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外研社高中英语必修1M4


Module 4 A Social Survey—My Neighbourhood

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(2010·湖南高考)Directions: Write an English composit

ion

according to the instructions given below in Chinese.
假设你和几位同学成立了一个英语俱乐部,开展了为期两个月的 活动。现在,你将代表俱乐部在课堂上进行经验交流,请写一篇 英语发言稿,主要内容如下: 1.简要描述俱乐部开展的一项与英语有关的主要活动: 2.谈谈你们开展该活动的收获。

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注意:1.词数不少于120; 2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名。 _________________________________________________________

_________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________

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【满分作文】
Boys and girls, ①It's a great honour for me to tell you something about our English club which lasts two months.By the activities in our English club,we not only practice but also learn more English.

②For example,recently,one of our activities was about
introducing different countries in Shanghai Expo.We divided ourselves into different groups which represented different countries,such as China,Japan,America,the UK.Each group introduced“ their country's” culture,advanced technology, environment protection,new green energy.What's more,we tried to describe the development in the future.
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③Through this activity,we have a good harvest in English and improve our oral English greatly.

④All in all,I think studying English by activities,especially in
connection with recent things,is a better method. That's all.Thank you. 【高级词汇】 represent代表 what's more再者

have a good harvest in...在??方面有收获

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【佳句变换】

I feel honoured to tell you something about our English club
which was set up two months ago. For example,we took part in an activity to introduce different countries in Shanghai Expo. We know a lot of information about different countries and can

have the opportunity to improve our speaking English by having
such activities. In a word,I think it's a better way to study English by activities connected with present situations,especially those that people are concerned about.
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A

考纲词汇——思忆

1.survey n.& v.调查 2.pretty adv.很;相当 adj.美丽的 3.sound vi.听起来 4.bother vt.打扰;烦扰;麻烦

5.approach vt.接近
6.exchange vt.交换 7.afford vt.买得起;有能力支付

8.contact vt.& n.联络;联系(某人)
9 . attractive adj. 有吸引力的;吸引人的 → attract vt. 吸引 →attraction n.吸引(力)
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10.fortunate adj.幸运的;吉祥的→fortunately adv.幸运地;吉祥 地→fortune n.运气;财富→unfortunate adj.(反义词)不幸的 11.starve vi.饿死→starvation n.挨饿;饿死

12.unemployed adj.失业的;没有工作的→unemployment n.失
业→employment n.(反义词)就业→employ vt.雇用 13.occupation n.职业→occupy vt.占用;拥有 14.professional adj.专业的→profession n.专业 15.survive vi.死里逃生;大难不死→survival n.幸存→survivor

n.幸存者

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——字词入章,相得益彰 A recent survey shows that a quarter of the local workforce is

unemployed.For some,the pretty high rent for the house is
more than they can afford and some are even

starving.Fortunately,the government has taken measures to solve the problem.

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B 重要短语——识记

1.修建 put up
2.偿还;归还 pay back 3.到目前为止 so far/up to now/till now 4.摆脱 get away from 5.许多;大量 a great many/a number of

6.结果 as a result
7.做成;成功 make it

8.上升 go up

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C

经典句式——再现

1.It+be+时间段+since...自从??以来已经多长时间了 It's been six years since(自从??已经六年了 )we last saw each other,you know. 2.This is the first time(that)...这是第一次??

And this is the first time( 这是??的第一次 )I've visited your
hometown. 3.way后用that/in which引导定语从句 Cities are interesting,and they can be beautiful,but they are never beautiful in the way that(??的方式 )the countryside is

beautiful.
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4.when引导定语从句修饰times But there are times when(??的时候)I need to get out into the

countryside.

