上虞市 2009 年高一英语能力竞赛试卷
1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ卷（非选择题）两部分。满分 150 分，考试用时 120 分钟。 2．答题前，考生先将自己的姓名、流水号等用黑色签字笔清楚填写在答题卡 I、答题卡Ⅱ上；用 ２Ｂ铅笔将自己的考号、考试科目涂写在答题卡 I 上。 3．选择题部分必须使用２Ｂ铅笔填涂，如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，
再选涂其它答案标号；非 选择题部分必须使用钢笔或圆珠笔书写，字体工整、笔迹清楚。 4．非选择题部分请按照题号顺序在各题目的答题区域内作答，超出答题区域书写的答案无效； 在草稿纸、试题卷上答题无效。 5. 保持卡面清洁，不折叠、不破损。考试结束后，只交答题卡。
第一卷（三部分，共 110 分）
第一部分：听力 （共 20 小题；满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的Ａ、Ｂ、Ｃ三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后， 你都有１０秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. When is Betty leaving for Guangzhou? A. Next Thursday evening. B. This Thursday evening C. Next Tuesday evening 2. Which season was it when the conversation took place? A. Spring B. Winter C. Summer 3. When was the fire put out? A. At 1:00 B. At 4:00 C. At 3:00 4. When will the woman go to dinner? A. Next Saturday B. Next Sunday C. On the man?s birthday 5. What does the man think of the exam? A. It wasn?t too difficult. B. It was too easy. C. It was very difficult. 第二节（共１５小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面５段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的Ａ、Ｂ、Ｃ三个选项中 选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 ５秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出５秒钟的作答时间。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6~8 题。 6. Where are Kate and Tom? A. In Kate?s office B. In Tom?s house C. In a classroom 7. Why did Tom come into the room? A. He worked there. B. He wanted to talk to Kate. C. He wanted to have a letter typed. 8. What was Jane doing at that time? A. She was taking a rest. B. She was preparing for an exam. C. She was taking an exam. 听下面一段对话，回答第 9~11 题。 9. How much did the woman?s package post cost? A. $10.80 B. $5.90 C. $5.94 10. Which way did the woman get to mail her package?
A. First class B. A cheaper way C. An expensive way 11. Where did they have a talk? A. At a post office B. At a railway station C. At New York airport 听下面一段对话，回答第 12~14 题。 12. Where did they have a dinner that night? A. In the hotel B. At an airport C. In a restaurant nearby 13. What kind of food were they going to eat? A. English food B. Chinese food C. French food 14. How many seats did the woman order? A. Two B. Four C. Five 听下面一段对话，回答第 15~17 题。 15. What is Sally? A. A famous singer B. A film star C. A famous swimmer 16. What did she do at the last Olympics? A. She broke all the records. B. She won many cups. C. She swam thirty five miles. 17. Why has she given up swimming? A. She is really too old to swim. B. She prefers visiting other countries. C. She can?t win any international competitions. 听下面一段独白，回答第 18~20 题。 18. What does almost everyone do on Sunday? A. Going to church. B. Reading the Sunday paper. C. Sleeping late in the morning. 19. When does the paper come? A. Later in the afternoon B. In the evening C. Early in the morning. 20. What kind of news do women?s pages have? A. Parties and marriages. B. Advice about food, health and clothes. C. Both of the above 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. You look beautiful in the skirt! I like color of your skirt．It is good match for your blouse． A．a；the B．a；a C．the；a D．the；the 22. She is such a nice old lady that she _______ others. A. has always thought of B. is always thinking of C. will always be thinking of D. has always been thinking of 23. Preparations for the 2010 Shanghai Expo are under way, and buildings are built ________ there used to be a dockyard. A. in which B. where C. / D. what 24. ________ in the school regulations that students shouldn?t use mobile phones in the school. A. What is required B. What requires C. It is required D. As is required 25. ---Wu Xinxin stayed in the tent in July last summer. ---Oh dear! She _________ a lot of difficulties. A. may go through B. must go through C. ought to have gone through D. must have gone through 26. Cathy is engaged in learning English literature at Sunshine School，where she English for two
years． A．studies B．studied C．is studying D．has been studying 27． In the time of social reform， people?s state of mind tends to with the rapid changes of society． A．keep pace B．keep touch C．go on D．make progress 28. As she feels lonely, she is _________ for friendship. A. wishing B. expecting C. starving D. hoping 29. ---May I have your _______ to leave a little earlier? ---Of course, but you should come back tomorrow by 8 o?clock. A. permission B. conclusion C. suggestion D. opinion 30. ---Do you think the weather is good enough for a climbing? ---Yes, you couldn?t hope for ___________ at this time of year. A. a nice day B. a nicer day C. the nicer day D. the nicest day 31. ---What did you hear last night? --- I seemed __________ someone knock at the door. A. to have heard B. to be hearing C. to be heard D. to hear 32. ----How about putting some pictures into the report? --- _________ A picture is worth a thousand words. A. No way. B. Why not? C. All right? D. No matter. 33. Perseverance is a kind of quality--- and that?s ________ it takes to do anything well. A. what B. how C. when D. why 34. _______ I?ve got my own car, I don?t get as much exercises as I used to. A. Although B. Even if C. As soon as D. Now that
35．We went to the concert ______ my son, for he would perform there. A. in search of A. inspired A. lock B. in charge of B. satisfied C. in honor of C. calm D. in support of 36. Wait till you are more________ . It's better to be sure than sorry. D. certain 37. Tom spent the whole day ______ in the room, reading Harry Potter VI. B. to lock C. locking D. locked , their political influence should be very great. C. Even so C. have helped D. If so D. having helped 38. Much of the power of the trade unions has been lost. A. As a result A. helping B. As usual B. help
