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高一unit2 English around the world教案


博文教育辅导讲义
学员编号: 学员姓名:安飞扬 课 题 年 级: 高一 辅导科目:英语 第 1-4 课时 教师: 梁细荣

Unit2 English around the world
7 月 24 日 备课时间:7 月 24 日

授课时间:

1、掌握直接引语和间接 2 2、命令和请求的表达

/>教学目标 3、 祈使句和感叹句的结构、意义、用法 4、 了解英式英语和美式英语的不同 5、 重点词组的理解记忆 6、 掌握海报写作的格式 1、掌握直接引语和间接 2 重点、难点

2、命令和请求的表达
3、祈使句和感叹句的结构、意义、用法 4、掌握海报写作的格式 1、掌握直接引语和间接 2

考点及考试要求

2、命令和请求的表达
3、祈使句和感叹句的结构、意义、用法 4、掌握海报写作的格式 教学内容

第一课时 Warming up
教学步骤: 一、 Warming up 1、猜猜下列各组词汇的意义:autumn / fall underground / subway petrol / gas labour / labor programme / program colour / color … 2、看单元题目猜单元内容 3、英语是世界上运用最广的语言之一。把英语作为第一语言的国家有英国、爱尔兰、美国、加拿大、 澳大利亚、新西兰等;把英语作为第二语言的国家主要是 53 个英联邦国家中除英国、澳大利亚等之外 的国家,如亚洲的印度、巴基斯坦、马来西亚、新加坡、菲律宾等。全世界讲英语的人达 4-6 亿,是世 界上运用最广泛的语言。 4、教学新单词 二、 教学内容 1、问题 1:Is there only one kind of English in the world? 2、问题 2:Why are they different from one another? 3、看第一部分了解美式英语和英式英语的区别 ★ Do you know that there is more than one kind of English in the world? 你知道世界上不止有一种英 语吗? (1)more than one +名词单数, 后面的谓语动词用单数。 “不止一个” e.g.: More than one student wants to go to swim.

(2)more than 多于,超过 e.g.: There are more than 60 students in our class more than 还可以与名词、形容词、副词、动词、动名词连用,意为 “不仅仅,岂止” e.g.: Helen and Mary are much more than classmates. They are close friends. 4、带着以下问题,阅读文章 ★Choose the main idea of the text___ A. How to learn English well B. The brief history of Modern English C. The way to England D. The difference between Modern English and Old English 5、再次阅读文章,概括各段落大意 Part1: Part2: Part3: Part4: Part5: 5、做完 P10 第一题的判断题及以下题目 AD 450-1150 AD 800-1150 Based more on _________ less like German; more like French;

____________________

Shakespeare made use of a wider vocabulary

In 1620 In the 18th century

British settlers moved to ____________ Some British people were taken to ________ too

From _______ to ________

was the official language of India

By 19th century

was _______

第二课时 The road to modern English
语言点讲解
1、At the end of 在?末,在?尽头,用来指时间、 地点或程度。 e.g.: At the end of the party we sang a beautiful

song together. 1) by the end of 到?末为止,常与完成时连用 e.g.: How many English songs have you learned by the end of last year. 2) in the end 最后;终于 (= finally) e.g.: Everything will be all right in the end. 2、voyage n [C]航行,航海 ①Later in the next century, people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world and because of that , English began to be spoken in many other countries. 在 17 世纪英国人开始往世界其他地区迁移。于是,许多的别国家开始说英语。 潜心辨析:voyage/journey/travel/tour/trip voyage 指乘船作水上旅行,也可指空中旅行。 journey 范围较广,指有预定地点的水陆空单程长、短途旅行,其中着重指长 距离陆上旅行。 travel 常用复数形式。泛指旅行各地,表示旅行路途远,时间长。可作动词。 trip 一般用语,指任 何方式,业务或游览旅行,着重于短途,口语中可与 journey 互换。 3、because of 因为;由于 ①I was wet because of the rain. 因为下雨,我的衣服都湿了。 ②We won the game because of his participation. 由于他的参与,我们赢了比赛 4、come up 靠近,接近,上来,发生,升起,长出地面,发芽 ①I'd like to come up to your apartment. 我想到你得公寓坐坐。 ②The snowdrops are just beginning to come up. 雪莲花刚长出地面 相关短语: come up 被提出,其主语是被提出的内容,无被动语态。 come up with 提出,主语是提出者,宾语是被提出的内容。 come to 总计,达到 come on 加油,(催促)快点来吧 come on 加油,(催促)快点来吧 come along 过来,快点 come out 暴露,出版 come about 发生,造成 come across 碰见;偶然碰见 6、 actually adv. 实际上,事实上(=in fact) 7、 be based on/upon 以 ? 为根据。其主动形式为 based on/upon 以某事物作为另一事物的根据。 8、 at present 目前,现在 e.g.: I don’t need the book at present. present n. 礼物 e.g.: a birthday present 9、rule v.统治;管理 e.g.: The queen ruled the country for 20 years. n. 规则;惯例 e.g.: keep/ break the rules 10、by the 1600’s 到 17 世纪 (= by the 1600s) 用数字的复数形式表示不确定的年代,如: in the 1890s 在十九世纪九十年代 表示不确定的年代,如: in one’s 30s 在某人 30 多岁时 11、make use of 利用 e.g.: Make use of your talent. make full/ good use of 充分/好好利用

