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2016春高中英语 Unit 5 Nelson Mandela-a modern hero Section Ⅰ Warming Up,Pre-reading,Reading 课件


Unit 5 Nelson Mandela — a modern hero

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【文章导语】Nelson Mandela was the most famous pacifist in Africa,even in the world in the 1990s.He

was finally elected the first black president of South Africa and won great reputation and was honoured as “the Global President”. 纳尔逊· 曼德拉是20世纪90年代非洲乃至世界政坛上一位最耀眼 的和平主义者。他最终当选为南非历史上第一位黑人总统,享有崇 高的声誉,被誉为“全球总统” 。

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Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela,born near Transkei,South Africa on July 18,1918,was one of the great political leaders in the world.His lifelong efforts to the fight against racial① oppression② in his country won him the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize.

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He was educated at University of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand and qualified③ in law.He joined the African National Congress (ANC)in 1944. In 1961 the ANC considered his advice on the use of violent actions and agreed that those members who wished to involve④ themselves in Mandela’s movement would not be stopped from doing so by ANC. In 1962 Mandela was arrested and in 1964 he was sentenced to prison for life.From 1964 to 1982,he was kept at Robben Island Prison.

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During his years in prison,Nelson Mandela’s reputation⑤ grew.He was widely accepted as the most important black leader in South Africa.He was set free on February 11,1990.After being released from prison,he devoted himself to his life’s work,trying to achieve the goals he and others had set out almost four decades⑥ earlier.In 1991,Mandela was elected President of the ANC. In 1993,Nelson Mandela won the Nobel Peace Prize.In 1994,he became President⑦ of South Africa.He died of illness on December 5,2013.

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译文: 纳尔逊· 曼德拉 纳尔逊· 曼德拉,1918年7月18日出生于南非特兰斯凯附近,他是世 界上伟大的政治领袖之一。他一生致力于与国家的种族压迫作斗 争,这使得他获得了1993年诺贝尔和平奖。 他在福特尔大学和维特沃特斯兰德大学接受教育,并获得律师资 格。他在1994年加入了非洲国民大会(非国大)。 1961年非国大接受了他使用暴力的提议,同时表示非国大将不阻 止那些希望参加曼德拉运动的成员们。 1962年曼德拉被捕,1964年他判终身监禁。从1964年到1982年, 他一直被关在罗本岛监狱。

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在坐牢期间,纳尔逊· 曼德拉的名声越来越大。他被公认为南非 最重要的黑人领袖。纳尔逊· 曼德拉在1990年2月11日被释放。释 放后,他致力于他毕生的事业,努力实现将近40年他和其他人所制 定的目标。1991年曼德拉当选为非国大主席。 1993年,纳尔逊· 曼德拉获得诺贝尔和平奖。1994年,他当选为南 非总统。2013年12月5日,他因病去世。

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①racial /?reI?l/ adj.种族的 ②oppression /??pre?n/ n.压迫的 ③qualified /?kw?lIfaId/ adj.有资格的;得到许可的 ④involve /In?v?lv/ vt. 使参与 ⑤reputation /?repju?teI?n/ n.名声;名誉 ⑥decade /?dekeId/ n.十年 ⑦president /?prezId?nt/ n.主席,董事长,总统

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After being released from prison,he devoted himself to his life’s work,trying to achieve the goals he and others had set out almost four decades earlier. 译文:释放后,他致力于他毕生的事业,努力实现将近40年他和其 他人所制定的目标。 剖析:本句是一个复合句。其中After引导的是一个时间状语从句; 在主句中v.-ing短语trying to achieve...作伴随状语;he and others had set out almost four decades earlier 是一个定语从句,修饰先行词the goals。

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1.How old was Nelson Mandela when he joined the ANC? 答案:He was 26 years old. 2.How many years was Mandela kept at Robben Island Prison? 答案:Eighteen years. 3.What can be inferred from the passage? A.Mandela was a great and brave man. B.Mandela was treated badly in his country. C.Mandela supported the people all over the world. D.Mandela was welcomed by all the people. 答案:A

Section Ⅰ Warming Up,Pre-reading,Reading & Comprehending











一、写作词汇 预习Reading部分的词汇,完成下列小对话或语篇。 1.—Whatqualities (品质)do you think Mr Wang has? —He is hard-working,friendly,determined,generous and so on. 2.—The man is often praised by his boss,isn’t he? —Yes.He is devoted (专心)to his work. 3.—How can I make friends with others? —You should be active (活跃的)in group activities(活动). 4.—I have been out of work (失业)for about two months. —I’m sorry to heart that.











