江苏省泰州中学 2017 届高三上学期摸底考试英语试题
命题人： 试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两卷，满分 120 分，考试时间 120 分钟。 第 I 卷将正确的选项填涂在答题卡的相应位置上，第 II 卷做在答题纸上。 第一卷 选择题（共三部分，满分 85 分） 第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分
5 分） 请听下面 5 段对话，每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题，每段对话仅读一遍。 1. According to the man, why would people make fun of him? A. For running B. For falling C. For tying his shoes
2. How will the woman probably feel about this news? A. Glad B. Worried C. Disappointed
3. Why was the woman probably in the pool? A. It was hot Amy 4. Why will the man need to find another present? A. The store is closed expensive 5. Where are the speakers? A. At a concert B. At Kate’s house C. At a restaurant B. The store is too far away C. The jacket is too B. She was pushed in C. She was swimming with
第二节 （共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A new city library B. Their math homework C. Their college
library 7. Why does the man probably want to have coffee? A. He is tried B .He misses the old days C. He wants to meet the math professor there 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What is the man asking the woman to do? A. Visit Florida B. Move to New York C. Move to Florida
9. What is the woman mainly worried about? A. The heat ground 10. Where did the woman hear about the holes? A. From a newspaper grandchildren 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. What does the woman want? A. A less complicated life comfortable car 12. What does the man say about fisherwomen? A. They dress up sometimes B. They wear ugly shoes C. They don’t wear fancy shoes 13. According to the man, what does the woman like to do? A. Eat simple food 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. What is the woman mainly talking about? A. A computer program B. A picture in a magazine C. A TV show B. Go to concerts C. Stay on the beach B. More crazy things in life C. A more B. From her daughters C. From her other B .Too many insects C. Falling into the
15. What does the woman think of the model? A. She’s too thin makeup on B. She’s very pretty C. She has too much
16. What does the man think of the woman? A. She is optimistic much 17. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Friends wife 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. How old was Messi when he started playing soccer? A. 5 years old 19. Which soccer club does Messi play for? A. Valencia 20. Why did Messi’s family move to Spain? A. They ’d always wanted to live there B. The clubs in Argentina paid too little C. A Spanish club offered to pay Messi’s bills 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上相应位置进 行填涂。 21. Raising ________retirement age step by step is in _________ line with China’s labor market realities and should be prioritized. A. the; / B /; the C. /;/ D. the; the b. Barcelona C. Madrid B .11 years old C. 13 years old B. Reporter and actor C. Husband and B. She is too curious C. She concerned too
22. Pablo is a(n)_________ person. At parties, he always spends time talking to anyone who looks nervous and out of place. A. conservative B. enthusiastic C. sensitive D. stubborn
23. It ’s unwise of you to consider his wild behavior as _________ a kid’s game. It may gradually develop into a bad habit. A. no less than more than 24. It is so good a habit to instruct children to lay things _______ they belong when they are B. less than C. not more than D. no
young. A. to which where 25. The Second World War, _________ the earlier one in 1914, promoted public concern about the physical and intellectual well-being of the country ’s human resources. A. so were were 26. A wise mother will never get herself into the state of her children ________ to the slightest possibility of danger. A. exposed be exposed 27. You wouldn’t normally __________ these two writers; their styles are completely different. A. distinguish divorce 28. The program will encourage outstanding Chinese students to apply to Yale and assure them, _____they be admitted, ________ we will offer them financial support. A. should; that could; which 29. There’s little chance that we will succeed in changing our fate. _________, it is important that we try. A. Meanwhile Therefore 30. Sharing a flat with someone helps ease one’s loneliness, but living alone _____me, for I can play music as loud as I want. A. caters to responds to 31. Dear me! Just ________ at the time! I ________ no idea it was so late. A. look; had responds to 32. ________ the severe traffic pressure, many city authorities have started to restrict the use of B. refers to C. appeals to D. B. refers to C. appeals for D. B. Nevertheless C. Otherwise D. B. would; that C. might; which D. B. associate C. adjust D. B. exposing C. being exposed D. to B. so did C. as did D. as B. that C. in which D.
