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导学案 选修七 Module 5 Ethnic Culture


青大附中高中部高二级部选修七导学案

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选修七 Module 5 Ethnic Culture
课型:Introdu

ction 编写:李洋 审核: 1.To learn something about the Yunnan Province 教学目标 2.To master the new words in the introduction 3.To practise talking about ethnic culture 教学重点 教学难点 教 法 【学生版】

1. Know about Ethnic Culture. 2. Master all the main language points in the introduction Ethnic Culture. 1. The pronunciation of all the words. 2. Learn the word formation while trying to memorize the words. 情景式教学法, 任务型教学法 课时

Period 1

I. Learning steps: Step 1 Have a try: Understand the words and their derivatives and the phrases. I、Revise the following words. 1.____________ n.少数民族→____________ adj.少数的 2.____________ adj.愚蠢的;傻的→____________ n.傻瓜 3.____________ adj.稀松的;疏松的→____________ v.解开;放松;松开 4.___________ v.为??配备家具→____________ n.家具 5.____________ adj.史前的→____________ adj.有历史记载的→____________ n.历史 6.____________ n.存在→____________ v.存在 7.____________ n.暴露;显露→____________ v.暴露;显露 8.____________ v.促成→____________ n.促成;贡献 9.____________ n.意识;认识→____________ adj.有意识的 10.____________ v.建议;提议→____________ n.提议 11.____________ n.长度→____________ adj.长的 12.____________ v.(使)增大; (使)扩大→____________ adj.大的 13.____________ n.缺乏;没有→____________ adj.缺席的 14.____________ n.指导;引导→____________ v.指导 II、Recite the following words 1.The ________(风俗)of naming women after flowers is becoming less common. 2.He'll ____________(继承)the title on the death of his uncle. 3.____________(显然)water is essential to the growth of crops. 4.The hotel is not responsible for any loss or damage to guests' personal _______ (财产). 5.At the formal party I felt very ____________(尴尬的)and out of place. 6.I heard my friend call after me,but I ____________(不理)him. 7.This ____________(纪念碑)was built in memory of him. 8.The ____________(居民)of the i sland were friendly. 9.It is not easy to ________(估计)how many people have the disease. 10.They all want to come to a ____________(妥协).
高二英语导学案 第 1 页

III、Phrases 1.____________ 在使用 2.____________有??人口 3.____________出发;动身 4.____________调整;使适合 5.____________遇见 6.____________至关重要 7.____________除??之外 8.____________使某人想起某事 9.____________受??支配 10.___________因??而受到尊敬 Step 2 Enphasis the sentences 1.The Bai ethnic group has a population of around two million,____________ live in Yunnan. 白族大约有两百万人,其中 90%的人口生活在云南省。 句型提炼:90% of whom 引导非限制性定语从句,修饰前面的 two million。 2.They have ____________ that the site ____________ and repaired. 他们提议关闭这个遗址并进行维修。 句型提炼:recommend 意为“建议;劝告”,后面的宾语从句用虚拟语气,谓语用(should) do 的形式。 3.They are a precious part of our cultural heritage—it is ____________ that we do something. 它们是我们文化遗产中极其宝贵的组成部分,因此我们采取行动就显得尤其重要。 句型提炼:of vital importance 意为“很重要”。be+of+抽象名词(great/little/no importance/use/value)可在句中作表语或后置定语。 Step 3 Read the materials in Activity 2 on Page 57

看书上 P57 表格,了解有关云南的信息,并利用黑框里所给词汇回答问题。 问题: 1. Where is Yunnan Province ? __________________________
2. How many ethnic minorities in Yunnan province do you konw? Give two or three examples. ____________________________ 3. Which provinces share a border with Yunnan? _______________ 4. What is the capital city of China? ________________ Step 4 composition The Advantages of Travel Nowdays, people are so fond of travelling that tourism has become one of the faster growing industries in most countries。Why? Because travel has numerous advantages. First of all, travel can widen our knowledge of geography, customs, cultures and lifestyles of different places. Secondly, we can make friends and practise a foreign language through travelling. Finally, travel is the best way of pastime. We can enjoy eating various food and seeing beautiful sceneries. In a word, we can benefit from travel in more than one way. It is worth spending the time. Step 5 homework