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A

核心单词——巧布点,基石奠

approach v.接近;靠近;走近;找(某人)商量 n. 接近;方法;通路 Shay's father approached one of the boys on the field. (2011·江苏卷,阅读D) 莎的父亲走近了在田里的其中一个男孩。 (1)approach sth/some place靠近某人某物/接近某地 (2)approach n.接近;通路;方法

an approach to...做某事的方法

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①The time is approaching when we must be on board.
我们上船的时间快到了。 ②The approach to the problem has not been worked out. 这个问题的解决方法还没有制订出来。 小贴士

approach作名词表示“方法”时,后经常跟介词to,而way,
method后常跟介词of

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He approached me slowly so as to approach me about the best approach to learning foreign languages. 他慢慢地向我走近,以便与我探讨关于学习外语的最好方法。

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exchange vt.& n.交换;兑换;交流 The more we specialize and exchange,the better off we'll be. (2011·湖北卷,阅读D) 我们越专业越交流我们就越顺利。 (1)exchange sth with sb与某人交换某物

exchange A for B以A换B
exchange ideas/views/information交流看法/观点/信息 (2)in exchange for以……换…… make an exchange交换
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①I'd like to exchange some pounds for dollars. 我想把一些英镑兑换成美金。

② I've offered to paint the kitchen in exchange for a week's
accommodation. 我提出粉刷厨房,条件是让我免费吃住一周。

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小贴士
在exchange students/visits(互派留学生/互访)这样的短语中,

exchange起到形容词的作用,作定语修饰后面的名词。
巧学助记

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survive v.死里逃生;大难不死;幸存

The danger exists , but knowledge can help human being to
survive. (2011·江苏卷,阅读D)

虽然存在着风险,但知识有助于人类继续生存。 survive sth经历??幸存下来 survive sb比某人活的时间长

survive on sth靠……存活下来

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①Those who survived May 12 earthquake gathered together in

memory of their lost friends.
那些在5·12大地震中幸存下来的人聚在一起纪念在地震中失去的 朋友。 ② Scientific research shows that women tend to survive their husbands.

科学研究表明妇女往往比她们的丈夫寿命长。

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Mr.Green was the only survivor who survived the earthquake.He told us he survived on a bottle of mineral water.Everyone said his

survival was a wonder.(survive)

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小贴士 survive表示“从地震、火灾、事故等中幸存下来”时,为及物动
词,其后不可接介词from。

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contact vt.& vi.接触,联系n.接触,联系;交往,交际;熟人关
系 Please contact(联系)the Enterprise Shopping Centre.

请与企业采购中心联系。
make contact with(想办法)联络,联系 get into/in contact with与……取得联系 lose contact with与……失去联系 keep in contact with与……保持联系

(2011·全国卷,阅读 E)

be in/out of contact with与……有/没有联系
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①Give the names of two people who can be contacted_in case of
emergency. 给出两个人的名字,在紧急情况下可以给他们打电话。

②Have you kept in contact with your classmates after graduation? 你毕业后和同学们还保持联系吗? 小贴士 keep/be in contact with和be out of contact with表状态,可和时间

段连用;而make/get into contact with,lose contact with表示动作, 不能和时间段连用。

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afford vt.买得起,负担得起;(有时间)做;承担得起(后果);提 供,给予

But we can't afford to send you to college.(2011· 陕西,阅读C) 但是我们供不起你上大学。 afford to do sth负担得起干某事 afford sb sth=afford sth to sb给予某人某物 ①I'd love to go on holiday but I can't afford the time. 我想去度假,可是抽不出时间来。 ②Television and the Internet afford much pleasure to many people.电视与因特网络给许多人带来很大乐趣。
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小贴士 afford意为“买得起,负担得起”时,常与can,could,be able to

连用,后接名词、代词或不定式。

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集训中心 Ⅰ.单词拼写

1.I find his way of life is very________(吸引人的).
2.It was f______ that he was saved by a passing boat. 3.He was poor and can't a______ to buy even a pen. 4.He was u______ for two months after leaving that factory. 5.Winter vacation is a______,but I still haven't decided whether

to go back home or not.
6.They ________(交换)their seats when they sat down. 7 . Of the six people in the plane that crashed , only one________(死里逃生).
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8.I'm sorry to ________(打扰)you,but can you direct me to the railway station? 9.For further details,please________(联络)the local office. 10.Though Beijing and Shanghai are different in many aspects,

they are both very________(吸引人的).
答案 1.fascinating 2.fortunate 3.afford 4.unemployed 9.contact

5.approaching 10.attractive

6.exchanged

7.survived

8.bother

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Ⅱ.单项填空

1.________the city centre,we saw a stone statue of about 10
metres in height. A.Approaching C.To approach (2010·上海,35) B.Approached D.To be approached

2 . It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or

money________favors to them.
A.in preference to C.in agreement with

(2010·湖北,30)

