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book1 unit2 Grammar 导学案


高一英语导学案 编写:黄丽红

审核:英语教研组

班级_____________ 姓名_____________

Book1 Unit 2 English around the world Grammar 学习目标:1.能在直接引语转间接引语时使用恰当的人称代词和时间状语 2 能正确使用间接引语的时态。 3.在交际情景中地使用间接引语正确恰当转述他人的话语 直接引语和间接引语(Ⅰ) 直接引语是指直接引用别人的原话,并在原话前后加引号; 间接引语是指用自己的话转述别人的话,多数以宾语从句的形式构成。 1.直接引语变为间接引语时,不同种类的句子有着不同的变化方式。陈述句、一般疑问句和特殊疑问句变为间 接引语时都转化成了宾语从句,宾语从句必须用陈述语序。 直接引语 间接引语 陈述句 用连词 that 引导,that 可以省略 用连词 if 或 whether 引导,said 改为 asked 一般疑问句 其后还可以加 sb,句子用陈述语序 特殊疑问句 用原来的特殊疑问词引导,句子用陈述语序 He said, “I’m from America.” →He said that he was from America. He said, “Are you interested in English?” →He asked me if / whether I was interested in English. “What do you want?” he asked me. →He asked me what I wanted. 2.直接引语变为间接引语时,从句中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、地点状语等都要作相应的变化。 人称的变化 “一随主”。直接引语中的第一人称在变为间接引语后,应与主句中主语的人称一致。 “二随宾”。若直接引语中有第二人称,变间接引语时,应与主句中的宾语的人称一致。 “三不变”。直接引语中的第三人称变间接引语时不需要变化。 He / I / You said to Rose, “I can help them.” →He / I / You told Rose that he / I / you could help them. He said to Rose, “She / He / They could help them.” →He told Rose that she / he / they could help them. 直接引语 一般现在时 现在进行时 一般将来时 一般过去时 现在完成时 时态的变化 间接引语 一般过去时 过去进行时 过去将来时 过去完成时 过去完成时

God helps those who help themselves.天助自助者。

高一英语导学案 编写:黄丽红

审核:英语教研组

班级_____________ 姓名_____________

过去完成时

过去完成时

注意:直接引语转换为间接引语时,总的原则是向过去推一个时态。 He said, “I’m afraid I can’t finish the work before dark.” →He said (that) he was afraid he couldn’t finish the work before dark. He said, “I’m using the knife.” →He said that he was using the knife. She said, “I’ll do it after class.” →She said (that) she would do it after class. He said, “I came to help you.” →He said (that) he had come to help me. She said, “I’ve not heard from him since May.” →She said (that) she had not heard from him since May. He said, “I had finished my homework before supper.” →He said (that) he had finished his homework before supper. 时态保持不变的情况 ●主句谓语动词为现在时,间接引语中的动词可保持原来的时态。 He says, “I had a good time last night.” →He says he had a good time the night before. ●过去进行时、过去完成时不变。 “American Indians had already been in America by that time,” the historian said. →The historian said American Indians had already been in America by that time. ●直接引语中若有具体的过去某年、某月、某日作状语,变为间接引语时,时态不变。 I said, “I was born in March, 1977.” →I said I was born in March, 1977. ●直接引语表达的是习惯性动作、客观事实或科学真理,变为间接引语时,时态不变。 “The moon moves around the earth,” the astronomer said. →The astronomer said the moon moves around the earth. 指示代词、时间状语、地点状语和动词的变化速记表 项目 直接引语 间接引语 this that 指示代词 these those now then today that day 时间状语 this week(month,etc.) that week(month,etc.) yesterday the day before God helps those who help themselves.天助自助者。

高一英语导学案 编写:黄丽红

审核:英语教研组

班级_____________ 姓名_____________

last week(month,etc.) the week(month,etc.)before three days(a year,etc.)ago three days (a year,etc.)before tomorrow the next (following) day next week(month,etc.) the next (following)week(month,etc.) there 地点状语 here come go 动词 注意 : 如果在当地转述 ,here 不必改为 there; come 也不必改为 go 。如果就在当天转述 , 则 today, yesterday, tomorrow 等状语也不必变化。 John said to me, “I told her all about it three days ago.” →John said to me that he had told her all about it three days before.

句型转换 (1)Tom said that they could go there together. →Tom said,“ →The teacher asked (3)Jane asked,“Is anybody seeing you off today?” →Jane asked seeing off . come here together.” quickly. (2)The teacher said,“You must go quickly,Tom!”

Ⅰ.选词填空 suffer; suffer from; be tired of; be tired with 1.His friend has ill health for some years. 2.They huge losses in the financial crisis (经济危机) in 2009. 3.Homeless dogs usually hunger. 4.He is careless, and should the criticism (批评). 5.I learning the boring grammar rules and lifeless words. Ⅱ.把以下直接引语变为间接引语 1.He said, “I’ve left my book in my room.” 2.She said, “He will be busy.” 3.She said to Tom, “Can you help me?” 直接引语和间接引语(Ⅱ)

1.祈使句的间接引语——采用“动词+宾语+不定式”结构。 2.如果祈使句是表示请求,间接引语的动词常用 ask, beg, request 等;如果是表示命令,间接引语的动词常用 tell, order, command, desire 等。 God helps those who help themselves.天助自助者。

高一英语导学案 编写:黄丽红

审核:英语教研组

班级_____________ 姓名_____________

3.表示请求或命令的祈使句由直接引语变为间接引语时,要特别注意以下几点: ●省去的主语常常要补上,且多使用一个不定式。 He said, “Come here.” → He asked me to go there. Mrs Li said, “Don’t play in the street.” → Mrs Li told us not to play in the street. ●有时也可使用一个从句。 “Don’t open the letter,” he said. → He said that I wasn’t to open the letter. 4.直接引语如果是以“Let’s”开头的祈使句,变为间接引语时,通常用“suggest + v-ing(或从句)”。 He said, “Let’s go to the film.”→He suggested going to the film. / He suggested that we should go to the film. 5.感叹句从直接引语变为间接引语时,要注意: 适当改动引用动词,仍然使用 what 和 how 作连词,语序不变。 感叹句从直接引语变为间接引语时,也可以用 that 引导,将句子变成相应的宾语从句。 如果直接引语中的谓语动词是一般现在时、现在完成时或将来时,变成间接引语时,时态无需变化。(这一点同 样适用于陈述句和疑问句。) He said, “Oh, what a pity this is!” →He cried out what a pity that was. He says to us, “What bad weather it is!” →He tells us that the weather is really bad. 请把下列直接引语转化成间接引语 1.The teacher said to the students, “Dont waste your time.” 2.The mother said, “Tom, get up early, please.” 3.He said, “How happy I am!” 4.“Please close the window, ”he said to me. 5.He said, “Don’t do that again.” 6.Rose asked Tom, “Did you see my purse?” 7.“You’ve already got well, haven’t you?” she asked. 8.The boy said, “May I go along with you?”

God helps those who help themselves.天助自助者。

高一英语导学案 编写:黄丽红

审核:英语教研组

班级_____________ 姓名_____________

【总结反思】:这节课我学会了哪些知识点及对哪些知识还有疑问: ______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________

God helps those who help themselves.天助自助者。



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