教学反思:

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选修七 Module 5 Ethnic Culture
课型:Reading and vocablary 编写:李洋 审核: 【学生版】 1. To learn something about the Naxi ethnic group and Lijiang 教学目标 2. To practice the reading skills 3. To master the important words and expressions in the passage Reading 中的 Simon Walefield’s Yunnan Diary, 选取了几则英文日记,通过外 国人的所见所闻,介绍了漓江古城和纳西族的风情文化。在阅读的过程中,能 教学重点 正确理解阅读文章;能正确理解并运用过去分词做状语;在阅读中根据文字表 面意思对其深层含义做出正确合理的推断。 教学难点 教 法

1. The pronunciation of all the words. 2. Learn the word formation while trying to memorize the words.
情景式教学法, 任务型教学法 课时

Period 2

I. Learning steps: Step I 根据句意和首写字母补全单词。 1. There's very little industry here. It's mostly an a______________ region. 2. He took a(n) t______________ and lit it. 3. The Chinese s______________ is much more difficult to learn than the spoken language. 4. The o____________ always ends with a very interesting c______________ . 5. Is m_______ a c________ that is grown in this province? 6. In many regions, people live by f_________ and f________. 7. There are d_________cultures in the word. 8. The national m______ , though small in numbers , are scattered over vast areas. (二)短语 1. have a population of ____________ 2. in the south 3. from …to…. 4. home to sb./sth. 5. main city 6. in the style of 7. be used as… 练习: 根据汉语提示完成句子。 1. This region is __________________________________(纳西族的聚居地)。 2. Shenyang ______________________________(有 700 万人口)。 3. Yunnan is ________________________________( 在 中 国 南 部 ) , whose houses__________________ (是传统的中国建筑风格) 。 4. The Yunhe halls can ____________________(被用作集会中心)。 Step 3. Language Points 1.minority n.少数民族;少数人;少数 majority n.大多数;大半 a minority/majority of 少数/多数…… be in a/the minority/majority 占少数/多数 ①Only a minority of British households do not have a car. ___________________________________________________ ②Boys are very much in the minority at the dance class.
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________________________________________________________________ 温馨提示 The minority/majority of...作主语时,其后的谓语动词取决于 of 之后名词数的 形式。The minority/majority 单独作主语时,谓语动词既可用单数,也可用复数。 反馈 1.1Less than twenty percent of the employees in their company are women.That is to say,women are in the ______. A.majority B.activity C.probability D.minority 反馈 1.2When the headmaster spoke out his plan,the ______ of the students in the class ______ against it. A.majority;were B.most;were C.most;did D.majority;did 2.adjust v.适 应;使适应;调整;调节 adjust to...适应…… adjust oneself to...使自己适应;适应于…… adjust sth.to sth.为配合……而调整 adjustment n.调整 ;调节 make adjustments to sth.对……进行调整 ①You must adjust yourself to new conditions. ___________________________________________________________ ②__________________________________________________________ 这桌子可以根据小孩的身高任意调整。 ③He made adjustments to the machine. __________________________________________________________________ 反馈 2.1You can't see well through a telescope unless it is ______ correctly to your sight. A.accustomed B.adjusted C.admitted D.adopted 反馈 2.2She tried her best to ______ the life there,but failed to make any ______. A.adjust to;sense B.adapt to;trouble C.adapt to;effort D.adjust to;difference Step 2. 句型梳理 1. Below are from 下面摘录的是他写的几则日记。 2. I’ve been in Yunnan for two months now and (这 里多姿多彩的风景仍然令我惊讶不已) Varied adj 多变化的,不相同的,各种各样的 v. vary 1) 改变,变更 His mood varies from day to day. 2) (在…方面)相异,不同 形形色色 These sweaters vary in size. 这些毛线衣有各种不同的尺寸。 n. variety a variety of butterflies 各种各样的蝴蝶 a life full of variety 富于变化的生活 3. 南部的西双版纳是典型的热带气候。(译) 4. The old town is
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(依山而建) and

