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2012年广州市高二英语水平测试(定稿)


2012 学年度广州市高中二年级学生学业水平测试





本试卷分四部分,共 12 页,满分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。

I 听 力

(共两节,满分 20 分)

第一节 听力理解 (4 段共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题,各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各 段播放内容及其相关小题,在 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A、B、C 项中,选出最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。

听下面一段对话,回答第 1~2 题。 1. What time does the talk take place? A. In the morning. B. Around lunch time. C. In the afternoon. 2. What is the talk mainly about? A. Finding a missing student. B. Preparing for the exams. C. Organising a dance party.

听下面一段对话,回答第 3~5 题。 3. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Friends. B. Strangers. C. Workmates. 4. Why doesn?t the woman want to buy her ticket online? A. She doesn?t know how to use the Internet. B. She doesn?t have a credit card. C. She doesn?t think it is safe. 5. What do we know about the man? A. He is a teacher. B. He doesn?t like to fly. C. It?s his first trip to China. 听下面一段对话,回答第 6~8 题。 6. Which of the following best describes the man?s opinion of the movie?

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A. Silly. B. Exciting. C. Unbelievable. 7. Who did the speakers agree was the best actor or actress in the movie? A. The captain. B. The doctor. C. The policeman. 8. Where did the speakers watch the movie? A. In the cinema. B. In their home. C. In their neighbour?s home. 听下面一段独白,回答第 9~10 题。 9. Why was the speaker unhappy? A. He thought his teacher was not fair. B. He couldn?t finish his homework. C. He couldn?t go to his best friend?s party. 10. What can we learn about the speaker from the talk? A. He doesn?t like his English lessons. B. He is often very unlucky with computers. C. He likes to blame others for his problem. 第二节 听取信息 (共 5 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面一段独白,请根据题目要求,从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息,填入答题卡标 号为 11~15 的空格中。听录音前,你将有 10 秒钟的阅题时间。录音读两遍,你将有 60 秒钟 的作答时间。

Guangzhou Car Show
Date: Location: Displays: June 26 to Old 12 11 — all in beautiful condition 13 — see what we will be driving in 50 years time Ticket Prices: Adults: 90 yuan Children: 30 yuan Family: 14 Advanced Bookings: At the Tianhe yuan 15 or online at www.motorshow.cn (共两节,满分 45 分)

Tianhe Sports Centre Cars of the future — powered by electricity or

II 语言知识及应用

第一节 完形填空 (共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 16~30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
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Eleven-year-old Cherry Holmes is walking along the beach with her big sister and a friend. Wearing gloves to 16 their hands from any sharp objects, they are 17 a large rubbish bag with everything from fishing line and dirty plastic bottles to old shopping bags. The girls are taking part in International Beach Cleanup Day. It?s an annual event that helps people see the 18 of keeping the world?s oceans 19 and sea-life safe. 20 , a lot of rubbish never goes into a rubbish bin. Instead, it blows on the wind, and 21 down rivers to the sea. Rubbish isn?t just ugly — it can be 22 for animals that live in the water. Sometimes animals get caught up in rubbish and die. Sometimes they eat rubbish that 23 them. Sea turtles, for example, often 24 plastic bags for the jellyfish they love to eat. “When they first ask us to take part, I felt terrible! We had to 25 rubbish!” says Cherry. “But when I got there I found it was really 26 ! I liked meeting all the other people and improving the 27 .” This one-day event sends out an important message: “We are all 28 to the ocean. We can help keep the ocean clean by 29 rubbish in the right place. Take the extra time to place rubbish in the bin instead of throwing it on the ground, and 30 everything we can to reduce pollution,” say the event organizers. 16. A. hide 17. A. filling 18. A. danger 19. A. cold 20. A. Obviously 21. A. travels 22. A. smelly 23. A. catches 24. A. mistake 25. A. cry out 26. A. tiring 27. A. relationship 28. A. limited 29. A. putting 30. A. buy B. protect B. emptying B. doubt B. clean B. Finally B. gets B. helpful B. poisons B. exchange B. find out B. dirty B. weather B. connected B. talking B. eat C. warm C. making C. importance C. calm C. Unfortunately C. falls C. attractive C. excites C. produce C. look up C. fun C. environment C. similar C. finding C. replace D. wash D. collecting D. ability D. angry D. Actually D. turns D. dangerous D. relaxes D. save D. pick up D. surprising D. families D. familiar D. losing D. recycle

第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 3l~40 的相应位置上。 When a hungry cat sees a bird, she usually wants to eat it. But one baby cat in the US wouldn?t dream 31 hurting her best friend, who happens to be a bird. The special pair of animal friends 32 (discover) by a cat-loving couple eight months ago. To the couple?s amazement, the bird digs worms out and feeds them 33 (direct) to the hungry cat. The pair go everywhere together and play games on the grass all day.

