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“四校”2015—2016学年度高三第一次联考英语试题(16K 五号字)


“四校”2015—2016 学年度高三第一次联考

英 语 试 题
注意事项: 1. 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。 2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号等信息填写在答题卷的相应位置。 3. 全部答案在答题卡和答题卷上完成,答在本试卷上无效。 4. 本试卷卷面总分为 120 分,考生最终成绩按总分 135 分进行折算,折算公式:最 终成绩=卷面成绩(总分 120 分)×1.125,四舍五入取整数计分。

第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A During the cold winter days, there are some interesting festivals in the world. Look at the following ones. Harbin Ice and Snow Festival Place: China Time: January 5 to February 5 People build incredible things out of ice and snow, decorating them with lights. The Carnival of Venice Place: Italy Time: between February and March One of the most beautiful festivals in the world, people wear masks and elaborate costumes to hide differences among classes, and there are contests for the best costumes. Holi Festival Place: India Time: late February/ March, on the last full moon day Hindus and Sikhs, in India, Nepal, and Sri Lanka celebrate the main day of this incredibly fun 16-day festival by throwing colored powder and water at each other. Sundance Film Festival Place: Utah, the US Time: end of February The largest independent film festival in the US. Watch both feature films and shorts. You need to buy a ticket.
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1. Which of the following festivals can’t be celebrated at the end of February? A. Sundance Film Festival. B. Harbin Ice and Snow Festival. C. Holi Festival. D. The Carnival of Venice. 2. If you want to watch wonderful films, you may go to _______. A. India B. China C. America D. Italy 3. If you go to Europe, which festival can you celebrate? A. Sundance Film Festival B. Holi Festival C. The Carnival of Venice D. Harbin Ice and Snow Festival. B Thomas James Hanson will remember for a long time the snowstorm that hit the state of New York on November 22. The 47-year-old man from Niagara Falls was stuck in his car on the highway for almost eight days after his vehicle was accidentally pushed to the side of the road and covered with snow by workers employed to remove the snow from the streets. Driving on the Interstate Highway 190 during the worst of the snowstorm, Mr. Hanson decided to pull over his old 1993 Volkswagen Passat to the side of the road and wait for the weather conditions to improve. He remained motionless for approximately five hours before a snow plow arrived to clear the way. Unfortunately for the poor man, the driver of the gigantic snow removal vehicle did not see the small car, pushing it into the ditch and covering it with more than 2 meters of snow. Fortunately for the father of two children, the snow that was stacked over his vehicle was not very dense and allowed for enough fresh air to get through to enable him to survive. He was able to drink water that he obtained by melting snow with his lighter in an aluminum coffee cup, and he ate the few items of groceries he had bought before going home. ―If I had known I would be stuck for eight days, I would have bought more than a jar of dill pickles(咸菜), a bottle of ketchup and two sticks of beef jerky(牛肉干),‖ said the survivor with a smile. Thomas Hanson had almost lost all hope of being rescued when his car was hit once again this morning by another snow plow, which revealed the poor man’s location. 4. What caused Thomas James Hanson to fall into the ditch according to the passage? A. His drunk driving. B. The strong wind. C. The slippery road. D. A snow removal vehicle. 5. It can be learned from the passage that _______. A. Mr. Hanson had bought some food before the accident. B. Mr. Hanson got rescued on November 22 eventually C. Mr. Hanson had enough bottled water to drink in the car D. Mr. Hanson was stuck in the car with his children. 6. Which of the following can best describe Thomas James Hanson? A. Quick-minded. B. Hard-working. C. Humorous D. Careless
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7. Which of the following would be the best title of the passage? A. Heavy Snowstorm Caused Disaster to New York B. Man Found Alive after Being Stuck 8 Days under Snow C. Thomas James Hanson – a Black Sheep in the Snow D. Wonderful Eight Days of Experience in the Snow C The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, founded in 1861 in response to the increasing industrialization of the United States. The institute stressed laboratory instruction in applied science and engineering. MIT’s early emphasis on applied technology at the undergraduate and graduate levels led to close cooperation with industry. Curricular reforms under Karl Compton and Vannevar Bush in the 1930s emphasized basic science. MIT was elected to the Association of American Universities in 1934. Today, the institute comprises various academic departments with a strong emphasis on scientific, engineering, and technological education and research. MIT is one of the most selective higher learning institutions, and received 18,357 undergraduate applicants for the class of 2018 — only admitting 1,419, an acceptance rate of 7.73%. MIT’s 168-acre campus spans approximately a mile of the north side of the Charles River basin in the city of Cambridge. The campus is divided roughly in half by Massachusetts Avenue, with most dormitories and student life facilities to the west and most academic buildings to the east. MIT’s on-campus nuclear reactor is one of the most powerful university-based nuclear reactors in the United States. In 1999 Bill Gates donated $20 million to MIT for the construction of computer laboratory named the ―William H. Gates Building‖. While Microsoft had previously given financial support to the institution, this was the first personal donation received from Gates. Other notable campus facilities include a pressurized wind tunnel and a towing tank for testing ship and ocean structure designs. 8. From the passage, we know MIT _______. A. is a public research university in Cambridge, Massachusetts. B. became a member of the Association of American Universities in 1934 C. was founded to improve the development of agriculture of the United States D. at present puts emphasis on applied technology 9. If there are 30,000 undergraduates applying for admission to MIT, only about ______ of them will succeed. A. 1,319 B. 2,319 C. 3,319 D. 4,319 10. On MIT’s campus, you can’t find _______. A. Massachusetts Avenue B. a nuclear reactor C. a pressurized wind tunnel D. the Charles River 11. The passage is written mainly to _______.