(它对面)is

青大附中高中部高二级部选修七导学案

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the 5,500 metre Yulong Xueshan mountain, its peak covered with snow.(=with its peak covered with snow) ★“its peak covered with snow”是独立主格结构。 ①The problems solved(=As the problem was solved),the quality has been improved. 随着问题的解决,质量已经提高了。 ②Time permitting(=If time permits),we will go for an outing tomorrow. 如果时间允许的话,我们明天去郊游。 ③An air accident happened to the plane,nobody alive. 那架飞机遭遇了空难,无一人生还。 ④The boy goes to the classroom,book in hand. 那男孩手里拿着书去教室。 ⑤The meeting over,they all went home. 会议一结束,他们就都回家了。 【即境活用】 1).The children went home from the grammar school,their lessons ________ for the day. A.finishing B.finished C.had finished D.went finished ★opposite adj. 对面的, 相反的; prep. 在对面; n. 相反的人或物 完成句子: There was a garden t.(在街道对面) She ran away .(朝相反方向) Jenny . (坐在杰克对面) I thought quite the opposite. _____________________________ 5. 这里的天空碧蓝如洗,我一生从没见过如此美景。 ______________________________________________________________________________ 6. Early this morning I walked up to (山坡上 一座美丽的公园), and .(坐看古城 从睡梦中醒来) 7. (用 see 的正确形式填空) from above, the old town is (…的 迷宫) canals, little bridges and (鹅卵石铺成的街巷)that tourists get lost in. . Seen from above 是过去分词短语作状语,句子的主语 the old town 跟动词 see 逻辑上构成动宾关系。 例如: Seen from space, the earth looks blue.从太空望去 地球看上去是蓝色的。 8. 三股溪流穿过古城, 不管你走到哪里, 都能听见潺潺的流水声。 (译) ____________________________________________________________________________. 9. As you walk (木石结构的老 屋), .(你感觉自己恍如走进了历史) 10. This region is (纳西族聚居区) 11. 他们有着迷人的文化。 (译) 12. ▲ spend time/money (in) doing /on sth. 翻译下列句子: 1)我一连几个下午坐在旧城广场的咖啡馆里,注视着来往的行人。 ___________________________________________________________________________ 2) 这位母亲在儿子身上花费了许多心血。 The mother spent a lot of care on her son. 13. It is the women who run Naxi society, and until recently, Naxi women (继承全部财产) 管理纳西族社会的是妇女,而且近来还是由纳西族的妇女来继承全部财产。
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该句用了强调结构,被强调的部分是 the women。 例如 It is I who am to blame. 正常语序为 I am to blame. run v. 控制,管理;运转;褪色;跑,奔跑;行驶;延伸 【例句探源】 ①Don’t touch the engine while it’s running. 发动机运转的时候不要去碰它。 ②The color ran when I washed your red shirt. 你的红衬衫在我洗的时候掉色了。 ③(牛津 P1749)He has no idea how to run a business. 他丝毫不懂企业管理。 ④I just happened to run into him at the bank. 我碰巧在银行里遇见了他。 ⑤He was run over and had to be taken to the hospital. 他被车碾伤,必须送往医院。 ⑥Poverty and floods forced the villagers to run away from home. 贫困与洪水迫使村民们离开家园。 【即境活用】 ★1) .Having walked in the desert for several days, they felt exhausted, but they had to find a pool before the water they had in the bottle _______. A.put out B.kept out C.ran out D.used up 2) . After the long march through the wild forest, they found themselves ________ as well as their clothes. A.given out B.worn out C.run out D.turned out 14. 有…的习惯 15. 传统服装 16. This afternoon (我有幸遇到 了一位住在古城的纳西族老人) 17. He was between 80 and 90 years old, but .(依然精力充沛) 18. The Naxi language is . (唯一仍在使用的象形文 字) ★ in use 被使用,在使用中 It is the dictionary most in use among Chinese students of English. 这是学英语的中国学生最常使用的一本词典。 (朗文 P2267)I’d like a job where I could put my degree in languages to good use. 我想找一份能充分发挥我语言特长的工作。 (朗文 P2267)It’s no use complaining—you just need to take test again later. 抱怨也没有用——你只要以后再考一次就是了。 【即境活用】 It’s a shame that teachers don’t ___________. 教师们不使用新计算机实验室很遗憾。 19. They came from a creature called Tabu, .(帮他们 从魔蛋中孵出) 20 , the music has not changed for eight centuries.纳西 音乐世代相传,虽经八个世纪仍保持原来的音韵。 21. 他们演奏的音乐听起来时而像怨妇幽泣,时而像雪压树枝。 (译) 22. In the ( 观 众 )there were both tourists and local people. .(一个个像着了魔似的,听得如醉如痴) 23. 再过一天我就要去昆明(译) I before travelling to Kunming. 24. (无论起初我们看上去多么不同) , we are all the same, all equal.(句型转换)
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→No matter____________________________________________________________________ 翻译下列句子: 1)无论你多累,都必须在今天下午完成。 or: 2)无论他们的穿着还是语言,追星族都模仿他们的偶像。 they wear and speak, the fans imitate their idols. 3) 你愿意去哪里就去哪里 You can go . 4) 无论你去哪里,无论你干什么,我都会在这里等着你. Wherever you go, whatever you do, I will be right here waiting for you. 5) 党号召我们做什么,我们就什么。 【句法分析】 此句中 however 引导让步状语从句,相当于 No matter how different we may appear to be at first,we are all the same,all equal;带 ever 后缀的疑问词引导的让步状语从 句,都可以转变为 no matter...的形式,表示“不管……;无论……”的意思。 ① Whatever(No matter what) you do,I will always be on your side. 无论你做什么,我将一直支持你。 ②Wherever(No matter where) you go,you will find many kind people who want to help others. 无论你去哪儿,你都会发现很多想帮助别人的好心人。 ② Whoever(No matter who) you are,you shouldn’t be rude to others. 无论你是谁,你都不能对别人粗鲁。 ③ Whichever (No matter which) book you like, you can take it home. 无论你喜欢哪本书,你都可以拿回家。 【注意】 有些带-ever 后缀的疑问词还可以引导名词性从句,主要有 whatever,whoever, whomever,whichever。但这时它们不可以改写成“no matter+特殊疑问词”的形式。这时的 whatever,whoever,whomever,whichever 既要在主句中作成分,又要在从句中作成分,为 了便于理解,我们可以把它们分解成两个词来理解。whatever=anything that,whoever= anyone who,whomever=anyone whom,而 whichever 为 which 的强调形式。 ⑤Whoever wants to see the film can go with us tonight.=Anyone who wants to see the film can go with us tonight. 无论谁今天晚上想去看电影都可以和我们一起去。 ⑥You can give it to whomever you like. =You can give it to anyone who you like. 你可以把它给任何你所喜欢的人。 ⑦Whatever is worth doing is worth doing well. =Anything that is worth doing is worth doing well. 任何值得做的事都值得做好。 ⑧Take whichever/which you want. 你要哪个就拿哪个。 【即境活用】 3).________ you may have,you should gather your courage to face the challenge. A.However a serious problem B.What a serious problem C.However serious a problem D.What serious a problem ★4).________ hungry I am,I never seem to be able to finish off this loaf of bread. A.Whatever B.Whenever C.Wherever D.However 翻译下列句子: 1)无论你多累,都必须在今天下午完成。 or:
高二英语导学案 第 7 页