39. The determined mother has devoted all she has to ________ her son out of trouble.
40. You will _____ if you drive after drinking. A. put into trouble B. get into trouble C. make trouble D. have trouble
第二节 完形填空 （共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，共 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 41-60 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I ran into a stranger as he passed by. “I?m so sorry!” was my reply. Then he said, “Excuse me too. I wasn?t even watching for you.” We were very ___41___, this stranger and I. Then we went on our way ___42___ saying goodbye. But at home , a different story is told. How do we treat our loved ones, young and old? Later in the kitchen, as I was 43 our meal, my daughter walked up to me, very still. When I turned, I nearly____44___ her down. “Get out of the way!” I ___45___ with a frown (皱眉). She stepped away
___46__, with her little heart broken. I didn?t realize how harshly (苛刻地) I had spoken. That night, when I lay 47 in bed, God?s quiet voice spoke to me and said, “While 48 with a stranger, you are calm and polite, ____49___ with those you love, you are quick to become___50__. Go and look around on the kitchen floor, you?ll find some flowers there by the door. Those are the flowers she brought for you. She 51 them herself—pink, yellow, and your favorite blue. She stood there quietly in order to give you a ____52____, and you never saw the 53 in her eyes.” By this time, I felt sad and small and now my own tears had begun to fall. I quietly went and knelt by her 54 : “Wake up, my dear,” I said, “Are these the flowers you picked for me?” She smiled, “I found them out by the tree. I wrapped them in a napkin, just for you. I knew you?d like them, especially the 55 .” I said, “I am so sorry that I missed them today. And I 56 have shouted at you that way.” And she whispered, “Mommy, that?s okay. I still love you anyway.” I hugged her and said, “I love you, too and I love the flowers” Do you know that: if someone dies tomorrow, the 57 he is working for could easily replace him in a matter of days. But the family he 58 behind will feel the loss for the rest of their lives. And come to think of it, we pour ourselves more into our 59 than into our families — an unwise investment (投资) indeed. Remember that 60 = (F)ATHER—(A)ND—(M)OTHER—(I)—(L)OVE—(Y)OU. 41. A. rude B. polite C. angry D. curious 42. A. without B. from C. after D. before 43. A. preparing B. having C. eating D. burning 44. A. ran B. took C. rushed D. knocked 45. A. shouted B. required C. ordered D. advised 46. A. shamefully B. angrily C. hurriedly D. silently 47. A. asleep B. awake C. afraid D. alive 48. A. dealing B. meeting C. going D. talking 49. A. then B. perhaps C. but D. and 50. A. nervous B. strict C. friendly D. angry 51. A. grew B. bought C. picked D. fetched 52. A. surprise B. gift C. reward D. help 53. A. expressions B. tears C. smiles D. joy 54. A. desk B. bed C. body D. head 55. A. pink B. yellow C. black D. blue 56. A. needn?t B. shouldn?t C. mustn?t D. can?t 57. A. company B. country C. place D. state 58. A. throws B. falls C. leaves D. remains 59. A. strangers B. studies C. meals D. work 60. A. RESPECT B. WARMTH C. FAMILY D. FRIEND 第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项 (A.B.C.D) 中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将 该项标号涂黑。 A Tom and his brother, Ernie, share a room. One day as Tom was reading a letter from his girlfriend, Ernie came over to Tom?s side of the room and pretended that he was reading over his brother ?s shoulder. “Get out of my face,” Tom shouted as he pushed Ernie away.
