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2016年人教版必修一Unit 1 Friendship Reading教案


Unit 1 Friendship 教案 Reading
Teaching goals 教学目标 1. Target language 目标语言 a. 重点词汇和短语 add, point, upset, ignore, calm, loose, cheat, reason, list, share, feeling, Netherlans, German, serie

s, outdoors, crazy, nature, purpose, dare, thunder, entirely, power, according, accordingly, trust, indoors, suffer, add up, calm down, have got to, be concerned about, walk the dog, go through, hide away, set down, a series of, on purpose, in order to, face to face b. 重点句子 I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven on evening in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 2. Ability goals 能力目标 a. Enable Ss to talk about friends and friendship. What should you do to be a good friend? Why do you need friends? What do you think a good friend should be like? What else can be your friend besides a person? b. Understand the text and answer the following questions. How and why did Anne make her diary the only true friend? Had Anne ever been spellbound by nature before? How about being in the hiding place? Why? Why didn’t she go downstairs one evening until the window had to be shut? What would you miss most if you went into hiding like Anne and her family? Explain why. How would you describe Anne’s feelings as she was looking out into the night sky? What attitude on earth should the wide oppressed people take towards the powerful Nazis? c. Enable the Ss to understand the details about the passage, choosing the correct answer according the text and fill in the form about the passage and the diary. d. Retell the passage using the first person. 3. Learning ability goals 学能目标 Enable the Ss learn how to talk about friends and friendship. What do friends and friendship mean? What should you do to be a good friend? Why do you need friends? What do you think a good friend should be like? What else can be your friend besides a person? Teaching important points 教学重点 a. Talk about friends and friendship. What should you do to be a good friend? Why do you need friends?

What do you think a good friend should be like? b. Discuss the questions of comprehension. Why did Anne make her diary the only true friend? Teaching difficult points 教学难点 a. Understand the real meaning of friends and friendship. b. Discuss the questions. What would you miss most if you went into hiding like Anne and her family? Explain why. How would you describe Anne’s feelings as she was looking out into the night sky? c. Discuss what attitude on earth the wide oppressed people should take towards the powerful Nazis. Teaching methods 教学方法 a. Skimming and scanning. b. Asking-and-answering activity to check the Ss’ understanding of the text. c. Individual, pair or group work to finish each task. d. Discussion. Teaching aids 教具准备 A recorder, a computer and a projector. Teaching procedures & ways 教学过程与方式 Step I Leading in As this is the first class of a new term, teacher can lead the Ss to think of making new friends in the strange school. T: Welcome to our school, everyone. You have a new school, new teachers and new classmates. Would you like to make new friends with each other? S: Yes, of course. T: Very good! Step II Warming up First, ask each student to make the survey by filling the form and choose the answers. Teacher shows the scoring sheet to them, add up their score and see how many points they can get all by themselves. Second, teacher shows the instruction. Get the Ss to judge which grade they belong to according to their points and decide if they are good friends or not by themselves secretly. Third, they’ve known how well they treat their friends and what they should do to be a good friend themselves. T: Do you have any friends? S: Yes, I do. I have made a lot of friends. T: Are you good to your friends? S: Yes, of course. T: We always think we are kind to our friends. But in fact, we are not quite sure if we are considerate enough? Now let us make the following survey. First, please choose the answers all by yourselves. The Ss are choosing the answers. T: Are you finished? Ss: Yes. T: OK, I’ll show you the scoring sheet on the screen. Please fill in the following form quickly. Add up your scores and see how many points you can

