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Module 3 Body Language and Non-verbal Communicatio Cultural Corner课件(外研版必修四)


成才之路 · 英语
外研版 · 必修4

路漫漫其修远兮 吾将上下而求索

Module 3

Body Language and Nonverbal Communication

Module 3

第三课时

Cultural Corner

1.1.1 集合的概念

1

课前自主预习

3

基 础 巩 固

2

课内合作探究

4

课后强化作业

课前自主预习

Ⅰ.根据汉语提示写出单词 1.She________( 弯腰) and picked up a plastic bucket. bent

2.It's impolite to________( 盯着看)at a girl. stare
wipe 擦 3.When he had finished washing he began to________( 拭)the basin. invitation 4.I am only too glad to accept your kind________( 邀请). 5.Several students made the________( request 要求)at the same time. 6.Please do me the________( favour 恩惠) to open the door.I want to go out. 7.The actress gave a rather wooden___________( performance 表演). equality 平等)with men. 8.Women are still struggling for true________(

Ⅱ.短语互译
1.________________ 盯着……看 stare at lift up 2.________________ 举起 accident 3.by ________________ 偶然地 4.________________ 对……粗鲁/无礼 be rude to 请某人帮忙 5.ask sb. a favour ________________ 打开(灯、无线电等) 6.switch on ________________

Ⅲ.阅读文章Clapping并写出各段段落大意
Para.1:___________________________________________ __________________________________________________ Para.2:___________________________________________ __________________________________________________

Para.3:___________________________________________
__________________________________________________ 答案:Para. 1: The reasons for clapping Para. 2 :The history of clapping Para. 3 :The function of clapping

Ⅳ.根据文章选择正确答案 1.Which is NOT true about clapping? A.We clap to show we like something. B.The custom of clapping has early beginnings.

C.Britain people sometimes clap at a funeral.
D.Clapping is infectious and spreads very quickly.

2.What did clapping mean in classical Athens?
A.Happiness and thanks. B.Judgement and taking part. C.Competition and joy. D.Welcome and happiness.

3.Why do we clap at the end of a live performance?
A.To say thank you to the performers. B.To show that we like the performers. C.To complete the performance. D.Both A and B.

4.In this passage,the writer intends to________.
A.encourage us to clap at the end of a live performance B.tell us of what clapping and applause mean in different cultures C.warn us to be careful about the occasions when we can

clap
D.introduce to us the history of clapping 答案:1~4.CBDB

课内合作探究

1.live adj.现场的;活着的,有生气的 It wasn't a recorded show; it was live. 这不是录音表演,而是现场直播。 The club has live music on most nights.

这个俱乐部大多数晚上都有现场演奏的音乐。
We should not carry out an experiment with a live monkey. 我们不应该用活的猴子做实验。

辨析:live, alive, lively与living live alive lively “活着的”,通常指物,不指人,常用来作定语 (位于名词前)。还可表示“实况转播的”。 侧重说明生与死之间的界限。即可指人,也可指 物;可用来作表语,后置定语或宾补。 意为“活泼的”“活跃的”“充满生气的”,可 作定语、表语或宾补, 既可指人,又可指物。 强调说明“尚在人间”“健在”,可用来指人或 living 物,作定语或表语。另外,living前加上the,表示 类别,指“活着的人们”。

To live is not just to be alive, but to be alive is to live. (Roman Roland)

一个人不是为了活才生,而是为了生才活。(罗曼·罗兰)
Who's the greatest man alive? 谁是当今最伟大的人?

Children usually have a lively imagination.
儿童们往往有丰富的想象力。 English is a living language. 英语是活的语言。 Her math teacher is still living.

她的数学老师仍健在。

即学即用
完成句子 ①这次采访在全欧洲现场直播。 The interview was broadcast________across Europe. ②小孩子们通常是活泼的。

Young children are usually________.
用live/living/alive/lively填空 ③The old man is still________. ④It wasn't a recorded show; it was________. ⑤He told us a very________story.

⑥The enemy officer was caught________.
语法填空 ⑦—There will be a(n)________football match between China and Brazil on TV tonight. —What time? I can't wait for it.

答案:①live
⑥alive ⑦live

②lively

③living

④live

⑤lively

句意:——今晚电视上中国队和巴西队将有一场足

球实况赛。——什么时间?我快等不及了。live活的(作前置定 语),直播的,实况的。

2.performance n.[C]表演 Her performance in the play was very good. 她在剧中的表演非常好。

His first performance in China will be given tonight.
他在中国的首场演出将在今晚举行。

知识拓展 (1)perform v.表演;演奏;履行,执行

The students will perform an opera next Friday.
这些学生下星期五将表演一场歌剧。 Our football team performed very well.