5.Mrs Li is a kind woman. As a matter of/In fact (事实上),when others are in trouble (处于困境),she is ready to help them.Besides,she treats all the people equally (平等地).And sometimes when I come across difficulties,I turn to (求助于)her for help.A week ago,she was elected (选举)as the kindest person in my village.I decide to learn from her and become a kind person.











二、阅读词汇 预习Reading部分的词汇,写出画线部分的汉语意思。 Since the People’s Republic 1. 共和国 of China was founded 2. 建立 in 1949,it has been developing all the time.All the Chinese people do their best to make China a peaceful 3. 和平的/安宁的 ,beautiful,strong country.As a middle school 青年团 student who joined Youth League 4. three years ago,I am willing 5. 乐意的/自愿的 to work hard for my country’s future.











While-reading 三、阅读ELIAS’ STORY,选择正确答案 1.This text is mainly about . A.a black man named Elias and his hard life in South Africa B.Mr Mandela’s life-long struggle for the black people’s rights C.Elias’ description of his contact with Mr Mandela D.the deep friendship between Elias and Mr Mandela 答案:C











2.Elias had to leave school when he was quite young because . A.he couldn’t catch up with other students in his study B.his home was too far away from school C.his family was too poor to pay the money needed for his study D.he wanted to work with Mr Mandela eagerly 答案:C 3.Was Elias happy to help blow up some government buildings? A.No,because he disliked violence. B.Yes,because he wanted to thank Mr Mandela for his help. C.No,because he thought he might be caught and put into prison. D.Yes,because making black and white people equal was his dream. 答案:D











4.From Mr Mandela’s saying,we can get a conclusion that . A.Mr Mandela wanted to break the law in a violent way in the beginning B.black people had been given more rights C.black people should rise up to fight for their own rights after years of being ruled D.they could force the government to give up easily 答案:C











Post-reading 四、阅读ELIA’S STORY,回答下列问题 How many parts can the text be divided into?Give the general idea of each part.

答案:Two parts. Part Ⅰ:(Paras.1-2)The life of Elias before he met Nelson Mandela. Part Ⅱ:(Paras.3-5)The change of Elias’ life after he met Nelson Mandela and what Mandela did.











五、阅读ELIA’S STORY,说出下列句子代表了曼德拉的什么品质 1.He offered guidance to poor black people on their legal problems. 2.He told me how to get the correct papers so I could stay in Johannesburg. 答案:1.Helpful. 2.Kind and intelligent.

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1.And what qualities does a great person have?(P33) 一个伟人有什么样的品质? ★考点:quality n. 质量;品质;性质 ①【高考典句】(2015· 天津高考) The quality of education in this small school is better than that in some larger schools. 这所小学校的教育质量比一些规模较大的学校好多了。 ②Quality often matters more than quantity. 质量往往比数量更重要。 ③Modesty is one of his good qualities. 谦虚是他的美德之一。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出quality的词组及含义。 ④Our products are of high quality. 我们的产品是高质量的。 词组:of high quality 含义:高质量

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1)quality相对应的是quantity(数量) 2)quality作为“特点;品质”讲时,为可数名词;作为“质量”讲时,为不 可数名词。

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2.active(P33) 积极的;活跃的 ★考点:active adj. 积极的;活跃的 ①【高考典句】(2015· 广东高考)As our society grows old,we need the contribution of our older citizens.With long lives ahead of them,they need to stay active and be devoted. 随着我们的社会老龄化,我们需要这些老年公民们的贡献。前面 还有很长的寿命,他们需要保持积极的心态和奉献的精神。 ②Play with them outside,and be active. 和他们进行室外活动,要积极点。

