普宁市华侨中学 2015-2016 学年度下学期第一次月考 高一英语试题
注意事项: 1. 答第 I 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮 擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。 第I卷 第一部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题
；毎小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读以下四篇短文，从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题 卡上将该选项涂黑。 A Why play games? Because they are fun, and a lot more besides. Following the rules? planning your next move? acting as a team member? these are all “game” ideas that you will come across throughout your life. Think about some of the games you played when you were in a primary school, such as rope-jumping and hide-and-seek. Such games are entertaining and fun. But perhaps more importantly, they translate life into exciting dramas that teach children some of the basic and practical rules they will be expected to follow the rest of their lives, such as taking turns and cooperating. Many children’s games have a practical side. Children around the world play games to help them make preparations for work they will do as grown-ups. For example, some Saudi Arabian children show preference for a game called bones, which sharpens the precise hand-eye coordination needed in hunting. Many sports encourage national or local pride. The most famous games of all, the Olympics, bring athletes from around the world together to take part in friendly competition and make a presentation of their talents. People who watch the event wave flags, knowing that a precious gold medal is a win for an entire country, not just the athlete who has earned it and should be praised. For countries facing the pressure of natural disasters or war, an Olympic win can mean so much. Sports are also an event that unites people. Soccer is the most popular sport in the world. People on all continents play it–some for fun and some for a living. Nicolette Iribarne, a Californian soccer player, has discovered a way to spread hope and power through soccer. He created a foundation to provide poor children with not only soccer balls but also a promising future. Next time you play your favorite game or sport, think about why you enjoy it, what skills are needed, and whether these skills will help you in other aspects of your life. 1. Through playing hide-and-seek, children are expected to learn to ________________.
A. be a team leader B. obey the basic rules C. act as a grown-up D. predict possible danger 2. According to the passage, why is winning Olympic medals so encouraging? A. It inspires people’s deep love for the country. B. It proves the exceptional skills of the winners. C. It helps the country out of natural disasters. D. It earns the winners fame and fortune. 3. Iribarne’s goal of forming the foundation is to __________________. A. bring fun to poor kids B. provide soccer balls for children C. give poor kids a chance for a better life D. call on soccer players to help poor kids 4. We can infer from the passage _______________________. A. Games benefit people all their lives B. Sports can get all athletes together B. People are advised to play games for fun D. Sports makes a country competitiveness B Thinking is something you choose to do as a fish chooses to live in water. To be human is to think constantly. But thinking may come naturally without your knowing how you do it. Thinking about thinking is the key to critical(判断性的) thinking. When you think critically, you take control of your thinking processes to construct your own ideas. Otherwise, you might be controlled by others’ ideas. Indeed, critical thinking is at the heart of education. The word “critical” here contains a special meaning. It doesn’t mean taking one view against another view, as when someone criticizes another person for doing something wrong. The nature of critical thinking is thinking beyond the easily seen –beyond the pictures on TV which are often not consistent with reality, the untrue and controversial reports in the newspapers, and the faulty and contradictory reasoning. Critical thinking is an attitude as much as an activity. If you are curious about life and desire to dig deeper into it, you are a critical thinker. If you find pleasure in deep thinking about different ideas, characters, and facts, you are a critical thinker. Activities of the mind and higher-order reasoning are processes of deep and careful consideration. They take time, and do not consist with the fast speed in today’s world: fast food, instant coffee, and self-developing film. If you are among the people who believe that speed is a measure of intelligence, you may learn something new from a story about Albert Einstein, who made great contributions to science during his life. The first time Banesh Hoffman, a contemporary scientist, was to consult Albert Einstein about his work, Hoffman was too nervous to speak. but Einstein was very considerate and immediately put Hoffman at ease by saying, “Please go slowly. I don’t understand things quickly.” 5. Critical thinking is important to us because if we don’t think critically,
