De Period 5
Using Language：Reading and Speaking
教学目标 1．语言知识目标： a．重点词汇 parallel，abundant，govern，destination b．功能句式 We could... You might... It would be possible to... It
isn't possible to... ...would be a perfect place for us. I don't think you'd enjoy... ...would probably suit us. It's out of the question. 2．语言能力目标 Through reading，enable the students to acquire detailed information about Peru. 3．情感态度目标 Help the students learn how to express likes and dislikes，probability and improbability with the target language. 重点难点 教学重点： Introduce briefly and properly the country—Peru. 教学难点： Talk about tours in and around Cuzco with functional items given. 教学准备 A slide projector and a tape recorder. Let students surf the Internet to get information about Peru. 教学过程 ?Step 1 Lead－in Ask the students something about their travelling abroad.(What places would you like to visit？Why？Where can you get information about places of interest？) [设计说明]联系生活实际，导入话题，激发学生对话题的兴趣，为下文作铺垫。 ?Step 2 Reading 1．Ask the students to read the entry from a textbook about Peru.Find the information they want to know about Peru.
Fill in the missing information. Geographical areas： a_narrow_coastal_belt；the_Andes_Mountains；high，flat_plains The capital city Lima： in_the_north_on_the_coast The ancient Inca capital Cuzco： high_in_the_Andes The famous Inca ruins Machu Picchu： close_to_Cuzco Andes Mountains： run_parallel_to_the_coast 2．Discuss specialities about this country.At the same time，deal with the questions： a．Why is Cuzco popular with tourists? b．What is special about Lake Titicaca? c．What do you think the two official languages of Peru are? Keys： a．Cuzco is a popular tourist destination as it is close to the famous Inca ruins of the city of Machu Picchu.It's a city where both Indian and Spanish culture and art can be seen. b．Lake Titicaca is the highest lake in the world，and boats can travel on it. c．They are Indian and Spanish. [设计说明]由浅入深，通过手册和地图培养学生获取信息的能力，使他们对旅游前期的 准备工作有了解。 ?Step 3 Reading (pair work) This text is just a brief introduction of Peru.If you want to travel in Peru，you should know more detailed information.What are the most popular tours in Peru？Any ideas？Turn to Page 44.Read the brochure.Work with your partner and answer the questions in Exercise 2. 1．Which tours would best suit people who like an active holiday and don't need first class accommodation? 2．What kind of people would enjoy Tour 2? 3．On which tours do you visit Machu Picchu? 4．If you spent two weeks in and around Cuzco，which tour would be best to do last? Suggested answers： 1．Tours 1 and 4. 2．People who enjoy learning about the culture and lifestyle of the country they are visiting.People who enjoy beautiful scenery but prefer to see it through the windows of a comfortable bus. 3．We could visit Machu Picchu on Tour 1 and Tour 3. 4．Tour 2 would be best to do last because it ends in Lima，the capital. [设计说明]要求学生对课文提供的四条路线进行分析和挑选，培养他们观察和分析的能 力。 ?Step 4 Speaking (group work) Get the students to talk about tours in and around Cuzco with the expressions given. First show the following expressions. I like/don't like doing/to do...
I prefer to... I enjoy/love/hate doing... What would you like to do when you are on holiday？Discuss with your partners，using the above expressions. After discussion，ask some students to tell their ideas.One student gives one sentence. S：I like visiting museums on holiday. S：I don't like going to historical sites. S：I prefer to stay in expensive hotels. S：I enjoy trying local food. S：I hate visiting places on my own. Imagine your group plans to spend eight days in and around Cuzco.Discuss which two tours you will take. S：If we have eight days to travel in and around Cuzco，Tour 1 and Tour 2 would probably suit us.We could make walking tour on Tour 1，and experience the jungle and its wildlife.It would be possible for us to enjoy the mountain scenery and the ancient ruins.Then on the fourth day，we could arrive at the ruins of the ancient Inca city，then we could catch the train back to Cuzco.On the fifth day，we could begin our trip from Cuzco to Puno by road.We could enjoy the fantastic views of the highland countryside，then we would travel by boat across Lake Titicaca.We could see the beautiful scenery of the lake， we could stay with the local family and learn more about also their life.It would be a perfect place for us.Then on the eighth day we could return to Puno for our flight back to Lima. S： would choose Tour 3 and Tour 2.We like architecture， we would spend four days in We so the Andes at Cuzco.We could visit the museums， enjoy the Spanish architecture， we could and also enjoy some delicious food，buy some great souvenirs，and we could take the train up to Machu Picchu to visit the ruins to learn more about its history.Then on the fifth day we could begin our trip by boat.We could enjoy Lake Titicaca，visit the Uros Indian's houses，and know more about their life and their manners and customs.At last，we would return to Puno for the flight back to Lima. [设计说明]通过小组互动的方式，达到知识输出和培养学生英语表达能力的目的。 ?Step 5 Discussion Ask the other students to vote the line they choose to travel，and give their reasons. [设计说明]通过班级辩论的方式，进一步培养学生总结和得出有效可行的结论。 ?Step 6 Homework In the reading passage，we learned about Xie Lei's life in London.We learned that she has to overcome many difficulties and face many challenges， because she has to get used to a completely new way of life.Now imagine your American penfriend has decided to come to China to study Chinese culture and language at a university near you. Homework for today：write a letter to him or her giving information about what life will be like.Include things like： ●What he/she will find different in China (include things like food，study，transport， accommodation，etc.) ●How easy or difficult it will be to make friends ●The best way to learn Chinese and about Chinese culture ●Things you can do to help him/her settle in