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A. present Bill Gate’s contributions to MIT B. encourage more students to apply to MIT C. give a brief introduction of MIT D. attract more visitors to Massachusetts D See a cellphone cover that you like on Taobao? Forget about placing an order, paying the bill online and waiting for days for it to be delivered to you. In the near future, you'll be able to get it in minutes just by hitting ―print‖ on your computer. You might find it hard to believe that you could actually ―print‖ an object like you would a picture. But it is not that hard to understand how it would work. Just as a traditional printer sprays (喷) ink onto paper line by line, modern 3D printers spread material onto a surface layer by layer, from the bottom to the top, gradually building up a shape. Instead of ink, the materials the 3D printer uses are mainly plastic, resin(树脂) and certain metals. The thinner each layer is—from a millimetre to less than the width of a hair—the smoother and finer the object will be. This may sound like a completely new technology, but the truth is that 3D printing has been around since the late 1980s. Back then, it was barely affordable for most people, so few knew about it. Last year, though, saw a big change in the 3D printing industry—printers became much cheaper. For example, 10 years ago a desktop 3D printer might have cost £20,000, while now they cost only about £1,000, according to the BBC. Taken out of the factory and introduced to more diverse and common uses, 3D printing can create just about anything you can think of—flutes (笛子), bikinis, jewelry, aircraft parts and even human organs. In fact, scientists from Cornell University in New York have just made an artificial ear using a 3D printer, according to Science Daily. The fake ear looks and acts exactly like a natural one. However, as 3D printing becomes more common, it may bring about certain problems—such as piracy. ―Once you can download a coffee maker, or print out a new set of kitchen utensils (餐具) on your personal 3D printer, who will visit a retail (零售的) store again?‖ an expert in 3D printing told Forbes News. Even more frightening, what if anyone in the world could use a 3D printer to print out a fully functioning gun? 12. According to the article, in the future, the 3D printing technology will _______. A. enable people to make better purchases online B. change the way we make many products C. be applied as widely in our daily life as computers D. shorten the time it takes for people to get what they buy online 13. What happened in the 3D printing industry last year? A. The 3D printing technology was taken out of the factory.
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B. The 3D printing technology began to be used in various fields. C. The 3D printer was used for medical treatment for the first time. D. The 3D printer became more affordable for consumers. 14. How is the last paragraph developed? A. By giving examples. B. By making comparisons. C. By analyzing the cause and effect. D. By presenting research findings. 15. What is the best title of the passage? A. Great Demand for 3D Printers B. Technology in the Future C. Online Shopping Disappearing D. Printing out Everything 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多 余选项。(注意:选 E 涂 AB,选 F 涂 CD,选 G 涂 AC) What do the world’s most successful people all have in common? By examining the work habits of over 150 greatest writers and artists and scientists, the researchers including Standford Professor Jeffrey Pfeffer found that high achievers like Robert Moses turn out to be all alike: Busy ! Busy! 16 In a study of general managers in industry, John Kotter reported that many of them worked 60 to 65 hours per week—which translates into at least six 10-hour days. The ability and willingness to work difficult and tiring hours has characterized many powerful figures. Energy and strength provide many advantages to those seeking to build power. Just Say No! The difference between successful people and very successful people is that very successful people say ―no‖ to almost everything. And that’s what gives them the time to accomplish so much. 17 And focus means saying ―no‖ to a lot of distractions(分神). Know What You Are! Ignore your weakness and keep improving your strengths. Don’t waste time exploring skill areas where you have little competence. Instead, focus on—and build on—your strengths. 18 . Create Good Luck! Luck is not magical—there is a science to it. Richard Wiseman studied lucky people for his book Luck Factor, and broke down what they do right. 19 By being more outgoing, open to new ideas, following the feeling that something is true, being optimistic, lucky people create possibilities. Does applying these principles to your life actually work? Wiseman created a ―luck school‖ to test the ideas—and it was a success. In total, 80 percent of people who attended Luck School said that their luck had increased. 20 .