______________. A. it will be hard for us to think naturally and fast B. we might be controlled by other people’s ideas C. we will follow the ideas of others naturally D. we might be fooled by other people’s ideas 6. If you are a critical thinker, you will ______________________. A. think deeply about different ideas B. trust the reports in the newspapers C. take one view against another view D. criticize other people for their mistakes 7. In the last paragraph, “something new” suggests that ___________________. A. the smarter you are, the faster you do things B. the faster you do things, the smarter you become C. speed can improve intelligence D. intelligence is not decided by speed 8. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Thinking and Critical Thinking B. Understanding Critical Thinking C. Thinking is Natural and Human D. Thinking Fast Means Intelligence C In the near future, daily newspapers and monthly magazines will probably disappear. Electronic media can provide the same information faster and cheaper. The Internet, together with laptops and cellphones, makes it possible that almost everyone can at any time and in almost any place get some news for free or for few fees. You’ll browse the computer newspapers or magazines just like switching on TV. An electronic voice will tell you stories about the latest events. You’ll even get to choose the kind of voice you want to hear. Want more information on the brief story? A simple touch makes the entire text appear. There are the predictions from the experts working on the newspapers of the future. Pictured as part of home-based media and entertainment systems, computer newspapers and magazines would unite printed and broadcast news, offering information and analyzing video images of news events. The continuing loss of readers will result in a small number of advertisements in newspapers. It makes no sense to spend millions of dollars to print ads. With the development of technology, more and more electronic medium have been created until now, but replacing the traditional newspapers and magazines has a long way to go, because the resistance to computer newspapers and magazines from journalism(新闻业) may be much stronger. Since it is such a cultural change, it may be not until the present journalists, who aren’t used to it, die off that the newspaper industry is not considered as an industry any longer. Anyway, technology is making the traditional newspapers and magazines disappear gradually. 9. Computer newspapers and magazines have all the advantages except that
____________. A. they are more expensive than traditional newspapers B. you can choose the kind of voice you like to hear C. you can get more information from them easily D. you can easily store information for the future use 10. The underlined word “resistance” in the fifth paragraph probably means ____________. A. a thought which directs your action B. a force that acts to stop something happening C. a force that helps you do something D. an idea which is different from others 11. We can infer from the passage that _________________. A. all technological developments are very important B. traditional newspapers and magazines will disappear soon C. new things will replace the old ones in the future D. traditional newspapers and magazines will be more popular 12. The author writes the article to __________________. A. let people know the great development of the journalism B. tell readers what newspapers and magazines are like in the future C. prove newspapers and magazines are not welcomed any more D. say traditional newspapers and magazines are better than before D My father often talks about his definition of success. He tells us that it isn’t measured in money or material things, but in love and joy. While my brothers and I were all raised together under the same roof, I wonder how different we can be sometimes. Four kids, four different life paths, personalities and ambitions. We must follow a different path to let our light shine, and that’s what makes us so unpredictable and unique. In today’s world, expecting every child’s education to be the same, progress at the same rate and be measured against the narrow standards of performances is not just outdated, it’s also harmful to young people. I experienced this disconnect(脱节) firsthand after graduating from college. I had many opportunities in front of me, but they didn’t test my limits and my creativity to pursue my passions. At first, I took a job at a big consulting firm. However, I couldn’t shake my passion for music. I had followed the somewhat predictable path of a college graduate, but I was crazy about how to become an artist. Now I am a nine-time Grammy Awards winner who has sold multiple Top 10 Albums. Imagine what it would look like if our schools were set up to help people discover and pursue a personal passion instead of a predictable path? The good news is that a number of individuals and organizations are finding new ways to innovate in education. The goal is to create more student-centered environments that help young people not just do better in school but also discover what they love. We can’t live lives of joy if we can’t discover what we love doing with our lives. So let each person discover the power and uniqueness of his or her own passion. 13. What does the writer’s father think success should be measured in?
