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2015-2016学年高中英语 Unit1 Period2 Warming Up & Reading课件 新人教版选修7


教 学 目 标 分 析

Period Ⅱ

Warming Up & Reading

教 学 方 案 设 计

课 堂 互 动 探 究

(教师用书独具)
●教学目标 1.熟记学案中所列出的单词和短语。 2.通过学案中所给出的重点单词和重点短语的学习,让学 生能够正确理解和使用这些单词和短语,能够运用这些词语造 句。

3.通过对这些词汇的理解能够更深层次地理解课文,并通 过课文加深对这些词汇的理解,更加熟练的运用这些词汇。 4.通过对本课文的理解,让学生学会写建议信,日记等。 并培养学生养成自觉用英语写日记的好习惯, 以提高学生的书面 表达能力。

●教学地位 单词和短语是构成句子的最小单位, 在语言学习中起至关重 要的作用, 所以理解和正确使用英语单词和短语是英语学习的重 点所在。

(教师用书独具)
●新课导入建议 As we all know, many disabled people made great achievements by overcoming various difficulty.Now I want to ask ××× to give an example.

●教学流程设计

1.ambition n.雄心,野心;抱负,志向 Her ambition is to become part of the national team for the next Paralympic Games.(教材 P1)她的抱负是能够成为国家队的 一员来参加下一届残奥会。 To be a good teacher has been her lifelong ambition. 做一名好教师是她终生追求的目标。 She was intelligent but had a lack of ambition. 她很聪明,但却缺乏远大志向。

①be full of ambition 野心勃勃 achieve/fulfill/realize one's ambition 实现抱负 have the ambition for sth.渴望得到某物 ②ambitious adj.有抱负的,野心勃勃的

He achieved his ambition of making a fortune. 他已实现了发财的雄心。 Her son was filled with ambition to become a great inventor. 她的儿子一心想成为一名伟大的发明家。
【提示】 ambition 似乎总是被翻译成“野心”,其实不

然,在西方 ambition 大多用于表示雄心壮志的意思,所以在用 ambition 时也应多关注其褒义的意思。

【教师备课资源】 be ambitious to do sth. 渴望做某事 be ambitious of/for sth. 渴望得到某物 be ambitious for power,social position,etc.极欲获得权力, 社会地位等 be ambitious of success 渴望成功 be ambitious to serve the people 一心想为人民服务

完成句子 ① 他的理想就是环游世界。 sail around the world. ②如果你一心想要成功,就应该诚实行事,努力争取成功。 If you have the ambition strive to succeed. ,be honest and

【答案】 ① His ambition is to win

②for success/to succeed/to

2.suitable adj.适合的,适宜的 Although some may think the cinema is noisy,it is suitable for Sally's condition.(教材 P1)尽管有人可能认为电影院里太吵 了,但是它非常适合萨利的身体状况。 Tomorrow will be quite suitable.明天挺合适。 The book is suitable for students of his age. 这本书适合他那个年龄段的学生阅读。

①be suitable for 对??适合 be suitable to 适合于 be suitable to do sth.适合做某事 It is suitable for sb.to do sth.某人适合做某事 ②unsuitable adj.不适合的,不相称的 ③suit v.合适;适合 n.一套外衣;套装

This wine is not suitable to my taste. 这酒不合我口味。 The colour doesn't suit me.这颜色不适合我。

【教师备课资源】 fit/suit/match ①fit 表示大小、尺寸合适。 The jacket fits me well.这件衣服正合我体。 ②suit 强调“款式、颜色等合适或适当”,同时还用于表示某 时间、安排、条件对某人适当。 The eight o'clock train will suit us very well. 八点钟的那班车对我们很合适。 ③match 与……相匹配,强调一事物与另一事物相配。 The color of the curtains doesn't match that of the sofa.窗帘 颜色与沙发颜色不相配。

用 suit 的适当形式填空 ①Then try this red Tang phoenix pictures.It is very ②This story is another it's too dull.
【答案】 ①suit; suitable ②unsuitable

with dragon and for you.

