their________trips. A．separated；divided C．divided；separate
leave behind 留下(不带走)，遗忘(没拿)， 7．把??撇在后面，超过 leave off 停止，戒除 leave word 留下话(口信)归纳拓展 Leave it with me！把这事交给我吧！ (2)on leave 休假 ask for leave 请假 Leave out the details，just tell us the main facts. 省略细节，告诉我们主要事实。 You've left out a zero in this phone number. 你在这个电话号码中漏掉了一个零。 All the others seemed to know each (3)other and I began to feel left out. 其他所有的人看上去都彼此认识， (4)于是我开始觉得被冷落了。 【链接训练】 ①—Are you going to have a holiday this year? —I'd love to.I can't wait to leave this place ______. A．off B．out C．behind D．over ②When you rewrite the paragraph， (5)I advise you to ______ the last sentence as it is rather misleading. A．point out B．make out C．leave out D．put out step2 疑难语句细解 1．For example，Northern Ireland， 2．England and Scotland have different educational and legal systems as well as different football teams for competitions like the World Cup！ 例如：北爱尔兰、英格兰和苏格兰在教育体制和立法体制上 都存在差异。在参加像世界杯之类的比赛时，它们有各自的 足球队。 句型 as well as 意为“也” ，往往连接两个平行的结构， 当其连 接两个主语时，谓语动词要随 as well as 前面的主语的人称和 数进行变化。 仿写 (1)他不但会讲英语和法语，还会讲西班牙语。 He _______________________________________. (2)房屋的建筑不但要进入充分的新鲜空气， (3)而且能进入充足 的光线。 Houses should be built so as to admit plenty of light ________ of fresh air. (3)不但是我，他对这件事也有责任。 He as well as I __ responsible for it. 2．It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London.这似乎是一件怪事：这 位发展了共产主义的人竟然在伦敦生活过，并且在伦敦去世。 句型 should have done 用在某些从句中时，可表示惊奇，意为 “竟然做了某事” 。 仿写 (1)我真没想到他竟然会说出这样的话。 I never thought that he ____________________. (2)真想不到像他这样的人竟然会出这么愚蠢的错误。 I can’t imagine a person like him ____________________ 拓展 should have done 一般作“本来该做??而实际没做”解，
Unit 2 The United Kingdom 【学习目标】 1.词汇：consist，含有 break 的固定短语，leave out etc; 2.疑难语句细解 3.写作 【学习重点】 本单元重点词语： unite; kingdom; consist；province; clarify; accomplish; conflict; unwilling; union; credit; currency; institution; convenience; rough(ly); nationwide; attract ; collection; administration; port; countryside; enjoyable; description; fax; possibility; quarrel; alike; arrange … consist of ;divide… into; break away (from); to one’s credit; leave out; take the place of ;break down 【学习难点】 写作时表示好处/优点的句子 【基础知识】 Step1Revise new words 1. How many countries does the UK consist of ? ( p9 ) Study the following and see how consist is used （1）The committee consists of seven members. （2）Water consist of hydrogen and oxygen. consist 词性_____含义________________（与________ 连用， 不用于进 行时） （3) The beauty of Venice consists in the style of its ancient buildings. consist 词性_____ 含义______________ （与____连用， 无被动式） Translate: 他的工作包括帮助那些无人照顾的独居老人。 ________________________________who live alone. 他们家很大，有十口人。 Theirs is a big family,________ ____ ten people. The girl’s charm does not _____ ___her beauty. 【拓展】 consist with 意为“与??一致，符合” 理论应与实践相一致。
3. You can clarify this question if you study British history. (p9) Study the following and see how clarify is used Could you clarify the question ? His mind suddenly clarified. clarify 词性_____含义______________ 词性______含义_____________ 4.However , the southern part of Ireland was unwilling and broke away to form its own government. (p10) Study the following and see how break away is used 【复习】 含有 break 的固定短语，常见的有： (1)break ________打断；插嘴 (2)break ________强行闯入 (3)break ________发生；爆发(vi.) (4)break ________突破；克服 (5)break ________弄破；折散 【链接训练】 ①News reports say peace talks between the two countries ________ with no agreement reached. A．have broken down B．have broken out C．have broken in D．have broken up ②Taiwan is never allowed _____ the mainland anyway.It is known to all that it belongs to China. A．to break out B．to break in C．to break away from D．breaking away from