A. Pleasure. B. Ability. C. Wealth. D. Fame. 14. We can infer that the writer _________________________. A. is devoted to reforming the education system B. pursued his passions once he left college C. realized his dream before his graduation D. finally became an outstanding singer 15. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Where there is a will, there is a way. B. Let every child’s light shine. C. All that glitters is not gold. D. Let bygones be bygones. 第二节（共 5 小题；毎小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。选项中有两项为多余选项。 How to Motivate Yourself to Study Studying can be one of life’s most boring activities. 16 But you can change your attitude towards the hardship of studying by reminding yourself of a few basic but important truths! Remind yourself of your purpose. 17 Where do you see yourself in 5, 10, or even 20 years? The time you spend studying now will help to make your future dream a reality. Whether you are working towards a degree, a special skill, or some type of personal achievement, the act of studying is like a bridge between where you are now and where you want to be in the future.! 18 A well-educated person is a powerful person. Knowledge is priceless. A well-educated, knowledgeable person is a person who is able to navigate and excel better within the world around him/her. Dare yourself to succeed. 19 When you get over the barriers, you’ll realize that personal achievement and fulfillment are wonderful things. Allow yourself to do the things that can contribute to your personal achievement and fulfillment – like studying! Always keep a positive attitude. Your attitude towards study can have a huge impact on your motivation! 20 But if you have a positive attitude towards your study, you will be able to boost motivation, just by having a positive attitude towards it. A. Is it never too old to learn? B. Realize knowledge is power. C. What are your goals in life? D. Devote your spare time and energy to study. E. Thinking negatively is not helpful and will not help you to get motivated. F. In fact, the very nature of studying goes against the basic human desire to maximize pleasure.
G. Tell yourself you can successfully overcome any real or imagined difficulty standing in your way. 第二部分 英语知识运用（共两节， 满分 65 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A, B, C, D）中，选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Long ago, there were a mother and a son living a hard life in a small house. The mother worked ___21___ every day, but the family was always ___22___. One day, her son ___23___ his friend's bag. "Mom, what do you ___24___ of this bag?" His mother praised her son rather than ___25___ him. "It looks ___26___!" The next time, he stole a(an) ___27___. She praised him again and she put it on. His desire got ___28___ each day. He stole ___29___ and brought them to his mother. "How beautiful!" This time, she ___30___ and kissed her son. Then, because he was ___31___ by his mother, he started to steal even more ___32___ things. One day, the police ___33___ him. Before putting him in ___34___, he ___35___ the police to meet his mother. "You should not have done that. What's the matter with you? " The woman cried as soon as she saw her son. Her son ___36___. "If you had given me a(an) ___37___ like that when I stole the first bag, I could not have become a thief." She felt ___38___ as she looked at her son heading to prison. "If I only could turn back time, I would have punished him ___39___." She ___40___ that she always praised him, whatever he did. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. A. carelessly A. weak A. brought A. think A. loving A. terrible A. umbrella A. smaller A. shoes A. kicked A. encouraged A. expensive A. searched A. danger A. advised A. replied A. lesson A. shocked B. diligently B. wealthy B. got B. hear B. punishing B. ugly B. horse B. bigger B. glasses B. hugged B. educated B. beautiful B. suspected B. hospital B. required B. requested B. admiration B. hopeless C. happily C. healthy C. stole C. dream C. calming C. great C. overcoat C. louder C. vases C. stared C. hated C. useful C. caught C. prison C. demanded C. doubted C. feeling C. satisfied D. sadly D. poor D. saw D. inform D. aiding D. old D. oil lamp D. brighter D. jewels D. stood D. forced D. colorful D. ignored D. shelter D. begged D. remembered D. determination D. homeless