.For one thing it's too long,for

3.beneficial adj.有益的;受益的 ...and why disabled people find the website beneficial.(教材 P1)??为什么残疾人发现这个网站有用。 His holiday has had a beneficial effect on him. 假期对他大有裨益。 Sunshine is beneficial to plants. 阳光对植物有益。

①be beneficial to 对??有益处 ②benefit vt.对??有益,有益于 vi.得益,受惠 好处 benefit from/by 从??中获得益处 be of benefit to...对??有益 for sb.'s benefit=for the benefit of sb.为了某人的利益 n.益处,

We benefit a lot from daily exercise. 日常锻炼对我们很有益。 His mother lost her life for the benefit of the bank. 他母亲为了银行的利益献出了自己的生命。

用适当的介词填空 ①A warm climate is beneficial ②Both sides have benefited the health. the talks. great

③I hope what I have written will be benefit to someone else who may feel the same way.
【答案】 ①to ②from ③of

完成句子 ④新鲜空气会对你的健康有所助益。 Fresh air will your health.

⑤到时大家都将会从中受益。 Everyone will then be able to ⑥为了你自己的利益你必须努力学习。 You must study hard your own. it.

【答案】 benefit of

④be beneficial to

⑤benefit from

⑥for the

4.in other words 换句话说 In other words, there are not many people like me.(教材 P2) 换句话说,像我这样的人并不多见。 You can stay at home and needn't come here any longer.In other words,you are fired.你可以在家待着以后都不用来了。也 就是说,你被解雇了。 His wife is my sister,in other words,I am his sisterinlaw. 他妻子是我姐姐,换句话讲,我是他的妻妹。

in a/one word 总而言之 in words 用语言(来表达) have a word with sb.与某人说(私)话 keep/break one's word 遵守诺言/失信 in one's own words 用某人自己的话

Have a word with Tom and see what he thinks. 和汤姆谈一谈,看他是怎么想的。 In a word,I didn't like that car at all. 总之,我一点也不喜欢那辆小汽车。

【教师备课资源】 have words with sb.与某人吵嘴 in plain words get in a word 率真地说 插话

leave word 留言 word for word 逐字逐句 beyond words 无法用言语表达

用上面的短语填空 ①I don't have money or time; you to the Great Wall. ②I hope you will always
【答案】 ①in other words

, I can't accompany

in the future.
②keep your word

5.adapt to 适应 Unfortunately,the doctors don't know how to make me better,but I am very outgoing and have learned to adapt to my disability.(教材 P2) 不幸的是, 大夫们不知道如何治好我的病, 但是我很开朗乐 观,学会了适应身体的残疾。 We should adapt to the new environment as soon as possible. 我们应该尽快适应新环境。 She quickly adapted to the climate there. 她很快适应了那儿的气候。

adapt oneself to 使自己适应 adapt...to...使??适应?? adapt...for...将??改编为?? adapt sth.from sth.根据??改编 be adapted from 由??改编

adaptable adj.能适应的;可修改的 adaptation n.改编本;适应

You should adapt yourself to the new environment. 你应该适应新环境。 The novel was adapted for a film. 那部小说被改编成了电影。
【提示】 义却完全不同。 adopt“采用,收养”与 adapt 词形相近,但意

完成句子 ①孩子们发现很难适应新学校。 The children found it hard ②据说这部电影是由小说改编的。 It was said that the movie
【答案】 from ① to adapt (themselves) to

their new school.

a novel.
② was adapted

6 . In fact , I used to dream about playing professional football and possibly representing my country in the World Cup.(教材 P2)事实上, 我曾梦想成为一名职业球员代表国家参加 世界杯比赛。 used to do sth.表示“过去常常做某事”,只能用于过去时 态,没有其他时态。多用来表示今昔对比,暗含现在已不再是原 来的样子了,其中的 to do 为不定式结构。 He used to get up early.过去他总是起床很早。 There used to be a lake near the theater. 剧院附近过去有一个湖。

used to do/be used to(doing)/be used to do

used to do

表示过去经常发生的动作或存在的状态, 但现在已不再发生或存在了。

be used to (doing)