e.g.: We must make full/good use of our limited time. make the best/most of 充分利用,充分发挥 12、separate adj.不同的,有区别的;单独的 e.g.: They sat in separate seats. v. 分开,分离 separate from 与?分开 13、a large number of 许多,大量的。 + n 复 e.g.: A large number of students were late because of the rain. the number of ??的数量。 + n 复。但是作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 e.g.: The number of girls in our class is 32. 14、such as 像?那样的,例如、诸如?用于列举事物,放在被列举事物与前面的名词之间 e.g.: She likes drinks such as tea and coffee. for example 例如,用于举例说明,但是通常仅举同类人或物中的一个为例。可放句首、句中和句末, 常用“,”与其他部分隔开。 e.g.: Some students, for example, John, live in the neighborhood. 15、Only time will tell. 时间会证明一切。 tell 知道, 判断 It’s hard to tell whether he is right. tell A from B: 区分,分别 Can you tell Tom from his twin brother?

Unit2 English around the world The Road to Modern English 课后练习
Ⅰ. 重点单词 1. (n)电梯;升降机(同义词) 2. 2. (n) (英)汽油 (同义词) 3.________(adj.)官方的;正式的;公务的; (n)办公室 (n.)政府官员 4. ________ (n) 航行;航海 5. ________( adj.)本国的;本地的 (n.)本地人;本国人 _______ 6. _________ (n)(美)公寓; (同义词) _______ 7. _________ (adj.)逐渐的; ________ (adv.) 8. __________(adj.)实际上;事实上__________(adv) 9. __________(adj.)流利的;流畅的(adv)__________ 10.________( adj.)频繁的;常见的(adv)__________

II. 重点短语 1. more __________one kind 2. _____the world 3. _______ some important ways 4. a large number_______ 5. _______ fact 6. because _______ 7. come_______ 8. ________ present 9. Make use________ 10.such ________
Ⅲ、单项选择

不止一种 全世界 在一些重要方面 大量的,许多的 事实上,实际上 因为;由于 走近;上来;提出 现在 利用;目前 例如;像这种的

1. ---- How can I get to Guangzhou five hours? ---- There is no way __________ by air. A. rather than B. other than C. more than D. less than

2. Sally, a shy girl, never speaks in public ________ she is asked to. A. if only B. only if C. even if D. as if

3. This was a really difficult question, but a little boy ______ a good answer. A. came up to B. came out C. came up with D. came round

4. The scientists are beating their brains trying to ______ with a solution to the problem. A. end up B. come up C. catch up D. put up

5. After long and hard work, the police at last discovered the ______ of the baby found by the side of a road. A. dialect B. identity C. situation D. condition

6. Judging from her _______, Mrs. Smith must be a southerner. A. pronunciation B. accent C. voice D. condition

7. ---- Four dollars a pair? I think it‘s a bit too much. ---- If you buy three pairs, the price for each will ______ to three fifty. A. come down B. take down C. turn over D. go over

8. ---- Have you bought the dictionary? ---- No, I have _____ two yuan on me. A. more than B. no more than C. over D. more over

9. Ken and Mary came, the ______ wearing a red dress. A. late B. latter C. lately D. later

10. You should ______ any opportunity you have to practise English. A. make use of Ⅳ、完成句子 B. play a part in C. get along with D. make fun of

11. The new telecommunication network ___________________ the latest 3G technology. (base) 这个新的通讯网络基于最新的 3G 技术。 12. ___________________ was injured in the accident. (more) 不止一个人在事故中受伤了。

13. A good solution to the problem _____________ at the meeting. (come) 在会议上这个问题好的解决方法被提出来了。 14. Have you _________________ some new ideas. (come) 15. I‘ll get there ____________________________. (even) 你想出新的主义了吗? 即使不得不走路,我也会到那儿。 废弃材料必须充分利用。

16. Waste materials must _________________________. (use)

17. Friendship provides me with many beautiful things, ____________________________. (such) 友谊给予了我许多美好的东西,例如自信与成功。 18. _____________ of the Russian students, teachers and parents who were trapped in the hostage crisis was over 1,000; _________________ of them were killed unfortunately. (number) 在人质危机中被困的俄罗斯学生,老师和父母的人数超过 1000 人.不幸的是他们中的许多被杀了.

第三课时 直接引语和间接引语Ⅱ command?
观察思考? He commanded the soldiers to attack.? 他命令士兵们进攻。? I never promised to obey her commands.? 我从未答应服从她的命令。? 史密斯先生对英语口语掌握得很好。 =He commanded that the soldiers (should) attack.?

Mr. Smith has a good command of spoken English.? 归纳总结 command (1)at sb.‘s command 听某人支配? under one‘s command 由……指挥? under the command of sb.在……指挥之下? have (a) command of 掌握;精通(尤指语言)? take command of 控制? (be) in command of 掌握,控制? (2)command sb.to do sth.命令某人做某事? command that...(should) do...命令……? 即学即用? 。?

(1)军队由国王直接统率。? The army is (2)她精通法语。? She the French language. .

request?
观察思考? She refused all the requests for an interview.? 她拒绝了所有要求采访的请求。?