get all by yourselves. Are you clear? Ss: Yes, sir / madam. Show the following form and the scoring sheet on the screen. Situation Choice Score Point 1 2 3 4 5 Total: Scoring sheet for the survey 1A1 B3 C2 2A1 B2 C3 3A1 B2 C3 4A3 B2 C1 5A0 B6 C0 T: All right! I think most of you have got high points. Do you want to know which grade you belong to? Ss: Certainly. T: Now I’ll show the instruction on the screen. Please judge which grade you belong to according to your points and decide if you are good friends or not by yourselves secretly. Show the Ss the instructions. 4~8 Grade I You are always thinking about yourself. You should care more about your friends. If you continue to be self-centered and don’t consider others’ feelings, you won’t make more friends and keep friendship for long. 9~13 Grade II You take things smoothly. You seldom hurt your friends with your benefit considered. You’d better add more affection to your friends. Friendship is about feelings and we must give as much as we take. 14~18 Grade III Wow! How faithful and generous you are! Congratulations! You are always ready to help your friends. Whenever they have any difficulty, you’ll try your best to do what you can to help them without hesitation. T: All right. I see you’ve known how well you treat your friends and what you should do to be a good friend. I hope all of us can be good friends with each other soon. Do you agree with me? Ss: Yes, of course. Step III Pre-reading Get the Ss to discuss the questions on Page 2 with their partners. Then ask the Ss to report their work. Encourage the Ss to express their different opinions. Make it clear that not only can we make friends with human beings, but also with animals and even things that have no life. T: Now please look at the slide show. And discuss these questions with your partners. Then I’ll ask some students to report your work. Are you clear? Ss: Yes, sir/madam. Show the following on the screen. 1. Why do you need friends? Make a list of reasons why friends are important to you. 2. What do you think a good friend should be like? List what a good friend should do and share the list with your partners.

3. Does a friend always have to be a person? What else can be your friend? 4. Do you think a diary can become your friend? Why or why not? After the Ss’ discussion, teacher says the following. T: Now who’d like to answer the first question? Volunteer! Sa: Let me try. I think friends are important to all of us. Because we need to help with each other. Sb: We also need someone to care and understand, to share sorrows and happiness. Sc: Everyone needs a friend to be true to us whether near or far apart. T: Quite right. Next question? Sd: I think my good friend should have a lot in common and our thoughts are always near. Se: I need my friends to give me courage to solve all kinds of problem. Sf: I think my friends should support me whenever I need help. Sg: I’d like my friends to communicate with me frequently. Sh: In my opinion, my friends should have the same kind of sense of humor so that we can laugh together. T: Terrific! I wish everyone to have some good friends whose friendship always be treasured in our hearts. Not only can we make friends with human beings, but also with animals and even things that have no life. How about the third question? Si: Yes, because persons can understand and communicate with each other more easily and conveniently. Sj: I think other things like pets, books, toys, balls, and instruments can also be our friends. T: Wonderful! You have a very great imagination. Now who can answer the last question? Sk: Yes, I think so. Because you can tell everything to it freely, it can accompany me all the time. It never needs me to pay back. Sl: But I don’t think so. Because it’s unbelievable for a person to communicate with a diary. And your secrets will be easily and completely let out in case that it is read by others or your diary books are lost. If I had been Anne, I would have made friends with my parents. T: Most of our friends are human beings, but sometimes we make friends with animals or even things like diary. You’ve done an excellent job. Step IV Reading Scanning Get the Ss to comprehend the passage quickly and accurately and meanwhile help the Ss to form a good habit of reading. Teacher gives the Ss a couple of minutes to look through the whole passage. Tell the Ss to read the text silently and then ask some detail questions about the text on the slide show with their partners. Teacher encourages the Ss to express their ideas. T: We’re going to learn a passage about Anne’s best friend. The story happened during World War II. Now let’s look at the slide show. Read the text quickly and find answers to the following questions. Show the questions on the screen. 1. What was Anne’s friend? How and why did Anne make it her only true friend? 2. Had Anne ever been spellbound by nature before? How about being in the hiding place? Why? 3. Why didn’t she go downstairs one evening until the window had to be shut? T: Now who can tell me what was Anne’s best friend?

