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【珍藏精品】2011届高考第一轮总复习高考满分练兵场:高三册Units15-16


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2011 届高考第一轮总复习满分练兵场
高三册 Units15-16
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Some of the studies show positive results, ______(鉴于,然后) others do not. 2.How much do yo

u think Mr. Brown’s ______(每年的) income is? 3.His father is a bus driver by ______(职业). 4.She was angry, ______(然而), she listened to me. 5.There is no evidence that the diet pills have any ______(有益的) effect on weight loss. 6.Our school calls for us to do some ______(志愿的) work during summer holiday. 7.When will dinner be ready? We are simply ______(饿死) for food. 8.He decided to give away his ______(财产) to his country. 9.We must ______(致力于) our effort on improving education. 10.He refuses to ______(承认) the need for reform. [答案] 1.whereas 2.annual 3.occupation 4.nevertheless 5.beneficial 6.voluntary 7.starving 8.possessions 9.concentrate 10.acknowledge Ⅰ.完成句子(湖北专用) 1.We help adopted children who want to ____________.(与亲生父母亲取得联系) 2.He ____________(骗走了我的许多钱). 3.Do you have ____________(上个月的这份) of this magazine? 4.He’s perfectly ____________(满足于居住) in the mountain and paints pictures all day. 5.It’s difficult ____________(要接近这个大人物). 6.He ____________(强调了合作的重要性). 7.I will ____________(对??负责) the task. 8.The government ____________(没有采取措施来制止污染). 9.Her ideas were no longer ____________(与??一致) ours. 10.Please ____________(抹去鞋子上的泥). [答案] 1.get in touch with their natural parents 2.cheated me out of a lot of my money 3.last month’s issue 4.content to live 5.to gain access to the VIP 6.stressed the importance of cooperation 7.take (the) responsibility for (charge of) 8.took no action to stop the pollution 9.in harmony with 10.wipe the mud off your shoes Ⅱ.单项填空 1.—Have you ______ your application form, Janet? —Not yet. A. sent off B. sent up C. sent for D. sent out 2.It was not easy for him to get ______ his friends in such hard situation. A. in connection to B. in touch with C. in contract with D. in relation to 3.The passengers were sent to the nearest hospital ______ after the accident happened.

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A. shortly B. nearly C. instantly D. dearly 4.Surely it doens’t matter where the student associations get their money from; what ______ is what they do with it. A. counts B. applies C. stresses D. functions 5.I wouldn’t think it ______ to ask him to ______ the club—he’ll only refuse. A. worthwhile; join B. worthwhile; join in C. worthy; join D. worthy; join in 6.He was eager ______ work, for he could not imagine life without it. A. at B. for C. on D. of 7.______ this problem, we don’t have to draw a conclusion now. A. In respect of B. In many respects of C. In the respect of D. In respects of 8.Nowadays, some young people are very ______ about their clothes and hairstyles. A. special B. interest C. curious D. particular 9.______ by Li Lei’s example, they felt more confident about themselves. A. Being inspired B. Inspired C. To inspire D. Having inspired 10.You can’t see through a telescope unless it is ______ correctly to your sight. A. adapted B. adopted C. adjusted D. accustomed 11.It was just a ______ comment; I didn’t mean it to be taken so seriously. A. uniform B. casual C. humorous D. formal 12.Cycling is highly ______ to people’s health and the environment. A. fashionable B. beneficial C. changeable D. suitable 13.______ giving a general introduction to computer, the course also provides practical experience. A. In exchange for B. Except for C. In addition to D. Due to 14.Scientists say it may be five or six years ______ it is possible to test this medicine on human patients. A. since B. after C. before D. when 15.(2010· 湖南浏阳一中期末) Is it true ______ the rain stops, it will be as hot as in the summer here? A. when B. that when C. whenever D. that [答案] 1. A。 此题考查动词短语辨析。 句意: “珍妮特, 你寄出你的申请表了吗?”“还没有。 ”send off“寄 出”;send up“发出,射出”;send for“召唤,派人去请”;send out“分发,散发”。根据题意选 A。 2.B。此题考查短语辨析。句意:对于他来说,在这么困难的情况下和他的朋友取得联系并不容易。 get in touch with“与??取得联系”;in connection to“与??有关”;in relation to“关于,涉及,与?? 相比”。故选 B。 3.A。此题考查副词辨析。句意:事故发生之后不久,旅客们就被送到了最近的医院。shortly after 为固定结构,充当连词,意为“不久以后”;instantly“立即地,即刻地”,本题强调“发生后不久”, 且 instantly 后面不能跟 after,故排除此项;nearly“几乎”;dearly“深深地”。故选 A。 4.A。句意为:学生会资金来源想必并不重要,重要的是他们如何使用这笔钱。count 作动词意为“值 得考虑,有价值”。apply“应用;申请”;stress 为及物动词,意为“着重,强调”;function“运转;起 作用”。 5.A。本题考查形容词辨析和动词搭配。句意:我认为不值得邀请他加入俱乐部——他只会拒绝。第 一个空 worthwhile“值得??”,符合题意;而 worthy“有价值的”,固定短语 be worthy of“值得的”。

