Nelson Mandela—a modern hero
Warming Up & Reading (Ⅰ)
Ⅰ.课文理解 1．Elias had to leave school because ________. A．he was too y
oung B．he didn’t like to study C．his school was far away from his home D．his family could not continue to afford the school fees and the bus fare 2．When Elias first met Nelson Mandela，________. A．life was difficult for Elias C．Elias was at school 3．In 1952，Mandela was a ________. A．worker C．teacher 4．In Elias’ eyes，Mandela was ________. A．silent and helpful C．kind and helpful 5．What’s the purpose of Mandela’s work? A．To help the poor become rich. B．To build a new government. C．To make black and white people equal. D．To help the black beat the white. 6．As a leader of South Africa，Nelson Mandela helped prisoners of Robben Island by ________. A．giving them an education C．putting the guards in prison Ⅱ.课文缩写 Elias is a poor black worker in South Africa.When he first met Mandela he was in a difficult 1.________ of his life.He 2.________ school at six.But he had to leave because his family could not 3.________ to pay the school fees and the bus fare.When he got a job，he was 4.________ B．giving them money D．giving them a job B．rich but selfish D．poor but kind B．president D．lawyer B．Mandela was in trouble D．Elias was a very good worker
about being out of work because he didn’t have a passbook.Then Mandela，who offered 5.________ to poor black people on their 6.________ problems，told him what to do and helped him.When Mandela 7.________ the ANC Youth League， Elias joined it.At that time， black people couldn’t 8.________ or choose their leaders，get the job they 9.________ and had to live in the parts of town which were decided by white people.With the help of Mandela they chose to 10.________ the laws，fought against the white people with 11.________.In 1963 he helped 12.________________ some government buildings，though it was 13.________ for him，because he knew it would help them 14.________ their dream of making black and white people 15.________. Ⅲ.用适当的介、副词填空 1．It was in 1952 and Mandela was the black lawyer ________ whom I went ________ advice. 2．He offered guidance ________ poor black people ________ their legal problems. 3．He was generous ________ his time，________ which I was grateful. 4．The school where I studied ________ only two years was three kilometres ________. 5．The parts of town ________ which they had to live were decided ________ white people. 6．We first broke the law ________ a way which was peaceful. 7．It was very dangerous because if I was caught I could be put ________ prison. 8．He gave ________ a rich life for his ideas and fought ________ his country to be free ________ the UK in a peaceful way. Ⅳ.用课文中的词语替换划线部分 1．I needed his help because I had very little schooling.________ 2．The school in_which I studied for only two years was three kilometers away.________ 3 ． However, this was a time during_which one had got to have a passbook to live in Johannesburg.________ 4．It_was_sad_that I did not have one because I was not born there.________ 5．In_fact,_I don’t like violence.________ 6． I was happy to help because I knew it would help us realize our dream of making black and But white people equal.________ Ⅴ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1．My mother is a ________(self) woman, who often helps those faced with difficulties. 2．It is hoped that the problem will be solved in a ________(peace) way. 3．Mandela was once a ________(law), whom the poor often asked for advice. 4．Under his father’s ________(guide), Peter had made great progress in his study. 5．According to the law, women shall enjoy the ________(equal) in rights to vote in our country.
6．The ________(illegal) age of being allowed to enter a bar in the country is 18. 7．The professor was ________(devote) to his research work，caring little about any other things. 8．The school ________________(found) by a famous person in 1980. 9．I am not very ________(hope) about my chances of success. 10．It’s so ________(fair)—she gets more money for less work!
能力提升 阅读理解 Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford，England on 8th January,1942.He went to school in St Albans—a small city near London.Although he did well，he was never top of his class.After leaving school，Hawking went first to Oxford University where he studied physics，then he went to Cambridge University where he studied cosmology(宇宙学)．As he himself admitted he wasn’t very serious about studying.He was a very lazy student ， and did very little work.However，he still achieved extremely good marks. Hawking first noticed something was wrong with him at the age of 20.He started to bump into things，and often fell over for no reason.When he visited his family at Christmas time，his father was so worried that he was sent to hospital for test.Finally，the result came back.Hawking had motor neurone disease(运动神经元病)，an incurable illness which causes the muscles of the body to waste away.Doctors said he would die before he was 23. At first，Hawking became extremely depressed(忧郁的)．After a while，though，he began to see his life in a different way.As he later wrote， “Before my illness had been diagnosed(诊断)， there had not seemed to be anything worth doing.But shortly after I came out of hospital，I suddenly realized that there were a lot of worthwhile things I could do.”Hawking married，found a job at Cambridge University， where he still works today， had three children.He also went to and do some of the most important scientific research ever carried out. His story shows that nobody，however bad their situation is，should lose hope，“Life is not fair，”he once said.“You just have to do the best you can in the situation you are in.” 1．As a university student，Stephen Hawking ________. A．worked extremely hard B．studied maths and chemistry C．was lazy and did very little work D．only achieved average marks 2．Hawking first noticed something was wrong with him when ________. A．he visited his family at Christmas time one year
B．he was 20 C．his father made him see a doctor D．he was sent to hospital for test 3．What is the main idea of Paragraph 3? A．Hawking’s education. B．Hawking’s reaction(反映) to being seriously ill. C．Hawking’s views on life. D．Diagnosis of Hawking’s motor neurone disease. 4．Hawking believes that ________. A．you should always do your best however bad your situation is B．life is fair C．nobody’s life is as bad as his D．it’s OK to lose hope
基础落实 Ⅰ.1.D 2.A 3.D 4.C 5.C Ⅱ.1.period 2.began 6.A 4.worried 5.guidance 6.legal 7.organized 8.vote
9.wanted 10．attack 11.violence 12.blow up 13.dangerous 14.realize 15.equal Ⅲ.1.to；for 2.to；on 3.with；for 4.for；away 5.in；by 6．in Ⅳ.1.education Ⅴ.1.selfless 7.in 8.up；for；from
2.where 3.when 4.Sadly 5.As a matter of fact 6.achieve 2.peaceful 3.lawyer 4.guidance 5.equality 6.legal 7.devoted 8.was
founded 9．hopeful 10.unfair 能力提升 1．C 2．B 3．B 4．A