Most people need space around them to feel comfortable. The amount of space needed depends on many things, including what culture they were raised in, what relationship they have with the person who is near them, and what their own personality(个性)is like. According to Dr. Edward T. Hall, we have four zones for personal space: intimate distance, personal distance, social distance, and public distance. These zones are the areas we operate in. Intimate distance is the closet. When people violate(侵犯) intimate space, they make others anxious or even angry. Have you ever felt a little uncomfortable in a crowded lift? The next time you ride in a lift, watch the other people. Most of them will look up at the numbers or will stare at the floor. They do this out of respect for other people?s space. It is difficult to decide when personal space might be violated. With personal space, even eye contact(目 光接触) or body language can cause negative feelings. Staring at a person usually means that you think there may be something strange about the person. So, although you may be several feet away, they may feel threatened because you are staring at them. The important thing to remember is that everyone is different. 61．Which of the following has an influence on the amount of space a person needs? A. His family ties B. His lifestyle C. His social experience D. his cultural background 62. Why do people in a crowded lift often look up at the numbers or stare at the floor? A. They are deep in thought. B. They don?t want to be rude. C. They don?t know each other. D. They are too shy to look at others. 63. Which of the following does the writer regard as impolite? A. Making eye contact with strangers B. Staring at a person from a distance C. Using body language when speaking D. Standing several steps away from others 64. We can learn from the text that Tom was angry at this brother Ernie because _________. A. he didn?t want to live in the same room with him B. he didn?t like the way Ernie made fun of him C. he felt Ernie had broken into his personal space D. he found the noises Ernie made very disturbing B If you feel at present that you don?t have enough friends in your life, one reason may be that you have let yourself become too busy to make time for the relationships you already have. Starting and keeping friendship requires effort. Many of us let our life become so busy with work that we don?t get around to arranging time for pleasure and renewal(叙旧) with the friends and relatives we already have. Making efforts to call your friends more regularly and to accept more of the invitations you receive from the others can improve your social life in a hurry! Are there any people you could call right now and be sure of a pleasant welcome? Are there people that you could turn to in time of difficulty? Can you have close talks with them? Do you have fun when you are together? Are you happy to have them in your life? If you haven?t seen much of them lately, is it because you have become too busy? Have you grown apart? Was there an argument? If the main reason you haven?t been getting together with the people you already know is that you have gotten too busy, take a good look at how you spend your time. Compare it with your real values and priorities(优先考虑的事) in life. Is your lifestyle really bringing you the quality of life that you want?
If you have become too busy for friends, why has this happened? Are you seeking material toys in your life at the expense of relationships with other human beings? Have you allowed your time to be over-promised because you never say “No” to anyone? Do you insist on doing things yourself that could be delegated by others? If so, why? Do you believe that everything depends on you? Examine whether the way you are now spending your time accurately reflects your deepest values and priorities. Make sure that you arrange enough time for the things that are truly most important to you. If you really want to keep friends in you life, make a space in your heart for them. 65．In this passage the author mainly discusses_________. A. how to balance friendship and work B. how to spend our spare time C. whether we should keep friendship D. whether we should invite friends to dinner 66. What does the underlined word “delegated” probably mean? A. replaced B. done C. kept D. made 67. The reason why you have become too busy for friends may be the following EXCEPT that ______. A. you spend too much time seeking material toys in your life B. you feel it difficult to keep friendship C. you stick to doing everything all by yourself D. you never refuse whatever other people ask you to do 68. Which would be the best title for the text? A. Too busy for friendship? B. Too busy with work? C. How to spend your time? D. How to make new friends? C The world is growing smaller. In many ways this is a good thing. People travel more, understand cultures better and have more opportunities. But there is also negative. With more people than ever living abroad, there is a chance countries can lose their identity. Britain looks to be taking steps to combat(斗争) this as the new Prime Minister Gordon Brown is encouraging school children to take an oath(誓言) to the Queen and promise to obey the laws. The ceremony is similar to what is done by new immigrants. “The plan is designed to help immigrants and citizens develop a ?shared sense of belonging?. It can also give children a better understanding of what it means to be British.” according to the Sunday Times. But Britain is not the first country to come up with the idea of a patriot(爱国的) oath. American children already do something similar. Since 1954, American students started their school days by standing, putting their hands over their hearts, and taking an oath to the American flag. This procedure is not mandatory(强 制的), meaning it doesn?t have to be done, but most students do it and it is considered unpatriotic if you don?t. However, there has been a long debate about whether this should be done in public schools because God is mentioned. But patriotism, in America, is not limited to the classroom. It can also be seen at sporting events. Before every game, from the NBA to American football, fans stand and sing the US national anthem. It is also common to see people wearing red, white and blue--- the colors of the American flag. Certain events course also make people more patriotic. Immediately following the terrorist attacks of Sept.11 , it was common to see Americans walking down the street wearing pins that read, “Proud to be American!” 69．What does “this” underlined in paragraph 2 refer to? A. The world growing smaller B. Terrorism C. The trend of living abroad D. A loss of the country?s identity