2)无论他们的穿着还是语言,追星族都模仿他们的偶像。 they wear and speak, the fans imitate their idols. 3) 你愿意去哪里就去哪里 You can go . 4) 无论你去哪里,无论你干什么,我都会在这里等着你. Wherever you go, whatever you do, I will be right here waiting for you. 5) 党号召我们做什么,我们就什么。 23.have a population of 有……人口 China has a population of more than 1.3 billion.中国有 13 多亿人口。 用法拓展 population n.人口 (1)population 通常用作不可数名词,作主语时,谓语动词用单数;如果有分数或百 分数说明 population,作主语时,谓语动词用复数。 (2)当要表示人口“多”与“少”时,习惯上使用 large 与 small。 (3)提问人口多少时,习惯上用 what。 ①The population of the city is increasing very fast. 这个城市的人口增长很快。 ②One fifth of the population here like this kind of sports. 这里有五分之一的人喜欢这种体育运动。 ③This island has a very small population. 这个岛上人很少。 ④What's the population of Shanghai? 上海的人口有多少? 温馨提示用 what 提问“多少”的还有以下描述性名词: price/length/width/heig ht/weight/age 等。 反馈 6.1The population of Eskimos ______ about 25 000. A.has B.have C.are D.is 反馈 6.2The population of the island ______ very small,ninety percent of which ______ fishermen. A.are;is B.is;are C.are;are D.is;is 反馈 6.3—______ is the population of China? —The population of China is ten times as ______ as that of the USA. A.What;big B.What;large C.How much;big D.How much;large Step 3 homework 教学反思:

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选修七 Module 5 Ethnic Culture
课型:grammar 教学目标 教学重点 教学难点 教 法 编写:李洋 审核: 【学生版】 1. Master the main usages of v-ed form as adverbials. 2. Master the main usages of subjunvtive

Once seen, it can never be forgotten. 一旦被发现,它就永远不会被忘记。 If bitten by a snake, you should send for a doctor and don’t walk. 如果被蛇咬了, 应该派人去 请医生,不要走动。 可见, 过去分词前面的连词只是起个强调作用。

Step 2.过 去 分 词 与 V-ing 作 状 语 的 区 别
1. 过去分词表示被动或完成的动作,V-ing 表示主动或进行的动作。 Seen from a distance, the mountain looked like an elephant. 从远处看,这座山看起来想一头大象。 Seeing the mountain, he always thinks of his childhood. 每当看到这座山,他总会想起他的童年。 2. V-ing 的被动式表示正在进行的被动动作,过去分词表示完成的被动动作。 Being helped by Professor Wu, Sara will learn Chinese well. 在吴教授的帮助下,萨拉将会学好汉语。 Helped by Professor Wu, Sara has learnt Chinese well. 在吴教授的帮助下,萨拉的汉语已学得很好。 3. V-ing 的被动完成式表示先于谓语动词发生的动作, 过去分词所表示的动作有时发生在谓 语动词前,有时与谓语动词同时发生,有时表示未来的动作或状态。 Having been given the right answer, the teacher asked me to sit down. 准确地回答了老师的问题,老师让我坐下。 Given more time, we will finish the work in time. 如果多给的时间,我们就能及时完成这项任务。

Main usages in the Grammar. Main usages in the Grammar.
情景式教学法, 任务型教学法 课时

Period 3

过 去 分 词 作 状 语
(The Past Participle used as Adverbial) Step 1.过 去 分 词 作 状 语 的 一 般 用 法
1. 过去分词作状语,可以表示时间,原因,条件,让步及伴随情况等。 过去分词作状语,其逻辑主语必须和句子主语保持一致,并且必须是被动关系。 Asked how he broke into the room, he made no answer. (当有人问他怎么闯进屋里来,他一声不吭。 )_________________________________ When heated,water will be turned into steam. 水加热后会变成蒸汽。 (表示时间) ___________________________________ Deeply moved by the film, we all cried. 由于被电影深深打动,我们都哭了。 (表示原因) ___________________________________ Born into a poor family, he had no more than two years of schooling. 出生于贫苦家庭,他只上了两年学。___________________________________ Given more help, we could have done the work better. 如 果 给 我 们 的 帮 助 多 一 些 , 我 们 本 来 能 做 的 更 好 。( 条 件 ) ___________________________________ Though frightened by the big fire, he stood out bravely. 尽管害怕大火, 可他还是勇敢地站了起来。 (让步) ___________________________________ The mother came in, followed by her son. 母亲回来了,儿子紧随其后。 (伴随状语) ___________________________________ He was walking up and down in the room, lost in thought. 他陷入沉思,在房间里踱来踱去。 (方式状语) 2. 其实今天我们要学的这种语言现象, 以前我们是这样解释的: 当表示时间、 条件、 方式、 让步等状语从句的主语与句子主语一致或是 it,且谓语动词含有 be,则从主与 be 可省。 分析:Once this novel is published, it will be popular. 一旦出版,这本小说将会很畅销。 = Once published, this novel will be popular. When asked about his secret of success, he owed much of his success to his wife and children. = ______________________________________________ , he owed …… While watching Titanic, they couldn’t help crying. =_______________________________________________ , they couldn’t …… 复习了这一点之后,请你把以上第一点中的划线部分都改变成状语从句。 3. 完成了对划线部分的变换,我们深深地感觉到过去分词与句子主语之间的_____关系。 作状语的过去分词与部分从属连词一起连用,是为了让过去分词某种成分更加突出。
高二英语导学案 第 9 页

