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新疆乌鲁木齐八一中学2016届高三上学期第二次月考英语试题


考试时间 100 分钟;卷面分值:120 分 命题人:余金 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 10 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳答案。 A Money is all surrounding us. Every day, we see it, use it, and it is on

the tip of our tongue. Did you ever stop to take consideration where the money that you carry around every day comes from? Making new money is a very unique job and no easy task. It has up to 65 steps When the money in circulation(流通)gets dirty and worn out, it is replaced with new money The old money is taken from banks and brought to places where it is destroyed Usually, the old money is burned. The burned money is replaced by new paper money. If old money is being replaced, then new money is printed in a place called a mint (造币厂) .Large sheets of paper are printed with many pictures of some currency (流通货币).These large sheets are cut into individual bills. The individual bills are then put together in big stacks and then sent to banks. Sometimes the mint will make a new bill with a new picture (portraits of statesman and places of interest are favoured)or a new colour. It is not easy for the government to make a new bill. It takes a long time, and there are many steps to go through before a new bill can be sent to banks, first, people in the government decide that a new kind of bill is needed Then, they ask and artist to design the new bill. A different artist cuts the new picture into a soft piece of metal called a die. The dies are made and put onto large printing machines. Then, very special paper is used, which no one but the mint can have. Along with this special paper, the mint also prints currency using special colours. After the dies print the new currency onto the paper, the bills are cut, stacked, and sent off to the banks.

1.We can infer from the passage that a die is ____ A. something for dead people B. a special machine that prints the money C. a piece of metal that puts the picture on the money D. a special piece of paper that the money is made from 2.'Which of the following shows the right order of dealing with new money? ①New money is printed in a mint. ②Bills are cut from large sheets of special paper. ③New money is sent in large amounts to banks. ④The government decides to make new money. A. ①②③④ B. ④①②③ C. ④①③② D. ④③②①

3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage? A. The reason for making new money. bill. C. Things used to make new money or a new bill. B Public bookshelves are appearing across Germany on street corners, city squares and in suburban supermarkets. In these free-for-all libraries, people can grab whatever they want to read, and leave behind anything they want for others. There’s no need to register, no due date, and you can take or give as many as you want. “This project is aimed at everyone who likes to read. It is open for everybody.” Michael Aubermann, one of the organizers of the free book exchange said. The western city’s latest public shelf was put up next to Bayenturm. It is the fourth free shelf that Aubermann’s group, the Cologne Citizen’s Foundation, has placed outside. “We set up our other outdoor shelves last year and it’s been working really well,” said Aubermann. The public bookshelves, which are usually financed by donations and cared for by local volunteer groups, have appeared independently of each other in many cities, suburbs and villages. Each shelf holds around 200 books and it takes about six weeks for a complete turnover, with all the old titles replaced by new ones. D. The amount of new money needed. B. The processes of making a new

Even commercial book stores and online book sellers seem to support the idea of free book exchanges. “We see this project rather as a sales promotion than as competition,” said Elmar Muether. “If books are present everywhere, it helps our business, too.” So far, the Cologne book group has had few problems with damage or other problems. Aubermann said, “Propaganda(宣传) is the only kind of literature we do not allow here.” At another bookshelf in the Bayenthal neighborhood, the lower shelves are reserved for children’s literature only. “It is important that we make it easy for everyone to participate in this ‘reading culture on the street’----from old readers to kids to immigrants.” Aubermann said. While most of the shelves have so far been put up in upscale- neighborhoods, Aubermann and the 20 volunteers who help look after the project are planning to put up future shelves in poor neighborhoods, where residents often don't have as much access to literature. 4. Which of the following is TRUE about the public bookshelves? A. People have to return the books according to the required time. B. People can’t borrow books unless they donate books. C. People can borrow whatever they like after registering. D. People can take the books and leave their books at will. 5. According to Aubernmann, the public bookshelves________________. A. are financed by local volunteers. government. C. have been going well since their birth a shorter turnover 6. The underlined phrase “upscale neighborhoods” refers to____________. A. communities that have many people. C. communities that are free to live in tall building 7. Which might be the best title for the passage? B. communities that are of high grade D. communities that have many D. will hold more books and take B. were managed by the local