70. What does the Sunday Times think of school children?s taking an oath to the Queen? A. It?s a way to increase children?s national pride. B. It?s a way to fight terrorism. C. It?s a way to inspire students to study hard. D. It?s a way to show respect for the queen. 71. It can be inferred from the text _______. A. American students have to do ceremony twice a day. B. it?s a duty for American students to take the ceremony C. it has been 55 years since the ceremony started at school in America D. the ceremony of the patriotic oath took place first in Britain 72. What?s the best title of the passage? A. Training patriots B. Taking an oath C. Sing the national anthem D. Proud to be American D A small piece of fish each day may keep the heart doctor away. That?s the finding of a study of Dutchmen in which deaths from heart disease were more than 50 percent lower among those who consumed at least an ounce of salt water fish per day compared to those who never ate fish. The Dutch research is one of three human studies that give strong scientific support to the long-held belief that eating fish can provide health benefits, particularly to the heart. Heart disease is the number-one killer in the United States, with more than 550,000 deaths occurring from heart attacks each year. But previous research has shown that the level of heart disease is lower in cultures that consume （消费） more fish than Americans do. There are fewer heart disease deaths, for example, among the Eskimos of Greenland, who consume about 14 ounces of fish a day, and among the Japanese, whose daily fish consumption average more than 3 ounces. For 20 years, the Dutch study followed 852 middle-aged men, 20 percent of whom ate no fish. At the start of the study, average fish consumption was about two-thirds of an ounce each day, with more men eating lean fish than fatty fish. During the next two decades, 78 of the men died from heart disease. The fewest deaths were among the group who regularly ate fish, even at levels far lower than those of the Japanese or Eskimos. This relationship was true regardless of other factors such as age, high blood pressure, or blood cholesterol levels. 73. The passage is mainly about . A. the high incidence of heart disease in some countries B. the changes in people?s diet C. the daily fish consumption of people in different culture. D. The effect of fish eating on people?s health 74. We can infer from the passage that there are fewer heart disease deaths . A. in the countries with good production of fish B. in the countries of the yellow-skin race C. in the countries with high consumption of fish D. in highly-developed countries 75. The underlined part “This relationship” may refer to the connection between and the level of heart disease. A. the amount of fish eaten B. regular fish-eating C. the kind of fish eaten D. people of different areas
76. In which section of a newspaper can we read this passage? A. Ads. B. Movies. C. Briefs.
D. Health and diet.
Do you know that some insects are very much like people? They live together in crowded cities and work together for the good of all. Ants are insects of this kind. They are social insects, living together in colonies. They build their houses to suit the climate of the place where they live, and they live almost everywhere in the world. Like people, ants distribute the work to be done. Some worker ants get food and feed it to young ants. They are like farmers gathering food for people to eat. When the young ants eat the food, they give out a liquid that the grown-up ants can eat. In some colonies, the ants feed liquid food to a few special workers. These workers store it in their stomachs, which become very large. They spend all their time in the nest giving out liquid to whoever needs it, just like the person who runs a store. Ants are ruled by a queen ant. She spends all her time laying eggs, and the worker ants take care of her. New queens come to rule a colony in many different ways. One kind of ant queen can go into another colony and kill the old queen. Another kind can take some workers with her from her mother's nest and start a new colony of her own. Another kind of ant queen takes her young with her and hides in some other colony. She gets some of the workers to feed her young instead of the old queen's young. In this way she becomes strongest in the colony, and she rules. Some ants form armies and fight battles with other colonies, but not all ants are fierce. Some live in peace with their neighbours. 77. What is the main idea of this passage? A. There are different kinds of ants. B. Ants live very much like human beings. C. Ants live alone. D. Ants live as long as human beings. 78. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Ants always build the same kind of homes. B. Ants are ruled by a male. C. In some ant colonies, elections are held to choose a new queen. D. One kind of ant queen gets workers to feed her young. 79. The RIGHT order in which they appear in the passage is ________ . (a) Some ants fight battles. (b) Different groups of ants do different jobs. (c) Ants live in colonies. (d) New queens come to rule a colony in many different ways. (e) Some insects are very much like people. A. c-e-d-b-a B. c-e-b-d-a C. e-c-b-d-a D. e-c-d-b-a 80. Which one of the following is a way people are just like ants? A. The young give off a liquid that the grown-ups eat. B. They store liquid in their stomachs and give it to others.