B.in place of D.in exchange for

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3 . Mr.Smith asked the policeman with whom he worked
to________him whenever there was an accident. A.contact C.contrast B.attract D.attack

4.Report says only eight passengers________the plane crash. A.escaped B.joined C.discovered D.survived

5.The manager says he really can't________to wait another day,

because he is so busy.
A.waste B.afford C.spend D.cost 答案 1.A 2.D
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3.A

4.D

5.B
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B 核心短语——点入线,基础建 put up举起;架起;张贴;提高(价钱)

put away储存(钱);储存……以备用;把……放在一边
put down放下;写下,记下;镇压 put on穿上,戴上;上演;假装,伪装 put off推迟,拖延 put out扑灭(火);生产;出版

put up with忍受;忍耐;受苦

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小贴士 put up(为……)提供膳宿

①They agreed to put two foreign students up over the summer.他
们同意夏季为两个外国留学生提供膳宿。 ②Firefighters soon put the fire out. 消防人员很快把火扑灭了。

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get away from离开;摆脱;逃脱 get across使通过;让……听懂 get in插话;收获

get over克服;从……恢复过来
I won't be able to get away from the office before 7.

我7点钟之前无法离开办公室。

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a great many许多;大量
①Most of the young men went off to the war,and a great many never came back.

大多数年轻人走上了战场,好多人再也没有回来。
②A great many of the students have passed the examination.许多 学生已经通过了考试。 小贴士 a great many of后接人称代词宾格形式、物主代词+复数名词或 the/those/these+复数名词。

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表示“许多”的短语有: (1)a good/great many ? ?修饰可数名词复数(作主语时, a good few/quite a few ? 谓语动词用复数) ? a large/great number of? (2)a great/large amount of? ?修饰不可数名词(作主 a great deal of ? 语时,谓语动词用单数) ? quite a little ? (3)many a/an ? ?修饰可数名词单数(作主语 ? more than one? ?时,谓语动词用单数)

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集训中心
Ⅰ.选词填空 a great many;get away from;make it;up to now;go up;put up 1.It's been a good game________but it would be nice to see a few more goals. 2 . Most young men of the village went off for the war ,

and________never came back.
3.The little boy once________his home when he was 6 years old. 4.I never thought Clare would________as an actress.
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5.You must make a decision,as the price will________next week. 答案 1.up to now 2.a great many 3.got away from

4.make it

5.go up

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Ⅱ.单项填空

1 . My mother opened the drawer to________the knives and
spoons. A.put away C.put on (2011·全国卷II,8) B.put up D.put together

2.The child should be punished.You shouldn't let

him________telling lies.
A.keep away from

(2012·潍坊模拟)
B.keep away with

C.get away from

D.get away with

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3.Today,more Chinese people speak English and China may have the________number of English speakers in the world.

A.more B.most C.larger D.largest
4.The young actress looked so charming in her beautiful dress that we took________pictures with her. A.a great many of C.the number of B.a good many D.a large amount of

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5.I tried phoning her office,but I couldn't________. A.get along C.get to B.get on D.get through

答案

1.A

2.D

3.D

4.B

5.D

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C

核心句型——线入面,灵犀现

It's been six years since we last saw each other,you
know. 你知道自从上次我们见面以来已经六年了。 It+be+时间段+since...句型意为“自从??以来已经有多长时间 了”。

在本句型中若be为is/has been,则从句用一般过去时;若be为was,
则从句中用过去完成时。

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It is two years since I began to learn English. 我开始学英语已有两年了。

小贴士

(1)since引导的从句中的动词常用非延续性动词,翻译时是肯定的, 表示“自从……”。,Mr.Li has been here since he came back.,自从

李先生回来以后,他一直在这儿。,(2)since引导的从句中的动词为
延续性动词,翻译是否定的,即动作发生时间的起点应从该动作 结束时算起,表示“自从该动作结束以来已有多久了”。,It is/has been 5 months since he lived in Beijing.,他已经有5个月不住在北京 了。
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since的用法: (1)conj.& prep.“从??以来,从??以后”,常与现在完成时及

过去完成时连用。
I have lived here since I graduated. =I have lived here since my graduation. 大学毕业后我一直住在这里。 (2)adv.“那时以来,后来,从那时起一直??” , 常与现在完成

时及过去完成时连用。
I met him ten years ago,but I have never seen him since.十年前 我见过他,后来我一直没见过他。
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(3)“It + be+一段时间+ since从句”,其中 be 可用一般现在时、 一般过去时,也可用完成时态。

It is 2 years since we saw each other.
我们两年没见面了。 (4)conj.引导原因状语从句,常位于句首,相当于now that。 Since/Now that everybody is here,let's begin the meeting.既然大 家都来了,那我们开会吧!