意为“习惯于??”。be可用于多种时态, 也可用get或become替换,以表示“逐渐习 惯于”。

意为“被用来做某事”,其中的use是及物 be used to do 动词“使用”,是被动结构,不可和系表 结构的be used to doing sth.相混淆。

She used to study hard.她曾努力学习过。 He said he was used to the noise upstairs. 他说他已习惯楼上的噪音了。 I'm used to drinking a cup of coffee before going to bed.我 习惯于睡觉前喝杯咖啡。 Plastics can be used to make many things. 塑料能用来做很多东西。

【教师备课资源】 used to/would ①used to 表过去持续的状态或情况,客观地陈述相当长期 间的规则行为。其含义是现在动作或习惯已不存在,强调现在、 将来与过去对比。不能与表一段时间的状语连用。 There used to be an old temple on the hill. 从前山上有座旧庙。(现在已不存在)

②would 表过去不规则的行为,或主语的关心、感慨等主观 因素较强,常与 often,sometimes,frequently,for hours 等词 连用,但不与表状态的动词连用。 She would sit there for hours doing nothing at all. 她总是一连几个小时坐在那儿,什么也不做。

完成句子 ①我不习惯很早起床。 I early.

②我已经不再是以前的我了,怎么才能找回自己? I am not what I ③竹子可以用来造纸。 Bamboo can . 【答案】 ①am not used to getting up .How can I go back?

②used to be



be used to make paper

7.cut out 切去;省略;停止做某事 I think I had at least a billion tests,including one in which they cut out a piece of muscle from my leg and looked at it under a microscope.(教材 P2) 我想我至少做过十亿次检查了, 包括有一次检查, 他们从我 的腿部切下了一小块肌肉,放在显微镜下观察。 She tried to persuade me to cut out drinking. 她试图说服我戒酒。 I don't want to cut the children out of the plan. 我不想把孩子排除在计划之外。

cut down 砍倒;削减 cut in 插嘴;超车 cut off 切断??供应;中断 cut across/through 抄近路 cut up 切碎

My doctor has told me to cut down on salt. 我的医生告诉我减少盐的摄入量。 They had cut off aid to us. 他们已经中断了对我们的援助。

【教师备课资源】 cut out 其他意义 ①删掉,省掉 You can cut out what you like. 你可以随意删减。 ②取代,击败 With her speed and agility, Cage cut out all her competitors in the hurdle race. 凯奇在跨栏赛跑中速度快、 动作敏捷, 击败了所有其他选手。

③适合于,天生是做??的 He is cut out for a football player. 他天生是个当足球运动员的料子。 We soon realized that she was cut out to be a teacher. 我们不久就了解到她适合当教师。

用上面的短语填空 ①We can't watch TV with electricity ②I long. ③The doctor advised him to
【答案】 ① cut off ② cut out

.

the paragraph in this article because it's too

working hours.
③ cut down

8.out of breath 上气不接下气 So sometimes some children in my primary school would laugh, when I got out of breath after running a short way or had to stop and rest halfway up the stairs.(教材 P2)因此, 上小学时有 些孩子见到我跑很短一段路就喘不过气来或者爬楼梯爬到一半 就得停下来休息,他们就会笑我。 Her heart condition made her out of breath after running. 心脏状况不佳使她跑步后喘不过气来。 They were both red in the face and out of breath. 他们俩都面红耳赤,气喘吁吁。

become/get out of breath 变得上气不接下气 hold one's breath 屏住呼吸 lose one's breath 喘不过气来 take a deep breath 做深呼吸 catch one's breath 松一口气

He became out of breath after running back to the classroom.跑回教室后他变得上气不接下气。 When entering the room,please hold your breath. 当进入房间时,请屏住呼吸。

【教师备课资源】 recover one's breath 缓过气来 waste one's breath 白费口舌

out of control 失控;out of sight 看不见;out of order 坏了; out of reach 够不着;out of date 过时;out of shape 变形;out of danger 脱险