我们的足球队表现得很好。
The surgeon was performing a dangerous operation. 外科医生正在做一项危险的手术。 (2)performer n.[C]表演者 Let's have a good round of applause for the next performer.

咱们为下一个表演者热烈鼓掌吧。

即学即用 语法填空 (1)—How did you like Nick's ________ (perform)last night? —To be honest, his singing didn't appeal to me much.

答案:performance
不太吸引我。

performance“表演”符合句意。句意

为:——你认为昨晚尼克的表演如何?——说实话,他的演唱并

(2)(浙江高考改编)Your ________ (perform)as a student will

be excellent if you develop a habit of reflecting on how you learn.
答案:performance 本题考查名词的用法。句意为:作为 一名学生,如果你养成仔细考虑你的学习方法的习惯,那么你 的成绩会是最好的。performance“表现,行为,成绩”符合句 意。

3.prolong vt. 延长 They prolonged their visit by a few days. 他们把访问时间延长了几天。

After prolonged questioning, the man finally confessed.
经过长时间的盘问之后,那个人终于承认了。

辨析:prolong与lengthen prolong
lengthen 主要指时间的延长,且是人为地。 指时间也指空间的延长,但是是自

然地。

The days begin to lengthen in spring.
春天白天开始变长。 Some people have tried to find the drugs that help to prolong life. 有些人想方设法寻找延年益寿的药物。

即学即用 语法填空 The meeting being held may ________(prolong) into the evening because so many problems have to be solved tonight.

答案:be prolonged

句意为:正在进行的会议可能要延长

到晚上,因为今晚有太多问题要解决。

4.equality n.[U]平等 Women want equality of opportunity with men. 女人要求和男人机会均等。 The constitution embodies the ideals of freedom and equality.

这部宪法体现了自由和平等的理想。

知识拓展
(1)equal adj. 平等的;相等的;胜任的 v.等于;比得上 人人生而平等。 n.[C]和自己相当的人或物 All men are created equal.

All countries in the world, big or small, should be equal.
世界上的国家不论大小,应该一律平等。

(2)equal构成的固定搭配:be equal to sth. 与……相等,平
等;胜任(做)某事 Let line AB be equal to line CD. 假设线段AB与CD等长。 He is equal to(doing) the task.

他胜任这项工作。
(3)equally adv. 相等地;平等地;公平地 All expenses are to be equally divided between you and me. 一切费用由我和你平均分担。

即学即用
语法填空 (1)In some countries, what is called “________”(equal)does not really mean equal rights for all people. 答案:equality equality“平等”。句意为:在一些国家

里,所谓的“平等”并不意味着全民享有平等权利。
(2)Fitness is important in sport, but of at least ________ importance are skills. 答案:equal 该句的正常语序为“...but skills are of at least ________ importance.” equal importance表示“同等重要的”。

(3)The island is ________(equal)attractive in spring and
autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons. 答案:equally 地有魅力。 equally“同样地,相等地”,符合题意。句 意为:由于春、秋的宜人天气,这个小岛在这两个季节都同样

(4)(福建高考改编)Anyone, whether he is an official or a bus
driver, should be ________(equal)respected. 答案:equally 本题考查副词的辨析。句意:任何一个 人,不管是政府官员还是汽车司机都应该同样受到尊敬。 equally“相等地,同等地;均等;也,同样”。

5.infectious adj. 有感染性的;有传染性的 Hepatitis is a serious infectious disease. 肝炎是一种非常严重的传染病。

Flu is highly infectious.
流感的传染性很强。

知识拓展
(1)infect vt.传染;感染 The open wound was infected. 裸露的伤口被感染了。 Her cheerful spirits infected all of us.

她乐观的情绪感染了我们所有的人。
(2)infection n.[U][感染];[C]传染病 We had to think of a way to keep off the infection. 我们得想个办法防止感染。

即学即用 语法填空 Many ________ (infect)diseases pass from one person to another by direct contact.

答案:infectious

infectious“有感染性的,有传染性的”。

句意为:许多传染病通过直接接触从一个人传给另一个人。

1.at the end of结束;最终;所剩无几;到……的尽头(或 极限) ①I'm going to have a holiday at the end of the month. 月末我打算度假。 ②They are at the end of their food supply.