They have made an urgent request for international help.?他们迫切要求国际社会的援助。? I requested that he (should) leave at once. 我要求他马上离开。 归纳总结? request 。?

(1)make (a) request for...请求;要求……? at sb.‘s request=at the request of sb.应某人之要求? by request (of)照需要;依照请求;应邀? on request 一经要求? (2)request sb.to do sth.请求某人做某事? request that sb.(should) do sth.请求……? request sth.from/of sb.向某人请求某物? It is requested that...据要求……? 易混辨异 request, ask, demand, require? (1)request 意为―请求,要求‖,指正式或礼貌的请求。通常用于希望别人做某事,语气比较委婉。? She requested permission to film at the White House.?她申请准予在白宫拍摄。? (2)ask 意为―请求‖,指想从别人那里得到什么。其结构为―ask sb.for sth.,ask sb.to do sth.‖。? He asked his mother for six dollars.?他向母亲要 6 美元。? Parents ask me to come back early after school.?父母要我放学后早点回家。? (3)demand 意为―强烈要求‖,语气较重,含―自己觉得有理由要求‖的意思。后接名词或不定式作宾语,但 不能接不定式作宾补,可以接用虚拟语气的从句。 The captain demanded to know what was going on.?上尉要求知道发生了什么事。? She demanded that we (should) give her an immediate answer. 她强烈要求我们立刻给她一个答复。 (4)require 意为―需要,要求‖,含―按照法规要求‖的意思。其后接用虚拟语气的从句,也可接不定式作宾 补。?

The city government requires that all the people (should) protect the environment.? 市政府要求人们保护环境。? The city government requires the people to keep the streets clean. 市政府要求人们保持街道清洁。

一、

祈使句

定义:用于表达命令、请求、劝告、警告、禁止等的句子叫做祈使句,祈使句最常用于表达命令,因此在 学校文法中也常称为命令句。祈使句因对象(即主语)是第二人称,所以通常都省略。祈使句的动词都 为一般现在时,句末则使用句号来表示结束。 Go and wash your hands. (去洗你的手。——命令) Be quiet, please. ( Please be quiet.) (请安静。——请求) Be kind to our sister. (对姊妹要和善。——劝告) Watch your steps. (走路小心。——警告) Look out!Danger! (小心!危险!—强烈警告,已 如感叹句) Keep off the grass. (勿践草坪。——禁止) No parking. (禁止停车。——禁止) No eating or drinking. (禁止吃喝。——禁止) No littering. (禁止乱扔垃圾。——禁止)

中小学个性化辅导专家

"let"带头的祈使句 由"let"带头的祈使句(Imperative Sentences)是个常见的动词句型,它的主要用法有下列三种: 1.表示―建议‖。这个句型里的"let"后头紧跟着一个第一人称的代词宾语,如: (1) Let me try.(2) Let's do it.(3) Let me go and look for it. 这个句型语气委婉,比直接的祈使句客气。试比较(4)a 和(4)b: (4) a. Don't disturb him. b. Let's not disturb him.

(a)是直接命令,语气强烈,不如(b)温柔悦耳。 2.表示―间接命令‖或―愿望‖。这句型里的动词宾语是第三人称名词或代词,如: (5) Let Robert take charge of the marketing department. 3.表示―警告‖、―蔑视‖、―威胁‖等。 这种祈使句里的宾语也是第三人称为主。除了口气凶悍之外,有时还语带讽刺,如: (7) Let him try and he will expose his inability to work on his own. (8) Let the invaders come and our armed forces will wipe them out in no time. 用"let"的祈使句时,必须注意下列几点: 一、"let" 的否定句有二。如果宾语是第三人称用"Don't let....."(见例(9)) ;如果宾语是第一人称, 则用"Let......not" (见例(10)) (9) Don't let this type of things happen again. : not go out until after the rain. 二、"Let"只适用于现在时态,可以有被动语态 (the passive voice),如: (11) Let the recalcitrant criminals be sent to prison. promoted. 三、"Let"后头除了是不带"to"的不定式动词 (The infinitive without"to")之外,还可以是某些适当的 副词, out, in, down, alone 等: 如 (13) Let the puppy out. (15) The room is too sunny. Let the blinds down. (14) Open the windows and let the fresh air in. (12) Let all the dedicated capable staff be (10) It's raining now. Let's (6) Let her join our choir.

(16) Let me alone, please.

四、用"Let's"时,把谈话者的对象包括在内;用"Let us"时,并不包括对方,如: (17) Let's try it, shall we? (18) Let us do it by ourselves, will you?

从(17)里的"shall we"和(18)里的"will you",不难知道前者包括听话人,后者并没有。祈使句表示请 求、命令、建议等等。谓语动词一律用原形。句子中通常不用主语,句末用惊叹号或者句号,用降 调。 1 含有第二人称主语的祈使句 肯定的祈使句 Be careful!小心 Don''t make such a noise.不要这么吵。 Be quiet,please.请安静。
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a.句型:动词原形~.(省略主语) Stand up.起立。
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b.有时,为了加强语气,可以在动词之前加 do 力学习。 比较

Do sit down.务必请坐。 Do study hard.一定要努

祈使句和陈述句陈述句: You sit down.你坐下来。 祈使句: Sit down.坐下(省略主语 you)

c.用客气的语气表示祈使句时,可在句首或句尾加上 please,但如果在句尾加 please,那在 please 之前一定要加一个逗号―,‖。 Go this way,please.请这边走。

d.祈使句中如果有唤语,一定要用逗号―,‖隔开,放在句首或句尾。 Li Ming,come here.李明,过来。 否定的祈使句 Come here,Li Ming.过来,李明。

句型: Don''t +动词原形~Don''t swim in the river.别在河里游泳。 Please don''t be noisy.