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When the 34 (interest) couple put a dish of food out for 35 cat, who they named Cassie, the animal friends share 36 together. And when Cassie grew brave enough to come into their warm home overnight, the bird started sitting by the window, 37 (wait) for her friend to come out. In the morning, she always greets Cassie at the top of the stairs 38 then they walk down the steps together to get on with their daily routine. A local animal expert, 39 watched the animals, believes that 40 her bird friend hadn?t helped Cassie, the motherless young cat would have already died.

III 阅读理解
项涂黑。

(共一节,20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该

A It is April and we?ve been in France for less than 24 hours. Our flight from the US landed at around daybreak — and there was a light cover of snow on the ground. When we arrived at the apartment at around 10 a.m., the sun was shining brightly through the bedroom window, so we put a sheet over it. It made napping easier. At 3 p.m. we knew it was time to get up and get going. Walking on the main avenue through one of Paris? richer areas we came across Le Comptoir — the hottest restaurant in town. It?s usually impossible to book a table there. But to our great surprise, there were a few empty tables, so George wisely suggested we sit down although we weren?t hungry. We sat outside and the sky was cloudy now so we had plenty of shade. We couldn?t make out the menu as neither of us speaks French. George asked a young college student for help. In the end, we got a delicious cheese and ham sandwich. This sandwich at Le Comptoir wasn?t just any sandwich — it?s “THE SANDWICH.” The cheese was heavenly. The ham melted in my mouth. If this wasn?t enough, we also ate many tasty cakes from a street vendor and got a coffee from a famous café . Another Monday highlight: an inexpensive Vietnamese dinner. Superb! I love Paris. The food is fantastic! Everywhere you go there are these wonderful stuffed sandwiches, cakes and snacks. I just don?t understand how any French woman can be skinny. 41. What was the first thing the couple did after arriving at the apartment? A. They toured around the nearby streets. B. They shaded their room from the sun. C. They booked a table for lunch. D. They paid the rent. 42. The couple decided to eat at Le Comptoir because ______. A. they felt too hot to go on walking B. its food made them feel hungry C. they had booked a table there D. there were empty tables 43. What do we know about the weather in Paris that day? A. It was very cold overnight.
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B. It was cloudy in the morning. C. It became rainy in the afternoon. D. It became windy in the evening. 44. What does the writer think of the food in Paris? A. She found it extremely delicious. B. She worried it would be unhealthy. C. She wondered why French women like it. D. She thought it made French women skinny. B ① My pre-teen daughter, now 11, still loves trick-or-treating on Halloween, but she?s not OK with having her parents come along. This year, she?s begging to go trick-or-treating with friends and without me. But, is she ready? ② Although many parents have safety concerns about letting tweens (11 and 12 year-old children) go trick-or-treating without adults watching on, it?s important to realize that most tweens are ready for the responsibility of going off in groups without you. ③ Of course, it?s important to set up a few rules before you send your tween on his way this Halloween. Here are some things to consider: ④ Assess Their Maturity Yes, we?re talking about 11 and 12-year-olds. But if you think your child can follow your rules, make smart decisions, and come home when you say, then let him go. If not, then forget it. ⑤ Safety in Small Groups A few friends is good; a half-dozen or more is asking for trouble. A large group means many opinions, and the group will probably break apart. Have your child pick three or four friends, and tell them to stay together. ⑥ ____________________________ Ideally, trick-or-treating can be completed in 90 minutes. That?s plenty of time to visit nearby houses, get candy, and head home. If your tween stays out much longer, he may wander away. Set an early home-time. It cuts down the chances of trouble. ⑦ Make Sure They Know Safety Rules Repeat basic safety guidelines to your tweens before they head out: Cross at corners, stay on well-lit streets, don?t visit houses that are dark, stay together and come home on time. ⑧ Halloween can be an exciting time for tweens to spread their independent wings. Set the rules then let them see if freedom tastes as good as candy. 45. Who are the intended readers of this passage? A. Teachers. B. Parents. C. Tweens. D. Party-goers. 46. Which of the following statements about tweens would the writer agree with? A. They are usually very naughty. B. They are safest with their parents. C. They want to be more independent. D. They need to be watched carefully. 47. What are the benefits of tweens trick-or-treating in small groups according to the writer?