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第二个空考查 join 的用法。join+名词“参加,加入(团体)”,join in+名词“参加(活动)”,join...in 意为 “加入(团体)中参加(活动)”。这里是指加入俱乐部“这个团体”,所以用 join+名词这种形式。根据题意 选 A。 6.B。句意:他渴望工作,因为他无法想象没有工作的生活会是什么样。be eager for 是固定搭配,意 为“渴望,渴求”。 7.A。in respect of“关于;就??而言”。 8.D。be particular about“对??过分讲究,挑剔”;be interested(和介词 in 搭配)“对??感兴趣”; be curious about“对??好奇”。 9.B。考查过去分词作状语的用法。原句陈述的是过去的事实,并没有强调正在进行,因此 A 项是错 误的;再者,they 应是“受到鼓励”,因此要用被动形式。 10.C。adapted“适应的”;adopted“采用的”;adjusted“调整的”;accustomed“习惯于的”,只 有 C 项是符合题意的。 11.B。casual“随便的”;uniform“一致的,同样的”;humorous“幽默的”;formal“正式的”。 12.B。beneficial (to)“对??有益”;fashionable“时髦的”;changeable“可变的”;suitable“适 合的”。 13.C。句意:除了对电脑进行系统的介绍,这门课程还提供实践操练。in addition to“除了??之外 (还有)”;in exchange for“以??交换”;except for“除了??之外(常表示所除去的和整体是非同类事 物)”;due to“由于”。 14.C。本题考查连接词的用法。句意:科学家们说,可能要过五、六年后才有可能在病人身上试验 这种药。 当表达“多久后才??”时, 我们常用句式 It will be/may be/was...before...。 而 It is/has been...since... 意为“自从??以来已有多久。”在此不合题意。 15.B Ⅲ.阅读理解 A Today about 70 countries use Daylight Saving Time (DST). Daylight Saving was first introduced during World War I in Australia. During the world wars, DST was used for the late summers beginning January 1917 and 1942, and the full summers beginning September 1942 and 1943. In 1967, Tasmania experienced a drought (干旱). The State Government introduced one hour of daylight saving that summer as a way of saving power and water. Tasmanians liked the idea of daylight saving and the Tasmanian Government has declared daylight saving each summer since 1968. Persuaded by the Tasmanian Government, all states except two passed a law in 1971, for a test use of daylight saving. In 1972, New South Wales, South Australia and Victoria joined Tasmania for regular daylight saving, but Queensland did not do so until 1989. Tasmania, Queensland and South Australia have had irregular plans, often changing their dates due to politics or festivals (节日). For example, in 1992, Tasmania extended (延长) daylight saving by an extra month while South Australia began extending daylight saving by two weeks for the Adelaide Festival. Special daylight saving plans were made during the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. The differences in daylight saving in Australia continue to cause serious problems in transport and many other social activities. It also reduces the number of hours in the working day that are common to all centers in the country. In particular, time differences along the east coast cause major difficulties, especially for the broadcasters of national radio and television. 1.Daylight Saving Time was introduced in Tasmania ______. A. to stop the drought in 1967 B. to support government officials C. to pass a special law in the state D. to save water and electricity 2.According to the text, which state was the last to use DST? A. Victoria. B. Queensland. C. South Australia. D. New South Wales. 3.What can we learn about DST in some Australian states? A. It doesn’t have fixed dates.