Step 3、 过 去 分 词 的 独 立 主 格 结 构
过去分词做状语时,其逻辑主语一般情况下通常是句子的主语。但是,过去分词的逻 辑主语若不是句子的主语时,通常会将逻辑主语保留。这种结构中过去分词带有自己的逻 辑主语。这种现象叫分词的独立结构。只用来做状语表示时间、原因、条件、方式或伴随 情况。例如: The table set, they began to have lunch. 桌子摆好后,他们开始吃午饭。 (表时间) All his money gone, he began to look for a job. 所有的钱用光了,他就开始找工作。 (表原因) All things considered, the meeting had to be put off. 如果全面考虑,会议不得不推迟。 (表条件) He was lying on the grass, his hands crossed under his head. 他躺在草地上,头枕着双手。 (表方式) He rushed into the room, his face covered with sweat. 他满脸是汗地跑进屋里。 (表伴随)

Step 4、 重 点 提 示
过去分词的独立结构在较口语的问题中还可以用“with/without+名词/代词+过去分词”的结 构代替,通常也是表示时间、原因、条件、方式或伴随情况等。例如: With the experiments carried out ,we started new studies. 实验一做完,我们就开始心得研究。 (表时间) With my sister gone, there was nobody to help the old woman. 我姐姐一走,就没有人帮助那位老大娘了。 (表原因) The old gentleman was walking, with his arms folded across his chest. 那位老人在散步,双臂交叉放在胸前。 (表方式) Henry left the classroom, without a word spoken. 亨利一句话也没有说就离开了教室。 (表伴随)
高二英语试题导学案 第 10 页

青大附中高中部高二级部选修七导学案

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请你翻译一句: 他正靠墙站着,手交叉在脑后。 He was standing ______ the wall, _______________________________________ . 1. 【2004 年全国卷Ⅳ,25】 It shames me to say it, but I told a lie when ___________ meeting by my boss. A. questioning B. having questioned C. questioned D. to be questioned 2. 【2001 年全国】 __________ late in the morning, Bob turned off the alarm. A. To sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. having slept 3. 【2004 年辽宁,30】 __________ by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm. A. Attracting B. Attracted C. To be attracted D. Having attracted 4. 【2003 年上海,39】 Generally speaking, __________ according to the directions, the drug has no side effect. A. when taking B. when taken C. when to take D. when to be taken 5. 【2005 年江苏,27】 ___ in the mountains for a week, the two students were finally saved by the local police. A. Having lost B. Lost C. Being lost D. Losing 6. ________________________(从顶部看) ,the new Olympic Stadium in Beijing will look wonderful like a bird’s nest. 7.________________________(用鲜亮的颜色印刷),the poster caught everybody’s attention. 8._______________________________(当被问到她的愿望时),the little girl smiled. 9._______________________________(即使被邀请),I won’t go to her birthday party. 10.He walked into the classroom,___________________________(后面跟着几个学生). 11. The English Romantic poets are greatly loved in China. (改为同义句) ___________ __________in China are the English Romantic poets. 12. Once it was published, his work became famous for the absence of rhyme at the end of each line. (改为过去分词做状语) _________ __________ , his work became famous for the absence of rhyme at the end of each line. 13. Given more time, me would be able to do the work much better. (改为状语从句) ______ ____ _____ _____ more time, we would be able to do the work much better.