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A. Large groups don?t move very quickly. B. Children will each get more candy. C. Tweens can stay together more easily. D. It?s easier for parents to watch their child. 48. Which of the following is the most suitable subheading(小标题)for Paragraph 6? A. Suggest places to go B. Get more candy C. Allow more time D. Set an early home-time C It?s hard to believe, but when Paris?s Eiffel Tower was first opened in 1889, many people hated it. Built to celebrate the 100-year anniversary of the French Revolution, but only after Canada had rejected the original design, the tower was also used as the entrance to the Paris World Fair, much to the disappointment of locals. Not only did they think it was ugly and “too artistic” but they also feared that the then tallest tower in the world would be blown down by strong winds. And their anger was directed towards the man who designed the tower and after whom it was named, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel. This was not Eiffel?s first difficulty nor would it be his last. Born in France in 1832, Eiffel graduated from university in 1855 with a master?s degree in chemistry. After rejecting a job offer at his uncle?s wine factory, he went to work for a company that designed railway bridges. Eiffel impressed his bosses with his creative designs and was soon promoted to Project Manager. His success led to many more job offers and through the 1860s he constructed dozens of bridges that are still used today. Eiffel later took part in the French effort to build the Panama Canal (巴拿马运河). But when the project failed completely due to financial mismanagement and the theft (盗窃), his reputation suffered greatly. His record was later cleared, as he had no involvement in the financial part of the project. Eiffel also helped design the Statue of Liberty, France?s gift to the USA. His knowledge of iron structures allowed this symbol of freedom to rise over New York Harbor. And just like the Eiffel Tower, it still stands tall and strong today, a symbol of Eiffel?s design genius. 49. What were French people?s opinions about the Eiffel Tower when it was first built? A. They thought it was ugly and unsafe. B. They found it to be beautiful and artistic. C. They thought it was too expensive to build. D. They found it to be a great source of national pride. 50. According to the passage, Eiffel Tower was ______. A. originally designed for the Paris World Fair B. built one year after the French Revolution C. a gift from the United States to France D. the tallest tower in the world when first built 51. Which is true about Alexandre Gustave Eiffel? A. He worked for a railway company.
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B. He helped his uncle make wine. C. He was once a successful Project Manager. D. He got a master?s degree in engineering. 52. Why was Eiffel?s good name damaged by the Panama Canal project? A. Project costs were much greater than planned. B. The dams he built did not work properly. C. He was found to have stolen the money. D. The project ended in complete failure. D Most doctors agree that reducing salt is very important for people?s health. Studies have found that a small reduction in the amount of salt we eat would cause people with high blood pressure to have 14% fewer stroke(中风)deaths and 9% fewer heart attack deaths, while people with normal blood pressure would be 6% less likely to die of stroke and 4% less likely to die of a heart attack. So if you?re ready to protect your body and reduce your salt intake, here are a few simple things you can do. First, ditch fast food completely from your diet. Often, one fast food meal will contain all the salt you need for a whole day! Eat less salt by going for more home-made meals instead of visiting McDonalds. And when you?re cooking at home try using other seasonings (调味料) instead of salt. Garlic, onion and pepper are just some of the things that can easily replace it. You?ll be delightfully surprised at the results. Finally keep away from processed meats. Sausage, ham and hot dogs are usually packed with salt --- much more than your body needs. Choose healthier, fresh meats instead. It?s not easy to cut salt from your diet. Not only are we made to enjoy the taste of salt, but salt is added in huge quantities to almost all our foods. But, if you take simple, one-at-a-time steps to reduce the amount of salt you put in your body, you can protect your health in the years to come. 53. In Paragraph 1, the writer uses ______ to support his idea. A. story B. fact C. advice D. theory 54. As used in the article, the underlined word “ditch” in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ______. A. receive B. revisit C. remove D. review 55. The underlined word ?it? in Paragraph 3 refers to _______. A. salt B. garlic C. a dish D. a meal 56. What is the main purpose of this article? A. To list the foods which are most dangerous to eat. B. To review research on the effects of salt on health. C. To advise readers on ways to reduce salt in their diet. D. To warn about the result of eating too much salt. E Origin and First Use of Words in English I?ve always wondered where some of the words in the English language came from. How did

