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语法填空解题技巧

By Jun Nie
Nov. 3rd,2015

? 语法填空以要求根据上下文填入一个以动 词(verb)(或其适当形式)、名词(noun)、 代词(pronoun)、冠词(article)、介词 (prep.)、情态动词(modal verbs)、连词 (conj)或引导词、形容词(adj.)和副词(ad

v.) 考查各项语法内容。

三个解题思路
1. 纯空格试题 2. 给出了动词的试题 3. 词类转换题

总结提升

一.根据句子结构,确定词性

一 般 有 提 示 词

词性

动词 名词

冠词
介词 连词 代词

形容词
副词

无 提 示 词

总结提升

二.根据上下文意义及语法,确定词形 冠词 代词 连词

定冠词,不定冠词 人称代词,物主代词,不定代词, 指示代词,反身代词 并列句及复合句
介词的常用用法及词组搭配

介词 谓语动词
非谓语

谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致
非谓语动词 to do, doing, done 及变形

词性变化

词汇, 构词法

I. 纯空格试题
1. 名词前设空

a cold winter night and nobody can be seen ? It was ____
in the street.

moment she got the money she bust into tears.
●_______

The

冠词,形容词性物主代词,名词所有格,介词,或 one, some, any, other等代词。

Exercises

1. Mo Yan won the Nobel Prize for ______ his great works.

I. 纯空格试题
2. 并列的两个或几个单词或短语之间设空 so I went. ①.Everyone asked me to go,____
and sat down. ②She came in _____

or pop music? ③Which do you prefer, folk music _____ 常用 and, but, or,so等 连词

I. 纯空格试题
3.缺主语或宾语 it ●Suddenly the wall moved---______ was made of trees!
● The

dark, rainy evening, the wind, the

thundering clouds held me entirely in their power.

名词,代词

II. 给出了动词的试题
若是谓语动词,就要考虑时态和语态。 若是非谓语动词, 用doing, done, to do等形式 。

II. 给出了动词的试题
1. I wonder if it's because i haven't been able to be
outdoors for so long that Ihave grown (grow) so crazy about everything to do with nature.

2. This flowersmells(smell) nice.
句中缺少的谓语, 那么所给动词就是谓语动 词,就要考虑时态语态。

3. The boycrying (cry) at home is my little ask sb to do brother. sth
4. English teacher asked Liu Zhen to read (read) the passage in class.

若句中已有谓语动词,又不是并列谓语时, 所给动词就是非谓语动词。就要判断用V-ing 形式、V-ed形式(过去分词),to do形式。

III. 词类转换题
1. 作表语,定语或补语. helpful 1.This book is______(help) to me.

2.She is a beautiful (beauty) girl.
3. Zhou Yi made me angry (anger)when he didn't listen to the teacher carefully.

形容词

III. 词类转换题 2. 在冠词、介词、数词、形容词性物主代词
后及一些固定搭配后,或“冠词+形容词”后
。 ①It is of importance _________(important) to read

English in the moning.
②It’s no pleasure _____ (please) looking through these any longer because nature is one thing that really must be experienced.
名词

III. 词类转换题
3. 修饰动词、形容词,或整个句子。常用 副词。 Sadly (sad) I did not have one because 1. ______

i was not born there, and I wonder about
whether I would become out of work.
successfully 2.Finally, we finished our work_____ (success).

III. 词类转换题
1. I feel terribly (terrible) sorry for making
a mistake.

其它常考类型
in 1.After the Second World War, Germany was ____ruins. 固定搭配
well as jobless. 2.Plenty of people were homeless as___ 固定搭配 yourselves 3.All of you must do your homework by____(your). 反身代词 children 4. The mother bought gifts for her_____ (child) 可数名词单数词

语法填空做题思路总结

1. 根据语法知识进行填充 2. 根据逻辑关系进行填充 3. 根据语篇标志进行填充 语篇是指比单个句子长的语言单位(句群、段落、 篇章等)。语篇间往往有标明内在联系的词, 我们称这些词为“语篇标志词”。如表示结 构层次的有first, second, third, finally等; 表示逻辑关系的有thus,therefore,so等; 表示转折关系或变换话题的有however, but, by the way等。“语篇标志词”对迅速理清 文章的脉络,弄清上下文关系很有帮助。

unhappy 1. Laughing at others makes them feel______(happy). A polite student shouldn't do that. 2. --- May I speak to the headmaster? is attending ---Sorry, he________(attend) a meeting now. Can I take a message? have been destroyed 3. A number of forests ____________ (destroy) in many parts of the world in the past few years. fighting 4. Nelson Mandela devoted most of his life to ___________(fight) for democracy(民主)and won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993. 5. Parents always told us that the early bird _______ catches (catch) the worm. carelessness 6. She left her book at home this morning because of her _________(care). 7. I am sure China will be able to hold the Winter Olympic Games successfully _______(success) in 2022. to tell 8.It's great for you _________ (tell) me about Thanksgiving Day.


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