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甘肃省甘谷县第一中学2015届高三上学期第一次检测考试英语试题


甘谷县第一中学 2015 届高三上学期第一次检测考试 英语试题
第一部分 第一节 阅读理解(共两节,6 篇 满分 52 分) A Like many new graduates, I left university full of hope for the future but with no real idea of what I wanted to do.My degree,with honors in English literature had not really prepared me for anything practical.I knew I wanted to make a difference in the world somehow,but I had no idea how to do that.That’s when I learned about the Lighthouse Project. I started my journey as a Lighthouse Project volunteer by reading as much as I could about the experiences of previous volunteers. I knew it would be a lot of hard work, and that I would be away from my family and friends for a very long time.In short,I did not take my decision to apply for the Lighthouse Project lightly.Neither did my family. Eventually,however,I won the support of my family,and I sent in all the paperwork needed for application.After countless interviews and presentations,I managed to stand out among the candidates and survive the test alone. Several months later, I finally received a call asking me to report for duty.I would be going to a small village near Abuja,Nigeria. Where? What? Nigeria? I had no idea.But I was about to find out. After completing my training,I was sent to the village that was small and desperately in need of proper accommodation.Though the local villagers were poor,they offered their homes, hearts, and food as if I were their own family. I was asked to lead a small team of local people in building a new schoolhouse.For the next year or so,I taught in that same schoolhouse.But I sometimes think I learned more from my students than they did from me. Sometime during that period, I realized that all those things that had seemed so strange or unusual to me no longer did,though I did not get anywhere with the local language,and I returned to the United States a different man.The Lighthouse Project had changed my life forever. 1.What do we know about the author? A.His dream at university was to become a volunteer. B.His university education focused on theoretical knowledge. C.He took pride in having contributed to the world. D.He felt honored to study English literature. 2.According to Paragraph 2,it is most likely that the author______. A.discussed his decision with his family B.asked previous volunteers about voluntary work C.attended special training to perform difficult tasks D.felt sad about having to leave his family and friends 3.In his application for the volunteer job,the author_______. A.participated in many discussions B.went through challenging survival tests C.wrote quite a few papers on voluntary work
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D.faced strong competition from other candidates

B I was never very neat, while my roommate Kate was extremely organized.Each of her objects had its place, but mine always hid somewhere. She even labeled(贴标签)everything. I always looked for everything.Over time,Kate got neater and I got messier.She would push my dirty clothing over,and I would lay my books on her tidy desk.So we both got tired of each other. War broke out one evening. Kate came into the room. Soon, I heard her screaming, “Take your shoes away! Why under my bed!” Deafened, I saw my shoes flying at me. I jumped to my feet and started yelling.She yelled back louder. The room was filled with anger.We could not have stayed together for a single minute but for a phone call.Kate answered it.From her end of the conversation,I could tell right away her grandma was seriously ill.When she hung up,she quickly crawled(爬)under her covers,sobbing.Obviously,that was something she should not go through alone.All of a sudden, a warm feeling of sympathy rose up in my heart. Slowly, I collected the pencils, took back the books, made my bed, cleaned the socks and swept the floor,even on her side.I got so into my work that I even didn’t notice Kate had sat up. She was watching, her tears dried and her expression was such disbelief. Then, she reached out her hands to grasp mine.I looked up into her eyes.She smiled at me, “Thanks. ” Kate and I stayed roommates for the rest of the year.We didn’t always agree,but we learned the key to living together:giving in, cleaning up and holding on. 6.What made Kate so angry one evening? A.She couldn’t find her books. B.She heard the author shouting loud. C.She got the news that her grandma was ill. D.She saw the author's shoes beneath her bed. 7.The author tidied up the room most probably because_____. A.she was scared by Kate’s anger B.she hated herself for being so messy C.she wanted to show her care D.she was asked by Kate to do so
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8.How is Paragraph 1 mainly developed? A.By analyzing causes. B.By showing differences. C.By describing a process. D.By following time order. 9.What might be the best title for the story? A.My Friend Kate B. Hard Work Pays Off C. How to be Organized D. Learning to be Roommates C Here is some must-know information from a handbook on how people behave in doing business in some countries. In Brazil(巴西) Brazilians are warm and friendly.They often stand close when talking and it is common for them to touch the person on the shoulder . People often greet each other (particularly women)with light cheek kisses . Schedules tend to be flexible , with business meetings sometimes starting later than planned.But to be safe,be on time.Meals can stretch for hours--there’s no such thing as rushing a meal in Brazil.Lunches also can start in the mid to late afternoon.Brazilians are social,preferring face-to-face communication over emails or phone calls. In Singapore Singaporeans shake hands when they meet and often also greet each other with a small , polite bow.Business cards should be offered and received with two hands.Arriving late is considered disrespectful. So be on time. Efficiency(效率)is the goal, so meetings and dealings often are fast-paced.Singaporeans are direct in their discussions,even when the subject is about money.Rank is important and authority is respected.This determines how people interact in meetings. For example, people avoid disagreeing outright with someone of a higher rank. In the United Arab Emirates In the UAE, status (地位) is important, so the most senior or oldest should be greeted first with their titles.The handshake seems to be longer than elsewhere.So do not pull away from the handshake.Women should cover themselves when it comes to dress.Men also tend to be covered from neck to elbows(肘部)and down to the knees. People do not avoid entertaining in their homes, but they also hold business meals at restaurants.Touching or passing food or eating with your left hand is to be avoided.When meetings are one-to-one, if your host offers you coffee,you should refuse.It might seem odd,but it is a cultural tradition.Coffee should only be accepted if it is already set out or presented. In Switzerland The Swiss tend to be formal and address each other by last name.They also are respectful of private lives.You should be careful not to ask about personal topics.Punctuality(守时)is vital,something that comes from a deep respect for others’ time.Arrive at any meeting or event a few minutes early to be safe . They also have clear structure in their companies.Higher-ups make the final decisions,even if others might disagree.Neat,clean dress is expected.The Swiss follow formal table manners.They also keep their hands visible
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at the table and their elbows off the table.It is polite to finish the food on your plate. 10.The passage is mainly about_______. A.communication types B.the workplace atmosphere C.customs and social manners D.1iving conditions and standards 11.Why do Singaporeans avoid arguing with their boss? A.They put efficiency in the first place. B. They dislike face-to-face communication. C.They want to finish meetings as quickly as possible. D.They are supposed to obey the person of a higher rank.