请不要大声喧哗。 注意 表示禁止时,尤其是标语等也可用―No+名词/动名词‖来表示。No smoking!禁止吸烟!No parking! 禁止停车! No entry!不准入内! No litter!不准乱扔杂物! 英语祈使句句型转换 祈使句与陈述句的改写 1.祈使句=You must …(陈述句)Come here .过来。=You must come here . 你必须过来。 Don''t do that again.你一定不可以再那样做了。 2. Please +祈使句=Will you (please) ~? 陈述句) ( Please help me .请帮帮我=Will you (please) help me? 你愿意帮我的忙吗? Come here on time ,please .请准时到这儿。=Will you (please) come here on time ?请你准时到好吗? 3.含有第一、第三人称主语的祈使句 Let?s say good-bye here.我们在此道别吧。Don't let him do that again.别让他再那么做了。. 1.肯定的祈使句句型:· Let+第一人称(me,us)~. 或名词~. Let's go at once.咱们马上动身吧。 Let me try again.让我再试试。 Let Tom go there himself.让汤姆自 己去那儿。 · Let+第三人称代词(宾格:him,her,it,them)

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注意 Let's 包括对方, us 不包括对方。 Let 反意疑问句时最明显。 Let's go, shall we?咱们去吧, 怎么样? Let us go,will you?让我们去吧,行吗?(征求对方的意见) 2.否定的祈使句 句型:·Let?s(us,me)+not +动词原形~. 词+动词原形. Let's not say anything about it.对于这件事,咱们什么也不要说。 Don't let them play with fire.别让他 们玩火。 句型转换 祈使句有时相当一个―if‖引导的条件状语从句。祈使句:Use your head and you''ll find a way. 条件句:If you use your head,you''ll find a way. 注意 回答 Let's~的反意疑问句句型时,肯定时用 Yes,let''s.否定时用 NO,let''s not.祈使句变反意疑问句 的方法: 祈使句后的反意疑问句形式 a,Let's 表示说话人向对方提出建议,简短问句的主语用 we 表示,问句用 shall we 或 shan't we 如: Let's have a cup of tea ,shall we (shan't we) 提出请求,问句用 will you 或 won't you . Let me have a rest , will you (won't you ) 些. 如:Have a rest , will you . Stand up , will (won't) you . c,其它的祈使句后可以加一个简短问句,使语气变得客气一 b,Let me 或 Let us 表示听话人 ·Don‘t let +第三人称代词的宾格或名

英语祈使句的特殊用法: 祈使句有时候相当于一个由 if 引导的条件状语从句。 如:Study harder ,and you will catch up with the others in your class. 同学的。 If you study harder ,you will catch up with the others in your class. 如果你学习再努力些,你会赶上班 上其他同学的。 祈使句的组成:①:动词原形+其他 ②:Please+动词原形+其他 ③:don?t+动词原形 努力学习些,你会赶上班里其他

As students, we should put the learning in the first place 身为学生,我们应该把学习放在第一位 表现形式 ●肯定结构: 1. Do 型(即:动词原形(+宾语)+其它成分)。如:Please have a seat here. 请这边坐。
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有的祈使句在意思明确的情况下,动词可省略。如:This way, please. = Go this way, please. 请这边走。 2. Be 型(即:Be + 表语(名词或形容词)+其它成分)。如:Be a good boy! 要做一个好孩子! 3. Let 型(即:Let + 宾语 + 动词原形 + 其它成分)。如:Let me help you. 让我来帮你。 ●否定结构: 1. Do 型和 Be 型的否定式都是在句首加 don't 构成 如:Don't forget me!不要忘记我!Don't be late for school! 2. Let 型的否定式有两种:―Don't + let + 宾语 + 动词原形 + 其它成分‖和―Let + 宾语 + not + 动词 原形 + 其它成分‖。 如:Don't let him go. / Let him not go. 别让他走。 a) 有些可用 no 开头,用来表示禁止性的祈使句。如:No smoking! 禁止吸烟!No fishing! 禁止钓 鱼!

二、

祈使句的直接引语和间接英语的转换
当直接引语为祈使句时,其转换为间接引语时要用一个带 动词不定式的简单句表示。祈使句里的 please 必须省去。

祈使句的直接引语:主语+谓语+“祈使句” 祈使句的间接引语:主语+谓语+to do e.g. The teacher said to me, “Come in.” →The teacher told me to go in. e.g. John said to me, “Please shut the window.” →John asked me to shut the window. e.g. The teacher said to me, “Don’t be late again.” →The teacher advised me not to be late again. 小结:

当直接引语为祈使句时,主要使用动词不定式,谓语动词要做一定的变化。 表示命令的用 tell, order, command ; 表示请求用 ask, beg, request; 表示劝告忠告用 advise,suggest, insist, offer 课后练习: I. 单词拼写 1. The fifteen persons on the Great Wall were struck by ________________(闪电) . 2. The instrument was damaged by rough _____________(使用).
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3. She speaks English with an American _____________(口音 ). 4. She is always ____________(有礼貌) to everyone.. 5. The old man’s___________ language (母语) is Chinese . Ⅱ、单项选择题 1. –What did he say just now? A.said B.told C.suggest –He _______you not to forget to bring your ticket. D.ordered

2. Mary, ________ here, ---everybody else, stay where you are. A.come B.comes C.to come D.coming

3. He regretted ________ silly mistakes he had made. A.what B.how C.that D.which —He told me _______ again. C.to be not late D.not being late

4.—What did the teacher say ? A.not to late

B.not to be late

5.The teacher ______ me to have another try. A.warned B.suggested C.hoped D.asked

6.The teacher asked us ______ so much noise. A.don‘t make B.not make C.not making D.not to make

7.Yesterday he told me that he had met his uncle _________. A.two years ago B.two years before C.before two years D. for two years

8.John suggested ______ swimming tomorrow. A.going B.to go C.we will go D. we going

9.“ ________ police to the guests,‖said my father. A.Please B.Do be C.Are D.Should

10.I‘ve worked with children before, so I know what _______in my new job. A.expected B.to expect C.to be expecting D. expects

Ⅲ、把下列直接引语的句子变成间接引语 1.―Bob, be sure to lock the window before you go to bed. ‖ mother said. 2. The teacher told his students, ―watch me carefully when I do this experiment.‖ 3.―Please pass me the sugar‖ Mary asked her sister.

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4.―Don‘t forget to turn off lights before you leave the room.‖ Mrs. Green told her son. 5.―Please don‘t go to school until you have no fever‖ the doctor said to the patient. 6.―Don‘t drink too much.‖ The wife asked her husband. 7. He said , ―Don‘t look out of the windows while the train is moving. 8.―Could you please show me how to use the computer,‖ he asked. 9. The teacher said to us, ―The earth is round.‖ 10.Mr. Wu often says, ―You must speak English as often as possible.‖ 11.―I prefer maths to physics.‖ he said. 12.―Are you interested in history and biology?‖ she asked them. 13.―How often do you visit your home village?‖ I asked him. 14. He said to us, ―Follow your teacher‘s instructions‖ 15.―Don‘t punish the children.‖ the woman said to him.

第四课时 Using language
Using language Reading and talking:STANDARD ENGLISH AND DIALECTS 1、 读前思考:Why does the US have so many dialects? 2、 初读课文,找出文章大意和各段落大意 Part1: Part2: Part3: 3、 学习文中的知识难点: ★Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English. 信不信由你, (世界上)没 有什么标准英语。 (1) believe it or not 信不信由你(我说的是真话, )用作插入语。 Believe it or not, he walked 12 miles to to get help for you. 信不信由你, 为给你们求援, 他步行了 12 英
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里。 Believe it or not, we were left waiting in the rain for two hours. 信不信由你,我们在雨中一直等了两个 小时。 思维拓展:英语中常见的插入语有: to tell (you ) the truth (跟你)说实话 to be honest 老实说 to begin/start with 首先 judging by/from 从 ? 来判断 generally speaking 一般说来 to make things worse 更糟的是 in other words 换句话说 in a word 总之,一句话 what’s more 而且 what’s worse 更糟的是 ★such adj 如此的,这样的 no such thing 没有这样的事情 There are many such people in the world nowadays.当今世界上有很多这样的人 such 与 all, no, some ,any, few, little, many , much, several, one 等词连用时,应位于它们的后面。 many such books 许多这样的书 several such students 几个这样的学生 no such person 没有这样的人 注意:不可以说 no such a thing , no such a man 潜心辨析: such 与 so such 修饰名词(单数`复数或不可数) ;so 修饰形容或副词。但在下列情况下, “so+形容词“可修饰 名词。 (1).so+形容词+a/an+单数可数名词 such a nice city=so nice a city(排列顺序不同)如此美丽的城市 (2)‖many/ few + 复数名词‖及‖ much /little +不可数名词之前要用 so。 ★Geography also play a part in making dialect.地理位置在产生方言方面也起着一定的作用。 (1)play a part in sth 在?? 起作用;在?? 中扮演角色 Electricity plays an important part in our daily life.电在我们的日常生活中起着最重要的作用。 Don’t you think the wife plays the most important part in a family? 难道你不认为妻子在家庭中起最重 要的作用吗? 思维拓展: play a role in sth 在?? 中起作用;在?? 中扮演角色 take part in 参加 take an active part in 积极参加 ★ Although many American move a lot, they still recognize and understand each other‘s dialects 尽管许多美国人经常搬家,但是他们仍然能辨别和理解彼此的方言。 recognize vt.辨认出,承认, 公认 I recognized him as soon as he came in the room. 他一进屋我就认出了他。 We recognized that task was not straight for ward.我们意识到这项任务并非轻而易举。 We recognized him to be a great leader.我们承认他是一位伟大的领袖。 思维拓展: recognize?by/ from ?通过?? 认出/ 辨别出 recognize ?as 把?? 当做;承认?? 为
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recognize that ? 承认/意识到?? It is recognized that ..人们意识到?? 潜心辨析: know 意为“认识,熟悉,知道“,表示认识·熟悉某人或某事,是个持续性动词。 recognize 意为“辨认出” ,指原来熟悉,经过一段时间后重新认出,是一个表示瞬间动作的动词。 Realize 意为“意识到” ,强调经过一个过程后的完全了解。

课堂练习 15 分钟
Ⅰ、单词拼写 1. The e________ on her face told me that she din‘t want to discuss it. 2. I knew from his a_________ that he was from the South. 3. He‘s from Spain. He‘s s_______ 4. If you look s______ ahead, you‘ll see the church in the distance. 5. He walked along in the shadows, hoping no one would r____ him. 6. One of my classmates is from an _____(非洲的) country. 7. What should I do when __________( 闪电) strikes me? 8. The heating system in this _________(街区)don‘t work well.