二、宾语从句中的虚拟语气: 三、 中的虚拟语气:

四、表语从句、同位语从句中的虚拟语气: 五、 中的虚拟语气:

六、几种特殊的虚拟语气: Step 3【梳理感悟】

虚拟语气词的语法作用
一、非真实条件句中的虚拟语气 考题点击: 1.I am not free today. If I ___free today , I __ and visit some of my friends . A. am ,will go B. were , would go C. shall be ,were D. be , must go 2. If my lawyer ___ here last Saturday, he __ me from going . A. had been , would have prevented B. had been, would prevent C. were, would prevent D. were, would have prevented 3.If I were to see Tom, what ___ you ___ me to tell him? A. are ,going to ask B. do , ask C. would , ask D. did, ask 归纳总结:

类别 If 引导 的条件 从句

与现在事实 相反 与过去事实 相反 与将来事实 相反

用法 从句动词: 主句动词: 从句动词: 主句动词: 从句动词 主句动词:

例句 If he were here, he would help us. If I had been free, I would have visited you. If it should rain tomorrow, we would not go camping.

虚拟语气
Step 1 【合作群学】

虚拟语气复习回顾
虚拟语气是 。 Step 2【展示质疑】

虚拟语气的主要内容: 虚拟语气都用在哪些从句当中?都以什么形式体现虚拟?
一、 中的虚拟语气:
高二英语导学案 第 11 页

二、宾语从句中的虚拟语气 考点点击: 1.I went to bed early last night, but I wish I so. A. didn’t do B. hadn’t done C. haven’t done D. couldn’t do 2.How I wish every family ____a large house with a beautiful garden. A. has B. had C. will had D. had had 3. The teacher ordered that students_______. A. mustn’t smoke B. not smoke C. smoked D. had smoked 4.The teacher demanded that the work _____ before 4 o’clock. A. finished B. finish C. should finish D. be finished 归纳总结: 1.wish 后面宾语从句中的虚拟语气,表示与事实相反的愿望。其表达形式一般是将从 句的谓语动词退后一个时态。例如:
高二英语试题导学案 第 12 页

青大附中高中部高二级部选修七导学案

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青大附中高中部高二级部选修七导学案

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1) I wish I were as healthy as you. I wish that I had a plane. 与现在事实相反 : 2)I wish I had been to the concert last night. I wish you had written to him. 与过去事实相反 : 3)I wish he would forgive me. 与将来事实相反 : 2. 在某些动词后的宾语从句中需用 should+动词原形的虚拟语气形式。“should”可以省略。 常见的动词有:一个坚持_____ 两个命令______, _______ 三条建议______, ________, ________ 四项要求_______, ________, ________, _______ 注意: suggest 表________ insist 表________时不用虚拟语气 三、主语从句中的虚拟语气 考题点击: 1. Is it necessary that he _____ the examination? A. takes B. has to take C. must take D. take 2. It is strange that he _____ you this. A. would tell B. should tell C. had told D. has told 3.It was ordered that no smoking ____ in the library. A. should allow B. be allowed C. will be allowed D. is allowed 归纳总结:基本句型: 1. It be+过去分词+that…+(should)+动词原形+… 过去分词:suggested, requested, ordered, proposed… 2. It be+形容词+that…+(should)+动词原形+… 形容词:important, necessary, natural, right, wrong, better, proper, funny, strange, surprising… 3. It be+名词( a pity/a shame/ no wonder) that…+ (should)+动词原形+… 四、表语从句、同位语从句中的虚拟语气 考题点击: 1.His suggestion that you _____ once more sounds reasonable. A. try B. tries C. must try D. can try 2.He gave the advice that they ____ each other. A. helped B. must help C. help D. had helped 3.My suggestion is that a few more people ___ there to help me. A. be sent B. have sent C. sent D. should sent 归纳总结:在 suggestion, proposal, idea, plan, order, advice ,decision 等名词后面的表语从句、 同位语从句中 要用虚拟语气,即(should)+动词原形。 五、状语从句中的虚拟语气 考题点击: 1. We felt as if we _____ each other for years. A. knew B. were knowing
高二英语导学案