private vehicles. A. By means of response to 33. Never shall I forget that poem and the inspiration _________provided for my first novel. A. which what 34. The international situation is currently undergoing great changes ________ UNESCO plays an irreplaceable role in promoting international cooperation. A. That where 35. ----You must be fond of listening to music ----it is called a universal language. ----___________ Classic music is my favorite. A. Come off it! No kidding! 第二节完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的 最佳选项，并在答题卡上相应位置进行填涂。 Everyone who has faced disappointment or loss knows that it ’s not always easy to accept what life brings. From early childhood we experience situations in life that seem 36 or that don’t make sense to us, from an unequal distribution of toys to all manner of bad things happening to 37 people. When we find ourselves faced with the __38 of life’s apparent unfairness, it’s often hard to let go and accept things as they are. The 39 part of non-acceptance of others, of those aspects of ourselves that we don’t part non-acceptance of others, of those aspects of ourselves that we don’t 40 or of situations we face in life that seem greatly unfair is that we stay stuck, and we stay stressed. Paradoxically (很矛 盾地), 41 to accept those things in life that are unacceptable is often the most 42 releasing ourselves from our negative emotions. __43 accepting those bad things in life is often easier said than don, it’s much easier done 44 , and you have a plan. Each of these 45 can help you to more , it becomes easier still. step in B .You bet it! C. That ’s all right! D. B. what C. which D. B. that C. it D. B. In terms of C. With regard to D. In
when you know where to
easily practice acceptance. Used ___46
You can 47 yourself with some techniques. One of the most 48 ways is to actively focus on everything we have to appreciate. We now know that appreciation is a key component to happiness and inner 49 , so this is an important tool for acceptance and for overall life differently about
50 . Often when we view things from a different perspective, we can 51 them, and this 52
in feeling can make acceptance come much easier. That act of 53 things
differently can help us to see the positive in what looks like the negative, and can help us to see the hidden ___54 of a difficult situation. This act doesn’t 55 the situation, but it can help
us to see the situation differently, which can be transformative. 36. A. unfair unknown 37. A. healthy rich 38. A. complaint dilemma 39. A. bare blank 40. A. like check 41. A. continuing learning 42. A. optional interesting 43. A. Until 44. A. start belong 45. A. duties tools 46. A. again ahead 47. A. teach B. charge C. free D. B. together C. hard D. B. versions C. facts D. B. Since B. rise C. While C. appear D. Once D. B. important C. potential D. B. promising C. deserving D. B. predict C. believe D. B. difficult C. lame D. B. choice C. reality D. B. good C. lucky D. B. unhelpful C. unnecessary D.
associate 48. A. negative effective 49. A. wisdom warmth 50. A. consideration attraction 51. A. worry feel 52. A. source direction 53. A. looking for looking after 54. A. benefits systems 55. A. describe access 第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面的短文，然后从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Love working with children? Looking for an exciting new opportunity? Want to work on a friendly, fun and supportive team? This is what our team member Anna says about working at My Crèche: “It’s the nicest place I’ve ever worked. Everyone is so friendly and we have so much fun working together. They give me opportunities to learn new things every day. They care about my personal development. Working at My Creche has enabled me to build relationships with the children as well as parents within the community which makes me feel so welcomed in the local area.” B. exploit C. change D. B. threads C. clues D. B. looking at C. looking up D. B. shift C. dignity D. B. care C. talk D. B. devotion C. satisfaction D. B. peace C. sympathy D. B. aggressive C. alternative D.
Conveniently located in the heart of Crouch End,London,N8, My Creche offers drop-in and pre-booked childcare for children aged 6 weeks to 5 years of age. We also provide after-school and breakfast clubs for children up to 8 years old. Our goal is to enable parents to pursue personal and professional activities when they need to, with total peace of mind knowing their children are being cared for in a safe and fun environment. We are looking for an enthusiastic and committed professional with excellent interpersonal skills, who is committed to ensuring the best outcomes and care for children. This is an excellent opportunity for a proactive individual to be a part of a fresh and progressive childcare concept and we welcome newly qualified professionals. We are a small and very supportive team with great training opportunities. The successful candidate will: ●Have a certificate Level 3 in Childcare and Education. ●Have experience working with children. ●Be an excellent communicator with strong people skills. ●Be energetic and able to multi-task. Salary: ? 16,500 — ? 19,000 per year depending on experience and qualifications. Full time (flexible work available) and 28 days annual leave. 56. The author uses Anna's words mainly to______ . A. examine C. compare B. inform D. advertise
57. What does a successful candidate need? A. A college degree. B. A language certificate Level 3. C. Great skills in communicating with people. D. Years of working experience with children. B Did you hear what happened at yesterday ’s meeting? Can you believe it? If you find those sorts of quietly whispered questions about your so-workers irresistible, you’re hardly alone. But why are we drawn to gossip?