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A. Spend enough time to improve your weakness. B. Achievement requires focus. C. On average, these people reported that their luck had increased by more than 40 percent. D. They never stop working and they never lose a minute. E. Busy people are more likely to be lucky. F. This means knowing who you are, what you are and what you are good at. G. Certain personality types are luckier because they behave in a way that offer the chance for good opportunities. 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The London Underground has been known as The Tube since 1890, when the first deep-level electric railway line was opened. It is the world’s oldest underground railway and the __21 of the system means there are regular weekend engineering repair work. __22 in most people’s eyes, it is more than just a transport system. It is not __23 to see people reading thick books on the tube, 24 at the door during rush hour. But there is another way Londoners enjoy 25 on the underground, as poems are scattered around __26 , without a targeted group or a fixed topic. The project of the poems has been running 27 since 1986 and achieved great success. Poems appear three times a year, six at a time, two of which are always written by living poets. American writer Judith Chernaik, editor and 28__ of Poems on the Underground, said the most of them are chosen randomly, either from great poets or from 29 enthusiasts of English poetry. These poems aim to bring poetry to 30 , and show a wide range of styles. They are classical or contemporary, domestic(国内的) or 31 , realistic or 32 . Love or 33 poetry, this project ―has proved to be an excellent way of __34__ poetry, with passengers often wanting to 35 more,‖ according to the government organization Transport for London. ―This has led to the 36 of a series of Poems on the Underground books, which is now in its 11th edition.‖ This new 37 contains poems that have been displayed in 38 over the years. The poems are 39 into sections such as love, music, nature, war, and loss. The Tube system has become quite the bastion (堡垒) of British 40 . 21. A. reputation 22. A. Or 23. A. normal 24. A. crowded 25. A. leisure 26. A. accordingly B. age B. And B. common B. difficult B. books B. regularly C. convenience C. Yet C. unusual C. occupied C. life C. randomly
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D. application D. So D. ordinary D. regular D. literature D. occasionally

27. A. rapidly 28. A. founder 29. A. unknown 30. A. passers-by 31. A. modern 32. A. idealistic 33. A. hate 34. A. writing 35. A. compose 36. A. announcement 37. A. edition 38. A. schools 39 A. translated 40. A. finance

B. smoothly B. writer B. talented B. enthusiasts B. homemade B. magical B. learn B. reciting B. recall B. statement B. album B. carriages B. changed B. culture

C. simply C. reader C. normal C. audiences C. international C. optimistic C. enjoy C. learning C. play C. publication C. product C. streets C. reserved C. language

D. faithfully D. learner D. inspired D. passengers D. significant D. pessimistic D. write D. introducing D. read D. organization D. magazine D. communities D. classified D. communication

第 II 卷
第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节;满分 55 分) 第二节 (共 10 分;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。 A CCTV journalist succeeded in arousing a heated discussion among netizens by asking people whether they were happy. The responses to the question were various, even some quite funny ones 41 (include). Although people played jokes 42 the answers, it did not take long 43 they began to figure out the true meanings of happiness. It is certain that people’s views on happiness 44 (affect) greatly by their own life experience. Unfortunately, too many people refer to being rich as happiness and there is no sign of 45 decrease in the number of those who are voluntarily at the mercy of wealth. Some people whose 46 (intend) is to make big money appreciate being given any chance to multiply their income, believing that is __47__ their happiness lies. Some are eager to inherit their parents’ property, especially those who 48 (be) known as silver-spoon kids. Even worse, some would rather break the law to satisfy their financial desire or seek their fortune __49__(legal). In my opinion, happiness is not about pursuing wealth merely but about admiring the __50__(beauty) things in life. Therefore, live your life to the fullest and be happy. 第三部分 写作(共两节;满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中 共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
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增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Bob is very sorry to have missed the first two lesson this morning. He got up early as usually in the morning, but when he was ready to leave he find his bicycle's front tyre (轮胎) flat. He wanted to take bus or taxi to school, and he didn't have any money with him. He had to look for a place along the street to get his bicycle repairing. Unluckily, there were not any bicycle repair shops was open in the early morning. So he had to walk to school, carrying his bicycle all the way. That was how he was late for school. He told Mr. White not to worry with his lessons, for he would make up for it and turn to teachers for help if necessary. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李明,你的英国朋友 Dave 打算在他们学校英文报―Chinese Culture‖栏目拟刊 登 介绍中 国节日风 俗的短 文。请 给英国朋友 Dave 写 信,介 绍中国 传统节 日: The MidAutumn Festival,要点如下: 1. 什么时候过中秋节? 2. 为什么过中秋节? 3. 如何过中秋节? 注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头语已为你写好。 参考词汇 农历:lunar calendar Dear Dave, I am so glad to introduce one of our important festivals to you. _______________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________ Yours, Li Ming
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