Sample letter 1： Dear Andy， I'm glad to hear you are coming to China for university study.Here I'd like to offer you some tips in order that you will have a great time during your study in China. As you know，China is a lot different from your country especially the culture，so you must try your best to adapt to the new environment.First，you must get used to Chinese food.This may not be the biggest challenge for westerners.Second，you had better be aware of the education system and make new plans for your university study.In addition， should also be familiar with you the transportation and accommodation. On your first arrival in China， may get a culture shock as well.The best way to overcome you it is to make more local friends and to learn more about Chinese culture.Try to be easy－going and sociable so more Chinese people would like to make friends with you.After some communication with the local people，it will be rather easy for you to adapt to the new culture. Of course you could turn to me for help at any time.I will be pleased to be your guide here in China，so please don't hesitate if you have any trouble. Wish you a wonderful time in China. Yours， Fiona Sample letter 2： Dear Emma， I'm very glad to hear that you have decided to come to China to study Chinese culture and language. You have already known some Chinese words through my letters，but it's not enough for you to study in China.When you come here，you'll find there are many differences between China and America.You have to learn how to communicate with the local people.Chinese people are very friendly.So，it's easy to make friends.There are many places you can go such as parks，public museums，and historical attractions.You can simply talk to them，just be sincere and generous， and you will find your best friends. You will have to adapt to the food and transport here.In China， most people use bikes， take or a bus，which is different in your country.Studying in China is also difficult.Chinese teachers are strict with students in study，so you should study hard.The best way to learn Chinese and Chinese culture，I think，is to live with Chinese people，stay with them，and always communicate with people in Chinese；if you have time，you can travel to different areas to know the variety of Chinese culture. I hope you can live with my family，then I can help you learn Chinese.Of course，if you like to live alone，I can help you rent a good and cheap house near your university.I expect to see you soon.I'm sure that you'll love China. Yours， Li Ming [设计说明]采用写作的形式，使每个学生有机会表达自己的观点，实现语言实用性的目 的。 备课资料 About Peru Peru is a meeting place of different races，languages and cultures.The land inhabited by
millions of natives before the arrival of the “Spanish conquerors”，and witnessed the arrival of Europeans，Africans and Asians.Over time，a rich cultural blend occurred，which is expressed in the Peruvian cuisine，handicrafts，music and dances. In Peru，nature has brought together an enormous variety of landscapes，climates and ecosystems.With a range that includes the coastal deserts，the imposing geography of the Andean mountains， the dense Amazon jungle， and Peru holds the greatest variety of microclimates， plants and animals in the world. This human and natural diversity produces a rich cultural interaction among different people， a variety of occupational patterns and use of spaces，and a spectacular fusion of cultures and landscapes.Thus，Peru has an enormous potential as a privileged tourist attraction capable of offering visitors a wide variety of options all year round. POPULATION：25 661 700 inhabitants (as of year 2000) AREA：1 285 215.60 sq.km CAPITAL：Lima LANGUAGE：Spanish，Quechua，Aymara GDP：US $52 billion (estimated 2000) MACHU－PICCHU After having remained hidden from the world for more than four centuries，the architectural complex of MACHU－PICCHU，“old mountain” in Quechua，was discovered by the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham in 1911.Situated 112 km from Cuzco on the edge of the Urubamba canyon， 2350 meters above sea level， covers an area of 32 590 km2， said to be built by the at it and Inca as a religious area.It is made up of houses，places of worship，hydraulic systems and terraces.The Inca Trail is one's way of reaching the fortress，just as the ancient people of the empire arrived on foot， stone paths， by steps and tunnels that cross the Urubamba river and extend for more than 40 kilometers.
LIMA With a current population of over seven million people，flanked to the east by the Andes Mountains and to the west by the Pacific Ocean，Lima is both the most modern and one of the oldest cities of Peru.In 1535，Lima was chosen as the Capital of Peru due to its privileged harbor location.During most of the colonial period，Lima remained the most important political and commercial power center in South America.This illustrious past is reflected in the colonial architecture that has earned the downtown area the UNESCO title of World Cultural Heritage. Due to its importance as the country's economic center and its privileged central location in South America，Lima constitutes a convenient center for conventions and business meetings.