完成句子 ①他飞快地跑着, 最终追上了他的老师, 可是已经上气不接 下气。 He ran as fast as he could and finally caught up with his teacher but . ②为吓唬他的同学,他屏住呼吸然后又突然跳了出来。 To frighten his classmate,the boy jumped out suddenly. and

③我深吸了一口气使自己镇静下来。 I
【答案】 ②held his breath

and calmed myself down.
①got/became out of breath/lost his breath ③ took a deep breath

9.annoy vt.使??不悦;惹恼 The few who cannot see the real person inside my body don't make me annoyed.(教材 P2) 那几个不了解我内心世界的人并不能使我生气。 Stop annoying your mother.She is busy. 别烦你妈妈,她现在很忙。 He was just saying that to annoy me. 他那样说只是为了气我。

①annoying adj.(事情)惹人生气的,令人恼火的 ②annoyed adj. (人)感到生气的,恼怒的,烦恼的 be annoyed at/about/by sth.因为某事而感到困扰/恼火 get/be annoyed with sb.生某人的气

He was annoyed at his lost ID card. 他因为丢了身份证而感到烦恼。 Dorian is never annoyed with me. 多丽安从不跟我生气。

annoy/bother

annoy bother

指由于干扰、不顺利或受不了某 种外界情况的影响等而“使烦恼, 恼怒”。 指不停地“扰乱,麻烦”,使人 不能安宁,而产生烦恼的心理。

I was annoyed by his bad manners. 他的无礼使我恼怒。 Pardon me for bothering you with such a small matter. 请原谅我为这点小事麻烦你。
【教师备课资源】 annoyance n.厌烦;烦恼 to sb.'s annoyance 让某人恼火的是

选词填空:annoy,annoyed,annoying ①The mosquitoes ②The membership is very ③How
【答案】

me so much I couldn't sleep. at your suggestion.

!He kept stepping on my foot.
①annoyed ②annoyed ③annoying

单句改错 ④It's annoyed to miss a train.

⑤It annoyed me see him getting ahead of me.

⑥I felt annoying when he refused to help.

⑦It bothered him when someone made fun of his ugly handwriting.

【答案】

④annoyed→annoying

⑤第一个 me 后加 to

⑥annoying→annoyed

⑦bothered → annoyed

10.all in all 总而言之 All in all I have a good life.(教材 P2) 总而言之,我生活得很好。 All in all,it had been a good success. 总而言之,那是个巨大的成功。 All in all,her condition is greatly improved. 总的来说,她的状况大大好转。

in all 总共 at all 根本;全然 (常用于否定句、条件句中加强语气) above all 最重要的是 after all 毕竟;终究 first of all 首先

Please don't be angry with him — he is only 6,after all. 请别生他的气了,毕竟他只有六岁。 There are fifteen books on the first shelf,twentyone on the second,which makes thirtysix in all.书架的第一层有 15 本书, 第二层有 21 本,总共是 36 本。

【提示】

与 all in all 同义的表达有:in a/one word,in

brief,in conclusion,in general,in short,on the whole 等。

用上面的短语填空 ①I am glad to join you in this game,but allow me to introduce myself to you. ②The parents didn't worry about their daughter for they believed she could succeed in getting the first prize. ③When traveling abroad, your passport. ,you need to prepare , please

④There are many beautiful sentences in your article and its handwriting is good too. ,I'm quite satisfied with it.

【答案】 all

① first of all

② at all

③ above all

④ All in

11.as well as 也;和 As well as going to the movies and football matches with my friends,I spend a lot of time with my pets.(教材 P2)除了和我的 朋友一起去看电影和足球比赛之外, 我还花很多时间和我的宠物 在一起。 She had all her homework to do, as well as looking after her sick father.她除了要照顾生病的父亲之外,还要完成所有的作 业。 Mr.Li as well as his students is going to the zoo tomorrow.李 老师和他的学生们打算明天去动物园。

as well 另外,又,也 may/might just as well 还是??好,不妨做??最好

as/so long as 只要(引导条件状语从句) as soon as 一??就??(引导时间状语从句) as far as I'm concerned 就我而言

He speaks English and Spanish as well. 他既能说英语,也能说西班牙语。 So you might as well do what you love. 所以你不妨做你喜欢做的工作。
【提示】 as well as 还可以用于同级比较,表示“和??