Ⅱ. 单项选择 1.The army officer ______ his men to fire as soon as the enemies came up. A. request B.commanded C.begged D.Suggested

2.I‘ve got to go now.Something has just ____at home and I am needed there. A.come to B.come up C.come in D.come over

3.Oh,it‘s you! Ididn‘t _______ you.___I‘ve just had my hair cut, and I‘m wearing dark glasses. A.recognize B.realize C.notice D.see

4.One should speak clearly and it is the same _____ writing. A.to B.with C.as D.that

5.Mary is sure to find us easily, for she has a very good sense of ______. A.direction B.humour C.feeling D.memory

6.I like all the seasons of the year, ______ the spring.

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A.specially

B.especially C.fortunately

D.mainly

7.It has something to do with the part electricity _____ in our life. A.plays B.gives C.takes D.makes

8.Yao Ming and Liu Xiang,______ many of us know, come from Shanghai. A. what B. that C. how D. as

9.It is believed that _____ you work, _____ result you‘ll get . A. the harder; the better C. the harder; a better B. the more hard; the more better D. more hard; more better

10.It is so nice to hear from her,________ we last met more than ten years ago. A. In other words Ⅲ、阅读理解 Tom was a clever boy, but his parents were poor, so he had to work in his spare time and during his holida ys to pay for his education. In spite of this, he managed to get to the university, but it was so expensive to study there that during the holidays he found it necessary to get two jobs at the same time so as to make en ough money to pay for his studies. One summer he managed to get a job in a butcher ’ s shop ( 肉 B. What‘s more C. Believe it or not D. All the same

店 ) during the daytime, and another in a hospital at night. In the shop, he learnt to cut mean up quite nicel y, so the butcher often left him to do all the serving while he went to the back room to do the accounts( 账 目 ).In the hospital, on the other hand, he was , of course, allowed to do the simplest jobs, like helping to l ift people and to carry them from one part of the hospital to another. Both at the butcher s shops and at the hospital, Tom had to wear white clothes. One evening at the hospital, Tom had to help to carry a woman from her bed to the operating room. The w oman happened to be one of his customers. She had been already felt frightened at the thought of the oper ating before he came to get her, but when she saw Tom, that finished her. ― No! No! ‖ she cried. ― Not the butcher!‖ I won’t be operated on the butcher!‖ Then she fainted away( 昏厥). 1. Tom made enough money by ________. A. studying in the university C. doing two jobs B. working in a butcher‘s shop D. cutting meat up well ’

2. Tom was a student, but at the same time he was ____. A. a doctor B. a manager and a doctor C. an assistant D. a manager
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3. The woman patient recognized Tom because he _____ . A. was wearing white clothes C. was now working in the hospital B. had sold meant to her D. was going to operate on her

4.―when she saw Tom, that finished her ‖, which meant the sight of Tom_____. A. plunged her into deep sorrow C. broke her heart B. made her decide not to have the operation D. took all her strength and courage away

第五课时 Reading and speaking
1、阅读理解 part1 ☆straight? 观察思考? A straight line is the shortest distance between two points.?两点之间直线最短。? It‘s time for some straight talking.? 现在该开诚布公地谈谈了。? There was no wind. The smoke rose straight upward.? 因为没有风,所以烟笔直地往上升。 归纳总结? straight straighten v.弄直;使正确;整顿? go straight 改过自新? straight away 马上,立即? set sb. straight 纠正某人? 2、练习第二部分 3、writing Brainstorming: why should we learn English ? 4、 Factual writing: poster(海报写作) : 在校园里,海报更是学生生活中不可或缺的一种应用文写作形式。因此,掌握海报写 作的技巧是非常必要的。英文海报的写作也是我们中学常见的题型之一。 英文海报有以下特点: 一. 海报的内容多是电影`球讯`节目预告`演出动态`招聘等等。 二. 海报的格式 1.单位和日期:与中文海报不同,英文海报的日期应标在右下角。 2. 标 题 : 居 中 标 在 海 报 的 正 上 方 , 用 简 洁 ` 引 人 注 目 的 语 言 概 括 要 宣 传 的 主 要 内 容 。 如 : Weekend Ball ,English Corner ,Volunteers Wanted, Film News 等。
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3.正文:海报正文没有硬性规定的格式,可以根据海报内容灵活掌握。一般来说,可以先在海报的 最前面使用一些鼓动性较强的词句来吸引读者的眼球,通常采用排比`反问`设问等修辞手法。接着 列出所要宣传的活动内容,主要包括活动的主题`目的`时间`地点`费用等,为了使内容更加鲜明清 晰,也可以增设小标题。主体内容可以分段也可以不分。 三. 注意事项 1. 海报的标题必须简洁明了,词数不能太多,而且必须能吸引读者的眼球。 2.海报的写作目的就是让读者了解活动的信息,传达信息才是海报最重要的任务,所以文字的修饰 要服务于信息,不能玩文字游戏,使读者摸不着头脑。 2. 海报发布时间不可根据 汉语写在末尾,而是写在左上。 5、 范文参考

