Words and expressions
If winter comes, can spring be far behind?
Shelley--- Ode to the west wind
Those sweet memories
Try to think back and remember some poems from your early childhood. Can you remember any poems you have read in high school, either in Chinese or in English? Can you recite any?
Quiz in Chinese traditional poems
Can you recite the Chinese traditional poems according to their English translation? Let’s have competition.
If you would ask me how my sorrow has increased, Just see the over-brimming river flowing east! 《虞美人》 问君能有几多愁，恰似一江春水向东流。 ———李煜
How long will the bright moon appear? Wine-cup in hand, I ask the sky.
I do not know what time of year, It would be tonight in the palace on high.
水调歌头 明月几时有？把酒问青天。 不知天上宫阙，今夕是何年？ ——— 苏轼
I look for her in vain. When all at once I turn my head, I find her there where lantern light is dimly shed.
众里寻他千百度， 蓦然回首， 那人却在， 灯火阑珊处。
Till, raising my cup, I asked the bright moon, To bring me my shadow and make us three.
Wildfire never quite consumes them -They are tall once more in the spring wind.
Can you find something like a poem? Twinkle, twinkle, little star How I wonder what you are Up above the world so high
Like a diamond in the sky
Rhyme and rhythm are essential to poetry. Without rhythm, there wouldn’t be poems.
诗歌 诗人 诗歌（总称） 韵, 压韵的词 (n.) 压韵 (v.) 节奏 (n.) 有节奏的 (adj.)
poem poet poetry
A Few Simple Forms of English Poems
Scanning: Scan the poems and fill in the following form.
Describes a person?
Tells a story
Describes an aspect of a season?
√ √ √ √ √ √
Is about sport?
Is about things that don’t make sense?
Is recited to a baby?
√ √ √ √ √ √
Describes a river scene? Has rhyming words at the end of lines?
Repeats words or phases?
２戏剧诗( Dramatic poems) ３故事诗( Metrical Tale) ４民谣 (Ballad) ５抒情诗(lyric) 这四种为叙事诗
Fast reading 1. Why do people write poetry? 2. How many kinds of poems does the text mention? What are they?
Simple forms of poems
Para 1: Brief introduction Para 2: Nursery rhymes
Para 3: List poems Para 4: Cinquain poems Para 5: Haiku poems
Para 6: Tang poems
Why do people write poems?
to tell a story to express feelings to recall an enjoyable or unpleasant incident to make others laugh to tell the life or friendship to delight the kids to describe the seasons or scenes for entertainment as the lyrics of a song
Nursery rhymes Read Para 2 and find out the characteristics of nursery rhymes. strong rhythm strong rhyme a lot of repetition
Listen to it and try to clap the beat. Underline the pair of rhyming words.
Nursery rhyme(童谣) Hush, little baby, don’t say a word, Papa’s going to buy you a mockingbird. If that mockingbird won’t sing, Papa’s going to buy you a diamond ring. If that diamond ring turns to brass, Papa’s going to buy you a looking glass. If that looking-glass gets broke, Papa’s going to buy you a billy-goat. If that billy-goat runs away, Papa is going to buy you another today.
List poems Read Para 3 and answer the following question. What are list poems like? repeat phrases Some have rhyme while others do not.
Listen and underline the pair of rhyming words in Poem B.
I saw a fish-pond all on fire,
I saw a house bow to a squire,
I saw a person twelve-feet high, I saw a cottage in the sky, I saw a balloon made of lead, I saw a coffin drop down dead,
[ai?] [ai] List poem [e] (清单诗) [ei]
I saw two sparrows run a race, I saw two horses making lace,
I saw a girl just like a cat, [? ] I saw a kitten wear a hat, I saw a man who saw these too, And said though strange they all were true.
Our first football match
We would have won… if Jack had just scored that goal, if we’d had just a few more minutes, if we had trained harder, if Ben had passed the ball to Joe, if we’d had thousands of fans screaming, if I hadn’t taken my eye off the ball, if we hadn’t stayed up so late the night before, if we hadn’t taken it easy, if we hadn’t run out of energy, We would have won…
POEM C : Answer the following questions
1. Did his team win the game? No 2. How many excuses did they make to explain why they didn’t win? Nine 3. Does the speaker really believe his own excuse? No If no, what is the reason for their failure?
The reason why they failed is that they are not good enough.
Cinquain poems Read Para 4 and answer the following question. How many lines is the cinquain made up of? Five lines. Listen and observe Poem D and E carefully. Try to find out the characteristics of the two poems.
Cinquain (五行诗) (poem D and E)
Brother Beautiful ,athletic
---one word (topic) ---two adjs
Teasing, shouting ,laughing
---three verbs with –ing
Friend and enemy too mine
Summer Sleepy, salty Drying, drooping, dreading Week in, week out Endless
Does the speaker like the topic?