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the word “bomb” get its meaning? What about “robot?” I?ve always thought that most English words were just randomly made up. But, even so, there had to be some time when these words were first used! Bomb — Besides describing an explosive device or the act of blowing something up, nowadays, bomb can also mean a poor performance or result as in “My team really bombed today.” This meaning of bomb was first used by the theatre critic Grevile Corks to describe a horrible play in New York during the 1920s. Robot — Robot comes from Czech word for “worker.” In 1923, a Czech science fiction writer, Carl Kapek, popularized the word when he wrote a book in which machines he called “robots” take over the world. Science — From the early 1200s to the 1840s science was referred to as Natural Philosophy. It wasn?t until the 1840s that people started using the word science, derived from the Latin word scientia. Broke — This word is often used to describe someone with no money. It comes from Europe. Years ago, banks gave their customers small tiles to be used like credit cards. The tiles had the customer?s name and the amount he could borrow on it. Whenever a person wanted to borrow money, he would show the bank his tile and if the borrower was past his money limit, the teller “broke” his tile immediately. 57. If we say a student “bombed” in a test, it means he/ she ______. A. performed as usual B. performed very poorly C. came top of the class D. did not attend 58. According to the passage, which of the following words comes from Latin? A. Broke. B. Science. C. Robot. D. Bomb. 59. Which of the following words became popular because of a book? A. Robot. B. Bomb. C. Science. D. Broke. 60. If a bank teller “broke” a customer?s tile, it meant the customer ______. A. was rejected by the bank B. was accepted by the bank C. would lose some money D. would get some money back

Ⅳ 写 作

(共三节,满分 45 分)

第一节 完成句子 (共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请根据句子的意思和汉语提示 完成下列句子,每空只填一个单词。 61. She felt very ________ (难过) and hurt because her best friend misunderstood her. 62. I _________ (宁愿,更喜欢) not eating out. How about we heat up last night?s left-overs? 63. If you keep on trying with the right method, you are sure to ________ (成功) one day. 64. To be ________ (诚实的,坦率的), it?s no use regretting on what has already happened. 65. By taking a lot of exercise, she lost some ________ (体重). 66. That song ________ (令……想起……) me of my happy childhood in the countryside.

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67. It?s better not to ________ (争论,争吵) about when to have the trip if we haven?t even agreed on whether to take it. 68. If you don?t want to be treated like a child, ________ (行动,表现) like a grown up. 69. He raised his voice to ________ (吸引) attention from his audience. 70. The ____________ (导游) led us through the forest, using a stick to explore the way.

第二节 句子翻译(共 5 小题,每小题 3 分,满分 15 分) 请根据中文及括号内的提示翻 译下列句子。 71. 我们应该乐观向上,永远对生活保持一种积极的态度。(be optimistic) 72. 我决定还是求稳不要冒险。(take a chance;rather than) 73. 当你遇到困难时,不要失去信心。(lose heart) 74. 全体同学都要准时参加明天举行的会议。(request) 75. 最让我感兴趣的是礼品店,那里售卖各种纪念品(souvenirs) 。(What 引导的主语从句 及 where 引导的非限制定语从句) 第三节 写作(共 1 小题,满分 20 分) [写作情景] 你校英文杂志举办英语征文活动,题目为“Life in the future”。请用英文写一篇短文投稿 参加该征文活动。以下是短文的思维导图:

交通 环境 Life in the future 住房

教育



[写作要求] 1.文章需包含你对未来的交通、环境、住房、教育及其他方面的一到两个想法; 2.字数约 120 词。

[评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

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