D By knowing what kind of learner you are,you can organize your study to best suit your particular way of learning. Visual learning style These learners like to draw,build,design and make things.They like looking at pictures and enjoy jigsaw puzzles and mazes.They tend to think in pictures rather than words. Verbal learning style These learners are very good at listening and are often very good speakers and story tellers. They think in words rather than pictures. They like to read and write, and usually have good memories for such things as names,dates and places. Logical learning style These learners are very logical. They easily recognize numerical and word patterns and look for logical connections between ideas.They like to figure things out for themselves and love solving problems.They enjoy working with abstract(抽象) ideas. Bodily learning style These learners like to move around a lot and to touch objects and people.They often wave their hands around when they are talking.They are good at physical activities,such as sport and dancing,and they enjoy making things with their hands. Naturalistic learning style These learners love to be outside.They are interested in nature and are usually fond of animals.They are often involved with nature conservation groups.They are excellent at planning picnics and other outdoor activities.They like to understand how things in nature work. Music learning style These learners appreciate music.They are usually good at singing or playing musical
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instruments and can often compose(作) music.They are often very sensitive to noises around them and are sometimes easily distracted(分散注意力) by background noises. Interpersonal learning style These learners like to be surrounded by people.They usually have lots of friends and like to join groups and clubs.They ale often the leaders of any group they join and they are very good peace makers. Intrapersonal learning style These people are quite happy in their own company. They spend a lot of time thinking about things such as their dreams and hopes and their relationships with other people.They prefer to work alone and to follow their own interests. 14.If a person usually puts things into categories and sorts when thinking,he is most probably________. A.a bodily learner B.a visual learner C.a logical learner D.a verbal learner 15.Naturalistic learners learn best_________. A.through music and rhythm(旋律) B.in a natural setting rather than a built environment C.with pets around them D.in the condition that there is loud natural noise 16.An intrapersonal learner may be different from an interpersonal learner in the way that_________. A.he(she)is not good at communicating with others B.his(her)individual ability is rather good C.he(she)is slow in thinking out the answers to problems D.his(her)relationship with others is always bad 17.The best title for this passage would be____________. A.How Should You Learn? B.How to Learn Best C.Choose Your Style D.Learning Styles E Perhaps you think you could easily add to your happiness with more money.Strange as it may seem, if you’re unsatisfied, the issue(问题) is not a lack of means to meet your desires but a lack of desires--not that you cannot satisfy your tastes but that you don’t have enough tastes. Real riches consist of well-developed and hearty capacities(能力)to enjoy life.Most people are already swamped(淹没)with things.They eat,wear,go and talk too much.They live in too big a house with too many rooms, yet their house of life is a deserted hut(茅屋). Your house of life ought to be a mansion(豪宅),a royal palace. Every new taste,every additional interest,every fresh enthusiasm(热情) adds a room.Here are several rooms your house of life should have. Art should be a desire for you to develop simply because the world is full of beautiful things.If you only understood how to enjoy them and feed your spirit on them,they would make you as happy as to find plenty of ham and eggs when you’re hungry.
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Literature,classic literature,is a beautiful,richly furnished room where you might find many an hour of rest and refreshment.To gain that love would go toward making you a rich person,for a rich person is not someone who has a library but who likes a library. Music like Mozart’s and Bach’s shouldn’t be absent.Real riches are of the spirit.And when you’ve brought that spirit up to where classical music feeds it and makes you a little drunk.you have increased your thrills and bettered them.And life is a matter of thrills. Sports,without which you remain poor,mean a lot in life.No matter who you are,you would be more human,and your house of life would be better supported against the bad days, if you could,and did,play a bit. Whatever rooms you might add to your house of life,the secret of enjoying life is to keep adding. 18.The author intends to tell us that ________. A.true happiness lies in achieving wealth by fair means B.big houses are people’s most valued possessions C.big houses can in a sense bring richness of life D.true happiness comes from spiritual riches