July 4,2013 Graduation Drama Night Have you just started an interest in English literature? Are you a fan of Shakespeare? Are you thinking about what to do this weekend? Are you tired of all those similar plots of Hollywood movies? If yes, come and join us this weekend. The Drama Society is preparing a wonderful drama night for you th is weekend. It‘s a special night because it is also a farewell party for the members in Grade Three. This is t heir last performance in senior highschool. So why not come and say goodbye to our best actors and actres ses? Play: Hamlet Type: Tragedy Time: 7:30 pm, July 8,2007, Saturday Place: No.2 Theatre near the west school gate Actors: Members from Grade Three, with the chairman Hamlet Ticket: Free The Drama Society 6、写作练习 昨天你们班就“Why should we learn English?”这一话题进行了一场激烈的讨论,结果如下表。请 根据表格里的内容写一篇海报。 Title Why should we learn English?
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Reasons : 1. 英语是世界上使用最广泛的语言,大多数商业信件,书籍, 杂志都用英语书写。 2. 学好英语可使我们更好的向国外学习先进经验:可以更快更好地学习 现代科学技术。 3. 学好英 语能更好地为祖国服务。 4. 学习英语有时也是一大趣事。 Conclusion 我们应该努力学习英语 注意: 1. 词数 120 左右。 2. 根据内容可适当增添细节。

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Unit2 English around the world 单元测试
时间 90 分钟
I. 单项选择 15 分

满分 100 分

1. _____, the great mother, in order to save her sick child, kept waiting for four hours in the heavy snow. A. It depends B. Take it easy C. Believe it or not D. It is OK 2. As we all know, many Chinese words have come into English, ______ typhoon, tofu and kung fu. A. for example B. that is C. such as D. so as to 3. Nobody knows the man killed in the accident, so it is difficult for the police to find out his _____. A. thought B. height C. weight D. identity 4. The teacher asked a difficult question, but finally Ted _____ a good answer. A. came up to B. came up with C. came over to D. came along with 5. Every farmer knows that weather _____ farming. A. plays a part in B. takes part in C. makes use of D. gets along with 6. ―Do you have ...‖ is a common American _____; British speakers would be more likely to say ―Have you got ...‖. A. use B. usage C. usefulness D. user 7. My hometown has changed so much that I can‘t _____ it. A. know B. understand C. recognize D. realize 8. There was no wind. The smoke rose _____ upward. A. strangely B. straight C. frequent D. frequently 9. The general used his power, and _____ his men to fire at once. A. requested B. asked C. conquered D. commanded 10. From her _____, I guess she must come from the West of America. A. sound B. voice C. accent D. noise 11. The change was so _____ that we hardly noticed it. A. actual B. actually C. gradual D. gradually 12. If you want to speak good English, a large _____ is needed. A. spelling B. vocabulary C. pratice D. memory 13. —Hello! Is Mr. John in the office? —Yes. But I‘m sorry. He is busy _____ and can‘t speak to you. A. at once B. at present C. at the end D. at first
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14. The _____ language used in most international organizations is English. A. official B. native C. fluent D. separate 15. Here are Daphne and David; _____ is my brother. A. the later B. later C. the latter D. latter II. 完型填空:(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) People always say that the earlier one learns a language, the 17 18 16 it is to do so, in theory it is that,

, in my opinion, that refers to spoken language. Capability(能力) to practice some essential(基本的) of a language and read between the lines can only be trained through proper reading ways and hard 19 .So spending money to help 22 20 learn English may 21 up with disappointment. It is

work

likely that the more you

,the more you are let down.

The daughter of one of my friends 23 English in primary school, 26 24 her foreign teacher‘s blindness 27 25 psychology. She did not 28

want to go on

English until middle school,

a college student studying English slowly

her interest in the language. It is better to have the child learn Chinese than to have some difficulty several years. Having been engaged in English education, 31 33 , many students have 32 30 29 learning English for

find that despite(尽管) their excellent

command of English words and phrases. So I suggest that children 34 them to learn English hurriedly. Otherwise, they

classical Chinese prose(散文),rather than

may let go the best time to 35 the language ability of their mother tongue. B. difficult B. however B. regards B. right away B. girls B. start B. get B. liked B. because B. at B. to learn C. easier C. though C. requests C. at once C. children C. finish C. buy C. disliked C. instead of C. in C. with learning D. more difficult D. yet D. expressions D. quickly D. boys D. end D. take D. learned D. instead D. to D. for learning
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16. A. easy 17. A. but 18. A. opinions 19. A. step by step 20. A. people 21. A. begin 22. A. pay 23. A. loved 24. A. because of 25. A. of 26. A. learning

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27. A. while 28. A. introduced 29. A. in 30. A. He