一样好”;另外,连接两个主语时,谓语动词和最前面的主语保 持一致。

用上面的短语填空 ①His wife his children was invited to the party.

②Since I get asked this question all the time,I might answer it publicly.
【答案】 ①as well as ②as well

12.in many ways 在很多方面 In many ways my disability has helped me grow stronger psychologically and become more independent.(教材 P2)在许多 方面,我(身体)的残疾使我在心理上变得更加坚强、更加独立。 My uncle has helped me in many ways. 我叔叔在很多方面帮助过我。 She performs better in many ways. 她在很多方面表现得更好。

in this way 用这种方式 in a/one way 在某种程度上 in no way 决不,一点也不 in the way 妨碍,碍事,挡住去路 on the way/one's way 在途中,即将 by the way 顺便说一下,顺便问一下

In a way,I'm glad you made that mistake,for it will serve as a warning to you.在某种程度上说,你犯那个错误我反而感到 高兴,因为它可以对你敲警钟。 In no way can theory be separated from practice. 理论决不能脱离实践。

用上面的短语填空 ①You just arranged matters so well that no one was ②To be honest,the great experience has changed me
【答案】 ①in the way ②in many ways

. .

13.make fun of 取笑 So don't feel sorry for the disabled or make fun of them, and don't ignore them either.(教材 P3) 因此,不要感觉残疾人可怜,或者取笑他们,也不要不理他 们。 It is impolite to make fun of the disabled. 取笑残疾人是不礼貌的。 The kids at school always made fun of Jill's clothes. 学校里的孩子总取笑吉尔穿的衣服。

have fun (with sb.) (和某人在一起)娱乐,开心 for fun 为了快乐,闹着玩地 play a joke/trick on sb.开某人的玩笑,捉弄某人 laugh at 嘲笑 make a fool of sb.捉弄某人,愚弄某人

I wrote this story just for fun and to get your imagination started! 我写这个故事只是为了好玩,发挥你的想象力吧! Your son played a joke on his classmate yesterday and made him very angry. 你儿子昨天开他同学的玩笑,搞得那位同学很生气。

一句多译 没有人喜欢被嘲笑。 Nobody likes being made fun of. = Nobody likes = Nobody likes = Nobody likes
【答案】

. . .

being laughing at; being played a joke/trick on;

being made a fool of

14.Just accept them for who they are,and give them encouragement to live as rich and full a life as you do.(教材 P3)接 受他们的现状, 并给予他们鼓励, 让他们和你们一样过着丰富多 彩而充实的生活。 as rich and full a life as 为“as + adj.+ a/an + n.+ as”表示“像??一样的??”结构。

She is as friendly a girl as her younger sister. 她和她妹妹一样友好。 I have never met with as clever a boy as he is before,who has really impressed me a great deal. 我从来没见过像他一样聪明的男孩, 他的确给我留下了非常 深刻的印象。

“as + 形容词或副词原级 + as”结构 ①在否定句或疑问句中可用 so...as。 ②当 as...as 中间有名词时采用以下格式: as +形容词+ a(n) +单数名词+ as as + many/much +名词+ as ③用表示倍数的词或其他程度副词做修饰语时,放在 as 的 前面。 ④倍数+ as + adj.+ as

You've made as many mistakes as I have. 你犯的错误和我犯的一样多。 This dress is twice as expensive as that. 这件连衣裙比那件贵一倍。
【提示】 在这一结构中,形容词要放在不定冠词的前面。

在否定句中,第一个 as 可变为 so。

翻译句子 ①今天像昨天一样热。

②我不像你原来想象的有那么多钱。

【答案】

①It is as hot a day as it was yesterday.

②I haven't got as much money as you had thought.



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