A. slightly A. reminded
B. daily B. repeated
C. regularly C. recalled
D. severely D. regretted
第二节：单项选择（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分） 从所给的 A，B，C，D 四个选项中选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 41．What do the five rings on the Olympic flag ? A．stand up for B．stand for C．stand out D．stand by 42．He is such a person that he will never any difficulties. A．determined, give in to B．determining, give in to C．determined, give up D．determining, give up 43．The dictionary Mike is gone. A．belongs to B．is belonged to C．is belonging to D．belonging to 44．Many passengers got seriously in the accident. A．injuring B．injured C． to injure D． being injured 45．They went out to sea the missing treasure. A．search for B．search C．in search of D．to search 46． we grow older, we grow wiser. A．When B．While C．Unless D．As 47． In 1936, computers were made as a “universal machine” to solve difficult mathematical problems. A．to work B．work C．working D．to be working 48．He is that we all like to get along with him. A．such a nice man B．a such nice man C．so a nice man D．a so nice man 49．He was late for school again, made the teacher very angry. A．it B．that C．for which D．which 50．He often dreams about going back to the village he grew up . A．that B．where C．in where D．when 51．There was a time I lost interest in English learning. Later, it was my English teacher, Miss Huang， helped me build up my confidence. A．when, who B．which, who C．that, that D．when, whom 52． we had expected, the result of the experiment was very good. A．Which B．That C．As D．What 53．He is a famous singer we are proud . A．of which B．of who C．of that D．of whom 54．Charlie Chaplin, ___________ childhood was hard, began acting at the age of five. A．who B．whom C．whose D. his 55． We are talking about a subject the importance _________ hasn’t yet been realized. A．which B．that C．whose D．of which 56．If I enough time, I will go to Hawaii for my holiday. A．will be given B．will give C. am given D. given 57．Mr. Black Shanghai in a few days. Do you know when the earliest plane off on Sunday? A．is leaving, is taking B．is leaving, takes C．leaves, will take D．leaves, takes
58．I like the English songs and they many times on the radio. A．have been taught B．have taught C．had been taught D．had taught 59．Hi, Mike, can I use your computer for a while? — Sorry, it now. A．has been repaired B．is repaired C．is being repaired D．will be repaired 60．He asked me . A．if had I seen the film B ． if have I seen the film C．if I have seen the film D． if I had seen the film 第 II 卷 注意：将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分。满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容或括号内单词的正确形式。 Ye Gong was well-known ___61___ his fondness for dragons. Dragons ___62___ (paint) and carved on the walls of his house. There were dragons everywhere, up and down, front and back. In the heaven, there was ___63__ real dragon. The dragon was very happy ___64___ (hear) that Ye Gong was so fond of dragons. One day, the sky ___65___ (sudden) darkened, and then ___66__ (come) wind, thunder and rain. The real dragon flew to Ye Gong's home. It poked（伸出） its head into the window in the south and coiled （绕） its tail to the window in the north, ___67__ (rock) the whole house. At the sight of a real dragon, Ye Gong was ___68___ (frighten) out of his wits. He trembled all over and hurriedly hid ___69___ (he). So it turned out that ___70___ Ye Gong liked was painted and carved fake dragons but not real ones. 