B. where B. practiced B. to B. I

C. when C. explained C. at C. She C. language C. little C. remember C. cause C. learn

D. as D. developed D. of D. They D. writing D. fewer D. memorize D. make D. master

31. A. pronunciation B. phrase 32. A. few 33. A. write 34. A. have 35. A. study B. less B. do B. let B. improve

Ⅳ. 阅读理解:(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A Everyday, 340 million people speak it. One billion people are learning it and it is said that by 2050, half of the world‘s population will be using it. What are we talking about? That global language—English. The English language started in Britain in the 5th century. It is a mixed language. It was built up when German. Scandinavian and French invaders settled in England and created a common language for communication. Today it is the official language of the UK, the USA, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa and Ireland as well as many islands in the Caribbean . Many other countries and regions use it for politics and business, for example, India. Pakistan, Nigeria and the Philippines. English is also one of the official languages of Hong Kong. But global advertising and pop music mean that in most countries, you will see or hear some English. Thanks to McDonalds, we all know about "burgers". "fries" and "milkshakes". Songs by Madonna, Britney Spears and Celine Dion are in English. We can sing along, even if we do not understand what we are singing! English is a messy (杂乱的) language. Every year, dictionaries include new words that talk about popular culture, for example, computer-related words such as "blogging", "download" and "chatroom". Also included are words that teenagers use. Who does not know "cool", "OK" and ―hello‖ ? Other languages also influence English. Many English words come from French. Words like "cafe" and expressions like "c'est la vie" (that is life) are all part of the English language. On the other hand, the French language includes English words like "le weekend" and "le camping". German words are also part
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of English. Words like "kindergarten" come from the German language. Recently, British people have become interested in "yoga". But the word comes from an ancient Hindu language in India. 36. The English language has a history of ______. A. over 2000 years B. over 500 years C. over 1500 years D. over 1000 years

37. The underlined expression ―thanks to ‖ can be replaced by ______. A. because of B. thankful to C. not until D. as if.

38. Which of the following statements is true about the language of English ? A. It has been changing all the time. B. It has borrowed words from all the other languages. C. French words are used by the English because dictionaries have French words. D. Singers and film stars have the greatest influence on language. 39. How many people in the world are using English now? A. One billion people C. almost all the people in the world. D. not mentioned above, but the number is growing rapidly. 40. Many countries and regions use it for politics and business except______. A. the USA B. Nigeria C. the Philippines B In order to know a foreign language thoroughly 完全地)four things are necessary. First,we must ( , understand the language when we hear it spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves, with confidence (自信) and without hesitation (犹豫) Thirdly, we must do much reading. Finally, . we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are correct in grammar. There are no shortcuts to success in language learning. A good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only to memorize the rules from a grammar book. It is not much learning by heart long lists(一 览表) of words and their meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. If we are pleased with a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. We must ―learn through use.‖ Practice is important. We must practise speaking and writing the language
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B. 340 million

D. Norway

中小学个性化辅导专家

whenever we can. 41. The most important things to learn a foreign language are _____. A. understanding and speaking C. writing and understanding B. listening, speaking, reading and writing D. memorizing and listening

42. Someone hears and writes English very well, but he speaks it very badly. This is because __ ___. A. he doesn't understand the language when he hears it spoken B. he doesn't have a good memory C. he always remembers lists of words and their meanings D. he often hesitates(犹豫) to practise speaking it 43. One can never learn a foreign language well by _____. A. doing much practice C. learning through use B. studying the dictionary D. using the language

44. Which is the most important in learning a foreign language? A. A good memory. B. Speaking. C. Practice. D. Writing.

45. ―Learn through use‖ means ______. A. we use a language in order to learn it B. we learn a foreign language in order to use it
C. we can learn a language well while we are keeping using it D. B and C.

IV. 短文改错:(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

I still remember my middle school life in Tianjin yet . I was then in a school for students from Tibet . As we were all left home at early age , we met lots of problems in our daily life . We had to do the washing , cleaning and shopping by us . However , we seldom felt lonely or helplessly . We enjoyed our happy life . At weekends , we would play basketball , swimming in the pool or go for a picnic . We were living in a big family . We treat each other as brothers and sisters . If any one of us had any difficulty in our life and study , the other would help him out . It has been five years when we graduated , but those memories
地址:韶关市武江区新建路东枫花园一层

46. ____ 47. ____ 48____. 49. ____ 50 ____ 51. ____ 52. ____ 53. ____ 54. ____ 55 ____
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25

联系电话:0751-8620007

中小学个性化辅导专家 are as sweet as ever before .

Ⅴ.句子翻译(共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 请根据括号中的提示, 把下列句子译成英语。 56. 希望我们学校的所有学生都能考上大学。(be expected to) _______________________________________________________________ 57. 如果你能充分利用时间,你的学习很快会好起来。(make use of) ________________________________________________________________ 58. 正当我十分焦急时,一个孩子走上前来,指给我去车站的路。(come up) _________________________________________________________________ 59. 在一些重要方面,英国英语和美国英语很不相同。(in some important ways) __________________________________________________________________ 60. 比起以前,现在越来越多的人意识到健康和快乐是最重要的。(than ever before) ___________________________________________________________________

地址:韶关市武江区新建路东枫花园一层

联系电话:0751-8620007

第 页 共 26 页

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