2016 年安徽省“江南十校”高三联考 英 语 试 题
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分,考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。
注意事项: 1. 答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如
听力 （共两节， 满分 30 分）
做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答 题卡上。 第一节（共5小题；每小题1.5分，满分7.5分） 听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. Where is Mr. Smith now? A. At home. A. 4 times. A. Going fishing. B. At Sun Valley. B. 8 times. B. Repairing his car. C. In the office. C. 7 times. C. Painting the apartment. 2. How many times was the man late? 3. How is Steven going to spend this weekend? 4. Why is the woman preparing so much food? A. The woman wants to thank the man. B. The man can eat a lot. C. It?s the man?s birthday. 5. What can we learn from the conversation? A. They are neighbors. B. They are both students. C. They are from the same country. 第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分）
听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. Where are the speakers? A. In a bookshop. A. They are too large. B. They are too noisy. C. They should be much larger. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. Why is the man surprised? A. No one has read the articles about anthropology(人类学) B. The articles he wants to read have been borrowed. C. Reserved materials can be taken out of the library. 9. What can be concluded about the articles for anthropology 311? A. They are out of print. B. They are no longer in short supply. C. They are in short supply. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What?s the relationship between the two speakers? A. Clerk and customer. A. On the tenth floor. A. $215. B. Wife and husband. B. On the twelfth floor. B. $645. C. Saleswoman and customer. C. On the second floor. C. $750. 11. On which floor will the man stay? 12. How much should the man pay in total? 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where does the woman want to go for her trip? A. To Jordan. A. Dozens. A. Splendid. A. For a study. B. To Japan. B. Hundreds. B. Fast. B. For a business trip. C. To Angola. C. Thousands. C. Safe. C. For a sightseeing tour. 14. How many planes does the woman think fly across oceans every day? 15. What does the woman think of Queen Elizabeth II? 16. Why did the woman go to the Mississippi? B. In a language center. C. In a restaurant. 7. What does the boy think of the classes?
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How does the speaker want to have the clothes separated? A. By kids? and adults?. A. The fridge. 19. When A. At 3:15. A. Fold the clothes. B. By man?s and woman?s. B. The oven. B. At 3:30. B. Clean the freezer. C. By light and dark colors. C. The washroom. C. At 3: 45. C. Sort the toys through. 18. Which of the following needs cleaning this time according to the talk? should she leave the house to pick up the kids?
20. What will the speaker do himself?
阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 （共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，共 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B,、C 和 D）中选出最佳选项。 A The Minions These yellow creatures become a big hit for their cuteness of loving bananas, nonsense words and silly movements. When you watched Despicable Me (2010), did you predict the Minions would later become the main attraction? From background characters and then main characters, their success proves good animated creations can take on a life of their own spin-offs(续集) The penguins The penguins were originally just sidekicks in Madagascar(2005). But in 2008 they took leading roles in their own TV series, and in 2014 starred in the film Penguins of Madagascar. The penguins? wit, sarcasm and crafty composure not only adds attraction to the kid-friendly franchise, but also serves adult audiences well. So it's not surprising that they got their own movie. Scrat A small and furry squirrel with a long tail from animated movie Ice Age(2002), Scrat has won people?s hearts with its persistence in acorns. It is a big part of its(Ice Age?s) enduring appeal. He demands a lot of nuts, but he is a superstar, and he does his own stunts. Scrat now has his own animated shorts, extended scenes and mini-movies. Puss in Boots Originally a fairy tale written by French author Charles Perraut, Puss in Boots features a cat that helps his low-born master gain wealth and power through trickery. The cat later appeared in the Shrek franchise. In 2011, he had his own movie fittingly titled Puss in Boots. 21. According to the text, an adult is more likely to enjoy the character ______. A. the Minions B. the Penguins C. Scrat D. Puss in Boots 22. Which is close in meaning to the underlined word ?sidekicks? in the second part?