第二节 七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) There is one thing that everyone wants more than anything else.___22. They think that when they have enough money to buy such things as houses,farms,and cars,they will have the thing that everyone wants. Other people believe that if they know enough they will find this thing. 23___. Still others think that if they have power,they will find this thing.Some people keep telling themselves:“When I'm a boss,I will no longer have to search for this thing.” What is it that everyone wants more than anything else? What is it that all of us keep working and striving(奋斗)for each day? 24 Happiness is a strange thing. 25 .What will make one man happy may not make another man happy.Some men say that happiness comes from helping others;other men say that happiness comes from making life more pleasant for everyone.What do you mean when you say “ That makes me happy. ” ?
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26 . Perhaps you will learn something that will bring you peace of mind, comfort, money or it may be what you search for--- happiness. A.It is happiness. B. It does not mean the same to all men. C.They study all their life in search of it. D.Happiness means the same to everyone. E. Some people try to get it by making money. F.When one man feels happy,another man will feel sad. G.Read what different people have said about happiness. 第二部分 英语知识运用 完形填空(共两篇, 32 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 48 分 A From my second grade on,there was one event I feared every year:the piano recital(独 奏会).A recital__27__I had to practice a boring piece of music and perform before strangers.Each year I___28 ask my father if I could skip the recital “just this once”.And each year he’d shake his head,muttering(嘀咕) 29 about building self-confidence and working towards a 30 . So it was with really great 31 that I stood in church one recent Sunday,video camera in hand,and 32 my 68-year-old father sweating in his shirt 33 rising to play the piano in his very first recital. My father had longed to play music since childhood, but his family was poor and couldn’t 34 lessons.He could have gone on regretting it, 35 too many of us do.But though he was rooted in his past,he wasn’t 36 there.When he retired three years ago,he 37 his church music director to take him as a student. For a moment after my father sat down at the keyboard,he 38 stared down at his fingers. Has he forgotten the 39 ? I worried,remembering those split seconds 40 ago when my mind would go blank and my fingers would 41 .But then came the beautiful melody(旋 律),from the 42 fingers that once baited(装饵于)my fishing lines.And I 43 he had been doing what music teachers always stress: 44 the music and pretend the others aren’t there. “I'm 45 of him for starting something new at his age, ”I said to my son Jeff. “Yeah,and doing it so 46 , ”Jeff added. With his first recital, my father taught me more about courage and determination than all the words he used those 30-plus years ago. 27.A.reflected B.explained C.meant D.proved 28.A.would B.could C.might D.should 29.A.nothing B.everything C.anything D.something
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30.A.goal 31.A.trouble 32.A.kept 33.A.through 34.A.miss 35.A.as 36.A.educated 37.A.allowed 38.A.roughly 39.A.words 40.A.decades 41.A.play 42.A.same 43.A.predicted 44.A.pass over 45.A.ashamed 46.A.casually

B.stage B.satisfaction B.sent B.from B.afford B.once B.protected B.invited B.simply B.videos B.weeks B.freeze B.warm B.realized B.turn up B.aware B.anxiously B