A. Pubic Reading Becomes Popular Worldwide Germany C. Public Bookshelves Spread Across Germany in Europe C

B. New Trends of Bookshelves in

D. Reading Culture on the Street

“The first and best of victories is for a man to conquer himself; to be conquered by himself is, of all things, the most shameful,” says Plato. Self-control is at the root of all the advantages. Let a man give in to his impulses(冲动)and feelings, and from that moment he gives up his moral freedom. A single angry word has lost many a friends. When Socrates found in himself any temper or anger, he would check it by speaking low in order to control himself. If you are conscious of being angry, keep your mouth shut so that you can hold back rising anger. Many a person has dropped dead in great anger. Fits of anger bring fits of disease “Whoever the gods would destroy they first make mad.” “Keep cool,” says Webster, “anger is not argument.” “Be calm in arguing.” Says George Herbert, “for fierceness (狂怒)makes error a fault.” To be angry with a weak man is to prove that you are not strong yourself. “Anger,” says Pythagoras, “bring with folly(愚蠢) and ends with regret.” You must measure the strength of a man by the power of the feelings he conquers, not by the power of those which conquer him. Self-control is man’s last greatest victory. If a man lacks self-control he seems to lack everything. Without it he can have no patience, no power to govern himself; he can have no self-confidence, for he will always be controlled by his strongest feeling. If he lacks self-control, the very backbone and nerve of character are lacking also. 8. What’s the main idea of the passage? A. A man should keep cool. B. How to conquer oneself? D. The importance of

C. The relation between moral freedom and his feelings. self-control.

9. What’s the meaning of “Whoever the gods would destroy they first make mad”?

A. If you are mad, the gods will kill you. B. If you lose your temper first, gods will kill you first. C. If you can’t control yourself, you will be crazy. D. If the gods want to kill you, they will make you mad first. 10. Which of the following is NOT true, according to passage? A. The first and best of victories is for a man to conquer himself. B. You will make a small mistake serious if you don’t keep cool. C. You must measure a man’s strength by the power of the feelings which conquer him. D. Anger brings with folly and ends with regret. 11. Which of the following can’t help you avoid anger, according to the passage? A. Becalm in arguing. C. Keep your mouth shut. B. Try to make the other angry first. D. Check your temper or anger by speaking low. D For my grandmother’s 70 birthday, my family and I visited South Korea. While there, I was attentive to Korean high schools and students. I was surprised by how different Korea’s public high schools are from America’s. Korean high schools can be all-girls, all-boys or co-ed ( 男女同校的 ) unlike our standard co-ed high schools. There are three grades: “go 1” (10th), “go 2” (11th) and “go 3” (12th). ‘‘Go” is the first syllable of the word “go-deung -hakkyo", which, simply translated, is “high school”. In America, unless you want to go to a private school, you don't have to take an entrance exam. In Korea, however, students must take a test to get in because of the many choices of schools. Another difference I couldn't help but notice was the students’ appearance. With very few exceptions, all wear uniforms. A name tag (标牌) with the student's name, grade and homeroom number must also be worn. Girl’s skirts can’t be above the upper part of the knee, and it is forbidden to dye (染) your hair or wear accessories (装饰品) except small earrings. There are strict regulations for appearance to achieve neatness, and it seems the only freedom students have is with their choices of hair
th

style, socks and shoes. The final difference was the setup of the classes. There may be 40 students in a classroom, but the number can be less or even more, depending on the population of the town or city. Although there are many students per classroom, they are very close, which I think is a result of not changing classrooms for different subjects. There are no levels in the subjects and the teachers are the ones who switch classrooms. They just have ten-minute breaks between subjects. In each class, students are ranked by their grades. This causes strict competition, and Korean students do a lot of studying. To help them, all schools have extra study classes after school. One other fact that helped me appreciate living in America is that Koreans have school on Saturdays. Although it’s only a half day, I think I speak for most Americans when I say we could never imagine ourselves in school on a Saturday. Korea’s public high schools are clearly different from America’s. I had imagined them to be just like our schools, but now I have a clear picture of how different they are. 12. How many main differences are mentioned between Korea’s public high school and America’s? A. 4. 5. 13. It seems that the writer _______ . D. 6. 3. B. C.

A. prefers the high school life of America to the one of Korea B. is fond of Korean students' appearance C. is familiar with the education system of high schools in Korea D. feels it common to have lessons on weekends 14. What does the underlined word “setup” in paragraph 5 probably mean? A. Arrangement. Number. D. Outline. Size. B. C.

15. According to the rules, the students of Korea can _______ .

A. go to different high schools without exams B. wear any clothes except uniforms at school C. have different hair styles D. attend different classes as they like 第二节(共 5 小题;每小題分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选 项。 Maybe you’re feeling down because of financial. Maybe you’re feeling over-whelmed by(以??压倒) holiday task. Or maybe you’re just having an unpleasant day. If so, you can make yourself happier-right now. 1. Boost your energy Stand up and pace while you talk on the phone or, even better, take a ten-minute walk outside 15 . The activity and sunlight are good for your focus, your mood,

and the reservation of information. Plus, because of “emotional infection”, if you act energetic, you’ll help the people around you the energetic, too. 2. 16 Take ten minutes to think about all the things in your life that are going right, about all the things that other people do to help you, about all the things that you’re thankful for. In the disorder of everyday life, it’s very easy to focus on the negative and to lose sight of what really matters. 3. Reach put to friends 18 having warm, close bonds with other people is the KEY to happiness, so take the time to stay in touch. Somewhat surprisingly, socializing boosts the moods not only of extroverts(外向者), but also of introverts(内向者). 4. Create a calmer environment. Clear some physical and mental space around yourself by sorting papers, pitching junk, cleaning a closet, answering a few emails, filing, or even just making your piles neater. A large stack of little tasks can feel overwhelming, but often just a few minute of work can make a sizeable decrease 19 . For example: never postpone any task that can be completed in less than one minute.