E: No. The reader gets the feeling that the speaker
cannot wait. The words drooping, dreading, week in, week out and endless convey this feeling.
Haiku poems Read Para 5 carefully and find out the similarity and difference between Cinquain and Haiku . Similarity: easy to write a clear picture convey a special feeling
Difference: 5 lines 17 syllables
Enjoy two poems
Haiku (俳句诗 ) A fallen blossom
is coming back to the branch.
look, a butterfly!
Snow having melted, The whole village is brimful of happy children (by Issa)
Poem H: Tang Poem Read this poem and answer the following questions. What is the story that the poem tell? Tell the story in your own words.
Where she awaits her husband,
On and on the river flows 1. What’s the title ?
Never looking back,
Transformed into stone. Day by day upon the mountain top, wind and rain revolve. Should the journeyer return, this stone would utter speech.
(by Wang Jian)
望夫石 A.蝶恋花 王健 B.竹枝词 望夫处，江悠悠。 C.望夫石 化为石，不回头。 D.一剪梅
Which of the following words can convey the woman’s feelings
A. D. G. loneliness B. joy C. love trust E. anger F. hate sorrow
The woman may have the feelings of : loneliness: she was alone watching her husband on the mountain top. love: trust: sorrow: she waited year after year despite wind and rain. she believed her husband would come back one day. year after year, she waited and waited without seeing any hope of her husband’s coming back, she was very sad.
They have strong rhyme and a lot of Nursery Rhymes repetition.
They are made up of 17 syllables, and give a picture and a special feeling. They repeated phrases and some rhyme, and easy to write.
They are made up of 5 lines, and convey Cinquain a strong picture, and easy to write. Their translations have a free form. Tang Poems
1. All the following make small children like nursery rhymes EXCEPT: A. strong rhyme B. strong rhythm C. much meaning D. a lot of repetition 2. What kinds of poems can be written by the students themselves easily?
A. List poems and cinquain.
B. Tang poetry and cinquain.
C. Haiku and nursery rhymes.
D. Cinquain and nursery rhymes.
3. Children who learn and recite nursery rhymes can easily ____ A. form the ability of writing poems B. learn about their language C. make progress in studies D. produce love to their parents
4. Which of the following are English speakers interested in copying? A. Chinese and Japanese poems B. Chinese and French poems C. Japanese and American poems D. Japanese and Russian poems
Discussion : which poem do you like best? Give reasons.
Choose one of these forms, and try to write a poem in groups, and tell why you write the poem.
Nursery rhyme List poem
Haiku Tang poem
A Grain of Sand
To see a world in a grain of sand, And a heaven in a wild flower, Hold infinity in the palm of your hand, And eternity in an hour . 一沙一世界 一花一天堂 手心握无限 须臾纳永恒
If I eat one more piece of pie, I’ll die! If I can’t have one more piece of pie, I’ll die! So since it’s all decided I must die, I might as well have one more piece of pie. MMM-OOOH-MY! Chomp-Gulp-Bye.
List poem (列举诗)
what, is love Love is giving
Love is living ,
Love helps them along the road. Love is caring, Love is sharing,
Poetry plays with sounds ,words and grammar.
Love is taking someone’s load(负担）,
Love will seek the best for others, Love treats everyone as brothers .
爱是一路帮助他人。 爱是关怀， 爱是分享， 爱是为别人争取最好， 爱是将人人当成兄弟。 Reading poetry brings people from different places and different times together.
Sunshine Lovely, cheerful Warming, welcoming, calming I sing with you Brightness
A Rainbow Haiku(俳句)
Curving up, then down. Meeting blue sky and green earth Melding（合并） sun and rain.
A SPRING MORNING
I awake light-hearted this morning of spring, Everywhere round me the singing of birds, But now I remember the night, the storm, And I wonder how many blossoms were broken.
春晓 春眠不觉晓，处处闻啼鸟． 夜来风雨声，花落知多少．
In the quiet night So bright a gleam on the foot of my bed--Could there have been a frost already? Lifting myself to look, I found that it was moonlight. Sinking back again, I thought suddenly of my home. 静夜思 By Li Bai 床前明月光，
疑是地上霜。 举头望明月， 低头思故乡。
I left home young , I return old. Speaking as then, but with hair grow thin; and my children, meeting me, do not know me. They smile and say: Stranger, where do you come from?
Are poems good for our life?
What can we get from poems?
1. Poems bring passion (激情)to our life. 2. Poems help us to understand life, virtues, beauty and romance. 3. Poems make us know we are here and that we can make our life and the world more colorful and beautiful!