2. He took away the oxygen tank for fear that it ______. A. may explore B. exploded C. explode D. had explode

归纳总结:1.用在由 as if, as though 引导的状语从句中,表示和现在事实相反或对现在的怀 疑,用______;表示过去想象中的动作或情况,用_______; 表示将来用___________。 It seems as if the man were his brother. This device operated as though it had been repaired. 2.用在 lest, for fear that 和 in case 引导的状语从句中,这时谓语动词用(should)+动词原形 She closed the windows lest she ___________(catch cold). 六、几种特殊的虚拟语气 1) 虚拟倒装句 1. If I had known about it, I would have told you. =______________________, I would have told you. 2. If anyone should call, please take a message. =______________________, please take a message. 3. If it were not for their help, we couldn’t know how to get over the difficulties. =______________________, we couldn’t know how to get over the difficulties. 2) 错综条件句如果条件句表示的动作与主句表示的动作发生的时间不一致,从句和主句 的谓语动词的形式要根据各自的时间来调整, 这种情况被称作错综时间虚拟语气 (混合虚拟 语气) 。 ①If America ________(not make) wars on Iraq, the Iraqi people _________ (live) a happy life now. ②If I __________(be) you, I __________(visit) the museum yesterday. The exhibition was so interesting. ③If we _________(not take) an exam tomorrow, my friends and I _________(play) basketball now. 3)、含蓄虚拟条件句有时不用条件句表示非真实的条件,而用一些短语或通过上下文中 暗含某种非真实的条件,这种句子叫做含蓄条件句。 (1) 通过 without, but for 和动词不定式短语等表示虚拟的条件 1.Without your help, we could not have completed the task ahead of time. (=If__________________) 2.But for the heavy snow, I could have gone on holiday. (=If_______________________) (2) 句中有 or, or else, otherwise, but 等词语,暗示句子某一部分(前句或后句)用虚拟 语气。 1.He was on business in Beijing at that time; otherwise he _____________________(help) us. 2.Luckily Mary telephoned to inform me of the meeting, or I _______________________(be) absent. 4) 情境中提供虚拟语气

C. had known
第 13 页

D. have knowing

Suppose there were no gravity, objects would not fall to the ground when dropped.
高二英语试题导学案 第 14 页

青大附中高中部高二级部选修七导学案

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She wasn’t feeling very well. Otherwise she wouldn’t have left the meeting so early. 考题点击: I went by plane; otherwise I ____ much longer time. A. could take B. would take C. will have taken D. would have taken 5) 比较 if only 与 only if only if 表示“只有”; I wake up only if the alarm clock rings. if only 则表示“如果……就好了”。其从句中的谓语动词用过去时或过去完成时。 If only I knew more. If only the alarm clock had rung. If only 也可用于陈述语气。 If only he comes early. 考点点击:If only grandmother ____ this together with us now. A. will see B. could see C. must see D. should see

2. Bob would have helped us yesterday, but he_______. A. was busy 3. If he A. followed B. is busy C. had been busy D. will be busy

my advice, he wouldn't have lost his job. B. should follow C. had followed D. would follow

4. John went to the hospital alone. If he A. should tell B. tells C. told

me about it, I would have gone with him. D. had told

5.George is going to talk about the geography of his country, but I’d rather he_______ more on its culture. A. focus B. focused C. would focus D. had focused

6.If we ___ the other road, we might have arrived here in time for the meeting. A. take B. had taken C. took D. have taken

6) It’s (high/low/about) time 从句: It is (high) time that 后面的从句谓语动词要用过去式或用___________,但________不可省 略。 It is time that the children went to bed. It is high time that the children should go to bed. 类似的结构为 would rather 从句: I would rather you attended the meeting this afternoon. 7) 其它形式 1. He telephoned to inform me of your birthday, or I would have known nothing about it (连词) . 2.I might have given you more help , but I was too busy .(连词) 3.Given more time, we could have done it better .(分词短语) 4. … Such mistakes could have been avoided .(通过上下文) Step 4 【反馈达标】 高考真题体验

7.—The weather has been very hot and dry. —Yes. If it had rained even a drop, things would be much better now! And my vegetables . A. wouldn't die B. didn't die C. hadn't died D. wouldn't have died .

8.Had I known about this computer program, a huge amount of time and energy A.would have been saved B.had been saved C.will be saved

D.was saved

1.—Sorry, Professor Smith. I didn't finish the assignment yesterday. —Oh, you A. must have done it as yesterday was the deadline. B. mustn't
高二英语导学案

C. should
第 15 页

D. shouldn't
高二英语试题导学案 第 16 页


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