A new study suggests it's because the rumors are all about us. "Gossip receivers tend to use positive and negative group information to improve, promote, and protect the self," writes a research team led by Elena Martinescu of the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. In the journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, the researchers describe two experiments testing the personal value gossip receivers get. The first featured 178 university undergraduates who had all previously worked on at least one course assignment with a group of four or more students. Participants were asked to recall and write a short description of an incident in which a group members shared with them either positive or negative information about another group member's secret. They then reported their level of agreement with a series of statements. Some of these measured the self-improvement value of the gossip ("The information received made me think I can learn a lot from X"); others measured its self-promotion value ("The information I received made me feel that I am doing well compared to X"). Still others measured whether the gossip raised personal concerns ("The information I received made me feel that I must protect my image in the group"). In the second experiment,122 undergraduates were assigned the role of "sales agent" at a major company. They received gossip from a colleague that a third person either did very well or very badly at a performance evaluation, and were then asked about the emotions that information caused. They also responded to the above-mentioned set of statements presented to participants in the first experiment. In each experiment, participants found both negative and positive gossip to be of personal value with different reasons. "Positive gossip has self-improvement value," they write. "Competence-related positive gossip about others contains lessons about how to improve one's own competence." On the other hand, negative gossip has self-promotion value, because it provides individuals with social comparison information that justifies self-promoting judgments which results in feelings of pride." In addition, the results "showed that negative gossip elicited self-protection concerns," the researchers write. "Negative gossip makes people concerned that their reputations may be at risk, as they may personally become targets of negative gossip in the future, which generates fear." Fear is hardly a pleasant sensation(感觉), but it can be a motivating one. As researchers put it:
"Gossip conveniently provides individuals with indirect social-comparison information about relevant others." 58. Why are we drawn to gossip according to the researchers? A. We need evaluative information about others to evaluate ourselves. B. We are interested in the news that arouses our personal concerns. C. We tend to gain a sense of pride from judging others. D. We are likely to learn lessons from others’ mistakes. 59. According to the first experiment, which of the following shows self-promotion value? A. I’ve done better than Mary according to what Tom said about her. B. I should behave myself in case of being gossiped about like Mary. C. I have to learn from Mary according to what Tom said about her. D. I have no comments on what Tom said about Mary. 60. What’s the critical difference of the second experiment compared with the first one? A. The identities of the participants. B. The number of the participants studied. C. The time during which the experiment lasted. D. The role-play technique used in the experiment. 61. What role does “negative gossip” play according to the researchers? A. A fear killer C. A protector B. A motivator D. A subject provider C If your in-box is currently reporting unread messages in the hundreds or thousands, you might have a hard time believing the news: e-mail is on the decline. At first blush, that might seem to be the case. The incoming generation, after all, doesn't do e-mail. Oh, they might have an account. They use it only as we would a fax machine: as a means to communicate with old-school folks like their parents or to fulfill the sign-up requirements of Web sites. They rarely check it, though. Today's instant electronic memos—such as texting and Facebook and Twitter messages—are more direct, more concentrated, more efficient. They go without the salutation(称呼语) and the signoff; we already know the “to” and “from.” Many corporations are moving to messaging
networks for exactly that reason: more signal, less noise and less time. This trend is further evidence that store-and-forward systems such as e-mail and voicemail are outdated. Instead of my leaving you a lengthy message that you pick up later, I can now send you an unobtrusive, easily -consumed message that you can read—and respond to—on the go. The decline of e-mail corresponds neatly to the dawn of the mobile era. Instantaneous(及时) written messages are different. These are neatly tailored to fit in just about any time: before a movie, in a taxi, waiting for lunch. And because these notes are invariably brief, they're a natural for smartphone typing. With these formats, you also have control over who can correspond with you, which you usually don't in e-mail. And especially on Facebook, instant messaging can take on the character of a chat room, where several people can talk at