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考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,指出active的词组及含义。 ③She has taken an active part in all past contests. 她积极参加历次比赛。 词组:take an active part in 含义:积极参加…… ④Although he is old,he is active in politics. 尽管他年龄大了,但仍活跃在政坛上。 词组:be active in 含义:积极于 ⑤I don’t know whether this mountain is an active volcano. 我不知道这座山是否是一座活火山。 词组:active volcano 含义:活火山

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⑥Can you tell me something about active voice? 你能告诉我一些关于主动语态的事情吗? 词组:active voice 含义:主动语态 2)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义。 ⑦The club provides a wide variety of activities including tennis,swimming and squash. 这家俱乐部提供丰富多彩的活动,诸如网球、游泳、壁球等。 词性:名词 含义:活动 ⑧I’ve never been an activist before. 我以前从来都不是个积极分子。 词性:名词 含义:积极分子

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⑨Your proposal is being actively considered. 你的建议正在被积极考虑。 词性:副词 含义:积极地/活跃地 ⑩He did not act upon my order. 他没有按我的命令行动。 词性:动词 含义:行动 Excellence,then,is not an act,but a habit. 因此,优秀不是一种行为,而是一种习惯。 词性:名词 含义:行为

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active用法归纳: take an active part in 积极参加…… be active in 积极于 active volcano 活火山 active voice 主动语态 activist n. 积极分子 actively adv. 积极地,活跃地 act v. 行动 n. 行为

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3.A great person is someone who devotes his/her life to helping others.(P33) 伟人是把自己的人生致力于帮助别人的人。 剖析:本句是一个复合句,其中who devotes his/her life to helping others是一个定语从句,修饰先行词someone。 ①Are you ready to help those who are in trouble? 你乐意帮助那些处于困境的人吗?

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★考点:devote vt. (与to连用) 献身;专心于 ②【高考典句】(2015· 四川高考)The emotional,physical and mental energy mothers devote to their children can be neverending,but children are also sources of great joy and happiness. 妈妈在孩子身上投入的情感、体力和精神精力是无止境的,但孩 子也是妈妈巨大的快乐和幸福的源泉。 ③Mr Wei decided to devote his whole life to the cause of teaching. 魏先生决心把一生献给教育事业。 ④When I came into his office,Mr Brown was devoting himself to reading newspapers. 当我走进布朗先生的办公室时,他在专心看报纸。

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考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,指出devote的宾语形式。 ⑤The young man devoted himself to science. 这个年轻人致力于科学。 宾语形式:反身代词oneself ⑥I have devoted my time/energy/money/life to agriculture. 我已把我的时间/精力/金钱/生命投入到农业中去了。 宾语形式:one’s time/energy/money/life

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2)阅读下列句子,指出devote的词组及含义。 ⑦Whatever we do,we should be devoted to (doing) our work. 不论我们干什么,我们都应该专心于我们的工作。 词组:be devoted to (doing) sth 含义:专心于;致力于 ⑧She is devoted to her husband. 她深爱她的丈夫。 词组:be devoted to sb 含义:对某人忠心/深爱某人

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devote用法归纳: devote是及物动词,常用one’s time /energy /money /life /oneself 等作宾语。 be devoted to (doing)sth专心(做)某事 be devoted to sb对某人忠心;深爱某人 devotion n.献身;奉献;热爱 devoted adj.专心的;忠实的;深爱的 devotedly adv.忠实地;一心一意地

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4.The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life.(P34) 第一次见到纳尔逊· 曼德拉的时候, 是我一生中非常艰难的时期。 剖析:本句是一个定语从句,when引导的是一个定语从句,修饰先 行词The time。 ①【高考典句】(2015· 陕西高考)As the smallest child of his family,Alex is always longing for the time when he should be able to be independent. 作为家中最小的孩子,阿莱克斯总是渴望自己能够独立的日子。