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And this is the first time I've visited your hometown.这是我第 一次到你的家乡来参观。 This/It is the first/second.../last time+thatclause.“这是某人第 一/二??/最后一次做某事”,that 引导定语从句,在口语中 that 常省略。 (1)当主句用一般现在时时,that 从句中的谓语用现在完成时; (2)当主句用一般过去时时,that 从句中的谓语用过去完成时。

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①It's the second time that John has held an art exhibition.这是 约翰第二次举办画展了。 ②It was the third time that she had come to this mountain village to see the children. 这是她第三次来到这个山村看望这些孩子了。 表示“是(某人)做某事的时候了”的句型有: It is time for sth It is time (for sb)to do sth It is (high) time that sb did/should do sth

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——看看高考怎么考

As is reported,it is 100 years________Qinghua University was
founded. A.when B.before C.after D.since 答案 D (2011·四川卷,6)

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集训中心

Ⅰ.单项填空
1.It is several months________the whole country started to talk about whether driving after drinking alcohol should be punished. A.before B.until C.since D.after 2.—Is this the first time you ________Chengdu?

—No.But the first time I ________here,the city wasn't so beautiful.
(2012·哈尔滨模拟) A.visited;came C.have visited;have come
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B.visited;have come D.have visited;came
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3.How long do you suppose it is________he arrived there? A.when B.before C.after D.since 4.—________your recent visit to Jinan?

—Wonderful.We visited some friends and had a good time on
Quancheng Square. A.How was C.What like B.What do you like D.How do you think of

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5.—I wonder if you could tell me what your head teacher is like. —Oh,________.

A.she likes playing volleyball
C.she likes Zhang Ziyi 答案 1.C 2.D 3.D 4.A 5.B

B.she is very lively
D.she is from Henan

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Ⅱ.翻译句子 1.他戒烟已两年了。

______________________________________________________
2.你离开上海多久了? ______________________________________________________ 3.这是我第一次参加这样的聚会。 ______________________________________________________

答案

1.It has been two years since he smoked.

2.How long is it since you were in Shanghai? 3.It is the first time that I have taken part in such a party.
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SVSC(8)主语+be+形容词+that从句

I'm very glad that

句 you were able to come.
型 SVSC(9)主语+特殊连系动词+表语 turned yellow. All the leaves have

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(1)在本句型中形容词作表语。连词that引导的从句在下列形

容词后作宾语:sure,aware,careful,certain,
determined等。that引导的从句在下列形容词后作状语: sorry,happy,glad,proud,satisfied,disappointed,

pleased等。
用 (2)常见的“特殊连系动词”可分为三类:①表示“变成某 法 种状态”意义的系动词:become,come,fall,get,go, grow,prove,run,turn,turn out。 ②表示“保持某种状态”意义的系动词:continue,die,go ,hold,keep,lie,live,remain,rest,sit,stand,stay。 ③表示“自己感觉或令人感觉”意义的系动词:appear, feel,look,seem,smell,sound,taste。
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——连句成篇
1.众所周知,2008年5月 12日发生在汶川的地震是新中国成立以 来最大的一次。 2 .很明显,它给人们带来了巨大的损失 —— 破坏了许多学校和其 他建筑,成千上万人被困或被埋在废墟中。

3.我们再一次意识到了自然的威力。
4.我们很高兴震后救援工作立刻被组织起来。 5.我们非常自豪,在很短的时间内就进行了重建家园的工作。

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【参考答案】

It is well-known that the earthquake which happened in wenchuan
on May 12,2008 was the largest one since New China was founded.It is obvious that it caused great damage to people— destroying many schools and other buildings with thousands of people trapped or buried under the ruins.After this,we again are

aware that nature is powerful.We are glad that rescue work was
organized soon after the earthquake.And we are very proud that

we started to rebuild our homes in a short time.

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