How and why did Anne make it her only true friend? S1: Anne made her diary her best friend, to whom she could tell her deepest feelings and thoughts. S2: Because during World War II, as Jewish, Anne and her family had to hide away in order not to be caught by the German Nazis. S3: After hiding, she didn’t dare to go out. She felt very lonely and unhappy. So she couldn’t meet her old friends and make any other new friends besides her diary. S4: Maybe she didn’t trust others except her diary, to whom she could tell everything. S5: She didn’t set down a series of facts in a diary as most people do, treating her diary as her friend, to whom she told her deepest feelings and thoughts. T: Exactly. How about question 2? S6: No, she hadn’t. Nature had never have kept her spell-bound before she came to Amsterdam. S7: After being in the hiding place, Anne had grown crazy about everything to do with nature. S8: Because she didn’t dare to face nature, being afraid of being discovered by the Nazis. S9: But she was eager to enjoy the light and longed for the peace and happiness. T: Quite right. Question3? S10: Because she was held entirely in the nature’s power. S11: She didn’t dare to face the night except that evening. S12: She was always worried about being caught by the Nazism, although she was crazy about nature. S13: It exposed the heroine’s complicated and conflicting spirit mood of either scaring and hating the war and oppress, or longing for peace and looking forward to happiness. T: Well done! I think you may continue to read it again to get more details. Skimming In this part, the Ss will read the text again and then work together with their partners to get the main idea. Then teacher shows the form on the screen. Give the a few minutes to fill in the form about the whole text. Check the answers with the whole class. T: Now please skim the passage fast to get the main idea with your partners. S1: It exposed the crimes that the Nazis oppressed the Jewish and made them suffer the extreme misery and hardship. S2: It showed the common ideal and wish of the whole world people, hating wars and terrors while longing for peace and freedom. T: Good job. Now let’s try to obtain a general under-standing of the whole passage, including the diary. While reading, please fill in the form. Show the form with blanks on the screen. Anne’s best friend What Her diary What kind Told everything to When World War II Where Amsterdam , Netherlands What happened Hid away not to be caught Sample diary Time Nature Feeling Before hiding Blue sky, songs of birds, Never felt spellbound moonlight, flowers

After hiding

Darkness, rain, wind, Grew crazy, held in their thundering clouds power T: Now it’s time for us to check the form. Explanation T: Now let’s deal with some language points. Turn to Page 2. Let’s look at the sentences. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. This sentence means that Anne couldn’t go out for so long that she had felt wildly exited about nature. For example, when it was so warm, I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven one evening in order to have a good look at the moon for once by myself. This sentence tells us that on a very warm evening, Anne stayed up until half past eleven so as to look at the moon for once by herself. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face.... This sentence means that it was a year and a half since she and her family hid away and she had a look at the moon face to face with the window open by herself. Step V Comprehension Read the passage again. First ask the Ss to do Ex 1 by themselves. And then do Ex 2 with their partners. At last, get them to discuss the answers of Ex 3 in groups of 4. T: Now please read the passage again and then turn to page 3. First let’s do Ex 1 by yourselves. A few minutes later. T: OK, now let’s check the answers with the whole class. Ss: 1. Anne kept a diary because she could tell everything to it. 2. She felt very lonely because she couldn’t meet her friends. 3. They had to hide because Jews were caught by Nazis and put away. 4. Anne named her diary Kitty because she thought it was her best friend. 5. They were finally caught because they were discovered. T: Now, it’s time for us to do Ex 2, please talk about the answers with your partners. The Ss are talking about their choices. T: All right! Let’s choose the correct answers and tell us why. Ss: 1. D. Because in her diary, she wrote that “it was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face.” 2. C. Because “she wanted a friend whom she could tell everything to, like her deepest feelings and thoughts.” But it’s dangerous to trust others easily in the hiding place. 3. D. Because she wrote in her diary that “I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature.” 4. A. Because “Her family was Jewish so they had to hide or they would be caught by the German Nazis.” And “The moon gave far too much light.” That means the moon was so bright that it might make the Nazis discover her family hiding there. If so, they would be caught. 5. B. Because the diary was written in June, 1945 and it was in a year and a half that she’d seen the night face to face. T: Now let’s deal with Ex 3. Please look at the slide show. Now I’ll give you a few minutes to discuss the answers to the two questions in groups of 4. Show the questions on the screen.