第四节：完成句子（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 请根据所给的中文补全下列各句，每条横线上只能填写一个单词。 71．他经常遭受各种病痛的煎熬。 He often different illnesses. 72．这本书非常有趣，很值得再读一次。 The book is so interesting that it is for a second time. 73．他们听到这个笑话时都忍不住大笑起来。 They laughing when they heard the funny joke. 74．我们应保护环境，以免它受到破坏。 We should our environment being destroyed. 75．他总是很乐意帮助别人，从来没有想到过得到回报。 He is always ready to help others and never expects anything 第四部分：写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除和修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Yesterday I stepped into a restaurant for lunch. As I was waiting my order to come, I noticed the old man in a wheelchair roll himself over to a table. No one and me seemed to notice him. I got up and go over to his table and asked if that I could get him something to drink. He smiled and said, “Thank you.You are generously. I’d like any orange juice, please.”When I was getting ready to leave, I walked by the old man’s table to saying goodbye. He thanked me again and told me I had made his days, coming over and helping him out. I gave him a hug and told him he had made my day, either. 第二节 书面表达（25 分） 上周一，你们班就“校园内是否应该禁止学生使用手机”的问题进行了讨论，请根据以 下讨论内容用英语写一篇短文。 赞同 反对 你的观点？ 1. 沉迷于手机游戏和聊 1. 便于和家人联系，遇到困难时有安全感； 天；影响学习； 2. 可以获取各种各样信息，对学习帮助很 2. 耗时费钱。 大。 参考词汇：沉迷于 be addicted to 注意：1．词数：100 左右，开头第一句话已给出。 2．可根据内容需要适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。
参考答案： 一 阅读理解 第一节 1-4 BACA 5-8 BADB 9-12 ABCA 13-15 ADB 第二节 16-20 FCBGE 完形填空 21—25 BDCAB 26—30 CCBDB 31—35 AACCD 36—40AABDD 单项选择 41-45：BADBC 46-50：DAADB 51-55：ACDCD 56-60：CBACD 语法填空 61.for 62. were painted 63. a 64. to hear 65. suddenly; 66. came 67. rocking 68. frightened; 69. himself 70. what 完成句子 71. suffers from 72. worth reading 73. burst out 74. protect...from 75. in return 短文改错 讲述作者去餐馆发生的一个小故事。 1. waiting 后加 for 固定短语 wait for，意为“等待”。 2. the→an 泛指 old man，一个老男人。 3. and→but/except 表示“除了”。 4. go→went 与 got up 时态一致，用一般过去时态。 5. 去掉 that
6. generously→generous 系动词后用形容词。 7. any→some 陈述句一些用 some。 8. saying→say 因 to say 为动词不定式。 9. days→day 固定搭配 make one’s day，意为“让某人度过了充实的一天”。 10. either→too 肯定句中的“也”用 too 表达。 助读强化 step into 进入 roll v.左右摇晃 generous adj.慷慨的 give sb. a hug 拥抱某人 书面表达 One possible version: Last week, our class had a discussion about whether middle schools should ban their students from using mobile phones on campus. Some students think mobile phones should be banned because it’s easy for them to get addicted to games and chatting, which may have a bad effect on their study. It’s a waste of time and money. However, other students think mobile phones should not be banned. It’s convenient for them to get in touch with their families with mobile phones and they feel safer especially in time of trouble. Besides, they can get various information which is good for their studies. Mobile phones are very useful. But I don’t think we can use them freely in school.(105words) 【写作评分标准】 项 分值 评分标准 目 22-25 覆盖所有要点，内容充实；主题明确，语法结构多样，词汇丰富，用词得当,行文流畅， 显示出较强的语言运用能力，允许有个别语言错误，但不影响意思表达。 覆盖所给全部或绝大部分的内容要点，主题比较明确，内容较充实，行文较流畅，语 言有少量错误，但基本不影响意思表达。 基本覆盖所有要点，主题比较明确，个别内容不准确或者不相关。 词汇较丰富，有个别用词错误。较好地运用了合适的语言结构，有少许的语法错误。 但多数句子基本正确；基本达到预期写作目的。 要点不全，内容不完整，行文不够连贯；主题基本明确，有些内容不准确或者不相关。 语言错误较多，半数句子基本正确。 内容混乱，或主要内容偏离主题，尚能够写出少数与内容相关的可读句。文章有些地 方照抄源文。词汇贫乏，有较多的用词错误。大多数的句子出现语法错误。篇章结构 的连贯性差。 只包含与要点内容有关的一些单词。主题不明确，文章基本照抄原文。词汇极其贫乏， 基本不能正确用词。几乎没有正确的句子。篇章结构零乱。 wheelchair n.轮椅 go over to sb. 朝某人走去 say good-bye to sb. 和某人说再见
18-21 写 作 15-17 11-14 6-10 1-5
1）完全抄袭原文（或其它文章） 。 0 2）文不对题。 3）只写一些零散的单词，没有一个完整的句子。 写作主要考查考生语言结构的应用能力：能够用正确、规范的语言表达特定的内容。本 题目要求考生根据提示写一篇介绍“乒乓球”这一项体育运动的英文短文。要求行文连贯， 词数约 100 词左右。 在评分时， 应注意以下几个方面： 1． 按照评分标准，实行分析法评分：按语言、内容和连贯三项标准给分； 2． 在语言方面，重点评判句子的语法结构是否正确、用词是否规范；考生是否使用了 合适的句型结构； 3． 在内容方面，重点评判考生是否表达全部规定的内容，可适当增加细节。 4. 文不对题的，给 0 分。词数多于 120 词或少于 80 词的，扣 2 分。