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高中英语补习资料3


动词的时态和语态 (NMET2011 湖北卷 77 题)
1. 以 ask 为例,将 10 种常见时态的构成形式列表如下: 现在时 过去时 将来时 一般 进行 完成 完成进行 ask / asks am/is/are asking have/has asked have/has been asking asked was/were asking had asked shall/will have asked shall/will ask 过去将来时 would ask

I. 动词的被动语态: 常用被动语态 构成 1 2 3 4 5 一般现在时 一般过去时 一般将来时 过去将来时 现在进行时 am/is/are asked was/were asked shall/will be asked should/would be asked am/is/are being asked 6 7 8 9 10

常用被动语态 过去进行时 现在完成时 过去完成时 将来完成时 含有情态动词的

构成 was/were being asked have/has been asked had been asked will/would have been asked can/must/may be asked

1.动词时态语态往往与其它语法融合在一起 The news ___________________________(房价将要下跌)has caused many people to sell their houses at lower price. (fall) This is the only one of the regions __________(遭受攻击)by the earthquake last year.(attack) 2. Already、just、yet、never、lately、recently、in/during/over+ the last/past+时间、since 、up to now、so far、 for+一段时间、in recent years 等表示现在完成时的时间状语;by+过去时间、by the time+过去时间、before+ 过去时间、by the end of +过去时间等表示过去完成时的时间状语;by+将来时间表示将来完成时的句子。 We Chinese do take pride in ______________(我们取得的成就)in the last ten years.(achieve) Mother wanted to be a good provider ,a role _______________________(她一直肩负着)since her marriage to father.(shoulder) By the time the police conclude the investigation, the truth of the murder ______________________(会水落石出) (light) ______________________________ (有巨大的增长) in the number of tele-workers in recent years and by 2100 it will have risen to 85%.(growth) 3.经常考查现在进行时的被动语态 现在进行时表示一种赞扬或评的感情色彩,现在进行时表示将来时用于一 些位移发生改变的词语;经常考查过去进行时以及被动语态;将来进行时表示在将来的某个时刻正要发生的动 作,如 at this time tomorrow、this time next week。 ---Has Li Lei finished his work? ---I have no idea, but he ___________________(做实验)when I saw him this morning.(conduct) This time tomorrow,we_________(在听)a lecture by a visiting professor from aboard.(listen) 4.For+一段时间若表示的在过去发生的动作,和现在没有联系时只能用过去时。 ----You speak good French! ----Thanks. I_____________(学过法语)in Sichuan University for four years.(study) 5. 时间、条件状语从句中通常用现在时表示将来时;祈使句加 and、or 再加上将来时的句子。 If the building project to be completed by the end of this month ____________(推迟),the construction company will be fined.(delay) ___________(产生问题)if you don’t know enough about the mountain you are climbing.(arise) 6.主动形式表示被动意义 系动词 look、feel、sound、smell、taste、seem、appear、go、prove、turn(颜色、数字、零冠词的名词)+ 形容词或者名词; 表示主语的某种属性的词:read、 write、 act、 cut、 draw、 drive、 sell、 wash、 clean、 wear/open、 cook、lock、shut 等。 The door won’t lock. This coat dries easily. The plan worked out wonderfully. The engine won’t start. The pen writes smoothly. A product__________________________(会更畅销)if promoted with a slogan. 题型训练

1. Till now, serious damage ____________________ (引起) by a powerful earthquake which swept across Wenchuan in Sichuan Province on May 12, 2008. (cause) 2. After the meeting, Premier Wen Jiabao walked onto the platform, seated himself in a chair and ____________________ (准备回答问题). (prepare) 3. Thee new bridge ____________________ (设计出) by the end of 1ast month. (design) 4. Rainforests ____________________ (砍伐) at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. (cut) 5. The woman _______________ (受骗) by the businessman’s offer of marriage and stupidly gave him most of her money. (take) 6. When and where to go for the on-salary holiday ____________________ (还没决定) yet. (decide) 7. One year ago, we ____________________ (搬到乡下) to get a healthier life and environment to raise our two sons. (move) 8. He will have learned English for eight years by the time he ____________________ (大学毕业) next year. (graduate) 9. At this time tomorrow we ____________________ (飞过大西洋). (fly) 10. A new cinema ____________________ (在建) here and it is hoped to be finished next month. (build) 11. Nowadays, the government ____________________ (尽全力采取措施) to prevent the spread of the A/H1N1 flu. (try) 12. In my childhood, my grandma ____________________ (经常提醒)me to pay attention to my table manners. (remind) 13. You needn’t hurry her, ____________________ (她会完成) the work by the time you are ready. (finish) 14. Shirley ____________________ (在写一本书) last year but I don’t know whether she has finished it. (write) 15. Mr. Smith ____________________ (在这所学校工作) for twenty years when he holds a party next week. (work) 16. I’ve brought my tennis things along in case we ____________________ (有时间比一次赛) tomorrow. (have) 17. I don’t think Jim saw me; he ____________________ (凝视着) me sky. (stare) 18. The thief ____________________ (正巧被注意到) when he was stealing a wallet from a woman. (happen) 19. It was the third time that she ___________________ (得到通知) that she had to attend the meeting the next morning. (inform) 20. No sooner ____________________ (到实验室) than he set out to do the experiment. (get) 英文心灵鸡汤-做到最好 They say “Make the best of a bad situation”. But I believe the bad situation makes the best of you. Even the irritations (烦恼) of life can be useful. President Abraham Lincoln showed us how this is so. 人们常说: “用最好的办法处理逆境。 ”但我相信逆境会让你做到最好,就连生活中让你烦恼的事都可能会 有用处的。亚伯拉罕?林肯总统就向我们展示了这一点。 One of his cabinet appointees , Edwin Stanton, frequently found flaws (缺陷) with the president and criticized him ---- sometimes in public. Lincoln seemed to show excessive (过多的) patience with him. The president was asked why he kept such a man in a high level position. 他手下的一名内阁官员埃德温?斯坦顿经常找他的缺点,并以此指责他——有时候还在公开场合这样做。林 肯对他似乎一直都很忍让。有人问总统为什么要把这样一个人放在高层位置上。 Lincoln characteristically responded with a story. He told about a time he was visiting with an old farmer. He noticed a big horsefly biting the flank of the farmer’s horse. Lincoln said he reached over to brush the fly away. As he did so, the farmer stopped him and cautioned, “Don’t do that, friend. That horsefly is the only thing keeping this old horse moving.” 林肯的回答很特别,他讲了一个故事。他说有一次他去拜访一位老农,注意到一只大马蝇正在咬马的肋腹。 林肯说他伸手去驱赶那只马蝇,但老农阻止了他,并警告说: “别赶它,朋友。那只马蝇是唯一能让这匹老马活 动的东西。 ” Even life’s many irritations and problems have their place. They may cause us to change directions. Or prod (刺激) us to greater achievement. Or keep us moving along when it’s easier to go nowhere. 即便是生活中许多令人烦恼和棘手的事情都有它存在的必要。 它们或许会让我们改变方向, 或许会促使我们 取得更大的成就,或许会在我们容易懈怠的时候促使我们继续前进。 Are you simply making the best of a bad situation, or will it make the best of you? 你是用最好的办法处理逆境,还是在它的促使下做到最好?


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