A. assistants B. leading players C. standers-by D. minor roles 23. What do the four characters have in common? A. They have contributed most to the success of their original films. B. They have proved that the audience usually favor cute animals C. They have completely stolen the show with their own series. D. They have shown their shared qualities of honesty, loyalty and unselfishness. B Today, paper-making is a big business. But it is still possible to make paper by hand, since the steps are the same as using big machines. You should use paper with small amounts of printing. Old envelopes are good for this reason. Colored paper also can be used, as well as small amounts of newspaper. Small pieces of rags or cloth can be added. These should be cut into pieces about five centimeters by five centimeters. Everything is placed in a container, covered with water and brought to a boil. It is mixed for about two hours with some common chemicals and then allowed to cool. Then it is left until most of the water dries up. The substance left, called pulp(纸浆), can be stored until you are ready to make paper. When you are ready, the pulp is mixed with water again. Then the pulp is poured into a mold. The mold is made of small squares of wire that hold the shape and thickness of the paper. To help dry the paper, the mold lets the water flow through the small wire squares. After several more drying steps, the paper is carefully lifted back from the mold. It is now strong enough to be touched. The paper is smoothed and pressed to remove trapped air. You can use a common electric iron used for pressing clothes. 24. It is suggested that we “should choose paper with small amounts of printing” to_____. A. make paper by ourselves B. renew the old envelopes C. make various colored paper D. create our own newspaper 25. Whether the paper is strong enough to be touched is determined by _____. A. how long the pulp is stored B. how thick the paper is C. how much water remains D. what type of chemicals are used 26. When the paper is lifted from the mold, it is time to _____. A. make it smooth B. make it strong C. decorate it D. use an iron 27. The passage is most probably intended to _____. A. introduce the history of paper-making B. describe the process of paper-making C. compare the ancient with the modern paper-making D. argue about the possibility of paper-making by hand C Zero gravity looks cool. But what about the thing no one likes to talk about? Yes, that is right: going to bathroom. Zero gravity makes this everyday task quite a challenge. Astronauts have to be toilet-trained all over again.
The Apollo astronauts raised themselves off the seat of their chairs and stuck a clear plastic bag to their back sides with sticky strips. A second astronaut watched closely to be sure no waste matter escaped the seal. (You would not want that stuff floating around the cabin!) When the deed was done, the astronaut cleaned up with a piece of plastic attached to the inside of the bag, removed the bag, dropped a disinfectant pill in with the waste matter, and put the whole thing, sealed, into a special container. Donald W. Rethke, an engineer for Hamilton Standard Space Systems, developed a more private way to answer nature?s call: the space toilet. It is somewhat like the kind of toilet one would find on commercial airplanes --- with unique adaptations for zero gravity, of course. For instance, it has thigh bars that keep the astronaut from floating off the seat. The astronaut (male or female) defecates (排便) in a bag and urinates (排尿) in a hose. Solid and liquid wastes are kept separated because at least 85% of the urine is recycled and, yes, after careful filtration, used for drinking and other purposes. (Water is always in demand in space.) A vacuum sucks the waste materials into the toilet, where the waste is compacted into hamburger-like patties for easy storage. Although not exactly like an earthbound visit to the toilet, it is at the very least much more private than in the early days of space travel. 28. According to the first paragraph, the lack of the gravity can turn something as simple as _______ into a major challenge. A. eating B. taking baths C. sleeping D. answering nature?s call 29. How did astronauts use toilet systems in the Apollo days? A. None of the waste was separated as it is now. B. Solid waste was compressed and stored on board. C. The toilet units used water to remove the waste through the system. D. The astronauts each used their own private restroom. 30. To ensure the user remains seated, the toilet comes equipped with _______ A. a plastic bag B. a sticky strip C. a wide hose D. a thigh bar 31. What can be inferred from the fact that most of the astronauts? urine is recycled? A. The recycled water tastes better. B. Water is limited on the space shuttle. C. It is very convenient to get their urine recycled. D. Space science includes recycling urine. D The federal school lunch program for 30 million low-income children was created more than half a century ago to combat malnutrition(营养不良). A breakfast program was added during the 1960s, and both attempted to improve the nutritional value of food served at school. More must be done to fight the childhood obesity(肥胖) epidemic, which has caused a frightening peak in weight-related disorders like diabetes, high-blood pressure and heart disease among young people. The place to start is schools, where junk food sold outside the federal meals program—through snack bars and vending machines—has pretty much canceled out the benefits of all those efforts. Federal rules that govern the sales of these harmful foods at school are limited and have not been updated for nearly 40 years. Until new regulations are written, children who are served healthy meals in the school cafeteria will continue to buy candy drinks and high sodium(钠) snacks elsewhere in school. Many states? school districts have taken positive steps, but others are likely to resist, especially districts