C. Queens spend all their time making new citizens. D. They build their houses to suit the climate.
上虞市 2009 年高一英语能力竞赛试卷
题号 得分 阅卷人
第四部分: 写作 (共二节, 满分 40 分) 第一节: 单词拼写 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 根据下列句子及所给单词的首字母,写出各单词的正确形式，使句子意思完整。 （每空限写一词） 81. It was o_________ to everyone that Gina was lying. 82. I must a_________ to you for the delay in replying to your letter. 83. He is full of c___________, but his mother tells him not to know about everything. 84. Time is so l___________ that we should make full use of it. 85. As matter of fact, Henry landed in London quite by a____________. 86. It is proved that the medicine is h__________ to health. 87. That?s disappointing! As soon as those birds c__________ sight of us, they all flew away. 88. When he comes across a new word, he is always r__________ to a dictionary. 89. Jane spent many years o___________ and recording chimps? daily activities. 90. Yuan Longpin is famous for s___________ the farmers with super hybrid rice seeds. 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 假如英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语 言错误，要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在其下面写上该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不给分。 例如：It was very nice to get your invitation to spend ∧ weekend with you．Luckily the I was completely free then , so I'll to say “yes”．I'll arrive in Bristol at around am 8 pm in Friday evening． on It is five years now since I graduate from No.3 High School. Last Saturday, the class that I studied held a get-together, which took us a long time prepare. It was indeed not easy to get in the touch with everybody and set a well time for all of us. We all enjoyed this precious day greatly, remember the time we spent together and the people they were familiar with. It was a pity that
some of us were absently as they had gone abroad for further studies, and they called back or sent greeting card from different places. 第三节：中译英（共 10 小题，每题 2 分；满分 20 分） 1、 他屏住呼吸，担心被发现。（hold one?s breath）
3. 他不希望因为他的饭馆不再受欢迎而负债。(look forward to)
4. 说实话，他的粗心大意导致了他的失败。(account for)
5. 这使得我们阻止河流被污染成为可能。（make it possible）
6. Yuan Longping 很满意他的生活。但他对自己的成名并不关心。(be satisfied with)
7. 我们的英语老师善于同学生交流。(have a gift for)
8. 据我所知，她已与一个富家子弟结婚了。(as far as )
9. 作为一名学生，你不应该瞧不起那些贫穷的同学。（look down upon） . 10. Yuan Longping 1930 年出身于贫困农民家庭，1953 年大学毕业。(graduate from)
上虞市 2009 年高一英语能力竞赛试卷 参考答案
1-----5 AABBC 21--25 CBBCD 41--45 BCADA 61—65 DBBCA 81. obvious 87. caught 短文改错 graduate →graduated that→where/ ∧in ∧ to 去掉 the well →good remember→ remembering they→ we absently→ absent and→but card →cards 句子翻译 1. He held his breath, afraid of being discovered. 2. The film reminded him of what he saw and heard in Paris. 3. He didn?t look forward to being in debt because his restaurant was no longer popular. 4. To be honest, his carelessness accounted for his failure. 5. This made it possible for us to prevent the river from being polluted. 6. Yuan Longping is quite satisfied with his life. However, he doesn?t care about being famous. 7. Our English teacher has a gift for communicating with students. 8. As far as I know, she has already married a rich young man. 9. As a student, you shouldn?t look down upon the poor classmates. 10. Born into a poor farmer?s family, Yuan Longping graduated from the university in 1953. 6----10 ACBCB 26---30 DACAB 46---50 DBACD 11---15 ACACC 31---35 ABADD 51---55 CABBD 71---75 CADCB 84. limited 90. supplying 16---20 ACBCC 36---40 DDCAB 56---60 BACDC 76---80 DBDCD 85. accident 86. harmful
82. apologize 88. referring
83. curiosity 89. observing