【注意】由于 consist 是不及物动词，所以不用于被动语态，而 make up 可 以用于被动语态。请比较： 我们班由 50 名学生组成。 Our class _______ _____fifty students. Our class ____ _____ _____ ___ fifty students. 2. England can be divided into three main areas. ( p9 ) Study the following and see how divide is used. 1)A stream divides the town. 2)Let’s divide ourselves into two groups. 3)If you divide 30 by 5, the answer is 6. [辨析] divide 与 separate: A fence _________ the cows_____ the pigs. Let’s ________these books ______ten parts. separate 与 divide (1)separate 指把原来结合在一起、靠在一起的人或物“分开或隔离” ，含有 分开后不再相互接触的意味。常与 from，by 一起搭配使用。 用作形容词，意为“单独的，分离的” 。 (2)divide 强调把原来的整体分成若干部分，即化整为零，通常分得比较均 匀，且含有强行分割的意味。 常与介词 between，among，by，into 搭配。 【链接训练】 The whole class were________into seven groups and each group went on
5. To their credit the four countries do work together in some areas, but they still have very different institutions . (p10) 1）Do you give credit to what the man said? credit 词性_____ 词义_______ 2）She was given the credit for what I had done. credit 词性_____ 词义_______ 3)He earned enough credits for his degree. credit 词性_____ 词义_______ 4) No credit is given at this shop. credit 词性_____ 词义_______ How much do I have to my credit? credit 词性_____ 词义_______ The bank refused further credits to the company. credit 词性_____ 词义_______ Is this item a debit or a credit? credit 词性_____ 词义_______ 另外 credit 也可以作动词，表示“相信； 存款; 把?归功于” Do you credit what that man said? Please credit $5000 to my account？ Much of their success can be credited to their teacher. 6．leave out 省去；遗漏；不考虑，忽视 归纳拓展 (1)leave alone 不管，别惹；让??独自呆着；不打扰 leave aside 搁置 leave for 动身到(某处)
用来表示对已发生事情的不满或责备等语气。 (3)五分钟前火车已出发，你该早一点来到。 The train left five minutes ago.You_________________________. (4)你说得对，我是该想到这一点的。 You are right.I ________________________. 链接 ought to have done 本来该做某事 could have done 本来能做某事 might have done 本来可以做某事 needn’t have done 本来不必做某事 Step3.写作积累 表示好处/优点 (1)It has the following advantages. (2)It does us a lot of good. (3)It’s good for you to take regular exercise. (4)Her advice was a great help. (5)It will bring benefit to you. (6)It is to your advantage. (7)It is advantageous to your future career. (8)It benefits us quite a lot. (9)It is beneficial to us. (10)It is of great benefit to us. (11)We can benefit greatly from it. (12)Walking and running are both healthy forms of exercise. (13)It helps a lot./It will help./It is of great help to... (14)It has brought us great convenience. 【基础巩固】 用所学单词使下列句子完整。 1.Canada has ten _____________ (省) . 2.I must ________ (澄清）my reasons for not having attended the meeting. 3.I ______________ (完成) two hours' work before dinner. 4. The two stories ___________ (冲突), so I did not know what to believe. 5. She was _________ (不情愿) to face facts. 6. We should ________(联合) to fight poverty and disease. 7. Coins are now in _________ (流通). 8. It is a great ____________（方便）to have a cell phone. 9. Marriage became an __________ (制度) in ancient societies. 10. He played __________ (粗鲁地) with the baby. 11. We were __________ (吸引) by the display of lights. 12. There are many vessels in the _________ (港口).
8.The TV has ______ ______again. 9.His sense of touch gradually _____ ____ ____ ___ sight. 10. It is greatly ___ ____ _____ that Mike gave back the money he found. 2.你能用它们分别造一个句子吗？ (1)benefit___________________________________________ (2)beneficial_________________________________________ (3)help_____________________________________________ (4)convenient_______________________________________ (5)healthy___________________________________________ 【自我反思】
13. A rural region is called____________ (农村).
【拓展提升】 1.请用本单元所学短语填空： consist of ; consist in ; divide? into ; separate? from ; break away from ; to one’s credit; leave out ; take the place of ; break down 1. He ________ a large house ______ flats. 2. The English Channel ________ England ______France. 3. The beauty of this picture _______ ____ its balance of colours. 4.The House of Commons (下议院) _______ ____658 members. 5. She_____ _______ when she heard the news. 6. Modern art has ____ _____ _____ the old tradition. 7.you’ve ____ _____the most important word in this sentence.