that sell junk food to finance athletic program extracurricular activities, and even copier expenses. Those districts should take note of a study released in 2009 in West Virginia showing that the budgetary costs of switching from sodas to healthy drinks such as fruit juice, milk, and water were very little. Even if the switch costs money, so be it. The school should not be trading their students? health to buy office supplies. Over the last five decades, the obesity rates for adolescents have tripled. Unless there is decisive action, weight and inactivity-related disorders will bother a steady larger proportion of the work force and replace smoking as the leading cause of premature death. 32. According to this passage, ______ are to blame for the childhood obesity. A. weight-related disorders B. high calorie snacks C. parents? bad habits D. unhealthy lunches and breakfast 33. Which is the main idea of Paragraph 3? A. Federal governments deserve high praise for their school lunch program. B. New regulations are badly in need of updating. C. Children should be forbidden to buy snacks in school. D. Federal rules encourage snacks outside the school program. 34. The passage is concerned mainly with ______. A. Malnutrition in low-income children B. The federal school lunch program C. obesity at school D. the nutritional value of food served at school 35. The tone of this passage is ______. A. negative B. indifferent C. optimistic D. ironic 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to Succeed in Science To succeed in science, you need a lot more than luck. In my view, you have to combine intelligence with a willingness not to follow conventions when they block your path forward. Thus, these have come to be my rules for success. 1. 36 That might sound proud, but the fact is that you must always turn to people who are brighter than yourself. It?s like playing any game. Even as a child, I never wanted to play games with anyone who was as bad as I was. If you win, it gives you no pleasure. And in the game of science or life, the highest goal isn?t simply to win; it?s to win at something really difficult. 37 2. Take risks To make a huge success, a scientist has to be prepared to get into deep trouble. If you are going to make a huge jump in science, you will very likely be unqualified to succeed by definition. 38 This can be more than personally upsetting. 3. Never do anything that bores you. My experience in science is that someone is always telling you to do things, and then leave you alone. I?m not good enough to do well in something I dislike. 39 It?s very hard to succeed if you don?t want to be with other scientists — you have to go to key meetings
where you spot key facts that would have escaped you. And you have to chat with your competitors, even if you find them objectionable. So my final rule is: 40 A. Meet challenges with great courage. B. If you can?t stand to be with your real peers, get out of science. C. Put another way, it?s to go somewhere beyond your ability and come out on top. D. Be sure you always have someone to save you from a deep mess. E. Avoid foolish people. F. In fact, I find it hard to do well in something I like. G. Besides, you even have to be prepared to disbelieve your scientific heroes. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两小节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 15 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最 佳选项。 Rudolph, a violin player, was not valued too much. One day, he traveled in a boat and was 41
in a storm. An old lighthouse(灯塔) man rescued him and led him into the lighthouse. After he had a long 42 with him, Rudolph learned more about the old man. Then 43 44 from his usual everyday 46 in the storm and the lighthouse 45 . He was filled with . He wanted to play music the storm and winds to join and the old man lifted Rudolph that showed the power of 48
understanding and love. He was lifted to a
he had never known or 47
and stars just for the old man. And 49
him, he stood and played the Kreutzer Sonata(奏鸣曲) of Beethoven. The moments 50 . Moments that were days in the birth of fire and stars, moments of the 52 of all human spirit. Never 53 54 51 of all men, and finally moments that showed the played with such power. light 55 56 breathing had Rudolph
, waves and winds beat the lighthouse with giant hands. Above, the strong
its life-saving beams across the dark and angry seas. Rudolph dropped his head to his chest, . The ocean threw its water over the land with the sound of many voices. 57 on his knees. He thought about the storm 58 were part of the works of
The old man sat without moving, his wide old hand nature --- both were works of 59 “Yes,” he said… “That is 41. 42. 43 44. 45. 46. A. A. A A. A. A. arrested quarrel nothing off feelings country B. B. B B. B. B. seen speech everything away savings earth 60
outside--- music made by God. He thought of Rudolph and his music --!” C. C. C C. C. C. met talk something up activities globe D. D. D D. D. D. caught
. He nodded his head up and down, then turned to Rudolph.
