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Chapter 5 education,media and holidays


英语国家概况 Guide to English-Speaking Countries
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Chapter 5 Ed

ucation, Media and Holiday
英 语 国 家 概 况

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

CONTENT

I
II III

Education
Media Holidays and Festivals

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

I

Education

Educational Policy Educational System

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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Educational Policy

? Compulsory education for all children between the ages of 5 and 16 ? Comprehensive schools introduced in the 1960s ? National Curriculum introduced in 1988 ? Four stages: ?primary ?secondary ?further education ?higher education

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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Educational System

?Elementary and Secondary Education

?Two parallel school systems:
? State system:11-year compulsory education ? Independent system—Public schools

? “sixth form” (2 years)
?Higher Education ?Famous Universities

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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Elementary and Secondary Education

? Two parallel school system: ?State system—local authority maintained 94%

?(Free to all children between the ages of 5—16)

?Independent system—Public schools 6%
?(Parents pay for their children's education)
? National curriculum:

?Compulsory in state school ?Optional in independent school
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Elementary and Secondary Education State System

? state system—11-year compulsory education

? 5-11: primary schools (co-educational/ mixed

? 11-16: secondary schools
(90% are comprehensive schools) GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education)

schools)

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Elementary and Secondary Education State System (Cont.)

? “sixth form” (2 years) ? A-levels (General Certificate of Education—Advanced)

? GNVQs (General National Vocational Qualifications)
—for vocational training

—for universities admittances

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Elementary and Secondary Education Independent System

? the most famous — Eton, Harrow and Winchester
? 6 percent of all British children ? A privilege for the rich

? Better funded ? Better teachers ? Better facilities ? Better chance to enter famous universities
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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Eton

? The royal family thinks the school is just the place for Wills. In this selfcontained world, titles confer no privileges, and the prince is probably not the only boy with a bodyguard. Foreign leaders’ children and scions (子孙) of Greek shipping magnates bring them along too. "William is as near to normal at Eton as someone in his position wont to be. Many people there are richer than he is. There are many people whose family relationships are even more complex than his."
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Prince William

Eton

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Higher Education

? Recruitment base on:

? Grades of A-levels, GNVQs ? School references ? Interview
? Mostly funded by central government grants

? Except Buckingham University

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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Higher Education (Cont.)

? Buckingham University is the only privatelyfinanced university in UK, where students can finish 3 years’ courses in two years, and its curriculum changes flexibly according to market demands

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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Higher Education (Cont.)

Q. What’s the difference between time range required for degrees in British higher education system and the time range in Chinese higher education system?
Degrees Awarded B.A. / B.S. M.A. / M.S. Time range required in UK
3 years
1 or 2 years

Time range required in China
4 years
2 or 3 years

Doctoral degree

3 to 5 years

3 to 5 years

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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Famous Universities
Top 10 Britain University in 2007

1. University of Cambridge 2. University of Oxford 3. Imperial College (London) 4. London School of Economics 5. University of St. Andrews 6. University College London 7. University of Bristol 8. University of Warwick 9. University of Bath 10. University of Durham

剑桥大学 牛津大学 帝国学院(伦敦) 伦敦政治经济学院 圣安德鲁斯大学 伦敦大学学院 布里斯托大学 华威大学 巴斯大学 达勒姆大学

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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Famous Universities (Cont.)

? Oxford University and Cambridge University are sometimes referred to collectively as Oxbridge.

Oxford Crest

Cambridge Crest

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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Famous Universities (Cont.)

The Mathematical Bridge (at Queens’ College, Cambridge University )
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A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Cambridge’s contributions to Science

Many of the most important scientific discoveries and revolutions were made by Cambridge alumni [校友]. These include:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Understanding the scientific method, by Francis Bacon The laws of motion, by Sir Isaac Newton The discovery of the electron, by J. J. Thomson The unification of electromagnetism, by James Clerk Maxwell The discovery of hydrogen, by Henry Cavendish Evolution by natural selection, by Charles Darwin The Turing machine, the basis of modern computers, by Alan Turing 8. The structure of DNA, by Francis Crick and James D. Watson
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

II

Media

Newspapers

Television and Broadcast

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Newspapers

? Long established industry ? The Observer (first appeared in 1791)
—still published every Sunday

? The Times (first published in 1785)

—the world’s oldest national newspaper —the Britain’s oldest daily newspaper

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Newspapers (Cont.)

Two categories ? The “quality press” or “broadsheets”

? “Big Three”

? The Times—in-depth article, well-educated
audience ? The Guardian—left wing ? The Daily Telegraph

? The “tabloids”

? Scandal and gossip

? The News of the World
Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Television and Broadcast

? The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) 1936 ? Independent Television (ITV) 1955 ? Sky TV 1989 ? British Satellite Broadcasting

BSkyB 1990

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

III

Holidays and Festivals

Trooping the Color Easter

Christmas

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Christmas

? Celebration of the birth of Jesus Christ ? Exchanging gifts and Christmas cards ? Preparing holiday foods ? Decorating homes and workplaces with colored lights, Christmas trees and ornaments

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Easter

? The oldest and most important Christian festival ? Commemorates the Resurrection of Jesus Christ three days after his Crucifixion ? Falls on a Sunday between March 22 and April 25 ? Easter eggs, Easter bunny

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Trooping the Color

? The second Saturday in June (the Queen’s birthday is officially celebrated) ? The ceremony of the Queen inspecting her troops

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Bonfire Night

? A national festival on November 5 ? Historical event celebrated: In November 1605, the gunpowder plot took place in which some Catholics plotted to blow up the English Parliament and King James I.

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

A Guide to English-Speaking Countries

Bonfire Night

?Celebration:

?Light huge bonfire ?Let off fireworks ?Burn an effigy (homemade
model of a man, like a scarecrow)

Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press

英 语 国 家 概 况


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