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②The time when she studied in the United States was the nicest period for her. 她在美国学习的那段时间对她来说是最美好的时期。 ★考点:period n. [C]一段时间,时期 ③All these changes happened over a period of time. 所有这些变化都是在一段时间内发生的。 ④There were many important events in/during this period. 在这一时期发生了许多重大的事件。

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period词组归纳: a period of time 一段时间 in/during this period 在这一时期

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5.Sadly I did not have one because I was not born there,and I worried about whether I would become out of work.(P34) 糟糕的是我没有身份证,因为我不是在那里出生的,我担心我是 否会失业。 剖析:本句是由and连接的两个并列句,在第一个分句中,because引 导的是一个原因状语从句;在第二个分句中,whether引导的是一个 介词宾语从句,此时不能用if来替换。

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★考点:out of work 失业 ①He was out of work when the factory closed. 他在工厂倒闭后失业了。 ②Out of work for almost a year,he finally found one. 失业都快一年了,他终于找到了一份工作。 考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出be out of work和lose one’s job/work的不同 用法。 ③He lost his job/work three years ago,which means he has been out of work for three years. 他三年前失业了,这意味他失业三年了。 用法:lose one’s job/work表示“失业”,侧重失业的动作;而be out of work表示“失业”,侧重失业的状态。

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out词组归纳: out of order 混乱;发生故障 out of control失去控制 out of date过时 out of patience失去耐心 out of mind心不在焉 out of breath气喘吁吁 out of reach够不着 out of danger脱离危险

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6.Black people could not vote or choose their leaders.(P34) (当时)黑人无权投票或选择自己的领导人。 ★考点:vote vt.& vi.投票;选举 n. 投票;选票;表决 ①【高考典句】(2013· 福建高考)It has really helped me to improve my confidence and social skills as well as my school grades and I was voted most improved pupil at school in August. 它真的帮助我提高自信心和社交技能,也提高了我的分数。八月 份我被选为学校进步最大的学生。 ②There are 52 votes for Mr Williams,and 3 against. 52票支持威廉姆斯先生,3票反对。 ③The plan was passed by 6 votes to 3. 这项计划以6票对3票通过。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出vote的词组及含义。 ④The chairman asked us to vote on the bill. 主席要我们对议案进行表决。 词组:vote on 含义:对……进行表决 ⑤Many of us vote for/against the plan. 我们许多人投票赞成/反对这个计划。 词组:vote for/against 含义:投票赞成/反对

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⑥Your proposal has been voted through/down. 你的提议被投票通过/否决。 词组:vote through/down 含义:投票通过/否决 ⑦The whole nation will vote to elect the new president tomorrow. 明天全民将投票选举新总统。 词组:vote to do sth 含义:投票做某事

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vote词组归纳: vote on 对……进行表决 vote for/against 投票赞成/反对 vote through/down 投票通过/否决 vote to do sth 投票做某事

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7.We chose to attack the laws.(P34) 我们选择向法律进攻。 ★考点:attack vt. 进攻;攻击;抨击 ①【高考典句】(2014· 江西高考)Anyone traveling in the park has to go in a car because wild animals may fiercely attack people. 任何在公园里旅行的人都必须坐车前去,因为野生动物可能会凶 猛地攻击人。 ②The disease began to attack his lungs. 疾病开始侵袭他的肺部。 ③All of them attacked that government’s new policy. 他们都抨击了那个政府的新政策。

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④【高考典句】(2015· 安徽高考) When an individual ant comes under attack or is dying,it sends out an alarm pheromone to warn the colony to prepare for a conflict as a defense unit. 作为一种防御系统,当一只蚂蚁遭到进攻或快要死亡的时候,它 会发出警告外激素来告诫蚁群为冲突做准备。 考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出attack的词组及含义。 ⑤He got a serious heart attack. 他得了严重的心脏病。 词组:heart attack 含义:心脏病

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⑥The writer made an attack on/against the company. 那位作家抨击了那家公司。 词组:make an attack on/against 含义:对……发动进攻/抨击 ⑦When did they begin to launch an attack? 他们什么时候开始发起进攻? 词组:launch an attack 含义:发起进攻 ⑧The city was under attack. 那座城市正遭到攻击。 词组:under attack 含义:遭到攻击/袭击 ⑨The air attack killed many people,including some children. 那次空袭造成许多人死亡,其中包括一些儿童。 词组:air attack 含义:空袭

