stage 3 What we can learn from a necklace

Read the text again and get the main

idea of the dialogue and then write
down the three ways in which the life of

early people differs from modern ones.

Homes Caves, perhaps with skins to keep out the cold
Tools Dress Scrapers, axe-heads, bone needles Animal skins sewn together with needles and thread, necklaces

Careful reading
I. Read the text carefully and fill in the blanks.
Descriptions Relics of the relics Caves Human and animal bones, tools and ornaments in those caves.
Conclusions Early people lived in the caves. They used fire to keep warm, cook food and scare wild animals away. ____ They might have kept the fire burning all _______ winter.

Descriptions Relics of the relics Caves Fireplaces in the centre of the caves ______ Layers of ash almost six metres thick No doors

Conclusions They might have hung animal skins at the cave ____ mouth to keep out the cold. Tigers and bears might have been their most dangerous enemies.


Descriptions of the relics


A needle At most three centimetres long Made of bone ____.

Perhaps they cut animal skins and sewed the pieces together to make ______. clothes A Made of There was _____ trade necklace animal bones between them or they and shells travelled to the seaside ______ on their journeys.

II. Answer the following questions after a careful reading.
1. Why have the English students come to the Zhoukoudian caves? The students want to find out about how early people lived. There are no such sites in England while the Zhoukoudian caves provide an excellent example of a site where early people lived.

2. Where did early people live? Early people lived in caves. 3. How did they keep warm? They used fur from animals for clothes and had fires burning all winter.

4. What did they use for doors? The archaeologist thinks they may have used animal skins. 5. What did they eat? They ate animal meat, such as tigers and bears, and fish from the lake nearby. They also picked fruit when it was ripe.

III. Read the text carefully and choose the best answer.
1. Where do the caves lie? A. In the forest. B. On the seaside. C. At the foot of the hill. D. Higher up the hill.

2. What is the right order of early people making clothes? a. removing the skin b. rubbing salt onto the skin c. removing the fat and meat from the skin d. cutting up animals e. cutting the skin and sewing the pieces together A. a-c-d-b-e B. d-a-c-b-e C. a-c-b-e-d D. d-c-b-a-e

3. The following things were used by early people to make clothes EXCEPT _____. A. sharpeners B. needles C. salt D. knives

4. Which of the following shows us the earliest people and the modern people have something in common? A. People hung animal skins to keep out the cold. B. People never grew their own crops. C. People use science. D. People care about their appearance.

5. What can we infer from the sentences--“This one looks very like a fish bone. Is it reasonable? ---Yes, indeed, as the botanical analyses have shown us, all the fields around here used to be part of a large shallow lake. Probably there were fish in it.”? A. Being an archaeologist needs a wide range of knowledge. B. A lake is not the sea. C. People can identify the fish by the colour. D. A fish bone can be made into a necklace.

Compare modern people and Peking
man, and finish the following form. Modern people Place for living Peking Accuracy Man

stone, cave wooden or brick house.

very accurate

Modern people wooden, special for each room Furniture

Peking Accuracy Man a accurate fireplace

Modern people

Peking Man


inaccurate TV, sport, meals Entertain- films, together ment hobbies, education, job

Modern people fruit, Food vegetables, meat and fish, etc.

Peking Man


meat, fish, accurate berries and fruit in season

Modern people

Peking Accuracy Man

natural and skins, man-made leaves Clothing fibres

Post reading
Read the text and fill in the blanks. An archaeologist is showing a group of students from England around the Zhoukoudian caves where ____________________, some of the_______ people lived. earliest

First the archaeologist describes how early people lived in the caves. They made ____to keep them warm, cook the fires food and _____ wild beasts away as well. scare They might have kept the fire burning all winter and hung ___________ at the cave animal skins mouth to keep out the cold during the freezing winter. ______________ were Tigers and bears their most dangerous enemies.

Then the archaeologist shows the students a picture of a sewing needle. The needle which seems to be made of _____ is at most three centimetres long. bone Early people could cut animal skins and sew the pieces together to make their own clothes ______.

Last of all the archaeologist shows them a primitive necklace It is made ________. of animal bones and shells / seashells ______________. At that time early people cared about their__________ and perhaps there appearance was_____ between early peoples or trade they travelled to the seaside on their journeys.

Do you think it is important for us to know about them? Why? Zhoukoudian Caves were formally inscribed (记入) on the “World Heritage List” in December 1987 at the eleventh session of UNESCO World Heritage Committee. The inscription

of the Peking Man Site on the World
Heritage List confirms the exceptional

and universal value of the cultural site,
which requires protection for the

benefit of all humanity. The site is
therefore not only of China, but also of

the world as a whole.

1) Go over the text.

2) Write a brief introduction to the
Zhoukoudian Caves.

3) Preview “the present perfect
continuous tense”.


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