1. What would you miss most if you went into hiding like Anne and her family? Explain why. 2. How would you describe Anne’s feelings as she was looking out into the night sky? T: Now who’d like to answer question 1? Volunteer! S1: I missed my school most because I was eager to get more knowledge and I had studied there for many years with my teachers and classmates. S2: I missed some public places such as amusement parks, gardens, museums, and zoos. I could enjoy myself and played happily and freely like other children. S3: I missed the department store most because I could buy whatever I wanted, like excellent toys, beautiful clothes and delicious food. I could live a happy life again. S4: I missed my relatives and friends very much. I felt extremely lonely in this strange hiding place. I needed them to support and encourage me to get through the hard time. T: Excellent! I think you’ve understood Anne’s deepest feelings and thoughts. The second question? S5: Anne and her family had to live the life of wandering about and departing from the world. She felt very lonely and sad, so she was just able to make a friend with her diary. S6: She worried that her family couldn’t escape from the clutches of the devil at last. They were at the danger. It was probable for them to be discovered at any time. S7: She was very angry with the crimes for the Nazis to oppress the Jewish and make them suffering the extreme misery and hardship. She also hated wars and terrors very much. S8: She longed for peace, freedom and happiness with the common ideal and wish of the whole world people. S9: She grew very tired of the life without freedom and felt helpless because she could do nothing but to hide away, having her heart in her mouth and living in fear of being caught. S10: She wondered what she could do to change the unhappy situation, but she daren’t face the fact because she was frightened to suffer cruel persecution, not having the power of resistance. T: Excellent job. You have understood the feelings of Anne. Step VI Homework Show the following on the screen. 1. If you had been Anne, what have you done at that time? Discuss what attitude on earth the wide oppressed people should take towards the powerful Nazis, choosing inactive and passive waiting for death, or uniting actively to face the reactionaries and fight against them bravely? 2. Retell the text using about 100 words. Notes: 1) Use the first person to retell the passage. 2) Try to use proper prepositions and conjunctions. 3) Make use of the chart above while retelling. 3.Prepare for the reading task on Page 44 and think about what different ways of showing friendship are in Hawaii. 4. If possible, read the book “Anne’s Diary” published either in English or Chinese. Passage Analyzing 篇章分析 I 课文图解 Text Chart Read the text, and then fill in the chart. Anne’s best friend What Her diary

What kind When Where What happened Sample diary Time After hiding Before hiding

Told everything to World War II Amsterdam, Netherlands Hid away not to be caught Nature Blue sky, songs of birds, moonlight, flowers Darkness, rain, wind, thundering clouds Feeling Never felt spellbound Grew crazy Held in their power

II 课文 Text Retelling The possible version below can be used as a material for both retelling and dictation. One possible version: I lived in Amsterdam in the Netherlands during World War II. My family was Jewish, so we had been hid away for a year and a half in order not to be caught by the German Nazis. During that time I hadn’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I had grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. Once, I decided to look at the moon at midnight. But I didn’t dare to open the window to see the night face to face because I was afraid of being discovered by the Nazis. I felt very lonely without seeing my old friends. So I had to make a new true friend, my diary Kitty, whom I could tell everything to. Unfortunately, at last my family was discovered and caught by the German Nazis half a year later. III 德育渗透 Moral Education Teacher can guide the Ss to understand the text deeply, making the Ss to realize that wars and cruelty will bring incomparably grave disaster. Arouse the Ss to love peace, hate wars and establish the correct outlook on life, which has great realistic meaning. Call on every student to join the League and agree to and fully support the leadership of the Communist Party from now on. Cherish and safeguard the peaceful and stable political situation. Unite with the whole world people who love peace in order to abolish all the reactionaries thoroughly and realize the international communism in the end. IV 写作技巧 Writing Techniques 1. 写作特点 Writing Characteristic 1) Lead in the topic of friends and friendship by beginning with an imperative sentence so as to arouse the readers’ strong curiosity and interest. 2) Insert the form of a diary, using Anne’s diary “Kitty” as the second person to tell her deepest feelings. Reveal the inner world of the heroine by Anne Diary’s clarification and description of her detailed deep thoughts and emotions. 3) Use the sharp contrastive plot, like two groups of expressions “a deep blue sky, the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers” and “the dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds”, to express the heroine’s complicated and conflicting spirit mood of either scaring and hating the war and oppress, or longing for peace and looking forward to happiness. 1) 用设问句引入日记成为好友这一主题,引起读者强烈的好奇心和阅读兴趣。 2) 插入日记这一体裁, 把日记当作第二人称 “基蒂” 来倾诉感情, 通过安妮日记的 “表白” , 细腻深刻的心理描写揭示了主人公的内心世界。 3) 通过对比的情节,运用词语如“蔚蓝的天空,小鸟的歌唱,月光和鲜花”与“漆黑的雨