once. Does this mean e-mail is on its way to the dustbin of digital history? Not necessarily. E-mail still has certain advantages. Whereas tweets and texts feel ephemeral—you read them, then they're gone, into an endless string, e-mail still feels like something you have and that you can file, search and return to later. It's easy to imagine that it will continue to feel more appropriate for formal communications: agreements, important news, longer explanations. So, e-mail won't go away completely. Remember, we've been through a transition like this not so long ago: when e-mail was on the rise, people said that postal mail was dead. That's not how it works. Postal mail found its smaller niche, and so will e-mail. Technology rarely replaces an institution completely; it just adds new avenues. E-mail down, messaging up. Now go clean out your in-box. 62. What would the incoming generation like to do with their e-mail accounts? A. Contact close friends C. Fill in some forms B. Send long messages D. Communicate with their colleagues
63. Paragraphs 3-4 are important to the passage in that they _________. A. illustrate the preferences of the young generation B. explain the possible reasons behind the decline of e-mail C. reveal the rapid development of e-communication channels D. offer evidence about the uncertain future of easily-consumed messages 64. What does the underlined word “ephemeral” in paragraph 5 mean? A. Conveniently-sent B. Randomly-written
C. Hardly readable
65. What does the author think of e-mail being replaced? A. Negative B. Indifferent D Last summer, I spent an afternoon with my daughter, Ava Scarlett. As her mother, I know about her true nature, but you can always learn new things about your child through how she makes the tough I asked, “Which would you rather have? All the Barbies (toys girls like much) or all the cake? Ava had a wrinkle formed on her nose. It wasn’t a fair question, of course, but I was curious. My daughter is seven years old, and like many kids her age, she has a red-hot love of barbies. I sometimes worry about what Mattel’s plastic princess and her straight, blond hair and unrealistic measurements will don to my daughter ’s developing psyche. My daughter, like many kids her age, is fascinated with cakes of all kinds. But it’s not about eating them—or not solely(单独地). She wants to be the person baking amazing shapes and colors. Unblinking, her eyes shine as show watches chocolate. Ava Scarlett turned, staring at me with her answer in mind. And it was good. “Why can’t we have both and share with everyone who wants?” My daughter always splits her cookie in two so her brother can have some. She offers me her last bite of cucumber, even though it ’s her favorite vegetable. She wants us to know how much she cares for us-each of us. and she even makes the list of loved ones who will get to have her dream cakes. Truth to be told, we don’t bake a whole lot in our house. But given the opportunity, Ava Scarlett is satisfied with baking cakes for the family. Today, it’s dinner: she has declared herself in charge of beating the egg for dinner. Carefully, she carries her little white chair over to the fridge. The chair isn’t heavy, and she’s now big enough to lift it easily-no more dragging it across the floor. Looking into the wire basket of brown and white eggs we keep in the fridge, Ava Scarlett has a question of her own. “Can I choose any egg I want?” “Of course.” She takes a long moment.” I think I’ll choose a brown one, because I love my mother.” I C. Ambiguous D. Doubtful
blink----Ava Scarlett often doesn’t realize that she is also brown. I remember wanting to be a standard Barbie when I was seven, too, which is really just a way of saying, “I don’t want to feel different.” I give my daughter a quick smile. She does her best and then reaches in to pick one out. I know she did so to express her love for me and our family. At this moment, I choose to accept her comment as a generous one. Ava Scarlett’s desire is for people around her to be as happy as possible. She wants things to be smooth. These days, though she’d rather be Barbie than a brown egg, she’d never want me to feel abandoned by her. This little apple hasn’t fallen very far from my tree. It’s amazing what your children mirror back. I hand Ava Scarlett a fork. “Did you know that eggs come in all kinds of colors and shapes? They ’re all exactly the same on the inside, though. Just like people.” “I know.” She said. I can almost hear the gears in her head turning my words over and around. Of course, eggs are the same on the inside, just like people, she’s thinking. I know she understands this. 66. What made the author so worried? A. That her daughter loves only Barbies and ignores other toys. B. That Barbies would have a negative effect on her daughter. C. That she was too busy to be there for her daughter D. That her daughter doesn’t know how to share 67. How does the author ’s express love to her? A. By selecting a brown egg B. By sharing her cookie with her C. By giving up her favorite Barbies D. By giving good comments to please her 68. How does the author feel about her daughter ’s egg-choosing answer? A. It’s surprising but comforting B . It’s painful but understandable C. It’s bitter and disappointing D. It’s worrying and annoying 69. What does “She’d rather be a Barbie than a brown egg ” mean?