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B. It is not used in festivals. C. Its plan was changed in 2000. D. It lasts for two weeks. 4.What do we know about the use of DST from the last paragraph? A. There exist some undesirable effects. B. It helps little to save energy. C. It brings about longer working days. D. Radio and TV programs become different. B Nowadays, people in China are increasingly interested in celebrating foreign festivals, especially those western festivals. A survey conducted recently by sina. com showed that among the 18,222 people surveyed 63.90% said celebrating Christmas is just another way of recreation, nothing serious, while 17.85% surveyed considered the festival as a fashion act, showing they were not “out”. These two parts clearly indicate the general opinion of the young. 10.45% people involved said the celebration of a religious western festival with so much enthusiasm is absolutely ridiculous pursuit of foreign goodness. Only 7.80% of the people define Christmas as a kind of festival colonization(殖民). The arising of celebrating foreign festivals clearly has something to do with the advancement of China’s economy. In my point of view, Christmas and other festivals celebrated in China have difference from the origin. They have lost their religious background and turned into a big occasion to have fun and enjoy life. Shop owners’ pockets are filled, the public’s hunger for happiness is filled, and that is enough. Foreign festivals in China are more like carnivals giving people pleasure and enjoyment. The crisis(危机) of traditional Chinese festivals that are losing their attraction may be linked to the culture tradition and background of the festivals. Most Chinese festival culture is related more or less to real life. “The country is based on its people while the people are relied on their food”. But the western culture shows much of romance. Some festivals have their religious background while others have much to do with culture and people. At this point, food seems to be too plain. Flowers and chocolates are more welcomed. Foreign festivals in China today are celebrated for fun. They give people opportunities to relax and celebrate, to show appreciation and gratefulness. The acceptance of foreign festivals generally depends on the openness of the public, the familiarity with the western culture, and most importantly, on people’s economic status. 5.From the survey we know that among the people surveyed ______. A. most think celebrating foreign festivals is ridiculous B. many fear that traditional Chinese festivals will disappear soon C. some think that celebrating foreign festivals is a sign of foreign goodness chasing D. half think celebrating foreign festivals makes people not go out of fashion 6.The writer thinks that foreign festivals celebrated in China ______. A. have lost their religious background B. are the same as those celebrated in the West C. can give more fun than traditional Chinese festivals D. may reduce the hunger of public people 7.What is the main difference between foreign festivals and traditional Chinese ones? A. Foreign festivals can make Chinese shop owners’ pockets full quickly. B. The food at foreign festivals is too simple. C. Chinese festivals always have something to do with culture. D. Foreign festivals are romantic while traditional Chinese ones are connected with reality. 8.Which of the following may NOT be the reason why so many people accept foreign festivals? A. People can relax themselves. B. People can show their thanks to others. C. Foreign festivals have longer histories than Chinese ones. D. People have known more about the western culture. [答案] 1. D。 这是一道推断题。 根据第二段第二句“The State Government introduced one hour of daylight saving that summer as a way of saving power and water.”可知 Tasmania 政府为了节约电力和水引入了夏时制。 2.B。这是一道推断题。根据第二段最后一句“...but Queensland did not do so until 1989.”可以推断出

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Queensland 是最后一个使用夏时制的州。 3.A。这是一道推断题。根据倒数第二段“Tasmania, Queensland and South Australia have had irregular plans”可以推断出夏时制并没有固定的起止期限。 4.A。这是一道归纳题。最后一段介绍了夏时制引起的其他一些变化,如对交通运输、电视广播、工 作时间的影响等,说明夏时制还带来了一些意料之外的效果。 如今,中国人对西方的节日越来越感兴趣,而中国的传统节日越来越不受人们的重视,原因何在呢? 中西方两种文化有何不同之处,西方节日在中国处于一个什么样的地位,接受西方的节日是对是错?读完 这篇文章,相信我们会得到答案。 5.C。细节理解题。A 项只有 10.45%的人如此认为,most 一词错误;B 项 will disappear soon 错误; D 项只有 17.85%的人这么认为,很明显,half 一词错误;依据文章第二段倒数第二句可知 C 项正确。 6. A。 细节理解题。 依据文章第三段第三句中的“They have lost their religious background and turned into a big occasion to have fun and enjoy life.”可知,A 项正确;依据第三段中的 have difference from the origin 可知 B 项错误;C 项文章没有进行比较;D 项文章用的是 the public’s hunger for happiness is filled,而非 饥饿,故答案为 A。 7.D。细节理解题。A 项错误,文章第三段提及商家挣到了钱,公众的幸福感得到了满足,而并非外 国的节日能够让店主的钱包迅速地鼓起来;B 项 too simple 与原文不符;C 项不是区别,两种节日都与文 化有关。依据文章第四、五两段可知,D 项正确,两种节日的区别在于西方的节日浪漫,而中国的节日则 与实际生活密切相关。 8.C。细节理解判断题。文章没有提及中国的节日与西方的节日相比谁的历史更悠久,故 C 项错误。


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