argument anything down routines world
47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A. A.
felt water as passed hope greatness before Into came softly grasping none wonder wrong
B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B. B.
rose fire with lasted wish smallness after Inside went hard shaking both doubt right
C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C. C.
returned hire for froze peace gentleness below Outside threw hardly resting all artist false
D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D. D.
turned planet without increased struggle witness again Outward fixed easily laying neither author true
第三部分 英语知识运用 （共两节，满分 45 分）
第二节 （共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（每空一词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 My name is Wil Wheaton --- and I am a nerd(怪人). It?s awesome to be 61 nerd. When I was a little boy, people really teased me about that and 62 (make) me feel like there was something wrong with me for loving strange things. Now that I?m an adult, I?m a 63 (profession) nerd, and the world has changed. I think we 64 (realize) that being a nerd is not about what you love 65 about how you love. So there?s going to be a thing in your life that you love. I don?t know what it?s going to be. It might be sports or science or reading or 66 (tell) stories --- it doesn?t matter what it is. Some of us love Game of Thrones, while others love Star Wars. But we all love those things so much that we travel 67 (thousand) of miles --- which is 68 (probable) easy for you, but we?re still using fossil fuels, so it?s difficult--- to be around people who love the things that we love the way that we love them. That?s 69 being a nerd is awesome. I want you to work hard because everything worth 70 (do) is hard. I want you to be awesome, and I will do my very best to leave you a planet that you can still live on. 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 处；每处 1 分，满分 10 分） 文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（╲）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 We are in an age when people take picture everywhere. They enjoy it even when in a museum or invited for a meal. A report shows that teens in many countries, especially in China, is always seen taking pictures update their websites with them. Besides, they are serious about getting 100 likes because of getting anything less is considered embarrassed. Some parents worry that this type of thinking is far too competitively for teens. And some teens don?t think so. “If I got wrap up in my likes or views, I?d go crazy. Never let your values be determined by how someone else thinks.” 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
假设你是李华，请你以自己网上购书所遇到的不愉快经历，向中国某家英文报纸生活栏目写一 封抱怨信。要点如下： 1. 所购书中有破损、缺页现象； 2. 一些书籍价格比实体书店还要贵； 注意： 1. 词数 100 左右； 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； 3. 开头语和结尾已给出（不计入总词数） 。 Dear Sir or Madame, I am a middle school student. I am writing to express my dissatisfaction and disappointment about the unpleasant experience _____________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________ I would be grateful if you could take my opinion into consideration. Yours sincerely, Li Hua
2016 年安徽省“江南十校”高三联考英语试题 参 考 答 案
11--15. ABBBA 16--20. CCAAC
二、阅读理解： 21--25.BDCAC 26--30.ABDAD 三、完形填空： 41--45.DCCBA 46--50.DABBA
四、语法填空： 61. a 64. have realized 67. thousands 70. doing
62. made 65. but 68. probably
63. professional 66. telling 69. why
五、短文改错： 71. take picture 改成 take pictures 72. invited for 改成 invited to 73. is always 改成 are always 74. update 改成 to update 75. because of 改成 because 76. embarrassed 改成 embarrassing 77. competitively 改成 competitive 78. And 改成 But
79. got wrap 改成 got wrapped 六、书面表达： Dear Sir or Madame,
80. by how 改成 by what
I am a middle school student. I am writing to express my dissatisfaction and disappointment about the unpleasant experience when I bought some books from the Internet the other day. The reason for my dissatisfaction and disappointment is that the books I bought online were beyond my expectation. In the first place, they were poorly printed. In addition, some books are slightly damaged and even some pages are missing. Needless to say, the price of some books is even higher than that in our local Xinhua Bookstores. To solve these problems, I am writing this letter to you, hoping that my letter will arouse the attention of the public through this media. I am fully confident that they will improve their service with the supervision of the public opinion. I would be grateful if you could take my opinion into consideration. Yours sincerely, Li Hua