A. She’d rather play toys than make the dinner B .She’s rather abandon her desire for beauty C. She’d rather change her identity as a brown girl D. She’d rather make others happy than satisfy her own needs 70. What would be the most appropriate title for this selection? A. Mother knows best B. My daughter ’s choice C. Sharing makes a better world D. Following your heart rather than your head 第二卷非选择题（共两部分，满分 35 分） 第一部分 任务型阅读（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格的空格处填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题纸上相应题号的横线上，每个空格只填 1 个单词。 A great many parents send their children to pre-school---educational programs for children under the age of five. It has been said that his is the time period when the brain does over fifty percent of its growing. This could mean that the learning process should be introduced during these years. However, the views that different societies hold regarding the purpose of early childhood education are not same. Whereas Chinese parents tend to see preschools primarily as a way of giving children a good start academically, parents in the United States regard the primary purpose of preschools as making children more independent and self-reliant. Preschools can operate under a guiding philosophy of play-based or academic learning. Play-based programs are guided by the central belief that children learn best through play. Play is thought to build children’s interest and love of learning. Academic programs emphasize reading, math and science, and use structured, teacher-directed activities to promote foundational skills in these areas. In the United States, the best-known program designed to promote future academic success is Head Start. The program, which stresses parental involvement, was designed to serve the “whole child”, including children’s physical health, self-confidence, social responsibility, and social and emotional development.
A recent evaluation suggests that preschoolers who participate in Head Start are less likely to repeat grades, and more likely to complete school in future. Furthermore, graduates of Head Start programs show higher academic performance at the end of high school, although the gains are modest. In addition, results from other types of preschool readiness programs indicate that for every dollar spent on the program, taxpayers saved seven dollars by the time the graduates reached the age of 27. Not everyone agrees that programs that seek to enhance academic skills during the preschool years are a good thing. In fact, according to developmental psychologist David Elkind, United States society tends to push children so rapidly that they begin to feel stress and pressure at a young age. Elkind argues that academic success is largely dependent upon factors such as inherited abilities and a child’s rate of maturation, which parents can do nothing about. Consequently, children of a particular age cannot be expected to master educational material without taking into account their current level of cognitive(认知的) development. In short, children require development appropriate educational practice, which is education that is based on both typical development and the unique characteristics of a given child. Early Childhood Education ?The (71) Reasons for attending preschools five. ?Parents’ expectations of preschools (72) ?Some programs (73) Functions of preschools ▲ ▲ greatly. ▲ of the brain matures under the age of
on play activities while
others on academic activities. ?Parents are (74) ▲ in some preschool programs. ▲ to go to school.
?Graduates are more (76) (75) ▲ of attending preschools ?It can be (77)
?Graduates may achieve higher grades at high school. ▲ for households in the long term.
?Children feel pressured at a young age. ?Factors determining academic success are beyond (78) ▲ about preschools parents’ (79) ▲ . ▲ with
?Early childhood education must be (80)
children’s development and characteristics.
第二部分 书面表达（满分 25 分） John was travelling by ship to Europe when a terrible storm came. A great leak was filling the ship with water. No matter how hard the sailors and passengers worked at the pumps, the water was still rising. The ship was sinking fast. There seemed to be no hope. But the captain told them not to give up hope. He said that there was hope so long as the ship remained above water. He promised that if they didn’t give up hope, he would land them safely. The captain’s powerful will moved them all. In the end he did them safely. After they landed, John found the captain to show his appreciation. But to his surprise, the captain said to him that he was the boy of 30 years ago who bought a geography book in his bookstore. John suddenly thought of the boy. At that time the boy didn’t have enough money, but he had gone from shop to shop and believed he could get what he wanted. Finally, he made it. Now, it was the same willpower of him that saved the lives of all the passengers. [写作内容] 1．以约 30 个词概括故事的内容要点； 2．然后以约 120 个词就“毅力与成功”这个主题发表你的看法，内容包括： （1）叙述你或你的同学凭借毅力取得成功的事例； （2）你认为取得成功，主要是靠毅力还是智力？ [写作要求] 1．你可以使出实例或者其他论证方法支持你的观点，也可以参照阅读材料的内容，但是 不得直接引用原文中的句子； 2．文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称； [评分标准] 概括准确，语言规范，内容合适，篇章连贯。 参考词汇：毅力 willpower
江苏省泰州中学 2017 届高三模底考试 英语试卷参考答案
Keys: 一、听力 CCBBA 二、单选 ACDDC 三、完形 ABCBA 四、阅读 DC 五、任阅 71. majority 72. differ/vary 73. focus/concentrate 74. involved 75. CBCCA CBABC DBCAD AADB ACBBA ADCDB BCDBC CBDA DBBAC BAACB CCABC
76. willing correspond/agree 六、书面表达