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attack词组归纳: make an attack on/against对……发动进攻/抨击 launch an attack发起进攻 under attack遭到攻击/袭击 air attack空袭

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8....only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.(P34) ……只有到这个时候,我们才决定用暴力反抗暴力。 ★考点:“only+状语(通常是副词、介词短语或状语从句)”置于句 首构成的倒装句型 ①Only then did we begin to work hard. 直到那时我们才开始努力工作。 ②Only in this way can you learn English well. 只有用这种方法你才能学好英语。

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③【高考典句】(2015· 天津高考) Only when Lily walked into the office did she realize that she had left the contract at home. 直到莉莉走进办公室,她才意识到自己把合同落在家里了。 ④【高考典句】(2015· 湖南高考)Only after talking to two students did I discover that having strong motivation is one of the biggest factors in reaching goals. 只有和两个同学谈话后,我才发现有强烈的动机是达到目标的最 大因素之一。 考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,指出only的用法。 ⑤Only one student passed the exam. 只有一个学生考试及格。 用法:“only+名词”置于句首时,句子不倒装。

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2)阅读下列句子,指出not only...but also...的用法。 ⑥Not only does he study well,but also he is ready to help others. 他不仅学习好,而且还乐于助人。 用法1:not only...but also...连接两个句子时,not only紧跟的分句要 用部分倒装语序。 ⑦Not only you but also he gets up early every morning. 不但你而且他每天早上起床都很早。 用法2:not only...but also...连接两个并列主语时,谓语动词采取就 近原则,不用倒装语序。

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9.As a matter of fact,I do not like violence...but in 1963 I helped him blow up some government buildings.(P34) 事实上,我并不喜欢暴力……但是在1963年的时候,我帮助他炸 毁了一些政府大楼。 ★考点一:as a matter of fact 事实上;实际上 ①【高考典句】(2014· 浙江高考)There’s no reason to be disappointed.As a matter of fact,this could be rather amusing. 没有理由失望。事实上,这可能是非常有趣的。 ②Mrs Li looks young,but as a matter of fact,she is over sixty. 李夫人看上去年轻,但实际上她六十多岁了。

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★考点二:blow up 使充气;爆炸 ③The boy blew and blew until he blew up the balloon. 那个男孩吹啊吹,直到把气球吹破了。 ④The boat blew up as they slept. 他们睡觉的时候船爆炸了。 考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,指出blow up的含义。 ⑤Why don’t you blow up occasionally? 你为什么不偶尔发次火? 含义:生气/发火

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2)阅读下列句子,指出blow的词组及含义。 ⑥The strong wind blew away the dust. 大风把灰尘吹走了。 词组:blow away 含义:吹走 ⑦Many trees were blown down. 许多树被刮倒了。 词组:blow down 含义:刮倒 ⑧The candles were blown out. 蜡烛被吹灭了。 词组:blow out 含义:吹灭 ⑨The house had its roof blown off. 房顶被(风)刮走了。 词组:blow off 含义:吹掉

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10.But I was happy to help because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.(P34) 但是我乐于帮忙,因为我知道这是为了帮助我们实现我们黑人和 白人平等的梦想。 ★考点:equal adj. 相等的;平等的 ①Women are demanding equal pay for equal work. 妇女要求同工同酬。 ②There is an equal number of boys and girls in the class. 这个班的男女生人数相等。

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考点延伸 1)阅读下列句子,指出equal的词组及含义。 ③In my opinion,he is equal to (doing) the job. 我认为,他胜任这项工作。 词组:be equal to (doing)sth 含义:胜任(做)某事 ④One centimetre is equal to 10 millimetres. 1厘米等于10毫米。 词组:be equal to 含义:等于 ⑤It is equal in size to a turkey.它的大小和火鸡一样。 词组:be equal in sth 含义:在某方面平等/相等 ⑥Her beauty is without equal. 她的美无与伦比。 词组:without equal 含义:无与伦比