他们储备的食物已消耗殆尽。

知识拓展
from beginning to end 从头到尾 come to an end 结束;最后,终于 make(both) ends meet 收支相抵 end in sth. 以……为结尾;末端是……

end up 最终成为;最后处于
put an end to 结束 bring sth. to an end 结束 All is well that ends well.[谚]结局好就一切都好。

辨析:by the end,at the end of与in the end
(1)by the end后常接of短语,意为“到……结束的时候”, 表示一段时间,因此句子多用完成时态,即过去完成时或将来 完成时。 By the end of last term, we had learned all the texts.

上学期末我们已经学完了所有课文。
(2)at the end of后既可接时间,也可接地点,意为“在…… 结尾;在……末端”。 At the end of the street, there's a shop. 在街道的尽头,有一家商店。

(3)in the end只能单独使用,后面不接of短语,意为“最 后”,相当于finally或at last。 I found the lost book in the end.

最后我终于找到了我丢的那本书。

即学即用
语法填空 (1)Joining the firm as a clerk.he got rapid promotion,and ended________as a manager. 答案:up 句意:作为一名秘书加入该公司,他得到了快

速提升,最后当了经理。end up“以……结束”,符合句意。
(2)Smell the flowers before you go to sleep, and you may just end up________sweet dreams. 答案:with 句意:睡觉之前闻闻这些花,你就会进入甜 美的梦乡。end up with以…结束,符合句意。

2.add...to... 把……加到…… Will you add some salt to the soup? 请往汤里加点儿盐好吗?

知识拓展
(1)add v. 加;增加;又说;补充说 He expressed his satisfaction with his travel in China, adding that he would come again. 他对中国之行表示满意,并补充说,他还会再来的。

(2)add to 增添;增加;增进
The bad weather added to our difficulties. 恶劣的天气增加了我们的困难。

(3)add up 加起来;总计
He wrote down the weight of each stone and then added up all the weights. 他把每一块石头的重量记下来,然后把所有的重量加在一 起。

(4)add up to 加起来总共;总计为
All the figures add up to 1050. 这些数字总计是1050。

辨析:add to与add...to...
(1)add to指“添加;增添”,其宾语多为困难、快乐等抽 象名词。 (2)add...to...指“把……加到……”,其宾语多为具体名词。 ①Every failure one meets with adds to one's experience.

吃一堑,长一智。
②Please add some sugar to the water. 请往水里加些糖。

即学即用 完成句子 (1)这些数字的总和恰好是10。

The numbers ________ ________ ________ exactly 10.
(2)这个服务员不会算账。 The waiter can't ________ ________. (3)糟糕的天气只是增加了我们的困难。 The bad weather only ________ ________ our difficulties.

(4)这套家具会给你的卧室增加一些典雅之气。 The suit will ________a taste of classic ________ your bedroom.

答案:(1)add up to (2)add up (3)added to

(4)add; to

1.The theatre was large—it could hold 14,000 people, half the adult male population of the city, which meant that the audience could make a lot of noise. 剧院非常大,它能容纳14 000人,占这个城市成年男子数 的一半,同时这也意味着观众会制造大量的噪音。

本句中使用了由which引导的非限制性定语从句,表示补
充说明。该从句和主句的关系不十分密切,只对主句中的先行 词作附加说明。如果去掉,主句仍然表达明确、完整的概念。 它和主句之间往往用逗号分开。

①Mr. Smith, who came to see us yesterday, is a relation of my wife. 史密斯先生是我妻子的一个亲戚,昨天他来看望我们了。 ②They are coming back to us, which means that they have

been refused elsewhere.
他们回来找我们了,那意味着他们已在别的地方被拒绝 了。

即学即用 语法填空 After graduating from college, I took some time off to go travelling, ________ turned out to be a wise decision.

答案:which

句意:大学毕业以后,我抽出了一点时间

去旅游,后来证明这是个明智的决定。句中所填处是非限制性 定语从句的引导词,且在从句中作主语,因此用which。

2.But some occasions on which people clap change from
one country to another. 但是有一些人们鼓掌的场合国与国之间是不同的。 (1)on which people clap change from one country to another是 由“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句。

当关系代词作介词宾语时,通常把介词提到关系代词前。
①There is a small house, in front of which lies a river. 有一座房子,它前面有一条河。 ②He is a great man, from whom you can learn a lot. 他是一位伟大的人,从他那里你能学到很多东西。

注意:在“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句中,指人时 用whom,指物时用which。

即学即用 语法填空 The growing speed of a plant is influenced by a number of factors,most________which are beyond our control.