5. Rid yourself of a troublesome task Answer a difficult email, do a mission you’ve been putting off, or call to make that dentist’ s appointment and finish the regular check which has been missed for several times. 20 .

A. Count your blessings. B. Think about your future. C. Go to the doctor’s for some advice D. Try to get in the habit of using the “one minute rule”. E. Make a lunch date or send an email to a friend you haven’t seen in a while. F. Research shows that when people move faster, their metabolism(新陈代谢) speeds up. G. Crossing a boring chore off your to-do list will give you a big rush of energy and relief. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项。 Almost everyone around us uses a phone. Phones provide a simple and efficient means to conduct work or 21 social arrangements from day to day.

Phones are easily 34 . In streets, you can see public phones in which you

35

coins to make a call. Phones have 36 answering services; if you re not at home or in the office, or don’t wish to be 37 , you switch on a machine, which will answer the call for you. A pre-recorded 38 will say to the caller. “I’m sorry, I’m

not in at the moment. Please leave your name and number and I will call you back as 39 as possible.” It’s more efficient to leave one’s name and number 40 to waste

their time calling again and again. 21. A. handle match 22. A. conveyed D. advised 23. A. private D. work-related 24. A. carefully secretly 25. A. make remember 26. A. mind idea 27. A. arranges wastes 28. A. fingers legs 29. A. off 30. A. bargain 31. A. destination course 32. A. reservation D. study 33. A. unless before 34. A. accessible D. suitable 35. A. deliver use 36. A. proper B. artificial C. automatic B. feed C. change D. B. acceptable C. portable B. until C. after D. B. choice C. decision B. in B. compare B. route C. out C. pay C. schedule D. ahead D. cut D. B. feet C. head D. B. takes C. kills D. B. subject C. plan D. B. keep C. break D. B. finally C. normally D. B. self-related C. public B. consulted C. interrupted B. attend C. offer D.

D. free 37. A. worried woken 38. A. speech dialogue 39. A. soon long 40. A. together with than 第二节 (共 10 分;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Body and Food Our body, which has close relations with the food that we eat______ our daily life, is the most important thing that we own, so our body________(need) proper treatment and proper nourishment(营养). The old saying “An apple a day keeps the doctor away” is not as silly as some people think. The body needs fruit________ vegetables, such as apples, pears, banana, carrots and cabbages, because they contain vitamin C, is very necessary B. as well as C. or D. B. quickly C. much D. B. message C. notice D. B. upset C. disturbed D.

and important to us all. It’s clear that a lack of vitamin C can make people ill and weak easily. In order to get enough needed vitamins, many people take extra vitamins in pill form,_______ (believe) that these will make them ________(health). But a good diet is made up of nourishing food and this gives all the vitamins that we need. The body doesn’t need or use extra vitamins, so why waste money on them? Nowadays many people are too busy to bother about eating properly. They throw anything into their________ (stomach), eating something carelessly and_________ (hurry). The list of illnesses_________(cause)or made worse by bad eating habits is frightening. It is high time we should realize the importance of having a good diet. If not, it is impossible for__________ (we) to keep fit and strong. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)

第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧) ,并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(﹨)划掉。 修改:在错词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 次,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Last year a national campaigns named “ Clear Your Plates” was launched in China. It is a tradition for the Chinese to entertain their guests with a plenty of food. They believe that they had not satisfied their guests if there’s no food left on the table. So ordering too much food is a good way to show their hospitality. As a result, restaurant trashcans are often found full with leftovers. Worse still, some full plates are left untouched while me guests leave. The “ Clear Your Plates” campaign arms to reduce wasting or raise people’s awareness. It has been warm welcome people from all walks of life(各界人士). We should learn to develop the habit of save natural resources. We’d better not order much than what we need. It is a good idea to eat with our friends in order to eat up that we buy. If we don’t take actions now, more people will go hungry in the future. 第二节:书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是中学生李华,现在正上高三,高三是辛苦忙碌的一年,不管自己还是父母都很辛 苦,每个家长都是望子成龙的,处在这一重要的学习阶段,父母对你的生活、学习倍加关心。 现在请你按照以下内容要点给自己的父母写一封感谢信。 内容要点: 1.感谢父母多年来无微不至的关心; 2.近段时间自己学习情况及取得的进步,自己会继续努力,希望父母放心; 3.高三过后一定多帮父母做家务。 注意: 1.词数 120 左右;卷面整洁美观; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

3.开头和结尾已给出。 Dear parents, ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________

Love from,


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