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英语课件英语课件英语课件高二英语课件:高二英语动词不定式的用法


高中英语同步辅导

现行人教版教材
Book2A Unit1 动词不定式的用法

动词不定式
1. 动词不定式的用法

1. 作主语

2. 作宾语
3. 作定语 4. 作表语 5. 作宾补 6. 作状语

2. 巩固练习

1

. 动词不定式作主语
动词不定式作主语,谓语动词用第三人称单数。 How to get enough money is still a question. To make a plan for our study is very important.

1. 动词不定式作主语
有时候为了保持句子平衡,常用it作形式主语, 放到句首,而将作真实主语的动词不定式放 到句末。
It will take a whole day to get there by car. It is important to make a plan for our study. It is impossible for me to finish the work in a week.

2. 动词不定式作宾语
动词不定式作宾语常用于下列及物动词后: want, agree, decide, manage, wish, hope, ask, like, love 等等。

I have learned to drive the car.
He promised to come but he hasn’t turn up yet. He pretended to be reading when his mother came into his room.

动词不定式作宾语应注意的问题
2. 如果不定式作宾语而后面又有一个宾语 补足语,这时要用it作形式宾语而把这个 动词不定式放到补语后。 I feel it my duty to help you. I thought it impossible to finish the job in such a limited time.

3.动词不定式作定语

He was the last one to leave school yesterday. We have much homework to do everyday.

4.动词不定式作表语
动词不定式常放在系动词(be动词)后作表 语,有时也放在其他少数连系动词如: remain, seem, sound等后。

His plan is to spend a few days in the countryside. He appears to have caught cold.

5.动词不定式作宾补
常要求跟动词不定式作宾语的动词有: (1)可接带to的不定式作宾补的动词有: ask, get, allow, prefer, advise, cause, tell, teach,wish, invite, encourage等

You’d better get Tom to do it. She doesn’t allow me to use her computer. The teacher told him not to be late again. He invited us to attend his birthday party.

(2)可跟省to的动词不定式作宾补的动词有: 在部分感官动词和使役动词后,如: see, watch, notice, observe, look at, listen to, feel, make, let, have 注:help后可跟省to或带to的不定式作宾补。

The teacher had us recite the text every day. I was let do the experiment alone.

6.动词不定式作状语
动词不定式作状语用来修饰动词、形容词、 副词或整个句子,通常表示目的、原因、结 果、程度等。

I got up early in order to /so as to catch the first bus. (作目的状语) To learn English well, you should practise it whenever possible. (作目的状语) He wept to hear the news. (作原因状语) I am glad to see you here. (作原因状语)

巩固练习
1. Several of these machines are out of order and______. D
A.need to be repairing B. repairing is required of them C. require that they be repaired. D. need to be repaired. 解析:and并列谓语动词, need to be repaired相当 于need repairing.

2.— I wish you had brought your family with you. B — I’ll get them _______ next time. A. coming B. to come

C. come

D. have come

解析:使役动词get后跟带to的动词不定 式作宾补,let,make, have后跟省to的 动词不定式作宾补。

3. We climbed to the top of the tower ________a better view of the area. D A. getting B. got

C. having got

D. to get

解析:动词不定式作目的状语,其余几个没 这功能。

4. What is the way Smith thought of _________ D enough money to buy the new house. A. getting B. having got

C. being got

D. to get

解析:名词the way后跟有两个定语,一个是 定语从句Smith thought of, 一个是动词不定 式to get enough money to buy the new house.

6. Wang Dong wanted to surf the Internet, but his father told him __________. D
A. not to do C. do not to B. not do it D. not to

解析:tell sb. (not) to do sth. 为了避免重 复,后面省略了surf the Internet.

7. The party was successful, but we thought it a pity not _________ you. D
A. invite C. inviting B. to invite D. to have invited

解析:it为形式宾语,动词不定式作真实宾 语,没有邀请这动作发生在晚会前,故用动 词不定式的完成式。

See you next time!


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