答案:of 考查定语从句中的介词。此句为非限制性定语
从句。其中先行词为factors。句意为:植物的生长速度受多种 因素影响,其中大多数超出了我们的控制范围。

(2)occasion n.场合,时刻,常与介词on连用。 Choosing the right level of formality is important on social occasions. 在社交场合下,选择合适的礼节是重要的。

Roses should be given only on special occasions, with special
colors and to special people.玫瑰只有在特殊的场合,用特殊的 颜色,送给特殊的人。

知识拓展 on occasion有时 occasion作先行词时,定语从句用when/on which引导。

There are occasions when(=on which) one must yield 任何人
都有不得不屈服的时候。

即学即用
①完成句子。 A.我看见鲍勃在约翰的聚会上演奏钢琴,在那种场合下 他表现得很棒。 I saw Bob playing the piano at John's party and ________

________ ________ he was simply brilliant.
B.大家都知道他有时会发脾气。 He has been known ________ ________ to lose his temper. 答案:A.on that occasion B.on occasion

语法填空 ②I admire my English teacher. I can remember very few occasions ________ she stopped working because of illness. 答案:when which引导。 句意:我钦佩我的英语老师,我记得她极少

因为病停止工作。 occasion 作先行词时,定语从句用 when/on

基础巩固

Ⅰ.单词拼写
1.They had a reporter on the scene who was covering the event________(从现场). 2.He studies________(古典)literature, but also takes an interest in history.

3.He won a round of ________(掌声)when he ended his
speech. 4.This crisis may be ________(延长),or it may be overcome fairly quickly.

5.In my ________(判断),we should accept their apology. 6.Your ________(表现) in the driving test didn't reach the required standard—in other words, you failed.

答案:1.live
5.judgement

2.classical

3.applause

4.prolonged

6.performance

Ⅱ.单句改错 1.In classical Athens, applause meant to take part. 2.Some occasions for which people clap change from one country to another.

3.We clap in the end of a live performance.
4.The rise in the house rent has added up our difficulties. 答案:1.to take→taking 2.for→on 3.in→at 4.up→to

Ⅲ.语法填空
1.—There will be a(n)________football match between China and Brazil on TV tonight. —What time? I can't wait for it. 答案:live 句中的含义是“一场现场直播的足球赛”。

live“现场直播的”。
2.A________(live)person is full of life and is always doing things. 答案:lively 注意句子的情景提示:充满生活情趣和总是 在做事的人。lively“活泼的;很有精神的;愉快的。”

3.I should________sorry to you for having forgotten to bring your book. 答案:say 句意:忘了把你的书带来了,我要说声抱 歉。say sorry to sb.是固定搭配。

4.We want to have a meeting in your school, but we don't
know how many people the school hall can________. 答案:hold hold在此表示“容纳”之意。

5.The purpose of new technique is to make life easier, ________(not make)it more difficult. 答案:not to make 题中是两个不定式并列作表语,并且 有两个不定式表示比较,后一个to不能省略。

6.The teacher is not easy-going, and he never ________
(participate)in the pupils' games. 答案:participates 判定。 考查动词时态。由上文一般现在时可

7.The bad weather meant ________ (delay)the rocket launch(发射)for 48 hours. 答案:delaying mean后既可跟不定式(mean to do sth.), 又可以跟名词mean doing sth.,前者表示“打算去做”,而后

者表示“意味着”。句意:坏天气意味着火箭延迟发射48小
时。用v-ing形式。

8.—Would you like to know something about my foreign teacher? —Oh, I remember ________ (tell)about her yesterday. 答案:being told 答语的意思:我记得昨天我已经被告诉

了她的情况。remember doing sth.“记得已做过某事”。I与tell之
间为被动关系,所以要用remember being told。

9.We should have team spirit but there are a few occasions ________ members are uncertain of their roles.

答案:when 先行词occasion意思为“场合;时刻”,表
示时间,且从句中不缺主语和宾语,故此处用when引导定语从 句,且在从句中作状语。

10.It is well known to us all that in China pigeons stand for
peace. However, in India the wheel in its national flag is also a ________ of peace. 答案:symbol 句意:众所周知在中国鸽子代表和平,而 在印度国旗上的车轮也是和平的象征。symbol“象征,符号”。

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Module 3 Body Language and Non-verbal Communication 第5课时 导学案-外研必修4精品_高一英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Module 3 Body Language and Non-verbal ...

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