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2)阅读下列句子,指出equal的词性及含义。 ⑦【高考典句】(2015· 浙江高考)They made reservations at restaurants where the cost of a bottle of wine equaled a college year’s monthly rent. 他们预订的饭店饭菜昂贵,一瓶酒的价格等同于大学里一个月的 房租。 词性:动词 含义:与……相等 ⑧Nobody can equal her in spoken English in our class. 在英语口语方面,我们班没人能比得上她。 词性:动词 含义:比得上

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3)阅读下列句子,指出黑体词的词性及含义。 ⑨【高考典句】(2014· 陕西高考)Men and women must be treated equally in education and employment. 在教育和就业方面,男女一定要被平等对待。 词性:副词 含义:平等地 ⑩They are fighting for the equality of women. 她们在为争取妇女的平等而奋斗。 词性:名词 含义:平等

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equal用法归纳: be equal to (doing)sth胜任(做)某事 be equal to等于…… be equal in sth在某方面平等/相等 without equal无与伦比 equally adv.平等地 equality n.平等

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11.Elias went to see Nelson Mandela when he was in trouble.(P35) 伊莱亚斯处于困境时,去拜访过纳尔逊· 曼德拉。 ★考点:in trouble在危险、受罚、痛苦、忧虑等的处境中 ①I have been in trouble since I was eleven years of age. 我从11岁起就麻烦不断。 ②We are in trouble now;there is no time for argument. 我们现在处境艰难,没有时间争论。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出trouble的词组及含义。 ③If you dare to disturb me,you will ask for trouble. 如果你敢打扰我,那你就是自找麻烦。 词组:ask for trouble 含义:自找麻烦 ④They had trouble (in) finding the teacher’s house. 他们费了很大的劲才找到那位老师的家。 词组:have trouble(in)doing sth 含义:做某事有困难 ⑤If you get into trouble,I’ll step out and help you out. 如果你遇到麻烦,我一定站出来帮助你走出困境。 词组:get into trouble 含义:陷入困境

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⑥The parents try their best to get their children out of trouble. 父母尽力帮助他们的孩子摆脱困境。 词组:get...out of trouble 含义:使……摆脱困境 ⑦I’m sorry that I have made trouble for you. 很抱歉我给你制造了麻烦。 词组:make trouble 含义:制造麻烦

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trouble词组归纳: ask for trouble自找麻烦 have trouble (in)doing sth做某事有困难 have trouble with sth做某事有困难 get into trouble陷入困境 get...out of trouble使……摆脱困境

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2)My teacher’s son is always getting trouble. 3)I have great trouble (check) my email. 完成句子 4)当我陷入困境时,他总是伸出援助之手。 He always offers help . 答案:1)for 2)into 3)checking 4)when I am in trouble

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12.Why did Nelson Mandela turn to violence to make black and white people equal?(P35) 为什么纳尔逊· 曼德拉转向使用暴力争取黑人与白人的平等? 剖析:动词不定式短语to make black and white people equal在句中 作目的状语;形容词equal作宾语补足语。 ①They are working hard to finish the task in two months. 为了在两个月之内完成这项任务,他们正在努力工作。 ★考点:turn to求助于;致力于 ②There was no one to turn to when he was studying in New York. 当他在纽约学习的时候,没有人可以求助。 ③More and more people turn to computer science. 越来越多的人从事计算机科学研究。

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考点延伸 阅读下列句子,指出turn to的含义。 ④Many people are turning to solar power because of the energy shortage. 由于能源的缺乏,很多人开始转向使用太阳能。 含义:转向 ⑤When you reach the first crossroads,turn to the right. 当你到了第一个十字路口时,向右转。 含义:向……转 ⑥Please turn to Chapter One. 请翻到第一章。 含义:翻到

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turn词组归纳: turn down关小 turn off关掉 turn on打开 turn out结果是……;证明是…… turn up交出;上交 turn in上交;归还 turn around转过身;转过来 turn over翻身;翻过

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