C.journey D.chance C.strength D.disappointment C.watched D.felt C.against D.before C.select D.understand C.if D.while C.stuck D. spoiled C.inspired D.persuaded C.merrily D.curiously C.notes D.lessons C.hours D.moments C.click D.adjust C.different D.dirty C.imagined D.insisted C.concentrate on D.bring in C.tired D.proud C.nicely D.frequently

People in communities have slowly been pushed apart over the years,mostly because people simply aren’t taking the time to say a simple “hello”.After considering this phenomenon,I decided I was going to 47 the way I was doing things. My 48 came one morning when I was in the community library . I passed by a girt who 49 her books out of her locker(夹子) .Thinking like most that someone else would help her pick them up,I continued my way.However,when I had to 50 because I stupidly forgot my book,I noticed she had just finished packing them up by herself.No one had stopped to 51 her. “OK,”I thought to myself,“this is where I should have changed.” My best opportunity came a few days later when I saw a man 52 by himself waiting for the library to open, so I sat down next to him and began a 53 .It was difficult to get started,and even when I had to say goodbye,almost every 54 from my new friend had a tone(语气)of doubt in it.And who could blame him? People aren’t used to making an 55 chat with a stranger.But a change,no matter how 56 it is needed, doesn’t just happen. It takes people like us to make it possible. I 57 you to take a small step out of your comfort zone and try to make someone’s day a little brighter. Together,we can really make society come 58 as a whole. 47.A.change B.explain C.1earn D.show 48.A.trouble B.doubt C.wish D.opportunity 49.A.took B.dropped C.got D.pulled 50.A.go back B.stand by C.come out D.turn up 51.A.please B.greet C.help D.praise
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52.A.sitting 53.A.discussion 54.A.joke 55.A.unchangeable 56.A.desperately 57.A.allow 58.A.1ater

B.walking C.riding D.running B.lesson C.report D.conversation B.cry C.response D.story B.Unprepared C.unforgettable D.unfinished B.frequently C.simply D.widely B.warn C.order D.advise B.straighter C.closer D.Slower 第 II 卷(共两节,满分 50 分)

第三部分 英语知识运用(共 10 小题 每小题 1 分 满分 10 分) 阅读下面材料在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。 Jonny Hey! I’m just practicing Tai Chi(太极. Would you like to join me? Peter I know nothing about it. Is it difficult? Jonny It seems easy, but you need a great deal of practice. You just follow me just like this. Peter:OK-Don’t laugh 59 me.I may look funny. Jonny: Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree branches, naturally and 60 (soft).Try to keep your body straight.Move slowly,then be sure to keep your balance and Don’t let your body shake. Peter:I cannot control my body well.My legs become 61 (pain). Jonny:Keep 62 (hold) your position for a while.It helps develop your strength and flexibility.Raise your leg and let 63 stay in the air for seconds. Peter:I feel my legs shaking.I cannot do this any longer. Jonny:Be patient! Tai Chi 64 (call)“shadow boxing”in English.It asks you to act like water:to be flexible as well 65 strong.In real competition,a Tai Chi master borrows the strength of the competitor and uses this energy to fight back.The 66 (hard) you try to beat him,the more likely you will get hit.He controls you! Peter:Unbelievable!Oh?, 67 you don’t mind,I'll stop and take a deep 68 . 第四部分 写作 (共两节 40 分) 第一节. 短文改错 (共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) Yesterday was my mother birthday.My father and I planned to give him a surprise.In the morning,like usual,my father and mother went to work but I went to school at eight o’clock.My mother seemed to have forgotten her birthday.At four o’clock in the afternoon my father bought a bunch of flowers as well a lot of good food my mother likes to eat. I bought my mother large and beautiful birthday cake.When my mother got home,she was greatly surprised by that she saw. All that we had done made her very happily.After supper,I asked my mother to sit down and watched TV.My father began to clean the floor and I set out to doing the washing-up. 第二节. 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是星光中学的高中毕业生李华,母校将为高一新生
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举办主题为“What to learn in senior high school?”的英语沙龙活 动,特邀请你结合自身经历谈谈自己的体会。请根据以下提纲 准备一份英语发言稿。 1.学会学习:方法、习惯等; 2.学会做人:真诚、友善等; 3.其他方面:考生自拟。 注意:1.词数 120 左右; 2.发言稿开头和结尾已给出,不计人总词数。 Good morning,everyone! It is my honor to be here to share with what to learn in senior high school. you my opinions on

Thank you. Li hua

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甘谷一中 2014-2015 学年度第一学期高三级第一次检测考试 英语参考答案

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写作: (满分 25 分)

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