夜,狂风,雷云”,表达主人公既惧怕憎恨战争和压迫,又渴望向往和平与幸福的复杂矛盾 的心态。 2. 文章的体裁 Writing Style The text is a narrative writing, which related a story that during the World War II, as the Jewish, Anne and her family had to live the life of wandering about and departing from the world. Anne was only able to make a friend with her diary Kitty, to whom she tell her deepest feelings and thoughts, accompanying her getting through the two-year fleeing career. A diary of the heroine, which used the first person to relate Anne’s true experiences and feelings, was chosen to make the passage more sincere, natural and moving. 本文是一篇记叙文,用第三人称讲述第二次世界大战的时期,犹太人 Anne 一家过着滇沛流 漓,与世隔绝的生活。Anne 在孤独中只能以日记 Kitty 为友,倾诉衷肠,伴其渡过两年的 逃亡生涯。文中选用了主人公的一篇日记, 采用第一人称“我”写出 Anne 的亲身经历和 感受, 这样使文章更具真实感,使人感到亲切自然,真切感人。 3. 中心思想 Main Idea The text related a miserable story that during the World War II, as the Jewish, Anne and her family had to live the life of wandering about and departing from the world. However, they couldn’t escape from the clutches of the devil at last. It exposed the crimes for the Nazis to oppress the Jewish and make them suffering the extreme misery and hardship. It showed the common ideal and wish of the whole world people, hating wars and terrors while longing for peace and freedom. 本文通过叙述了犹太人安妮一家在纳粹党人的黑暗统治下, 只能过着滇沛流漓与世隔绝的逃 亡生活,却最终难逃魔掌的悲惨命运,揭露德国纳粹党欺压犹太人民,使人民生活在水深火 热之中的罪恶行径。 表达了全世界人民憎恨战争与恐怖, 渴望和平与自由的共同理想和美好 心愿。 V 写作意图 Writing Purpose The text related a miserable story that during the World War II, as the Jewish, Anne and her family had to live the life of wandering about and departing from the world. However, they couldn’t escape from the clutches of the devil at last. It exposed the crimes that the Nazis oppressed the Jewish and make them suffering the complete darkness and extreme misery and hardship without any happiness. It showed the heroine’s real thoughts, hating wars and terrors and longing for peace and freedom. But she could do nothing but to hide away, having her heart in her mouth and living in fear of being caught because she was frightened to suffer cruel persecution and daren’t face the fact, not having the power of resistance. The cruel historical fact showed to the world that compromise only ended up with the failure. The writer exposed the cruel control of the Nazis, while proposing a sharp question to the whole society, under control of the powerful Nazis, what attitude on earth did the wide oppressed people take, choosing inactive and passive waiting for death, or uniting actively to face the reactionaries and fight against them bravely? Where there is oppression, there is resistance. 本文通过叙述了犹太人安妮一家在纳粹党人的黑暗统治下, 只能过着滇沛流漓与世隔绝的逃 亡生活,却最终难逃魔掌的悲惨命运。在揭露德国纳粹党欺压犹太人民,使人民生活在水深 火热之中的罪恶行径的同时,也表达主人公既憎恨战争和压迫,又渴望和平与自由,却因惧 怕遭到残酷迫害,不敢正视现实,无力反抗,只能过着东躲西藏,提心吊胆,担惊受怕,毫 无幸福可言的暗无天日的生活。这一残酷的历史事实,向世人说明,妥协退让只能以失败而 告终。

作者在揭露纳粹的残暴统治的同时,向全社会提出一个尖锐的问题:在强大的纳粹统治下, 广大受压迫的人民究竟应该采取什么样的态度, 是选择消极被动地坐等待毙, 束手就擒呢? 还是应该积极主动地团结起来,勇敢地与反动派进行斗争呢?


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